List of political parties in Turkey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Flag of Turkey.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

Turkey is a parliamentary democracy with a multi-party system. Major parties are defined as political parties that received more than 10% of the votes in the latest general election and/or represented in parliament. Minor parties are defined as political parties that have fulfilled the requirements of the Supreme Election Committee (Yüksek Seçim Kurulu in Turkish, abbreviated as YSK) and whose names have been listed on ballots.

Major parties[edit]

Parties represented in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
# Party Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Position MPs Metro.Mun. Municipalities National Aff. European Aff. International Aff.
1 Justice and Development Party
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
AK PARTİ Binali Yıldırım Neo-Ottomanism[1][2]
Conservative democracy[3][4]
Right-wing
317 / 550
18 / 30
800 / 1,351
- Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists -
2 Republican People's Party
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
CHP Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu Social democracy,
Kemalism
Center-left
134 / 550
6 / 30
226 / 1,351
- Party of European Socialists Socialist International
3 Nationalist Movement Party
Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi
MHP Devlet Bahçeli Turkish nationalism,
Pan-Turkism
Far-right
40 / 550
3 / 30
166 / 1,351
- - -
4 Peoples' Democratic Party
Halkların Demokratik Partisi
HDP Selahattin Demirtaş
Figen Yüksekdağ
Democratic socialism,
Kurdish nationalism
Left-wing
59 / 550
2 / 30
97 / 1,351
Peoples' Democratic Congress - -
Parties below the parliamentary threshold in 2015 General Election
5 Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
SAADET Mustafa Kamalak Sunni Islamism,
Conservatism
Far-right - -
27 / 1,351
- - -
6 Great Union Party
Büyük Birlik Partisi
BBP Mustafa Destici Sunni Islamism,
Conservatism
Far right - -
6 / 1,351
- - -
7 Patriotic Party
Vatan Partisi
Vatan Partisi Doğu Perinçek Scientific socialism,
Vanguardism, Left-wing nationalism
Left-wing - -
0 / 1,351
- - -
8 Rights and Freedoms Party
Hak ve Özgürlükler Partisi
HAK-PAR Vacant Kurdish nationalism Centre-right - -
0 / 1,351
- - -
9 People's Liberation Party
Halkın Kurtuluş Partisi
HKP Nurullah Ankut Marxism,
Left-wing nationalism
Far left - -
0 / 1,351
- - -
10 Democratic Party
Demokrat Parti
DP Gültekin Uysal Turkish nationalism,
Liberal nationalism
Centre-right - -
14 / 1,351
- - -
11 Independent Turkey Party
Bağımsız Türkiye Partisi
BTP Haydar Baş National Economy Model,
Alevi and Shia rights
Centre - -
0 / 1,351
- - -
12 Communist Party
Komünist Parti
KP Arif Hikmet Basa Communism, Marxism-Leninsm Far left - -
1 / 1,351
United June Movement Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
13 Democratic Left Party
Demokratik Sol Parti
DSP Önder Aksakal Democratic socialism,
Kemalism
Centre-left - -
5 / 1,351
- - -
14 Liberal Democratic Party
Liberal Demokrat Parti
LDP Cem Toker Classical liberalism Centre - -
1 / 1,351
- - -
15 Nation Party
Millet Partisi
MİLLET Aykut Edibali Conservatism, Turkish nationalism Right-wing - -
1 / 1,351
- - -
16 True Path Party
Doğru Yol Partisi
DYP Çetin Özaçıkgöz Economic liberalism,
conservatism
Centre-right - -
0 / 1,351
- - -
Source: "Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Milletvekilleri Dağılımı" (in Turkish). Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi. 
"30 Mart 2014 Mahalli İdareler Genel Seçimleri Resmi Gazeteye Gönderilen Seçim Sonuçları" (in Turkish). Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Yüksek Seçim Kurulu. 

Minor parties[edit]

Defunct and historical parties[edit]

These are some of the parties that were dismantled because of their internal dynamics, mergers, inability to find electoral base or through governmental intervention, for instance following the coups.

Banned parties[edit]

These are some of the parties that were banned through extraordinary courts or the Constitutional Court of Turkey.

See also[edit]

References[edit]