List of political parties in Bermuda
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Bermuda has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties: the Progressive Labour Party (PLP) and the One Bermuda Alliance (OBA). From 1968 — Bermuda's first party-based election — to 1998, the United Bermuda Party (UBP) controlled Parliament. In 1998, it was supplanted by the slightly older PLP. Most UBP members merged with a breakaway party called the Bermuda Democratic Alliance in 2011 to form the OBA. The PLP and OBA hold the vast majority of seats in the House of Assembly and are currently the only two parties with offices and organisations.
Another party, the Bermuda Democratic Party, contested the 1968 election but failed to win any seats and collapsed soon after, eventually to be replaced by the now-defunct National Liberal Party. In addition, several candidates have run as independents, to varying success, or have formed temporary, one-man parties such as the Gombey Liberation Party (or, in its later days, the National Liberal Party).
Parties Represented in the Legislature
- Progressive Labour Party: party historically allied with the trade union movement, formed in 1963, currently the Official Opposition
- One Bermuda Alliance: formed by the merger of the Bermuda Democratic Alliance and former members of the United Bermuda Party in 2011, currently the governing party
- United Bermuda Party: multiracial party, formed 1964, dissolved in 2011 after being replaced by the One Bermuda Alliance as the official opposition party
- National Liberal Party: defunct
- Bermuda Democratic Party: 1967 to 1970
- Gombey Liberation Party: defunct, one-man grass roots movement
- Bermuda Democratic Alliance: Political movement founded by seven concerned Bermudians, merging with the One Bermuda Alliance in 2011