List of political parties in Puerto Rico

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Puerto Rico

This article lists political parties in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico has a hybrid 'first past the post' electoral system, in which a voter can vote by party, by candidate or both. To qualify as an official political party (and thus be able to appear on the printed state electoral ballot), a party must meet the criteria set forth by the Puerto Rico Electoral Law.

These criteria categorize political parties as follows:

  • Principal Party - one that obtained at least 3% of the straight-ticket party votes cast in the prior general election, or 7% of the party-label votes for the governor & resident commissioner, or 5% of the gubernatorial candidate votes.
  • Principal Party of the Majority - one that obtained the majority of governor candidate votes cast in the prior general election.
  • Party by Petition - one that has submitted the minimum number of signatures required for new registration (currently 3 percent of the total of all votes cast for governor in the prior general election)

Political parties meeting the stated criteria are certified and inscribed by the State Elections Commission.

Registered parties[edit]

Present[edit]

As of 2016, Puerto Rico has 3 registered electoral parties:

Name (in English) Name (in Spanish) Initials Current leader Ideology
New Progressive Party Partido Nuevo Progresista PNP Ricardo Rosselló Pro-statehood
Popular Democratic Party Partido Popular Democrático PPD Alejandro García Padilla Pro-commonwealth, pro-autonomous entity: different from a federated state or a territory. (Estado Libre Asociado), as established in 1950 law
Puerto Rican Independence Party Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño PIP Rubén Berríos Pro-independence, social democracy

Past[edit]

Name (in English) Name (in Spanish) Abbreviation Existed
Federal Party Partido Federal - 1900s
Republican Statehood Party Partido Estadista Republicano PER 1900s-1930s
Union Party Partido Unión - 1900s-1930s
Socialist Party Partido Socialista de Puerto Rico PSPR 1900s-1950s
Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico Partido Nacionalista de Puerto Rico PNPR 1920s-Present
Republican Union Unión Republicana - 1930s-1960s
Puerto Rican Communist Party Partido Comunista Puertorriqueño PCP 1930s-1990s
Liberal Party of Puerto Rico Partido Liberal de Puerto Rico - 1932-1944
Transparent, Authentic and Complete Liberal Party Partido Liberal Neto, Auténtico y Completo - 1937-1948
Christian Action Party Partido Acción Cristiana PAC 1960s
People's Party Partido del Pueblo PP 1960s-1970s
Puerto Rican Union Party Partido Unión Puertorriqueña PUP 1969-1972
Puerto Rican Socialist Party Partido Socialista Puertorriqueño PSP 1970s-1990s
Puerto Rican Renewal Party Partido Renovación Puertorriqueña PRP 1983-1987
Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party Partido Puertorriqueños Por Puerto Rico PPR 2007-2012
Movimiento Unión Soberanista Movimiento Unión Soberanista MUS 2012
Working People's Party Partido del Pueblo Trabajador PPT 2012-2016

Unregistered parties[edit]

A number of unregistered political parties and organizations exist in Puerto Rico outside of the electoral arena. These organizations span the entire political spectrum:

Affiliates of federal-level United States parties[edit]

Unlike the political parties listed above, which are eligible for registration with the Comision Estatal de Elecciones upon fulfilling CEE requirements, the following parties exist as affiliates of American parties and participate in the U.S. primaries of the corresponding American parties at the federal level. Also, unlike the Puerto Rican political parties above, all of which are based in Puerto Rico, these parties are headquartered in mainland United States.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Party sites[edit]

Miscellaneous links[edit]