40 of the 118 chemical elements have names associated with, or specifically named for, places around the world or among astronomical objects. 32 of these have names tied to the Earth and the other 8 have names connected to bodies in the Solar System. The first tables below list the terrestrial locations (excluding the entire Earth itself, taken as a whole) and the last table lists astronomical objects which the chemical elements are named after.
40 elements have names connected to places, with 31 found around the world (not counting the planet as a whole), and 9 among bodies in the Solar System. Countries with elements named for them are colored in, as with US states having this honor. Other locations are indicated with lines if smaller, or are enclosed if larger. Inset at the bottom is a diagram of outer space. The Sun, Moon and half of the planets along with two asteroids and Pluto are the 9 with connections to element names. The other half of the planets (Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) do not have any connection. The connection to Mercury is an indirect one. The connection with beryllium to India is likewise indirect. (Inset graphic is adapted from the Pioneer plaque.)
^ - "The element was named after the United States of America."
^ - "Four other countries have elements named after them: francium for France, germanium for Germany, polonium for Poland, and americium for the United States."
^ - "Americium (95 Am): Named for (the United States of) America, the land where the element was discovered during the course of the Manhattan Project, the US-led World War II programme that would develop the first atomic bomb."
^ - "The element is named after America, especially the United States of America."
^Olivelle, Patrick (2006), Between the Empires, Society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE, page 463, Oxford University Press.