List of political parties in the United States

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This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present. It does not include independents.

Active parties[edit]

Major parties[edit]

Party Founded Ideology Membership[1] Presidential vote (2016)
[2][3]
Senators
[4]
Representatives
[5]
Governors
[6]
State legislators
[6]
Legislatures
[6]
Trifectas
[6]
Republican Disc.svg Republican Party 1854 Conservatism 33,284,020
306 / 535
62,984,828 (46.09%)
53 / 100
198 / 435
[A]
28 / 55
3,867 / 7,383
29 / 49
21 / 49
US Democratic Party Logo.svg Democratic Party 1828 Modern Liberalism 45,715,952
232 / 535
65,853,514 (48.18%)
45 / 100
[B]
232 / 435
[C]
27 / 55
3,473 / 7,383
19 / 49
15 / 49

Third parties[edit]

Represented in Congress or state legislatures[edit]

Party Founded Ideology Membership[8] Presidential vote (2016)
[3]
Representatives
[5]
State legislators
[6]
Libertarian Party Porcupine (USA).svg Libertarian Party 1971[9] Libertarianism[10] 609,234 4,489,341 (3.28%)
1 / 435
0 / 7,383
Vermont Progressive Party.svg Vermont Progressive Party 1981 Democratic socialism[11] ? 111,850 (0.08%)
0 / 435
9 / 7,383
Working Families Party logo.svg Working Families Party 1998 Social democracy[12] 50,532 140,043 (0.10%)
0 / 435
2 / 7,383
IPNY Logo 3423432.png Independence Party of New York 1991 ? 119,160 (0.09%)
0 / 435
1 / 7,383
Reform Party of the United States of America logo.svg Reform Party 1995 6,665 33,136 (0.02%)
0 / 435
1 / 7,383

Represented in Puerto Rican territorial legislatures[edit]

Party Founded Ideology President Senators Representatives Municipalities
PNP flag.svg New Progressive Party
Partido Nuevo Progresista
1967 Puerto Rico statehood Thomas Rivera Schatz
21 / 30
34 / 51
31 / 78
Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico (logo).png Popular Democratic Party
Partido Popular Democrático
1938 Pro-Commonwealth
Liberalism
Aníbal José Torres
7 / 30
15 / 51
45 / 78
PIP new logo.png Puerto Rican Independence Party
Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño
1946 Puerto Rico independence
Social democracy
Rubén Berríos Martínez
1 / 30
1 / 51
0 / 78

Not represented in Congress, state legislatures, or territorial legislatures[edit]

Party Ideology Founded Presidential vote (2016)[3]
Green Party 2001[13] 1,457,216 (1.07%)
Conservative Party of New York State Conservatism[14] 1962 292,392 (0.21%)
Constitution Party Paleoconservatism[15] 1992[16] 203,010 (0.15%)
Party for Socialism and Liberation Marxism-Leninism[17] 2004[16] 74,392 (0.05%)
Peace and Freedom Party 1967 66,101 (0.05%)
Women's Equality Party 2014 36,292 (0.03%)
Legal Marijuana Now Party Marijuana legalization[18] 1998 13,537 (0.01%)
Socialist Workers Party Castroism[19] 1938 12,467 (0.01%)
Prohibition Party Temperance[20] 1869 5,617 (0%)
Workers World Party 1959 4,314 (0%)
Socialist Party USA Democratic socialism[21] 1973[16] 2,698 (0%)
Natural Law Party Transcendental Meditation[22] 1992 2,209 (0%)
American Solidarity Party Christian democracy[23] 2011[23] 862 (0%)
Socialist Equality Party Trotskyism[24] 1966 469 (0%)
Liberty Union Party 1970 327 (0%)
Transhumanist Party Transhumanist politics[25] 2014 95 (0%)
Christian Liberty Party Christian nationalism[26][27] 2000[28] 0
Alliance Party Centrism[29] 2019 0
American Freedom Party White nationalism[30] 2009[30] 0
Citizens Party of the United States Center-left politics[31] 2004[32] 0
Freedom Socialist Party Socialist feminism[33] 1966 0
Humane Party 2009 0
Justice Party Progressivism[34] 2011 0
Socialist Action 1983 0
Socialist Alternative 1986 0
United States Marijuana Party 2002 0
United States Pirate Party Pirate politics[35] 2006 0
Alaskan Independence Party Alaskan nationalism[36] 1978[37] 0
Independent Party of Delaware 2000 0
Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis Party Marijuana legalization[38] 1986 0
Liberal Party of New York Liberalism[39] 1944 0
Rent Is Too Damn High Party 2005 0
Serve America Movement 2017 0
Charter Party 1924 0
Independent Party of Oregon 2007 0
Oregon Progressive Party 2007 0
Socialist Party of Oregon Democratic socialism[40] 1897 0
Sovereign Union Movement 2010 0
Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party 2003 0
Working People's Party of Puerto Rico 2010 0
Moderate Party of Rhode Island Centrism[41] 2007 0
United Citizens Party 1969 0
United Utah Party Centrism[42] 2017 0
Independent Citizens Movement 1968 0
Progressive Dane Progressivism[43] 1992 0
Unity Party Centrism[44] 2004 0
Independent Greens of Virginia 2005 0
Working Class Party 2016 0

Historical parties[edit]

The following parties are no longer functioning.
Historical parties in the United States
Name Other names Established Disbanded
Federalist Party 1789 1824
Anti-Administration party 1789 1792
Democratic-Republican Party Republican Party 1792 1825
Toleration Party 1816 1827
National Republican Party Anti-Jacksonian Party 1825 1837
Anti-Masonic Party 1828 1838
Nullifier Party 1828 1839
Whig Party 1833 1854
Liberty Party 1840 1848
Law and Order Party of Rhode Island 1840 1848
American Republican Party (1843) 1843 1854
Free Soil Party 1848 1855
Anti-Nebraska Party 1854 1854
American Party Know Nothings 1854 1858
Opposition Party 1854 1858
Constitutional Union Party 1860 1860
Unconditional Union Party 1861 1866
National Union Party 1864 1868
Radical Democracy Party 1864 1864
Readjuster Party 1870 1885
People's Party (Utah) 1870 1891
Liberal Party 1870 1893
Liberal Republican Party 1872 1872
Greenback Party 1874 1884
Socialist Labor Party of America Workingmen's Party of the United States 1876 2011
Anti-Monopoly Party 1884 1884
People's Party Populist Party 1887 1908
Silver Party 1892 1902
National Democratic Party Gold Democrats 1896 1900
Silver Republican Party 1896 1900
Social Democracy of America 1897 1900
Social Democratic Party 1898 1901
Home Rule Party of Hawaii 1900 1912
Socialist Party of America 1901 1972
Independence Party Independence League 1906 1914
Progressive Party 1912 Bull Moose Party 1912 1920
National Woman's Party 1913 1930
Nonpartisan League 1915 1956
Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party 1918 1944
Labor Party of the United States 1919 1920
Farmer–Labor Party 1920 1936
Proletarian Party of America 1920 1971
Puerto Rican Nationalist Party 1922 1965
Progressive Party 1924 1924 1924
Communist League of America 1928 1934
American Workers Party 1933 1934
Workers Party of the United States 1934 1938
Union Party 1936 1936
American Labor Party 1936 1956
America First Party 1944 1996
States' Rights Democratic Party Dixiecrats 1948 1948
Progressive Party 1948 1948 1955
Progressive Democratic Party 1944 1948
Constitution Party 1952 1968?
Puerto Rican Socialist Party 1959 1993
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party 1964 1964
Black Panther Party 1966 1982
Patriot Party 1960 1980
Youth International Party Yippies 1967 1967
Marxist–Leninist Party, USA 1967 1993
Communist Workers Party 1969 1985
American Party 1969 2008
Raza Unida Party 1970 2012
People's Party 1971 1976
League for the Revolutionary Party Revolutionary Socialist League (U.S.) 1972 1989
New Union Party 1974 2005
U.S. Labor Party 1975 1979
Concerned Citizens Party 1975 1992
International Socialist Organization 1977 2019
Citizens Party 1979 1984
New Alliance Party 1979 1992
Labor-Farm Party of Wisconsin 1982 1987
Populist Party (United States, 1984) 1984 1994
Looking Back Party 1984 1996
Illinois Solidarity Party 1986 2007
Republican Moderate Party of Alaska 1986 2011
Independent Party of Utah 1988 1996
A Connecticut Party 1990 1995
Greens/Green Party USA Green Committees of Correspondence 1991 2019
New Party 1992 1998
New Jersey Conservative Party 1992 2009
Labor Party 1996 2007
Marijuana Reform Party 1998 2002
Southern Party 1999 2003
Christian Freedom Party 2004 2004
Personal Choice Party 2004 2006
Moderate Party 2005 2008
Florida Whig Party 2006 2012
Boston Tea Party 2006 2012
Connecticut for Lieberman 2006 2013
Independence Party of America 2007 2013
Modern Whig Party 2007 2018
Taxpayers Party of New York 2010 2011
Freedom Party of New York 2010 2011
Traditionalist Worker Party 2013 2018

Non-electoral organizations[edit]

These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.

Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
American Nazi party (remnants) 1959 World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists
National Socialist White People's Party
American Party of Labor 2008
Black Riders Liberation Party 1996[45]
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism 1991
Communist Party USA 1919[46]
Democratic Socialists of America 1982 Formerly Socialist International, not a member as of August 2017.
Freedom Road Socialist Organization 1985 International Communist Seminar
Internationalist Group 1996 League for the Fourth International
Liberation Road 1985 Freedom Road Socialist Organization
National Socialist Movement 1974 American Nazi Party World Union of National Socialists
New Black Panther Party 1989
News and Letters Committees 1955
Our Revolution 2016
Progressive Labor Party 1961 Progressive Labor Movement
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA 1975 Revolutionary Union
Social Democrats, USA 1972
Solidarity 1986
Spartacist League 1966 International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
World Socialist Party of the United States 1916 Socialist Party of the United States
Socialist Educational Society
Workers' Socialist Party
World Socialist Movement

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Additionally, two of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Republican Party.[7]
  2. ^ Additionally, the two independent Senators both caucus with the Democratic Party.[4]
  3. ^ Additionally, four of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Democratic Party.[7]
Footnotes
  1. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2020 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  2. ^ "2016 Electoral College Results". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Official 2016 Presidential General Election Results" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. January 30, 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 18, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Senate: Party Division". United States Senate. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Party Breakdown". House Press Gallery. House Press Gallery. 29 November 2018. Archived from the original on 14 March 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e "State Partisan Composition". National Conference of State Legislatures. April 1, 2019. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Directory of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  8. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2020 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  9. ^ Martin, Douglas (November 22, 2010). "David Nolan, 66, Is Dead; Started Libertarian Party". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  10. ^ Segal, Cheryl (May 27, 2016). "5 things the Libertarian Party stands for". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  11. ^ Mark P. Jones, ed. (2020). Voting and Political Representation in America: Issues and Trends [2 volumes]. Mark P. Jones. p. 202. The Vermont Progressive Party is a competitive third party that currently provides a visible democratic socialist presence in the state's politics.
  12. ^ "Meet the Working Families Party, Whose Ballot Line is in Play in New York". Prospect.org. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  13. ^ "Green Party Founding". www.c-span.org. C-SPAN. July 30, 2001. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  14. ^ Chiusano, Mark (February 1, 2019). "End of a Long era for NY Conservatives". Newsday. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  15. ^ Kleefeld, Eric (July 26, 2010). "Tancredo's New Home In The Constitution Party: A Religious, Paleoconservative Group Without Much Electoral Success". Talking Points Memo. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  16. ^ a b c Feinauer, J.J. (January 16, 2014). "Want to support a third party? Here are your options". Deseret News. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  17. ^ "'No separate destiny for US workers apart from the workers of the world'". International Communist Press. October 1, 2018. Archived from the original on February 16, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  18. ^ "Meet the SWP candidates: Alyson Kennedy & Malcolm Jarrett". The Militant. February 10, 2020. Retrieved August 4, 2002.
  19. ^ Lopez, German (October 28, 2020). "There's a Prohibition Party candidate running for president in 2016". Vox. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  20. ^ Young, Jeremy Au (February 26, 2016). "Is socialism now acceptable in the US?". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  21. ^ Thomas, Jeff (February 6, 1996). "Natural Law Party advocates meditation as way to peace". Colorado Springs Gazette - Telegraph. p. B.2.
  22. ^ a b Cimmino, Jeff (August 7, 2017). "The American Solidarity Party Charts Its Own Path". National Review. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  23. ^ "Socialist Equality Party Raises its U.S. Profile: With a History as Left Wreckers and a 19th Century Program, a Group to Beware of". Socialism.com. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  24. ^ Istvan, Zoltan; C, ContributorLibertarian; Wager, idate for California Governor 2018; Creator of Immortality Bus; Author of bestselling Philosophy novel The Transhumanist (2014-10-08). "Should a Transhumanist Run for US President?". HuffPost. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  25. ^ Green, John C.; Rozell, Mark J.; Wilcox, Clyde (2003). The Christian Right in American Politics: Marching to the Millennium. Georgetown University Press. p. 245. ISBN 978-1-58901-429-9.
  26. ^ Hershey, Marjorie Randon (2017). Party Politics in America. Taylor & Francis. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-134-83666-6.
  27. ^ Day, Alan John (2002). Political Parties of the World. John Harper. p. 508. ISBN 978-0-9536278-7-5.
  28. ^ Winger, Richard (May 6, 2019). "Minnesota Independence Party Becomes State Affiliate of the Alliance Party". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  29. ^ a b "American Freedom Party". Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on May 11, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  30. ^ Cunningham, Geoff (March 13, 2010). "Rye man wants third party on ballots". Seacoast Media Group.
  31. ^ Cunningham, Geoff (March 13, 2010). "Rye man wants third party on ballots". Seacoast Media Group.
  32. ^ Love, Barbara J. (2006). Feminists Who Changed America, 1963-1975. University of Illinois Press. p. 158.
  33. ^ "Presidential Hopefuls Meet in Third Party Debate". PBS NewsHour Extra.
  34. ^ Eli, Milchman (June 20, 2006). "The Pirates Hold a Party". Wired Magazine. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
  35. ^ Walker, Hunter (September 17, 2014). "American Separatists Are Thrilled About Scotland And Think It Will Lead To A 'Paradigm Shift'". Business Insider. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  36. ^ Finnegan, By Michael (September 3, 2008). "Sarah Palin's ties to Alaskan Independence Party are played down". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  37. ^ Featherly, Kevin (August 3, 2018). "Weed backer hopes to smoke competition in AG race". Minnesota Lawyer. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  38. ^ Fois, Bob (March 8, 2006). "Revisionist Politics". News Copy. Archived from the original on April 10, 2008 – via Wayback machine.
  39. ^ Maximova, Alexandra (2006). "Losing Ballot Access – And Getting it Back!" (PDF). Oregon Socialist. Retrieved 2006-12-19.
  40. ^ "Moderate Party | Rhode Island | onPolitix". 2012-11-12. Archived from the original on 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  41. ^ "New centrist party forms in Utah to attract disaffected Republicans, Democrats". The Salt Lake Tribune. May 22, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  42. ^ Luce, Stephanie (July 28, 2017). "What Happens If We Win?". Jacobin.
  43. ^ "Unity Party Reaches Minor-Party Status in Colorado". Westword. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  44. ^ "Black Riders show resistance is possible". Workers World Party. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  45. ^ Barrett, James R. (January 24, 2018). "Communist Party USA, 1919 to 1957". Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199329175.013.331. Retrieved May 13, 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]