List of political parties in the United Kingdom

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The Electoral Commission's Register of Political Parties[1] lists the details of political parties registered to fight elections in the United Kingdom, including their registered name. Under current electoral law, including the Registration of Political Parties Act 1998, the Electoral Administration Act 2006, and the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000, only registered party names can be used on ballot papers by those wishing to fight elections. Candidates who do not belong to a registered party can use "independent" or no label at all. As of 2 August 2019, the Electoral Commission showed the number of registered political parties in Great Britain and Northern Ireland as 408.[2]

Before the middle of the 19th century, politics in the United Kingdom was dominated by the Whigs and the Tories. These were not political parties in the modern sense but somewhat loose alliances of interests and individuals. The Whigs included many of the leading aristocratic dynasties committed to the Protestant succession, and later drew support from elements of the emerging industrial interests and wealthy merchants, while the Tories were associated with the landed gentry, the Church of England and the Church of Scotland.

By the mid 19th century, the Tories had evolved into the Conservative Party, and the Whigs had evolved into the Liberal Party. The concept of right and left came originally from France, where the supporters of a monarchy (constitutional or absolute) sat on the right wing of the National Assembly, and republicans on the left. In the late 19th century, the Liberal Party began to lean towards the left. Liberal Unionists split off from the Liberals over Irish Home Rule and moved closer to the Conservatives over time.

The Liberals and Conservatives dominated the political scene until the 1920s, when the Liberal Party declined in popularity and suffered a long stream of resignations. It was replaced as the main anti-Tory opposition party by the newly emerging Labour Party, which represented an alliance between the labour movement, organised trades unions and various socialist societies.

Since then, the Conservative and Labour parties have dominated British politics, and have alternated in government ever since. However, the UK is not quite a two-party system as other parties have significant support. The Liberal Democrats were the third largest party until the 2015 general election when they were overtaken by the Scottish National Party in terms of seats and UK political party membership, and by the UK Independence Party (UKIP) in terms of votes.

The UK's first-past-the-post electoral system leaves small parties disadvantaged on a UK-wide scale. It can, however, allow parties with concentrations of supporters in the constituent countries to flourish. In the 2015 election, there was widespread controversy[3][4][5] when the UK Independence Party (UKIP) and the Green Party of England and Wales received 4.9 million votes[6] (12.6% of the total vote for UKIP and 3.8% for the Greens) yet only gained one seat each in the House of Commons. After that election, UKIP, the Liberal Democrats, and the Green Party of England and Wales, together with its Scottish and Northern Ireland affiliated parties, the Scottish National Party and Plaid Cymru, delivered a petition signed by 477,000[7] people to Downing Street demanding electoral reform.

Since 1997, proportional representation-based voting systems have been adopted for elections to the Scottish Parliament, the Senedd (Welsh Parliament), the Northern Ireland Assembly, the London Assembly and (until Brexit in 2020) the UK's seats in the European Parliament. In these bodies, other parties have had success.

Traditionally political parties have been private organisations with no official recognition by the state. The Registration of Political Parties Act 1998 changed that by creating a register of parties.

Membership of political parties has been in decline in the UK since the 1950s, falling by over 65% from 1983 (4% of the electorate) to 2005 (1.3%).[8]

House of Commons Parliamentary parties[edit]

Party Founded Political
position
Ideology Leader House of
Commons
House of
Lords
Holyrood Senedd Stormont London
Assembly
Local
government
Conservative and Unionist Party 1834
Centre-right Conservatism
Economic liberalism
British unionism
Boris Johnson
358 / 650
261 / 824
[Note 1]
31 / 129
16 / 60
N/A
9 / 25
7,463 / 19,698
[9]
Labour Party 1900
1917 (Co-op)
Centre-left Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Keir Starmer
199 / 650
[Note 2][Note 3]
168 / 824
[Note 4] [Note 1]
22 / 129
[Note 5]
30 / 60
[Note 6]
N/A
11 / 25
5,767 / 19,698
[9]
Scottish National Party 1934 Centre-left Scottish nationalism
Scottish independence
Social democracy
Pro-Europeanism
Nicola Sturgeon
45 / 650
N/A
64 / 129
N/A N/A N/A
451 / 19,698
[9]
Liberal Democrats 1988 Centre to
centre-left
Liberalism
Social liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Ed Davey
13 / 650
84 / 824
[Note 1]
4 / 129
1 / 60
N/A
2 / 25
2,697 / 19,698
[9]
Democratic Unionist Party 1971 Right-wing British unionism
British nationalism
Right-wing populism
Hard Euroscepticism
Jeffrey Donaldson
8 / 650
5 / 824
[Note 1]
N/A N/A
25 / 90
N/A
114 / 19,698
Sinn Féin 1905 (original)
1970 (current)
Centre-left
to left-wing
Irish republicanism
Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism
Mary Lou McDonald
7 / 650
[Note 7]
N/A N/A N/A
27 / 90
N/A
104 / 19,698
Plaid Cymru 1925 Centre-left
to left-wing
Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Adam Price
3 / 650
1 / 824
[Note 1]
N/A
13 / 60
N/A N/A
202 / 19,698
[9]
Social Democratic and Labour Party 1970 Centre-left Social democracy
Irish nationalism
Colum Eastwood
2 / 650
N/A N/A N/A
8 / 90
N/A
56 / 19,698
Alba Party 2021 N/A Scottish nationalism
Scottish independence
Alex Salmond
2 / 650
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
0 / 19,698
[9]
Green Party of England and Wales 1990 Left-wing Green politics
Progressivism
Pro-Europeanism
Carla Denyer,
Adrian Ramsay
(co-leaders)
1 / 650
2 / 824
[Note 1]
N/A N/A N/A
3 / 25
543 / 19,698
[9]
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland 1970 Centre to
centre-left
Liberalism
Nonsectarianism
Pro-Europeanism
Naomi Long
1 / 650
N/A N/A N/A
17 / 90
N/A
53 / 19,698

Parties without representation in the House of Commons, but with representation in other UK legislatures[edit]

There are a number of political parties in the United Kingdom that do not have representation in the House of Commons, but have elected representatives in the Northern Ireland Assembly and Scottish Parliament These are:

Party Founded Political position Ideology Leader House of
Lords
Holyrood Stormont Local
government
Ulster Unionist Party 1905 Centre-right British unionism
Conservatism
Doug Beattie
2 / 824
[Note 8]
N/A
9 / 90
74 / 19,698
Scottish Greens 1990 Centre-left
to left-wing
Green politics
Scottish independence
Scottish republicanism
Pro-Europeanism
Patrick Harvie,
Lorna Slater
(job share)
N/A
7 / 129
N/A
35 / 19,698
[9]
Traditional Unionist Voice 2007 Right-wing British unionism
National conservatism
Social conservatism
Euroscepticism
Jim Allister N/A N/A
1 / 90
6 / 19,698
People Before Profit 2005 Left-wing Socialism
Trotskyism
Anti-capitalism
Irish reunification
Eamonn McCann[Note 9] N/A N/A
1 / 90
5 / 19,698

Party descriptions[edit]

Party Description
Conservative and Unionist Party A party loosely divided into three categories; the Thatcherites, who strongly support a free market with restrained government spending and tend to be Eurosceptic, the Cornerstone Group, who advocate for the preservation of established institutions and traditional principles, and the liberal conservative One Nation Conservatives.
Labour Party A social democratic party with democratic socialist elements that has its roots in the trade union movement. The party has several internal factions, which include: Momentum, Open Labour, Progress, Blue Labour, and the Labour members on a split ticket with the Co-operative Party.
Scottish National Party Scottish nationalist and social democratic party which supports Scottish independence and membership of the European Union or further devolution for Scotland.
Liberal Democrats A liberal party; its main branches are the social liberals based around groups like the Social Liberal Forum, and the 'Orange Book' grouping, which supports classical liberalism. There is also a social democratic faction and influence within the party. Supports membership of the European Union.
Democratic Unionist Party British Unionist and socially conservative, national conservative political party in Northern Ireland.
Sinn Féin Irish republican party dedicated to the reunification of Ireland and the creation of a new republic based on democratic socialist values.
Plaid Cymru Democratic socialist, social democratic, Welsh nationalist party in favour of Welsh independence or further devolution for Wales.
Social Democratic and Labour Party Irish nationalist and social-democratic party supporting a United Ireland.
Ulster Unionist Party A conservative and Unionist party in Northern Ireland.
Green Party of England and Wales Green political party that favours environmentalism, progressivism and sustainability.
Scottish Greens Green political party in favour of Scottish independence and Scottish republicanism.
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland Liberal and nonsectarian political party in Northern Ireland.
Traditional Unionist Voice Strongly social and national conservative unionist party in Northern Ireland.
People Before Profit A socialist and Trotskyist party that is active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Alba Party A pro-Scottish independence and Scottish nationalist party founded in February 2021.

Local government[edit]

Principal authorities[edit]

Party Leader Ideology Political position Local authorities Councillors Parish councillors
Ashfield Independents Jason Zadrozny N/A N/A Ashfield, Nottinghamshire 41[10][11] 12
Residents Associations of Epsom and Ewell Keith Lugton N/A N/A Epsom and Ewell, Surrey 35[12][13] 0
Residents for Uttlesford John Lodge Localism N/A Uttlesford, Essex County Council 26[14] 20
Lincolnshire Independents Marianne Overton Regionalism N/A Lincolnshire 26[15][16] 0
Farnham Residents Group No leader Localism N/A Surrey County Council, Waverley 20[17][18][13] 14
Mansfield Independents Martin Wright Localism N/A Mansfield, Nottinghamshire 19[19] 0
Residents for Guildford and Villages Jonathan Bigmore[20] Localism
Nonpartisan politics
N/A Guildford, Surrey 18[21][13] 0
Thurrock Independents Graham Snell Local politics, Hard Euroscepticism N/A Thurrock 17
Canvey Island Independent Party David Blackwell N/A N/A Castle Point, Essex 16[22][23] 0
Loughton Residents Association N/A Local politics N/A Epping Forest District, Essex County Council 14 21
Horwich and Blackrod First Marie Brady Localism N/A Horwich Town Council, Bolton Council 13 11
Rotherham Democratic Party Allen Cowles N/A N/A Rotherham 12 0
Ashford Independents Noel Ovenden N/A N/A Ashford 11 0
City Independent No Leader N/A N/A Stoke-on-Trent City Council 12 0
East Devon Alliance Paul Arnott Localism, Transparency[24] N/A East Devon 11[25] 0
Swale Independents Mike Baldock Localism N/A Swale Borough Council 10 0
Temple and Farringdon Together No leader Localism N/A City of London Corporation 10[26] 0
Liberal Party Steve Radford Liberalism, Euroscepticism Centre Liverpool, Ryedale, Test Valley 10[27][28] 8
Tunbridge Wells Alliance Nicholas Pope[29] N/A N/A Tunbridge Wells 9[30][31][32] 0
Wales Green Party Anthony Slaughter Green politics, Progressivism, Pro-Europeanism Left-wing Neath Port Talbot, Monmouthshire, Newport, Conwy, Powys, Swansea, Denbighshire, Cardiff 8[33] 4
Ashtead Independents Chris Hunt Localism N/A Mole Valley, Surrey 8[34][35][36] 0
Green Party Northern Ireland Clare Bailey Green politics, Nonsectarianism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-left 8 0
Yorkshire Party Bob Buxton Yorkshire regionalism, Social democracy Centre to centre-left East Riding, Selby, North Yorkshire 8 0
Derwentside Independents Watts Stelling N/A N/A Durham County Council 7[37][38] 5
Hornchurch Residents' Association Stephanie Jane Nunn[39] Localism N/A Havering London Borough Council 7[40] 0
Thornaby Independent Association No Leader Localism N/A Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 7 0
Rochford District Residents No Leader Localism N/A Rochford District, Essex County Council 7 0
UK Independence Party (UKIP) Neil Hamilton Euroscepticism,[41][42] Right-wing populism,[42][43] National conservatism,[44] Economic liberalism,[42] British nationalism[45] Right-wing[46] to far-right[47][48][49] BCP, Folkestone & Hythe, Great Yarmouth, South Staffordshire, Tamworth, Tendring 7[50][51][52] 0
Llais Gwynedd Owain Williams Gwynedd regionalism N/A Gwynedd Gwynedd Council[53]
6 / 75
[54]
0
Reform Derby Alan Graves senior Localism N/A Derby 6 [Note 10] 0
Runnymede Independent Residents' Group No leader N/A N/A Runnymede 6 0
Upminster and Cranham Residents' Association Linda Hawthorn Localism N/A Havering London Borough Council 6 0
Our West Lancashire Adrian Owens Localism N/A West Lancashire Borough Council 6[55] 0
Molesey Residents’ Association Stuart Selleck Localism N/A Surrey County Council, Elmbridge Borough Council 6[56][13][57] 0
Burnley and Padiham Independent Party Mark Payne Localism N/A Burnley Borough Council 5 0
Basingstoke & Deane Independents Ian Tilbury Localism N/A Basingstoke and Deane 5 0
Morley Borough Independents Robert Finnigan Independent politics, Localism N/A Leeds City Council 5 0
Thames Ditton & Weston Green Residents' Association Graham Cooke[58] Localism N/A Elmbridge Borough Council 5[59][13][57] [Note 11] 0
Alliance for Local Living Felicity Rice Localism, nonpartisanism N/A Dorset Council, BCP 5 0
Poole People Party Mark Howell Localism

Nonpartisanism

N/A BCP 5 0
Old Windsor Residents' Association Lynne Jones and Malcolm Beer Localism N/A Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council Local government
5 / 57
[60]
0
Mebyon Kernow Dick Cole Cornish nationalism, Civic nationalism, Regionalism,
Social democracy, Environmentalism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre-left Cornwall Cornwall Council[61][62]
5 / 87
0
Farnworth and Kearsley First Peter Flitcroft Localism N/A Bolton Council Bolton Council
5 / 60
0
Residents of Wilmslow No Leader Localism N/A Cheshire East Council 4 4
Reform UK Richard Tice Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Right-wing Derby, Redbridge, Swale [Note 12] 4[63][64][65][66] [Note 13][28] 3
Progressive Unionist Party Billy Hutchinson British unionism, Democratic socialism, Social democracy Centre-left Belfast, Causeway Coast and Glens 4[67][68] 0
Independent Community and Health Concern Dr Richard Taylor N/A Single-issue Wyre Forest, Worcestershire, Shropshire 4[9] 0
Barnsley Independent Group Phillip Birkinshaw N/A N/A Barnsley 4[69] 0
Brockworth First No Leader Localism N/A Tewkesbury Borough Council 4 0
North East Party Mark Burdon Regionalism, Subsidiarity, Progressivism Centre to centre-left Durham 4 0
Newport Independents Party Kevin Whitehead Social democracy, Localism Centre Newport, South Wales 4 [70] 0
Tattenhams & Preston Residents No leader Localism N/A Reigate and Banstead, Surrey 4[71] [Note 14] 0
Nork Residents' Association No leader Localism N/A Reigate and Banstead, Surrey 4[71][13] [Note 15] 0
Nottingham Independents Francesco Lari N/A N/A Nottingham City Council, Gedling Borough Council, Nottinghamshire 3 [72] 1
5 Star Direct Democracy Party John Rees-Evans Euroscepticism N/A Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council, Hartlepool Borough Council 3[73][74][75] 1
People Against Bureaucracy Malcolm Stennett Transparency N/A Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 3[76][77] 0
Guildford Greenbelt Group Susan Parker Environmentalism N/A Guildford 3[78] 0
Teesville Independents No leader Localism N/A Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council 3 0
H&E Matters No leader N/A N/A Tendring District 3 0
Newcastle Independents Jason Smith Localism N/A Newcastle City Council 3[79] 0
Fairfield and Yarm Independents No leader Localism N/A Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 3 0
Ingleby Barwick Independent Society Kenneth Dixon Localism N/A Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 3 0
Swanscombe and Greenhithe Residents' Association Peter Martin Harman Localism N/A Dartford Borough Council 3 0
Merton Park Ward Residents Association Peter Southgate Localism Centre to centre-left Merton London Borough Council Merton London Borough Council
3 / 60
0
Highwoods Group Beverley Oxford N/A N/A Colchester 3[80] 0
Hinchley Wood Residents Association Saranne Bristow[81] Localism N/A Elmbridge Borough Council 3 [82][57] [Note 16] 0
Harold Wood Hill Park Residents Association Darren Wise Localism N/A Havering London Borough Council 3 0
Breakthrough Party Alex Mays Democratic socialism Left-wing Spelthorne 2 6
Henley Residents Group No leader N/A N/A South Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire 2[83] 6
Independent Union Shane Moore Localism, Euroscepticism N/A Hartlepool 2[65] 0
The Borough First[84] Charles Hollingsworth N/A N/A Windsor and Maidenhead 2[85] 0
Morecambe Bay Independents Roger Dennison Localism N/A Lancaster 2[86] 0
Tewkesbury and Twyning Independent No Leader Localism N/A Tewkesbury Borough Council 2 0
Aontú Peadar Tóibín Anti-abortion, Irish republicanism, Irish reunification,
Social conservatism, Soft Euroscepticism
Syncretic Derry City and Strabane District Council, Mid Ulster District Council Local government in Northern Ireland
2 / 462
0
Orkney Manifesto Group Rachael King Localism N/A Orkney Islands Council Orkney Islands Council
2 / 21
0
Uplands Party[87] Peter May Localism N/A Swansea Council 2 0
Weybridge & St. George's Independents no leader Localism N/A Elmbridge Borough Council 2[88][57] 0
West Words no leader N/A N/A Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council 2 0
Bollington First Amanda Stott Localism N/A Cheshire East 2 0
Knowle Community Party Gary Hopkins Localism N/A Bristol City Council 2[89][90][91] 0
Lytham St. Anne's Independents John Raymond Davies Localism N/A Borough of Fylde 2 0
The Walton Society No leader Localism N/A Elmbridge Borough Council 2[92][57] 0
Esher Residents Association No leader Localism N/A Elmbridge Borough Council 2[93][57] 0
South Woodham Ferrers Independents John Miller Localism N/A Chelmsford City Council 2 0
Wickford Independents No leader Localism N/A Basildon Borough Council 2[94] 0
Alderley Edge First Mike Dudley-Jones Localism N/A Cheshire East 1 9
Handforth Ratepayers' Association No leader Localism N/A Cheshire East 1 2
For Britain Movement Anne Marie Waters Anti-Islam, Right-wing populism, British nationalism,
National conservatism, Hard Euroscepticism
Far-right Epping Forest District Council 1[95] 0
Propel Neil McEvoy Welsh nationalism, Welsh independence, Localism, Sovereignism, Anti-nuclearism N/A Cardiff, Gwynedd, Neath Port Talbot 1 0
West Dunbartonshire Community Party Drew MacEoghainn Socialism Left-wing West Dunbartonshire West Dunbartonshire Council
1 / 22
0
The Rubbish Party Sally Cogley Localism, Environmentalism N/A East Ayrshire 1[96] 0
Militant Left N/A Democratic socialism
Trotskyism
Left-wing to far-left Fermanagh and Omagh District Council 1[97] 0
Aspire Kalam Mahmud Abu Taher Choudhury Social democracy, Localism N/A Tower Hamlets Council Tower Hamlets Council
1 / 45
[98]
0
Independence for Scotland Party Colette Walker Scottish independence, Pro-EFTA N/A Argyll and Bute Council 1 0
Scotia Future Charles Brodie Scottish independence N/A Renfrewshire Council 1 0
Heavy Woollen District Independents Aleksandar Lukic Localism N/A Kirklees Council 1[75] 0
West Suffolk Independents Victor Lukaniuk Localism N/A Suffolk County Council 1[99] 0
National Flood Prevention Party Ewan Larcombe N/A N/A Windsor and Maidenhead Borough Council 1 0
Putting Cumbria First Jonathan Davies Localism N/A Allerdale Borough Council 1[100] 0
East Cleveland Independent No leader Localism N/A Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council 1[101] 0
Wythall Residents' Association No leader Localism N/A Bromsgrove District 1[102][13] 0

Civil parishes and community councils[edit]

Party Leader Ideology Political position Councillors
Independents for Frome Richard Ackroyd Localism, Conservation N/A 17[103]
Devizes Guardians Nigel Carter Localism, Conservation N/A 11[104]
Ecclesfield Parish Independent Councillors Robert John Brownrigg Localism N/A 10
Independents for Rame and Maker (INFORM) Ian Turpitt Localism N/A 9
The Haswells Community Party Chris Hood Localism N/A 9
Our Ryde Michael Lilley Localism N/A 9
Official Monster Raving Loony Party Howling Laud Hope Political satirism N/A 7
Ideal Bradford Dominic Newton Localism N/A 6
Wells Independents Philip Welch Localism N/A 5
South Tyneside Independent Group Glenn Thompson Localism N/A 5
Edlington and Warmsworth First no leader Localism N/A 3
Gwlad Gwyn Wigley Evans Welsh nationalism, Welsh independence Centre-right 2[105]
Animal Welfare Party Vanessa Hudson Animal welfare N/A 1[106]
Cornish Nationalist Party Androw Hawke Cornish nationalism, Cornish devolution, Pan-Celticism Right-wing 1[107]
Hampshire Independents Alan Stone Localism N/A 1[108]
Women's Equality Party Mandu Reid Feminism, Pro-Europeanism N/A 1[109]
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition (TUSC) Dave Nellist Trade unionism, Socialism, Euroscepticism Left-wing to far-left 1[110]
Sutton Residents' Party Elizabeth Sarah Parry Localism N/A 1
The Reclaim Party Laurence Fox Right-wing populism Right-wing 1[111]
Harmony Party UK Collective leadership Socialism, Anarchism, Mutualism Left-wing to far-left 1[112]

No elected UK representation[edit]

This is a table of notable minor parties. Many parties are registered with the Electoral Commission but do not qualify for this list as they have not received significant independent coverage. Parties active across Ireland may have representation in the Republic of Ireland but not Northern Ireland.

Party Leader Ideology Political position
4 Freedoms Party (UK EEP) Dirk Hazell Conservatism, Pro-Europeanism Centre-right
Abolish the Welsh Assembly Party Richard Suchorzewski Welsh Parliament abolition N/A
Britain First Paul Golding British Fascism, Ultranationalism, British unionism, Anti-Islamism, Euroscepticism Far-right
British Democrats Andrew Brons Ultranationalism, British unionism, British fascism, Sovereignism, Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Far-right
British National Party Adam Walker British Fascism, Right-wing populism, White nationalism, White supremacism, Ethnic nationalism, Ultranationalism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-right
Burning Pink Roger Hallam Environmentalism N/A
Christian Party Jeff Green Christian right, Euroscepticism, Social conservatism, British unionism Right-wing
Christian Peoples Alliance Sidney Cordle Christian democracy, Social conservatism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
Church of the Militant Elvis Party David Bishop Political satire
The Common Good Dick Rodgers Christian democracy, Social conservatism, Anti-Islam N/A
Communist League No clear leader Communism, Euroscepticism Far-left
Communist Party of Britain Robert Griffiths Communism, Marxism–Leninism Far-left
Communist Party of Britain
(Marxist–Leninist)
No clear leader Communism, Marxism–Leninism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
(Marxist–Leninist)
Ella Rule Communism, Marxism–Leninism, Stalinism Anti-revisionism, Anti-Zionism,[113] Hard Euroscepticism[114] Far-left
Communist Party of Great Britain
(Provisional Central Committee)
Collective leadership Communism, Leninism, Anti-Stalinism Far-left
Cross-Community Labour Alternative Owen McCracken Democratic socialism, Trade unionism, Nonsectarianism, Eco-socialism Left-wing
English Democrats Robin Tilbrook English nationalism, English independence, English parliamentary devolution, Euroscepticism Right-wing to far-right
Éirígí Brian Leeson Socialism, Irish republicanism, Anti-imperialism, Euroscepticism, Environmentalism Left-wing to far-left
Fianna Fáil
(Major party in the Republic of Ireland)
Micheál Martin Conservatism, Christian democracy, Irish nationalism, Pro-Europeanism Centre to centre-right
Irish Republican Socialist Party Collective leadership Irish republicanism, Marxism-Leninism, Anti-globalisation, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Lewisham People Before Profit Patricia Richardson Socialism, Localism Left-wing
Left Unity Sharon McCourt
Joseph Healy
Nick Jones
(Principal Speakers)
Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Environmentalism,
Feminism, Anti-racism, Pro-Europeanism
Left-wing
Libertarian Party Adam Brown Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Euroscepticism N/A
National Health Action Party Alastair Fischer and Veronika Wagner Re-nationalisation of the NHS, Social democracy,
Environmentalism, Anti-austerity, Reformism
Centre-left
National Front Tony Martin Fascism, Neo-fascism, British nationalism, White supremacism
Factions: Neo-Nazism, Radical populism, Third Positionism
Far-right
National Liberal Party Upkar Singh Rai Decentralisation, Euroscepticism, Direct democracy, Anti-capitalism Far-right
New Communist Party of Britain Andy Brooks Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Anti-revisionism, Hard Euroscepticism Far-left
Northern Independence Party Philip Proudfoot and Evie McGovern Northern independence, Democratic socialism Left-wing
Peace Party John Morris Pacifism, Environmentalism N/A
Republican Network for Unity Gary McNally Irish republicanism, Socialism Left-wing
Republican Sinn Féin Seosamh Ó Maoileoin Irish republicanism, Irish nationalism, Éire Nua, Socialism, Euroscepticism, Abstentionism, Secularism Left-wing
Restore Scotland David McHutchon Scottish independence, Conservatism, Euroscepticism N/A
Revolutionary Communist Party of
Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
Chris Coleman Communism, Anti-revisionism, Hoxhaism, Marxism–Leninism Far-left
Saoradh Collective leadership Irish republicanism, Dissident republicanism, Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Anti-imperialism Far-left
Scottish Democratic Alliance Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Libertarian Party Tam Laird Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Minarchism, Individualism, Scottish independence, Euroscepticism N/A
Scottish Socialist Party Collective leadership Democratic socialism, Anti-capitalism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism Left-wing
Scottish Unionist Party Daniel Houston Scottish unionism, British unionism, Anti-Scottish Parliament Right-wing
Social Democratic Party William Clouston Social democracy, Communitarianism, Euroscepticism, Social conservatism Syncretic
Socialist Equality Party No clear leader Orthodox Trotskyism Far-left
Socialist Labour Party Arthur Scargill Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Fiscal localism,
Republicanism, Hard Euroscepticism
Left-wing
Socialist Party (England and Wales) Hannah Sell Trotskyism Far-left
Socialist Party (Ireland) Collective leadership Democratic socialism, Political radicalism,
Trotskyism, Euroscepticism
Left-wing to far-left
Socialist Party of Great Britain Collective leadership Socialism, Marxism, Impossibilism Far-left
Socialist Party Scotland No clear leader Socialism, Trotskyism, Trade unionism Far-left
Socialist Workers Party Collective leadership Trotskyism Far-left
Something New Dr James Smith No fixed ideology Centre
Syncretic
Spartacist League of Britain Unclear Trotskyism Far-left
Taking The Initiative Party Charles Gordon and Sasha Johnson Anti-racism N/A
True and Fair Party Gina Miller Pro-Europeanism Centre
Veterans and People's Party Robin Horsfall Islamophobia, Right-wing populism, British nationalism, Hard Euroscepticism, Conservatism Right-wing
Volt UK Philipp Gnatzy Pro-Europeanism, European federalism, Social liberalism, Progressivism Centre to centre-left
Wessex Regionalists Jim Gunter Wessex regionalism, Agrarianism N/A
Whig Party Waleed Ghani Pro-Europeanism, Social progressivism, Whiggism Centre
Workers Party of Britain George Galloway N/A N/A
Workers' Party of Ireland Michael Donnelly Communism, Marxism–Leninism, Irish republicanism, Euroscepticism Far-left
Workers' Power National Committee Trotskyism Far-left
Workers Revolutionary Party Joshua Ogunleye Trotskyism, Euroscepticism, Healyism Far-left

Defunct parties[edit]

Party Foundation/
dissolution
Leader at dissolution Ideology Political position
Advance Together 2017–2020 Annabel Mullin Social liberalism, Subsidiarity, Reformism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
Anti-Federalist League
(Later became what is now UKIP)
1991–1993 Alan Sked Euroscepticism Right-wing
Blaenau Gwent People's Voice 2005–2010 No clear leader Localism, Populism N/A
Borders Party 2006–2020 Frances Pringle Localism N/A
Boston Bypass Independents 2006–2011 Richard Austin Localism N/A
Britannica Party 2011–2020 Charles Baillie British Fascism, Right-wing populism Far-right
British First Party 2007 Kevin Quinn Neo-Nazism, White nationalism, White supremacy Far-right
British Freedom Party 2010–2012 Kevin Carroll British nationalism, Euroscepticism, Anti-Islam Far-right
Cannabis Is Safer Than Alcohol 2015–2016 Paul Birch Cannabis legalisation N/A
Class War 2014–2015 No clear leader Anarchism Left-wing to far-left
Community Action Party 2002–2016 Michael Moulding Environmentalism, Localism Centre-left
Communist Party of Scotland 1992–2017(?) No clear leader Communism, Marxism-Leninism, Scottish independence Far-left
The Community Group (Hounslow) 1994–2016 Ian Speed Localism N/A
Countryside Party 2000–2008 No clear leader Agrarianism, Conservatism N/A
Democratic Alliance of Wales 1999–2008 Mike German Localism N/A
Democratic Labour 1972–1979 Dick Taverne Social democracy Centre-left
Democratic Party 1998–2010 Geoff Southall Euroscepticism, Direct democracy Right-wing
East Kilbride Alliance 2007–2012 No clear leader Localism Centre-left
Ecology Party 1975–1985 Tony Whittaker Green politics N/A
England First 2003–2012 Mark Cotterill Ethnic nationalism, English nationalism,
English independence, Euroscepticism
Far-right
Fancy Dress Party 1979–2017 Steven Fumpleton Political satire N/A
Fellowship Party 1955–2007 Sidney Fagan Environmentalism, Pacifism, Christian socialism Left-wing
Fishing Party (Scotland) 2003–2004 George Geddes N/A Single-issue
For Darwen Party 2007–2013 Stephen Potter Localism, Hard Euroscepticism N/A
Forward Wales 2003–2010 John Marek Socialism, Welsh nationalism Left-wing
Freedom Party 2000–2006 Adrian Davies Anti-immigration, Protectionism Right-wing to far-right
Free Party 2001–2002 No clear leader N/A N/A
Green Party UK
Predecessor of the GPEW, SGP, and GPNI.
1985–1990 Tom Wood Green politics Left-wing
Glasgow First 2012–2015 Gerrard McCue Social democracy Centre-left
Harold Hill Independent[115] 2017–2018 Lorraine Moss Localism N/A
Highlands and Islands Alliance 1998–2004 Lorraine Mann Localism, Regionalism, Soft Euroscepticism N/A
Independence from Europe 2012–2017 Mike Nattrass Euroscepticism, State ownership,
Direct democracy, English devolution
N/A
The Independent Group for Change 2019 Anna Soubry Centrism, Pro-Europeanism Centre
The Independents 2019 No leader N/A N/A
Independent Working Class Association 1995–2020 No clear leader Socialism, Localism Left-wing
Islamic Party of Britain 1989–2006 David Musa Pidcock Islamism Third position
Jury Team 2009–2011 Sir Paul Judge Nonpartisan politics, Localism, Direct democracy Big tent
Legalise Cannabis Alliance 1997–2013 Peter Reynolds Cannabis legalisation, Drug policy reform N/A
Left List 2008–2010 Collective leadership Socialism Left-wing
Liberal Party
(Merged with SDP to make Liberal Democrats)
1859–1988 David Steel[Note 17] Liberalism, Classical liberalism, Social liberalism Centre
Liberty GB 2013–2017 Paul Weston Hard Euroscepticism, Right-wing populism,
British nationalism, Social conservatism
Far-right
Make Politicians History 2005–2009 Ronnie Carroll Anti-Parliamentarianism N/A
MP3 Party 2002–2007 Ruslan Fedorovsky Political satire N/A
National Democrats 1995–2011 No clear leader British nationalism, Right-wing populism, Third positionism,
Euroscepticism, National conservatism
Far-right
Nationalist Alliance 2005–2008 Catherine Parker-Brown White supremacy Far-right
Natural Law Party 1992–2004 No clear leader Pro-Transcendental Meditation N/A
New Deal 2013–2015 Alan Sked Euroscepticism, Social liberalism Centre-left
New Party 2003–2010 Richard Vass Neoliberalism, Economic liberalism, Internationalism,
Euroscepticism, Right-libertarianism
Right-wing
No2EU 2009–2014 No clear leader Euroscepticism, Socialism Left-wing
No Candidate Deserves My Vote! 2000–2012 Amanda Ringwood Electoral reform, None of the above N/A
Northern Ireland Women's Coalition 1996–2006 Monica McWilliams
Pearl Sagar
Feminism, Nonsectarianism N/A
Northern Party 2015–2016 Michael Dawson Northern England Regionalism N/A
NI21 2013–2016 Basil McCrea Ulster unionism, Social liberalism, Secularism,
Nonsectarianism, Pro-Europeanism
Centre
One London 2005–2008 Damian Hockney Euroscepticism N/A
People's Democratic Party 2012–2017 Lee Robert Holmes Localism, Centrism, Social justice, Populism Centre
Pirate Party 2009–2020 Harley James Faggetter Pirate politics, Civil libertarianism N/A
Pro-Euro Conservative Party 1999–2001 John Stevens
Brendan Donnelly
One-nation conservatism, Liberal conservatism,
Pro-Europeanism
Centre to centre-right
ProLife Alliance 1996–2004 Josephine Quintavalle
Bruno Quintavalle
Anti-abortion Single-issue
Protestant Coalition 2013–2015 Robert McKee Irish unionism, Ulster loyalism, British nationalism,
Christian fundamentalism, Christian right
Far-right
Publican Party 2005–2007 No clear leader Anti-smoking ban Single-issue
Raving Loony Green Giant Party 1989–1993 Stuart Hughes Environmentalism, Political satire N/A
Referendum Party 1994–1997 James Goldsmith Euroscepticism Single-issue
Renew Party 2017–2022 James Clarke Pro-Europeanism Centre
Respect Party 2004–2016 George Galloway Anti-war, Socialism, Anti-capitalism, Anti-imperialism,
Anti-Zionism, Euroscepticism
Left-wing to far-left
RISE – Scotland's Left Alliance 2015–2020 Jonathon Shafi Anti-capitalism, Eco-socialism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism Left-wing
Rock 'n' Roll Loony Party 2000–2007 Chris Driver Political satire N/A
Scottish Enterprise Party
(Now Scottish Democratic Alliance)
2004–2009 Robert Lamb Watson Scottish independence, Hard Euroscepticism Centre-right
Scottish Jacobite Party 2005–2007 &
2010–2011
John Black Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism,
Euroscepticism
N/A
Scottish Voice 2007–2012 Archie Stirling N/A Centre-right
Social Democratic Alliance 1975–1981 No clear leader Social democracy, Anti-communism Centre to centre-left
Social Democratic Party
(Merged with old Liberal Party
to make Liberal Democrats)
1981–1988 Robert Maclennan[Note 18] Social democracy, Social liberalism Centre
Socialist People's Party (Furness) 1995–2015 Jim Hamezian Socialism Left-wing
Solidarity 2006–2021 Tommy Sheridan Socialism, Scottish independence, Scottish republicanism, Euroscepticism Left-wing to far-left
Tower Hamlets First 2013–2015 Lutfur Rahman Social democracy, Localism Centre-left
Trust Party 2010–2011 Stuart Wheeler Soft Euroscepticism N/A
UK European Union Party 2019-2021 Pierre Kirk Pro-Europeanism, Cultural liberalism, Social liberalism,
Fiscal conservatism
Centre
UK Unionist Party 1995–2008 Robert McCartney British unionism, Nonsectarianism, Integrationism Centre-right
Ulster Popular Unionist Party 1980–1995 James Kilfedder British unionism, Pro-devolution Centre-right
United in Europe 2014–2015 Charles Cormack Pro-Europeanism Single-issue
United Kingdom First Party 2009-2010 Robin Page Populism, Euroscepticism N/A
United Ulster Unionist Party 1975–1984 Ernest Baird Ulster loyalism N/A
Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party 1972–1978 William Craig British nationalism, Ulster loyalism Right-wing to far-right
Veritas 2005–2015 Therese Muchewicz Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism Right-wing
We Demand a Referendum Now 2012–2014 Nikki Sinclaire Euroscepticism Single-issue
White Nationalist Party 2002–2005 No clear leader White nationalism, Neo-fascism, White supremacy Far-right

Historical parties[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Including absent, suspended and temporarily disqualified members.
  2. ^ Including 26 as Lab Co-op.
  3. ^ The Speaker, Sir Lindsay Hoyle, is not included in this tally as the speaker stands in the election as "Speaker seeking re-election" and no longer has ties with their original party.
  4. ^ Including 16 as Lab Co-op.
  5. ^ Including 7 as Lab Co-op.
  6. ^ Including 11 as Lab Co-op.
  7. ^ Sinn Fein operate a policy of Abstentionism and do not take their Commons seats
  8. ^ Including absent, suspended and temporarily disqualified members.
  9. ^ Party operates a policy of collective leadership, but Eamonn McCann is listed as the party's leader for the purposes of registration to the UK Electoral Commission.
  10. ^ 2 sit as Reform Derby and Reform UK
  11. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Hinchley Wood Residents' Association and the Thames Ditton & Weston Green Residents' Association
  12. ^ Two town councillors are on Newquay Town Council, the other a Parish Councillor on the Isle of Sheppey / Swale
  13. ^ 2 sit as Reform Derby and Reform UK
  14. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Nork Residents' Association and the Tattenham & Preston Residents' Association
  15. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Nork Residents' Association and the Tattenham & Preston Residents' Association
  16. ^ 1 member sits as a member of the Hinchley Wood Residents' Association and the Thames Ditton & Weston Green Residents' Association
  17. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Robert Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.
  18. ^ The SDP-Liberal Alliance at dissolution was jointly led by David Steel as the leader of the Liberal Party and Maclennan as the leader of the SDP.

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External links[edit]