List of political parties in Turkey

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Turkey is a presidential democracy with a multi-party system. Major parties are defined as political parties that received more than 10% of the votes in the latest general election and/or represented in parliament. Minor parties are defined as political parties that have fulfilled the requirements of the Supreme Election Committee (Yüksek Seçim Kurulu in Turkish, abbreviated as YSK) and whose names have been listed on ballots.

Major parties[edit]

Parties represented in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
# Party Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Position MPs Metro.Mun. Municipalities National Aff. European Aff. International Aff. Year of foundation Members
1 Justice and Development Party
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
AK Parti AKP Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Social conservatism,[1][2]
Neo-Ottomanism[3][4][5]
Right-wing
289 / 600
15 / 30
737 / 1,351
People's Alliance - - 2001 11,049,956
2 Republican People's Party
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
CHP Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu Social democracy,
Kemalism
Centre-left
138 / 600
11 / 30
262 / 1,351
Nation Alliance Party of European Socialists Socialist International,
Progressive Alliance
1923, 1992 (re-foundation) 1,252,905
3 Peoples' Democratic Party
Halkların Demokratik Partisi
HDP Sezai Temelli,
Pervin Buldan
Democratic socialism,
Regionalism
Left-wing
56 / 600
3 / 30
62 / 1,351
Peoples' Democratic Congress Party of European Socialists Progressive Alliance 2012 40,519
4 Nationalist Movement Party
Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi
MHP Devlet Bahçeli Ultranationalism,
Pan-Turkism
Far-right
48 / 600
1 / 30
234 / 1,351
People's Alliance - - 1969 492,994
5 İYİ Party
İYİ Parti
İYİ PARTİ Meral Akşener Turkish nationalism,
Kemalism,
Social justice
Centre to Centre-right
36 / 600
0 / 30
25 / 1,351
Nation Alliance - - 2017 316,319
6 Workers' Party of Turkey
Türkiye İşçi Partisi,
TİP Erkan Baş Communism,
Marxism-Leninism
Far-left
2 / 600
0 / 30
0 / 1,351
- - International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties 2017 1,294
7 Great Union Party
Büyük Birlik Partisi
BBP Mustafa Destici Sunni Islamism,
Conservatism
Far-right
1 / 600
0 / 30
10 / 1,351

People's Alliance

- - 1993 26,636
8 Democracy and Progress Party
Demokrasi ve Atılım Partisi
DEVA Ali Babacan Liberalism,
Liberal democracy,
Pro-Europeanism
Centre to Centre-right [6]
1 / 600
0 / 30
0 / 1,351
- - - 2020 9,531
9 Democratic Regions Party
Demokratik Bölgeler Partisi
DBP Salihe Aydeniz

Keskin Bayındır

Kurdish nationalism Left-wing
1 / 600
0 / 30
0 / 1,351
Peoples' Democratic Congress - - 2008 7,366
10 Democrat Party
Demokrat Parti
DP Gültekin Uysal Liberal conservatism Centre-right
1 / 600
0 / 30
8 / 1,351
Nation Alliance - - 2007 433,524
11 Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
SAADET Temel Karamollaoğlu Sunni Islamism,
Conservatism
Far-right
1 / 600
0 / 30
20 / 1,351
Nation Alliance - - 2001 217,309
Parties below the parliamentary threshold in 2018 General Election
Patriotic Party
Vatan Partisi
Vatan Partisi Doğu Perinçek Eurasianism,
Left-wing nationalism
Far-left - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 1992 19,273
Free Cause Party
Hür Dava Partisi
HÜRPAR Mehmet Yavuz Islamism
Pan-Islamism
Religious conservatism
Far-right - - - - - - 2012 8,760
Other parties contested in recent general elections
Rights and Freedoms Party
Hak ve Özgürlükler Partisi
HAKPAR Abdullatif Epözdemir Kurdish nationalism Left-wing - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2002 1,307
People's Liberation Party
Halkın Kurtuluş Partisi
HKP Nurullah Ankut Marxism–Leninism,
Kıvılcımlıism
Far-left - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2005 362
Independent Turkey Party
Bağımsız Türkiye Partisi
BTP Hüseyin Baş Economic nationalism,
Alevi and Shia rights
Centre - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2001 6,302
Democratic Left Party
Demokratik Sol Parti
DSP Önder Aksakal Democratic socialism,
Kemalism
Centre-left - -
7 / 1,351
- - - 1985 33,244
Liberal Democratic Party
Liberal Demokrat Parti
LDP Gültekin Tırpancı Classical liberalism Centre - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 1994 5,138
Nation Party
Millet Partisi
MİLLET Aykut Edibali Conservatism,
Turkish nationalism
Centre-right - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 1992 4,235
True Path Party
Doğru Yol Partisi
DYP Çetin Özaçıkgöz Liberal conservatism Centre-right - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2007 81
Number of MPs: "Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Milletvekilleri Dağılımı". Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi (in Turkish). Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Retrieved 2020-11-13., Official member numbers, foundation years and leaders: "Siyasi Parti Genel Bilgileri". Yargıtay Cumhuriyet Başsavcılığı (in Turkish). Court of Cassation. 2020-10-01. Retrieved 2020-11-15., Municipalities: "31 Mart 2019 Mahalli İdareler Seçimleri". T.C. Yüksek Seçim Kurulu (in Turkish). Supreme Electoral Council (Turkey). Retrieved 2020-11-06.

Minor parties[edit]

Minor parties did not participate in the 2015 General Election are:

Party Name Turkish name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Position Date of foundation
Communist Party of Turkey (current) Türkiye Komunist

Partisi

TKP Kemal Okuyan Communism

Marxism–Leninism

Far-left 1993
Socialist Liberation Party Toplumcu Kurtuluş Partisi 1920 TKP Communism

Marxism–Leninism

Left-wing 2012
Left Party Sol Parti ÖDP Alper Taş Socialism Left-wing 1994
Labour Party Emek Partisi EMEP Selma Gürkan Communism

Marxism–Leninism

Left-wing 1996
Revolutionary Socialist Workers' Party Devrimci Sosyalist İşçi Partisi DSİP Şevket Doğan Tarkan Trotskyism Left-wing 1997
Revolutionary Workers' Party Devrimci İşçi Partisi DİP Ömer Sungur Savran Trotskyism Left-wing 2007
Socialist Workers' Party of Turkey Türkiye Sosyalist İşçi Partisi TSİP Turgut Koçak Socialism

Marxism–Leninism

Left-wing 1993
Conservative Ascension Party Muhafazakâr Yükseliş Partisi MYP Conservative 2013
Homeland Party Yurt Partisi YURT-P Conservative 2002
Motherland Party Anavatan Partisi ANAP İbrahim Çelebi Liberal 2011
Great Turan Movement Party Turan Hareketi Partisi TURAN Nationalism, Turanism Far-right 2014
Ötüken Union Party Ötüken Birliği Partisi ÖTÜKEN Nationalism, Pan-Turkism Alt-right 2017
National Party Ulusal Parti ULUSAL Gökçe Fırat Çulhaoğlu Nationalism Far-right 2010
National Struggle Party Milli Mücadele Partisi MMP Nationalism Far-right 2014
Green Party Yeşiller Partisi - Emine Özkan (female spokesperson)
Koray Doğan Urbarlı (male spokesperson)
Green liberal 2020
Green Left Party Yeşil Sol Parti - Eylem Tuncaelli, Naci Sönmez Green politics Left-wing 2012
Women's Party Kadın Partisi - Fatma Benal Yazgan Feminism Left 2014
Centre Party Merkez Parti - Centre 2014
Young Party Genç Parti GP Hakan Uzan Centre 2002
Future Party Gelecek Partisi - Ahmet Davutoğlu Right 2019
New Welfare Party Yeniden Refah Partisi - Fatih Erbakan Milli Görüş Far-right [7] 2018

Former[edit]

Inactive parties[edit]

The following parties are inactive, and they are not listed in the active political parties list by the Supreme Court of Appeal.[8]

Party Name Turkish name Abbr. Ideology Position
Socialist Alternative Sosyalist Alternatif SA Marxist, Trotskyist, Committee for a Workers International Left-wing
People's Communist Party of Turkey Halkın Türkiye Komünist Partisi HTKP Left-wing
Socialist Democracy Party Sosyalist Demokrasi Partisi SDP Left-wing
Participatory Democracy Party Katılımcı Demokrasi Partisi KADEP Kurdish nationalism
Democracy Party of Turkey & Kurdistan Türkiye Kürdistan Demokrasi Partisi T-KDP Kurdish nationalism
Alternative and Change Party Alternatif ve Değişim Partisi AL PARTİ Conservative
Nation and Justice Party Millet ve Adalet Partisi MİLAD Conservative
People's Ascent Party Halkın Yükselişi Partisi HYP Liberal
Turkey's Change Movement Türkiye Değişim Hareketi TDH Liberal
Social Reconciliation Reform and Development Party Toplumsal Uzlaşma Reform ve Kalkınma Partisi TURK-P Nationalism
Independent Republic Party Bağımsız Cumhuriyet Partisi BCP Nationalism
Rights and Equality Party Hak ve Eşitlik Partisi HEPAR Nationalism
Electronic Democracy Party Elektronik Demokrasi Partisi e-Parti Centre

Defunct and historical parties[edit]

These are some of the parties that were dismantled because of their internal dynamics, mergers, inability to find electoral base or through governmental intervention, for instance following the coups.

Banned parties[edit]

These are some of the parties that were banned through extraordinary courts or the Constitutional Court of Turkey.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cook, Steven A. (2012). "Recent History: The Rise of the Justice and Development Party". U.S.-Turkey Relations: A New Partnership to: 52.
  2. ^ Göçek, Fatma Müge (2011). "The Transformation of Turkey: Redefining State and Society from the Ottoman Empire to the Modern Era". I.B. Tauris: 56. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
    Tocci, Nathalie (2012). "Turkey and the European Union". The Routledge Handbook of Modern Turkey: 241.
  3. ^ "AKP and the great neo-Ottoman travesty | US & Canada | al Jazeera".
  4. ^ Yavuz, M. Hakan (1998). "Turkish identity and foreign policy in flux: The rise of Neo‐Ottomanism". Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies. 7 (12): 19–41. doi:10.1080/10669929808720119.
  5. ^ Kardaş, Şaban (2010). "Turkey: Redrawing the Middle East Map or Building Sandcastles?". Middle East Policy. 17: 115–136. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4967.2010.00430.x.
  6. ^ Party Program of DEVA https://devapartisi.org/temel-metinler/parti-programi. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Erbakan supports the marriage of 15 years old children".
  8. ^ "Faaliyette Olan Siyasi Partiler" (PDF). The Supreme Court of Appeal. Retrieved 4 January 2020.