List of political parties in Puerto Rico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Coat of arms of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Puerto Rico

This article lists political parties in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico has a hybrid 'first past the post' electoral system, in which a voter can vote by party, by candidate or both. To qualify as an official political party (and thus be able to appear on the printed state electoral ballot), a party must meet the criteria set forth by the Puerto Rico Electoral Law.

These criteria categorize political parties as follows:

  • Principal Party - one that obtained at least 3% of the straight-ticket party votes cast in the prior general election, or 7% of the party-label votes for the governor & resident commissioner, or 5% of the gubernatorial candidate votes.
  • Principal Party of the Majority - one that obtained the majority of governor candidate votes cast in the prior general election.
  • Party by Petition - one that has submitted the minimum number of signatures required for new registration (currently 3 percent of the total of all votes cast for governor in the prior general election)

Political parties meeting the stated criteria are certified and inscribed by the State Elections Commission.

Registered parties[edit]

Present[edit]

As of 2016, Puerto Rico has 3 registered electoral parties:

Name (in English) Name (in Spanish) Initials Current leader Ideology
New Progressive Party Partido Nuevo Progresista PNP Ricardo Rosselló Pro-statehood
Popular Democratic Party Partido Popular Democrático PPD Alejandro García Padilla Pro-commonwealth, pro-autonomous entity: different from a federated state or a territory. (Estado Libre Asociado), as established in 1950 law
Puerto Rican Independence Party Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño PIP Rubén Berríos Pro-independence, social democracy

Past - under Spain sovereignty[edit]

There were no political parties in Puerto Rico until 1870.[1] Bolivar Pagan states the following were the political parties in Puerto Rico during the years of Spanish sovereignty.[a][2]

Name (in English) Name (in Spanish) Leader Platform / Ideology Existed
Unconditional Spanish Party Partido Incondicional Español Jose Ramon Fernandez Conservative 1870 – 1898[3]
Liberal Reformist Party Partido Liberal Reformista Pedro Geronimo Goyco Liberal 1870 – 1898
Puerto Rican Autonomist Party Partido Autonomista Puertorriqueño R. B de Castro. Later, Celso Barbosa and Muñoz Rivera[b] Regional Autonomy 1887 – 1898[4]
Orthodox Autonomist Party (aka, "Pure and Radical Party") Partido Autonomista Ortodoxo (aka, Partido Puro y Radical[5]) Jose Celso Barbosa Regional Autonomy 1897 – 1899
Puerto Rican Liberal Party Partido Liberal Puertorriqueño Luis Muñoz Rivera Autonomy via pact with Spain's Partido Liberal Fusionista) 1897 – 1899

Past - under U.S. sovereignty[edit]

The existing parties in Puerto Rico at the time of change of sovereignty in 1898 reinvented themselves into parties with by-laws, platforms and ideologies consistent with the new political reality brought about by the change of sovereignty. The Barbosistas, followers of Jose Celso Barbosa and mostly aligned with Partido Autonomista Ortodoxo, formed the Partido Republicano Puertorriqueño, while the Muñocistas, followers of Luis Muñoz Rivera and mostly aligned with Partido Liberal Puertorriqueño, formed Partido Federal.[6]

Name (in English) Name (in Spanish) Abbreviation Existed
Federal Party Partido Federal - 1899[7] - 1900s
Republican Statehood Party Partido Estadista Republicano PER 1900s - 1930s
Union Party Partido Unión - 1900s - 1930s
Socialist Party Partido Socialista de Puerto Rico PSPR 1900s - 1950s
Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico Partido Nacionalista de Puerto Rico PNPR 1920s - Present
Republican Union Unión Republicana - 1930s - 1960s
Puerto Rican Communist Party Partido Comunista Puertorriqueño PCP 1930s - 1990s
Liberal Party of Puerto Rico Partido Liberal de Puerto Rico - 1932 - 1944
Transparent, Authentic and Complete Liberal Party Partido Liberal Neto, Auténtico y Completo - 1937 - 1948
Christian Action Party Partido Acción Cristiana PAC 1960s
People's Party Partido del Pueblo PP 1960s - 1970s
Puerto Rican Union Party Partido Unión Puertorriqueña PUP 1969 - 1972
Puerto Rican Socialist Party Partido Socialista Puertorriqueño PSP 1970s - 1990s
Puerto Rican Renewal Party Partido Renovación Puertorriqueña PRP 1983 - 1987
Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party Partido Puertorriqueños Por Puerto Rico PPR 2007 - 2012
Movimiento Unión Soberanista Movimiento Unión Soberanista MUS 2012
Working People's Party Partido del Pueblo Trabajador PPT 2012 – Present

Unregistered parties[edit]

A number of unregistered political parties and organizations exist in Puerto Rico outside of the electoral arena. These organizations span the entire political spectrum:

Affiliates of federal-level United States parties[edit]

Unlike the political parties listed above, which are eligible for registration with the Comision Estatal de Elecciones upon fulfilling CEE requirements, the following parties exist as affiliates of American parties and participate in the U.S. primaries of the corresponding American parties at the federal level. Also, unlike the Puerto Rican political parties above, all of which are based in Puerto Rico, these parties are headquartered in mainland United States.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bolivar Pagan also states the existence of Union Autonomista Liberal, a party that attempted to join again the Liberal and Autonomistas Ortodoxos, but this party had a fleeting existence.
  2. ^ Internal split on 13 February 1897

References[edit]

  1. ^ See, Socorro Giron. Ramon Marin y su Tiempo. In, Ramon Marin's Las Fiestas Populares de Ponce. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. 1994. p. 16.
  2. ^ Bolivar Pagan. Historia de los Partidos Políticos Puertorriqueños (1898-1956). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Litografía Real Hermanos, Inc. 1959. Tomo I. pp. 11-15.
  3. ^ Bolivar Pagan. Historia de los Partidos Políticos Puertorriqueños (1898-1956). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Litografía Real Hermanos, Inc. 1959. Tomo I. p. 11.
  4. ^ Bolivar Pagan. Historia de los Partidos Políticos Puertorriqueños (1898-1956). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Litografía Real Hermanos, Inc. 1959. Tomo I. p. 44.
  5. ^ Bolivar Pagan. Historia de los Partidos Políticos Puertorriqueños (1898-1956). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Litografía Real Hermanos, Inc. 1959. Tomo I. p. 15.
  6. ^ Bolivar Pagan. Historia de los Partidos Políticos Puertorriqueños (1898-1956). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Litografía Real Hermanos, Inc. 1959. Tomo I. p. 15.
  7. ^ Bolivar Pagan. Historia de los Partidos Políticos Puertorriqueños (1898-1956). San Juan, Puerto Rico: Litografía Real Hermanos, Inc. 1959. Tomo I. p. 15.

External links[edit]

Party sites[edit]

Miscellaneous links[edit]