List of political parties in Taiwan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
National Emblem of the Republic of China.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of China
Taiwan-icon.svg Taiwan portal

This article lists political parties in Taiwan.

Current parties[edit]

Parties with national or local representation[edit]

Party Representation Party Leader Political position Notes
National Local
Leaders Councils
Democratic Progressive Party
民主進步黨 Mínzhǔ Jìnbù Dǎng
Bîn-chú Chìn-pō͘ Tóng
Ruling party

68

13 291 Tsai Ing-wen Centre-left Liberalism, Progressivism, Taiwanese nationalism. Leader of the Pan-Green Coalition in Taiwan, also a member of Liberal International.
Kuomintang
中國國民黨 Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng
Tiong-kok Kok-bîn-tóng
35 6 386 Wu Den-yih Centre-right Conservatism, Chinese nationalism, Three Principles of the People. Leader of the Pan-Blue Coalition in Taiwan, also a member of International Democrat Union
New Power Party
時代力量 Shídài Lìliàng
Sî‑tāi Le̍k‑liōng
5 Huang Kuo-chang Centre-left Progressivism, Social liberalism, Taiwanese nationalism. Considered a member of the Pan-Green Coalition.
People First Party
親民黨 Qīnmín Dǎng
Chhin-bîn Tóng
3 9 James Soong Centre-right Liberal conservatism, Chinese nationalism. Considered a member of the Pan-Blue Coalition, now functions more independently from Kuomintang, sometimes refers to the Orange Group.
Non-Partisan Solidarity Union
無黨團結聯盟 Wúdǎng Tuánjié Liánméng
Bû-tóng Thoân-kiat Liân-bêng
1 Lin Ping-kun Centre-right Conservative liberalism. Considered a member of the Pan-Blue Coalition.
Taiwan Solidarity Union
台灣團結聯盟 Táiwān Tuánjié Liánméng
Tâi-oân Thoân-kiat Liân-bêng
9 Liu Yi-te Centre-left Progressivism, Social liberalism, Taiwanese nationalism, Taiwan independence. A member of Pan-Green Coalition.
Minkuotang
民國黨 Mínguó Dǎng
Bîn-kok Tóng
2 Hsu Hsin-Ying Centre-right Liberal conservatism, Three Principles of the People. Considered a member of the Pan-Blue Coalition, closer to the Orange Groups.
New Party
新黨 Xīn Dăng
Sin Tóng
2 Yok Mu-ming Right-wing Conservatism, Chinese nationalism, Chinese Reunification. A member of the Pan-Blue Coalition.
Green Party Taiwan
台灣綠黨 Táiwān Lǜ Dǎng
Tâi-ôan Le̍k Tóng
2 Lee Keng-cheng
Chang Yu-jing
Centre-left Green politics. Unaligned to any political coalitions in Taiwan, a member of Global Greens.
Trees Party
樹黨 Shù Dǎng
Chhiū Tóng
1 Pan Han-chiang
Lin Chia-yu
Centre-left Environmentalism. Unaligned to any political coalitions in Taiwan.
Taiwan First Nations Party
台灣第一民族黨 Táiwān Dìyī Mínzú Dǎng
Tâi-oân Tē-it Bîn-cho̍k Tóng
1 Shih Ching-lung Centre-left Taiwanese aboriginal nationalism. Unaligned to any political coalitions in Taiwan.
Labor Party
勞動黨 Láodòng Dǎng
Lô-tōng Tóng
1 Wu Rong-yuan Far-left Communism, Chinese nationalism, Chinese Reunification. Unaligned to any political coalitions in Taiwan, a member of International Communist Seminar

Full list of registered political parties[edit]

Here is a full list of registered political parties according to the Ministry of the Interior, by order of registration. Dates indicate date of founding.

Historical parties[edit]

Taiwan under Japanese rule[edit]

Political party movements in Taiwan started in the late 1910s after World War I, during the Taishō period (Taishō Democracy). Taiwanese political movements at this time were to modify the discriminatory colonial laws established in earlier years, and to setup local autonomy systems like in Mainland Japan. The largest political movement at this time was the Petition Movement for the Establishment of a Taiwanese Parliament. At the same time, the International Communist Movement also influenced Taiwan, many Left-wing parties and organizations were also established.

Notable Taiwanese parties during this time are:

At the same time, the political parties in Mainland Japan also affected Taiwan. Most of the Governor-General of Taiwan were also members of the House of Peers of the Imperial Diet (帝国議会). Party affiliations of the Governor-Generals were:

However, in the late 1930s, the Empire of Japan joins the World War II. To prepare for the Pacific War, all political parties in Mainland Japan were forced to be merged into a single organization

with its Taiwanese branch

was the only legal political party-like organization in Taiwan until the end of World War II.

Taiwan after World War II[edit]

Taiwan was ceded back to the Republic of China, founded in 1912 on the mainland, on 25 October 1945 and was placed under martial law from 19 May 1949 to 15 July 1987. At this time, all forms of opposition were forbidden by the government, only three political parties who retreated to Taiwan were allowed to participate the elections.

All other oppositions who were not allowed not form a political party could only be listed as "independent candidate". These movements were called Tangwai movement (黨外, literally outside of Kuomintang). A notable exception in this era was

It was established "illegally" in 28 September 1986, then was legalized in the next year by the lift of the martial law.

Democratization[edit]

As Taiwan democratized in the late 1980s, the number of legally registered political parties in Taiwan had increased exponentially and continued to increase year by year, indicating a liberal democracy and high political freedom in Taiwan.

Number of registered political parties by year
Year 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
No. parties 60 72 75 82 87 94 99 110 122 145 177 234 264 310

In the recent decades, Taiwan's political campaigns can be classified to two ideological blocs

The majority in both coalitions state a desire to maintain the status quo for now. Many minor parties in Taiwan are unaligned with either coalition.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ KMT's prior body was Revive China Society (Xinzhonghui 興中會), founded on 24 November 1894. It officially renamed itself as China Nationalist Party 中國國民黨 in 1919.
  2. ^ The prior body of China Democratic Socialist Party (中國民主社會黨) was China National Socialist Party (中國國家社會黨), which was founded on 16 April 1932. It renamed itself as China Democratic Socialist Party (中國民主社會黨) on 15 August 1946.

References[edit]

  1. ^ named after Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's book 天下為公

External links[edit]