List of planetary nebulae

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The following is an incomplete list of known planetary nebulae.

Northern Hemisphere[edit]

Image Name Messier Catalogue NGC Other designation Date discovered Distance (kly) Apparent Magnitude (visual) Constellation
NGC6751.jpg NGC 6751 6.5 11.9 Aquila
NGC 6210 HST.tif NGC 6210 4.7 9.3 Hercules
Ngc40.jpg NGC 40 1788 3.5 11.4 Cepheus
Ngc3242b.jpg Ghost of Jupiter NGC 3242 1785 1.4 8.6 Hydra
NGC 6826HSTFull.jpg Blinking Planetary NGC 6826 2.0 8.8 Cygnus
M27 - Dumbbell Nebula.jpg Dumbbell Nebula M27 NGC 6853 1764 1.36 +0.16
−0.21
7.5 Vulpecula
M57 The Ring Nebula.JPG Ring Nebula M57 NGC 6720 1779 2.3 +1.5
−0.7
9 Lyra
Ngc2392.jpg Eskimo Nebula NGC 2392 1787 2.9 (approx.) 10.1 Gemini
NGC6543.jpg Cat's Eye Nebula NGC 6543 1786 3.3 ± 0.9 9.8B Draco
Littleghostnebula.jpg Little Ghost Nebula NGC 6369 1800 (prior to) 9.9 Ophiuchus
Medusa nebula.jpg Medusa Nebula 1955 1.0 (approx.) 15.99 Gemini
NGC 7027HSTFull.jpg NGC 7027 1878 3.0 (approx.) 10 Cygnus
NGC 7293.jpg Helix Nebula NGC 7293 1824 0.68 +0.15
−0.08
7.6 Aquarius
M76-RL5-DDmin-Gamma-LRGB 883x628.jpg Little Dumbbell Nebula M76 NGC 650, NGC 651 1780 3.4 (approx.) 10.1 Perseus
M97.jpg Owl Nebula M97 NGC 3587 1781 2.6 (approx.) 9.9 Ursa Major
Planetary Nebula M2-9.jpg Twin Jet Nebula or
Butterfly Nebula
M2-9 1947 2.1 14.7 Ophiuchus
Minkowski 92.jpg Footprint Nebula M1-92 1946 15.0 (maximum) 11.7 Cygnus
NGC2346.jpg Butterfly Nebula NGC 2346 1802 3.9 (approx.) 11.9 Monoceros
Abell 39.jpg Abell 39 1955 6.8 (approx.) 13.7 Hercules
Jones-Emberson1HunterWilson.jpg Jones-Emberson 1 PK 164+31.1 1939 1.6 (approx.) 14.0 Lynx
IC3568.jpg Lemon Slice Nebula IC 3568 1918 4.5 (approx.) 12 Camelopardalis
Soap Bubble Nebula PN G75.5 1.7 2008 4 (approx.) Cygnus
IC2149PLN01a.jpg IC 2149 1906 3.6 10.6 Auriga
IC 4593.png IC 4593 1907 12 10.84 Hercules
IC 4997-HST-R555GB814.png IC 4997 8 11 Sagitta
NGC 246.jpg Skull Nebula NGC 246 1785 1.6 8 Cetus
NGC 1501.jpg NGC 1501 1787 4.2 13 Camelopardalis
NGC1514.jpg NGC 1514 1790 2.2 9.4 Taurus
NGC2022.jpg NGC 2022 1785 7 (approx.) 12.8 Orion
NGC 2371.png NGC 2371 1785 4.3 13 Gemini
NGC 6572.jpg NGC 6572 1825 2.5 8.1 Ophiuchus
NGC-6781.jpg NGC 6781 1788 2.5 11.4 Aquila
Ngc6790 (1).jpg NGC 6790 1882 11 10.5 Aquila
NGC 6881 HST.jpg NGC 6881 1881 13.8 Cygnus
NGC 6884.jpg NGC 6884 1883 6.5 10.9 Cygnus
NGC 6891.jpg NGC 6891 1884 7.2 10.5 Delphinus
NGC 6905 - VLT(FORS2) - RHaBOIII.png NGC 6905 1784 7.5 (approx.) 10.9 Delphinus
N7008s.jpg Fetus Nebula NGC 7008 1787 2.7 12 Cygnus
NGC 7662 "Blue Snowball".jpg Blue Snowball Nebula NGC 7662 1784 8.6 Delphinus
Abell78s.jpg Abell 78 1966 13 Cygnus
Abell31s.jpg Abell 31 1955 2 12.2 Cancer
Kronberger 61.jpg Soccer Ball Nebula Kronberger 61 2011 13 18.4 Cygnus

Southern Hemisphere[edit]

Image Name Messier Catalogue NGC Other designation Date discovered Distance (kly) Apparent Magnitude (visual) Constellation
Hen2-47.jpg Hen 2-47 6.6 Carina
NGC6537.jpg Red Spider Nebula NGC 6537 1888 (prior to) 3.9 (approx.) 11.9 Sagittarius
NGC 6565.jpg NGC 6565 Sagittarius
NGC 6302 Hubble 2009.full.jpg Bug Nebula NGC 6302 1888 (prior to) 3.4 ± 0.5 7.1B Scorpius
NGC 7009 Hubble.jpg Saturn Nebula NGC 7009 1782 3.0 (approx.) 8.0 Aquarius
NGC 3132.jpg Eight-burst Nebula NGC 3132 1888 (prior to) 2.6 (approx.) 9.87 Vela
N2438s-crop.jpg NGC 2438 1786 2.9 (approx.) 11.5 Puppis
Retinanebel.jpg Retina Nebula IC 4406 1888-1907 2.0 (approx.) Lupus
Ngc 2440.jpg NGC 2440 1790 3.6 (approx.) 9.3 Puppis
Spirograph Nebula - Hubble 1999.jpg Spirograph Nebula IC 418 1888-1894 1.3 (approx.) 9.6 Lepus
Stingraynebula.jpg Stingray Nebula Hen 3-1357 1989 18 (approx.) 10.75 Ara
NGC 5189.jpg Spiral Planetary Nebula NGC 5189 1835 2.6 (approx.) 9.5 Musca
Mz 1 1922 3.4 ± 0.5 12.0 Norma
Ant Nebula.jpg Ant Nebula Mz 3 1922 8.0 (approx.) 13.8 Norma
Fine Ring Nebula.jpg Shapley 1 PLN 329+2.1 1936 ~1 12.6 Norma
MyCn18-crop.png Hourglass Nebula MyCn18 1996 8.0 (approx.) 13.0 Musca
Planetary nebula NGC 3918.jpg NGC 3918 1834 4.9 8.5 Centaurus
The planetary nebula Fleming 1 seen with ESO’s Very Large Telescope.tiff Fleming 1 G290.5+07.9
ESO 170-6
1888? 7.9 13.1 Centaurus
The planetary nebula ESO 378-1.jpg Southern Owl Nebula PN K 1-22
ESO 378-1
1971[1] 4.3[2] 17.4[3] Hydra
IC 4191.jpg IC 4191 1907 11.6 Musca
IC 4634.jpg IC 4634 1893 7.5 11.3 Ophiuchus
IC 4637.jpg IC 4637 1901 7.8 12.5 Scorpius
NGC1360 Planetary Nebula from the Mount Lemmon SkyCenter Schulman Telescope courtesy Adam Block.jpg Robin's Egg Nebula NGC 1360 1868 1.5 (approx.) 9.4 Fornax
N1535s.jpg NGC 1535 1785 6.5 (approx.) 10.5 Eridanus
NGC 2792.jpg NGC 2792 1835 11.6 Vela
NGC 4361.jpg NGC 4361 1785 3 (approx.) 10.9 Corvus
NGC 5307.jpg NGC 5307 1836 10 11.2 Centaurus
NGC 5315HSTfull.jpg NGC 5315 1883 7 (approx.) 9.8 Circinus
NGC 5882 HST.tif NGC 5882 1834 9.4 Lupus
NGC 6309.jpg Box Nebula NGC 6309 1876 11.5 Ophiuchus
NGC 6326 by Hubble Space Telescope.jpg NGC 6326 1826 11 12.2 Ara
N6563s.jpg NGC 6563 1826 11 Sagittarius
NGC 6629.jpg NGC 6629 1784 11.3 Sagittarius
NGC 6741.tif Phantom Streak Nebula NGC 6741 1882 7 11 Aquila
Little gem.jpg Little Gem Nebula NGC 6818 1787 6 9.3 Sagittarius
Abell36s.jpg Abell 36 1955 0.78 Virgo

Notes[edit]

Data values are sourced from the individual articles, where available, for each nebula. Please see the article of the nebula in question for data references.

Many distances are estimates (denoted by the approx. suffix), as true distances are difficult to infer for planetary nebulae. Please see main article, Planetary nebulae, for more details on distance estimates.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kohoutek, L. (1971). "New planetary nebula". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 13: 493. Bibcode:1971A&A....13..493K. 
  2. ^ Jacob, R.; Schönberner, D.; Steffen, M. (2013). "The evolution of planetary nebulae". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 558: A78. arXiv:1307.6189Freely accessible. Bibcode:2013A&A...558A..78J. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201321532. ISSN 0004-6361. 
  3. ^ Phillips, J. P. (2005). "The distances of highly evolved planetary nebulae". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 357 (2): 619–625. Bibcode:2005MNRAS.357..619P. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.08676.x. ISSN 0035-8711.