List of placental mammals

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Over 70% of mammal species are in the orders Rodentia (blue), Chiroptera (red), and Soricomorpha (yellow)

List of placental mammals contains the placental mammals. The class Mammalia (mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: Monotremes, which lay eggs, and therians, mammals which give live birth, which has two infraclasses: Marsupials, pouched mammals and placental mammals. See List of monotremes and marsupials, and for the clades and families, see mammal classification. Classification updated from Wilson and Reeder's Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference using the Planet' Mammifères website.[1]

Infraclass Metatheria (Marsupials)[edit]

Infraclass Eutheria (Placentals)[edit]

Order Afrosoricida (Tenrecs & golden moles)[edit]

A tenrec

Order Macroscelidea (Elephant Shrews)[edit]

Elephant Shrew Rhynchocyon petersi

The Elephant Shrew has 19 species in 4 genera.

Order Tubulidentata (Aardvarks)[edit]

Aardvark (Orycteropus afer)

Order Hyracoidea (Hyraxes)[edit]

Cape hyrax (Procavia capensis

Order Proboscidea (Elephants)[edit]

African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana))

Order Sirenia (Dugongs & manatees)[edit]

West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus)

Order Cingulata (Armadillos)[edit]

Armadillo Glyptotherium restoration

Order Pilosa[edit]

10 extant species in 4 families, all in the Americas, comprising anteaters and sloths.

Silky anteater

Suborder Vermilingua (Anteaters)[edit]

Suborder Folivora (Sloths)[edit]

Order Scandentia (Treeshrews)[edit]

There are 20 species placed in five genera; all are from Southeast Asia.

Order Dermoptera (Colugos)[edit]

Sunda flying lemur

Order Primates[edit]

Galago Otolemur crassicaudatus

Order Rodentia[edit]

Order Lagomorpha[edit]

Desert cottontail Sylvilagus audubonii

Order Eulipotyphla[edit]

Four-toed hedgehog
North African hedgehog
Southern African hedgehog

Order Chiroptera (Bats)[edit]

Large-eared pied bat

Order Pholidota (Pangolins)[edit]

An Indian pangolin

Order Cetacea[edit]


Collie dog

Order Perissodactyla (Odd-toed ungulates)[edit]

Tibetan wild ass

Known as odd-toed ungulates, their rear hooves consist of an odd number of toes.

Suborder Hippomorpha[edit]

Suborder Ceratomorpha[edit]

Order Artiodactyla (Even-toed ungulates)[edit]

Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus

These are the Even-toed ungulate

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Boudet Ch. "Planet' Mammiferes". Planet' Mammiferes. 4.1 of 2013/12/23. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  2. ^ Smit, H.A.; Robinson, T.J.; Watson, J.; Jansen Van Vuuren, B. (October 2008). "A new species of elephant-shrew (Afrotheria:Macroselidea: Elephantulus) from South Africa". Journal of Mammalogy. 89 (5): 1257–1269. doi:10.1644/07-MAMM-A-254.1. 
  3. ^ "AFP: Shrew's who: New mammal enters the book of life". Google. January 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-02-04. Retrieved February 2010.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)