List of political parties in Colombia

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This article lists political parties in Colombia.

Colombia had historically maintained a two-party system, which means that there were two dominant political parties, resulting in considerable difficulty for anybody to achieve major electoral success under the banner of any other party. Dissidents from the two main parties also had chances to win elections. Nowadays it is a multi-party system, with every party that gets more than 3% of the valid votes for each of the two chambers in the congress (as well as some special cases like parties of minority groups) getting legal recognition.

Parties with legal recognition[edit]

In the Parliamentary election of 2018, the following parties got the minimum required number of votes for legal recognition (3% of valid votes).

Name Year of
foundation
Ideology Political spectre Relation with the
2018-2022 government
Seats in the
Senate
Seats in the
House
President or director International affiliation
Democratic Center 2013 -Right-wing populism
-National conservatism
-Economic liberalism
-Anti-communism
Right-wing to Far-right Coalition 19 32 Álvaro Uribe Vélez International Democrat Union
Colombian Liberal Party 1848 -Liberalism
-Social democracy
-Social liberalism
Center-right to
Center-left
Independent 14 35 César Gaviria Socialist international
Radical Change 1998 -Economic liberalism
-Conservative liberalism
-Classic liberalism
Center-right to Right-wing Independent 16 30 Rodrigo Lara Restrepo None
Social Party of National Unity 2005 -Social Democracy
-Social liberalism
-Third way
Center-left Coalition 14 25 Roy Barreras Liberal International[Nota 1]
Colombian Conservative Party 1849 -Conservatism

-Economic liberalism

-Social conservatism

-Christian democracy

Right-wing Coalition 14 20 Hernán Andrade Centrist Democrat International, International Democrat Union
Green Alliance 2009 -Social democracy

-Progressivism

-Civic virtue

-Ecologism

-Social market economy

Centre to Centre-left Opposition 9 10 (1 in coalition) Claudia López Hernández Global Greens
Alternative Democratic Pole 2005 -Protectionism

-Anticapitalism

-Social democracy

-Welfare state

-Democratic socialism

Center-left to Left-wing Opposition 5 2 Jorge Enrique Robledo
Iván Cepeda
Socialist International, Foro de São Paulo
Lista de la Decencia (coalition of UP, ASI, MAIS and Colombia Humana) 2017 -Agrarianism

-Social democracy

-Humanism

-Progressivism

-Indigenismo

-Democratic Socialism

Center-left to Left-wing Opposition 4 3 Gustavo Petro
Aída Avella
Ninguna
Colombia Justa Libres 2017 -Confessionalism

-Christian right

-Social conservatism

Right-wing to Far-right Coalition 3 1 John Milton Rodríguez Ninguna
Independent Movement of Absolute Renovation 2000

-Economic liberalism

-Conservative liberalism

-Christian right

-Social conservatism

Center-right to Right-wing Coalition 3 1 Carlos Eduardo Guevara Asociación Miraísmo Internacional
Citizen Option 2009 -Economic liberalism

-Social conservatism

-Liberal conservatism

-Right-wing populism

Far-right Coalition 0 2 Ninguna

Parties of ethnic minorities[edit]

The following parties obtained representation in the congress despite not surpassing the required percentage, thanks to being in representation of ethnic minorities.

Name Year Ideology Political Spectre Number of seats (both chambers)
Movimiento Alternativo Indígena y Social (MAIS) 2013 Indigenismo
Ecologism
Center-left 2 in senate (1 in coalition (Decencia), 1 indigenous sit),
2 in the House (1 indigenous sit, 1 in coalition (Decencia))
Indigenous Social Alliance Movement (ASI) 1991 Indigenismo
Progressivism
Center to Center-left 1 in senate ( Decencia coalition)
Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia (AICO) 1990 Indigenismo
Progressivism
Center-left 1 in senate (Indigenous sit)
Consejo Comunitario Ancestral de Comunidades Negras Playa Renaciente 2007 1 in House (Afro seat)
Consejo Comunitario La Mamuncia 1 in House (Afro seat)

Other political parties with legal recognition[edit]

In July of 2013, the Council of state returned the legal recognition to the Patriotic Union, that the party had lost in 2002 after not presenting any candidate for the Parliamentary election of 2002 and, as a result, it didn't obtain any representation in the congress. The sentence recognized the situation of extermination that the members of the party had to endure as the main cause for its losing of representation.

In October of 2017, after signing the Peace agreements, the Colombian law recognized the legal status of FARC party and gave it 10 seats, 5 in each chamber, for the following two periods.

Name Year Ideology Political Spectre Number of seats (both chambers)
Common Alternative Revolutionary Force 2017 Marxism-leninism
Bolivarianism
Communism
Far-left 5 in senate, 5 in house
Patriotic Union 1985 Socialism
Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Patriotism
Bolivarianism
Left-wing 1 in senate (Decencia coalition)

Defunct parties[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As observator.

References[edit]

See also[edit]