List of political parties in Brazil

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Above the broad range of political parties in Brazilian Congress, the Workers' Party (PT), the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), Liberal Party (PL), the Progressistas (PP) and the Brazil Union (UB) together control the absolute majority of seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.[1] Smaller parties often make alliances with at least one of these four major parties.[2]

Since 1982 Brazilian political parties have been given an electoral number to make it easier for illiterate people to vote. Initially, it was a one-digit number: 1 for PDS, 2 for PDT, 3 for PT, 4 for PTB, and 5 for PMDB. When it became clear that there was going to be more than nine parties, two-digit numbers were assigned, with the first five parties having a "1" added to their former one-digit number (PDS becoming number 11, PDT 12, PT 13, PTB 14, and PMDB 15). Political parties often change their names but can retain their number.

Current parties[edit]

Party Abbr. TSE № Founded Deputies Senators Membership

(may/2022)

Ideology Position
Brazilian Democratic Movement
Movimento Democrático Brasileiro
MDB 15 1965
37 / 513
12 / 81
2,131,547 Big tent[3][4]
Populism
Economic liberalism[5]
Centre[6] to
centre-right[7]
Workers' Party
Partido dos Trabalhadores
PT 13 1980
56 / 513
7 / 81
1,631,643 Social democracy[8]
Left-wing populism[9]
Lulism[10]
Centre-left[11][12]
to left-wing[13][14]
Brazilian Social Democracy Party
Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira
PSDB 45 1988
20 / 513
6 / 81
1,352,906 Third Way[15] Centre[16][17] to centre-right[18][19]
Progressives
Progressistas
PP 11 1995
56 / 513
8 / 81
1,327,141 Conservative liberalism[20][21]
National conservatism[22]
Brazilian nationalism[23][22]
Centre-right[20] to right-wing[24]
Democratic Labour Party
Partido Democrático Trabalhista
PDT 12 1979
19 / 513
4 / 81
1,152,760 Brazilian nationalism
Democratic socialism[25]
Left-wing nationalism[25]
Centre-left[26]
to left-wing[27]
Brazil Union
União Brasil
UNIÃO 44 2022
55 / 513
6 / 81
1,083,183 Liberal conservatism[28][29]
Economic liberalism[30]
Centre-right to right-wing[28][31][32][33]
Brazilian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
PTB 14 1981
3 / 513
2 / 81
1,079,471 Social conservatism[34]
Economic liberalism[34]
Right-wing populism[35]
Centre-right[34]
to right-wing[27]
Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
PL 22 2006
77 / 513
9 / 81
770,662 Conservatism[36][37][38]
Economic liberalism
Right-wing populism
Centre-right[42] to right-wing[46]
Brazilian Socialist Party
Partido Socialista Brasileiro
PSB 40 1985
24 / 513
2 / 81
637,495 Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Social democracy
Centre-left[26]
to left-wing[27]
Republicans
Republicanos
10 2005
42 / 513
1 / 81
498,049 Social conservatism[34]
Civic nationalism
Christian democracy
Right-wing[27]
Citizenship
Cidadania
23 1992
6 / 513
1 / 81
453,266 Social liberalism
Third Way
Centre[47] to Centre-left[26]
Social Christian Party
Partido Social Cristão
PSC 20 1985
10 / 513
1 / 81
414,232 Christian right
Christian democracy
Social conservatism
Right-wing
We Can
Podemos
PODE 19 1995
8 / 513
8 / 81
410,014 Populism
Direct democracy[48][49]
Centre to centre-right
Communist Party of Brazil
Partido Comunista do Brasil
PCdoB 65 1962
8 / 513
0 / 81
409,064 Communism
Marxism–Leninism[50]
Far-left[51]
Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrático
PSD 55 2011
47 / 513
11 / 81
407,300 Liberalism
Federalism
Centre[52] to centre-right[53]
Green Party
Partido Verde
PV 43 1986
4 / 513
0 / 81
361,353 Green politics
Federalism
Centre to centre-left
Patriot
Patriota
51 2011
5 / 513
0 / 81
331,527 Brazilian nationalism[54]
Christian nationalism[54]
National conservatism
Right-wing[27]
to far-right[55]
Solidarity
Solidariedade
77 2013
8 / 513
0 / 81
257,764 Social democracy[56]
Economic interventionism[34]
Political labour[34]
Centre[57] to centre-left[58]
Socialism and Liberty Party
Partido Socialismo e Liberdade
PSOL 50 2004
8 / 513
0 / 81
222,951 Democratic socialism
Eco-socialism
Socialism of the 21st century
Left-wing[34]
to far-left[59]
Forward
Avante
Avante 70 1989
6 / 513
0 / 81
220,908 Third Way
Political labour[34]
Populism
Centre[26]
Party of National Mobilization
Partido da Mobilização Nacional
PMN 33 1984
0 / 513
0 / 81
211,182 Agrarian socialism[60]
Left-wing nationalism
Social patriotism[60]
Left-wing[60]
Act
Agir
AGIR 36 1985
0 / 513
0 / 81
195,955 Christian democracy[61]
Liberal conservatism[61]
Political labour[61]
Centre to centre-right
Christian Democracy
Democracia Cristã
DC 27 1995
0 / 513
0 / 81
177,639 Christian democracy[62]
Social conservatism[62]
Centre-right to right-wing[27]
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party
Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro
PRTB 28 1994
0 / 513
0 / 81
147,244 Brazilian nationalism[63]
Christian right[64]
Political labour[65]
Right-wing[66] to far-right[63]
Republican Party of the Social Order
Partido Republicano da Ordem Social
PROS 90 2010
4 / 513
2 / 81
123,541 Third Way
Republicanism
Centrism
Centre[27]
Brazilian Woman's Party
Partido da Mulher Brasileira
PMB 35 2015
0 / 513
0 / 81
48,638 Paternalistic conservatism[67]
Social conservatism[67]
Women's rights[67]
Right-wing[27]
Sustainability Network
Rede Sustentabilidade
REDE 18 2013
2 / 513
1 / 81
36,490 Green politics
Progressivism

Environmentalism[68][69]

Centre-left[70][71]
New Party
Partido Novo
NOVO 30 2011
8 / 513
0 / 81
30,973 Classical liberalism[72][73]
Economic liberalism[72][73]
Right-libertarianism[74]
Centre-right[26]
to right-wing[27]
United Socialist Workers' Party
Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado
PSTU 16 1972
0 / 513
0 / 81
15,591 Trotskyism[75]
Socialism
Far-left[59]
Brazilian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Brasileiro
PCB 21 1993
0 / 513
0 / 81
12,768 Marxism–Leninism[76]
Revolutionary socialism
Far-left[59]
Workers' Cause Party
Partido da Causa Operária
PCO 29 1995
0 / 513
0 / 81
4,992 Marxism[77]
Socialism[77]
Trotskyism
Far-left[59]
Popular Unity
Unidade Popular
UP 80 2016
0 / 513
0 / 81
3,224 Left-wing nationalism
Revolutionary socialism
Marxism[78]
Far-left[79]

Non-registered[edit]

Waiting for registration in the Superior Electoral Court:

Name Abbrev. Founded Ideology Position
Libertarians
Libertários
LIBER 20 June 2009 Right-wing
Democratic Nationalist Party
Partido Nacionalista Democrático
PND 1985 Right-wing
Revolutionary Workers' Party
Partido Operário Revolucionário
POR 1989 Far-left
Pirate Party of Brazil
Partido Pirata do Brasil
PIRATAS 28 July 2012 Syncretic
Root Cidadanist Movement
Raiz Movimento Cidadanista
RAIZ 2016 Left-wing

Former[edit]

Recently absorbed or merged parties[edit]

Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Abbrev. TSE number Ideology Merged with Year
Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party PSD 41 Centrism
Social democracy
Brazilian Labour Party 2002
Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores General Party of the Workers PGT 30 Centrism
Social democracy
Liberal Party 2002
Partido Social Trabalhista Social Labour Party PST 18 Centrism Liberal Party 2002
Partido dos Aposentados da Nação Party of the Nation's Retirees PAN 26 Centrism Brazilian Labour Party 2006
Partido Liberal Liberal Party PL 22 Centrism
Populism
Liberal Party 2006
Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order PRONA 56 Nationalism
Populism
Liberal Party 2006
Partido Republicano Progressista Progressive Republican Party PRP 44 Conservatism Patriot 2018
Partido Pátria Livre Free Fatherland Party PPL 54 Left-wing nationalism Communist Party of Brazil 2018
Partido Humanista da Solidariedade Humanist Party of Solidarity PHS 31 Christian democracy Podemos 2018
Democratas Democrats DEM 25 Liberal conservatism Social Liberal Party 2021
Partido Social Liberal Social Liberal Party PSL 17 Brazilian nationalism Democrats 2021
Aliança pelo Brasil Alliance for Brazil ALIANÇA Brazilian nationalism Liberal Party 2022

Historical[edit]

Name Abbrev. Active Ideology Position
Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
None 1831–1889 Centre
Conservative Party
Partido Conservador
None 1836–1889 Right-wing
Paulista Republican Party
Partido Republicano Paulista
PRP 1873–1937 Centre-right
Rio-grandense Republican Party
Partido Republicano Rio-grandense
PRR 1882–1929 Centre
Minas Republican Party
Partido Republicano Mineiro
PRM 1888–1937 Right-wing
Liberator Party
Partido Libertador
PL 1928–1937, 1945-1965 Federalism Centre-right
Brazilian Black Front
Frente Negra Brasileira
FNB 1931-1938 Far-right
Brazilian Integralist Action
Ação Integralista Brasileira
AIB 1933–1938 Far-right
Orienting Labour Party
Partido Orientador Trabalhista
POT 1945-1951 Centre-right
Popular Representation Party
Partido de Representação Popular
PRP 1945–1965 Far-right
Brazilian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
PTB 1945–1965 Centre-left to left-wing
Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrático
PSD 1945–1965 Centre to centre-right
National Democratic Union
União Democrática Nacional
UDN 1945–1965 Conservatism Right-wing
Christian Democratic Party
Partido Democrata Cristão
PDC 1945-66; 1985–1993 Right-wing
Republican Party
Partido Republicano
PR 1945 - 1965 Centrism Centre
Progressive Social Party
Partido Social Progresista
PSP 1947–1966 Centre-right
National Renewal Alliance Party
Aliança Renovadora Nacional
ARENA 1966–1979 Far-right
Brazilian Democratic Movement
Movimento Democrático Brasileiro
MDB 1966–1979 Centrism Centre to centre-left
Democratic Social Party
Partido Democrático Social
PDS 1979–1993 Conservatism Right-wing
National Reconstruction Party
Partido da Reconstrução Nacional
PRN 1989–2000 Right-wing
Reform Progressive Party
Partido Progressista Reformador
PPR 1993–1995 Centre-right

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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