List of political parties in France

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France has a multi-party political system: one in which the number of competing political parties is sufficiently large as to make it almost inevitable that in order to participate in the exercise of power any single party must be prepared to negotiate with one or more others with a view to forming electoral alliances and/or coalition agreements.

The dominant French political parties are also characterized by a noticeable degree of intra-party factionalism, making each of them effectively a coalition in itself.

Since the 1980s, the government of France has alternated between two rather stable coalitions:

This was the case until the 2017 legislative election, when Emmanuel Macron's party, La République En Marche!, won a large majority in parliament. This caused a political upset, as it was the first time in French history when one of the two main contemporary parties had not won.

Another party that has had sizable successes is the National Front (FN). Since 2014, the FN has established itself as the third sizable party, finishing in 1st place in the 2014 European elections as well as in the 2015 local elections,[1] although it still didn't manage to win any executives mostly due to the last-ditch alliance between the center-left and the center-right coalitions in Hauts-de-France region as well as in the South of France.[2] Now many political observers talk about the "tripartisme" (English: tripartism) of the French political landscape.[3][4][5] In the 2017 presidential election, Emmanuel Macron, under the banner of his political party En Marche!, defeated Marine Le Pen.

Nationwide political parties and leaders[edit]

Major nationwide represented parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman People's Representatives Political Position Ideology
REM: La République En Marche! None Catherine Barbaroux Head of State:
1 / 1
National Assembly:
308 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Liberalism, Social liberalism, Economic liberalism, Pro-Europeanism, Big tent
LR: The Republicans

(See also, UMP & RPR.)
None Nicolas Sarkozy National Assembly:
112 / 577
Senate:
114 / 348
European Parliament:
19 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
7 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
44 / 101
Centre-right The Strong Right: Sarkozysm, Liberal conservatism, Social conservatism, Christian democracy


The Social Right: Social liberalism, Gaullism, Pro-Europeanism


Modern and Humanist France: Economic liberalism, Christian democracy, Pro-Europeanism


Gaullism, a way forward for France: Gaullism, Souverainism, Christian democracy


The Popular Right: Souverainism, Protectionism, Euroscepticism, Economic Liberalism, Social conservatism, Liberal conservatism

PS: Socialist Party Socialist, Ecologist and Republican Vancant National Assembly:
29 / 577
Senate:
109 / 348
European Parliament:
12 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
5 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
27 / 101
Centre-left Mobilise the French People for a Successful Change: Social democracy, Social liberalism, Pro-Europeanism


Now the Left: Democratic socialism, Social democracy, Pro-Europeanism

Other nationwide represented parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman People's Representatives Political Position Ideology
MoDem: Democratic Movement None François Bayrou National Assembly:
42 / 577
Senate:
6 / 348
European Parliament:
4 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
1 / 101
Centre to Centre-right Centrism, Liberalism, Social liberalism
FI: La France Insoumise None Jean-Luc Mélenchon National Assembly:
17 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing Democratic socialism, Ecosocialism, Left-wing populism, Environmentalism, Alter-globalization, Soft euroscepticism
PCF: French Communist Party Left Front Pierre Laurent National Assembly:
10 / 577
Senate:
18 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
1 / 101
Far-left Communism, Marxism
FN: National Front Rassemblement bleu Marine Marine Le Pen National Assembly:
8 / 577
Senate:
2 / 348
European Parliament:
22 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Right-wing to Far-right French nationalism, National conservatism, Souverainism, Protectionism, Right-wing populism, Anti-immigration, Hard Euroscepticism
PR: Radical Party Union of Democrats and Independents Jean-Louis Borloo National Assembly:
7 / 577
Senate:
11 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre-right Liberalism, Social liberalism
LC: The Centrists Union of Democrats and Independents Hervé Morin National Assembly:
7 / 577
Senate:
9 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre to Centre-right Centrism, Conservative liberalism, Christian democracy
FED: Democratic European Force Union of Democrats and Independents Jean-Christophe Lagarde National Assembly:
3 / 577
Senate:
4 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre-right Centrism, Social liberalism, Pro-Europeanism, Christian democracy
DLF: Debout la France None Nicolas Dupont-Aignan National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Right-wing French nationalism, National conservatism, Gaullism, Republicanism, Souverainism, Social conservatism, Euroscepticism
AC: Centrist Alliance Union of Democrats and Independents Jean Arthuis National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
9 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Liberalism, Pro-Europeanism, Centrism
MRC: Citizen and Republican Movement None Jean-Luc Laurent National Assembly:
2 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing Republicanism, Souverainism, Social democracy, Euroscepticism
CAP21: Citizenship, Action, Participation for the 21st Century None Corinne Lepage National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre to Centre-left Environmentalism, Green liberalism, Direct democracy, Humanism, Eurorealism
EELV: Europe Ecology – The Greens None David Cormand National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
10 / 348
European Parliament:
5 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre-left Green politics, Regionalism, European federalism
PG: Left Party Left Front Eric Coquerel and Danielle Simonnet National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
liberal, social liberalism, Third Way
LGM: Modern Left Union of Democrats and Independents Jean-Marie Bockel National Assembly:
0 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
2 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre Social liberalism
MPF: Movement for France None Philippe de Villiers National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Right-wing National conservatism, Social conservatism, Souverainism, Soft euroscepticism
CNI: National Center of Independents and Peasants Union of Democrats and Independents Hervé Morin, president National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Right-wing Civic nationalism, Ordoliberalism, Traditionalism, Agrarianism
PRG: Radical Party of the Left Radical and ecologist pole Sylvia Pinel National Assembly:
3 / 577
Senate:
8 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
3 / 101
Centre-left Social liberalism, Pro-Europeanism
Rad: Radical Party Union of Democrats and Independents Laurent Hénart National Assembly:
7 / 577
Senate:
11 / 348
European Parliament:
1 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre-right Liberalism, Social liberalism
RS: United Republic None Dominique de Villepin National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
1 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Centre-right Gaullism, Conservatism
ND: New Deal None Pierre Larrouturou and Isabelle Attard National Assembly:
1 / 577
Senate:
0 / 348
European Parliament:
0 / 74
Presidency of Regional Councils:
0 / 17
Presidency of Departmental Councils:
0 / 101
Left-wing Progressivism, political ecology, humanism, democratic socialism, economic interventionism, participative democracy

Locally represented parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman Territorial councillors Ideology
CPNT: Hunt, Fish, Nature, Traditions Liaison Committee for the Presidential Majority Frédéric Nihous Regional:
6 / 1,880
Traditional rural values; refusal of environmental legislation and regulations restricting the right to hunt and fish, conservative, Eurosceptic
MEI: Independent Ecological Movement None Antoine Waechter Regional:
3 / 1,880
Green politics, Centrism, anti-nuclear
NPA: New Anticapitalist Party None Christine Poupin, spokeswoman Regional:
2 / 1,880
Anti-capitalism, democratic socialism, eco-socialism, alter-globalization
GU: Unitarian Left Left Front Christian Picquet Regional:
7 / 1,880
Anti-capitalism, democratic socialism

Minor parties[edit]

Acronym and Name National coalition Leader or Chairman Political Position
PNF: French Nationalist Party None Jean-François Simon Euroscepticism, nationalism, conservatism, patriotism
AF: French Action None Stéphane Blanchonnet Nationalism, monarchism, conservatism, Euroscepticism
UPR: Popular Republican Union None François Asselineau Euroscepticism, French nationalism, anti-Americanism
AR: Royal Alliance None Pierre Bernard Monarchism, conservatism, Euroscepticism
NAR: New Royalist Action None Bertrand Renouvin Monarchism, conservatism, Euroscepticism, gaulism
LRF: France Awakens None Nicolas Taupin, Sébastien Taupin Cartesianism, rationalism, pragmatism, Enlightenment Age
RD: Democratic Rally None Philippe Cartellier Monarchism, conservatism, gaulism
GE: Ecology Generation None Yves Piétrasanta Green politics, green conservatism, centre-right
GR: Revolutionary Left None Collective Marxism, socialism, Trotskyism
PCOF: Workers' Communist Party of France Left Front Collective Communism, Marxism–Leninism, hoxhaism, anti-revisionism
POI: Independent Workers' Party None Daniel Gluckstein, Claude Jenet, Jean Markun, Gérard Schivardi Trotskyism, Marxism, communism, proletarian internationalism
PRCF: Pole of Communist Rebirth in France None Léon Landini Marxism-Leninism, communism, anti-capitalism, nationalism
OCML-VP: Marxist–Leninist Communist Organization – Proletarian Way None Collective Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, communism
PP: Pirate Party None Maxime Rouquet, Guillaume Lecoquierre Intellectual property reform, protection of privacy and individual liberty
LO: Workers' Struggle None Nathalie Arthaud, spokeswoman Trotskyism, internationalism, feminism
PLD: Liberal Democratic Party None Aurélien Véron Classical liberalism
FA: Anarchist Federation None Collective Anarchist Synthesist, anarchism without adjectives
AL: Alternative Libertaire None Collective Anarchist Communism

Major regionalist parties[edit]

(with past or present representation in at least a regional council)

French Revolution[edit]

Historical parties[edit]

Political parties in French overseas possessions[edit]

Note: Many of the parties in French oversea possessions have strong ties to counterparts in Metropolitan France.

Overseas departmental parties represented in the National Assembly[edit]

Lists[edit]

Historical parties[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]