List of political parties in South Korea

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This article lists political parties in South Korea.

South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system,[1][2] characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current parties[edit]

Main parties[edit]

Party Abbr. Leader Floor leader Ideology Political position Policy toward North National Assembly
Parliamentary group  
DPK Lee Jae-myung Park Hong-keun Liberalism (South Korean) Centre[3] to centre-left[4] Pro-Sunshine Policy
168 / 300
 
PPP Kim Gi-hyeon Joo Ho-young Conservatism (South Korean) Right-wing Anti-North
111 / 300
Without parliamentary group
JP Lee Jeong-mi Bae Jin-gyo Centre-left to left-wing[a] Moderate[b]
6 / 300
BIP Shin Ji-Hae Yong Hye-in Universal basic income Single-issue None
1 / 300
PP Yoon Hee-suk
  • Collective leadership
Progressivism (South Korean) Left-wing[c] Strongly pro-Sunshine Policy[11]
1 / 300
HoK Yang Hyang-ja Yang Hyang-ja Pragmatism Centrist pragmatism
Science politics
None
1 / 300
  1. ^ The Justice Party is considered a solid 'left-wing' or 'progressive' in South Korea's political landscape.[5] However, some of researchers have evaluated the Justice Party as radical in South Korea's conservative political landscape, but still more moderate than the centre-left social democrats in Europe.[6]
  2. ^ JP does not support anti-communism and is moderate-open to dialogue with the North Korean government. However, unlike the DPK, which supports a friendly approach to North Korea.[7][8]
  3. ^ The Progressive Party is often described as "far-left" in South Korea due to its sympathies toward North Korea, opposition to the U.S. military presence in South Korea, and political similarities with the defunct Unified Progressive Party.[9][10] This is due to the party descending from the Minjokhaebang-wing (National Liberation faction) of progressivism in South Korea, who were described as being left-wing nationalists, reunificationists and anti-American.

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

Conservative parties[edit]

Centrist (or conservative liberal) parties[edit]

Liberal parties[edit]

Progressive parties[edit]

Single-issue parties[edit]

Unknown stances, third position, or syncretic parties[edit]

Parties in formation[edit]

These parties are not legal acting political parties yet, but are in the process of gathering petition signatures to become formal political parties.

Party name Registration date Party leader Petitioning deadline Notes
The Feminism Party
페미니즘당
30 May 2023 Lee Ga-hyun 30 November 2023 Third iteration of the party after two unsuccessful petition drives
Korean Peninsula Future Party
한반도미래당
13 June 2023 Kim Jeong-sun 13 December 2023 Recreation of the now-disbanded Future Korean Peninsula Union
National People's Sovereignty Party
국민주권당
10 July 2023 Park Jun-wi 10 January 2024 Created out of pro-DPK members who defected from the left-wing Progressive Party, and supported by Candlelight Action
Social Democratic Party
사회민주당
25 September 2023 Jeong Ho-jin 25 March 2023 Created out of 60 members who defected from the left-wing Justice Party[16]
People's Policy Party
국민정책당
31 August 2023 Lee Ki-nam 29 February 2024
A New Choice
새로운선택
25 September 2023 Geum Tae-seop 25 March 2024
Nuclear Nation Party
핵나라당
5 October 2023 Jeong Hui-won 5 April 2024 A Hitlerite party that has submitted its attempted registration for the 7th time[17]
The People's Judgement
국민의심판
3 November 2023 Kim Pil-gyu 3 May 2024
The People's Sentiment
민심동행
6 November 2023 Shin In-kyu 6 May 2024 Created from anti-Yoon conservatives.

Defunct parties[edit]

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Liberal parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Progressive parties[edit]

Green parties[edit]

Unknown or syncretic parties[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ an unregistered left-wing to far-left political party. It is unable to register due to a ban on openly socialist or communist parties under the National Security Act.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wong, Joseph (2015). "South Korea's Weakly Institutionalized Party System". Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 260–279.
  2. ^ Wong, Joseph (2012). "Transitioning from a dominant party system to multi-party system: The case of South Korea". Friend or Foe? Dominant Party Systems in Southern Africa: Insights from the Developing World. United Nations University Press. pp. 68–84.
  3. ^ The Democratic Party of Korea is described as a centrist party by numerous sources:
  4. ^
  5. ^ "¹ý¾È Ç¥°á·Î º» ±¹È¸ÀÇ¿ø 300¸í À̳伺Çâ - ·¹ÀÌ´õP". m.raythep.com/. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  6. ^ 조성 (July 20, 2018). 독일 정치 우리의 대 (in Korean). e지식의 날개. ISBN 9788920032370 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ ""국민 생명이 먼저" 정의당, 북에도 할 말 하겠다는 '신노선'". The Hankyoreh. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  8. ^ "정의당도 요구한 對北 규탄결의안, 민주당 "北 이미 사과했다" 버티기". The Chosun Ilbo. 28 September 2020. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Female prosecutor opens up about sexual harassment". koreaherald. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2020. "Members of the far-left minor opposition Minjung Party protest, demanding the Prosecution’s apology and an investigation into a female prosecutor’s sexual harassment allegations, in front of the Supreme Prosecutors’ Office in Seoul on Tuesday."
  10. ^ "[4·15 총선 앗싸①] '극좌'에서 '극우'까지 ... '배당금黨'에 '결혼당'도 출현" [[April 15 general elections] From 'far left' to 'far right' ... 'Dividend Party' and 'Marriage Party' have also emerged.]. 뉴스웍스. 26 January 2020.
  11. ^ "[보도자료] 김재연 후보, 유엔 총회 앞두고 "남북교류협력 가로막는 대북제재 해제하라"". Progressive Party.
  12. ^ "중앙당 등록공고(대한국민당)".
  13. ^ "국민대통합당". pgup.or.kr.
  14. ^ "공고 | 위원회소식 | 알림마당 | 중앙선거관리위원회".
  15. ^ "중앙당 등록공고(통일한국당)".
  16. ^ https://www.hani.co.kr/arti/politics/assembly/1099101.html
  17. ^ https://www.nec.go.kr/site/nec/ex/bbs/View.do?cbIdx=1086&bcIdx=189796
  18. ^ "'새로운물결' 창당 선언한 김동연 "별칭은 '오징어당'…정치 바꾸겠다"". 조선비즈. October 24, 2021.
  19. ^ https://news.nate.com/view/20231109n35072
  20. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [1], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”
  21. ^ "'노동당·사회변혁노동자당' 통합정당 2월5일 출범 < 정당 < 정치ㆍ경제 < 기사본문 - 매일노동뉴스". 18 January 2022.

Bibliography[edit]