List of political parties in Ukraine

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For more detailed information about Ukraine's political party landscape, see Political parties in Ukraine.
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine

This is a list of political parties in Ukraine, both past and present.

Current parliamentary factions[edit]

It is possible for 15 or more deputies to form a parliamentary faction (a lawmaker can join only one faction; the chairman and his two assistants cannot head factions of deputies).[1][2][3][4][5]

Logo of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.png
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Petro Poroshenko Bloc People's Front Opposition Bloc Self Reliance Radical Party Fatherland Revival[a 1] People's Will[a 2][a 3] Non-affiliated[a 4]
End of previous convocation DNP[a 5] DNP[a 6] DNP[a 7] DNP 1 86 41 35 93 445 5
Seats won in 2014 election[6] 132 82 29 33 22 19 DNP DNP 96 423 27
November 27, 2014
(first session)[14][10]
145 83 40 32 19 20 38 418 32
December 2, 2014[15][10] 147 420 30
February 5, 2015[10] 150 82 31 21 18 42 422 28
June 24, 2015[10] 144 81 43 22 19 422 28
October 22, 2015[10] 142 26 20 48 422 28
February 13, 2016[10] 136 23 53 422 28
April 11, 2016[10] 141 47 422 28
April 12, 2016[10] 145[a 8] 19 44 422 28
July 19, 2016[10] 142 42 422 28
September 21, 2016[10] 143 21 46 422 28
December 23, 2016[10][17] 142 20 24 18 48 422 28
Latest voting share 33.6% 19.2% 10.2% 6.2% 5.0% 4.7% 5.7% 4.3% 11.4% 93.8% 6.2%
  1. ^ Revival was briefly called Economic Development in 2014. It was also a parliamentary group like People's Will until 2015.
  2. ^ People's Will is a parliamentary group. Parliamentary groups consist of non-partisan deputies or representatives of parties that did not overcome election threshold (i.e. Svoboda, Strong Ukraine, etc.).
  3. ^ The People's Will deputy group in previous convocation was known as Sovereign European Ukraine.
  4. ^ Parties that did not pass the 5% threshold of the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Svoboda (7 seats), Right Sector (1 seat), Strong Ukraine (1 seat), Volia (1 seat), and Zastup (1 seat) are part of non-affiliated.[6] After the 17 July 2016 constituency mid-term elections the parties UKROP and Our Land joined them.[7]
  5. ^ 30% of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc election list was filled by members of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform (UDAR), which did not participate in the 2014 election independently. UDAR participated in the 2012 election, consisting of a faction of 41 deputies in the previous convocation.[8][9][10]
  6. ^ People's Front is a September 2014 split off from Fatherland; many current members of the People's Front were members of the Fatherland faction of the previous convocation.[11][12]
  7. ^ The Opposition Bloc consists mainly of former members of former President Yanukovych's Party of Regions,[13] which formed the largest caucus after the 2012 election with 185 deputies, although after the removal of Yanukovych and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, the caucus consisted of only 78 members.
  8. ^ The addition of these four deputies made it possible for Petro Poroshenko Bloc and People's Front to form a government without additional parties.[16]

Former parliamentarian parties[edit]

Individual parties years in parliament Block association (years)
People's Movement of Ukraine 1990-2014 Our Ukraine Bloc (2002-2006)
Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (2007-2012)
Fatherland-Unites Opposition (2012-2014)
Communist Party of Ukraine 1994-2014
Party of Regions 1997-2014 For United Ukraine (2002)
People's Party 1998-2002
2007-2014
For United Ukraine (2002)
Lytvyn Bloc (2006-2014)
Union Party 1998-2002
2012-2014
People's Self-Defense (also as Forward, Ukraine!) 2002-2014 Our Ukraine Bloc (2002-2006)
Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (2007-2012)
Fatherland-Unites Opposition (2012-2014)
For Ukraine! 2012-2014 Fatherland-Unites Opposition (2012-2014)
Social Christian Party 2012-2014 Fatherland-Unites Opposition (2012-2014)
Civil Position 2012-2014 Fatherland-Unites Opposition (2012-2014)
Ukrainian Social Democratic Party 2002 - 2012 Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko (2002-2012)
Ukrainian Platform "Assembly" 2002 - 2006
2006 - 2012
Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko (2002-2006)
Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (Our Ukraine) (2006-2012)
Our Ukraine 2006 - 2012 Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (Our Ukraine) (2006-2012)
Solidarity (Ukraine) 2002 - 2006 Bloc of Viktor Yushchenko (2002-2006)
Ukrainian People's Party 2002 - 2006
2007 - 2012
Bloc of Viktor Yushchenko (2002-2006)
Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (2007-2012)
Republican Christian Party 2002 - 2006 Bloc of Viktor Yushchenko (2002-2006)
Youth Party of Ukraine 2002 - 2006 Bloc of Viktor Yushchenko (2002-2006)
Motherland Defenders Party 2007 - 2012 Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (2007-2012)
It's time! 2007 - 2012 Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc (2007-2012)
Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists 1994 - 2002
2002 - 2007
National Front (1998-2002)
Bloc of Viktor Yushchenko (Our Ukraine) (2002-2007)
Ukrainian Republican Party 1994 - 2002 National Front (1998-2002)
Labour Party Ukraine 2007 - 2012 Bloc of Volodymyr Lytvyn (2007-2012)
Socialist Party of Ukraine 1994 - 2007 Bloc of SPU-SelPU (1998-2002)
Peasant Party of Ukraine 1994 - 2002 Bloc of SPU-SelPU (1998-2002)
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs 2002 - 2006
2006 - 2007
For United Ukraine (2002-2006)
Our Ukraine bloc (2006-2007)
People's Democratic Party 1998 - 2006 For United Ukraine (2002-2006)
Labour Ukraine 2002 - 2006 For United Ukraine (2002-2006)
Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) 1994 - 2006
Democratic Party of Ukraine 1994 - 2006 Bloc of DemPU-DemU (2002-2006)
Democratic Union 2002 - 2006 Bloc of DemPU-DemU (2002-2006)
Party of National Economic Development of Ukraine 2002 - 2006
Ukrainian Marine Party 2002 - 2006
Unity 2002 - 2006 Unity (2002-2006)
Social Democratic Union 2002 - 2006 Unity (2002-2006)
Young Ukraine 2002 - 2006 Unity (2002-2006)
Ukrainian Party of Justice - Union of Veterans, Handicapped, Chornobilians, Afghans 2002 - 2006 Unity (2002-2006)
Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine 1998 - 2002
Party of Greens of Ukraine 1998 - 2002
Hromada 1998 - 2002
Party "Union" 1998 - 2002
Ukrainian National Assembly 1994 - 1998
Party of Labor 1994 - 1998
Ukrainian Conservative Republican Party 1994 - 1998
Christian Democratic Party of Ukraine 1994 - 1998
Party of Democratic Revival of Ukraine 1994 - 1998
Social Democratic Party of Ukraine 1994 - 1998
Party of Economic Revival of Crimea 1994 - 1998
Communist Party of Ukraine (Soviet Union) 1937 - 1994

A faction of nonpartisan deputies under the name Reforms for the Future existed between 16 February 2011[18] and 15 December 2012.[19][20][21][10] A faction of nonpartisan deputies under the name For Peace and Stability existed between 2 July 2014 and 27 November 2014.[22][14]

In 1998 - 2000 there was another parliamentary faction Labour Ukraine that existed without its political party until it was registered by the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice in June 2000.[23]

The Communist Party of Ukraine (Soviet Union) was prohibited in 1991, however its members were not excluded from the Ukrainian parliament. They formed a parliamentary faction of the Socialist Party of Ukraine. For the 1994 parliamentary elections however the ban on communist parties was lifted and there were two parties with similar ideologies running for parliament the Socialist Party of Ukraine and the Communist Party of Ukraine that was reestablished in 1993.


Political alliances and blocs (1998–2012)[edit]

The idea of electoral blocs as a loose association of parties was introduced in 1998, however it did not become popular right away. The real success of electoral blocks came in 2002 when the Bloc of Victor Yushchenko "Our Ukraine" gained the most parliamentary seats. The electoral blocs system was liquidated in 2011[24] forcing registration of individual parties for the next 2012 parliamentary elections. The longest existing political blocs were Our Ukraine and Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko.

The association of parties however was transformed into a new concept of an "umbrella party" when several parties temporarily unite under such party that becomes a core party of informal electoral bloc.[9][25][26] Below is the list of official electoral blocs in 1998 - 2012 that led to creation of their own parliamentary factions.

Minor blocs[edit]

The following blocs did not form their parliamentary factions due to small number of their representatives.

Other parties[edit]

List of parties that did not make to the parliament of Ukraine or parties that are spin offs of former parliamentary factions.

Banned parties[edit]

Major Regional Parties and electoral blocs[edit]

Kiev Oblast/City[edit]

Crimea[edit]

Defunct parties (and electoral blocs)[edit]

This list of other alliances (on November 17, 2011 the Ukrainian Parliament approved an election law that banned the participation of blocs of political parties in parliamentary elections[24]) and defunct parties is based on the parties and alliance that did take part in parliamentary elections before the 2007 Ukrainian national election but have not taken part in any national election since then, some party's did change to different political alliances since then.

Blocs[edit]

1998[edit]

  • Toiling Ukraine (later as Unity and Yevhen Marchuk - Unity) (1998–2007)
    • Ukrainian Party of Justice (1998–2006)
    • Unity (2002–2007)
    • Slavonic Party (as Civil Congress of Ukraine)
    • Social Democratic Union (2002)
    • Young Ukraine (2002)
    • Force and Honor (as Party of Liberty) (2006)
    • Women Solidarity of Ukraine (2006)
  • National Front, bloc split into Viktor Yushchenko Bloc and Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
  • For truth, for people, for Ukraine!
  • Party of Labor and Liberal Party - TOGETHER!, bloc split into Viktor Yushchenko Bloc and For United Ukraine
  • Forward, Ukraine, both parties merged into Christian Democratic Union
  • Bloc of Democratic parties (later as DemPU-DS) (1998–2006)
  • Social Liberal Association
  • Less Words
  • European Choice of Ukraine (later as Team of Winter Generation, People's Bloc of Lytvyn and Volodymyr Lytvyn Bloc) (1998–2012)
    • Ukrainian Peasant Democratic Party (1998–2007)
    • People's Party (2006–2012)
    • Liberal Democratic Party of Ukraine (1998–2006)
    • Constitutional Democratic Party (2002)
    • Party of Private Property (2002)
    • Justice (2006)
    • Strong Ukraine (as Labor Party of Ukraine) (2007)

2002[edit]

  • Viktor Yushchenko Bloc "Our Ukraine" (later as Our Ukraine and Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense) (2002–2012)
    • People's Movement of Ukraine (2002–2012)
    • Christian Democratic Union (2002–2012)
    • Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists (National Front) (2002–2007)
    • Our Ukraine (2006–2012)
    • Ukrainian Platform "Assembly" (as Ukrainian Republican Party "Assembly") (2006–2012)
    • People's Self-Defense (originally as Forward, Ukraine!) (2002–06 and 2007–12)
    • Ukrainian People's Party (originally as Ukrainian People's Movement) (2002–06 and 2007–12)
    • Liberal Party of Ukraine (Party of Labor and Liberal Party - TOGETHER)
    • Youth Party of Ukraine
    • Party of Reforms and Order
    • Solidarity
    • Republican Christian Party
    • Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Ukraine (2006)
    • Time (2007)
    • Party of Homeland Defenders (2007)
    • European Party of Ukraine (2007)
  • For United Ukraine (later as Lyudmyla Suprun Bloc and Ukrainian Regional Asset) (2002–2012)
    • People's Democratic Party (2002–2012)
    • Democratic Party of Ukraine (2006–2012)
    • People's Party (as People Agrarian Party of Ukraine) (later took over Team of Winter Generation)
    • Party of Regions (as Party of Regional Revival of Ukraine)
    • Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Ukraine
    • Toiling Ukraine
    • Christian Democratic Party of Ukraine (2006)
    • Christian Liberal Party of Ukraine (2006)
    • Republican Christian Party (2007)
  • Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc (2002–2012)
    • Fatherland (2002–2012)
    • Ukrainian Social Democratic Party (2002–2012)
    • Ukrainian Platform "Assembly" (as Ukrainian People's Party "Assembly)
    • Ukrainian Republican Party (National Front) (merged with Assembly, later reestablished)
    • Party of Reforms and Order (2007)
  • Natliya Vitrenko Bloc (later as People's Opposition) (2002–2007)
    • Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine (2002–2007)
    • Party of Educators of Ukraine
    • Ruthenian Ukrainian Union (2006)
  • Ruthenian bloc (later as For Union and KUCMA) (2002–2017)
    • Union (2002–2012)
    • Ruthenian bloc (as For United Ruthenia) (2002-06 and 2012-17)
    • Ruthenian Ukrainian Union
    • Socialist Ukraine (2006)
    • Homeland (2006)
    • Slavonic Party (2006)
  • ZUBR
    • Union of Labor
    • Light from the East
  • People's Movement of Ukraine
    • People's Movement of Ukraine for Unity
    • All-Ukrainian Association "Center"
  • Against all (later as Patriots of Ukraine) (2002–2007)
    • Patriotic Party of Ukraine (2002–2007)
    • Political Party of Small and Middle Business
    • Ukrainian National Conservative Party (2006)
  • Ukrainian Party - New World
    • Ukrainian Party
    • New World

2006[edit]

  • Ukrainian People's Bloc (2006–2012)
    • Ukraine Assembled (2006–2012)
    • Party of Rural Revival
    • Ukrainian People's Party
    • All-Ukrainian Chornobyl People's Party (2007)
  • Civil Bloc Time - Party of Reforms and Order (split between Our Ukraine and BYuT)
    • Time
    • Party of Reforms and Order (PRP)
  • Opposition Bloc "Ne tak!"
    • Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united)
    • Women for the Future
    • Republican Party of Ukraine
    • All-Ukrainian Association "Center"
  • Yuriy Karmazin Bloc
    • Party of Homeland Defenders
    • National Democratic Association "Ukraine"
    • All-Ukrainian Party of Peace and Unity
  • Lazarenko Bloc
    • All-Ukrainian Association Hromada
    • Social Democratic Party of Ukraine
    • Social Democratic Union
  • State - Toiling Union
    • All-Ukrainian Party of Workers
    • State
  • Power of People (later as Bloc of Pensioners' Parties of Ukraine) (2006–2012)
  • Bloc of Borys Oliynyk and Mykhailo Syrota
    • Informative Ukraine
    • Party of Health
    • Strong Ukraine (as Labor Party of Ukraine)
  • Bloc of Independents "Sun"
    • United Family
    • Women of Ukraine

2007[edit]

Parliamentary coalitions[edit]

First convocation[edit]

  • People's Council
  • Group of 239

Second convocation[edit]

  • Situational majority

Third convocation[edit]

  • Pro-presidential coalition
  • Left coalition

Fourth convocation[edit]

  • For United Ukraine
  • Left coalition
  • Democratic coalition

Fifth convocation[edit]

  • Coalition of democratic forces
  • Anti-crisis coalition

Sixth convocation[edit]

  • National development, stability and order
  • Stability and reforms

Ukrainian parties before 1991[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rada Approves Cancellation Of Rule That Bans Deputies From Switching Factions, FINANCIAL (October 8, 2010)
  2. ^ Update: Return to 1996 Constitution strengthens president, raises legal questions, Kyiv Post (October 1, 2010)
  3. ^ Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe: The functioning of democratic institutions in Ukraine, Kyiv Post (October 5, 2010)
  4. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada decree No. 2222-IV: About the amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine. Adopted on December 8, 2004. (Ukrainian)
  5. ^ Rada amends regulations of its activities, Kyiv Post (October 8, 2010)
  6. ^ a b Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament, Ukrinform (8 November 2014)
    People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
    Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
  7. ^ (Ukrainian)Data on vote counting at percincts within single-mandate districts Extraordinary parliamentary election on 17.06.2016, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  8. ^ (Ukrainian) Block Poroshenko and kick off to the polls together, TVi (2 September 2014)
  9. ^ a b After the parliamentary elections in Ukraine: a tough victory for the Party of Regions, Centre for Eastern Studies (7 November 2012)
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m (Ukrainian) Депутатські фракції і групи VIII скликання Deputy fractions and Groups VIII convocation, Verkhovna Rada
  11. ^ (Ukrainian)Yatsenyuk became a leader of the "People's Front" political council, while Turchynov is a head of its headquarters. Ukrayinska Pravda. 10 September 2014
    Ukrainian PM, Parliament Speaker to Head Newly Formed Popular Front Party, RIA Novosti (10 September 2014)
  12. ^ Ukraine's united opposition discussing formation of single party, Kyiv Post (7 December 2012)(subscription required)
    Five factions, including Communist Party, registered in parliament, Kyiv Post (12 December 2012)(subscription required)
    Sobolev: Front for Change and Reform and Order Party to join Batkivschyna, Interfax-Ukraine (11 June 2013)
    Front for Change, Reforms and Order to dissolve for merger with Batkivshchyna - Sobolev, Ukrinform (11 June 2013)
    (Ukrainian) Sobolev heads "Batkivshchyna" in the Rada, Televiziyna Sluzhba Novyn (20 March 2014)
    "Turchynov is summoned for interrogation to SBU today – BYUT". UNIAN. 20 September 2010. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
    "Batkivschyna to nominate Tymoshenko for presidency, Yatseniuk heads party's political council". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 14 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
    "BYT-Batkivschyna replaces its leader". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 7 December 2011. Archived from the original on 7 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  13. ^ Grytsenko, Oksana (September 21, 2014). "Allies of Yanukovych trying for parliament". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  14. ^ a b (Ukrainian) In Parliament created a faction, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 November 2014)
  15. ^ (Ukrainian) Two more deputies entered the Poroshenko Bloc faction, Ukrayinska Pravda (2 December 2014)
  16. ^ Ukraine: Lawmakers end session without new PM vote, BBC News (12 April 2016)
  17. ^ (Ukrainian) Savchenko was expelled from the faction "Fatherland", Ukrayinska Pravda (20 December 2016)
    (Ukrainian) Deputy faction Mishchenko out PPB, Ukrayinska Pravda (23 December 2016)
  18. ^ Individual deputies create Reforms for the Sake of Future group in parliament, Kyiv Post (February 16, 2011)
  19. ^ Parliament of sixth convocation ends its work, Kyiv Post (6 December 2012)
  20. ^ You Scratch My Back, and I’ll Scratch Yours, The Ukrainian Week (26 September 2012)
    Voting for the Verkhovna Rada regulations amendment
    Stenogram of November 6, 2012 session
    Політичний цирк: кнопкодави попалися на своїх звичках (Political circus: the "button-pushers" got caught on its habits). Ukrayinska Pravda.
  21. ^ Yefremov: Regions Party faction already has 223 members, Kyiv Post (28 November 2012 2012)
    A difficult victory for the Party of Regions, Centre for Eastern Studies (31 October 2012)
  22. ^ (Ukrainian) [1], Ukrayinska Pravda (2 July 2014)
  23. ^ (Ukrainian) Політична партія „Трудова Україна“, Database DATA
    Explaining State Capture and State Capture Modes by Oleksiy Omelyanchuk, Central European University, 2001 (page 22)
    Trudova Ukraina elects a new chairman, Policy Documentation Center (November 27, 2000)
    Explaining State Capture: Russia and Ukraine, Central European University (2001)
  24. ^ a b Parliament passes law on parliamentary elections, Kyiv Post (November 17, 2011)
  25. ^ They Call Themselves the Opposition, The Ukrainian Week (31 August 2012)
  26. ^ Voters head to polls in Ukraine, China Central Television (28 October 2012)
  27. ^ Justice Ministry registers 179th party in Ukraine – For Fairness and Prosperity, Kyiv Post (May 14, 2010)
  28. ^ Justice Ministry registers Your Ukraine Party, Kyiv Post (May 5, 2010)
  29. ^ (Ukrainian) Кириленко об'єднався з Яценюком, Ukrayinska Pravda (December 22, 2011)
  30. ^ a b c d e (Ukrainian) Соцпартії не сподобалася назва "Об'єднані ліві і селяни", Gazeta.ua (December 16, 2011)
  31. ^ Faction of Chernovetksyi’s Bloc stopped its existence, UNIAN (September 23, 2011)
    Chernovetsky Bloc in Kyiv City Council disbanded, Kyiv Post (September 22, 2011)
  32. ^ a b "Ukrainian News". Ukranews.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  33. ^ Kiev fails to end Crimea's ethnic tension, Oxford Analytica (February 7, 2007)
    (Ukrainian) У Януковича в Криму проблеми, Gazeta.ua (March 26, 2009)
    (Ukrainian) Соратник Януковича розповів, за що його вигнали з партії, Ukrayinska Pravda (September 15, 2009)
    Local government elections in Ukraine: last stage in the Party of Regions’ takeover of power, Centre for Eastern Studies (October 4, 2010)

External links[edit]