List of political parties in Hong Kong

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Politics and government
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Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive is elected by an indirectly elected Election Committee and is nonpartisan as restricted by the Chief Executive Election Ordinance, but has to rely on political parties in the legislature for support, effectively having a coalition government.

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies.

In Hong Kong there are three main political ideological blocs, which presents to pro-democracy camp, pro-Beijing camp and the localist groups.

Present parties[edit]

The list includes also political groups, trade unions, professional associations and pressure groups in Hong Kong that have been active in elections but are not considered parties.

Parties and groups in the Legislative and District Councils[edit]

As of 27 April 2018, there are total number of 26 political groupings represented in the Legislative and District Councils:[1]

Party Ideology Leader Affiliation Founded Representation 2016 vote
share
Legislative
Council
(2016)
District
Councils
(2015)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB)
民主建港協進聯盟
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Starry Lee.jpg Starry Lee Pro-Beijing 1992 361,617 (16.7%)
Democratic Party (DP)
民主黨
Social liberalism Tsang announcement to run for hk ceo 8.jpg Wu Chi-wai Pro-democracy 1994 199,876 (9.2%)
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA) (incl. Kowloon West New Dynamic)
香港經濟民生聯盟
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Lo Wai-kwok 2016.jpg Lo Wai-kwok Pro-Beijing 2012 49,745 (2.3%)
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU)
香港工會聯合會
Chinese nationalism,
Conservative socialism
Ng Chau-pei (cropped).JPG Ng Chau-pei Pro-Beijing 1948 169,854 (7.8%)
Civic Party (CP)
公民黨
Constitutionalism,
Social liberalism
Alvin Yeung 2017 1.jpg Alvin Yeung Pro-democracy 2006 207,855 (9.6%)
Liberal Party (LP)
自由黨
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Felix Chung 2015.jpg Felix Chung Pro-Beijing 1993 21,500 (1.0%)
New Territories Association of Societies (NTAS)
新界社團聯會
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Leung Che-cheung 2013.jpg Leung Che-cheung Pro-Beijing 1985
(part of DAB)
N/A
New People's Party (NPP) (incl. Civil Force)
新民黨
Conservatism Regina Ip 2016.jpg Regina Ip Pro-Beijing 2011 167,589 (7.7%)
Professional Commons (PC)
公共專業聯盟
Liberalism PaulusJohannesZimmerman2016.jpg Paul Zimmerman Pro-democracy 2007 N/A
Neo Democrats
新民主同盟
Liberalism,
Localism
Yam Kai-bong.jpg Yam Kai-bong,
Ben Chung
Pro-democracy 2010 31,595 (1.5%)
Roundtable
實政圓桌
Conservatism Michael Tien.jpg Michael Tien Pro-Beijing 2017 N/A
Labour Party
工黨
Environmentalism,
Social democracy
Kwok Wing Kin.jpg Kwok Wing-kin Pro-democracy 2011 101,860 (4.7%)
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC)
街坊工友服務處
Liberalism,
Social democracy
Blanksvg.svg Lo Ngai-yin Pro-democracy 1985 20,974 (1.0%)
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions (FLU)
港九勞工社團聯會
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Lam Chun-sing Pro-Beijing 1984 N/A
Civic Passion
熱血公民
Localism,
Nativism,
Populism
Cheng Chung-tai.jpg Cheng Chung-tai N/A 2012 122,140 (5.6%)
People Power (PP)
人民力量
Direct democracy, Populism,
Radical democracy
Chan Chi-chuen.jpg Raymond Chan Pro-democracy 2011 99,349 (4.6%)
Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union (PTU)
香港教育專業人員協會
Liberalism Fung Wai-wah.jpg Fung Wai-wah Pro-democracy 1973 N/A
New Century Forum (NCF)
新世紀論壇
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Ma Fung-kwok Pro-Beijing 1999 N/A
HK First
香港本土
Liberalism,
Localism,
Populism
Gary Fan 2015 portrait.jpg Gary Fan Pro-democracy 2013 N/A
New Territories Heung Yee Kuk (HYK)
新界鄉議局
Traditional conservatism Blanksvg.svg Kenneth Lau Pro-Beijing 1926 N/A
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL)
香港民主民生協進會
Liberalism,
Social democracy
Sze Tak-loy.jpg Sze Tak-loy Pro-democracy 1986 33,255 (1.5%)
Federation of Public Housing Estates (FPHE)
公屋聯會
Conservatism Blanksvg.svg Hau Shui-pui Pro-Beijing 1985 N/A
Concern Group for Tseung Kwan O People's Livelihood (CGPLTKO)
將軍澳民生關注組
Liberalism Blanksvg.svg Ricky Or Pro-democracy 2000 N/A
Democratic Alliance
民主陣線
Liberalism Johnny Mak Ip-shing.JPG Johnny Mak Pro-democracy,
Pro-Taiwan
2003 N/A
Kowloon East Community
東九龍社區關注組
Localism Chan Chak-to.jpg Chan Chak-to N/A 2014 12,854 (0.6%)
Shatin Community Network (STCN)
沙田社區網絡
Localism Ventus Lau (cropped).jpg Ventus Lau N/A 2015 N/A

Other parties and groups[edit]

Other parties and groups without any representation that have participated in the elections include:

Pro-democracy camp[edit]

Pro-Beijing camp[edit]

Localist groups[edit]

Umbrella organisations[edit]

Others[edit]

Regional organisations, communal pressure groups and Kaifong associations[edit]

Electoral coalitions[edit]

Defunct[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Political Affiliations of LegCo Members and DC Members" (PDF). District Councils of Hong Kong.