List of political parties in Singapore

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This is a list of political parties in Singapore, including existing and historical ones. The earliest political parties were either branches of parent parties in Malaya, or were established in the lead-up to Singapore first Legislative Council elections in 1948. Amongst the oldest parties, the Malay Union, traced its history back to 14 May 1926, was initially a non-political association as the party only participated in the 1955 election. The Progressive Party and Labour Party, both established in the late 1940s, were some of the pioneering local establishments, with the PP the only party to contest in the first elections in 1948, and the LP coming on board in 1951. By 1955, the fledgling British colony had seven parties contesting, and reached a pinnacle of 13 parties in 1959. A total of three parties were established in the 1940s, 12 in the 1950s and five in the 1960s.

In post-independence Singapore, the dominance of the People's Action Party, which first came into power in 1959, somewhat cooled the flurry of political activism. On 16 May 1960, a new Societies Ordinance was passed, and in December 1966, local parties were forbidden from being affiliated to foreign ones. This directly impacting the handful of small Malaysia-linked parties, most of which renamed themselves and/or cut formal foreign ties. The PAP's dominance and Singapore's economic advancement further weakened the smaller opposition parties. To date, ten parties have officially dissolved, mostly through mergers with other parties.

Still, new parties continued to be established. Seven new parties were formed in the 1970s (including the Justice Party, Singapore and the United Front, the preprocessor of today's Democratic Progressive Party), two in the 1980s (the Singapore Democratic Party and the National Solidarity Party (NSP)), two in the 1990s (the Singapore National Front and the Singapore People's Party (SPP)), three in the 2000s, and as of now, three in the 2010s. The People's Voice Party was established on 31 October 2018 and Progress Singapore Party on 19 January 2019[1] , the latter is currently the newly registered political party. There are therefore a total of 31 registered political parties today, of which nine have never contested in an election.

Over the years, alliances between political parties existed, but were however short-lived. Presently, only one functioning multi-party alliance, the Singapore Democratic Alliance, which was formed on 3 July 2001, initially composed of the SPP, NSP, Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura and the Justice Party, Singapore, with the SPP the lead party. The vision was to bring all opposition parties under one banner to counter the PAP's dominance, but it was met with limited success. The NSP left the alliance in 2007, and in 2010, the SPP itself left when there was internal disagreements over the SPP's attempts to bring in the newly formed Reform Party.

Legislation[edit]

Under the current legislation, all political parties (termed "Political Associations") must be registered under the Societies Act. As such, the following rules pertaining to political associations apply:

  • All members of political parties must be Singaporean citizens.
  • Political Association must not be affiliated or connected with any organisation outside Singapore. The fact that a political association uses a name or symbol which is the same as that of an organisation outside Singapore shall be deemed to be sufficient evidence that the political association has an affiliation or connection with that organisation.

The government has the power to dissolve the party if it contravenes the above rules, or any other rule applicable to all forms of registered societies.

Under the Political Donations Act which came into force on 15 February 2001, Political Associations are also barred from accepting any donation in cash or kind from impermissible donors, or from anonymous donors where the value exceeds S$5,000. The government announced[2] that it was to "prevent foreigners from interfering in domestic politics through the financial support for any association's cause", and cited an example of a case in 1959 when S$700,000 was sent to Chew Swee Kee, then Education Minister from the Singapore People's Alliance by a "neighbouring intelligence service in a "black operation" against the interests of Singapore". Another case was also cited pertaining to foreign financial support for Francis Seow of the Workers' Party in 1988. Critics noted that the Singapore government itself was responsible for giving $20,000 to Australian political parties through (Singtel-owned) Optus,[3] although the motives and details of the donation remain unverified.

Political parties[edit]

There have been a total of 42 political parties (not including Malaysia's parties or those contested in both Malaysia and Singapore elections) in Singapore.

     Party or Alliance was active
     Party or Alliance was active, but collated to another party or alliance
     Party or Alliance was dissolved
     Party or Alliance registered, but was yet to be contested
     Party or Alliance's status was currently unknown

Party Alternative name(s) Established Registered Dissolved Elections Contested 1 URL Facebook URL
Singapore Alliance Party
新加坡联盟党
Parti Perikatan Singapura
Singapore Alliance, Perikatan Singapura (1963–1965) 30 May 1963 17 February 1966 NA 1 (1963)
Angkatan Islam
Islamic Movement
回教阵线
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party
Persatuan Islam Setanah Melayu (1958–1967)
- 6 August 1958 NA 4 (1959, 1963, 1984, 1988)
Barisan Sosialis
社会主义阵线
- 29 July 1961 13 August 1961 1988 5 (1963, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984)
Citizens' Party
公民党
Parti Warganegara
- 25 February 1959 - 13 September 1960 1 (1959)
Democratic Party
民主党
Parti Demokratik
- 11 February 1955 - 5 February 1956 1 (1955)
DPP logo variation.png Democratic Progressive Party
民主进步党
Parti Demokratik Progresif
United Front (1973–1982)
Singapore United Front (1982–1991)
- 16 March 1973 NA 6 (1976, 1980, 1984, 1997, 2001, 20152)
Justice Party
新加坡正义党
Parti Keadilan Singapura
Singapore Justice Party (1976-1980) - 10 August 1972 NA 9 (1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 20013, 20063, 20113, 20153)
Katong United Residents' Association
加东居民统一工会
Persatuan Penduduk Bersatu Katong
- 11 January 1959 - 23 June 1960 1 (1959)
Labour Front
劳工阵线
Barisan Buroh
- 21 August 1954 - 28 February 1960 2 (1955, 1959)
Labour Party
劳工党
Parti Buroh
- 23 March 1948 - 1961 1 (1951)
Liberal Socialist Party (Singapore)
自由社会党
Parti Liberal Sosialis
- 5 February 1956 24 May 1961 10 September 1963 1 (1959)
National Party of Singapore
新加坡国民党
Parti Nasional Singapura
- - 26 February 1971 NA 0
NSP logo variation.png National Solidarity Party
国民团结党
Parti Perpaduan Nasional
- - 6 March 1987 NA 7 (1988, 1991, 1997, 20013, 20063, 2011, 2015) [1] [2]
PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party
人民行动党
Parti Tindakan Rakyat
- 21 November 1954 18 February 1961 - 14 (1955, 1959, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015) [3] [4]
People's Front
人民阵线
Barisan Rakyat
- - 21 May 1971 NA 2 (1972, 1976)
Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura
Singapore Malay National Organisation
新加坡马来国民机构
Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu or
United Malays National Organisation (1951–1967)
23 December 1951 20 February 1961 NA 12 (1955, 1959, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 20012, 20062, 20112, 20152) [5] [6]
Parti Kesatuan Ra'ayat
United Democratic Party
民主统一党
- - 18 June 1962 NA 1 (1963)
People's Liberal Democratic Party
人民自由民主党
Parti Liberal Demokratik Rakyat
- - 2 May 2006 NA 0
Persatuan Melayu Singapura
Singapore Malays Association
新加坡马来人协会
- - 2 February 1952 NA 0
Progressive Party
进步党
Parti Progresif
- 25 August 1947 - 10 May 1956 3 (1948, 1951, 1955)
People's Power Party
人民力量党
Parti Kuasa Rakyat
- - 15 May 2015 NA 1 (2015)
Partai Rakyat
People's Party (Singapore State Division)
人民党 (新加坡州部)
- 11 November 1955 18 June 1962 NA 2 (1959, 1963)
People's Republican Party
人民共和党
Parti Rakyat Republik
- - 30 August 1973 NA 0
新加坡前进党
Progress Singapore Party
- 16 January 2019 TBA NA - -
新政党
People's Voice Party
- - 29 October 2018 0
RP logo variation.png Reform Party
革新党
Parti Reformasi
- - 3 July 2008 NA 2 (2011, 2015) [7] [8]
Singapore Congress
新加坡国民大会党
Kongres Singapura
- 9 May 1960 - 29 January 1962 0
Singapore Chinese Party
新加坡华人党
Parti Cina Singapura
Malayan Chinese Association (1950–1967) - 26 September 1950 NA 3 (1955, 1959, 19724)
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance
新加坡民主联盟
Perikatan Demokratik Singapura
- - 3 July 2001 NA 4 (2001, 2006, 2011, 2015) [9]
SDP logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Party
新加坡民主党
Parti Demokratik Singapura
- 6 August 1980 8 September 1980 NA 9 (1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015) [10] [11]
SF logo variation.png Socialist Front
社会主义阵线
Socialist Front
- - 1 September 2010 NA 0 [12]
SFP logo variation.png Singaporeans First
国人为先
Warga Diutamakan
- 25 May 2014 19 August 2014 NA 1 (2015) [13] [14]
Singapore Indian Congress
新加坡印度国民大会党
Kongres India Singapura
Singapore Regional Indian Congress (1946–1953)
Malayan Indian Congress (1953–1968)
Aug 1946 7 August 1962 NA 1 (1959)
Malay Union
新加坡马来人联合会
Kesatuan Melayu Singapura
- 14 May 1926 - 1961 2 (1955, 1959)
Singapore National Front
新加坡国民阵线
Barisan Nasional Singapura
- - 15 August 1991 NA 0
Singapore People's Alliance
新加坡人民联盟
Perikatan Rakyat Singapura
- 10 November 1958 - 16 May 1965 1 (1959)
Spp-logo-2.png Singapore People's Party
新加坡人民党
Parti Rakyat Singapura
- - 21 November 1994 NA 5 (1997, 20014, 20064, 2011, 2015) [15] [16]
United National Front
联合国民阵线
Barisan Nasional Bersatu
- - 6 March 1970 NA 1 (1972)
United People's Front
人民联合阵线
Barisan Rakyat Bersatu
- - 20 March 1975 NA 4 (1976, 1980, 1984, 1988)
United People's Party
人民统一党
Parti Ra'ayat Bersatu
- - 14 July 1961 1968 1 (1963)
United Singapore Democrats
统一新加坡民主党
Demokrat Singapura Bersatu
- - 25 March 2010 NA 0
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party
工人党
Parti Pekerja
- 3 November 1957 30 January 1961 NA 14 (1959, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015) [17] [18]
  1. ^ The tally does not include city council elections, by-elections, Malaysian parliamentary elections or presidential elections (the latter which requires nonpartisan candidacy).
  2. ^ The party was contested under the coalition of Singapore People's Party (SPP).
  3. ^ The party was contested under the coalition of Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA).
  4. ^ The party was contested under the coalition of United People's Front (UPF).

Other defunct parties[edit]

Shirt colours[edit]

The candidates and supporters of the various political parties tend to wear the following shirt colours while making their rounds in various wards or campaigning.

Party Shirt Colour
PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party White
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Light Blue
Spp-logo-2.png Singapore People's Party Purple
SDP logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Party Red
NSP logo variation.png National Solidarity Party Orange
RP logo variation.png Reform Party Yellow
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Bright Green
DPP logo variation.png Democratic Progressive Party White and Orange
SFP logo variation.png Singaporeans First Blue
People's Power Party Light Purple

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Doctor, PAP MP and presidential candidate: 5 things about Tan Cheng Bock". 19 January 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Mayne digs some donations data dirt". crikey.com.au. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

External links[edit]