List of political self-immolations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of notable people who committed suicide by setting themselves on fire for political reasons. Non-political self-immolations are not included in the list. Self-immolation was a relatively common protest tactic among Buddhists in South Vietnam, anti-communists in Czechoslovakia during the mid 20th century and continues to be used by Tibetans protesting rule of Tibet by China[1] and Crimean Tatars protesting forced deportation from their land.[2]


Before 1900[edit]

Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
396 Fayu 45 Later Qin (today  China) Earliest recorded Chinese self-immolation.
577 Five unnamed Buddhist monks Northern Zhou (today  China) Persecution of Buddhism by Emperor Wu
1780 Kuyili (First suicide bomber) Sivaganga (today  India) Against the East India Company She applied ghee, self-immolated, and jumped into the armoury of the enemy, securing victory for Velu Nachiyar


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
1948 Kuo-shun  China Persecution of Buddhists and destruction of sacred objects by the government of Mao Zedong Buddhist monk from Vietnam.[3] In the city of Harbin, he sat in the lotus position on a pile of sawdust and soybean oil and self-immolated.[4][5]


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
December 8, 1959 Poh Kwong  Thailand Loss of money intended to build a new hospital, was possibly swindled through government corruption Buddhist monk from China. In the city of Bangkok, he sat on a five-foot pyre and attempted to self-immolate before being stopped by police.[3][6]


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
June 11, 1963 Thích Quảng Đức 66  South Vietnam Persecution of Buddhists by the government of Ngô Đình Diệm Led to several other monks and nuns committing the same act before Diệm was toppled. The photo, photographed by Malcolm Browne, became well-associated with his political protest.
August 4, 1963 Thích Nguyen Huong 20s Buddhist monk. Self-immolated in the town center of Phan Thiết. Government soldiers removed his body before other monks could recover it.[7]
August 13, 1963 Thích Thanh Tucd 17 Buddhist novice monk.[7]
August 15, 1963 Diet Quảng Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the courtyard of Từ Đàm Pagoda in Huế.[7]
August 16, 1963 Thích Tieu 71 Buddhist monk. He soaked his robes in gasoline and self-immolated in the courtyard of Từ Đàm Pagoda in Huế. Before, he announced over the loudspeaker that he was going to commit suicide in demand for Buddhist rights. After his death (the third self-immolation in one week), the government declared martial law, sparking more Buddhist protests.[7]
October 27, 1963 Ho Dan Van 35–45 Buddhist monk. Dressed in civilian clothing, he was dropped off by a motorcyclist in front of a Roman Catholic cathedral in Saigon, where he squatted in a lotus-fashion, poured gasoline in his lap and struck a match.[8]
January 25, 1964 Kizappazuvur Chinnasamy 27  India Imposition of Hindi over the Tamil language Inspired 5 other self-immolations.[7][9]
1965 Keeranoor Muthu 21 Hotel worker[7]
January 26, 1965 Kodambakkam Sivalingam 21 Madras city government employee[7]
January 27, 1965 Virugambakkam Aranganathan 33 Worked in Madras for the Telephone Department.[7]
February 11, 1965 Ayampalayam Veerappan 26 School headmaster[7]
February 1965 Satyamangalam Muthu 21 Farmer[7]
March 1965 Mayavaram Sarangapani 20 Student[7]
March 16, 1965 Alice Herz 82  United States Vietnam War Women Strike for Peace member. Self-immolated on a street corner in Detroit, Michigan.[7]
July 23, 1965 Huh Jik 62  South Korea Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea Worked for a minor political party. Self-immolated on the steps of the Seoul Capitol.[7]
October 12, 1965 Hiroko Hayasaki 36  United States Vietnam War Japanese American Buddhist. Self-immolated in San Diego, California.[7]
November 2, 1965 Norman Morrison 31 Quaker from Baltimore.[7] Committed act below Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara's Pentagon office in front of his one-year-old daughter.[10]
November 9, 1965 Roger Allen LaPorte 22 Catholic Worker. Self-immolated in front of the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York City.[11]
November 9, 1965 Celene Jankowski 24 Mother whose three-month-old baby girl died in October 1965. Her brother had also died in the Korean War. Self-immolated in front of her home in South Bend, Indiana.[7]
May 28, 1966 Thích Nữ Thanh Quảng 55  South Vietnam Government of Nguyễn Cao Kỳ and United States support of the regime (Buddhist Uprising) Buddhist nun.[7][12]
May 28, 1966 Ho Thi Thieu 58 Buddhist laywoman. Self-immolated in pagoda in Saigon. Thousands were present, and monks covered her body with a Buddhist flag.[7][12]
May 28, 1966 Thích Nữ Vinh Ngoc 19 Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in Huế.[7][13]
May 29, 1966 Name missing Buddhist monk self-immolated in Da Lat.[12]
May 31, 1966 Nguyen Thi Van 17 Buddhist laywoman. Self-immolated outside a pagoda in Huế.[7][13]
May 31, 1966 Name missing Buddhist[13]
May 31, 1966 Name missing Buddhist[13]
June 4, 1966 Thích Nữ Dien Dinh 26 Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the courtyard of a small pagoda in Da Nang.[7][13]
June 4, 1966 Thích Nữ Bao Luan 24 Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the same location as Thích Du Dien Dinh in Da Nang.[7][13]
June 4, 1966 Thích Dieu Nữ Tri Buddhist nun. Self-immolated in the same location as Thích Du Dien Dinh in Da Nang.[7][13]
June 4, 1966 Name missing Novice Buddhist monk. Self-immolated in Quảng Trị[13]
June 17, 1966 Woman; name missing [7]
July 12, 1966 Liangqing 70  China Destruction of the Famen Temple Buddhist monk[14]
May 16, 1967 Nhất Chi Mai 34  South Vietnam Vietnam War Buddhist nun[7][15]
October 3, 1967 Thích Nữ Tri 1967 South Vietnamese presidential election Buddhist nun[7][16]
October 8, 1967 Woman; name missing
October 15, 1967 Florence Beaumont 55  United States Vietnam War [17]
October 22, 1967 Thích Nữ Hue  South Vietnam 1967 South Vietnamese presidential election Buddhist nun[7][16]
November 1, 1967 Thích Nữ Thuong
November 12, 1967 Yui Chunoshin [eo] 73  Japan Vietnam War Esperantist[18][19][20]
December 4, 1967 Erik Thoen 27  United States Zen Buddhist. Self-immolated in Sunnyvale, California.[7]
March 19, 1968 Ronald Brazee 16 Student. Died 5 weeks later.[21]
September 8, 1968 Ryszard Siwiec 59  Poland Poland's participation in Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Died 4 days later.
November 5, 1968 Vasyl Makukh 40  Soviet Union Soviet rule in Ukraine Self-immolated on Khreshchatyk, Kiev's main street, while shouting "Colonialism out of Ukraine!" and "Long live a free Ukraine!"[22]
January 16, 1969 Jan Palach 20  Czechoslovakia Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Student. Inspired other self-immolations in Soviet satellite states.
January 20, 1969 Sándor Bauer 17  Hungary Communist rule in Hungary and Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Apprentice[7][23]
January 20, 1969 Josef Hlavatý 25  Czechoslovakia Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Blue-collar worker. Self-immolated in Plzeň. Died 5 days later.[7][24]
January 22, 1969 Miroslav Malinka Blue-collar worker. Referenced Jan Palach. Self-immolated in Brno.[7][24]
January 26, 1969 Jan Bereš 16 Apprentice. Referenced Jan Palach. Self-immolated in Cheb.[24]
February 10, 1969 Mykola Bereslavsky 45  Soviet Union Soviet rule in Ukraine [7]
February 25, 1969 Jan Zajíc 19  Czechoslovakia Communist rule in Czechoslovakia Student
April 2, 1969 Evžen Plocek 39 Businessman
April 9, 1969 Eliyahu Rips 20  Soviet Union Survived. Later became professor of mathematics
May 30, 1969 Bruce Mayrock 20  United States Genocide against Biafra in the Nigerian Civil War Columbia University student. Died several hours later.


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
February 13, 1970 Márton Moyses 28  Romania Communist rule in Romania [7]
May 6, 1970 Robert Rex Vice 27  United States Vietnam War and Kent State Shootings Non-student protester at Wabash College demonstration.[25] Died later in hospital. [1][2]
May 10, 1970 George Winne Jr. 23  United States Vietnam War Student at the University of California, San Diego. Died the following day.[26]
June 4, 1970 Thích Nữ Lien Tap 24  South Vietnam Buddhist nun[7][16]
September 19, 1970 Kostas Georgakis 22  Greece Military rule in Greece Student at the University of Genoa
September 19, 1970 Joseba Elosegi 54  Spain Bombing of Guernica in 1937. Independence of the Basque Country. Survived[7]
November 13, 1970 Jeon Tae-il 22  South Korea Labor conditions and the government's opposition to reform [7]
May 1971 Nguyen Thi Co  South Vietnam Vietnam War Buddhist nun[7][16]
Thích Nữ Tinh Nhuan
August 16, 1971 Man; name missing Vietnam War veteran[7]
Nguyen Minh Dang 37 Vietnam War veteran[7]
October 1971 Thích Nữ Tinh Cuong Buddhist nun[7][16]
1972 Thích Nữ Dien Han Buddhist nun[7][16]
May 14, 1972 Romas Kalanta 19  Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania Inspired largest post-war riots in occupied Lithuania and the USSR and 13 other self-immolations
May 29, 1972 V. Stonys 24 Self-immolated in Varėna.[7]
June 6, 1972 Huguette Gaulin 28  Canada [27]
1974 Thích Nữ Du Dieu  South Vietnam Vietnam War Buddhist nun[7][16]
August 10, 1976 Antanas Kalinauskas 19  Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania In Soviet Army barracks in Gulbene, Latvia. Died the following day.
August 22, 1976 Oskar Brüsewitz 47  East Germany Communist rule in East Germany Lutheran pastor
February 10, 1977 Alain Escoffier 27  France Communism Member of the Party of New Forces, a neo-fascist political party.
November 16, 1977 Hartmut Gründler 37  West Germany Atomic policy
January 21, 1978 Oleksa Hirnyk 65  Soviet Union Communist rule in Ukraine
February 8, 1978 Erika Ruppert 24  West Germany Political protest Ruppert and Helmut Kleinknecht wrote a letter a day before their act in which they explained the reasoning behind their decision, and their affiliation with Ananda Marga. The next morning, she and Kleinknecht doused themselves with gasoline and self-immolated at the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin.[28][29]
February 8, 1978 Helmut Kleinknecht 28  West Germany Political protest Self-immolated along with Erika Ruppert at the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin.[30][31]
June 14, 1978 Elizabeth Weniger 25  Philippines Political protest Swiss-born Elizabeth Weniger self-immolated at Rizal Park in Manila after distributing leaflets explaining her reasons.[32][33][34]
June 23, 1978 Musa Mamut 46  Soviet Union Discrimination against Crimean Tatars in the Soviet residence permit system, which prohibited nearly all Crimean Tatars who were deported in 1944 from returning to their place of birth Mamut was born and raised Crimea until the NKVD deported all Crimean Tatars to Central Asia in May 1944. He returned to Crimea in 1975 and was later arrested and charged for not having a residence permit to live there, despite being born in the peninsula; the residence permit system was designed to prevent exiled Crimean Tatars from returning to their homeland. Then police came to arrest him on 23 June 1978 Mamut self-immolated rather than being deported again and died 5 days later.[35]
October 3, 1978 Lynette Phillips 24   Switzerland Social protest Lynette Phillips had previously planned to self-immolate outside the British Houses of Parliament in London, but upon receiving word of this, British authorities deported her. She changed her plan and decided to self-immolate outside the United Nations headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. She protested against "inhumanity, injustice and irrationality prevalent in our society". She died at the scene.[36]


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
March 21, 1980 Walenty Badylak 76  Poland Katyn massacre Home Army veteran self-immolated chained to a well in the Main Square, Kraków.[37][38]
March 21, 1981 Per-Axel Arosenius 60  Sweden Taxes
May 18, 1982 Mahmut Zengin Ferhat Kurtay

Eşref Anyık

Necmi Öner

 Turkey Detention conditions in Prison The four were members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party protesting the detention conditions in the Diyarbakır prison after the coup d'état in 1980.[39]
May 26, 1982 Semra Ertan 25  West Germany Racism towards Turkish workers in Germany Writer and poet.[40]
August 10, 1982 Artin Penik 61  Turkey ASALA attack at Esenboğa International Airport
November 2, 1983 Sebastián Acevedo  Chile Kidnapping of his children by the Chilean police during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet [41]
March 2, 1989 Liviu Cornel Babeş 47  Romania Communist rule in Romania Self-immolated on ski slope. Died 2 hours later.[42]
March 2, 1989 Vytautas Vičiulis 37  Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania
March 24, 1989 Kailash Pawar  India To draw attention to plight of Bhopal gas victims and protest public indifference Original story published in The Hindu, March 26, 1990.[43]
April 7, 1989 Cheng Nan-jung 41  Taiwan For freedom of speech and Taiwan independence
May 19, 1989 Chan I-hua 32 During funeral procession of Cheng Nan-jung.[44]
October 24, 1989 Shavkat Yarullin 40  Soviet Union In protest of exile and mistreatment of Crimean Tatars by the government Self-immolated in front of a government building. Died several hours later.[45]
December 14, 1989 Seidamet Balji In protest of exile and mistreatment of Crimean Tatars by the government While being forced to leave Yalta he doused himself with gasoline and self-immolated. Survived after being extinguished, but said he would do it again if he had to live in exile for longer.[45]


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
March 21, 1990 Zekiye Alkan  Turkey Ban of Newroz celebrations Medical student who self-immolated on Newroz.[46][47]
April 26, 1990 Stanislovas Žemaitis 52  Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania Protesting Soviet economic blockade of Lithuania. Died the following day in Moscow hospital.
April 29, 1990 Sunghee Park 19  South Korea Political situation in South Korea Self-immolated during students' protest against the South Korean regime. Died May 19, 1991.
May 9, 1990 Rimantas Daugintis 55  Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania Lithuanian sculptor self-immolated on Hungarian–Soviet border. Died a few days later.
September 19, 1990 Rajiv Goswami 19  India Reservation in India Survived[48]
October 14, 1990 Thanawut Klingchuea 20  Thailand Government of Chatichai Choonhavan Ramkhamhaeng University student[49]
February 18, 1991 Gregory Levey 30  United States Gulf War Took place in Amherst Common, Massachusetts.[50]
September 21, 1991 Giorgi Abesadze 35  Georgia Looming civil war in Georgia Physician[51]
March 21, 1992 Rahşan Demirel  Turkey Treatment of Kurds by Turkey She self-immolated on Newroz.[47]
April 6, 1993 Binh Gia Pham 43  United States Persecution of Buddhists in Vietnam Binh Gia Pham had five friends tape his self-immolation outside Boston. Died at the scene.[52] [53]
April 29, 1993 Graham Bamford 48  United Kingdom War in Bosnia and Herzegovina 'The British army must not be a guard of honour at a mass funeral. Bosnian babies, children, and womenfolk are waiting for the politicians to do what they know they should – give them military protection.'[54]
February 21, 1994 Homa Darabi 54  Iran Legal obligation under the Islamic Criminal Code (Art. 139) for women to wear the headscarf in public[55] Pediatrician, political activist. Died the following day
March 21, 1994 Nilgün Yıldırım and Bedriye Taş  Germany Repression of Kurdish identity and traditions They immolated themselves on Newroz, an important festivity for the Kurds[47]
April 25, 1995 Reinhold Elstner [de] 75 "Slander and demonization" of German soldiers after World War II Wehrmacht veteran. Died in a Munich hospital 12 hours later.
September 3, 1995 Sabine Kratze 25  Vietnam Trial of six Buddhist monks
October 22, 1996 Kathy Change 46  United States For directly democratic community-based self-government
January 13, 1998 Alfredo Ormando 39  Italy Roman Catholic Church's condemnation of homosexuality
April 27, 1998 Thupten Ngodup 60  India Political situation in Tibet Ex-monk. In protest of police interference with unto-death hunger-strike in Delhi. Died 2 days later in hospital after visit by the Dalai Lama.[56][57][58]
February 16, 1999 Necla Coşkun 14  United Kingdom Arrest of Abdullah Öcalan Survived[59][60]
February 1999 Zülkuf Yilmaz   Switzerland Arrest of Abdullah Öcalan Survived[61]


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
January 21, 2001 various  China See Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident [62]
April 2, 2001 Shahraz Kayani 48  Australia Government refusal to grant entry to his wife and daughters Pakistani refugee[63]
November 15, 2002 Milos Redzepovic 34  Germany Planned deportation of his family to Serbia Doused himself in gasoline and self-immolated inside the town hall of Syke. Died the following day.[64]
March 6, 2003 Zdeněk Adamec 19  Czech Republic Iraq War Self-immolated in Prague. Died at the scene.[65][66]
June 23, 2003 Neda Hassani 26  United Kingdom Raid on and arrest of members of the People's Mujahedin of Iran Self-immolated in front of the French embassy in London. Died at the scene. There were at least 4 other self-immolations protesting the same.[67]
July 21, 2004 Mordehai (Hamimo) Cohen 30  Israel Rejection of work license Self-immolated during a City Hall assembly[68]
October 5, 2004 Maggy Mufu Delvaux 44  Luxembourg Protest against institutionalized racism Self-immolated in a public place[69] Money problems resulting from the Luxembourgish government denying her family the authorisation to open a garage despite meeting all the legal requirements and suing the State for discrimination have driven the woman to desperately plead her case publicly after writing an open letter to the Prime Minister warning him of what she was about to do. However no help was sent to her to prevent her immolation.[70]
August 17, 2005 Yelena Businov 54  Israel Protest against the Israeli disengagement from Gaza [71]
August 31, 2005 Baruch Ben Menahem 21 [72]
March 28, 2006 Eleftheria Fourtoulaki  Greece Treatment of Kurds in Turkey [73]
June 11, 2006 Pravin Joshi 30  India Screening of Fanaa Died 9 days later.[74]
October 31, 2006 Roland Weisselberg 73  Germany Spread of Islam Former Lutheran pastor self-immolated in a former monastery in Erfurt. Died the following day.[75]
November 3, 2006 Malachi Ritscher 52  United States War in Iraq Died at the scene.[76]
November 23, 2006 Lhakpa Tsering 23  India Political situation in Tibet Survived.
March 7, 2007 Uddhav Bhandari 40  United Kingdom Asylum policy Nepali asylum seeker[77]
April 1, 2007 Heo Se-uk 54  South Korea South Korea – United States Free Trade Agreement [78]
October 1, 2008 Ramiro Guillén Tapia 65  Mexico Local government in the city of Xalapa [79]
January 29, 2009 Kumar Muthukumar 26  India Killing of the Sri Lankan Tamils Inspired several other self-immolations[80]
February 12, 2009 Murugathasan Varnakulasingham 26   Switzerland Killing of the Sri Lankan Tamils Inspired several other self-immolations[81]
February 27, 2009 Tapey mid-20s  China Political situation in Tibet Monk, Kirti Monastery, Ngaba. Shot[82] by Chinese police while on fire, and then taken away by them. Current status unknown.[82]
November 13, 2009 Tang Fu-zhen 47 Forced demolition of her home Died 16 days later.[83]
December 3, 2009 Kasoju Srikanth Chary 24  India For statehood of Telangana Died the following day.[84]


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
February 20, 2010 Siripur Yadaiah 19  India For statehood of Telangana Student. Self immolated at the main gate of Osmania University, Hyderabad. Died the next day in hospital.[85][86]
July 31, 2010 Eshan Reddy 20s Student. Self-immolated as an offering for a deity for the cause of statehood.[87]
September 10, 2010 Ye Zhongcheng 79  China Forced demolition of their home Zhongcheng self-immolated with two family members and died on September 18.[88]
December 17, 2010 Tarek el-Tayeb Mohamed Bouazizi 26  Tunisia Corruption in government Inspired the Tunisian revolution leading to ouster of President Ben Ali and further revolutions of the Arab Spring. Died January 4, 2011.[89]
January 16, 2011 Venugopala Reddy 20s  India For statehood of Telangana MCA student immolated himself near his university auditorium,died on the spot.[90]
January 16, 2011 Mohsen Bouterfif  Algeria Unemployment and housing Inspired by Bouazizi's self-immolation in Tunisia.[91]
January 16, 2011 Bhavani 18  India For statehood of Telangana [92]
January 17, 2011 Yacoub Ould Dahoud 43  Mauritania Political situation in Mauritania [93]
January 23, 2011 Unnamed man 60s  Saudi Arabia Political situation in Saudi Arabia [94]
February 21, 2011 Mustafa 40  India For statehood of Telangana [95]
March 16, 2011 Rigzin Phuntsog 21  China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Beaten by police before they extinguished the flames. Died in hospital.[96][97][98]
June 15, 2011 Thomas James Ball 58  United States Father's rights and family court injustice Self immolated on the steps of a family courthouse in New Hampshire. Died on the spot.[99]
August 15, 2011 Tsewang Norbu 29  China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Nyitso monastery in Kham Tawu. In Tawu. Died soon afterwards.[96][98][100]
August 28, 2011 Senkodi 27  India Convictions in the Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi case A Tamil woman immolated herself in front of a tahsil office at Kanchipuram to protest death sentences of A. G. Perarivalan, V. Sriharan (alias Murugan), and T. Suthendraraja (alias Santhan). She died the same day.[101]
September 16, 2011 Apostolos Polyzonis 55  Greece European sovereign-debt crisis Self-immolated in front of a bank in Thessaloniki.[102]
September 23, 2011 Andrzej Żydek 49  Poland Opposition to the Civic Platform government Occurred in front of the Chancellery of the Prime Minister of Poland. A letter to Donald Tusk was found attached to a bench in the park.[103][104]
March 17, 2012 Sonam Thargyal (Dargye, Dhargay) 44 Farmer in Rebkong, Amdo. Died on the spot.[105][106]
March 24, 2012 L Bhoja Naik 21  India For statehood of Telangana MBA student self-immolated in front of his college. Died on the spot.[107]
March 26, 2012 Jamphel Yeshi 27 Political situation in Tibet Layperson in Delhi. Died 2 days later in hospital.[108][109]
March 26, 2012 Rajmouli 40 For statehood of Telangana [110][111]
March 26, 2012 B.R. Goud n/a [110]
March 27, 2012 Pallavi 17 Died later in hospital.[112]
March 27, 2012 Kalakanchi Ilaiah 30 Scrap dealer.[113]
March 28, 2012 K Uppalaiah 30 [114]
March 28, 2012 Lobsang Sherab 20  China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery.[115] In Ngaba, Amdo. Died on the spot.[116][117]
March 28, 2012 Sripuram Srikanth 23  India For statehood of Telangana Died on March 30 at the Osmania General Hospital.[118]
March 30, 2012 Tenpa Dhargyal (Darjey) 22  China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Tsodun monastery, Barkham, Amdo. Forcibly removed to hospital by Chinese security forces. Current status unknown.[119][120]
March 30, 2012 Chimey Palden (Chime) 21 Monk of Tsodun monastery, Barkham, Amdo. Forcibly removed to hospital by Chinese security forces.[120][121] Died later that day around midnight.[122]
March 30, 2012 Shyamapuri Shankar 24  India For statehood of Telangana [123]
March 30, 2012 Bandavath Suresh 25 For statehood of Telangana Suffered 50% burns.[124]
July 14, 2012 Moshe Silman 57  Israel Social justice march in Tel Aviv Social justice activist, suffered 90% burns.[125] Died July 20 in hospital.[126]
July 16, 2012 Zion Vaknin[127] 46 Social injustice protest At Beersheba's city hall, in protest of debts.[128]
July 18, 2012 Valentina Gerasimovna 57  Russia A woman attempted to self-immolate at the public reception center of the ruling United Russia party in Novosibirsk. Earlier, she addressed the party's public reception center for legal advice as an apartment buyer.[129][130] Died in a hospital.[131]
July 20, 2012 Akiva Mafi 45  Israel Social injustice protest Akiva Mafi[132] (45) Disabled IDF veteran sets himself on fire in Yehud, on behalf of wounded veterans.[133][134] Died August 1, 2012.[135] New agency established to prevent more cases.
July 30, 2012 Đặng Thị Kim Liêng 64  Vietnam Against 2011 crackdown on Vietnamese youth activists[136] Tạ Phong Tần's mother. Self-immolated in the early morning. Died en route to the hospital.[137]
February 18, 2013 Trayan Marechkov 26  Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Died on the spot, at a central crossroads, in front of the central office of a private bank in Veliko Tarnovo.[138][139]
February 20, 2013 Plamen Goranov 36  Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests against the Borisov cabinet Protested corruption and monopolies,[140] and demanded the resignation of Varna's mayor Kiril Yordanov and the Municipal Council.[141] Mountain climber and photographer. Set himself alight in front of the Varna municipality. Died 11 days later in hospital.[142][143]
February 26, 2013 Ventzislav Vasilev 53  Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Father of five.[144] Set himself on fire in Radnevo. Died in hospital two weeks later.
March 13, 2013 Dimitar Dimitrov 51  Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Set himself on fire in front of the Presidential Palace in Sofia. Hospitalized with life-threatening injuries.[145][146]
March 20, 2013 Todor Yovchev 40  Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Died on March 22[147]
May 24, 2013 Bowatte Indarathana 30  Sri Lanka Against the slaughtering of cattle and forced conversion of Buddhists to other religions in Sri Lanka[148]
June 12, 2013 Andrzej Filipiak 56  Poland Unemployed receiving no help from the state Occurred across the street from the Chancellery of the Prime Minister of Poland[149][150][151]
June 20, 2014 Thu Hoang 71  United States In apparent response to the Hai Yang Shi You 981 standoff Apparent protest by a Vietnamese man of a Chinese state-owned oil rig being placed into waters contested by Vietnam in the South China Sea[152]
June 23, 2014 Charles R. Moore 79 Social injustice[153] Set himself alight in a strip mall parking lot, died upon arrival at hospital.
March 14, 2015 Younes Asakere 34  Iran Discrimination of Ahwazi Arabs Self-immolated after local authorities confiscated his vendor stall in Khorramshahr. Died on March 22.[154] Inspired a mass protest which resulted in arrests of some 1,000 people and further self-immolations.[155]
August 12, 2015 Choi Yeon-yeol 80  South Korea Japanese colonization of Korea and military conduct during World War II[156] Set himself on fire in a flower bed near the Japanese embassy in Seoul during an anti-Japan protest by "comfort women" (survivors of World War II Japanese military brothels). Injuries sustained were not life-threatening. Condition Pending.[157]
October 18, 2015 Khodayar Amini 30  Australia Australian refugee policy Self-immolated in Melbourne during a video call to his advocates.[158]
October 24, 2015 Erlan Bektibaev 20  Kazakhstan Social injustice Doused himself with gasoline and set himself on fire on October 24 in front of the Taraz headquarters of the ruling Nur Otan party in Taraz. Bektibayev was rushed to hospital, but later died of his burns.
February 28, 2016 Dorjee Tsering 16  India Political situation in Tibet Survived and recovered in a New Delhi hospital. American presidential candidate Hillary Clinton held up his photograph while speaking to a Tibetan advocacy group.[159]
March 19, 2016 Charles Ingram 51  United States Corruption at the United States Department of Veterans Affairs Military veteran walked nine miles to a military veteran hospital before self-immolated in the hospital's parking lot.[160]
April 27, 2016 Omid Masoumali 23  Nauru Australian refugee policy Iranian refugee self-immolated at an Australian refugee detention camp during a visit to the camp by representatives of a UNHCR fundraising arm (Australia for UNHCR) who told the refugees to expect to remain on Nauru for "another ten years".[161] After more than 24 hours without adequate medical attention he was airlifted by private contractor to Brisbane, Australia where he died on 29 April 2016 from his burns.[162]
May 2, 2016 Hodan Yasi 21 In an Australian refugee detention camp. Woman from Somalia (variously referred to as Hadon/Hodan and Yasin/Yasi) was airlifted from Nauru to Brisbane[163] but her condition as at late May 2016 is shrouded in secrecy. It seems she may still be alive, since her death would have to be reported under Queensland Law and an inquest into her death held as she would be deemed to be a "Death in Custody" had she died.[citation needed]
May 19, 2017[citation needed] Unknown[citation needed] 54[citation needed]  Germany Islamization of Germany Died in hospital. Police said the man had scrawled slogans on his car along the lines of "Never again war on German soil" and "Amri is only the tip of the iceberg" — a reference to Anis Amri, the Tunisian who attacked a Christmas market in Berlin and whom authorities had previously been unable to deport.[164]
July 15, 2017 Tenzin Choeying 20  India Political situation in Tibet Suffered 50% burns. Died nine days later from his injuries.[165]
July 29, 2017 Pasang Dhondup 49 Died in Dharamshala[166]
September 21, 2017 Zdenek Hanzlik 60  New Zealand Family Court Injustices Zdenek "Sid" Hanzlik, died in Wellington Hospital after setting himself on fire outside Parliament protesting against 'perceived injustices' in the Family Court [167]
October 19, 2017 Piotr Szczęsny 54  Poland Rule of Law and Justice political party Leaflets[168][169] were strewn around him on the ground outside of the Palace of Culture and Science, and a speaker was broadcasting a song by a 1990s Polish rock band titled "I love freedom".[170][171][172]
January 15, 2018 Dmitry Rudov 39  Russia Corruption of government After being sacked from Gazprom's subsidiary and unsuccessfully appealing to President Putin, he set himself on fire in front of Ishimbay's City Hall in Bashkortostan. Died in hospital the next day.[173]
April 14, 2018 David Buckel 60  United States Environmental pollution

Buckel was involved in environmental causes, which he alluded to in a note sent to The New York Times as the reason he decided to end his life by self-immolation with fossil fuels.[174][175]

May 20, 2018 Fathi Harb 20  Palestine Economic situation in Gaza Died on May 23.[176][177]
June 20, 2018 Chloe Sagal 31  United States Homelessness and mental health issues Several days after threatening self-harm with a machete, Sagal walked into a downtown Oregon Park, read a statement regarding homelessness and mental health before covering herself with fluid and setting herself alight.[178]
June 26, 2018 John Watts 58 Corruption at the United States Department of Veterans Affairs Military veteran self-immolated on the steps of the Georgia state Capitol to protest corruption at the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.[179]
August 3, 2018 Vatan Karabash 47–48 Crimea (disputed) Russian annexation of Crimea and repressions of the Crimean Tatars Karabash set himself on fire in public, declaring Russia policies to be lawless; he had previously expressed anger at plans for demolition of Crimean Tatar houses in Russian-annexed Crimea, which had been deemed "illegal" since they were built before deported Crimean Tatars were permitted to return. Bystanders put out the flames and the injuries were reported to be non-fatal.[180]
August 15, 2018 Unknown 50s  United Kingdom Homelessness A woman in her fifties (later identified under the pseudonym "Melanie Smith"), under threat of eviction and suffering from mental health issues set herself on fire at the housing office of Barnet London Borough Council. She died in intensive care several months later, with council employees reportedly having been ordered not to discuss the incident with journalists.[181][182]
September 19, 2018 Nicholas McCrary 29  United States Involuntary celibacy and mental health McCrary was a prolific YouTuber who had autism and whose videos were popular with "blackcels" (black incels). He also used the pseudonym Baraka Mckray, and accused black women of being "prejudiced" against autistic men such as himself.[183][184]
September 27, 2018 unknown  Germany Against the imprisonment of Abdullah Öcalan Self-immolated in Ingolstadt, as Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was to visit Germany.[185]
November 28, 2018 Mahsun Özen 21 Turkey Treatment of Kurds in Turkey Self-immolated on the anniversary of the Roboski airstrike in which 34 Kurds died[186]
January 18, 2019 Name missing 54  Czech Republic In memory of Jan Palach who burned himself to death in 1969, protesting the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia Suffered 30% burns after setting himself on fire at the central Wenceslas Square of Prague on the 50th anniversary of Jan Palach's death from his self-immolation protest against the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia. According to Czech authorities, "he said it was only a remembrance to Jan Palach".[187]
Februar 20, 2019 Name missing 43  Germany Against the imprisonment of Abdullah Öcalan Self-immolated in front of the Court in Krefeld, Germany[188]
May 29, 2019 Arnav Gupta 33  United States Unknown An Indian-origin resident of Bethesda, Maryland died in hospital that day after setting himself on fire near the White House in Washington, D.C. while wearing a USA T-shirt. The Washington Post described his actions as "an unmistakable protest, the loudest, most spectacular cry that people in pain can come up with."[189]
July 19, 2019 Unknown 70s  South Korea Unknown A man used 20 liters of fuel to set himself on fire in his car in the early morning outside the Japanese embassy in Seoul. He died several hours later in the hospital.[190]
September 9, 2019 Sahar Khodayari 29  Iran The right for women in Iran to attend a football match alongside men The Iranian female football fan died that day, one week after setting herself on fire outside an Iranian court, reportedly after learning she may have to serve a six-month sentence for trying to enter a football stadium (alongside men).[191]
September 10, 2019 Albert Razin 79  Russia The declining status and use of the Udmurt language in Russia. The scholar and activist set himself on fire outside the State Council building in Izhevsk, Udmurt Republic, as the regional government was considering passing a bill to reduce the status of the indigenous Udmurt language in the republic. Razin died the same day.[192][193]
October 23, 2019 unknown   Switzerland In protest of the Turkish invasion of Syria A Syrian Kurdish man set himself on fire in front of the seat of the UNHCR in Geneva.[194]
November 10, 2019 Anas K. 22  France Student living costs, anti-fascism A 22-year-old man enrolled at Lyon 2 University set himself on fire in front of a university restaurant in response to being unable to sustain himself on €450 a month. In a post on Facebook, he blamed Emmanuel Macron, François Hollande, Nicolas Sarkozy and the EU for having "killed" him, and also attacked Marine Le Pen and media figures for creating fear, also urging readers to "Fight against the rise of fascism which divides us, and against liberalism which creates inequalities". He was admitted to hospital with 90% burns over his body.[195][196]


Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
February 7, 2020 Adem Yarıcı 42  Turkey Unemployment in Turkey 42-year-old unemployed man, father of two, set himself on fire in front of Hatay governor's office. Witnesses said that he shouted "My kids are hungry!" before setting himself ablaze. He died on the same day. The governor claimed that Yarıcı divorced from his wife a while ago, had mental illness and attempt to self-immolate before.


June 16, 2020 unknown 48  Poland Unknown A 48-year-old man set himself on fire shortly after talking to journalists outside of the Sejm building in Warsaw, Poland.[200]
July 27, 2020 Arie den Dekker 54  Netherlands Murder witness, removed from family, turned homeless Den Dekker had witnessed a murder in 2018. Following this, his house was torched multiple times and he was put into a witness protection program. Unable to be with his family and having his pleas ignored by the municipality and the government, Den Dekker protested in front of Oss' city hall multiple times, throwing dead fish inside, dousing himself in cow feces and committing other acts of despair on multiple occasions. On July 27 he committed suicide by self-immolation in front of the city hall.[201]
August 3, 2020 Yavuz Polat 46  Turkey Economical issues A 47-year-old street vendor from Erzincan set himself on fire after the police wanted him to remove his corn stall. He died on August 27.[202][203]
August 4, 2020 Anastasia Niklas 24  Ukraine Unknown 24-year-old Anastasia Niklas lit herself on fire in Zaporizhia, Ukraine, outside a catholic church in the center of the city.[204] According to a security guard who was on duty, the woman arrived around 4:00 am, doused herself with gasoline, and lit herself on fire. Her motives remain unknown, she died on the spot.[205]
August 14, 2020 Fikret Güven  Turkey Economical issues A tea maker set himself on fire in front of the Bursa governorship after the police closed the roads to his shop.


September 18, 2020 Syarhei Radchenya 36 Belarus Belarus Fraudulent election and follow-on police abuse and brutality against protests in Belarus. 36-year-old Syarhei Radchenya set himself on fire in Smalavichy, Belarus, near the local police department. According to the press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Syarhei poured gasoline over himself from a canister and set it on fire after which an employee ran out of the district department building and put out the fire. Syarhei was hospitalized in critical condition with burns on 84% of his body surface, including the respiratory tract. He passed away on September 25, 2020 as a result of his injuries.[208]
October 2, 2020 Irina Slavina 47 Russia Russia Journalist; her apartment was searched the day before by the police alleging her ties to the Open Russia group Russian journalist Irina Slavina set herself on fire in front of the Interior Ministry office in Nizhniy Novgorod. She has died there of the resulting burns.[209][210]
February 12, 2021 Halil S.  Germany Against the detention conditions of Abdullah Öcalan He set himself on fire in front of the Landtag in Dresden[211][212]
April 12, 2021 Itzik Saidyan 26  Israel Government treatment of disabled veterans He set himself on fire in front of the Defense Ministry's rehabilitation department offices in Petah Tikva that handles the rehabilitation of injured soldiers,[213] two days before the annual Memorial Day. Saidian fought in the 2014 war in Gaza, Operation Protective Edge, and suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder.[214]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ LaFraniere, Sharon (January 9, 2012). "More Monks Die by Fire in Protest of Beijing". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  2. ^ Uehling, Greta (June 2000). "Squatting, Self-Immolation and the Repatriation of the Crimean Tatars". Nationalities Papers. 28 (2): 317–341. doi:10.1080/713687470. S2CID 140736004.
  3. ^ a b Jackson, William J. "Self-Immolation in Hindu, Buddhist and Other Traditions". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Shadow Tibet : Jamyang Norbu » Blog Archive » SELF-IMMOLATION AND BUDDHISM". Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  5. ^ Gambetta, Diego (September 21, 2006). Making Sense of Suicide Missions. OUP Oxford. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-19-929797-9.
  6. ^ "Thai Police Grab Monk About to Cremate Self". The Morning News. December 8, 1959.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Donaldson, Day Blakely (2013). The Self-Immolators (PDF).
  8. ^ "Monk Fires Self Before Cathedral". The Charolette Observer. October 28, 1963 – via
  9. ^ Mitchell, Lisa (2009). Language, Emotion, and Politics in South India. ISBN 978-0-253-35301-6. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "Churches: The Pacifists". Time. November 12, 1965. Archived from the original on January 16, 2011.
  11. ^ Buckley, Thomas (November 10, 1965). "Man, 22, Immolates Himself In Antiwar Protest at U.N.". New York Times – via ProQuest.
  12. ^ a b c "South Viet Nam: The Light That Failed". Time. June 10, 1966.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Topmiller, Robert J. (2006). The Lotus Unleashed: The Buddhist Peace Movement in South Vietnam, 1964–1966. University Press of Kentucky. p. 136. ISBN 0-8131-9166-1.
  14. ^ "Chinese Author Hu Ping Analyses Tibet Self-Immolation Actions". The Tibet Post International. August 20, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  15. ^ King, Robert Harlen (2001). Thomas Merton and Thich Nhat Hanh. ISBN 978-0-8264-1340-6. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Topmiller, Robert (April 19, 2011). "Struggling For Peace: The Unrecognized Sacrifices of Buddhist Women During the Vietnam War".
  17. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY – 10/16/1967: Joan Baez arrested in Vietnam protest". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  18. ^ 明日への葬列—60年代反権力闘争に斃れた10人の遺志 – 高橋和巳 編集、合同出版 1970年
  19. ^ "Bush's brutal war stirs memories of Vietnam – The Japan Times". The Japan Times. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  20. ^ Japan 1968: The Performance of Violence and the Theater of Protest Archived November 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine(AHR)
  21. ^ "War Protester, 16, Sets Himself Afire". The New York Times. March 20, 1968. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  22. ^ "Makukh, Vasyl". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  23. ^ Tom Vlek. "Sndor Bauer: TOTALITA". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  24. ^ a b c "Jan Palach". Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  25. ^ "Clipped From The Logansport Press". The Logansport Press. May 7, 1970. p. 1. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  26. ^ Keen, H. (May 12, 1970). "San Diego student who set self afire in war protest dies". Los Angeles Times.
  27. ^ Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada. University of Toronto Press. 2002. p. 417. ISBN 978-0-8020-0761-2. Retrieved December 20, 2014 – via Internet Archive. Huguette Gaulin.
  28. ^ Self immolation in Germany. Taz.
  29. ^ 1978-03 Crimson Dawn - Newsletter Ananda Marga (PDF). p. 3.
  30. ^ Self immolation in Germany. Taz.
  31. ^ 1978-03 Crimson Dawn - Newsletter Ananda Marga (PDF). p. 3.
  32. ^ Landers, Rachel (2016). Who Bombed the Hilton?. NewSouth. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-74-223351-2.
  33. ^ 1978-07 Crimson Dawn - Newsletter Ananda Marga (PDF). p. 8.
  34. ^ The Gazette. p. 56.
  35. ^ Nahaylo, Bohdan; Swoboda, Victor (1990). Soviet Disunion. Simon and Schuster. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-02-922401-4. Retrieved December 20, 2014. Musa Mamut.
  36. ^ An heiress dies. The Age.
  37. ^ pl:Walenty Badylak
  38. ^ pl:Studzienka Badylaka
  39. ^ Ziółkowski, Grzegorz (February 13, 2020). A Cruel Theatre of Self-Immolations: Contemporary Suicide Protests by Fire and Their Resonances in Culture. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-429-60222-1.
  40. ^ "Semra Ertan (Cana Bilir-Meier) » L'Alternativa Hall 2014". Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  41. ^ "Tribute to Sebastián Acevedo". November 2, 2007. Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  42. ^ "Povestea eroului care a protestat împotriva comunismului dându-şi foc pe pârtia Bradul". March 1, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012.
  43. ^ "The Death of Kailash Pawar". May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on April 10, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  44. ^ "Independence. Rise. Chan I-hua". Liberty Times. Taiwan (ROC). Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  45. ^ a b Yakupova, Venera (2009). Крымские татары, или Привет от Сталина! (PDF). Kazan: Часы истории. pp. 28–30, 47–48.
  46. ^ Stansfield, Gareth R. V.; Shareef, Mohammed (2017). The Kurdish Question Revisited. Oxford University Press. pp. 195–196. ISBN 978-0-19-068717-5.
  47. ^ a b c "An End to the Darkness". Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  48. ^ Rajagopal, Arvind (January 25, 2001). Politics After Television. ISBN 978-0-521-64839-4. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  49. ^ Chanthasrikum, Bundit (December 19, 2013). รำลึก'ธนาวุฒิ คลิ้งเชื้อ' [Remembering 'Thanawut Klingchuea']. Kom-Chad-Luek (in Thai). Retrieved August 17, 2014.
  50. ^ Verhovek, Sam Howe (February 20, 1991). "Amherst Journal; Candles in the Snow Honor Suffering". New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  51. ^ Russetsky, Alexander et al. (2004), South Caucasus Institute of Regional Security Activity Report, p. 50. South Caucasus Institute of Regional Security; accessed July 1, 2012.
  53. ^ RENU SEHGAL. "Five Charged With Manslaughter In Buddhist's Self-immolation". AP News.
  54. ^ Chris Mathieu. "I LOVE BOSNIA". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  55. ^ Wiles, Ellen (2007), "Headscarves, Human Rights, and Harmonious Multicultural Society: Implications of the French Ban for Interpretations of Equality", Law & Society Review, 41 (3): 699–736, doi:10.1111/j.1540-5893.2007.00318.x, JSTOR 4623399
  56. ^ "Biography of the late Thubten Ngodup". April 29, 1998. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  57. ^ "April 30th". April 30, 1998. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  58. ^ P. V. Unnikrishnan, India disasters report, towards a policy initiative, Oxford University Press, 2000; ISBN 0-19-565029-8, page 270: "Dissent as a Streak of Fire On April 27, 1998 when a 60-year-old former monk immolated himself after a prolonged hunger strike by six of his Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC) colleagues in Delhi. The demand: UN intervention in Tibet."
  59. ^ Biggs, Michael (2005). "Dying Without Killing: Self-Immolations, 1963–2002" (PDF). In Diego Gambetta (ed.). Making Sense of Suicide Missions. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-929797-9.
  60. ^ "To die for". The Guardian. June 8, 1999. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  61. ^ 10 vor 10 - Selbstverbrennung - Play SRF (in German), retrieved March 23, 2021
  62. ^ Sunderland, Judith. (2002). From the Household to the Factory: China's campaign against Falungong. Human Rights Watch; ISBN 1-56432-269-6
  63. ^ "Immigration Department guilty of mal-administration: Ombudsman". Australia: ABC. August 23, 2001. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  64. ^ Jakob, Christian (March 29, 2012). "Körper verfrachtbar, Psyche egal". Die Tageszeitung (in German). Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  65. ^ Koukal, Milan (March 6, 2003). "Lidé nosí květiny pro upáleného sebevraha" (in Czech). Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  66. ^ "Самосожжение в Чехии – знак протеста против войны в Ираке?" [Self-immolation in the Czech Republic. Is it a sign of protest against the war in Iraq?]. (in Russian). Deutche Welle. April 2, 2003. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  67. ^ Vasagar, Jeevan (June 24, 2003). "Parents mourn 'brave girl' who set herself on fire in memory of uncle". The Guardian. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  68. ^ "Hamimo Cohen sets himself on fire". NRG. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  69. ^ "Au Luxembourg, une mère congolaise se suicide dans l'indifférence". Le Monde. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  70. ^ "Belgium: Black woman sets herself on fire". The Patriotic Vanguard. October 19, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  71. ^ "For the land she loved to death". August 30, 2005. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  72. ^ "ynet מת מפצעיו הצעיר שהצית עצמו בגלל ההתנתקות – חדשות". ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  73. ^ Dion, B. (March 30, 2006). "Ελεύθερο Κουρδιστάν ή θάνατος..." Eleftherotypia (in Greek). Archived from the original on October 5, 2010.
  74. ^ "Fanaa: man who immolates dies". The Hindu. Chennai, India. June 21, 2006. Archived from the original on May 23, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  75. ^ Fleishman, Jeffrey (December 28, 2006). "Pastor's fiery protest mystifies many". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  76. ^ "Activist's Fiery Death Prompts Questions". Associated Press. November 27, 2006. Archived from the original on August 27, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  77. ^ "Fire protest asylum seeker dies". BBC News. March 19, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  78. ^ "Man who immolated himself in protest of FTA dies". The Hankyoreh. April 16, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  79. ^ "Mexican farm leader dies after setting himself onfire". Fox News. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  80. ^ "Last statement of Muthukumar". Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  81. ^ Jones, Sam (February 19, 2009). "Tamil killed himself 'to guide others to liberation'". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
  82. ^ a b "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tapey". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  83. ^ Cohen, Roger (January 25, 2010). "A Woman Burns". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  84. ^ "TRS activist Srikanth cremated". The Siasat Daily. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  85. ^ "Telangana protestor succumbs to 80 pc burns". News18. February 21, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  86. ^ "Student who set himself ablaze for Telangana cause dies". Press Trust of India. February 21, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2019 – via The Times of India.
  87. ^ "Student commits suicide for Telangana, Osmania Univ tense". dna. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  88. ^ "Party officials removed after self-immolation protest". Xinhua News Agency. October 11, 2010. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  89. ^ "Bouazizi has become a Tunisian protest 'symbol'". The National. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  90. ^ Janyala, Sreenivas (January 21, 2010). "Fresh Telangana stir over student's death". The Indian Express. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  91. ^ "Algerian dies from self-immolation". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  92. ^ "Student commits suicide for Telangana". October 2, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  93. ^ Mauritanian man sets himself ablaze in capital,; accessed May 7, 2015.
  94. ^ "Man dies in Saudi self-immolation". BBC News. 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  95. ^ "Lensman attempts suicide". The Times of India. February 20, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  96. ^ a b (in Spanish) China endurecerá la seguridad en las regiones tibetanas tras las inmolaciones- ABC
  97. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Phuntsog". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  98. ^ a b Self-Immolation Fact Sheet(Archived November 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine)
  99. ^ "American Father Self-Immolates To Protest Against Family Courts". International Business Times. June 17, 2011.
  100. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tsewang Norbu". Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  101. ^ Shekhar, G.C. (August 28, 2011). "Suicide to stop hanging – Protests against Rajiv Killers' execution grow in Tamil Nadu". The Telegraph.
  102. ^ Why Apostolos Polyzonis set himself on fire in Greece, BBC, October 19, 2011.
  103. ^ "Podpalił się przed kancelarią. Jest śledztwo". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  104. ^ "Andrzej Ż. z BIEDY PODPALIŁ SIĘ przed Kancelarią Premiera. Zostawił LIST do Donalda Tuska: Życzę dobrego samopoczucia". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  105. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Sonam Thargyal". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  106. ^ "Farmer Dies in New Burning Protest". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  107. ^ "Telangana erupts as activists take their own lives". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  108. ^ "Tibetan dies from self-immolation in India before Hu visit". Reuters. March 28, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  109. ^ "Tibetan lights self on fire at anti-China protest". Associated Press. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  110. ^ a b "Another man dies for Telangana, TRS calls for shutdown". Indo-Asian News Service. March 26, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019 – via Hindustan Times.
  111. ^ "AP: Suicide politics back on the boil". IBNLive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  112. ^ "One more suicide attempt for Telangana". IBNLive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  113. ^ "Two attempt suicide for Telangana". The Times of India. March 28, 2012. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
  114. ^ "Another suicide for Telangana". IBNLive. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  115. ^ "Fire rages on: Tibetan monk dies in fiery protest". Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  116. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Lobsang Sherab". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  117. ^ "Kirti Monk Self-Immolates, Dies". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  118. ^ "Man who tried immolation on Wednesday dies". Deccan Chronicle. April 5, 2012. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  119. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Tenpa Darjey". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  120. ^ a b "Two More Monks Burn Themselves". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  121. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet – Chimey Palden". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
  122. ^ "Self-immolation death toll rises to 24 in Tibet, Chimey Palden declared dead". Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  123. ^ "Another youth attempts suicide for Telangana". The Times of India. April 1, 2012. Archived from the original on May 17, 2012.
  124. ^ "Another suicide attempt by Telangana supporter". The Times of India. March 31, 2012. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012.
  125. ^ Lappin, Yaakov (July 14, 2012). "Social justice activist sets himself on fire in Tel Aviv". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  126. ^ "Activist Silman who set self on fire dies of wounds". The Jerusalem Post. July 20, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  127. ^ "mynet באר שבע – ציון וקנין מב"ש מספר למה ניסה להצית את עצמו". ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  128. ^ דרמה בב"ש: ניסה להצית עצמו מול בניין העיריה. ynetews (in Hebrew). July 16, 2012.
  129. ^ "Investigators probe incitement to suicide in self-immolation attempt at United Russia public center in Novosibirsk (Part 2)". Interfax. July 18, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  130. ^ "Police Probe Self-Immolation Act In Ruling Party's Office In Siberia". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. July 18, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  131. ^ "Novosibirsk self-immolation woman dies in hospital". Interfax. Retrieved January 11, 2018.[dead link]
  132. ^ "Disabled IDF veteran sets himself on fire in Yehud". Haaretz. July 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  133. ^ He made that because of the social services
  134. ^ Brother of the 45-year-old disabled veteran who self-immolated at Yehud bus stop tells Haaretz: "The army loves you three feet under, but doesn't love you when you're wounded."
  135. ^ Disabled veteran who set himself on fire dies Akiva Mafi'i, 45, who self-immolated at a bus stop in Yahud some 10 days ago, succumbs to wounds, ynetnews
  136. ^ "Vietnamese blogger's mother sets herself on fire as daughter faces trial". Associated Press. July 31, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2019 – via The Guardian.
  137. ^ Kamila Shamsie (August 5, 2012). "Vietnam's blog shame". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
  138. ^ 26-year-old Tarnovo resident sets himself on fire because of poverty,, February 20, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  139. ^ Stoyanova, Marieta. "Великотърновци почетоха паметта на самозапалилите се Пламен и Траян" (in Bulgarian). Darik News. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  140. ^ Plamen Goranov protesting "Down with TIM" in the city of Varna note TIM being allegedly a major monopolist organisation, Bivol, February 24, 2013.
  141. ^ Tsolova, Tsvetelia; Krasimirov, Angel (March 6, 2013). "Bulgarian mayor resigns after man sets himself on fire". Reuters. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  142. ^ Man who self-immolated in Varna being operated on today,, 25 February 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  143. ^ Plamen Goranov dies, Varna in mourning Archived January 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine,, March 4, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  144. ^ Impoverished 53-year-old self-immolates in Radnevo municipality,, February 26, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  145. ^ 51-year-old self-immolates in front of presidency Archived May 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine,, March 14, 2013.(in Bulgarian)
  146. ^ Poverty in Bulgaria drives more to make ultimate sacrifice,, May 8, 2013; retrieved May 7, 2015.
  147. ^ Morris, Harvey (March 23, 2013). "Poverty Blamed for Bulgaria's Suicide Wave". The New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  148. ^ "Sri Lanka Buddhist monk dies after self-immolation". BBC News. May 26, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
  149. ^ "Podpalił się, bo "był załamany i zrozpaczony sytuacją". "Nie mam pracy a MOPR nam odmawia pomocy, nie mamy z czego żyć"". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  150. ^ ""Ludzie już tego nie wytrzymują". PIĘĆ PYTAŃ DO Andrzeja Żydka, który podpalił się w 2011 r. przed kancelarią premiera". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  151. ^ S.A., Wirtualna Polska Media (June 12, 2013). "Mężczyzna podpalił się przed kancelarią premiera Donalda Tuska w Warszawie". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  152. ^ Young, Mark. "Bradenton Herald & Lakewood Ranch Herald". The Bradenton Herald. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  153. ^ "In dying act, minister hoped to inspire social justice". Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  154. ^ "Funeral of the Ahwazi Arab who set himself on fire turned into demonstration". Ahwaz Human Rights Organization. March 23, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  155. ^ "Raise of self-immolation among Ahwazi Arabs due to discrimination and poverty". Ahwazi Centre for Human Rights. June 2, 2016. Archived from the original on November 27, 2016. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  156. ^ "South Korean Man, 80, Sets Self on Fire at Anti-Japan Rally". The New York Times. August 12, 2015. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  157. ^ Boroweic, Steven (August 12, 2015). "South Korean man lights himself on fire during anti-Japan protest in Seoul". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  158. ^ Hasham, Nicole (October 20, 2015). "Asylum seeker self-immolated amid fears he would be sent back to detention, Senate hearing told". Retrieved January 11, 2018 – via The Sydney Morning Herald.
  159. ^ Wong, Edward (March 3, 2016). "Tibetan Monk, 18, Dies After Self-Immolation to Protest Chinese Rule". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  160. ^ Lipp, Kenneth (March 27, 2016). "Veteran Burned Himself Alive Outside VA Clinic". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  161. ^ "Claims Iranian man suicided after thinking he would have to stay on Nauru for another 10 years". May 2, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  162. ^ "Iranian Asylum Seeker Severely Burnt After Setting Himself On Fire On Nauru".
  163. ^ "Nauru refugee suffers critical injuries after setting herself on fire". May 2, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  164. ^ "Man sets himself on fire in centre of Munich". The Independent. May 19, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  165. ^ "Tibetan Self-Immolator Tenzin Choeying Dies in Indian Hospital". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  166. ^ "Tibetan man dies in apparent self-immolation protest in Dharamshala". The Tibet Post International. July 31, 2017. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  167. ^ "Man who lit himself on fire at Parliament was protesting 'injustices': Coroner". New Zeland Herald. May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  168. ^
  169. ^
  170. ^ NCKultury (January 17, 2013). "Chłopcy z Placu broni – Kocham wolność". Retrieved January 11, 2018 – via YouTube.
  171. ^ hermesauto (October 20, 2017). "Pole attempts self-immolation in likely anti-govt protest". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  172. ^ FM., RMF. "54-latek podpalił się na Placu Defilad. Nieoficjalnie: Zostawił list, w którym krytykował rząd". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  173. ^ "Sacked Man Dies After Setting Fire To Himself In Bashkortostan". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. January 16, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  174. ^ Mays, Jeffery C. (April 14, 2018). "Prominent Lawyer in Fight for Gay Rights Dies After Setting Himself on Fire in Prospect Park". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  175. ^ "Prominent gay rights lawyer sets himself on fire in protest suicide". CNN. April 15, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  176. ^ Akram, Fares (May 20, 2018). "Palestinian publicly sets himself on fire in Gaza". Associated Press. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  177. ^ "Palestinian man publicly sets himself on fire over dire living conditions in Gaza". The Independent. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  178. ^ "Woman who set self on fire in Portland park remembered as 'brilliant and tortured' artist". Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  179. ^ Zraick, Karen (June 26, 2018). "Veteran Sets Himself on Fire Outside State Capitol in Atlanta". The New York Times. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  180. ^ "Crimean Tatar Activist Sets Himself On Fire To Protest 'Lawlessness'". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. August 3, 2018. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  181. ^ "Mother searches for answers a year after daughter set herself on fire in council housing office". The Guardian. September 8, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  182. ^ "British media blacks out self-immolation of woman at Barnet council office". World Socialist Website. September 8, 2018. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  183. ^ "Inside the World of Black Incels". MEL Magazine. December 9, 2019.
  184. ^ "Black Manosphere Displays Black Men's Sexual Rage and Frustration". December 6, 2018.
  185. ^ "Selbstverbrennung in Ingolstadt: Kurden sprechen von Protest". (in German). Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  186. ^ Acarer, Erk (September 30, 2018). "Selbstverbrennung in Ingolstadt: Videobotschaft gegen Erdoğan". Die Tageszeitung: taz (in German). ISSN 0931-9085. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  187. ^ "Man sets himself on fire in Prague's Wenceslas Square". Reuters. January 20, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  188. ^ Stirken, Norbert (February 20, 2020). "Demo am Gericht in Krefeld: Sympathie für Kurden-Protest". RP ONLINE (in German). Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  189. ^ Dvorak, Petula (May 30, 2019). "Self-immolation can be a form of protest. Or a cry for help. Are we listening?". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  190. ^ Jeong, Sophie; Mackintosh, Eliza (July 19, 2019). "South Korean man dies after setting himself on fire outside Japanese embassy in Seoul". CNN. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  191. ^ "Iranian female football fan who self-immolated outside court dies". The Guardian. September 10, 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  192. ^ "Russian Scholar Dies From Self-Immolation While Protesting to Save Native Language". The Moscow Times. September 10, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  193. ^ "Man Dies After Self-Immolation Protest Over Language Policies In Russia's Udmurtia". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. September 10, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  194. ^ "Syrian Kurd sets himself on fire outside UN refugee agency". The Jerusalem Post | Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  195. ^ "Destitute student self-immolates in Lyon in 'desperate' protest at inequality". Euronews. September 11, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  196. ^ "French student sets himself on fire over financial problems". BBC News. September 11, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  197. ^ "Jobless father of two "hungry" kids dies after setting himself alight". February 8, 2020.
  198. ^ "Man attempts self-immolation in front of parliament".
  199. ^ "Hatay Valiliği Önünde İşsizlik İntiharı: "Çocuklarım Aç" Diyerek Kendini Yaktı | Körfez Gazetesi".
  200. ^ "Przed Sejmem podpalił się mężczyzna. Wcześniej rozmawiał z dziennikarzami". Gazeta Wyborcza| Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  201. ^ "Arie den Dekker steekt zichzelf in brand; Tot wanhoop gedreven na getuigenverklaring". July 27, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  202. ^ "Street vendor who set himself on fire after municipal police seized his stall dies in Turkey". August 30, 2020.
  203. ^ "Ekmek Teknesi Gidince Kendini Yaktı -".
  204. ^ "Woman commits act of self-immolation near Catholic Church in Zaporizhzhia". Union of Orthodox Journalists | Retrieved August 4, 2020.
  205. ^ "Self-immolation of a woman in Zaporozhye: details became known". NewsBeezer | Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  206. ^ "Erdoğan ne demişti?".
  207. ^ "Tezgahı elinden alınan esnaf kendini valilik önünde yaktı".
  208. ^ "Belarusian who committed self-immolation act passes away in Minsk". Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  209. ^ "Russian journalist dies after setting herself on fire outside government building". NY Post. October 2, 2020. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  210. ^ "'Blame the Russian Federation' Journalist Irina Slavina's self-immolation came after years of constant pressure from the authorities". October 3, 2020.
  211. ^ "Selbstanzündung in Dresden: Rund 150 bei Kundgebung". (in German). Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  212. ^ "Mann zündete sich vor Landtag an: Bekennerschreiben von PKK-Anhänger aufgetaucht". TAG24 (in German). Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  213. ^ Winer, Stuart; Gross, Judah Ari. "PTSD-afflicted IDF veteran still critical after setting himself alight". The Times of Israel. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  214. ^ "Disabled Israeli army veteran sets himself on fire ahead of Memorial Day".

External links[edit]

  • "The Self Immolators" – a chronological list of biographies and last statements of known self immolators 1967 to 2013