List of political parties in Singapore

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This is a list of political parties in Singapore, including existing and historical ones. The earliest political parties were either branches of parent parties in Malaya, or were established in the lead-up to Singapore first Legislative Council elections in 1948. Amongst the oldest parties, the Malay Union, traced its history back to 14 May 1926, was initially a non-political association as the party only participated in the 1955 election. The Progressive Party and Labour Party, both established in the late 1940s, were some of the pioneering local establishments, with the PP the only party to contest in the first elections in 1948, and the LP coming on board in 1951. By 1955, the fledgling British colony had seven parties contesting, and reached a pinnacle of 13 parties in 1959. A total of three parties were established in the 1940s, 12 in the 1950s and five in the 1960s.

In post-independence Singapore, the dominance of the People's Action Party, which first came into power in 1959, somewhat cooled the flurry of political activism. On 16 May 1960, a new Societies Ordinance was passed, and in December 1966, local parties were forbidden from being affiliated to foreign ones. This directly impacted the handful of small Malaysia-linked parties, most of which renamed themselves and/or cut formal foreign ties. The PAP's dominance and Singapore's economic advancement further weakened the smaller opposition parties. To date, 13 parties have officially dissolved, mostly through mergers with other parties.

Still, new parties continued to be established. Seven new parties were formed in the 1970s (including the Justice Party, Singapore and the United Front, the preprocessor of today's Democratic Progressive Party), two in the 1980s, two in the 1990s, three in the 2000s, and six in the 2010s. The newest party to be registered is Red Dot United, on 15 June 2020.[1] There are therefore a total of 30 registered political parties today, of which ten have never contested in an election.

Over the years, alliances between political parties existed, but were however short-lived. Presently, only one functioning multi-party alliance, the Singapore Democratic Alliance, which was formed on 3 July 2001, initially composed of the Singapore People's Party (SPP), National Solidarity Party, Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura and the Justice Party, Singapore, with the SPP being the lead party. The vision was to bring all opposition parties under one banner to counter the PAP's dominance, but it was met with limited success. The NSP left the alliance in 2007, and in 2010, the SPP itself left when there was internal disagreements over the SPP's attempts to bring in the newly formed Reform Party.

Legislation[edit]

Under the current legislation, all political parties (termed "Political Associations") must be registered under the Societies Act. As such, the following rules pertaining to political associations apply:

  • All members of political parties must be Singaporean citizens.
  • Political Association must not be affiliated or connected with any organisation outside Singapore. The fact that a political association uses a name or symbol which is the same as that of an organisation outside Singapore shall be deemed to be sufficient evidence that the political association has an affiliation or connection with that organisation.

The government has the power to dissolve the party if it contravenes the above rules, or any other rule applicable to all forms of registered societies.

Under the Political Donations Act which came into force on 15 February 2001, Political Associations are also barred from accepting any donation in cash or kind from impermissible donors, or from anonymous donors where the value exceeds S$5,000. The government announced[2] that it was to "prevent foreigners from interfering in domestic politics through the financial support for any association's cause", and cited an example of a case in 1959 when S$700,000 was sent to Chew Swee Kee, then Education Minister from the Singapore People's Alliance by a "neighbouring intelligence service in a "black operation" against the interests of Singapore". Another case was also cited pertaining to foreign financial support for Francis Seow of the Workers' Party in 1988. Critics noted that the Singapore government itself was responsible for giving $20,000 to Australian political parties through (Singtel-owned) Optus,[3] although the motives and details of the donation remain unverified.

Political parties[edit]

There have been a total of 43 political parties (not including Malaysia's parties, those contested in both Malaysia and Singapore elections, or those which contested during Singapore's merger with Malaysia.) in Singapore.

  Party or Alliance active
  Party or Alliance active, but collated to another party or alliance
  Party or Alliance dissolved
  Party or Alliance registered, but is yet to contest
  Party or Alliance's status unknown

Party Alternative name(s) Established Registered Dissolved Elections Contested 1 Incumbent Leader URL Facebook URL
Singapore Alliance Party
新加坡联盟党
Parti Perikatan Singapura
Singapore Alliance, Perikatan Singapura (1963–1965) 30 May 1963 17 February 1966 NA 1 (1963) NA
Angkatan Islam
Islamic Movement
回教阵线
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party
Persatuan Islam Setanah Melayu (1958–1967)
6 August 1958 NA 4 (1959, 1963, 1984, 1988) NA
BS logo variation.png Barisan Sosialis
社会主义阵线
29 July 1961 13 August 1961 1988 5 (1963, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984) NA
CP Logo.svg Citizens' Party
公民党
Parti Warganegara
25 February 1959 13 September 1960 1 (1959) NA
DP Logo.svg Democratic Party
民主党
Parti Demokratik
11 February 1955 5 February 1956 1 (1955) NA
DPP logo variation.png Democratic Progressive Party
民主进步党
Parti Demokratik Progresif
United Front (1973–1982)
Singapore United Front (1982–1991)
16 March 1973 NA 6 (1976, 1980, 1984, 1997, 2001, 20152) Mohamad Hamim Aliyas [1]
Justice Party
新加坡正义党
Parti Keadilan Singapura
Singapore Justice Party (1976–1980) 10 August 1972 NA 10 (1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 20013, 20063, 20113, 20153, 20203) Desmond Lim Bak Chuan [2]
KURA Logo.svg Katong United Residents' Association
加东居民统一工会
Persatuan Penduduk Bersatu Katong
11 January 1959 23 June 1960 1 (1959) NA
LF Logo.svg Labour Front
劳工阵线
Barisan Buroh
21 August 1954 28 February 1960 2 (1955, 1959) NA
Labour Party
劳工党
Parti Buroh
23 March 1948 1961 1 (1951) NA
LSP Logo.svg Liberal Socialist Party
自由社会党
Parti Liberal Sosialis
5 February 1956 24 May 1961 10 September 1963 1 (1959) NA
National Party of Singapore
新加坡国民党
Parti Nasional Singapura
26 February 1971 NA 0 NA
NSP logo variation.svg National Solidarity Party
国民团结党
Parti Perpaduan Nasional
6 March 1987 NA 8 (1988, 1991, 1997, 20013, 20063, 2011, 2015, 2020) Spencer Ng Chung Hon [3] [4]
PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party
人民行动党
Parti Tindakan Rakyat
21 November 1954 18 February 1961 NA 16 (1955, 1959, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015, 2020) Lee Hsien Loong [5] [6]
PF Logo.svg People's Front
人民阵线
Barisan Rakyat
21 May 1971 NA 2 (1972, 1976) NA
PKMS Logo.svg Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Singapura
Singapore Malay National Organisation
新加坡马来国民机构
Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu or
United Malays National Organisation (1951–1967)
23 December 1951 20 February 1961 NA 13 (1955, 1959, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 20012, 20062, 20112, 20152, 20203) Abu Mohamed [7] [8]
Parti Kesatuan Ra'ayat
United Democratic Party
民主统一党
18 June 1962 NA 1 (1963) NA
People's Liberal Democratic Party
人民自由民主党
Parti Liberal Demokratik Rakyat
2 May 2006 NA 0 NA
Persatuan Melayu Singapura
Singapore Malays Association
新加坡马来人协会
2 February 1952 NA 0 NA
PSP logo variation.png Progress Singapore Party
Parti Kemajuan Singapura
新加坡前进党
முன்னேற்றம் சிங்கப்பூர் கட்சி
28 March 2019 28 March 2019 NA 1 (2020) Tan Cheng Bock [9] [10]
PP Logo.svg Progressive Party
进步党
Parti Progresif
25 August 1947 10 May 1956 3 (1948, 1951, 1955) NA
PPP logo variation.svg People's Power Party
人民力量党
Parti Kuasa Rakyat
15 May 2015 NA 2 (2015, 2020) Goh Meng Seng
Malaysian People's Party Logo.svg Partai Rakyat
People's Party (Singapore State Division)
人民党 (新加坡州部)
11 November 1955 18 June 1962 NA 2 (1959, 1963) NA
People's Republican Party
人民共和党
Parti Rakyat Republik
30 August 1973 NA 0 NA
PV logo variation.svg Peoples Voice
人民之声
29 October 2018 NA 1 (2020) Lim Tean
Red Dot United.svg Red Dot United
红点同心党
26 May 2020 15 June 2020 NA 1 (2020) Ravi Philemon [11] [12]
Reform Party Singapore logo (simple).svg Reform Party
革新党
Parti Reformasi
3 July 2008 NA 3 (2011, 2015, 2020) Kenneth Jeyaretnam [13] [14]
Singapore Congress
新加坡国民大会党
Kongres Singapura
9 May 1960 29 January 1962 0 NA
Singapore Chinese Party
新加坡华人党
Parti Cina Singapura
Malayan Chinese Association (1950–1967) 26 September 1950 NA 3 (1955, 1959, 19724) NA
Red star, 4x blue overlapping rings.svg Singapore Democratic Alliance
新加坡民主联盟
Perikatan Demokratik Singapura
3 July 2001 NA 5 (2001, 2006, 2011, 2015, 2020) Desmond Lim Bak Chuan [15]
SDP logo variation.svg Singapore Democratic Party
新加坡民主党
Parti Demokratik Singapura
6 August 1980 8 September 1980 NA 10 (1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015, 2020) Chee Soon Juan [16] [17]
Red star.svg Socialist Front
社会主义阵线
Socialist Front
1 September 2010 NA 0 NA [18]
SFP logo variation.png Singaporeans First
国人为先
Warga Diutamakan
25 May 2014 19 August 2014 25 June 2020 1 (2015) NA [19] [20]
Singapore Indian Congress
新加坡印度国民大会党
Kongres India Singapura
Singapore Regional Indian Congress (1946–1953)
Malayan Indian Congress (1953–1968)
August 1946 7 August 1962 NA 1 (1959) NA
Malay Union
新加坡马来人联合会
Kesatuan Melayu Singapura
14 May 1926 1961 2 (1955, 1959) NA
Singapore National Front
新加坡国民阵线
Barisan Nasional Singapura
15 August 1991 NA 0 NA
SPA Logo.svg Singapore People's Alliance
新加坡人民联盟
Perikatan Rakyat Singapura
10 November 1958 16 May 1965 1 (1959) NA
SPP logo.svg Singapore People's Party
新加坡人民党
Parti Rakyat Singapura
21 November 1994 NA 6 (1997, 20014, 20064, 2011, 2015, 2020) Steve Chia Kiah Hong [21] [22]
UNF Logo.svg United National Front
联合国民阵线
Barisan Nasional Bersatu
6 March 1970 NA 1 (1972) NA
UPF Logo.svg United People's Front
人民联合阵线
Barisan Rakyat Bersatu
20 March 1975 NA 4 (1976, 1980, 1984, 1988) NA
UPP Logo.svg United People's Party
人民团结党
Parti Ra'ayat Bersatu
14 July 1961 1968 1 (1963) NA
United Singapore Democrats
团结新加坡民主党
Demokrat Singapura Bersatu
25 March 2010 NA 0 NA
WP SG LOGO VARIANT.svg Workers' Party
工人党
Parti Pekerja
3 November 1957 30 January 1961 NA 15 (1959, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1997, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2015, 2020) Pritam Singh [23] [24]
Party Alternative name(s) Established Registered Dissolved Elections Contested 1 Incumbent Leader URL Facebook URL
  1. ^ The tally does not include city council elections, by-elections, Malaysian parliamentary elections or presidential elections (the latter which requires nonpartisan candidacy).
  2. ^ The party was contested under the coalition of Singapore People's Party (SPP).
  3. ^ The party was contested under the coalition of Singapore Democratic Alliance (SDA).
  4. ^ The party was contested under the coalition of United People's Front (UPF).

Other defunct parties[edit]

Shirt colours[edit]

The candidates and supporters of the various political parties tend to wear the following shirt colours while making their rounds in various wards or campaigning.

Party Shirt Colour
PSP logo variation.png Progress Singapore Party red and White
PV logo variation.svg Peoples Voice Black
PAP logo variation.svg People's Action Party White
WP SG LOGO VARIANT.svg Workers' Party Light Blue
SPP logo.svg Singapore People's Party Purple
SDP logo variation.svg Singapore Democratic Party Red
NSP logo variation.svg National Solidarity Party Orange
Reform Party Singapore logo (simple).svg Reform Party Yellow
Red Dot United.svg Red Dot United Navy Blue
Red star, 4x blue overlapping rings.svg Singapore Democratic Alliance Bright Green
DPP logo variation.png Democratic Progressive Party White and Orange
PPP logo variation.svg People's Power Party Light Purple

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Red Dot United gets approval for registration as political party, set to take part in coming GE". TODAYonline. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Mayne digs some donations data dirt". crikey.com.au. 1 February 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

External links[edit]