List of political parties in Hong Kong

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Politics and government
of Hong Kong
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Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive is elected by an electoral college and is non-partisan, but has to rely on political parties in the legislature for support, effectively having a coalition government.

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies.

In Hong Kong there are two main political ideology campaigns, which presents to Pan-democracy camp and Pro-Beijing camp.

Present parties[edit]

The list includes also political groups, trade unions, professional associations and pressure groups in Hong Kong that have been active in elections but are not considered parties.

Parties and groups in the Legislative Council[edit]

Party name Abbr. Associated ideology Current leader Regional affiliation Year of est. Representation
Legislative Council (2012) District Councils (2015)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong
DAB Chinese nationalism,
Starry Lee Wai-king Pro-Beijing camp 1992 13 (18.6%) 117
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong
BPA Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Andrew Leung Kwan-yuen Pro-Beijing camp 2012 7 (10.0%) 13
Democratic Party
DP Social liberalism Emily Lau Wai-hing Pan-democracy camp 1994 6 (8.6%) 43
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions
FTU Chinese nationalism,
Chinese socialism
Lam Suk-yee Pro-Beijing camp 1948 6 (8.6%) 29
Civic Party
CP Constitutionalism,
Social liberalism
Alan Leong Kah-kit Pan-democracy camp 2006 5 (7.1%) 10
Liberal Party
LP Conservatism,
Economic liberalism,
Liberal conservatism
Vincent Fang Kang Pro-Beijing camp 1993 5 (7.1%) 10
Labour Party
LAB Environmentalism,
Social democracy
Suzanne Wu Shui-shan Pan-democracy camp 2012 4 (5.7%) 3
New People's Party
NPP Conservatism Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee Pro-Beijing camp 2011 2 (2.9%) 26
(incl. CF)
New Territories Association of Societies
NTAS Chinese nationalism,
National conservatism
Leung Che-cheung Pro-Beijing camp 1985 2 (2.9%)
(Part of DAB)
People Power
PP Direct democracy, Populism,
Radical democracy
Erica Yuen Mi-ming Pan-democracy camp 2011 2 (2.9%) 0
Professional Commons
PC Liberalism Stanley Ng Wing-fai Pan-democracy camp 2007 2 (2.9%) 0
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood
ADPL Social democracy,
Social liberalism
Rosanda Mok Ka-han Pan-democracy camp 1986 1 (1.4%) 18
Neo Democrats
ND Social liberalism,
Chan King-ming,
Kwan Wing-yip
and Leung Li
Pan-democracy camp 2010 1 (1.4%) 15
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre
NWSC Liberalism,
Social democracy
Wo Wai-chung Pan-democracy camp 1985 1 (1.4%) 5
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions
FLU Conservatism Ng Wai-yee Pro-Beijing camp 1984 1 (1.4%) 1
League of Social Democrats
LSD Direct democracy,
Radical democracy,
Social democracy
Leung Kwok-hung Pan-democracy camp 2006 1 (1.4%) 0
New Century Forum
NCF Conservatism Ma Fung-kwok Pro-Beijing camp 1999 1 (1.4%) 0

Other parties and groups[edit]

Pan-democracy camp[edit]

Pro-Beijing camp[edit]

Umbrella organisations[edit]


Regional organisations, communal pressure groups and Kaifong associations[edit]

Electoral coalitions[edit]


See also[edit]