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List of political parties in the United States

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This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present.

Parties with federal representation[edit]

Current United States Congressional seats

Political Parties House of Representatives Senate
Republican Party 241 52
Democratic Party 194 46
Independent 0 2

Congressional leadership of the House of Representatives

Position Representative
Speaker of the House Paul Ryan (R)
Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R)
Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D)

Congressional leadership of the Senate

Position Senator
President of the Senate Mike Pence (R)
President Pro Tempore Orrin Hatch (R)
Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R)
Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D)

The Vice President of the United States has the additional duty of President of the Senate. It is the Vice President's duty as President of the Senate to cast a tie-breaking vote in the event that "they be equally divided"—an equal number of Senators voting both for and against a motion.

Parties with state representation[edit]

Political Parties State Lower Chamber Seats State Upper Chamber Seats Governorships
Republican Party 3,047 1,158 34
Democratic Party 2,339 804 15
Vermont Progressive Party 7 3 0
Libertarian Party 3 1 0
Working Families Party 1 1 0
Green Party[1] 1 0 0
Independence Party of New York 1 0 0
Independent 15 3 1
Vacant 4 3 0
Total 5,411 1,972 50

Major political parties[edit]

Per Merriam-Webster, a major party has "electoral strength sufficient to permit it to win control of a government usually with comparative regularity and when defeated to constitute the principal opposition to the party in power."[2]. In the United States, only the Democratic and Republican parties meet this definition.

Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
Democratic Party 1828 Progressive Alliance
Republican Party 1854 International Democrat Union[3]

Minor political parties[edit]

This listing of minor parties does not include independents.

Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
American Freedom Party 2010 American Third Position Party
America First Party 2002
American Solidarity Party 2011 Christian Democratic Party USA
American Delta Party 2016
American Populist Party* 2009
America's Party 2008 America's Independent Party
Black Riders Liberation Party 1996
Christian Liberty Party* 1996 American Heritage Party
Citizens Party of the United States 2004 New American Independent Party
Communist Party USA 1919 Workers Party of America
Workers (Communist) Party of America
International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Constitution Party 1992 U.S. Taxpayers' Party
Freedom Socialist Party 1966 Committee for Revolutionary International Regroupment
Green Party of the United States 2001 Association of State Green Parties Global Greens
Humane Party 2009
Independent American Party 1998
Justice Party 2011
Legal Marijuana Now Party 1998
Libertarian Party 1971 International Alliance of Libertarian Parties
Interlibertarians[4]
Modern Whig Party 2007
National Socialist Movement 1974 National Socialist American Workers Freedom Movement World Union of National Socialists
New Black Panther Party 1989
Objectivist Party 2008
Party for Socialism and Liberation 2004
Peace and Freedom Party 1967
Prohibition Party 1869
Reform Party of the United States of America 1995 United We Stand America
Royalist Party USA 2014
Socialist Action 1983 Fourth International
Socialist Alternative 1986 Labor Militant Committee for a Workers' International
Socialist Equality Party 1966 Workers League International Committee of the Fourth International
Socialist Party USA 1973 Debs Caucus
Union for Democratic Socialism
Socialist Labor Party of America 1876 Workingmen's Party (1876–1877)
Socialistic Labor Party (1877–1880s)
Socialist Workers Party 1938 Pathfinder tendency (unofficial)
Traditionalist Workers Party 2015
United States Marijuana Party 2002
United States Pacifist Party 1983
United States Pirate Party 2006 Pirate Parties International (observer)
Unity Party of America 2004
Veterans Party of America 2013
Workers World Party 1959

Regional parties[edit]

These parties are based only in states or certain regions and rarely, if ever, offer candidates for national offices. These are all parties that are unaffiliated with national parties. Each state has official state chapters of the major parties as well as some of the minor parties.

Alaska[edit]

California[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

Delaware[edit]

Hawaii[edit]

Michigan[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

Maryland[edit]

New York[edit]

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

South Carolina[edit]

Utah[edit]

U.S. Virgin Islands[edit]

Vermont[edit]

Washington[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Historical parties[edit]

The following parties are no longer functioning.
Historical parties in the United States
Name Other names Established Disbanded
Federalist Party 1789 1820
Anti-Administration party 1789 1792
Democratic-Republican Party Republican Party 1792 c. 1824
Toleration Party 1816 c. 1827
National Republican Party Anti-Jacksonian Party c. 1824 1837
Anti-Masonic Party 1828 1838
Nullifier Party 1828 1839
Whig Party 1833 1860s
Liberty Party 1840 1850s
Law and Order Party of Rhode Island 1841 1850s
American Republican Party 1843 1854
Free Soil Party 1848 1855
Anti-Nebraska Party 1854 1854
American Party Know Nothings c. 1854 1858
Opposition Party 1854 1858
Constitutional Union Party 1860 1860
Unconditional Union Party 1861 1866
National Union Party 1864 1868
Radical Democracy Party 1864 1864
Readjuster Party 1870 1885
People's Party (Utah) 1870 1891
Liberal Party 1870 1893
Liberal Republican Party 1872 1872
Greenback Party 1874 1884
Anti-Monopoly Party 1884 1884
People's Party Populist Party 1887 1908
Silver Party 1892 1902
National Democratic Party Gold Democrats 1896 1900
Silver Republican Party 1896 1900
Social Democracy of America 1897 1900
Social Democratic Party 1898 1901
Home Rule Party of Hawaii 1900 1912
Socialist Party of America 1901 1972
Independence Party Independence League 1906 1914
Progressive Party 1912 Bull Moose Party 1912 1914
National Woman's Party 1913 1930
Nonpartisan League 1915 1956
Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party 1918 1944
Labor Party of the United States 1919 1920
Farmer–Labor Party 1920 1936
Proletarian Party of America 1920 1971
Puerto Rican Nationalist Party 1922 1965
Progressive Party 1924 1924 1924
Communist League of America 1928 1934
American Workers Party 1933 1934
Workers Party of the United States 1934 1938
Union Party 1936 1936
American Labor Party 1936 1956
America First Party 1944 1996[citation needed]
States' Rights Democratic Party Dixiecrats 1948 1948
Progressive Party 1948 1948 1955
Progressive Democratic Party 1944 1948
Vegetarian Party 1948 1964
Constitution Party 1952 1968?
American Nazi Party 1959 1967
Puerto Rican Socialist Party 1959 1993
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party 1964 1964
Black Panther Party 1966 1982
Patriot Party 1960s 1980s
Youth International Party Yippies 1967 1967
Communist Workers Party 1969 1985
United Citizens Party 1969 2008?
American Party 1969 2008
Raza Unida Party 1970 2012
People's Party 1971 1976
New Union Party 1974 2005?
U.S. Labor Party 1975 1979
Concerned Citizens Party 1975 1992
Citizens Party 1979 1984
New Alliance Party 1979 1992
Populist Party (United States, 1984) 1984 1994
Looking Back Party 1984 1996
Republican Moderate Party of Alaska 1986 2011
Independent Party of Utah 1988 1996
A Connecticut Party 1990 1995?
New Party 1992 1998
Natural Law Party 1992 2004
New Jersey Conservative Party 1992 2009
American Falangist Party 1995 2000
Labor Party 1996 2007
Aloha Aina Party 1997 2000?
Marijuana Reform Party 1998 2002
Southern Party 1999 2003
Veterans Party 2003 2008
Christian Freedom Party 2004 2004
Personal Choice Party 2004 2006?
Populist Party of Maryland 2004 2008
Moderate Party 2005 2008
Florida Whig Party 2006 2012
Boston Tea Party 2006 2012
Connecticut for Lieberman 2006 2013
Independence Party of America 2007 2013
Taxpayers Party of New York 2010 2011
Freedom Party of New York 2010 2011

Non-electoral organizations[edit]

These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.

Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
American Nazi party (remnants) 1959 World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists
National Socialist White People's Party
American Party of Labor 2008
American Reform Party 1997
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism 1991 Committees of Correspondence
Communist Voice Organization 1995
Democratic Socialists of America 1982 Formerly Socialist International, not a member as of August 2017.
Freedom Road Socialist Organization (freedomroad.org group) 1985
Freedom Road Socialist Organization (frso.org group) 1985 International Communist Seminar
Fourth International Caucus (faction of Solidarity) 1995 Fourth International (USFI)
Greens/Green Party USA 1991
International Socialist Organization 1977
Internationalism 1970 International Communist Current
Internationalist Group 1996 League for the Fourth International
Internationalist Workers' Group 2002 International Communist Tendency
League for the Revolutionary Party 1976 Communist Organization for the Fourth International
League of Revolutionaries for a New America 1993
News and Letters Committees 1955
Our Revolution 2016
Progressive Labor Party 1961 Progressive Labor Movement *
Refoundation and Revolution (faction of Solidarity) 2002 Trotskyist League Coordinating Committee for the Refoundation of the Fourth International
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA 1975 Revolutionary Union
Revolutionary Organization of Labor 1961 Ray O. Light International Communist Seminar, International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (International Newsletter), International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations
Social Democrats, USA 1972
Socialist Organizer 1991 Fourth International (International Center of Reconstruction)
Socialist Workers Organization 2001
Solidarity 1986
Spartacist League 1966 International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
The Spark 1971 International Communist Union
Texas Nationalist Movement
U.S. Marxist–Leninist Organization 1981
Workers Party 2003
World Socialist Party of the United States 1916 Socialist Party of the United States

Socialist Educational Society

Workers' Socialist Party

World Socialist Movement

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]