List of political parties in Mexico

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This article lists political parties in Mexico.

Mexico has a multi-party system, which means that there are more than three dominant political parties.

Nationally, there are three large political parties that dominate: the PRI, the PAN, and the PRD. Other smaller political parties survive in isolation or by forming local coalitions with any of the big three.

National parties[edit]

As of 2011, Mexico has seven nationally recognized political parties by the Federal Electoral Institute. National recognition was given to those parties that secured representation in Congress (effectively, a share of the popular vote greater than 2%). Under Mexican law, parties are listed in the order in which they were first registered, thus:

  • Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI) – the dominating party, under different names, at the municipal, state, and national levels for most of the 20th century. It is currently the dominant party in the Chamber of Deputies and at the municipal and state level, and took primacy in the 2012 senatorial elections as well. A part of the Socialist International, it is now considered as a centrist party, with prominent members leaning from both the left and right, and supports a policy of mixed economy and nationalized industries, both of which are longstanding Mexican practices. This is the political party of Incumbent President Peña Nieto as of the July 1, 2012 Elections.[1]

In terms of their congressional representation and share of the national vote, only PRI, PAN and the PRD can be considered major parties.

Other political parties[edit]

Local parties[edit]

Local parties are registered with the Electoral Institute of each Mexican state according to their own criteria and regulations, which may differ from those of IFE. This list is complete as of 2006.

Former parties[edit]

During the 19th century the two most important parties were the Liberals (Liberales) and the Conservatives (Conservadores).

See also[edit]


External links[edit]