List of political parties in Hong Kong

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Politics and government
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Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive is elected by an electoral college and is non-partisan, but has to rely on political parties in the legislature for support, effectively having a coalition government.

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies.

In Hong Kong there are three main political ideological campaigns, which presents to pan-democracy camp, pro-Beijing camp and the localist groups.

Present parties[edit]

The list includes also political groups, trade unions, professional associations and pressure groups in Hong Kong that have been active in elections but are not considered parties.

Parties and groups in the Legislative Council[edit]

Party name Abbr. Associated ideology Current leader Regional affiliation Year of est. Representation
Legislative
Council
(2016)
District
Councils
(2015)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong
民主建港協進聯盟
DAB Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Starry Lee Pro-Beijing 1992 12 (17.1%) 117
Democratic Party
民主黨
DP Social liberalism Wu Chi-wai Pro-democracy 1994 7 (10.0%) 42
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong
香港經濟民生聯盟
BPA Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Lo Wai-kwok Pro-Beijing 2012 7 (10.0%) 19
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions
香港工會聯合會
FTU Chinese nationalism,
Conservative socialism
Lam Shuk-yee Pro-Beijing 1948 5 (7.1%) 29
Civic Party
公民黨
CP Constitutionalism,
Social liberalism
Alvin Yeung Pro-democracy 2006 5 (7.1%) 11
Liberal Party
自由黨
LP Conservatism,
Economic liberalism,
Liberal conservatism
Felix Chung Pro-Beijing 1993 4 (5.7%) 8
New Territories Association of Societies
新界社團聯會
NTAS Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Leung Che-cheung Pro-Beijing 1985 3 (4.3%)
(Part of DAB)
5
New People's Party
新民黨
NPP Conservatism Regina Ip Pro-Beijing 2011 2 (2.9%) 19
(incl. CF)
Professional Commons
公共專業聯盟
PC Liberalism Stanley Ng Pro-democracy 2007 2 (2.9%) 0
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre
街坊工友服務處
NWSC Liberalism,
Social democracy
Wo Wai-chung Pro-democracy 1985 1 (1.4%) 5
Labour Party
工黨
LAB Environmentalism,
Social democracy
Suzanne Wu Pro-democracy 2012 1 (1.4%) 3
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions
港九勞工社團聯會
FLU Conservatism Ng Wai-yee Pro-Beijing 1984 1 (1.4%) 1
Civic Passion
熱血公民
CP Localism,
Nativism,
Populism
Cheng Chung-tai N/A 2012 1 (1.4%) 0
People Power
人民力量
PP Direct democracy, Populism,
Radical democracy
Raymond Chan Pro-democracy 2011 1 (1.4%) 0
League of Social Democrats
社會民主連線
LSD Direct democracy,
Radical democracy,
Social democracy
Avery Ng Pro-democracy 2006 1 (1.4%) 0
Demosisto
香港眾志
D Direct democracy,
Localism
Social democracy
Nathan Law Pro-democracy 2016 1 (1.4%) 0
New Century Forum
新世紀論壇
NCF Conservatism Ma Fung-kwok Pro-Beijing 1999 1 (1.4%) 0

Other parties and groups[edit]

Pro-democracy camp[edit]

Pro-Beijing camp[edit]

Localist groups[edit]

Umbrella organisations[edit]

Others[edit]

Regional organisations, communal pressure groups and Kaifong associations[edit]

Electoral coalitions[edit]

Defunct[edit]

See also[edit]