List of people who have walked on the Moon
Twelve people have walked on Earth's Moon, starting with Neil Armstrong and ending with Gene Cernan. All crewed lunar landings took place between July 1969 and December 1972 as part of the United States Apollo program. The only individuals to have ever explored the surface of the Moon were from the United States.
Alan Shepard was the oldest person to walk on the Moon, at age 47 years and 80 days. Charles Duke was the youngest, at age 36 years and 201 days. Duke, Buzz Aldrin, David Scott, and Harrison Schmitt are still living as of 12 September 2020;[update] the most recent to die was Alan Bean.
Twelve people have walked on the Moon. Four of them are still living as of 12 September 2020.[update] All crewed lunar landings took place between July 1969 and December 1972 as part of the Apollo program. Most astronauts at that time came from the military services and were considered to be on active duty during their NASA service; the few exceptions were considered civilian NASA astronauts (regardless of any prior military service).
|Image||No.||Name||Mission||Born||Died||Lunar EVA dates (UTC)||Lunar EVAs||Total EVA duration||Astronaut service|
|1.||Neil Armstrong||Apollo 11||August 5, 1930||August 25, 2012(aged 82)||July 21, 1969[a]||1||2 hours 31 minutes||NASA[b]|
|2.||Buzz Aldrin||January 20, 1930||July 21, 1969[a]||1||2 hours 31 minutes||Air Force|
|3.||Pete Conrad||Apollo 12||June 2, 1930||July 8, 1999(aged 69)||November 19–20, 1969||2||7 hours 45 minutes||Navy|
|4.||Alan Bean||March 15, 1932||May 26, 2018(aged 86)||November 19–20, 1969||2||7 hours 45 minutes||Navy|
|None||Apollo 13||Moon landing aborted due to severe in-flight problem.|
|5.||Alan Shepard||Apollo 14||November 18, 1923||July 21, 1998(aged 74)||February 5–6, 1971||2||9 hours 21 minutes||Navy|
|6.||Edgar Mitchell||September 17, 1930||February 4, 2016(aged 85)||February 5–6, 1971||2||9 hours 21 minutes||Navy|
|7.||David Scott||Apollo 15||June 6, 1932||July 31–August 2, 1971||3||18 hours 33 minutes||Air Force|
|8.||James Irwin||March 17, 1930||September 8, 1991(aged 61)||July 31–August 2, 1971||3||18 hours 33 minutes||Air Force|
|9.||John Young||Apollo 16||September 24, 1930||January 5, 2018(aged 87)||April 21–23, 1972||3||20 hours 14 minutes||Navy|
|10.||Charles Duke||October 3, 1935||April 21–23, 1972||3||20 hours 14 minutes||Air Force|
|11.[c]||Gene Cernan||Apollo 17||March 14, 1934||January 16, 2017(aged 82)||December 11–14, 1972||3||22 hours 2 minutes||Navy|
|12.||Harrison Schmitt||July 3, 1935||December 11–14, 1972||3||22 hours 2 minutes||NASA|
- Americans alive at the time remember it as the night of July 20, 1969 (Armstrong set foot on the Moon at 10:56 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time), but it was the 21st in UTC.
- Armstrong had left the US Navy and was already a NASA employee when he and Elliot See became the first civilian astronauts in Astronaut Group 2. See Armstrong's NASA biography and a description of his receiving a NASA award, among others.
- Gene Cernan is known as the person to have most recently walked on the Moon. This list illustrates the first person to egress on each mission. Cernan was the first to egress but was the last person back in the lunar module, so he was the 11th to walk on the Moon and the most recent to have walked on it.
Armstrong descended the lunar module ladder and spoke his famous epigram, "That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind." He then went to work on collecting the contingency sample, which was a scoop of the lunar surface collected early in the mission in case there was an emergency. Armstrong took the TV camera off the lunar module and mounted it to a tripod. After that, Aldrin descended the ladder to join Armstrong. Aldrin egressed to the surface about nine minutes after Armstrong. They had some trouble planting the American flag into the lunar soil, but were able to secure it into the surface. Aldrin positioned himself in front of a video camera and began experimenting with different locomotion techniques on the surface. During these experiments, Armstrong and Aldrin received a phone call from President Nixon, congratulating them for the successful landing.
Aldrin then set to work documenting the condition of the spacecraft to ensure it was in proper condition for their upcoming launch. After setting up a couple of experiments with Armstrong, Aldrin went to work hammering a tube into the lunar surface to obtain a core sample. Aldrin's EVA ended when they loaded the lunar samples into the spacecraft and tossed out unneeded items, just before sealing the hatch. Armstrong performed the majority of the photography on the surface, which is why there are only five photos of him on the Moon.
Soon after piloting the LM Falcon to a landing at Hadley Rille, Scott accomplished the only stand-up EVA through the lander's top hatch, using it as a high place from which to refine the geology traverses he and Irwin would undertake during the following days. Scott became the first to drive a vehicle on the Moon as he drove the Lunar Roving Vehicle, more than doubling Apollo 14's EVA time. After the final traverse, back outside the LM, Scott performed a demonstration of Galileo's theory that all objects fall at the same rate in vacuum by dropping a hammer and a feather for the television camera.
Irwin came onto the lunar surface soon after his commander, Scott. As the LRV's first passenger, he had an often rough ride as Scott swerved to avoid craters. It was Irwin who, during the second EVA, first spotted the Genesis Rock and aided Scott in collecting this bit of the early lunar crust. A man of deep Christian religious faith, Irwin quoted from Psalms while on the lunar surface and later became an evangelist.
Jim Lovell and Fred Haise were scheduled to walk on the Moon during the Apollo 13 mission, but the lunar landing was aborted following a major malfunction en route to the Moon. Haise was again scheduled to walk on the Moon as commander of Apollo 19, but Apollo 18 and Apollo 19 were canceled on September 2, 1970.
NASA announced tentative plans in July 2019 for another man and the first woman to walk on the Moon during Artemis 3 in 2024. On 10 January 2020, NASA's 22nd astronaut group, nicknamed the "Turtles", graduated and were assigned to the Artemis program. Some of the astronauts selected might fly on the Artemis missions to the Moon and may be part of the first crew to fly to Mars.
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- Chaikin 2007, pp. 437, 442, 557–558.
- Tate, Karl (April 13, 2015). "How Apollo 13's Dangerous Survival Mission Worked (Infographic)". Space.com. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "NASA outlines plans for lunar lander development through commercial partnerships". 21 July 2019.
- "NASA unveils schedule for 'Artemis' 2024 Moon mission". France24. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
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