List of political parties in South Korea

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea

This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system,[1][2] characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current parties[edit]

Main parties[edit]

Following the 2016 legislative election, four political parties will be present in the 20th National Assembly:

Party Assembly
Party leader Floor leader Position Ideology Comments Status
  Saenuri Party (SP)
128 Lee Jung-hyun Chung Jin-suk Centre-right[3][4][5][6][7] to Right-wing[8][9] Conservatism see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; formerly called the Grand National Party.
Ruling party
  Democratic Party of Korea (DPK)
Deobureo minjudang
121 Choo Mi-ae Woo Sang-ho Centre to Centre-left[10][11] Social liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; merged from the Democratic Party and the minor New Political Vision Party.
  People's Party (PP)
38 Kim Dong-cheol Park Jie-won Centre Liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; splintered from the Minjoo Party of Korea.
Justice Party (JP)
6 Sim Sang-jung, Na Gyung-che Roh Hoe-chan Left-wing Progressivism See: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive; splintered from the Unified Progressive Party


  1. The total number of representatives is 300.
  2. 7 elected representatives are independents.

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

Defunct parties[edit]

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Liberal parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Progressive parties[edit]

Green parties[edit]

Banned parties[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wong, Joseph (2015). "South Korea's Weakly Institutionalized Party System". Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 260–279. 
  2. ^ Wong, Joseph (2012). "Transitioning from a dominant party system to multi-party system: The case of South Korea". Friend or Foe? Dominant Party Systems in Southern Africa: Insights from the Developing World. United Nations University Press. pp. 68–84. 
  3. ^ Manyin, Mark E. (2003), South Korean Politics and Rising "Anti-Americanism": Implications for U.S. Policy Toward North Korea (PDF), Congressional Research Service 
  4. ^ The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013.
  5. ^ Cronin, Patrick M. (2009), Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World, INSS 
  6. ^ Global Security: Japan and Korea; Tenth Report of Session 2007-08, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, 2008 
  7. ^ Klassen, Thomas R. (2013), Korea's Retirement Predicament: The Ageing Tiger, Routledge, p. 12 
  8. ^ Oum, Young Rae (2008), Korean American diaspora subjectivity: Gender, ethnicity, dependency, and self-reflexivity, ProQuest, p. 144 
  9. ^ Routledge Handbook of Criminology
  10. ^ Kang, Jiwon (2014-03-02). "[강지원의 뉴스! 정면승부] "국가지도자 추구하는 안철수, 의원 2명인 곳에서 뜻 펼치긴 어려워"-민주당 설훈 의원" (in Korean). YTN. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  11. ^ Chae, Jongwon (2014-03-31). 안보·경제민주화 양축…金·安 공동대표 가능성 (in Korean). Maeil Economy. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  12. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [1], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”