List of placental mammals

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Over 70% of mammal species are in the orders Rodentia (blue), Chiroptera (red), and Soricomorpha (yellow)

List of placental mammals contains the placental mammals. The class Mammalia (mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: Monotremes, which lay eggs, and therians, mammals which give live birth, which has two infraclasses: Marsupials, pouched mammals and placental mammals. See List of monotremes and marsupials, and for the clades and families, see mammal classification.



Family Tenrecidae (tenrecs)[edit]

A tenrec

Subfamily Geogalinae[edit]

Subfamily Oryzorictinae[edit]

Subfamily Potamogalinae[edit]

Subfamily Tenrecinae[edit]

Family Chrysochloridae (golden moles)[edit]

Golden mole)

Subfamily Chrysochlorinae[edit]

Subfamily Amblysominae[edit]


Elephant Shrew Rhynchocyon petersi

The Elephant Shrew has 19 species in 4 genera.

Family Macroscelidea[edit]


Aardvark (Orycteropus afer)

Family Orycteropodidae[edit]


Cape hyrax (Procavia capensis

Family Procaviidae[edit]


African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana))

Family Elephantidae[edit]


West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus)

Family Dugongidae[edit]

Family Trichechidae[edit]


Armadillo Glyptotherium restoration

Family Dasypodidae: Armadillos[edit]

Subfamily Dasypodinae[edit]

Subfamily Euphractinae[edit]

Subfamily Tolypeutinae[edit]

Family Glyptodontidae: glyptodonts[edit]

Family Pampatheriidae: pampatheres[edit]


10 extant species in 4 families, all in the Americas, comprising anteaters and sloths.

Family Cyclopedidae[edit]

Silky anteater

Family Myrmecophagidae[edit]

Family Bradypodidae: three-toed sloths[edit]

Brown-throated sloth

Family Megalonychidae: two-toed sloths and extinct megalonychid ground sloths[edit]

Family †Megatheriidae: megatheriid ground sloths[edit]

  • Genus megatheriid

Family †Mylodontidae: mylodontid ground sloths[edit]

  • Genus mylodontid

Family †Nothrotheriidae: nothrotheriid ground sloths[edit]

  • Genus nothrotheriid

Scandentia: Treeshrews[edit]

There are 20 species placed in five genera; all are from Southeast Asia.

Family Tupaiidae[edit]

A tupaiidae

Family Ptilocercidae[edit]

Dermoptera: Colugo[edit]

Sunda flying lemur

Family Cynocephalidae[edit]


Galago Otolemur crassicaudatus
Main article: List of primates


Main article: List of rodents


Desert Cottontail Sylvilagus audubonii


Hedgehogs; Gymnures

†Family Amphilemuridae[edit]

Family Erinaceidae[edit]

Subfamily Erinaceinae (Hedgehogs)[edit]

Four-toed hedgehog
North African hedgehog
Southern African hedgehog

Subfamily Galericinae (Gymnures, or Moonrats)[edit]


List of placental mammals in Order Soricomorpha


Large-eared pied bat
Main article: List of bats


Family †Epoicotheriidae[edit]

Family †Metacheiromyidae[edit]

Family Pangolin[edit]

Subfamily †Eurotamanduinae[edit]

Subfamily Maninae[edit]

An Indian pangolin


Main article: List of cetaceans


Collie dog


Tibetan wild ass

Known as odd-toed ungulates, their rear hooves consist of an odd number of toes.

Suborder Hippomorpha[edit]

Family Equidae: horses and allies[edit]

Suborder Ceratomorpha[edit]

Family Tapiridae: tapirs[edit]

Family Rhinocerotidae: rhinoceroses[edit]

Sumatran Rhinos


Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus

These are the Even-toed ungulate


  1. ^ Smit, H.A.; Robinson, T.J.; Watson, J.; Jansen Van Vuuren, B. (October 2008). "A new species of elephant-shrew (Afrotheria:Macroselidea: Elephantulus) from South Africa". Journal of Mamology 89 (5): 1257–1269. doi:10.1644/07-MAMM-A-254.1. 
  2. ^ "AFP: Shrew's who: New mammal enters the book of life". Google. January 2008. Retrieved February 2010. 
  3. ^ Guillaume Billet, Lionel Hautier, Christian de Muizon and Xavier Valentin (2011). "Oldest cingulate skulls provide congruence between morphological and molecular scenarios of armadillo evolution". Proceedings of the Royal Society 278. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2443.