List of political parties in Tanzania
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This article lists political parties in Tanzania. The country operates under a dominant multi-party system with the ruling party being in power since the nation attained its independence in 1961. It first governed as the Tanganyika African National Union, before merging with the Afro-Shirazi Party to form the Chama Cha Mapinduzi.
Brief history and overview
Tanzania attained its independence as Tanganyika Territory from the United Kingdom in 1961 with the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) forming its first government. Following the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964, it merged with the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar (present day Tanzania). It thereafter became a one-party state with TANU and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) being the only parties operating on the mainland and the Zanzibar Archipelago respectively.
On 5 February 1977, TANU merged with its Zanzibari counterpart, the ASP to form the Chama Cha Mapinduzi which served as the sole legal party until 1992 when multi-party system was re-introduced. The country also adopted the Structural Adjustment Program upon recommendation of the Bretton Woods Institutions.
Since the re-introduction of the multi-party system, the CCM has continued to retain its popularity and the voter's confidence, having won all the past four general elections in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010. Jakaya Kikwete, the party's presidential candidate in 2005 won the election by a landslide victory receiving more than 80% of the popular vote. Next election will be held in October 2015.
|1||Chama Cha Mapinduzi (Party of the Revolution)||CCM||1977|
|2||Civic United Front (Chama cha Wananchi)||CUF||1992|
|3||Party for Democracy and Progress (Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo)||CHADEMA||1992||0||0||0||0|
|4||Union for Multiparty Democracy||UMD||1993||0||0||0||0||0|
|5||NCCR–Mageuzi (Chama cha Mageuzi na Ujenzi wa Taifa)||NCCR-M||1992||0||0||0|
|6||National League for Democracy||NLD||1993||0||0||0||0||0|
|7||Attentive Democracy Party (Demokrasia Makini)||MAKINI||2001||0||0||0||0||0|
|8||United People's Democratic Party||UPDP||1993||0||0||0||0||0|
|9||National Reconstruction Alliance||NRA||1993||0||0||0||0||0|
|10||Democratic Party (Chama Cha Kidemokrasia)||DP||2002||0||0||0||0||0|
|11||Tanzania Democratic Alliance||TADEA||1990||0||0||0||0||0|
|12||Tanzania Labour Party||TLP||1993||0||0||0||0|
|13||United Democratic Party||UDP||1994||0||0||0||0|
|14||Justice and Development Party (Chama cha Haki na Ustawi)||CHAUSTA||1998||0||0||0||0||0|
|15||Progressive Party of Tanzania – Maendeleo||PPT-MAENDELEO||2003||0||0||0||0||0|
|16||People's Voice (Sauti ya Umma)||SAU||2005||0||0||0||0||0|
|17||Traditional Dhow (Jahazi Asilia)||2004||0||0||0||0||0|
|18||Alliance for Tanzanian Farmers Party (Chama Cha Wakulima)||AFP||2009||0||0||0||0||0|
|19||Social Party (Chama Cha Kijamii)||CCK||2012||0||0||0||0||0|
|20||Alliance for Democratic Change (Umoja wa Mabadiliko ya Demokrasia)||ADC||2012||0||0||0||0||0|
|21||Party for People's Redemption (Chama cha Ukombozi wa Umma)||CHAUMMA||2013||0||0||0||0||0|
|22||Alliance for Change and Transparency (Umoja wa Mabadiliko na Uwazi)||ACT||2014||0||0||0||0||0|
- Tanganyika African National Union (TANU)
- Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP)
- Zanzibar Nationalist Party (ZNP)
- Zanzibar and Pemba People's Party (ZPPP)
- "Tanzania in Figures" (PDF). National Bureau of Statistics (Tanzania). 2010. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Tanzania: Parties registered for 2010 elections". Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa. 2010. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- O'Gorman, Melanie (18 March 2009). "Why the CCM Won't Lose: The Roots of Single Party Dominance in Tanzania". Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford University. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.