List of political parties in South Korea

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This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system,[1][2] characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current parties[edit]

Main parties[edit]

Party Assembly
seats
Party leader Floor leader Position Ideology
Parliamentary group   Democratic Party
더불어민주당
172 Song Young-gil Yun Ho-jung Centre[3] to centre-left[4] Liberalism[5]
  People Power Party
국민의힘
112 Lee Jun-seok Kim Gi-hyeon Right-wing[6] Conservatism
Anti-communism
Without parliamentary group Justice Party
정의당
6 Yeo Yeong-gug Kang Eun-mi Centre-left[7] Liberalism[8][9]
Social democracy[10]
Basic Income Party
기본소득당
1 Shin Ji-Hae Yong Hye-in Single Issue
Universal Basic Income
Social liberalism
(de facto)
Transition Korea
시대전환
1 Cho Jung-hun Cho Jung-hun Centre[11] Pragmatism[11]

Local-parliamentary parties[edit]

Party Party leader Position Ideology
Minsaeng Party
민생당
Seo Jin-hee Center to center-right Conservative liberalism
Regionalism
Progressive Party
진보당
Kim Jae-yeon Left-wing to far-left Progressivism
Left-wing populism
Awakened Civic Solidarity Party
깨어있는시민연대당
Lee Min-koo Center to center-left Pro-Moon Jae-in

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

Conservative parties[edit]

Centrist (or conservative liberal) parties[edit]

Liberal parties[edit]

Progressive parties[edit]

Single-issue parties[edit]

Unknown stances, third way, or syncretic parties[edit]

Parties in formation[edit]

These parties are not legal acting political parties yet, but are in the process of gathering petition signatures to become formal political parties.

Party Name Registration Date Party Leader Petitioning Deadline Notes
National Party for the Redemption (금도환국당) October 29, 2021 An Dong-ok April 29, 2022
Liberty Justice and Truth Party (자유정의진리당) December 7, 2021 Park Sang-won June 7, 2022
Creative Korea Party (창조한국당) January 11, 2022 Ha Jong-geuk July 11, 2022
Free People's Union (자유국민연합) January 26, 2022 Shin Hye-jin, Kim Rak-hong July 26, 2022
Nuclear Country Party (핵나라당) February 22, 2022 Jeong Hui-won August 22, 2022
A Brighter Future Party (더밝은미래당) March 28, 2022 Seo Jeong-mi September 28, 2022
The Feminism Party (페미니즘당) February 14, 2020 Lee Ga-hyun Founding Congress still in session. Has not filed paperwork, but runs candidates as independents.

Defunct parties[edit]

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Liberal parties[edit]

Mainstream parties[edit]

Minor parties[edit]

Progressive parties[edit]

Green parties[edit]

Banned parties[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ an unregistered left-wing to far-left political party. It is unable to register due to a ban on openly socialist or communist parties under the National Security Act.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wong, Joseph (2015). "South Korea's Weakly Institutionalized Party System". Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 260–279.
  2. ^ Wong, Joseph (2012). "Transitioning from a dominant party system to multi-party system: The case of South Korea". Friend or Foe? Dominant Party Systems in Southern Africa: Insights from the Developing World. United Nations University Press. pp. 68–84.
  3. ^ The Democratic Party of Korea is described as a centrist party by numerous sources:
  4. ^
  5. ^ The Democratic Party of Korea is described as a liberal party by numerous sources:
  6. ^ "Three minor parties merge ahead of April elections". Yonhap News Agency. 24 February 2020. Last Monday, the main opposition Liberty Korea Party merged with the New Conservative Party and Forward for Future 4.0 to create the right-wing United Future Party (UFP).
  7. ^ "Minor opposition party picks Rep. Shim Sang-jung as new chief". Yonhap News. 2015-07-18. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  8. ^ "Political circle in fierce competition to court young voters". The Korea Times. 18 June 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2021. Rep. Jang Hye-young, a 34-year-old lawmaker of the minor liberal opposition Justice Party, which has long been promoting the rights of social minorities and the marginalized including women, said that Lee often distorted feminism when making such outspoken comments on gender-related issues and he needs to be more careful when commenting on feminism as he now has greater responsibility as the party leader.
  9. ^ "Seoul Mayor's Death Shocks South Korea". The Diplomat. 9 July 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2021. Ryu Ho-jeong of the small liberal opposition Justice Party wrote on Facebook that she won’t pay respects to Park, saying she doesn’t want the alleged victim to “feel lonely.” Her message drew both strong support and opposition online.
  10. ^ Miller, Owen (18 May 2017). "South Korea After Park". Jacobin. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  11. ^ a b "시대전환 '비례연합정당' 참여하나… 16일 중 최종결정". Kyunghyang Shinmun. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2019. 중도·실용주의 신생정당인 ‘시대전환’이 16일 더불어민주당이 주도하는 비례연합정당 참여를 최종 결정할 예정인 것으로 전해졌다.
  12. ^ "중앙당 등록공고(대한국민당)".
  13. ^ "국민대통합당". pgup.or.kr.
  14. ^ "중앙당 등록공고(통일한국당)".
  15. ^ "'새로운물결' 창당 선언한 김동연 "별칭은 '오징어당'…정치 바꾸겠다"". 조선비즈. October 24, 2021.
  16. ^ "'노동당·사회변혁노동자당' 통합정당 2월5일 출범 < 정당 < 정치ㆍ경제 < 기사본문 - 매일노동뉴스".
  17. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [1], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”

Bibliography[edit]