List of political parties in Germany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article lists political parties in Germany.

The Federal Republic of Germany has a plural multi party system. The largest by members and parliament seats are the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), with its sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU) and Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).

Germany also has a number of other parties, in recent history most importantly the Free Democratic Party (FDP), Alliance 90/The Greens, The Left, and more recently the Alternative for Germany (AfD), founded in 2013. The federal government of Germany often consisted of a coalition of a major and a minor party, specifically CDU/CSU and FDP or SPD and FDP, and from 1998 to 2005 SPD and Greens. From 1966 to 1969, from 2005 to 2009 and from 2013 to 2021, the federal government consisted of a coalition of the two major parties, called Grand Coalition.[1] Coalitions in the Bundestag and state legislatures are often described by party colors. Party colors are red for the Social Democratic Party, green for Alliance 90/The Greens, yellow for the Free Democratic Party, purple (officially red, which is customarily used for the SPD) for the Left, light blue for the AfD, and black and blue for the CDU and CSU respectively.[2][3]

Current parties[edit]

Parties represented in the Bundestag and/or the European Parliament[edit]

Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Political position MdBs MEPs EP group Membership
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, Logo um 2000.svg
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands
SPD Lars Klingbeil,
Saskia Esken
Social democracy
Pro-Europeanism
Centre-left
206 / 736
16 / 96
S&D 404,305
Cdu-logo.svg
Christian Democratic Union of Germany
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands
CDU Friedrich Merz Centre-right
152 / 736
23 / 96
EPP 399,110
CSU Logo since 2016.svg
Christian Social Union in Bavaria
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern
CSU Markus Söder Centre-right
45 / 736
6 / 96
EPP 137,010
Bündnis 90 - Die Grünen Logo (transparent).svg
Alliance 90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
GRÜNE Ricarda Lang,
Omid Nouripour
Centre to centre-left
118 / 736
21 / 96
Greens/EFA 106,000
Logo der Freien Demokraten.svg
Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei
FDP Christian Lindner Liberalism
Classical liberalism
Conservative liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Centre to centre-right
92 / 736
5 / 96
RE 73,000
AfD Logo 2021.svg
Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland
AfD Tino Chrupalla,
Alice Weidel
Right-wing populism
National conservatism
German nationalism
Far-right[a]
81 / 736
9 / 96
ID 28,636
Die Linke logo.svg
The Left
Die Linke
LINKE Martin Schirdewan,
Janine Wissler
Democratic socialism
Left-wing populism
Left-wing[b]
39 / 736
7 / 96
GUE/NGL 60,681
FreieWählerBayernLogo2020.svg
Free Voters
Freie Wähler
FW Hubert Aiwanger Liberal conservatism
Regionalism
Centre to centre-right
0 / 736
2 / 96
RE 5,682
Zentrumspartei Logo.png
German Centre Party
Deutsche Zentrumspartei
ZENTRUM Christian Otte Christian democracy
Conservatism
Social conservatism
Centre-right
0 / 736
1 / 96
300
Südschleswigscher Wählerverband, Logo.svg
South Schleswig Voters' Association
Südschleswigscher Wählerverband
SSW Christian Dirschauer Social liberalism
Regionalism
Danish minority interests
Frisian minority interests
1 / 736
0 / 96
Greens/EFA 3,394
Die PARTEI Logo.svg
Die PARTEI
Partei für Arbeit, Rechtsstaat, Tierschutz,
Elitenförderung und basisdemokratische Initiative
Die PARTEI Martin Sonneborn Left-wing
0 / 736
1 / 96
51,078
OEDP Logo CMYK.svg
Ecological Democratic Party
Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei
ÖDP Christian Rechholz Green conservatism Centre-right
0 / 736
1 / 96
Greens/EFA 8,035
BündnisDeutschlandLogo.png
Alliance Germany
Bündnis Deutschland
BP Steffen Große Conservatism Centre-right to right-wing
0 / 736
1 / 96
ECR
Logo Volt Europa.svg
Volt Germany
Volt Deutschland
Volt Connor Geiger
Rebekka Müller
Social liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
European federalism
0 / 736
1 / 96
Greens/EFA 3,000
Piratenpartei Deutschland Logo 01.svg
Pirate Party Germany
Piratenpartei Deutschland
PIRATEN Anne Herpertz Pirate politics
E-democracy
Direct democracy
Social liberalism
European federalism
0 / 736
1 / 96
Greens/EFA 7,770
FamilienPartei Logo2007.svg
Family Party of Germany
Familien-Partei Deutschlands
Familie Helmut Geuking Conservatism
Familialism
Social conservatism
Christian democracy
Centre-right to right-wing
0 / 736
1 / 96
EPP
  1. ^ A right-wing party originally starting as a centre-right alternative to the CDU/CSU, since 2015 it is considered to be part of the radical right, a subset of the far-right that does not oppose democracy.
  2. ^ A broad left-wing party, it includes some far-left factions.

Other parties represented in state parliaments[edit]

Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Political position State
Bürger für Thüringen Logo.png
Citizens for Thuringia
Bürger für Thüringen
BfTh Ute Bergner Right-wing populism Right-wing Thuringia (4 seats)
Logo-BVB-FREIE-WAEHLER.svg
Brandenburg United Civic Movements/Free Voters
Brandenburger Vereinigte Bürgerbewegungen / Freie Wähler
BVB/FW Péter Vida Regionalism Brandenburg (3 seats)
Bürger in Wut Logo.svg
Citizens in Rage
Bürger in Wut
BIW Jan Timke Right-wing populism Right-wing Bremen (1 seat)

Minor parties[edit]

Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Political position EP group
Action Party for Animal Welfare
Aktion Partei für Tierschutz
Tierschutz hier! Thomas Schwarz Animal rights
Logo der Partei Bündnis C - Christen für Deutschland.svg
Alliance C – Christians for Germany
Bündnis C – Christen für Deutschland
Bündnis C Karin Heepen & Ole Steffes Conservatism
Christian fundamentalism
Right-wing ECPM
Buendnis fuer Innovation und Gerechtigkeit logo.svg
Alliance for Innovation and Justice
Bündnis für Innovation und Gerechtigkeit
BIG Haluk Yildiz Political Islam
Alliance for Human Rights, Animal and Nature Protection
Allianz für Menschenrechte, Tier- und Naturschutz
Tierschutzallianz Josef Fassl Animal rights
Allianz Deutscher Demokraten Partei Logo Aktualisiert.png
Alliance of German Democrats
Allianz Deutscher Demokraten
AD-Demokraten Ramazan Akbaş Conservatism
Political Islam
APPD-Logo.svg
Anarchist Pogo Party of Germany
Anarchistische Pogo-Partei Deutschlands
APPD Peter Vehreschild Satire Apoliticism
ARMINIUS logo black.svg
Arminius – Association of the German People
Arminius – Bund des deutschen Volkes
Arminius – Bund Johann Thießen Russlanddeutsche interests
German nationalism
Far-right
BGE Logo neu.png
Basic Income Alliance
Bündnis Grundeinkommen
BGE Martin Sonnabend Universal basic income Single-issue
Bayernpartei Logo.svg
Bavaria Party
Bayernpartei
BP Florian Weber Autonomism
Bavarian nationalism
Regionalism
Conservatism
Centre-right EFA
Bergpartei - die Überpartei Logo.png
Bergpartei, die "ÜberPartei"
Bergpartei, die Überpartei
B* Rico Tscharntke Post-left anarchy
Dadaism
Far-left
Logo Klimaliste square 2020.svg
Climate List Germany
Klimaliste Deutschland
KL Fabian Aisenbrey, Doris Vollmer Climate change mitigation
Bürgerbewegung für Fortschritt und Wandel Logo.png
Citizens' movement for progress and change
Bürgerbewegung für Fortschritt und Wandel
BÜRGERBEWEGUNG Uwe Hück Progressivism
BüSo Logo.png
Civil Rights Movement Solidarity
Bürgerrechtsbewegung Solidarität
BüSo Helga Zepp-LaRouche LaRouche movement Syncretic
Kpd-flagge-icon.png
Communist Party of Germany
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands
KPD Torsten Schöwitz Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Stalinism
Far-left
Aufbruch C Logo 2021.png
Breakthrough C
Aufbruch C
Andreas Epp Christian democracy
Conservatism
Right-wing
Demokratie Direkt Logo.png
Democracy Direct!
Demokratie DIREKT!
DIE DIREKTE! Christian Rombeck Direct democracy
DiB Logo.jpg
Democracy in Motion
Demokratie in Bewegung
DiB Julia Beerhold, Alexander Plitsch Democratic socialism Left-wing
Democratic Left
Demokratische Linke
DL Eckehart Ehrenberg Democratic socialism Left-wing
Ecological Left
Ökologische Linke
ÖkoLinX Grassroots democracy
Eco-socialism
Anti-fascism
Left-wing to far-left
Bildet Berlin Logo.svg
Educate Berlin!
Bildet Berlin!
Bildet Berlin! Florian Bublys, Tamara Adamzik Education reform Single-issue
Europäische Partei LIEBE Logo.png
European Party Love
Europäische Partei Liebe
LIEBE European federalism
Subsidized marriage
Feministische Partei Die Frauen Logo.svg
Feminist Party of Germany
Feministische Partei Die Frauen
DIE FRAUEN Renate Schmidtsdorff-Aicher Feminism
Free Citizens' Union
Freie Bürger Union
FBU Walter Pfleiderer National liberalism
Conservatism
Nationalism
Right-wing
FBM Logo.png
Free Citizen Central Germany
Freie Bürger Mitteldeutschland
FBM Regionalism
Logo FREiER HORIZONT.png
Free Horizon
Freier Horizont
FREiER HORIZONT Norbert Schumacher Anti-Wind turbine Single-issue
Freiparlamentarische Allianz Schriftlogo.svg
Free Parliamentary Alliance
Freiparlamentarische Allianz
FPA Luca Piwodda Participatory democracy
Flag of the Freie Sachsen.jpg
Free Saxons
Freie Sachsen
FS Martin Kohiman Saxon monarchism
Regionalism
Right-wing to Far-right
Volksabstimmung Logo.jpg
From Now on... Democracy Through Referendum
Ab jetzt … Demokratie durch Volksabstimmung
Volksabstimmung Helmut Fleck Direct Democracy
Nationalism
Right-wing
Gartenpartei Logo.png
Garden Party
Gartenpartei
Gartenpartei Roland Zander Pro-Allotment
Environmentalism
DM-Logo final.png
German Centre
Deutsche Mitte
DM Sven Hüther Right-wing populism
Anti-vaccination
Right-wing
Deutsche Konservative Logo.jpg
German Conservatives
Deutsche Konservative
Deutsche Konservative Dieter Jochim Conservatism
National conservatism
Centre-right to Right-wing
Deutsche Kommunistische Partei Logo.svg
German Communist Party
Deutsche Kommunistische Partei
DKP Patrik Köbele Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Far-left
German Party
Deutsche Partei – Die Freiheitlichen
DP Gerd-Uwe Dahlmann National conservatism
German nationalism
Right-wing populism
Right-wing
Deutsche Sportpartei Logo.jpg
German Sports Party
Deutsche Sportpartei
DSP Michael Möller Grassroots democracy
Sport for social development
Anti-Doping
Logo Deutsche Soziale Union.png
German Social Union
Deutsche Soziale Union
DSU Roberto Rink National conservatism
Social conservatism
Right-wing
Logo of the Grassroots Democratic Party of Germany.svg
Grassroots Democratic Party of Germany
Basisdemokratische Partei Deutschland
dieBasis Reiner Fuellmich, Viviane Fischer Grassroots democracy
Anti-lockdown
Anti-vaccination
Far-right
Gray Panthers
Graue Panther
Graue Panther Georg Schulte
GFA-Logo.png
Basic Income for All
Grundeinkommen für Alle
GFA Uwe Bjorck Universal basic income Single-issue
Logo Humanwirtschaftspartei 2019.jpg
Human Economy Party
Humanwirtschaftspartei
HUMANWIRTSCHAFT Dieter Müller Freiwirtschaft
Tierschutzpartei-Logo.svg
Human Environment Animal Protection
Partei Mensch Umwelt Tierschutz
Tierschutzpartei Aida Spiegeler Castaneda
Marcel Krohn
Robert Gabel
Animal rights
Environmentalism
APEU
Logo von MENSCHLICHE WELT.png
Human world - for the well-being and happiness of all
Menschliche Welt – für das Wohl und Glücklichsein aller
MENSCHLICHE WELT Michael Moritz Progressive utilization theory
Anti-vaccination
Pacifism
Unabhaengige.gif
Independents for citizen-friendly democracy
UNABHÄNGIGE für bürgernahe Demokratie
UNABHÄNGIGE Werner Fischer Independent politics
Direct democracy
LKR Logo 2020.svg
Liberal Conservative Reformers
Liberal-konservative Reformer
LKR Jürgen Joost Centre-right to Right-wing ECR Party
Logo Liberale Demokraten - Die Sozialliberalen.svg
Liberal Democrats – The Social Liberals
Liberale Demokraten – Die Sozialliberalen
LD Bernd Grothkopp Social liberalism
Lobbyists for Children
Lobbyisten für Kinder
LfK Johanna Nelkner, Fabio Libonati Children's rights
Logo Lausitzer Allianz.png
Lusatian Alliance
Lausitzer Allianz / Łužiska Alianca / Łužyska Alianca
Hannes Wilhelm-Kell Regionalism
Progressivism
Ethnic minority interests
MLPD Logo 2011 (2).svg
Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany
Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands
MLPD Gabi Fechtner Marxism–Leninism
Communism
Far-left
Mindful Democrats
Achtsame Demokraten
Die Achtsamen
MSP Logo.png
Modern Social Party
Moderne Soziale Partei
MSP
Mut Logo.svg
mut
mut
mut Claudia Stamm Social liberalism Centre-left
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands (NPD), logo 2013.svg
National Democratic Party of Germany
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands
NPD Frank Franz Neo-Nazism
Ultranationalism
Pan-Germanism
Anti-immigration
Revanchism
Far-right APF
Neo Logo.png
neo. Wellbeing for all
neo. Wohlstand für alle
neo. Jörg Gastmann Economic Balance System
Universal basic income
Grassroots democracy
New Strength Party
Neue Stärke Partei
NSP Sara Storch, Christoph Thews Neo-Nazism Far-right
Eine für Alle Partei Logo.svg
One for all - Party
Eine für Alle - Partei
Eine für Alle Grassroots democracy
Partei für Franken Logo.svg
Party for Franconia
Partei für Franken
DIE FRANKEN Robert Gattenlöhner Regionalism
Logo parteifuergesundheitsforschung.png
Party for Health Research
Partei für Gesundheitsforschung
Gesundheitsforschung Felix Werth Single-issue politics Single-issue
PDH Logo Redesign.svg
Party of Humanists
Partei der Humanisten
Die Humanisten Alexander Mucha Humanism
Secularism
Civil libertarianism
Social liberalism
Partei des Fortschritts Logo.svg
Party of Progress
Partei des Fortschritts
PdF Grassroots democracy
Partei der Vernunft Logo.png
Party of Reason
Partei der Vernunft
PDV Friedrich Dominicus Libertarianism EPIL
Peto.png
PETO
PETO
PETO Lydia Hannawald Youth interests
Mieterpartei Logo.jpg
Renters Party
Mieterpartei
MIETERPARTEI Anke Hahn, Hartmut Bräunlich Anti-high rent
SGV Logo.svg
SGV – Solidarity, Equality, Change
SGV – Solidarität, Gerechtigkeit, Veränderung
SGV Anti-corruption
Sldplogo.png
Ecological-Left Liberal Democratic Party
Ökolinksliberale Demokratische Partei
ÖLDP Bérangère Bultheel Social democracy
Social liberalism
European Federalism
Centre-left
Logo future-260x123.png
Future!
future!
future! Stephan Bublitz Youth interests
Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei Logo.png
Socialist Equality Party
Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei
SGP Ulrich Rippert Trotskyism Far-left
Stattpartei-logo.jpg
Statt Party
Statt Partei
STATT Robert W. Hugo Populism
TeamTodenhoefer Logo.png
Team Todenhöfer – The Justice Party
Team Todenhöfer – Die Gerechtigkeitspartei
Team Todenhöfer Jürgen Todenhöfer Anti-militarism
Populism
LDF2010.png
The Frisians
Die Friesen
FRIESEN Ralf Bieneck Ethnic minority interests EFA
Die Grauen Logo 2017.png
The Grays – For all Generations
Die Grauen – Für alle Generationen
Die Grauen Michael Schulz Intergenerationality
Die Reformer Logo.png
The Reformers
Die Reformer
REFORMER Erich Schuster Liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
An oak wreath on logo of the German party "The Third Path" - Parteilogo "Der III. Weg.jpg
The III. Path
Der III. Weg
III. Weg Klaus Armstroff Neo-Nazism
Strasserism
Ethnic nationalism
German nationalism
Hard Euroscepticism
Far-right
Die neuen Demokraten Logo.png
The New Democrats
Die neuen Demokraten
Security
Bündnis21 Logo.svg
The Pink/ Alliance21
Die Pinken/Bündnis21
BÜNDNIS21 Anti-corruption
REP Logo Claim.svg
The Republicans
Die Republikaner
REP Tilo Schöne German nationalism
National conservatism
Euroscepticism
Social conservatism
Right-wing
Parteilogo der Partei DIE RECHTE ab 11-2017.jpg
The Right
Die Rechte
Die RECHTE Christian Worch Neo-Nazism
Ultranationalism
Pan-Germanism
Anti-immigration
Historical revisionism
Far-right
The Sharks – Party with bite
Die Haie – Partei mit Biss
HAIE Jan Heie Erchinger Pragmatism Centre
Cropped-die-sonstigen Logo-02-scaled.jpg
The Others
DIE SONSTIGEN
sonstige Democratic confederalism
Progressivism
Anti-militarism
Left-wing
Die Urbane Logo.png
The Urbans. A HipHop Party
Die Urbane. Eine HipHop Partei
du Niki Drakos, Raphael Hillebrand Social justice
Die Violetten Logo 20190515.jpg
The Violets
Die Violetten
Die Violetten Irene Garcia Garcia Spiritualism
Direct democracy
Environmentalism
Thüringer Heimatpartei Logo.png
Thuringian Homeland Party
Thüringer Heimatpartei
THP
Schriftzug-v-partei.png
V-Partei³ – Party for Change, Vegetarians and Vegans
V-Partei³ – Partei für Veränderung, Vegetarier und Veganer
Roland Wegner Animal rights
Environmentalism
WiR2020 logo.svg
WiR2020
WiR2020
W2020 Wolfgang Romberg, Sonja Früh Anti-vaccinationism
Anti-lockdown
Zukunft Partei Logo.svg
Future.
Zukunft.
Z. Lasse Lorenzen Regionalism

Historical parties[edit]

Defunct parties in the Federal Republic of Germany[edit]

Logo Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Active Note
50Plus The generation alliance
50Plus Das Generationen-Bündnis
50Plus Hans Werner Müller Right-wing populism 2004-2009
Action Democratic Progress
Aktion Demokratischer Fortschritt
ADF Collective leadership Communism 1968-1969
Action Group Fourth Party
Aktionsgemeinschaft Vierte Partei
AVP Christian Ernst Dietrich Bahner National conservatism 1975-1978
Action Group of Independent Germans
Aktionsgemeinschaft Unabhängiger Deutscher
AUD Hermann Schwann (1965-1968) German nationalism
Environmentalism
Neutrality
1965-1980 Merged into The Greens
Aktive Demokratie direkt Logo.png
Active Democracy direct
Aktive Demokratie direkt
ADd Direct democracy
E-democracy
2011-2016
All-German Bloc/League of Expellees and Deprived of Rights
Gesamtdeutscher Block/Bund der Heimatvertriebenen und Entrechteten
GB/BHE Waldemar Kraft (1951-1954) National conservatism
German nationalism
Expellee interests
1950-1961 Merged into DP
All-German Party of Germany
Gesamtdeutsche Partei Deutschlands
GPD Frank Seiboth, Herbert Schneider National conservatism
German nationalism
Expellee interests
1961-1981 Merger of GB/BHE and DP
All-German People's Party
Gesamtdeutsche Volkspartei
GVP Gustav Heinemann Anti-Western integration[de]
Christian democracy
Anti-militarism
Neutrality
1952-1957 Split from CDU, merged into SPD
Allianz für Gesundheit, Frieden und soziale Gerechtigkeit Logo.svg
Alliance for Health, Peace and Social Justice
Allianz für Gesundheit, Frieden und soziale Gerechtigkeit
AGFG Matthias Rath Alternative medicine 2005-2009
Alliance of Germans, Party for Unity, Peace and Freedom
Bund der Deutschen, Partei für Einheit, Frieden und Freiheit
BdD Josef Weber (1964-1968) Anti-Western integration[de]
Anti-militarism
Neutrality
1953-1968 Merged into DFU
Allianz der mitte parteilogo.png
Alliance of the Centre
Allianz der Mitte
ADM Hans Weide Conservatism 2004-2012 Merged into Deutsche Konservative
Asp.svg
Automobile Taxpayers Party
Automobile Steuerzahler-Partei
ASP Motorist interests 1993-2002
Awakening for civil rights, freedom and health
Aufbruch für Bürgerrechte, Freiheit und Gesundheit
AUFBRUCH Hans Christoph Scheiner Anti-wireless expansion
Alternative medicine
1998-2012
Christliche Mitte Verein Logo.jpg
Christian Centre
Christliche Mitte — Für ein Deutschland nach GOTTES Geboten
CM Josef Happel National conservatism
Christian conservatism
Social conservatism
1988-2016 Still exists as a think tank
Christian League - The Party for Life
Christliche Liga – Die Partei für das Leben
LIGA Ewald Jaksch Christian right
Conservatism
1985-1995
Citizens for Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Bürger für Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
BMV Michael Bertram Conservatism
Regionalism
2018 Split from AfD, merged into Free Voters
KBW flag.png
Communist League of West Germany
Kommunistischer Bund Westdeutschland
KBW Joscha Schmierer (1973-1982) Maoism 1973-1985
Communist Party of Germany (Roter Morgen) logo.gif
Communist Party of Germany (Roter Morgen)
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (Roter Morgen)
KPD (Roter Morgen) Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Hoxhaism
1985-? Split from KPD/ML
Symbol of KPD-ML.svg
Communist Party of Germany/Marxists–Leninists
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands/Marxisten-Leninisten
KPD/ML Ernst Aust (1968-1983) Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Anti-revisionism
Hoxhaism
1968-1986 Newspaper still exists
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, Logo um 1920.svg
Communist Party of Germany
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands
KPD Max Reimann (1948-1956) Communism
Marxism-Leninism
1918-1956 Banned in 1956
DSLP Logo.png
Democratic Gay/ Lesbian Party - The People's Party
Demokratische Schwul / Lesbische Partei - Die Bürgerpartei
DSLP Thomas Mosmann Homonationalism
Anti-Islam
2013-2016
DL 1967 Logo.png
Democratic Left
Demokratische Linke
DL Socialism 1967-1970
Democratic Socialists
Demokratische Sozialisten
DS Eurocommunism 1982-1991
D-LogoXL.png
Democratic Party of Germany
Demokratische Partei
DPD Markus Giersch Universal basic income
Grassroots democracy
Anti-Noise pollution
2009-2015
Autofahrer- und Volksinteressenpartei Logo.jpg
Drivers' and People's Interest Party
Autofahrer- und Volksinteressenpartei
AViP Andreas Uhing Motorist interests
Euroscepticism
2011-2016
Equality Party
Gerechtigkeitspartei
G 1973-1978
European Federalist Party
Europäische Föderalistische Partei
EFP Karl Hahn European federalism 1964-1994
European Workers-Party
Europäische Arbeiter-Partei
EAP Helga Zepp-LaRouche LaRouche movement 1974-1986 Succeeded by Patrioten
Expellee and Migrants Party of Germany – Unity
Aussiedler und Migranten Partei Deutschland – EINHEIT
DIE EINHEIT Dimitri Rempel Russophilia
Conservatism
Expellee interests
2013-?
Free Citizens' Initiative
Freie Bürger-Initiative
FBI Dr. Thomas Kernebeck Direct democracy 1994-?
Free German People's Party
Freiheitliche Deutsche Volkspartei
FDVP Nationalism 2000-2003 Split from DVU, merged into DP
Free German Workers Party logo.svg
Free German Workers' Party
Freiheitliche Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
FAP Michael Kühnen (1979-1989) Neo-Nazism
Strasserism
1979-1995 Banned in 1995
Freie Union logo.png
Free Union
Freie Union
FU Danny Hoffmann Conservatism
Direct democracy
Economic liberalism
2009-2019
German Community
Deutsche Gemeinschaft
DG Otto Hess German nationalism
Anti-militarism
Revanchism
Strasserism
Neutrality
1949-1965 Merged into AUD
German Conservative Party - German Right Party
Deutsche Konservative Partei – Deutsche Rechtspartei
DKP-DRP Wilhelm Jaeger (1947-1949) National conservatism 1956-1950 Merged into DRP and DP
German Democratic Party
Deutsche Demokratische Partei
ddp Thorsten Sandvoß Third way
Universal basic income
2004-2015
Logo of the German Reich Party.png
German Empire Party
Deutsche Reichspartei
DRP Heinrich Kunstmann, Adolf von Thadden, Alexander Andrae Neo-Nazism
(after 1952)
Pan-Germanism
German nationalism
1950-1956 Merger of DRP and NDP
German Freedom Party
Deutsche Freiheitspartei
DFP Heinrich Kunstmann German nationalism
Strasserism
Neutrality
1962-1964 Split from DRP, merged into AUD
Logo-Die-Freiheit.jpg
German Freedom Party
Die Freiheit – Bürgerrechtspartei für mehr Freiheit und Demokratie
DIE FREIHEIT Michael Stürzenberger Classical liberalism
Direct democracy
Right-wing populism
Hard Euroscepticism
2010-2016
Logo Deutsche Partei.svg
German Party
Deutsche Partei
DP Heinrich Hellwege German nationalism
National conservatism
Constitutional monarchism
1947-1961
German Party
Deutsche Partei
DP Adolf von Thadden (after 1967) National conservatism 1961-1980 Founded by former members of the 1947 DP
German Peace Union
Deutsche Friedens-Union
DFU Pacifism
Neutrality
Anti-militarism
1960 -1984/90
DVUpartei.svg
German People's Union
Deutsche Volksunion
DVU Matthias Faust (2009-2011) Pan-Germanism
National conservatism
Right-wing populism
1971/87-2011 Split from and merged into NPD
Deutsche Aufbau Partei.jpg
German Reconstruction Party
Deutsche Aufbaupartei
D|A|P Tobias Stober D-Mark reintroduction 2017-2019
Logo of the German Social Union.svg
German Social Union
Deutsch-Soziale Union
DSU Otto Strasser Strasserism
Revolutionary nationalism
1956-1962
German Solidarity - Union for the Environment and Life Protection
Deutsche Solidarität – Union für Umwelt und Lebensschutz
Öko-Union Horst Götting National conservatism 1978-1997 Split from AVP
German Union
Deutsche Union
DU Siegfried Zoglmann National liberalism 1971-1980
Logo HumanistischePartei.jpg
Humanist Party
Humanistische Partei
HP New Humanism
Social liberalism
Grassroots democracy
1984-2006
UAP logo.png
Independent Workers' Party (German Socialists)
Unabhängige Arbeiter-Partei (Deutsche Sozialisten)
UAP Ulrich Villmow (1995-2014) Strasserism
Neue Rechte
European federalism
Democratic socialism
1962-2014 Split from DSU, unofficial successor
Independent Workers' Party of Germany
Unabhängige Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands
UAPD Titoism
Trotskyism
1950-1952
Kreuzberg Patriotic Democrats/Realistic Center
Kreuzberger Patriotische Demokraten/Realistisches Zentrum
KPD/RZ Hans Joachim Grimm Satire
Anti-fascism
1988-2016 Merged into Die PARTEI
WASG-Logo.gif
Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative
Arbeit und soziale Gerechtigkeit – Die Wahlalternative
WASG Klaus Ernst, Thomas Händel, Christine Buchholz, Axel Troost Democratic socialism
Trade unionism
2005-2007 Merged into The Left
League of German Communists
Bund Deutscher Kommunisten
BDK Communism
Marxism-Leninism
1972-? Split from DKP
Liberal People's Party
Freiheitliche Volkspartei
FVP Franz Handlos National conservatism
Social conservatism
1985-1992 Split from The Republicans
Maritime Union of Germany
Maritime Union Deutschland
MUD Konrad Fischer Fishermans' interests
Social democracy
Euroscepticism
2011-2012
Mature Citizens
Die Mündigen Bürger
Mündige Bürger Erika Herbst National conservatism
Alternative medicine
Esotericism
1975-1994
Motorist and citizens' interest party in Germany
Autofahrer- und Bürgerinteressenpartei Deutschlands
APD Anton K. Marth (1988-1995) Motorist interests 1988-2002
Muslimisch-Demokratische-Union-logo.png
Muslim Democratic Union
Muslimische Demokratische Union
MDU Islamism
Salafism
2010-2014 Merged into BIG
National Liberal Action
Nationalliberale Aktion
NLA Erich Mende National liberalism 1970-1971
National Democratic Empire Party
Nationaldemokratische Reichspartei
NDRP Neo-Nazism 1950-1951 Merger of multiple smaller parties,
succeeded by Young Party
Natural Law Party
Naturgesetz-Partei, Aufbruch zu neuem Bewusstsein
NATURGESETZ Transcendental Meditation 1992-2004
New consciousness - The holistic-esoteric party of Germany
Neues Bewußtsein die ganzheitlich-esoterische Partei Deutschlands
Bewußtsein New-Age movement
Esotericism
1989-?
NNP 2014 2015-Logo.jpg
New National Party
Neue Nationale Partei
NNP Jens Tholen Social liberalism
Anti-fascism
2014-2015
LUPe Logo.jpg
Noise torture-Environment-Politics-Honest
Lärmfolter-Umwelt-Politik-ehrlich
LUPe Klaus Zimmer Anti-Noise pollution 2013-2016
Elternpartei-logo.jpg
Parent Party
Elternpartei
Eltern Werner Jock Parents' interests 2005-2010
Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive - Logo 2001-2004.svg
Party for a Rule of Law Offensive
Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive
PRO Ronald Schill (2000-2003) Right-wing populism
Conservatism
Law and order
2000-2007 Commonly known as Schill-Partei
Party for Labour, Environment and Family
AUF - Partei für Arbeit, Umwelt und Familie - Christen für Deutschland
AUF Conservatism
Christian fundamentalism
2008-2015 Merged into Alliance C
Partei Bibeltreuer Christen logo.svg
Party of Bible-abiding Christians
Partei Bibeltreuer Christen
PBC Gerhard Heinzmann Christian right
Pentecostalism
Christian fundamentalism
1989-2015 Merged into Alliance C
PDS-Logo.svg
Party of Democratic Socialism
Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus
PDS Lothar Bisky (2003-2007) Democratic socialism
Left-wing populism
1989-2007 Merged into The Left
Partei nichtwähler logo.jpg
Party of Non-Voters
Partei der Nichtwähler
Nichtwähler Werner Peters Protest party
Direct democracy
1998-2016
Party of those willing to work and the socially disadvantaged
Partei der Arbeitswilligen und Sozial Schwachen
PASS Frank Knüppel (1998-2000) Protest party
Unemployed interests
1993-2009
Patriots for Germany
Patrioten für Deutschland
Patrioten Helga Zepp-LaRouche LaRouche movement
National conservatism
1986-1992 Succeeded by BüSo
Peace List
Die Friedensliste
FRIEDEN 1984-1986:
Mechtild Jansen
Manfred Coppik
Hans Mausbach
Peace movement 1984-1989
Rentner Partei Deutschland.png
Pensioners' Party Germany
Rentner Partei Deutschland
RENTNER Günter Pfeiffer Senior citizens interests 2002-2016
RRP-Logo.png
Pensioners' Party
Rentnerinnen- und Rentner-Partei
RRP Manfred Link Senior citizens interests 2007-2016
Pro Germany Citizens' Movement
Bürgerbewegung pro Deutschland
pro Deutschland Manfred Rouhs Right-wing populism 2005-2017
Pro NRW
Bürgerbewegung pro NRW
pro NRW Markus Beisicht Right-wing populism
Anti-immigration
Anti-Islam
2007-2019
Posadist Communist Party
Posadistische Kommunistische Partei
Paul Schulz Posadism 1969-2005
Sarazzist Party ━ for Referendums
Sarazzistische Partei – für Volksentscheide
SPV Kai Schulze Sarrazism
Direct democracy
2010-2011
Flag of Socialist Reich Party.svg
Socialist Reich Party
Sozialistische Reichspartei Deutschlands
SRP Otto Ernst Remer, Fritz Dorls, Gerhard Krüger National Socialism 1949-1952 Banned in 1952
Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin
Sozialistische Einheitspartei Westberlins
SEW Gerhard Danelius (1962-1978) Communism
Marxism-Leninism
1962-1991 Split from SED
Spartacus League
Spartacusbund
SpB Trotskyism 1974-1980s
RoterOktober.svg
Red October
Roter Oktober
RO Communism
Marxism-Leninism
2002-2009 Split from KPD (RO)
Revolutionary Socialist League
Revolutionär Sozialistischer Bund/Vierte Internationale
RSB Trotskyism 1994-2016 Merged into ISO
Die blaue Partei Logo vectorized.svg
The Blue Party
Die blaue Partei
Blaue #TeamPetry Frauke Petry National conservatism
National liberalism
Euroscepticism
2017-2019 Split from the AfD
The Grays – Gray Panthers
Die Grauen – Graue Panther
GRAUE Anti-Ageism
Green politics
Senior citizens interests
1989-2008 Split into Die Grauen and Graue Panther
NL Logo Petrol.png
The Social Liberals
Die Sozialliberalen
SL Mikael Horstmann Social liberalism
European federalism
2014-2021 Still exists as a think tank
The Ungovernable - Autonomous List
Die Unregierbaren – Autonome Liste
U/AL Anti-fascism
Direct action
1989-2009
Bund Freier Bürger Logo.gif
Union of Free Citizens
Bund freier Bürger
BFB Manfred Brunner National liberalism
Right-wing populism
1994-2000
Union of Free Germany
Bund Freies Deutschland
BFD Right-wing populism 1973-1977
Vereinigte Sozialistische Partei.jpg
United Socialist Party
Vereinigte Sozialistische Partei
VSP Socialism 1986-2000
West German Women's Peace Movement
Westdeutsche Frauenfriedensbewegung
WFFB Klara Marie Faßbinder German reunification
Anti-militarism
Pacifism
1952-1974
Woman's Party
Frauenpartei
Frauen Sibylle Schücking-Helfferich Feminism 1979-1989
Arbeit für Bremen und Bremerhaven, AfB, logo.svg
Work for Bremen and Bremerhaven
Arbeit für Bremen und Bremerhaven
AFB Centrism 1995-2004
Parteilogo der Jugend- und Entwicklungspartei Deutschlands, 2017.jpg
Youth and Development Party of Germany
Jugend- und Entwicklungspartei Deutschlands
JED Till Müller, Lukas Ostermann Youth interests
Social liberalism
Cannabis legalization
2017-2019
Young Party
Junge Partei
Neo-Nazism
Neutrality
1951-1951/2

Defunct parties in Allied-occupied Germany[edit]

Logo Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Active Note
Democratic People's Party
Demokratische Volkspartei
DVP Theodor Heuss Liberalism 1946-1948 Merged into FDP
German Conservative Party
Deutsche Konservative Partei
DKP Eldor Borck, Otto Schmidt-Hannover National conservatism 1946-1950 Merged into DKP-DRP
German Reconstruction Party
Deutsche Aufbaupartei
DAP Monarchism
German nationalism
1945-1946 Merged into DKP-DRP
Lower Saxony State Party
Niedersächsische Landespartei
Regionalism
Christian conservatism
Establishment of Lower Saxony
1945-1947 Merged into DP
National Democratic Party
Nationaldemokratische Partei
NDP Heinrich Leuchtgens National conservatism 1945-1950 Only active in Hesse, merged into DRP
RSF-Logo.jpg
Radical Social Freedom Party
Radikal-Soziale Freiheitspartei
RSF Richard Batz, Peter Thielen Freiwirtschaft
Border abolition
Decentralization
1946-1950 Succeeded by HUMANWIRTSCHAFT

Parties in East Germany[edit]

Bloc Logo Name Abbr. Ideology Note
National Front
Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands Logo.svg
Socialist Unity Party of Germany
Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschland
SED Stalinism
Communism
Marxism-Leninism
"Leading Role" per 1968 Constitution, succeeded by PDS
CDU DDR logo transparent.png
Christian Democratic Union of Germany
Christlich-Demokratische Union Deutschlands
CDUD Christian socialism
Social conservatism
Merged into the CDU
LDPD logo transparent.png
Liberal Democratic Party of Germany
Liberal-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands
LDPD Liberal socialism Merged into Association of Free Democrats (partly)
DBD logo transparent.png
Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany
Demokratische Bauernpartei Deutschlands
DBD Agrarianism
Agrarian socialism
Merged into CDUD
DEU NDPD Logo.svg
National Democratic Party of Germany
National-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands
NDPD Conservatism
National conservatism
Socialism
Merged into FDP

During transition (1989–90)[edit]

Alliances Logo Name Abbr. Ideology Note
Bündnis 90.svg
Alliance 90
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-0209-022, Logo Demokratie jetzt.jpg
Democracy Now
Demokratie Jetzt
DJ Democratic socialism Merged into Alliance 90/The Greens
Initiative für Frieden und Menschenrechte.svg
Initiative for Peace and Human Rights
Initiative für Frieden und Menschenrechte
IFM Anti-Communism
NEUES FORUM.jpg
New Forum
Neues Forum
NF Progressivism
Logo of the Alliance for Germany.png
Alliance for Germany
CDU DDR logo transparent.png
Christian Democratic Union of Germany
Christlich-Demokratische Union Deutschlands
CDUD Christian democracy
Social conservatism
Anti-Communism
Merged into the CDU
DemokratischerAufbruch.svg
Democratic Beginning
Demokratischer Aufbruch
DA Liberal democracy
Christian democracy
Merged into CDUD
Logo Deutsche Soziale Union.png
German Social Union
Deutsche Soziale Union
DSU National conservatism
Christian democracy
Social conservatism
Still exists, see Minor parties
Bund Freier Demokraten.svg
Association of Free Democrats
LDPD logo transparent.png
Liberal Democratic Party of Germany
Liberal-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands
LDPD Liberalism Merged into FDP
DFP Logo.png
German Forum Party
Deutsche Forumpartei
DFP Liberalism
Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei
FDP Liberalism
DBD logo transparent.png
Democratic Farmers' Party of Germany
Demokratische Bauernpartei Deutschlands
DBD Agrarianism Merged into CDUD
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1990-0208-015, Logo Grüne Partei der DDR.svg
Green Party
Grüne Partei
Die Grünen Green politics Merged into Alliance 90/The Greens
DEU NDPD Logo.svg
National Democratic Party of Germany
National-Demokratische Partei Deutschlands
NDPD Centrism
National liberalism
Merged into FDP
SPD-DDR.svg
Social Democratic Party in the GDR
Sozialdemokratische Partei in der DDR
SPD Social democracy Merged into SPD
PDS-Logo.svg
Socialist Unity Party of GermanyParty of Democratic Socialism
Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands━Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus
SED-PDS Democratic socialism Later renamed to PDS
Vereinigte Linke Emblem.svg
United Left
Vereinigte Linke
VL Communism
Trotskyism
Socialism

Parties in the Saar Protectorate[edit]

Name Abbr. Ideology Active Note
Christian People's Party of Saarland
Christliche Volkspartei des Saarlandes
CVP Christian democracy
Conservatism
1946-1959 Later merged with the CDU
Christian Social Union
Christlich-Soziale Union
CSU-S Christian democracy
Conservatism
1955-1959 Unofficial counterpart of the CSU
Communist Party of Saarland
Kommunistische Partei Saar
KP Communism
Marxism-Leninism
1945-1957 Counterpart of the KPD
Democratic Party of Saarland
Sozialdemokratische Partei des Saarlandes
DPS Conservative liberalism
National conservatism
1946-1957 Later merged into the FDP
German Democratic Union
Deutsche Demokratische Union
DDU Left-wing politics 1955-1968 Later merged with the DFU
German Social Democratic Party
Deutsche Demokratische Union
DSP Social democracy 1952-1956 Split from the SPS, later merged with the SPD
Social Democratic Party of Saarland
Sozialdemokratische Partei des Saarlandes
SPS Social democracy
Democratic Socialism
1946-1956 Counterpart of the SPD
Supranational European People's Party Saar
Übernationale Europäische Volkspartei saar
ÜEVPS 1955-?

Parties in Weimar Republic[edit]

Logo Name Abbr. Ideology Active Note
Plakat Bayerische Volkspartei 1919.jpg
Bavarian People's Party
Bayerische Volkspartei
BVP Political Catholicism
Bavarian regionalism
Conservatism
1918-1933
Deutsche Zentrumspartei logo.svg
Centre Party
Deutsche Zentrumspartei
Zentrum Christian democracy
Political catholicism
1870-
Christian Social People's Service
Christlich-Sozialer Volksdienst
CSVD Agrarainism
Conservatism
Political Protestantism
1929-1933
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, Logo um 1920.svg
Communist Party of Germany
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands
KPD Communism
Marxism-Leninism
1918-1956 (West)
1918-1946 (East)
Banned in West Germany, merged in East Germany
Communist Party of Germany (Opposition)
Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (Opposition)
KPO Communism
Luxemburgism
1929-1939
Conservative People's Party
Konservative Volkspartei
KPV Conservatism
Christian democracy
1930-1933
Deutsche Demokratische Partei logo.svg
German Democratic Party
Deutsche Demokratische Partei
DDP Classical liberalism
Social liberalism
Progressivism
1918-1930
DNVP logo (basic).svg
German National People's Party
Deutschnationale Volkspartei
DNVP Monarchism
Proto-fascism
National conservatism
German nationalism
1918-1933
German People's Party.svg
German People's Party
Deutsche Volkspartei
DVP National liberalism
Economic liberalism
Constitutional monarchism
1918-1933
German Völkisch Freedom Party
Deutschvölkische Freiheitspartei
DVFP German nationalism
Völkisch movement
Antisemitism
1922-1925
German State Party
Deutsche Staatspartei
DStP Liberalism
Corporatism
1930-1933 Short-lived merger of the DDP and Young German Order
German Workers party.png
German Workers' Party
Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
DAP Pan-Germanism
German nationalism
Volksgemeinschaft
1919-1920 Predecessor of the Nazi Party
USPD logo, 1920.svg
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany
Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands
USPD Democratic socialism
Centrist Marxism
Pacifism
1917-1931
NSDAP-Logo.svg
National Socialist German Workers' Party
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
NSDAP National Socialism 1920-1945
Socialist Workers' Party of Germany
Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands
SAPD Democratic socialism
Centrist Marxism
1931-1945

Parties founded before World War I[edit]

Name Abbr. Ideology Active
Bavarian Peasants' League BB Agrarianism 1893-1933
Centre Party Zentrum Christian democracy 1870-
Christian Social Party CSP Traditionalist conservatism
Christian democracy
Anti-Semitism
1878-1918
Democratic Union DV Liberalism
Laïcité
1908-1918
Free Conservative Party FKP National conservatism 1867-1918
Free-minded People's Party FVP Liberalism
Progressivism
Parliamentarism
Laicism
1893-1910
Free-minded Union FV National liberalism 1893-1910
General German Workers' Association ADAV Social democracy
Democratic socialism
1863-1875
German Conservative Party DKP Conservatism
Economic liberalism
Anti-Catholicism
1876-1918
German Fatherland Party DVLP German nationalism
Monarchism
Militarism
Volksgemeinschaft
1917-1918
German-Hanoverian Party DHP Conservatism
Federalism
1867-1933
German People's Party DtVP Social liberalism
Federalism
Laïcité
Parliamentarism
1868-1910
German Progress Party DFP Liberalism
Federalism
1861-1884
German Free-minded Party DFP Liberalism
Progressivism
Parliamentarism
Laïcité
1884-1893
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany USPD Democratic socialism
Centrist Marxism
Pacifism
1917-1931
Liberal Union LV Liberalism
Parliamentarism
Classical liberalism
Economic liberalism
Conservative liberalism
1880-1884
National Liberal Party NLP National liberalism 1867-1918
National-Social Association NSV Christian socialism
Social liberalism
Nationalism
1896-1903
Progressive People's Party FVP Social liberalism
Parliamentarism
Laïcité
1910-1918
Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany SDAP Social democracy
Marxist socialism
1869-1875

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronik: Bundestagswahlen von 1949 bis 2002 | Deutschland | Deutsche Welle | 02.10.2005". Archived from the original on 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
  2. ^ "Political parties form colorful spectrum in Germany". Deutsche Welle. 2009-08-18. Retrieved 2009-09-12.
  3. ^ The Green party: Getting used to opposition, Deutsche Welle, 2009-08-24, retrieved 2009-10-12, This made a so-called Jamaica coalition with the Christian Democratic Union and the Free Democratic Party impossible.

External links[edit]