Politics of Emilia-Romagna

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The Politics of Emilia-Romagna, Italy takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly.


The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President, the Ministers (Assessori), who are currently 12, including a Vice President and one Under-Secretary for in President's office.[1]

List of Presidents[edit]

President Took office Left office Party
1 Guido Fanti 1970 1976 Italian Communist Party
2 Sergio Cavina 1976 1977 Italian Communist Party
3 Lanfranco Turci 1977 1987 Italian Communist Party
4 Luciano Guerzoni 1987 1990 Italian Communist Party
5 Enrico Boselli 1990 1993 Italian Socialist Party
6 Pier Luigi Bersani 1993 1996 Democratic Party of the Left
7 Antonio La Forgia 1996 1999 Democratic Party of the Left
8 Vasco Errani 1999 2014 Democrats of the Left
Democratic Party
9 Stefano Bonaccini 2014 Incumbent Democratic Party

Legislative branch[edit]

The Legislative Assembly of Emilia-Romagna (Assemblea Legislativa dell'Emilia-Romagna) is composed of 50 members. 40 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 10 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 5 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 45. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[2]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[3]

Parties and elections[edit]

Latest regional election[edit]

In the latest regional election, which took place on 23 November 2014, Stefano Bonaccini (Democratic Party) was elected President of Emilia-Romagna. The election marked the first time in which a President was elected with less than 50% of the vote.

Candidates & parties votes votes (%) seats
reg. list
prov. lists
Stefano Bonaccini 615,723 49.05 1 31
Democratic Party 535,109 44.52 29
Left Ecology Freedom 38,845 3.23 2
Civic Emilia-Romagna (PSIGreens) 17,984 1.49
Centre for BonacciniDemo.S (incl. IdV) 5,247 0.43
Alan Fabbri 374,736 29.85 1 11
Lega Nord EmiliaRomagna 233,439 19.42 8
Forza Italia 100,478 8.36 2
Brothers of Italy 23,052 1.91 1
Giulia Gibertoni 167,022 13.30 5
Five Star Movement 159,456 13.26 5
Maria Cristina Quintavalla 50,211 4.00 1
The Other Emilia-Romagna (PRCPdCI) 44,676 3.71 1
Alessandro Rondoni 33,437 2.66
Popular Emilia-Romagna 31,635 2.63
Maurizio Mazzanti 14,129 1.12
Free Citizens for Emilia-Romagna 11,864 0.98
Total 1,255,258 100.00 2 48


External links[edit]