List of political parties in the Philippines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Party-list representatives.
Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines
Evolution of political parties.

There are many and diverse political parties in the Philippines. Most party membership consists primarily of political figures and leaders, with little or no grassroots membership.[citation needed]

The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments for political expediency and convenience. Since no political parties have sustaining membership to which party leaders are developed, most of the political parties have the rise-and-fall-and-rise character.

There are three types of parties in the Philippines. These are: (a) major parties, which typically correspond to traditional political parties; (b) minor parties or party-list organizations, which rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats; and (c) regional or provincial parties, which correspond to region-wide or province-wide organizations, respectively.

National parties in office[edit]

Major parties[edit]

The Commission on Elections identified three types of national parties for the 2016 general election:

  1. Dominant majority party (Liberal Party)
  2. Dominant minority party (United Nationalist Alliance)
  3. Seven major parties

The nine parties are listed below:[1][2]

Philippine name English name Abbr. and colour Leader Founded Ideology International Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house Notes
Aksyon Demokratiko Democratic Action Aksyon Robbie Pierre Roco 1997 Social liberalism none
1 / 297
0 / 24
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan New Society Movement KBL Jose Vicente R.M. Opinion 1978 National conservatism none
0 / 297
0 / 24
Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino Struggle of Democratic Filipinos LDP Edgardo Angara 1998 Liberal conservatism Centrist Democrat International
2 / 297
1 / 24
Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986)
Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats People Power-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas Gloria Macapagal Arroyo 1991 (original), 2008 (current) Christian right Centrist Democrat International
5 / 297
0 / 24
Formerly known as Lakas Kampi CMD; merged from original Lakas–CMD and KAMPI
Liberal Party LP Leni Robredo 1946 Liberalism Liberal International, Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
50 / 297
6 / 24
Originally part of the Nacionalista Party; member of the Aquino-Laurel UNIDO (1986)
Nacionalista Party Nationalist Party NP Manny Villar 1903 Filipino nationalism none
22 / 297
3 / 24
Oldest political party in the Philippines
Nationalist People's Coalition NPC Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr. 1991 Social conservatism none
38 / 297
3 / 24
Offshoot of the Nacionalista Party; formerly known as Partido Pilipino
National Unity Party NUP Roberto Puno 2011 Christian democracy none
19 / 297
0 / 24
Offshoot of the Lakas Kampi CMD
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan Philippine Democratic Party-People's Power PDP-Laban Rodrigo Duterte 1982 Left-wing populism none
82 / 297
1 / 24
Former member of Corazon Aquino's UNIDO (1986)
United Nationalist Alliance UNA Jejomar Binay 2012 (coalition), 2015 (party) Compassionate conservatism none
8 / 297
3 / 24
Formerly an electoral alliance of the PMP and the PDP–Laban

Parties represented in Congress[edit]

Philippine name English name Abbr. and colour Leader Founded Ideology International Seats in the lower house Seats in the upper house Notes
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party Akbayan Risa Hontiveros 1998 Social democracy Progressive Alliance
1 / 297
1 / 24
Allied with the Liberal Party
Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines CDP Rufus Rodriguez 2012 Centrism none
1 / 297
0 / 24
Offshoot of Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats
Makabayang Koalisyon ng Mamamayan Patriotic Coalition of the People Makabayan Satur Ocampo 2009 Filipino communism International Newsletter
7 / 297
0 / 24
Offshoot of the Communist Party of the Philippines
People's Reform Party PRP Miriam Defensor Santiago 1991 Reformism none
0 / 297
0 / 24
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino Force of the Filipino Masses PMP Joseph Estrada 1991 Welfare state none
0 / 297
1 / 24

Party-lists represented in Congress[edit]

These parties won more than 2% of the vote. For the complete list, see Philippine House of Representatives election, 2016 (party-list).

Philippine name English translation Abbr. and colour Ideology/sector Seats in the lower house (PL only) Notes
1-PACMAN 1-PACMAN Filipino nationalism
2 / 59
Abono Fertilizer Abono Farmer's rights
2 / 59
ACT Teachers ACT Teachers Education reform
2 / 59
Member of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan
Agri-Agra na Reporma para sa Magsasaka ng Pilipinas Movement Agricultural and Agrarian Reform for Farmers in the Philippines Movement AGRI Land reform
2 / 59
Ako Bicol Political Party I am Bicol Political Party AKB Bicolano ethnic interests
3 / 59
Anak Mindanao Child of Mindanao Anak Mindanao Mindanao nationalism
2 / 59
Buhay Hayaan Yumabong Let Life Prosper Buhay Pro-life
3 / 59
Cooperative NATCCO Network Party Coop-NATCCO Cooperative sector
2 / 59
GABRIELA Women's Party GABRIELA Marxist feminism
2 / 59
Member of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan
Kabayan Compatriot Kabayan Filipino nationalism
2 / 59
Puwersa ng Bayaning Atleta Force of Hero Athletes PBA Athlete interests
2 / 59
Senior Citizens Senior Citizens Senior citizen rights
2 / 59

Other national parties[edit]

These are the other national parties that contested the 2013 elections. COMELEC classifies "national" parties as parties that are not restricted to one locality (province/district/city/municipality).


Philippine name English name Abbr. and colour Leader Ideology Notes
Ang Kapatiran The Brotherhood or Alliance for the Common Good KPTRAN Reynaldo Pacheco Christian democracy
Democratic Party of the Philippines DPP Baldomero Falcone Popular democracy
Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines New Nation-Volunteers for a New Philippines Bagumbayan or B-VNP Richard Gordon Voluntarism Party with members that ran under the UNA banner
Bangon Pilipinas Party Rise Up Philippines Party BP Perfecto Yasay Christian democracy
Social Justice Society SJS Samson Alcantara Conservatism
Ladlad Coming out or LGBT Party Ladlad Danton Remoto LGBT rights
Partido Lakas ng Masa Party of the Laboring Masses PLM Sonny Melencio Socialism
Partido ng Manggagawa at Magsasaka Workers' and Farmers' Party PMM Hermogenes Ebdane Labor movement
Sanlakas Sanlakas Fr. Max Abalos, SVD Progressivism

Other parties[edit]

Philippine name English name Abbr. and colour Leader Ideology Notes
Probinsya Muna Development Initiative Provinces First Development Initiative PROMDI Archilles Canete Grassroots democracy
Alliance for Barangay Concerns ABC James Marty Lim
Asenso Pilipino Party APP Manny Villar
Katipunan ng Demokratikong Pilipino Society of Democratic Filipinos KDP Antonio A.S. Valdez
Kilusan para sa Pambansang Pagpapanibago Movement for National Renewal Bago Eduardo Bondoc
Laban para sa Kapayapaan, Katarungan at Kaunlaran Struggle for Peace, Progress and Justice KKK Rafaelito Garayblas
National Alliance for Democracy NAD Joel Pontillas
Organized Support for the Movement to Enhance the National Agenda OSMEÑA John Henry Osmeña
Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas Philippine Democratic Socialist Party PDSP Norberto Gonzales Democratic Socialism
Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas Nationalist Party of the Philippines PNP Susan Ople
Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma Party for Democratic Reform PDR Renato de Villa
Philippine Green Republican Party PGRP Felix Cantal Green
Rizalist Party Rizalist Gregorio Maunahan
United Bangsamoro Justice Party UBJP Murad Ibrahim Moro self-determinism Part of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front

Local parties[edit]

Name Abbr. Location Leader Notes
Buklod Capampangan Pampanga and Angeles Estelito Mendoza
Bileg Ti La Union La Union Joaquin Ortega
Christian Muslim Independent Party Zamboanga del Norte Tiburcio Pasquil
Move Makati Makati Romulo de Guzman
Lapiang Bagong Lakas ng Nueva Ecija BALANE Nueva Ecija Tomas Joson affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition
Partido Magdalo Cavite Victor Remulla affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Malay Democrats of the Philippines MDP Quezon City Bayan Dela Cruz
Bicol Saro Bicol Region Ma. Corazon Imperial
Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran KABAKA Manila's 5th and 6th congressional districts Carlito Guang supports Lito Atienza
Panaghuisa Cebu and Cebu City John Osmeña
Paglaum Party Negros Occidental Alfredo Montelibano, Jr. Nacionalista Party
Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization SARRO Sarangani Estelito Mendoza affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Kusog Han Eastern Samar Eastern Samar Jaime Opinion
Philippine Christian Nationalist Party Quezon City Andres Genito
Retailers Party Manila's 3rd congressional district Estelito Mendoza
Islamic Party of the Philippines Mindanao Ebrahim Abdurrahman
Forward with Vitality for Reforms-Sigaw ng Kabite FVR Cavite Franco Loyola
Liping Kalookan Caloocan Macario Asistio formerly Grand Kalookan Coalition
People's Progressive Alliance for Peace and Good Government Towards Alleviation of Poverty and Social Advancement Partido PAGASA Western Visayas Rene Juaneza
Lingap Lugud Capampangan Party Pampanga Lito Lapid affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Bileg Ti Agkaykaysa nga Ilokano Party BIAG Ilocos Region, Cagayan Valley, Cordillera Administrative Region Joey Alangwawi
Pinag-isang Lakas Tungo sa Pagbabako PINATUBO Zambales and Olongapo Philip Camara
Democratic Alliance of Mindanaoans for Good Government DAMAGO Davao Region and SOCCSKSARGEN Fernando Toquillo
Pusyon Pilipino Central Visayas Casimiro Madarang, Jr.
Abante Anak Bisaya Central Visayas Geraldo Carillo
Muslim Reform Party MRP Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Kamar Mindalano
Katipunan ng Bagong Caloocan KABACA Caloocan Gwendolyn Emnace
Ummah Party Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur and Iligan Geraldo Carillo
Bileg Ti Ilocano BILEG Ilocos Sur Luis Singson
United Negros Alliance UNA Negros Occidental Alfredo Marañon, Jr. formerly affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition, now with Liberal Party
Quezon Nationalist Democratic Party Quezon and Lucena Bienvenido Marquez, Jr.
Sama Sama Tarlac Tarlac Candido Guiam
Kasangga ng Bayan, Tao, Kalikasan at Kaunlaran KABATAK Parañaque Joey Marquez
Democratic Alliance DA Central Luzon Romeo Taruc
Barog Alang sa Kausawagan ug Demokrasya BAKUD Cebu's 5th congressional district Ramon Durano III
Alayon Alang sa Kalambu-an ng Kalinaw ALAYON Central Visayas John Osmeňa
Compostela Valley Rainbow Alliance CORAL Compostela Valley Rogelio Sarmiento
Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig KDT Taguig Dante Tinga affiliated with Liberal Party
Katig-buan Nortehanon Northern Samar Emil Ong
Cotabato United People's Movement Cotabato Emmanuel Piñol
Partido Pundok Biliranon Biliran Danilo Parilla
Pangkat Laguna Laguna Marito Mendoza
Partido Tapat Taguig and Pateros Edmundo de Borja also known as Taguig-Pateros Action Team
Catanduanes Alliance for Reform and Democracy CARD Catanduanes Dexter Francisco
People's Alliance Development of Romblon PADER Romblon Natalio Beltran, Jr.
Aton Tamdon Utod Negros-anon ATUN Negros Occidental Rafael Coscolluela
Kusi Uswag Sugbu KUSUG Cebu City Alvin Garcia
People's Consultative (Mushawara) Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur Basher Caluato Edris
Caloocan Team for Action and Progress CATAPAT Caloocan Bonifacio Alis
Partido Batangueño Batangas Franklin Tabaquin, Jr.
Ugyon Visayas Franklin Drilon affiliated with Liberal Party
Partido del Pilar Bulacan Manuel G. Roxas affiliated with Liberal Party
Nagkakaisang Partido ng mga Kapampangan Pampanga Zenaide Ducut
Partido Navoteño NAVOTENO Navotas Toby Tiangco Affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and United Nationalist Alliance
Partido Dimasalang Laguna Teresita Lazaro affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Timawa Iloilo City Rona Anape-Ganzon affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Lanao People's Party Lanao del Sur Casan Macabanding
Reform Caloocan Party Caloocan Russel Ramirez
United Guardians Party UGP Western Visayas and Central Visayas Clodualdo P. Dedicatoria
Siap Party Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Aleem Abdul Matabalo Amerol
Economic Development and Social Advancement EDSA Central Visayas Melchor Cubillo
Biskeg na Pangasinan Party BISKEG Pangasinan Oscar Lambino affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Padajon Surigao PS Surigao del Norte Francisco Matugas affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
United Citizens of Caloocan Party UCCP Caloocan Nilo Divina
Alliance of Bicolnon Party ABP-BICOLNON Bicol Region Enrique Olonan
People's Champ Movement PCM General Santos and Sarangani Manny Pacquiao affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Ako Bicol Political Party AKB Bicol Region Elizalde Co
Unang Sigaw-Partido ng Pagbabago USPP Nueva Ecija Aurelio Umali affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Partido Magdiwang San Juan Joseph Victor Ejercito affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Democracy of the Independent Liberal Conservative Party DILC Liloan, Cebu Vincent Frasco
Partido Pagbabago ng Palawan PPP Palawan Jose Alvarez affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Kalapian ng mga Kaibigan ng Kaunlaran-Bayan ng Hagonoy LAPIANG K Hagonoy, Bulacan Angel Cruz, Jr.
Sulong Palawan Party SPP Palawan and Puerto Princesa Vincent Dennis Socrates
Ugyon Kita Capiz UK CAPIZ Capiz Frenedil Castro affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Democratic Tabula Tua Cagayan Delfin Telan Ting affiliated with Lakas Kampi CMD
Citizens Call for Action Party of Zamboanga City CCA Zamboanga City Susan de los Reyes
Mindoro Sandugo Para sa Kaunlaran SANDUGO Oriental Mindoro Agustin Cusi
One Cebu 1-CEBU Cebu Gwendolyn Garcia affiliated with National Unity Party
Adelante Zamboanga Party AZAP Zamboanga City Jose Lobregat
Aksyon Magsasaka-Partido ng Tinig ng Masa AKMA-PTM SOCCSKSARGEN Ali Sangki
Lingkod Bayan-Sulong Taguig Coalition LINGKOD TAGUIG Taguig Angelito Reyes
Partido Bagong San Pablo San Pablo, Laguna Arsenio Escuderro, Jr.
Kapanalig at Kambilan Ning Memalen Pampanga KAMBILAN Pampanga Rosve Henson
Partido Malolenyo PM Malolos, Bulacan Carolina Mangawang
Asenso Manileño Movement AMM Manila Danilo Lacuna affiliated with Nacionalista Party and Liberal Party, coalition partner with Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan
Achievers with Integrity Movement AIM South Cotabato Adelbert Antonino
Partido Balikatan ng Bataan BALIKATAN Bataan Enrique Garcia, Jr.
Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan KKK Manila Alfredo Lim affiliated with Liberal Party, coalition partner with Asenso Manileño Movement
Sulong Zambales Party SZP Zambales Hermogenes Ebdane (Chairman)
Jun Omar Ebdane (President)
Bando Osmeña - Pundok Kauswagan BOPK Cebu Tomas Osmeña affiliated with Liberal Party
Padayon Pilipino PDP Cagayan de Oro Vicene Emano affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Partido ABE Kapampangan PAK, ABE Angeles City, Pampanga Edgardo Pamintuan (chairman)
Alex Cauguiran (president)
Founded March 28, 2012.

[3]

Partido ng Masang Batangueno PMB Batangas Nicanor Briones

Not registered with the government[edit]

These are the national parties are not registered at the Commission on Elections:

Name Abbr. Leader Ideology Position Notes
Philippine Libertarian Party PHILIPA Julius Apud (interim chairman, Technical Working Group) Libertarianism Libertarian Emergent political party representing the local liberty movement; formerly an unregistered party list representing traders, innovators, and technologists for industrial modernization
Koalisyong Katoliko Kristiyano KKK Rizalito David Christian democracy Centre-right Emergent political party that is the offshoot of the Ang Kapatiran
Communist Party of the Philippines CPP Jose Maria Sison Maoism Far-left Offshoot of the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930
Lakas Partido Komunista LPK Ban James Lumacad/John Wendell Lagazo/Jefferson Magbutay Socialist Far-left Separate Youth Entity
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 (Philippine Communist Party) PKP-1930 Antonio Paris Communism Far-left Established as Comintern Philippine branch
Marxist-Leninist Party of the Philippines (Marxista-Leninistang Partido ng Pilipinas) MLPP Caridad Magpantay Communism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 1997
Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino - Pinagsanib (Filipino Workers Party) PMP-Pinagsanib Patricio Ramirez Communism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 2001
Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagagawa - Pilipinas (Revolutionary Workers' Party of the Philippines) RPM-P Arturo Tabara/Nilo dela Cruz Communism Far-left Breakaway faction from the Communist Party of the Philippines established in 1998

Historical parties/coalitions[edit]

Parties[edit]

Major coalitions[edit]

Election year Administration Opposition
Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) was the incumbent.
1986 Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO)
Marcos was declared winner but was overthrown at the People Power Revolution days later. His supporters were forced into opposition.
1987 United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD)
In 1992, UNIDO broke up and the Marcos loyalists coalesced with the other parties. Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas-NUCD) won the presidential election and his supporters became the administration coalition
1995 Lakas-Laban Coalition Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC)
1998 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP)
In 2001, Joseph Estrada was overthrown at the 2001 EDSA Revolution; his supporters were forced into opposition.
2001 People Power Coalition (PPC) Puwersa ng Masa (PnM)
2004 Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4) Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)
2007 TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition (GO)
In 2010, the anti-Arroyo forces were split into different parties: Aquino defeated Estrada and eight others to lead the government under the Liberal Party.
2010 Lakas Kampi CMD Liberal Party (LP)
Nacionalista Party (NP)
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP)
In 2013, the main opposition party Lakas-CMD (formerly as Lakas-Kampi CMD), was weakened following the arrest of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo,
thus the Estrada-Binay group established the United Nationalist Alliance as the main opposition party.
2013 Team PNoy United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
2016 Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid (KDM) United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
Partido ng Galing at Puso (PGP)
Coalition for Change

See also[edit]

References[edit]