List of political parties in North and East Syria

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria

This is a list of political parties in the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria. The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria has a political system based on direct democratic and multi-party aspirations, with different levels of government: Self-governing municipalities and communes, self-governing autonomous regions and provinces, and the autonomous region as a whole.

There have been two elections in the region so far, one for the communes/municipalities and one for regions/provinces in 2017, while the third federation-level election for the Syrian Democratic Council was delayed.

Political parties in Rojava[edit]

Parties[edit]

The following parties are represented either in the Syrian Democratic Assembly as of September 2016 or in cantonal parliaments:[1]

Party Alliance   Members in Political Position
Abbr. Name Abbr. Name W Leader FC FA Cantons Members (Ideology)
QMH Wheat Wave Movement
Law Citizenship Rights Movement

Teyar El-Qemih

? ? ? Haytham Manna 1 3 ? ? Secularism
Nonsectarianism
SUP Syriac Union Party TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society [1] Ishow Gowriye 1 3 ? ? Assyrian Interests
Modernization ("Dawronoye")[2]
TWDS Syrian National Democratic Alliance
Syrian National Democratic Coalition
? [2] Alaeddine Khaled 1 4 ? ? Social ecology
Democratic Confederalism
Communalism
CDR Honor and Rights Convention ? Meram Dawûd 1 2 ? ? Secularism
Democratic Confederalism
Communalism
YS Yekîtiya Star TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society [3] Rojîn Remo 1 1 ? ? Feminism
ANC Arab National Coalition ? ? ? Ehmed El-Hebîb 1 1 ? ? Arab Interests
PDK-S Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria ENKS Kurdish National Council [4] Saud Malla 1 1 ? ? Kurdish nationalism
Kurdish autonomy
Liberal democracy
Traditionalism
PYD Democratic Union Party TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society [5] Salih Muslim
Asya Abdullah
0 3 ? ? Libertarian socialism
Eco-socialism
Social ecology
Democratic Confederalism
Communalism
SDS Syrian Democratic Society TM Syria's Tomorrow Movement
Tayar Alghad Alsoury
[6] Ziyad El-Asî 0 1 ? ? Pluralist democracy
DM Democratic Modernity Party ? Ebilqadir El-Miwehed 0 1 ? ? led by Fîras Qesas
PB-ASD Democratic Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party
Democratic Socialist Party
KDCK Assembly for Democracy and the Left ? Brahim Makhous 0 1 ? ? Democratic Socialism
Arab Interests
LPSK Left Party of Syrian Kurds KDCK Assembly for Democracy and the Left ? Mihmedê Mûsê 0 1 ? ? Centre-left
Kurdish Nationalism
ANC Arab National Coalition ? ? Hikmet Hebîb 0 1 ? ? Arab Interests
Regionalism
KDPP / PDPKS Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party Abd al-Hamid Darwish 0 1 ? ? Kurdish nationalism
Federalism
ADP Assyrian Democratic Party   Ninos Isho 0 1 ? ? Eastern Assyrian interests
PADKS Syrian Kurds' Democratic Peace Party TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society ? Telal Mihemed 0 1 ? ? Democratic Confederalism
Communalism
DT Democratic Transformation Party   Mizgîn Zêdan 0 1 ? ? ?
PYLK Kurdistan Liberal Union Party TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society Ferhad Têlo 0 1 ? ? ?
Wifaq Kurdish Democratic Accord Party
Al Wifaq Party
HNKS Kurdish National Alliance in Syria ? Fewzî Şengalî 0 1 ? ? Centre-right
Kurdish Nationalism
Îslah Syrian Reform Movement
Al-Îslah Party
HNKS Kurdish National Alliance in Syria ? Emcet Osman 0 1 ? ? Reformism
Êzîdî Yazidi House
Mala Êzîdiyan
? Faris Eto Şemo 0 1 ? ? Yazidi Interests
SNC Syriac National Council ? Bassam Said Ishak 0 1 ? ? Assyrian Interests
PI Patriotic Initiative HNKS Kurdish National Alliance in Syria Cebel El-Ereb 0 1 ? ? Popularism
Total       9* 43* ? ?  

Notes: * including independents

Minor parties[edit]

The following groups or parties are not represented at either the cantonal or federal level (but may hold positions in municipal parliaments).

Party Alliance   Political Position
Abbr. Name Abbr. Name W Leader (Ideology)
KOM Communist Party of Kurdistan TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society   Left-wing
Anti-capitalism
KNK National Assembly of Kurdistan TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society   Left-wing
N-PDKS New Kurdistan Democratic Party in Syria TEV-DEM Movement for a Democratic Society   Left-wing
KESK Green Party of Kurdistan KDCK Assembly for Democracy and the Left ? ? Environmentalism
PGD Change Party
Democratic Change Party
KDCK Assembly for Democracy and the Left ? ? Progressivism
KED Kurdistan Workers Party KDCK Assembly for Democracy and the Left ? ? Trade Unionism
PCKS Kurdish Left Party KDCK Assembly for Democracy and the Left ? ? Left-wing
TNK Booster Movement of Kurdistan KDCK Assembly for Democracy and the Left ? ? Left-wing
PYDKS Kurdish Democratic Union Party HNKS Kurdish National Alliance in Syria ? ? ?
PDKSI Kurdish Democratic Party HNKS Kurdish National Alliance in Syria ? Nesiredîn Îberahîm ?
PYÇŞ Yekiti Kurdistan Party ("The First Party with four branches")
Partiya Yeketî bi çar şaxên wê
ENKS Kurdish National Council ? ? Kurdish nationalism
Traditionalism
ŞPKS Kurdish Future Movement in Syria ENKS Kurdish National Council [7] Siamend Hajo Kurdish nationalism
Liberalism
TAA Syria's Tomorrow Movement TM Syria's Tomorrow Movement [8] Fouad Humeira
Ahmad Jarba
Pluralist democracy
SRLC Syrian Revolutionary Left Current TWDS Syrian National Democratic Alliance   Left-wing
ADO Assyrian Democratic Organization Assyrian Interests
MLKP Rojava Marxist–Leninist Communist Party (Rojava)[3] HBDH Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement   Far-left
TKEP/L Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist[4] HBDH Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement   Far-left
TKP/ML Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist[5] HBDH Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement   Far-left

Relative importance of the five party alliances[edit]

Party Number of elected representatives at the federal, cantonal and communal levels
TEV-DEM
8
HNKS
3
KDCK
2
ENKS
2
TM
1

Historical parties and alliances[edit]

Historical parties[edit]

Name Ideology Active Continued as
Mustafa Khidr Oso's Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria Kurdish Nationalism 2014 Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria
Mustafa Juma's Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria Kurdish Nationalism 2014 Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria
Kurdish Democratic Political Union Kurdish Nationalism 2013 Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria
Kurdish Union Party in Syria (PYKS) Kurdish Nationalism 2012
Syrian National Resistance (SNR) Syrian nationalism, Anti-Turkism, democracy 2016–17 dissolved

Historical alliances[edit]

Name Ideology Active Continued as
Kurdish Supreme Committee Kurdish Nationalism 2013 discontinued

Names in the national languages[edit]

Abbr. Party Northern Kurdish (Latin script) Arabic Syriac Romanized Arabic
QMH Wheat Wave Movement Tevgera Hiqûq - Hemwelatîbûyîn - Mafan تيار قمح ? Teyar El-Qemih
SUP Syriac Union Party Partiya Yekîtiya Suryanî حزب الإتحاد السرياني في سورية ܓܒܐ ܕܚܘܝܕܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ ܒܣܘܪܝܐ
TWDS Syrian National Democratic Alliance Koalisyona Niştîmanî Demokratî Sûrî التحالف الوطني الديمقراطي السوري ? ?
CDR Honor and Rights Convention Kombûna Rûmet û Mafnasiyê تجمع عهد الكرامة والحقوق ? ?
YS Yekîtiya Star Yekîtiya Star ? ?
ANC Arab National Coalition Desteya Niştîmanî ya Erebî ? ?
PDK-S Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria Partiya Demokrat a Kurdistanê li Sûriyê حزب الديمقراطي کوردستان في سوريا
PYD Democratic Union Party Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat حزب الاتحاد الديمقراطي ?
SDS Syrian Democratic Society Kombûna Demokratîk a Sûriyeyê
PB-ASD Democratic Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party Partiya Baas Demokratîk Sosyalîsa El-Erebî حزب البعث الديمقراطي العربي الاشتراكي ?
DM Syrian Democratic Society Partiya Modern û Demokratîk
ADO Assyrian Democratic Organisation المنظمة الآثورية الديمقراطية ܡܛܟܣܬܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܬܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ
ADP Assyrian Democratic Party Partiya Asûrî ya Demokratîk
TAA Syria's Tomorrow Movement تيار الغد السوري Tayar Alghad Alsoury
PDPKS Progressive Democratic Party Partiya Demokrata Pêşverû ya Kurd li Sûriyê ? ?
PYDKS Kurdish Democratic Union Party Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat a Kurd li Sûriye ? ?
PYKS Kurdish Union Party in Syria Partiya Yekîtî ya Kurd li Sûriyê ? ?
PÇKS Left Party of Syrian Kurds Partiya Çepa Kurdî li Surîyê ? ?
PÇDKS Kurdish Left Party Partiya Çepa Demokrata Kurdî li Suriyê ? ?
ŞPKS Kurdish Future Movement in Syria Şepêla Pêşeroja Kurdî li Suriyê ? ?
PAK Kurdish Freedom Party Partiya Azadî Kurdî li Sûriya ? ?

[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Carter Center (27 February 2017). "Foreign Volunteers for the Syrian Kurdish Forces" (PDF). Atlanta: Carter Center.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Executive Board of Democratic Syria Assembly elected". Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê. 13 December 2015. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  2. ^ The Revolutionaries of Bethnahrin | Warscapes
  3. ^ "Interview with MLKP Rojava". look left. 22 December 2016.
  4. ^ "TKEP-L Rojava'da merkez açtı". Hawar Haber Ajansı (in Turkish). 22 January 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  5. ^ The Carter Center (2017), p. 2.
  6. ^ "Navên ku Desteya Siyasî ya Meclîsa Sûriyeya Demokratîk pêk tînin aşkera bûn". Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê. 12 December 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2016.

External links[edit]