List of pest-repelling plants

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This list of pest-repelling plants includes plants used for their ability to repel insects, nematodes, and other pests. They have been used in companion planting as pest control in agricultural and garden situations, and in households.

Certain plants have shown effectiveness as topical repellents for haematophagous insects, such as the use of lemon eucalyptus in PMD, but incomplete research and misunderstood applications can produce variable results.[1]

The essential oils of many plants are also well known for their pest-repellent properties. Oils from the families Lamiaceae (mints), Poaceae (true grasses), and Pinaceae (pines) are common haematophagous insect repellents worldwide.[1]

Table of pest-repelling plants[edit]

Plants that can be planted or used fresh to repel pests include:

Plant Image Pests
Artemisias Artemisia californica01.jpg repels insects,[2] including ants, cabbage looper, cabbage maggot, carrot fly, codling moth, flea beetles, whiteflies, the Cabbage White, and the Small White, as well as mice[3]
Basil BasilikumGenovesergroßblättriger.jpg repels flies, including mosquitoes[2][4] the carrot fly, asparagus beetles and whiteflies[3]
Borage Flora della Sardegna 145 (4).JPG repels tomato hornworm and cabbage worms[2]
Castor bean Castor beans1.jpg repels moles[3]
Catnip Die Katzenminze lat. Nepeta 05.jpg repels ants, flea beetles, aphids, the Japanese beetle, squash bugs, weevils,[2] the Colorado potato beetle, the cabbage looper,[3] and cockroaches.[4] May attract cats.
Chamomile Matricaria chamomilla (44223003701).jpg repels flying insects[4]
Chives Allium schoenoprasum19794237.jpg repels carrot fly, Japanese beetle,[2] and aphids[3]
Chrysanthemums Chrysanthemum x grandiflorum 03.jpg repel roaches, ants, the Japanese beetle, ticks, silverfish, lice, fleas, bedbugs, and root-knot nematodes[2]
Citronella grass Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus) 1.jpg repels insects, may deter cats[5]
Citrosa Starr 070906-8721 Pelargonium graveolens.jpg proven not to repel mosquitoes[6]
Clovers Trifolium repens macro.jpg repel aphids and wireworms[3]
Common lantana .00 3681 Wandelröschen (Lantana camara).jpg repels mosquitoes[1]
Coriander Coriandrum sativum 002.JPG repels aphids, Colorado potato beetle, and spider mites[3]
Cosmos Cosmos bipinnatus1.jpg repel the corn earworm
Crown imperial Nature of Iran Travel from Shiraz to Isfahan, Iran (41249734141).jpg repel rabbits, mice, moles, voles and ground squirrels[7]
Dahlias Dahlia tenuicaulis - San Francisco Botanical Garden - DSC00015.JPG repel nematodes[2]
Dill Dille.jpg repels aphids, squash bugs, spider mites,[2] the cabbage looper, and the Small White[3]
Epazote Dysphania ambrosioides kz02.jpg repels spider mites,[8] thrips aphids, and whitefly[9]
Eucalyptus Eucalyptus flowers2.jpg repels aphids, the cabbage looper, and the Colorado potato beetle[3]
Fennel Foeniculum vulgare A.jpg repels aphids, slugs, and snails[3]
Fever tea repels mosquitoes[1]
Four o'clocks Marvel-of-peru 1.jpg attract and poison the Japanese beetle[2]
French marigold French marigold garden 2009 G1.jpg repels whiteflies, kills nematodes[2]
Garlic Allium ursinum (Wild Garlic).jpg repels root maggots,[2] cabbage looper, Mexican bean beetle, and peach tree borer.
Geranium Geranium Brutium 01.JPG repel leafhoppers, the corn earworm, and the Small White[3]
Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis 3c.JPG repels the cabbage looper and the Small White[3]
Larkspurs Delphinium cv3.jpg repel aphids[3]
Lavender Bees And Lavender (122278569).jpeg repels moths, scorpions, water scorpions, fleas, and flies, including mosquitoes[4]
Leek Mystery variegated plant (15235908647).jpg repels carrot fly[3]
Lemongrass Cymbopogon schoenanthus.jpg repels mosquitoes[10]
Lemon balm Melissa officinalis, 2020-07-11, Beechview, 02.jpg repels mosquitoes[4]
Lemon thyme Starr 070906-8846 Thymus citriodorus.jpg repels mosquitoes[4]
Lettuce Romaine lettuce J2.jpg repels carrot fly[3]
Lime basil Ocimum americanum-2428 - Flickr - Ragnhild & Neil Crawford.jpg repels mosquitoes[1]
Mexican marigold Tagete erecta.jpg repels insects and rabbits[2]
Myrrh Myrrh-20180430.jpg repels insects[5]
Narcissus Narcissus papyraceus, Paperwhite Narcissus.jpg repel moles[3]
Nasturtiums Nasturtium-Tropaeolum.jpg repel squash bugs,[2] aphids (though there is conflicting information with some sources stating it attracts aphids),[11] many beetles, and the cabbage looper[3]
Onion Onion crop.jpg repels rabbits, the cabbage looper, and the Small White[3]
Oregano Ruhland, Grenzstr. 3, Faulbaum-Bläuling Weibchen auf Oregano-Blüten, Sommer, 03.jpg repellent to many pests[3]
Parsley Parsley bush.jpg repels asparagus beetles[3]
Peppermint Pfefferminze natur peppermint.jpg repels aphids, cabbage looper, flea beetles, squash bugs, whiteflies, and the Small White[3]
Petunias Petunia 02.jpg repel aphids, tomato hornworm, asparagus beetles, leafhoppers,[2] and squash bugs[3]
Pitcher plants Kinabalu Mesilau N. rajah upper pitcher plant 2 new.jpg traps and ingests insects
Radish Radish.jpg repels cabbage maggot and cucumber beetles[3]
Rosemary Rosemary in bloom.JPG repels cabbage looper, carrot fly, cockroaches and mosquitoes,[12] slugs, snails, as well as the Mexican bean beetle[3]
Russian sage Perovskia atriplicifolia 3.jpg repels wasps
Rue Ruta graveolens3.jpg repels cucumber and flea beetles
Sarracenia pitcher plants Sarracenia leucophylla at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden (81396).jpg are especially proficient at trapping yellowjacket wasps
Spearmint Lamiaceae Mentha spicata 1.jpg repels fleas, moths, ants, beetles, rodents,[4] aphids, squash bugs, and the cabbage looper[3]
Spiny amaranth Amaranthus spinosus (3098038658).jpg repels cutworms
Stone root Collinsonia canadensis SCA-4392.jpg repels mosquitoes[5]
Summer savory Satureja hortensis bgiu.jpg repels bean beetles[3]
Tansy Tansy-حشيشة الدود الشائعة.jpg repels ants, many beetles and flies, squash bugs, cutworms, Small White, and Cabbage White[3]
Thyme Wild thyme, Chapel Hill - geograph.org.uk - 2502840.jpg repels cabbage looper, cabbage maggot, corn earworm, whiteflies, tomato hornworm, and Small White
Tobacco 0281Tobacco fields in Laoac, Pangasinan 06.jpg repels carrot fly, flea beetles and worms.[3]
Tomato Tomato2 002.jpg repels asparagus beetles[3]
Venus flytrap Venus flytrap - Dionaea muscipula - panoramio.jpg ingests insects[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Maia MF, Moore SJ (March 2011). "Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development and testing". Malaria Journal. 10 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1): S11. doi:10.1186/1475-2875-10-S1-S11. PMC 3059459. PMID 21411012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Hummel, K. Use plants for pest control. Archived 2015-02-14 at the Wayback Machine Coles County Yard and Garden. University of Illinois Extension.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Companion Planting" (PDF). Cornell Cooperative Extension. Chemung County. May 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 29, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Clarke, C. Indoor pest-repellent plants. SFGate: San Francisco Chronicle.
  5. ^ a b c Plants help keep mosquitoes away. Colorado State University & Denver County Extension Master Gardener. 2010.
  6. ^ "Mosquito Plant, Pelargonium Citrosum - The Citrosa Plant". 2015-06-08. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  7. ^ Diana Beresford-Kroeger (2004). A Garden for Life: The Natural Approach to Designing, Planting, and Maintaining a North Temperate Garden. p. 171. ISBN 9780472030125.
  8. ^ Chiasson, H.; Bostanian, N. J.; Vincent, C. (August 2004). "Acaricidal properties of a Chenopodium-based botanical". Journal of Economic Entomology. 97 (4): 1373–1377. doi:10.1093/jee/97.4.1373. ISSN 0022-0493. PMID 15384350.
  9. ^ Chiasson, H.; Vincent, C.; Bostanian, N. J. (August 2004). "Insecticidal properties of a Chenopodium-based botanical". Journal of Economic Entomology. 97 (4): 1378–1383. doi:10.1093/jee/97.4.1378. ISSN 0022-0493. PMID 15384351.
  10. ^ "12 plants that repel unwanted insects". 2014-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  11. ^ "Managing Pests in Gardens: Floriculture: Nasturtium—UC IPM".
  12. ^ "5 Herbs That Keep Bugs Away". 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2018-08-04.