List of political parties in the Czech Republic

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This is a list of political parties in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic has a multi-party system. Due to the electoral system operated, a limited number of parties are successful in parliamentary elections.

Parliamentary parties[edit]

There are currently seven parties in the Chamber of Deputies – the Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), ANO 2011, the Communist Party (KSČM), TOP 09, the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL) and Dawn of Direct Democracy (Dawn). All except the Dawn have also seats in the Senate, as do the Green Party (SZ), Mayors and Independents (STAN), Severočeš (, the Party of Civic Rights (SPO), the Pirate Party (Pirates), Party of Freeholders of the Czech Republic (SsČR) and political movement Ostravak. Other parliamentary party is the Party of Free Citizens which have one MP in the European Parliament.

Three parties – ČSSD, ODS, and KSČM – have managed to elect members to every Parliament since the Czech Republic's independence.

Party Representation European affiliation Comments
Chamber Senate Regions Europe
Czech Social Democratic Party
Česká strana sociálně demokratická
ČSSD 50 35 280 4 PES Major left-wing (social democratic) party. Chairman is Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka.
ANO 2011
ANO 2011 47 4 0 4 ALDE Liberal and populist political party led by businessman Andrej Babiš.
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party
Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová
KDU-ČSL 14 10 56 3 EPP Medium-sized Christian democratic party. Traditionally strong in South Moravia. KDU-ČSL left chamber of deputies in 2010, after 91 years of continuous presence. In legislative election of 2013 it returned and formed governing coalition.
Civic Democratic Party
Občanská demokratická strana
ODS 15 14 180 2 AECR Liberal conservative, soft eurosceptic party created by the former Czech President Václav Klaus. Its chairman is Petr Fiala.
TOP 09
TOP 09
TOP 09 26 1 12 4 EPP Liberal conservative, pro-European and fiscally conservative political party. Primary agenda of TOP 09 is cutting budget deficit. Leader of TOP 09 is Karel Schwarzenberg.
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy
KSČM 33 1 114 3 EL (observer) Far-left party, heir of the former ruling Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. It's usually considered as an anti-system party. It has so far not been part of any government coalition since the advent of democracy in the Czech Republic.
Party of Free Citizens
Strana svobodných občanů
Svobodní 0 0 0 1 EFDD Right-wing, libertarian and eurosceptic political party led by Petr Mach.
Dawn - National Coalition
Úsvit - Národn koalice
Dawn 14 0 0 0 - Populist political party focused on issue of direct democracy and racial relations.
Severočeš 0 2 0 0 - Cross-spectrum regional party from northern Bohemia.
Party of Civic Rights
Strana Práv Občanů
SPO 0 2 0 0 - Minor left-wing (social democratic) party connected with Czech President Miloš Zeman.
Green Party
Strana zelených
SZ 0 4 0 0 EGP Minor centre, environmental and social liberal political party.

Non-parliamentary parties[edit]

Defunct parties[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]