List of percussion instruments

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Collection of percussion instruments

This is a wide-ranging, inclusive list of percussion instruments.

It includes:

These three groups overlap heavily, but inclusion in any one is sufficient for an instrument to be included in this list. However, when only a specific subtype of the instrument qualifies as a percussion instrument, only that subtype is listed here. For example, a samba whistle (or apito) is an unpitched percussion instrument,[contradictory] but a whistle in general is not.

For brevity, synonyms represented in Wikipedia by redirects to a main article are not listed, but may be mentioned as a note. Only the main article names are listed in these cases. For example, apito is listed but samba whistle is merely noted as an alternate name. A distinct instrument or type represented only by a redirect to an article section should however be shown. Instruments represented only by redlinks have no Wikipedia articles as yet but are shown.

See list of percussion instruments by type for some shorter, more focused lists. Use the sorting arrows on the common usage column to group instruments as pitched, unpitched or both. Use the sorting arrows on the Classification column to group instruments according to their Hornbostel–Sachs classification.

Percussion instruments[edit]

Name(s) Picture Origin Common usage

Pitched /Unpitched /Both

Hornbostel–Sachs Classification References and notes
Aburukuwa Ghana Unpitched 211 Membranophone
Acme siren Hudsons The ACME City Patent Whistle (13187381764).jpg England Unpitched Aerophone
Afoxé Abe agbe afoxe.jpg Brazil Unpitched 112.122 Idiophone
Agogô AgogoNoir-2tons2.JPG Yoruba Unpitched 111.242 Idiophone Commonly used in Samba.
Agung Agung 08.jpg Philippines Unpitched 111.241.2 Idiophone
Agung a tamlang Agung a Tamlang.jpg Philippines 111.24 Idiophone
Alarm device Old-style fire alarm horn.jpg Both May be electronic or mechanical
Alfaia Music instrument alfaia.jpg Brazil Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Alligator drum China Unpitched 211.2 Membranophone
Angklung Eight-pitch Angklung, Mitchell Park, Milwaukee.jpg Indonesia Pitched 111.232 Idiophone [1]
Anvil Anvil by Zureks.jpg Unpitched 111 Idiophone A similar-sounding alternative is often used due to the weight of the blacksmith's anvil[2]
Apito SambaWhistle.jpg Brazil Unpitched 421.221.11 Aerophone Also known as samba whistle. Some apitos produce up to three different tones, but none of these is normally used as a pitched note.[3][failed verification]
Ashiko Ashiko.jpg Yoruba Unpitched 211.251.1 Membranophone
Atabaque Atabaque (confeccionado por Pancho Piñones).JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.221.1 Membranophone
Atumpan La paire de tambours d'atumpan (vu avec les symboles).jpg Ghana Unpitched 211 . 221 . 1 Membranophone
Axatse Axatse.JPG Ghana Unpitched 454.456 Idiophone
Babendil Babendil 01.jpg Philippines Unpitched 111.242.1 Idiophone
Bak Bak EthnM.jpg Korea Unpitched 111.12 Idiophone
Balafon Balafon.jpg Mali Pitched 111.212 Idiophone
Bamboo clapper Bamboo clapper Mallorca.jpg Myanmar Unpitched 321.321.6 Idiophone
Bamboula Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Bara framelss West Africa Unpitched 211.11 Membranophone
Bass drum Bass drum.jpg Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Batá drum Bata drums.jpg Nigeria Unpitched 211.242.12 Membranophone
Beatboxing Mike Patton-39.jpg Both 4 Aerophone
Bedug Bedug at Istiqlal Mosque.jpg Indonesia Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Bell Gfp-china-beijing-bell.jpg China Both 111.242 Idiophone
Bell plate Bell Plates (from LA Percussion Rentals).jpg Asia Pitched 111.222 Idiophone
Bell tree Belltree.png Unpitched 111.242.221 Idiophone Often confused with mark tree
Bendir Bendir.jpg North Africa Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone
Berimbau Berimbau 1.jpg Brazil Pitched Chordophone
Bianzhong Bianzhong.jpg China Pitched Idiophone
Binzasara Binzasara 2.jpg Japan Unpitched Idiophone
Bo Aachinaclash.jpg Unpitched Idiophone
Bock-a-da-bock Unpitched 111.1 Idiophone
Bodhrán Bodhran.jpg Ireland Unpitched 211.321 Membranophone
Body percussion Haka at Mitai.jpg Unpitched Membranophone
Bombo criollo Bombos (2896447435).jpg Unpitched Membranophone A family of Latin American drums derived from the European bass drum
Bombo legüero Bombo legüero.jpg Unpitched Membranophone Argentina
Bonang Indonesia Pitched 111.241.2 Idiophone
Bones (instrument) Bones mus.jpg Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone
Bongo drum Bongo.jpg Cuba Unpitched 211.251.2 Membranophone
Boobam Boo II.jpg United States Unpitched 211.211.1 Membranophone
Boomwhacker Boomwhaker diatonic playing.jpg United States Pitched Idiophone Plastic percussion tubes
Bougarabou Bougarabou der Firma www.djembe-shop com.jpg West Africa Unpitched 211.261.2 Membranophone
Bubon Ukraine Unpitched 232.311 Membranophone Type of skinned Tambourine
Buk Korea-Gyeongbokgung-Guard.ceremony-14.jpg Korea Unpitched 211.222.1 Membrarophone
Cabasa Cabasa.jpg Unpitched 112.122 Idiophone
Cajón Leon-Mobley-Dec-31-04.jpg Peru Unpitched 111.24 Idiophone Box Drum
Cajón de rumba CajónRumbero.JPG Cuba Unpitched 111.24 Idiophone
Calung COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Xylofoon van bamboe met vijftien toetsen onderdeel van tjalung-ensemble TMnr 1029-11a.jpg Indonesia Pitched 111.232 Idiophone
Carimbo Africa Unpitched Membranophone
Candombe drums 6ta. Llamada de Candombe (6575098947).jpg Uruguay Unpitched Membranophone
Cannon Cannon Riga.JPG Unpitched Pyrophone Used in 1812 Overture
Cantaro CantaroPulqueJarMAPHidalgo01.JPG Mexico
Carillon Saint Joseph's Oratory of Mount-Royal 8126.jpg Low Countries Pitched 111.242.2 Idiophone A type of bell tower inner workings.
Castanets Castanuelas1.jpg Unpitched 111.141 Idiophone
Caxirola Carlinhos Brown com Caxirolas.jpg Brazil Unpitched Idiophone
Caxixi Caxixi.jpg West Africa Unpitched 112.13 African basket rattle
Celesta Helmes Celesta, RCA Studio B.jpg France Pitched 111.222 Idiophone As a keyboard instrument, not part of the percussion section of the orchestra[4]
Chácaras Chakara.JPG Canary Islands Unpitched 111.141 Idiophone
Chenda Chenda.JPG India Unpitched 211.212 Membranophone
Chime bar Bar chime.JPG Pitched 111.221 Idiophone
Chime (bell instrument) CN - Hubei - Wuhan - Hubei Provincial Museum - Chime bells.JPG Pitched 111.242.2 Idiophone
China cymbal China cymbal.jpg Unpitched 111.24 Idiophone
Cimbalom Cimbalom (from Emil Richards Collection).jpg Hungary Pitched Chordophone
Clapper Chaozhouban.jpg Unpitched Idiophone
Clapping Hands-Clapping.jpg Unpitched Idiophone
Clap stick Clapsticks.JPG Australia Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone
Clash cymbals Chinese New Year Seattle 2007 - 25.jpg Unpitched 111.142 Idiophone Better known as crash cymbals
Claves Claves.jpg Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone
Clavichord Clavicorde Lépante.JPG Pitched 314.122-4-8 Chordophone Sound formed by striking the strings, but played as a keyboard instrument
Cocktail drum Cocktail drum.jpg Unpitched Membranophone
Conga Pair of congas.jpg Cuba Unpitched 211.221.1 Membranophone
Cowbell Koebel.jpg Both 111.242 Idiophone Tuned cowbells are known as almglocken or alpine bells[5]
Crotale Cymbal NAM Athens 7959.jpg Both 111.24 Idiophone
Crystallophone Crystallophone (3277689654).jpg Pitched Idiophone
Cuíca Cuica ArM.jpg Disputed Pitched 231.11 Friction Membranophone
Cultrun Cultrun.png Chile Unpitched 321.322 Membranophone
Cup chime Bell splash cymbal.JPG Pitched 111.24 Idiophone The only pitched cymbal, it is identical to a bell cymbal in all but usage
Cymbal Sound Mania.JPG Unpitched 111 Idiophone
Dabakan Dabakan 2.jpg Philippines Unpitched 211 Membranophone, although shape is variously described as goblet, hourglass, conical, or tubular.
Daf COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Enkelvellige lijsttrom met rinkelschijven TMnr 4956-42.jpg Iran Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone Also known as Dafli, Dap, Def, Tef, Defi, Gaval, Duf, and larger ones defi or daire
Damaru Damaru.jpg South Asia Unpitched 212 Membranophone Type of Pellet drum.
Damphu Damfu nepal.jpg Nepal Unpitched Membranophone
Đàn tam thập lục Vietnam Pitched Chordophone Type of hammered dulcimer.
Davul 2009 Ottawa Turkish Festival davul.jpg Unpitched 211.212 Membranophone
Daxophone Daxophone.jpg Germany Pitched 132.1 Friction Idiophone Bowed percussion invented by Hans Reichel
Dayereh Daf-Khalaj.jpg Iran Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone Also known as doyra, dojra, dajre, doira, dajreja
Den-den daiko Dendendaiko.jpg Japan Unpitched 212 Membranophone Type of Pellet drum.
Derkach Ukraine Unpitched 112.24 Idiophone Type of ratchett
Dhaa Nepal Unpitched 211.212 Membranophone
Dhimay Nepal Unpitched 211.212 Membranophone
Dholak Dholak.jpg South Asia Both 211.222.1 Membranophone Also known as dholki, similar to dohl
Dhol 2 dhols.jpg India Both 211.212.1 Membranophone The bass head is pitched, the treble often unpitched, see pitched percussion instruments easily mistaken for unpitched
Dimdi India Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone
Djembe Djembé's.jpg Mandinka Unpitched 211.261.1 Membranophone
Dollu Dollu-kunitha.jpg India Unpitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Đông Sơn drums DrumFromSongDaVietnamDongSonIICultureMid1stMilleniumBCEBronze.jpg Vietnam Bronze drums
Drum DrumMozartRegiment.jpg Membranophone
Drum stick Death DTA Gene Hoglan Motocultor 15 08 2015 02.jpg Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone
Dunun Doundoun.jpg Mandé Both 211.212.1 Membranophone In ballet style playing, a repeating melody is played on three pitched drums
Egg shaker Ganza 10cm.JPG Unpitched 112.13 Idiophone
Ekwe Ekwe.jpg Nigeria Unitched[clarification needed] 111.24 Idiophone A type of slit drum
Electronic drum Simmons SDS5 Electric Drum.jpg England Both 53 Electrophone
Esterilla Colombia Unpitched Idiophone
Ferrinho Bino Branco with Ferrinho.jpg Cape Verde Unpitched Idiophone
Fiddlesticks Emilyplayingthestraws.jpg Chordophone
Finger snapping Unpitched Idiophone
Flexatone Flexatone 2005.jpg Pitched 112.12 Idiophone
Flower drum China Unpitched Idiophone
Fontomfrom Fontomfrom-Orchester EthnM Berlin.jpg Ghana Membranophone
Found object
Frame drum Drums for sale at the National Museum of the American Indian.jpg Unpitched 211.3 Membranophone
Friction drum Rummelpott.jpg Both Membranophone A drum where a stick or chord is drawn through a hole in the membrane to make a sound.
Frog güiro
Galgo Korea Unpitched 211.242.1 Membranophone
Gandingan Gandingan 01.jpg Philippines Unpitched 111.241.2 Idiophone
Ganzá Ganzá.jpg Brazil Unpitched 112.13
Gbedu Yoruba Unpitched Membranophone
Gendèr Traditional indonesian instrument being played at the indonesian embassy.jpg Indonesia Pitched 111.222 Idiophone
Geophone Geophonephoto.jpg France Unpitched Membranophone
Ghatam Ghatam.jpg India Unpitched Idiophone
Glasschord Glasschord by Beyer, 1786.png
Glass harmonica ThomasBlochHandsGlassharmonica low notes on left and high notes on right.jpg United States Pitched 133.2 Idiophone Specifically a friction Idiophone
Glass harp Glasharfenspielerin.jpg Ireland Pitched 133.2 Idiophone Specifically a friction Idiophone
Glockenspiel Glockenspiel.jpg Pitched 111.212 Idiophone
Goblet drum Goblet drum 01.jpg Unpitched 211.261 Membranophone Generic type by construction, see also individual instrument names
Goema South Africa Unpitched Membranophone
Gong Gong.jpg Brunei, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Tibet Pitched 111.241.1 Idiophone
Gong bass drum Gong Drum (from Emil Richards Collection).jpg Japan Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone
Gonguê Gonguê.jpg Brazil Unpitched 111.242 Idiophone
Gudugudu Yoruba Pitched 211.11 Membranophone
Güira Guira from Dominican Repub.jpg Dominican Republic Unpitched 112.23 Idiophone
Güiro Güiro.jpg Cuba, Panama Unpitched 112.23 Idiophone Also known as scraper
Hammered dulcimer Hammered dulcimer.JPG Pitched Chordophone Listed as a stringed instrument in some classifications
Handbell Handbells Whitechapel.jpg England Both 111.242 Idiophone
Handchime Hand Chimes.jpg Pitched 111.231 Idiophone
Hand-repique Hand-repique.jpg Brazil 211.211.1 Membranophone
Handpan Handpans 2020 by Glenn Francis.jpg Pitched 111.24 Idiophone
Hang Panart-freies-integrales-hang.jpg Pitched 111.24 Idiophone
Hi-hat Hihat123.jpg Unpitched 111.142 Idiophone
Hosho Hosho instrument.jpg Zimbabwe Unpitched 112.13 Idiophone
Huiringua Type of slit drum
Hydraulophone Hydraulophone installation at pinehill estates dsc14proc.jpg
Hyoshigi Hyoshigi01.jpg Japan Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone
Igba Unpitched Membranophone
Ikembe Africa Pitched 122.1 Idiophone Lamellophone
Ikoro Ikoro.jpg Nigeria Unpitched 111.24 Idiophone
Ilimba Zimbabwe Unpitched 211.11 Membranophone
Jam block Jam Block on white background.jpg Unpitched 111.2 Idiophone
Janggu / Janggo / Changgo Janggu.jpg Korea Pitched 211.242.1 Membranophone
Jawbone Quijada.jpg Peru Unpitched 112.211 Idiophone
Jew's harp Jew's harp.jpg China Pitched 121.22 Lamellophone
Jhallari Jhallari.JPG India Pitched Chordophone
Jingle Tambourin Détail.jpg
Junjung Serer Royal War Drum (Jung-Jung). 19th Century. Jung-Jung From The Kingdom of Sine (in modern day Senegal).jpg Serer Unpitched Membranophone
Kakko Instrumentos de musica japonesa. El Hing-Ku (1882).jpg Japan Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Kanjira Kanjira.JPG India Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone
Karyenda Gitega drums.JPG
Kebero Lalibela-Drums.jpg Ethiopia Unpitched Membranophone
Kecer Kecer.jpg Indonesia Unpitched 111.142 Idiophone
Kemanak COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Bekken van messing TMnr 2711-1a.jpg Indonesia Pitched 111.24 Idiophone
Kempyang and ketuk Ketuk.jpg Indonesia 111.241.1 Idiophone
Kendang SambaSunda Quintett in Cologne (0253).jpg Southeast Asia Unpitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Kenong COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Model van een gong van koper hangend in een frame onderdeel van een gamelan-orkest TMnr A-4394d.jpg Indonesia Pitched 111.241.2 Idiophone
Kepyak Indonesia Unpitched 111 Idiophone
Keyboard glockenspiel Pitched 111.222 Idiophone A keyboard instrument, not normally part of a percussion section
Khim Chiangmai-market3.jpg South Asia Pitched Chordophone Type of hammered dulcimer
Khol Khol treble.jpg India Unpitched Membranophone
Kirikoketa Kirikoketa kalean.jpg Basque Idiophone
Kisanji Congo Pitched Lamellaphone
Klong khaek Klong khaek.jpg Thailand Unpitched Membranophone
Klong yao Thailand Unpitched Membranophone
Kolotushta Unpitched 232.311 Idiophone
Kouxian 5 Leaf Kouxian.jpg China Both 121.2 Idiophone
Kpanlogo Kpanlogo public domain.jpg Ghana Unpitched 211.221.1 Membranophone
Kulintang Mindanao Bangsamoro Islamic Musical Instruments.jpg Southeast Asia Pitched 111.241.2 Idiophone
Kundu Kundu drum, from Papua-New Guinea, 20th century.jpg, Papua Unpitched 211.222.1 Membranophone Papuan musical instrument
Kus Persia Membranophone Ancient Persian kettledrum
Lambeg Lambegdrumming.jpg Ireland Unpitched 211.212 Membranophone
Lion's roar Unpitched 232.11 Membranophone Has also been referred to as a Chordophone or a Friction drum
Lithophone Organ and Chimes - Caverns of Luray Va 1906 postcard.png Global Pitched Idiophone Either natural or placed rock formations which produce differing tones when struck.
Lujon Lujon (from Emil Richards Collection).jpg United States Pitched 111.222 Idiophone Bass Metalophone
Lummi stick Native American Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone
Madal Madal nepal krish.jpg Nepal Unpitched Membranophone
Maddale Maddale.jpg India Unpitched 211.222 Membranophonre
Madhalam Maddalam.jpg India Unpitched Mambranophone
Maktoum Unpitched Membranophone
Makuta Cuba Unpitched Membranophone
Malimbe Congo Pitched 111.212 Idiophone
Mangey Middle East Unpitched Membranophone
Maraca Maracas.jpg Venezuela Unpitched 112.13 Idiophone
Maram (drum) Maram.jpg India Membranophone
Marching machine Unpitched 111.212 Idiophone [6]
Marimba Marimba-Antonko-AMC12.jpg Africa, Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, & Costa Rica Pitched 111.212 Idiophone
Marímbula Marimbula player.jpg Caribbean Pitched 122.1 Idiophone
Mark tree Meinl CH-12 Chimes.jpg United States Unpitched 111.232 Idiophone Also known as a chime tree or bar chimes
Mbira Mbira dzavadzimu 1.jpg Africa Pitched 122.1 Idiophone African musical instrument, a type of plucked idiophone (lamellophone)
Metallophone Metalófono.JPG Asia Pitched 111.222 Idiophone
Metronome Andalusia/Germany unpitched Idiophone Mechanical
Mirwas COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Dubbelvellige cilindrische trom TMnr 1081-26.jpg Bahrain, Brunei, Indonesia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen Both Membranophone
Monkey stick Photo of a group of Mendoza's or Monkey Sticks.jpg England Unpitched 112.12 Idiophone Also known as mendoza or lagerphone
Mridangam Wiki-mridangam.jpg India Pitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Musical saw Musical saw 2.jpg Pitched 132.1 Friction Idiophone
Nagara Зурна гоша нагара нагара.jpg Asia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan, Iran, Turkey, Turkmenistan Unpitched Membranophone
Naqara Sack of a city.jpg Mongolia Unpitched Membranophone Large battle drum
Naqareh Iraqi Naqqarat.jpg Azerbaijan, India, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Unpitched Membranophone
Naqus Morocco Idiophone
Ngoma drums Bundesarchiv Bild 105-DOA0543, Deutsch-Ostafrika, Ngoma-Schlagen.jpg Africa Unpitched Membranophone
North Drums Prof-pic-HardRockCasinoLV.jpg United States Unpitched Membranophone
Ocean drum Unpitched
Octa-Vibraphone Pitched Idiophone
Octoban Octobans.jpg Japan Both 211.211.1 Membranophone
Omele Nigeria
Onavillu Onavillu.jpg India Pitched Chordophone
Ōtsuzumi Japanese small hand drum,kotsudumi,katori-city,japan.JPG Japan Pitched 211.242.1 Membranophone
Padayani thappu Hand-thappu.jpg India Unpitched Membranophone
Pahu Drum (pahu) LACMA M.2008.66.11.jpg Hawaii Unpitched Membranophone
Pahū pounamu Richard Nunns 17.jpg New Zealand Unpitched Idiophone Traditional Maori gong.
Paiban Chaozhouban.jpg China Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone
Paila criolla Cuba Unpitched Membranophone
Pakhavaj Pakhawaj.JPG India pitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Pambai A close-up of Pambai 1.JPG India Unpitched Membranophone
Pandeiro Pandeiro.JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone
Pandero jarocho Mexico Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone Octagonal Tambourine
Pantalon Pantaleon-Clavier (Nachbau).jpg Europe Pitched Chordophone A type of hammered dulcimer.
Pellet drum Dendendaiko.jpg Unpitched 212 Membranophone
Pixiphone Pixiphone chromatic.jpg England Pitched 111.212 Idiophone
Practice pad Practicepad.jpg Unpitched
Plasmaphone Electric plasmaphone instrument.jpg United States
Pyrophone Pyrophone (2).JPG
Quadrangularis Reversum Quadrangularis Reversum.jpg United States Pitched 111.212 Idiophone
Quintephone Quintephone brainwave regen poster colour.jpg
Rainstick Rainstick 01.png Mexico Unpitched 112.13 Idiophone Subclassed as a combination Shaken Idiophone and Individual friction vessel
Rakatak Rakatak.jpg Ghana Unpitched 234.345 Idiophone
Ranat ek Ranat ek.jpg Thailand Pitched Idiophone
Ranat ek lek Ranat ek lek.jpg Thailand Pitched Idiophone
Ranat thum Ranat thum.jpg Thailand Pitched Idiophone
Ranat thum lek Ranat thum lek.jpg Thailand Pitched Idiophone
Ratchet Rehtacka.jpg Unpitched 112.24 Idiophone
Rattle Rattle nima2.JPG Unpitched 112.13 Idiophone
Ravanne Mauritias Unpitched
Rebana COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Enkelvellige lijsttrom met rinkelschijven TMnr 1032-2.jpg Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia Both 211.311 Membranophone
Repique Repinique.JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Ring of bells Beckwithshaw belfry 012.JPG Pitched Idiophone
Ring-repique Brazil Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Ringing rocks Ringing Rocks.jpg Idiophone
Riq Riqq.jpg Middle East Unpitched Membranophone
Rock gong Ethiopian Lithophones with Stand, Monastery of Na’akuto La’ab (3425530734).jpg Both 111.22 Idiophone A type of constructed Lithophone
Rototom Rototom 1.jpg United States Both 211.311 Membranophone classified it as no handle although it is usually mounted
Sabar Sabar-Lamb.jpg Senegal, The Gambia Unpitched Membranophone
Sakara Yoruba Unpitched Membranophone
Salterio Salterio.jpg Europe Pitched Chordophone
Sambal Indian drummer.JPG India Unpitched Membranophone
Samphor Cambodia Unpitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Sand blocks Sanding blocks.jpg Unpitched 13 Idiophone
Santoor Indian santoor musician.jpg South Asia Pitched Chordophone
Santur Iraqi Santur Player.jpg Iran Pitched Chordophone Type of hammered dulcimer.
Saron Demung Saron Peking, STSI Surakarta.jpg Indonesia Pitched 111.222 Idiophone Size from smallest to largest is Saron panerus, Saron barung,

Saron demung.

Scabellum Scabellum.jpg Ancient Rome Unpitched Often used by the aulos players
Semantron A01 5873.JPG Both Idiophone Used to summon monastics to prayer
Shekere Shekere.jpg Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cuba, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Senegal Unpitched 112.122 Idiophone
Shime-daiko Shime Daiko drum - Shime Taiko Trommel.jpg Japan Unpitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Shishi-odoshi Shishi-odishi-2.jpg Japan
Shōko Shoko.JPG Japan Unpitched Idiophone
Sikulu Congo
Silex Piano Pitched Idiophone Lithophone
Singing bowl Nepalese singing bowl.JPG Himalayas Pitched 111.242.11 Idiophone
Siren (alarm) Thunder Bolt siren 1000.jpg Scotland Both Electrophone
Skrabalai Skrabalai.gif Lithuania Pitched 111.242.222 Idiophone
Skull Idiophone
Sleigh bells 3 sleigh bells.jpg Unpitched 112.112 Idiophone Jingle bells
Slenthem COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Metallofoon met veertien toetsen onderdeel van gamelan Slendro TMnr 500-4.jpg Indonesia Pitched 111.222 Idiophone
Slit drum TamTam.jpg Both 111.24 Idiophone
Snare drum Pearl MCX snare drum.JPG Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Song bells Song Bells (Deagan).jpg Pitched Idiophone
Sounding stone Yunban at Fa yuan temple.jpg China Idiophone
Spoon Cuillère instrument.jpg Greece, Russia, Turkey Unpitched 111.14 Idiophone
Steelpan Aasteeldrum.jpg Trinidad & Tobago Pitched 111.241.12 and 111.241.22 Idiophone[7] Also known as steel drum
Stomp box MDMII.jpg Unpitched 111.24 Idiophone
Stone marimba Stone marimba (from Emil Richards Collection).jpg Pitched Idiophone Lithophone
Suikinkutsu Suikinkutsu.jpg Japan
Surdo Surdo.JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Suspended cymbal 2006-07-06 splash 10.jpg Unpitched 111.24 Idiophone
Taal India Unpitched 111 Also: manjira, karatalas
Tabla Tabla-Paar (Cweiss).jpg India Pitched 211.221.2 Membranophone See pitched percussion instruments easily mistaken for unpitched
Tabla tarang India Pitched Membranophone
Taiko Taiko.jpg Japan Unpitched 211 Membranophone Refers to traditional Japanese drums in general.
Talempong Talempong.jpg Indonesia Pitched Idiophone
Talking drum TalkingDrum.jpg West Africa Pitched 211.242.11 Membranophone Has a sound that mimics the human voice
Tambora Tambora dominicana.jpg Dominican Republic Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Tamborim Tamborim.JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone
Tamborita calentana Mexico Unpitched Membranophone
Tambourine Meinl CTA2B-BK Tambourine.jpg Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone But the headless tambourine is an idiophone
Tan-tan Tamtam2.JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.211.1 Membranophone
Tap shoe Tapshoes.jpg Unpitched 111.222 Idiophone
Taphon Thai taphon.jpg Thailand Unpitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Tar (drum) COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Lijsttrom TMnr 3827-29.jpg Saudi Arabia Unpitched 211.311 Membranophone
Tassa India Unpitched Membranophone Type of kettle drum
Taxi Horn Horn (instrument).jpg Both Aerophone
Tbilat Tbilat,Marokko2.jpg Morocco, Saudi Arabia Unpitched Membranophone
Teponaztli Teponaztli.jpg El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico Both 111.24 Idiophone
Thappu India Unpitched Membranophone
Thavil Thavilplayer.jpg India Unpitched 211.222.1 Membranophone
Thunder sheet Unpitched 111.221 Idiophone
Tifa (drum) Penabuh Tifa dalam Suling Tambur.jpg Maluku Islands New Guinea Unpitched 211.221 Membranophone

211.231 Membranophone

211.251 Membranophone

Three kinds: a barrel drum, an hourglass drum and a goblet drum. Not pitched but tone can be changed with wax on drumhead
Timbal Timbal.JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.251.1 Membranophone
Timbales Timbalesy HLTBR-1011 firmy Hayman cropped.jpg Cuba Unpitched 211.212.2 Membranophone
Timpani USAFE Band timpanist.jpg Pitched 211.11-922 Membranophone Also called kettle drums
Tingsha Tingsha.jpg Tibet Unpitched 111.142 Idiophone
Tom-tom drum Tom-tom 12x8.jpg Pitched 211.211.1 Membranophone
Tombak Tombak.JPG Iran Unpitched 211.261.1 Membranophone Persian, also known as tombak, donbak and dombak, and as Tombakh Naar in Kashmir
Triangle Triangle 001.jpg Cajuns Unpitched 111 Idiophone
Triccaballacca Italy Unpitched Idiophone
Tsuzumi Japanese small hand drum,kotsudumi,katori-city,japan.JPG Japan Pitched 211.242.1 Membranophone
Tsymbaly Ukraine Pitched Chordophone Type of hammer dulcimer.
Tubular bells Chimes at XULA.jpg Pitched 111.232 Idiophone
Tumba Unpitched Membranophone
Turntable IIDX - Turntable.jpg Both 53 Electrophone
Tumdak' A Santal drummer playing Tumda.jpg India Unpitched Membranophone
Turkish crescent Osmanischer Schellenbaum.jpg Unpitched Idiophone
Txalaparta Txalaparta performance.JPG Basque Pitched 111.222 Idiophone
Udu Udu.jpg Nigeria Unpitched Idiophone Also classed as an implosive Aerophone.
Vibraphone Vibraphone.jpg United States Pitched 111.222 Idiophone
Vibraslap Vibraslap.JPG United States Unpitched 112 Idiophone
Washboard WashboardPiano.JPG Cajuns, United States Unpitched 132.1 Idiophone
Whip Ludwig Slapstick.JPG Unpitched 111.11 Idiophone Also known as slapstick
Whistle Pea Whistle.jpg Unpitched Aerophone
Wind chime Chime closeup.jpg Unpitched 111.232 Idiophone Borderline as pitched or unpitched, as a melody can sometimes be perceived
Wind machine Ravensburg Konzerthaus Historische Klangerzeuger Windmaschine.jpg Unpitched 13 Idiophone
Wobble board Australia
Wood block WoodBlock.jpg Unpitched 111.24 Idiophone
Wooden fish Mokugyo.jpg China Both 111.24 Idiophone [5][8]
Xylophone Xylophone.jpg Ghana, Uganda, Zambia Pitched 111.212 Idiophone The xylophone is a musical instrument in the percussion family that consists of wooden bars struck by mallets
Xylorimba Xylorimba (from Emil Richards Collection).jpg Pitched 111.212 Idiophone
Yangqin Yangqin1.jpg China Pitched Chordophone Type of hammered dulcimer.
Yuka Congo Unpitched Membranophone Made from a hollowed out avocado trunk with a leather membrane.
Zabumba Alfaias, zabumbas e surdo.JPG Brazil Unpitched 211.212.1 Membranophone
Zatula Ukraine Unpitched 112.2 Idiophone
Zill Finger cymbals.jpg Asia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey Unpitched 111.142 Idiophone Also known as finger cymbal

See also[edit]

Top-level articles[edit]

Subgroups of percussion instruments[edit]


Only the more significant subcategories are shown


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-28. Retrieved 2014-10-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) retrieved March 13, 2012: The tubes are carefully whittled and cut by a master craftsperson to produce certain notes when the bamboo frame is shaken or tapped.
  2. ^ Blades, James; Holland, James (2001). "Anvil : Grove Music Online - oi". Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.01068. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Brazilian Samba". Retrieved 2015-09-07.
  4. ^ retrieved March 13, 2012: Although treated as a member of the percussion section in orchestral terms, the celesta is played by a pianist, the part being normally written on two bracketed staves.
  5. ^ a b Archived 2014-09-08 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 13 March 2012 There are lots of tuned percussion instruments. Among the most common are the xylophone, marimba, the glockenspiel, the cowbells and the temple blocks. Other authorities cited here however say that temple blocks are not considered pitched instruments.
  6. ^ Retrieved 16 March 2012. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Revision of the Hornbostel-Sachs Classification of Musical Instruments by the MIMO Consortium
  8. ^ retrieved 13 March 2012: Although temple blocks are not considered pitched instruments, they can produce discernable pitches, and some temple blocks are actually tuned to the pentatonic scale. Other authorities cited here however say that temple blocks are tuned percussion.