List of political parties in South Korea

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This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system,[1][2] characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current parties[edit]

Main parties[edit]

In addition to 21 independents, six political parties are present in the 20th National Assembly (forming a total of 299):

Party Assembly
Party leader Floor leader Position Ideology Comments
  Democratic Party (DPK)
120 Choo Mi-ae Woo Won-shik Centre-left[3][4] Social liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; merged from the Democratic Party and the minor New Political Vision Party.
  Liberty Korea Party (LKP)
107 Hong Jun-pyo Jeong Woo-taek Centre-right[5][6][7][8][9] to Right-wing[10][11] Conservatism see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; formerly called the Saenuri Party.
  People's Party (PP)
40 Park Joo-sun
Kim Dong-cheol Centre Centrism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; splintered from the Democratic Party of Korea.
  Bareun Party (BP)
20 Lee Hye-hoon Joo Ho-young Centre-right Liberal conservatism[12] see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; splintered from the Saenuri Party.
Justice Party (JP)
6 Sim Sang-jung Roh Hoe-chan Centre-left[13] to Left-wing[14] Social democracy See: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive; splintered from the Unified Progressive Party

Main parties that are not officially established[edit]

Party Assembly
Party leader Floor leader Position Ideology Comments
  New People Party
2 Left-wing to Far-left Left-wing nationalism see: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive; established by former members of the Unified Progressive Party.
  Korean Patriots Party
1 Far-right Neoconservatism see: Conservatism and New right in South Korea
Conservative; established by advocacy groups that opposes the impeachment of Park Geun-hye.

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

Defunct parties[edit]

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Liberal parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Progressive parties[edit]

Green parties[edit]

Banned parties[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wong, Joseph (2015). "South Korea's Weakly Institutionalized Party System". Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 260–279. 
  2. ^ Wong, Joseph (2012). "Transitioning from a dominant party system to multi-party system: The case of South Korea". Friend or Foe? Dominant Party Systems in Southern Africa: Insights from the Developing World. United Nations University Press. pp. 68–84. 
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Manyin, Mark E. (2003), South Korean Politics and Rising "Anti-Americanism": Implications for U.S. Policy Toward North Korea (PDF), Congressional Research Service 
  6. ^ The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013.
  7. ^ Cronin, Patrick M. (2009), Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World, INSS 
  8. ^ Global Security: Japan and Korea; Tenth Report of Session 2007-08, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, 2008 
  9. ^ Klassen, Thomas R. (2013), Korea's Retirement Predicament: The Ageing Tiger, Routledge, p. 12 
  10. ^ Oum, Young Rae (2008), Korean American diaspora subjectivity: Gender, ethnicity, dependency, and self-reflexivity, ProQuest, p. 144 
  11. ^ Routledge Handbook of Criminology
  12. ^ "보수 신당 이념 스펙트럼은?…정치권 지각변동". KBS (in Korean). 2016-12-27. Retrieved 2016-12-27. 
  13. ^ "Minor opposition party picks Rep. Shim Sang-jung as new chief". Yonhap News. 2015-07-18. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 
  14. ^ "Moon Jae-in’s support rises 40%, while Ahn Cheol-soo’s falls to 24%". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  15. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [1], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”