List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area in excess of 1,000,000 km²

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This is one of a series of comprehensive lists of continents, countries, and first level administrative country subdivisions such as states, provinces, and territories, as well as certain political and geographic features of substantial area.[1] Some divisions are listed twice, with one listing including territory that is excluded in the other for various reasons, including territorial disputes. Names of currently existing countries are bolded, while names of geographic features are italicized. There is intentional overlap between the lists in order to maximize ease of use.

Geographic entity Area (km2) Notes
Earth 510,065,284 Total surface area (70.8% water coverage and 29.2% land coverage).
Ocean 361,126,221 Total water coverage (70.8% of Earth's surface).
Pacific Ocean and adjacent seas 165,500,000 Largest ocean, including adjacent Celebes Sea, Coral Sea, East China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sea of Japan, South China Sea, Sulu Sea, Tasman Sea, and Yellow Sea.
Pacific Ocean excluding adjacent seas 155,557,000 Largest ocean.
Land 148,939,063 Total land coverage (29.2% of Earth's surface).
Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas 106,400,000 Second largest ocean, including adjacent Denmark Strait, Greenland Sea, Norwegian Sea, Barents Sea, Strait of Gibraltar and Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Hudson Bay, Arctic Ocean, North Sea, Baltic Sea, and Celtic Sea.
Afro-Eurasia 84,211,532 Largest contiguous landmass.
Atlantic Ocean excluding adjacent seas 76,762,000 Second largest ocean.
Indian Ocean and adjacent seas 73,556,000 Third largest ocean, including Andaman Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Great Australian Bight, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Laccadive Sea, Mozambique Channel, Persian Gulf, Red Sea, and Strait of Malacca.
Indian Ocean excluding adjacent seas 68,556,000 Third largest ocean.
Eurasia 53,990,000 Largest broadly connected contiguous landmass, comprising the traditional continents of Europe and Asia; sometimes considered a single continent, it covers 10.6% of the Earth's surface (36.2% of the land area).
Asia 44,579,000 Largest continent.
Americas 42,549,000 Large contiguous landmass viewed in some parts of the world as single continent. This view is held in Latin America, Greece, Italy and Spain.
Moon 37,930,000 Satellite in orbit around the Earth, excluded by treaty from national claims of ownership.
 British Empire 35,500,000 Largest multi-country empire, in 1920.
Commonwealth of Nations 31,462,574 Supranational political entity.
Africa 30,221,532 Second largest continent.
African Union 29,797,500 Supranational political entity.
North America 24,490,000 Continent.
Mongol Empire 24,000,000 Multi-country empire, in 1309.
 Russian Empire 22,800,000 Multi-country empire, in 1895.
 Soviet Union 22,402,200 Largest country in the world from 1922 until its dissolution in 1991.
Southern Ocean 20,327,000 Ocean.
South America 17,840,000 Continent.
 UNASUR/UNASUL 17,715,335 Supranational political entity including most nations of South America.
 Russia 17,125,200 Largest country in the world; crosses Europe and Asia.
 Qing Empire, China 14,700,000 Multi-country empire in Asia under the Yongzheng Emperor (r. 1723–1735) and his son the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735–1796).
Arctic sea ice maximum extent (February 2015) 14,540,000
Arctic Ocean 14,056,000 Ocean.
 Antarctica 14,000,000 Continent.
 Arab League 13,953,041 Supranational political entity.
Spain Spanish Empire 13,700,000 Multi-country empire, in 1810; size is approximate.
Siberia 13,138,242 Traditional historic and geographic region of Russia.
Mercosur 12,781,179 Supranational political entity consisting of 4 South American countries
France Second French colonial empire 11,500,000 Multi-country empire, in 1920.
 Republic of China (ROC, including disputed areas) 11,420,000 Including disputed territories administered by the PRC, Mongolia, and India.
Umayyad (Arab Caliphate). 11,100,000 In 720.
Abbasid (Arab Caliphate). 11,100,000 In 750. Lasting from 750–1258.
Yuan Khanate China 11,000,000 Multi-country empire in Asia under the Yuan Khanate 1279–1368. Measured at its maximum extent in 1310.
Europe 10,180,000 Continent in Classical Antiquity.
 Canada 9,984,670 Second largest country in the world; largest country in North America, and in the Western Hemisphere.
United States Maximum overseas expansion of the United States 9,948,908 This estimate is based on the combined area of the United States, plus the areas of Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa and United States Minor Outlying Islands, over which the U.S. acquired sovereignty in 1898 at the end of the Spanish–American War. Self-government was restored to Cuba in 1906, and to the Philippines in 1934.
 People's Republic of China (PRC, including disputed areas) 9,742,010 Largest country located entirely in Asia. Including PRC-administered area (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, both territories claimed by India), South Tibet (controlled by India as the state of Arunachal Pradesh but claimed by China) and the disputed territories of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu which the Republic of China (Taiwan) has continued to govern after the PRC replaced it on the mainland; total of separate UN figures for mainland China and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong (1,099 km2) and Macau (26 km2).
 People's Republic of China (PRC, non-disputed areas) 9,706,961 Largest country located entirely in Asia. Excluding disputed territories not under PRC administration, i.e. excluding South Tibet (Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh) and Republic of China (Taiwan); total of separate UN figures for mainland China and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong (1,099 km2) and Macau (26 km2).
 United States of America 9,522,055 Country in North America. Includes the 50 states and District of Columbia, and Indian Reservations. Includes inland water area of 78,797 mi2 (204,083 km2) and Great Lakes water of 60,251 mi2 (156,049 km2); excludes coastal water area of 42,225 mi2 (109,362 km2) and territorial water area of 75,372 mi2 (195,213 km2)[2]
Oceania 9,008,458 Geopolitical area including Australia and other islands and territories in the Pacific Ocean.
Xiongnu Empire 9,000,000 Size at greatest extent in 176 BC.
 Brazil 8,514,877 Largest country in South America. Includes Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martim Vaz, and Penedos de São Pedro e São Paulo. All islands together make 365 km2 (0.0043% of all continental territory).
The Indies 8,063,879 A European Colonial term for South and South East Asia, sometimes also known as the Indosphere.
Australasia 7,955,717 A subdivision of Oceania.
United States Contiguous United States 7,902,634 Includes the 48 contiguous states and District of Columbia, and Indian Reservations, but excludes Alaska and Hawaii.
 Australia 7,686,848 Continent and country in Oceania. Includes Jervis Bay Territory (73 km2) , Cocos (Keeling) Islands (14 km2), Christmas Island (135 km2) and Lord Howe Island (56 km2). Also includes the uninhabited Ashmore and Cartier Islands (5 km2), Coral Sea Islands Territory (0,9 km2), Heard and McDonald Islands (372 km2) and Macquarie Island (231 km2). Excludes claims on Antarctica (Australian Antarctic Territory, 6,119,818 km2).
Ming China 6,500,000 Chinese Empire after the overthrow of the Yuan Mongol dynasty 1368–1644. Measured at its maximum extent in 1450.
Eastern Han Dynasty 6,500,000 The Chinese Empire lasting from 25 – 220 AD. Size at greatest extent in 100 AD.
Rashidun Caliphate 6,400,000 In 655.
Europe (excluding European Russia) 6,220,000 Traditional region.
Russia Far Eastern Federal District 6,215,900 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
Khanate of the Golden Horde 6,000,000 Multi-country empire in Europe and Asia; a Khanate remnant of the Mongol Empire, lasting from 1240–1502. Size is approximate at its apex in 1310.
Western Han Dynasty 6,000,000 The Chinese Empire lasting from 206 BC – 9 AD. Size at greatest extent in 50 BC.
Turkic Khaganate 6,000,000 Size at greatest extent in 557.
Australia Australian Antarctic Territory 5,896,500 Australian claim to Antarctica.
Achaemenid Empire 5,500,000 An empire in Iran and other countries from Greece and Egypt to Uzbekistan from 550–330 BC. Size at greatest extent in 500 BC.
Portugal Portuguese Empire 5,500,000 The Portuguese overseas empire at its greatest extent in 1820. Including but not limited to coastal parts of Brazil, Angola and Mozambique.
Tang China 5,400,000 Chinese Empire from 618–907. Size at greatest extent in 715.
 Ottoman Empire 5,200,000 Early modern empire centered in Turkey at its greatest extent in 1683.
Macedonia (ancient kingdom) 5,200,000 Ancient empire centered in Macedonia at its greatest extent in 323 BC under Alexander the Great.
SAARC 5,130,746 Supranational political entity.
Russia Siberian Federal District 5,114,800 Federal district of Russia created May 2000, distinct from but also included in the historical region of the same name.
Arctic sea ice minimum extent (September 2014) 5,020,000
Roman Empire 5,000,000 Multi-country empire in antiquity, under Trajan in AD 117.
Maurya Empire 5,000,000 Indian empire lasted from 321–185 BC, size is calculated to be the greatest extent reached in 250 BC.
Tibetan Empire 4,600,000 The Tibetan state lasting from 650–842, measured at its apex in 800.
ASEAN 4,465,501 Supranational political entity.
Timurid Empire 4,400,000 A Persian Middle Eastern empire, rising after the Mongol Empire lasting from 1355–1740, measured at its apex in 1405.
 European Union 4,325,675 Supranational political entity.
Fatimid Caliphate 4,100,000 Western remnant of the Umayyad Caliphate lasting from 909–1171, estimated at its greatest extent in 969.
Mughal Empire 4,000,000 An Islamic Empire in India in the early modern period. Size at greatest extent in 1690.
Eastern Turkic Khaganate 4,000,000 Eastern remnant of the Göktürk Khaganate. Size at greatest extent in 624.
Hephthalite Empire 4,000,000 Size at greatest extent in 470.
Hunnic Empire 4,000,000 Size at greatest extent in 441.
European Russia 3,960,000 Traditional historic and geographic region of Russia.
Seleucid Empire 3,900,000 A Greek/Persian Middle Eastern empire lasting from 312–63 BC, was the successor state to the Achaemenid Empire. Measured at its apex in 301 BC.
Rupert's Land 3,900,000 An area of British North America, under the jurisdiction of the Hudson's Bay Company.
Great Seljuq Empire 3,900,000 Turkish empire in the Middle East, was the European antagonist during the Crusades. Lasted from 1037–1194, size is calculated to be the greatest extent reached in 1080.
Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Italy 3,798,000 Includes Italian colonies. Size in 1938.
Ilkhanate 3,750,000 A Khanate remnant of the Mongol Empire, lasting from 1256–1355, measured at its apex in 1310.
 Argentina (including claims) 3,748,072 Second largest country in South America. Includes claims over the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, and Argentine Antarctica, which are not under Argentine de facto control.
Khwarazmian dynasty 3,600,000 Size at greatest extent in 1218.
Sassanid Empire 3,500,000 Successor state to the Parthian Empire in the Middle East and Iran, the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, lasting from 224–651, size estimated at its apex in 550.
Zealandia 3,500,000 Largest microcontinent (size is approximate).
South China Sea 3,500,000 Marginal sea occurring in part of the Pacific Ocean south of China, and bordered predominately by Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and the Philippines.
Gupta Empire 3,500,000 One of the Indian Middle Kingdoms lasting from 320–560, size is estimated at the apex in 400.
Chagatai Khanate 3,500,000 A Khanate remnant of the Mongol Empire, measured at its apex in 1310 and 1350.
Western Turkic Khaganate 3,500,000 Western remnant of the Göktürk Khaganate. Size at greatest extent in 630.
France First French colonial empire 3,400,000 Size at greatest extent in 1670.
Ghaznavid Empire 3,400,000 Size at greatest extent in 1029.
 India (including disputed areas) 3,287,263 Third largest country in Asia (after Russia and China). Includes all disputed territories.
Delhi Sultanate 3,200,000 Size at greatest extent in 1312.
German Empire German Colonial Empire 3,199,015 Size at greatest extent in 1912.
Arabian Peninsula 3,189,612 A geographic region of the Middle East.
 India (non-disputed areas) 3,166,414 Third largest country in Asia (after Russia and China). Excludes non-Indian-administered disputed territories (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract in China; Azad Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan in Pakistan). Includes all Indian-administered territories, which contains the China-claimed South Tibet, administered by India as part of Arunachal Pradesh.
United States Thirteen Colonies 3,151,827 Found by taking the size of the United States less the size of its acquired territories.[3]
 Sakha Republic 3,103,200 Largest federal subject of Russia.
Song dynasty 3,100,000 The Chinese Empire lasting from 960–1279. Size at greatest extent in 980.
Uyghur Khaganate 3,100,000 Size at greatest extent in 800.
Western Jin Dynasty 3,100,000 Size at greatest extent in 280.
Khazar Khanate 3,000,000 Size at greatest extent in 850.
Sui dynasty 3,000,000 Size at greatest extent in 589.
 Byzantine Empire 2,800,000 Remnant of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent in 450.
Parthian Empire 2,800,000 A Persian Middle Eastern empire lasting from 248 BC – 226 AD, was the successor state to the Greek Seleucid Empire and a major antagonist to the Roman Empire. Measured at its apex circa 0.
Medes (Median Empire) 2,800,000 An early Persian Middle Eastern empire lasting from 625–549 BC. Size at greatest extent in 585 BC.
Eastern Jin Dynasty 2,800,000 Size at greatest extent in 347.
 Argentina (excluding disputed claims) 2,780,400 Second largest country in South America. Does not include claims over Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, nor Argentine Antarctica (969,000 km2).
Caribbean Sea 2,754,000 Body of water between North and South America.
 Kazakhstan 2,724,900 In Asia; largest landlocked country in the world.
Norway Queen Maud Land 2,700,000 Norwegian Antarctic claim.
 Western Australia 2,525,500 Largest state of Australia.
Former Sudan 2,505,813 Sudan before South Sudan split out of it. Formerly the largest country in Africa.
Mediterranean Sea 2,500,000 Body of water separating Europe and Africa.
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom 2,500,000 A successor state to the Seleucid Empire in what is now Afghanistan and Uzbekistan lasting from 256–125 BC. Size at greatest extent in 184 BC.
Grand Duchy of Moscow 2,500,000 A precursor to the Russian Empire, lasting from 1263–1547. Size in 1505.
 Algeria 2,381,741 Largest country in Africa.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,344,858 Second largest country in Africa.
Russia Krasnoyarsk Krai 2,339,700 Federal subject of Russia.
Denmark Kingdom of Denmark 2,220,093 Including Denmark, Greenland and Faroe Islands.
 Greenland 2,175,600 An autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark; technically part of North America, and that continent's third-largest country.
 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690 Largest country in Middle East.
United States Louisiana Purchase 2,147,000 Area of the United States purchased from France in 1803, which now comprises all or part of fifteen U.S. states.
France First French Empire 2,100,000 Multi-country empire under Emperor Napoleon I of France, from 1804–1814; size at greatest extent in 1813.
 Chile (Including Territorial Claims) 2,007,208 Includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua; Rapa Nui), Isla Sala y Gómez and Antarctica (1,250,000 km2).
Inca Empire 2,000,000 The Incan Empire along the Andean coast of South America lasting from 1438–1533.
Confederate States of America 1,995,392 Unrecognized country in North America, 1861–1865.
 Empire of Japan 1,984,000 Size in 1938.
 Mexico 1,958,201 Fourth largest country in North America; also third largest country in Latin America.
 Nunavut 1,936,113 Largest sub-federal jurisdiction of Canada, largest territory of Canada.
 Indonesia 1,904,569 In Southeast Asia; largest and most populous country situated only on islands.
 Sudan 1,886,068 Third largest country in Africa.
Russia Urals Federal District 1,788,900 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
East Indies 1,784,398 A European Colonial term for Maritime Southeast Asia, including Malaysia, East Timor, the Philippines, Brunei, Singapore and Indonesia (less its territory on New Guinea).
 Libya 1,759,540 Country in northern Africa.
 Queensland 1,727,300 State of Australia.
 Alaska 1,717,856 Largest state of the United States.
 British Antarctic Territory 1,709,400 British claim to Antarctica
Russia Northwestern Federal District 1,677,900 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
China Xinjiang 1,660,000 Largest autonomous region of China.
 Iran 1,648,195 Second largest country in Middle East.
 Amazonas 1,570,746 Largest state of Brazil.
 Mongolia 1,564,116 Country located between China and Russia.
Gulf of Mexico 1,500,000 Body of water in North America.
Neo-Assyrian Empire 1,400,000 An ancient Middle Eastern empire along the Fertile Crescent, lasting from 934–609 BC.
 Quebec 1,365,128 Second largest sub-federal jurisdiction of Canada, largest province of Canada.
Mexican Cession 1,360,000 A large area of the First Mexican Empire, which was lost after the Mexican-American War in 1848 to the US.
 Northern Territory 1,346,200 Territory of Australia.
 Kalmar Union 1,322,358 A medieval and early modern Kingdom in Scandinavia consisting of Denmark, Iceland, Norway and most of modern Sweden and Finland, lasting from 1397–1523. Size does not include the colonial territories in Greenland.
 Peru 1,285,216 Country in South America.
 Chad 1,284,000 Country in Africa.
 Niger 1,267,000 Country in Africa.
Chile Chilean Antarctic Territory 1,250,258 Chilean claim to Antarctica
East China Sea 1,249,000 Marginal sea east of China, also bordered by South Korea and Japan.
 Pará 1,247,690 Second largest state of Brazil.
 Angola 1,246,700 Country in Africa.
 Mali 1,240,192 Country in Africa.
Hudson Bay 1,230,000 Body of water in northeastern Canada.
China Tibet Autonomous Region 1,228,400 Autonomous region of China.
 Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia) 1,221,900 An African Empire lasting from 980 BC – 1974 AD.
 South Africa 1,221,148 Country in Africa. Area of mainland South Africa is 1,220,813 km2,[4] added to which are the Prince Edward Islands – Marion Island, 290 km2, and Prince Edward Island, 45 km2.[5]
Carolingian Empire 1,200,000 The maximum extent of Frankish Kingdom under Charlemagne in 814. An immediate precursor to the Holy Roman Empire.
 Northwest Territories 1,183,085 Territory of Canada.
China Inner Mongolia 1,183,000 Autonomous region of China.
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1,153,465 The maximum extent of bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania, in 1650.
 Colombia 1,138,914 Country in South America. Colombian census figure is 1,141,748 which includes three special districts and San Andrés and Providencia islands (52 km2).
 Ethiopia 1,104,300 Country in Africa.
 Bolivia 1,098,581 Country in South America.
Melanesia 1,040,672 One of the Island subdivisions of Oceania.
French East India Company 1,040,549 The maximum extent of French Colonial rule in India in 1754. Estimated by adding together the areas of the States and territories of India which correspond approximately to the French East India Company.
Russia Volga Federal District 1,038,000 Federal district of Russia created May 2000.
 Mauritania 1,025,520 Country in Africa.
 Republic of Texas 1,007,935 Briefly independent breakaway state from the First Mexican Empire in 1835, later annexed in 1846 by the United States.
 Tierra del Fuego 1,002,445 If taken to include claims to the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, and Argentine Antarctica (none of which are controlled by Argentina). Argentina's largest province, if these claims are included.
New Kingdom 1,000,000 The final imperial phase of dynastic Egypt, lasting from 1570–1070 BC.

References[edit]

  1. ^ References for the information provided in this table may be found in the individual articles on each body listed herein.
    Information about countries by area is generally derived from the CIA World Factbook.
    Information about political subdivisions by area is generally derived from Statoids.com.
  2. ^ "The United States". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 2006-08-28. 
  3. ^ Table 1.1 Acquisition of the Public Domain 1781–1867
  4. ^ Stats in Brief, 2010 (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2010. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-621-39563-1. 
  5. ^ Cooper, John (June 2006). "Antarctica and Islands: Background Research Paper produced for the South Africa Environment Outlook report on behalf of the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism" (PDF). p. 3. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 

See also[edit]

Smaller divisions

Other

References[edit]