List of political self-immolations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of notable self-immolations done for political reasons. Non-political self-immolations are not included in the list. Self-immolation has become an increasingly used protest tactic among Tibetans protesting rule of Tibet by China[1] and Arabs against various Arab governments.[2]

List[edit]

1960s[edit]

Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
June 11, 1963 Đức, Thích QuảngThích Quảng Đức 66 South Vietnam Persecution of Buddhists by government of Ngô Đình Diệm Led to several other monks and nuns committing the same act before Diệm was toppled. The photo, photographed by Malcolm Browne, became well-associated with his political protest.
January 25, 1964 Chinnasami 27 India For preservation of the Tamil language Inspired 5 other self-immolations.[3]
March 16, 1965 Herz, AliceAlice Herz 82 United States Vietnam War Women Strike for Peace.
November 2, 1965 Morrison, NormanNorman Morrison 31 United States Vietnam War Committed act in front of preschool-aged daughter.[4]
November 9, 1965 LaPorte, Roger AllenRoger Allen LaPorte 22 United States Vietnam War Catholic Worker.[5]
July 12, 1966 Liangqing, Liangqing 70 China Destruction of the Famen Temple Buddhist monk[6]
May 16, 1967 Nhất Chi MaiNhất Chi Mai 34 South Vietnam Vietnam War [7]
October 15, 1967 Beaumont, FlorenceFlorence Beaumont 55 United States Vietnam War [8]
November 12, 1967 Yui Chunoshin (eo) 73 Japan Vietnam War Esperantist.[9][10][11]
September 8, 1968 Siwiec, RyszardRyszard Siwiec 59 Poland Poland's participation in Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia (1968) Died in hospital four days later.
November 5, 1968 Makukh, VasylVasyl Makukh 40 Soviet Union Soviet rule in Ukraine [12]
January 16, 1969 Palach, JanJan Palach 20 Czechoslovakia Communist rule in Czechoslovakia Student. Inspired a number of self-immolations in protest of Soviet satellite states.
January 20, 1969 Bauer, SándorSándor Bauer 17 Hungary Communist rule in Hungary [13]
February 25, 1969 Zajíc, JanJan Zajíc 19 Czechoslovakia Communist rule in Czechoslovakia Student.
April 2, 1969 Plocek, EvženEvžen Plocek 39 Czechoslovakia Communist rule in Czechoslovakia Businessman.
April 9, 1969 Rips, EliyahuEliyahu Rips 20 Soviet Union Communist rule in Czechoslovakia Survived, became professor of mathematics.
May 30, 1969 Mayrock, BruceBruce Mayrock 20 United States Genocide against Biafra in the Nigerian Civil War Columbia University student. Died in hospital several hours later.

1970s[edit]

Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
February 13, 1970 Moyses, MártonMárton Moyses 28 Romania Communist rule in Romania
May 10, 1970 Winne, Jr., GeorgeGeorge Winne, Jr. 23 United States Vietnam War Student at the University of California, San Diego. Died the next day.[14]
September 19, 1970 Georgakis, KostasKostas Georgakis 22 Greece Military rule in Greece Student at the University of Genoa
September 19, 1970 Elosegi, JosebaJoseba Elosegi 54 Spain Bombing of Guernica in 1937 Survived
November 13, 1970 Tae-il, JeonJeon Tae-il 22 South Korea For more robust labour laws and the government's opposition to reform
May 14, 1972 Kalanta, RomasRomas Kalanta 19 Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania Inspired largest post-war riots in occupied Lithuania and USSR, and 13 other self-immolations
June 6, 1972 Gaulin, HuguetteHuguette Gaulin 28 Canada [15]
August 10, 1976 Kalinauskas, AntanasAntanas Kalinauskas 19 Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania In Soviet Army barracks in Gulbene, Latvia. Died next day.
August 22, 1976 Brüsewitz, OskarOskar Brüsewitz 46 East Germany Communist rule in East Germany Lutheran pastor
February 10, 1977 Escoffier, AlainAlain Escoffier 27 France Communism
November 16, 1977 Gründler, HartmutHartmut Gründler 37 West Germany Atomic policy
January 21, 1978 Hirnyk, OleksaOleksa Hirnyk 65 Soviet Union Communist rule in Ukraine
June 23, 1978 Mamut, MusaMusa Mamut 46 Soviet Union Persecution of Crimean Tatars Died after five days[16]
October 3, 1978 Phillips, LynetteLynette Phillips 24 Switzerland Social protest Lynette Phillips had previously planned to burn herself to death outside the British Houses of Parliament in London, but upon receiving word of this, British authorities deported her. She changed her plan and decided to self-immolate outside the United Nations headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. She protested against "inhumanity, injustice and irrationality prevalent in our society". She died on the spot.[17]

1980s[edit]

Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
March 21, 1981 Arosenius, Per-AxelPer-Axel Arosenius 60 Sweden Taxes
August 10, 1982 Penik, ArtinArtin Penik 61 Turkey ASALA attack at Esenboğa International Airport
November 2, 1983 Acevedo, SebastiánSebastián Acevedo Chile Kidnapping of his children by the Chilean police during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet [18]
March 2, 1989 Babeş, Liviu CornelLiviu Cornel Babeş 47 Romania Communist rule in Romania [19] Set himself on fire on ski slope, died at hospital two hours later.
March 2, 1989 Vičiulis, VytautasVytautas Vičiulis 37 Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania
March 24, 1989 Pawar, KailashKailash Pawar India To draw attention to plight of Bhopal gas victims and protest public indifference [20] Original story published in The Hindu, March 26, 1990.
April 7, 1989 Nan-jung, ChengCheng Nan-jung 41 Taiwan For freedom of speech and Taiwan independence
May 19, 1989 I-hua, ChanChan I-hua 32 Taiwan For freedom of speech and Taiwan independence During funeral procession of Cheng Nan-jung[21]

1990s[edit]

Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
April 26, 1990 Žemaitis, StanislovasStanislovas Žemaitis 52 Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania Protesting Soviet economic blockade of Lithuania. Died next day in Moscow hospital.
April 29, 1990 Park, SungheeSunghee Park 19 South Korea Political situation in South Korea Self-immolated during students' protest against the South Korean regime. Died May 19, 1991.
May 9, 1990 Daugintis, RimantasRimantas Daugintis 55 Soviet Union Communist rule in Lithuania Lithuanian sculptor self-immolated on Hungarian-Soviet border. Died after a few days.
September 19, 1990 Goswami, RajivRajiv Goswami 19 India Reservation in India Survived.[22]
October 14, 1990 Klingchuea, ThanawutThanawut Klingchuea 20 Thailand Government of Chatichai Choonhavan Ramkhamhaeng University student[23]
February 18, 1991 Levey, GregoryGregory Levey 30 United States Gulf War Amherst Common, MA.[24]
September 21, 1991 Abesadze, GiorgiGiorgi Abesadze 35 Georgia Looming civil war in Georgia Physician[25]
April 29, 1993 Bamford, GrahamGraham Bamford 48 United Kingdom War in Bosnia and Herzegovina 'The British army must not be a guard of honor at a mass funeral. Bosnian babies, children, and womenfolk are waiting for the politicians to do what they know they should - give them military protection.'[26]
February 21, 1994 Darabi, HomaHoma Darabi 54 Iran Women's rights after the Iranian Revolution Biography Rage Against the Veil written by sister Parvin Darabi
April 25, 1995 Elstner, ReinholdReinhold Elstner 75 Germany Demonization of German soldiers after World War II
September 3, 1995 Kratze, SabineSabine Kratze 25 Vietnam Trial of six Buddhist monks
October 22, 1996 Change, KathyKathy Change 46 United States For directly democratic community-based self-government
January 13, 1998 Ormando, AlfredoAlfredo Ormando 29 Italy Roman Catholic Church's condemnation of homosexuality
April 27, 1998 Ngodup, ThuptenThupten Ngodup 60 India Political situation in Tibet Ex-monk. In protest of police interference with unto-death hunger-strike in Delhi. Died two days later in hospital after visit by the Dalai Lama.[27][28][29]
February 16, 1999 Coşkun, NeclaNecla Coşkun 14 United Kingdom Arrest of Abdullah Öcalan Survived.[30]

2000s[edit]

Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
January 21, 2001 various China See Tiananmen Square self-immolation incident [31]
April 2, 2001 Kayani, ShahrazShahraz Kayani 48 Australia Government refusal to grant entry to his wife and daughters Pakistani refugee[32]
June 23, 2003 Hassani, NedaNeda Hassani 26 United Kingdom Raid on and arrest of members of the People's Mujahedin of Iran In front of the French embassy in London. Died on the spot. There were at least 4 other self-immolations protesting the same.[33]
July 21, 2004 Cohen, Mordehai (Hamimo)Mordehai (Hamimo) Cohen 30 Israel Rejection of work license Set himself on fire during a City Hall assembly[34]
August 17, 2005 Businov, YelenaYelena Businov 54 Israel Protest against Israel's unilateral disengagement plan [35]
August 31, 2005 Ben Menahem, BaruchBaruch Ben Menahem 21 Israel Protest against Israel's unilateral disengagement plan [36]
March 28, 2006 Fortulaki, EleftheriyaEleftheriya Fortulaki Greece Treatment of Kurds in Turkey [37]
November 3, 2006 Ritscher, MalachiMalachi Ritscher 52 United States War in Iraq Died at the scene.[38]
June 11, 2006 Joshi, PravinPravin Joshi 30 India Screening of Fanaa Died 9 days later.[39]
October 31, 2006 Weisselberg, RolandRoland Weisselberg 73 Germany Spread of Islam Former Lutheran pastor self-immolated in a monastery in Erfurt. Died the following day.[40]
March 7, 2007 Bhandari, UddhavUddhav Bhandari 40 United Kingdom Asylum policy Nepali asylum seeker[41]
April 1, 2007 Se-uk, HeoHeo Se-uk 54 South Korea South Korea – United States Free Trade Agreement [42]
October 1, 2008 Tapia, Ramiro GuillénRamiro Guillén Tapia 65 Mexico Local government in the city of Xalapa [43]
January 29, 2009 Muthukumar, KumarKumar Muthukumar 26 India Killing of the Sri Lankan Tamils Inspired several other self-immolations[44]
February 12, 2009 Varnakulasingham, MurugathasanMurugathasan Varnakulasingham 26 Switzerland Killing of the Sri Lankan Tamils Inspired several other self-immolations[45]
February 27, 2009 Tapey mid-20s China Political situation in Tibet Monk, Kirti Monastery, Ngaba. Shot[46] by Chinese police while on fire, and then taken away by them. Status unknown.[46]
November 13, 2009 Fu-zhen, TangTang Fu-zhen 47 China Forced demolition of her home Died on November 29.[47]
December 3, 2009 Srikanth Chary, KasojuKasoju Srikanth Chary 24 India For statehood of Telangana Died on December 4.[48]

2010s[edit]

Date Name Age Country Protesting Notes and references
February 20, 2010 Yadaiah, SiripurSiripur Yadaiah 19 India For statehood of Telangana Student. Self immolated at the main gate of Osmania University, Hyderabad. Died the next day in hospital.[49][50]
July 31, 2010 Reddy, EshanEshan Reddy 20's India For statehood of Telangana Student; set himself on fire as an offering for a deity for the cause of statehood.[51]
September 10, 2010 Zhongcheng, YeYe Zhongcheng 79 China Forced demolition of their home Zhongcheng self-immolated with two family members and died on September 18.[52]
December 17, 2010 Bouazizi, MohamedMohamed Bouazizi 26 Tunisia Corruption in government Inspired the Tunisian revolution leading to ouster of President Ben Ali and further revolutions of the Arab Spring. Died January 4, 2011.[53]
January 16, 2011 Reddy, VenugopalaVenugopala Reddy 20's India For statehood of Telangana MCA student immolated himself near his university auditorium,died on the spot.[54]
January 16, 2011 Bouterfif, MohsenMohsen Bouterfif Algeria Unemployment and housing Inspired by Bouazizi's self-immolation in Tunisia.[55]
January 16, 2011 Bhavani, Bhavani 18 India For statehood of Telangana [56]
January 17, 2011 Dahoud, Yacoub OuldYacoub Ould Dahoud 43 Mauritania Political situation in Mauritania [57]
February 21, 2011 Mustafa, MohdMohd Mustafa 40 India For statehood of Telangana [58]
March 16, 2011 Phuntsog, RigzinRigzin Phuntsog 21 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Beaten by police before they extinguished the flames. Died in hospital.[59][60][61]
June 15, 2011 Ball, Thomas JamesThomas James Ball 58 United States Father's rights and family court injustice Self immolated on the steps of a family courthouse in New Hampshire. Died on the spot.[62]
August 15, 2011 Norbu, TsewangTsewang Norbu 29 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Nyitso monastery in Kham Tawu. In Tawu. Died soon afterwards.[59][61][63]
August 28, 2011 Senkodi, Senkodi 27 India Convictions in the Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi case A Tamil woman immolated herself in front of a tahsil office at Kanchipuram to protest death sentences of A. G. Perarivalan, V. Sriharan (alias Murugan), and T. Suthendraraja (alias Santhan). She died the same day.[64]
September 16, 2011 Polyzonis, ApostolosApostolos Polyzonis 55 Greece European sovereign-debt crisis Man set himself on fire in front of a bank in Thessaloniki.[65]
September 26, 2011 Kunchok, LobsangLobsang Kunchok 18 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Set fire to himself, together with Lobsang Kelsang.[61][66]
September 26, 2011 Kelsang, LobsangLobsang Kelsang 18 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Set fire to himself, together with Lobsang Kunchok.[61][67]
October 3, 2011 Wangchuk, KelsangKelsang Wangchuk 17 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Beaten and taken away by security personnel.[68]
October 7, 2011 Kayang, Kayang 17 China Political situation in Tibet Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Clasped hands with Choepel; died.[61][69]
October 7, 2011 Choepel, Choepel 19 China Political situation in Tibet Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Clasped hands with Kayang; died.[61][70] China Daily reported they were "slightly injured".[71]
October 15, 2011 Damdrul, NorbuNorbu Damdrul 19 China Political situation in Tibet Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Kicked and removed from scene by authorities. Current status unknown.[61][72]
October 17, 2011 Wangmo, TenzinTenzin Wangmo 20 China Political situation in Tibet Nun of Mame Dechen Chokorling. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died.[61][73]
October 21, 2011 Wang, Wang 42 China Legal inequalities in China At Tiananmen Square, Beijing. Taken to hospital by police; evidence at scene erased immediately.[61][74]
October 26, 2011 Tsering, DawaDawa Tsering 38 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kardze Monastery. In Kardze, Amdo. Current status unknown.[61][75]
November 3, 2011 Choetso, PaldenPalden Choetso 35 China Political situation in Tibet Nun in Tawu, Kardze. Reported deceased by Xinhua.[61][76][77]
November 4, 2011 Tsedor, SherabSherab Tsedor 25 China Political situation in Tibet Layperson. Outside Chinese embassy in New Delhi. Overpowered by police and hospitalized with minor burns.[78][79][80]
November 11, 2011 Gebre, YenesewYenesew Gebre 29 Ethiopia Corruption of dictatorship government Inspired by Bouazizi's self-immolation in Tunisia.[81]
December 1, 2011 Phuntsok, TenzinTenzin Phuntsok 46[82] China Political situation in Tibet Ex-monk, Karma Monastery, Chamdo.[83][84] Died on December 6, 2011, in Chamdo Hospital in Tibet[82] Reported in China Daily, as a "farmer" who "is considered eccentric".[85]
December 7, 2011 Hutagalung, SondangSondang Hutagalung 22 Indonesia Disputed [86]
January 6, 2012 Tennyi, Tennyi Around 20 China Political situation in Tibet [87]
January 6, 2012 Tsultrim, Tsultrim Around 20 China Political situation in Tibet [88]
January 8, 2012 Sopa Tulku/Wangyal, SonamSonam Wangyal 42 China Political situation in Tibet [89][90]
January 14, 2012 Losang, JamyangJamyang Losang 20s China Political situation in Tibet Former monk of Andu monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Deceased.[91]
February 3, 2012 Tsering, TsaptaiTsaptai Tsering, Kyarel, Kyarel, and unknown name 60, 30, unknown China Political situation in Tibet Three laypersons. In Serthar. Incident published in several places, but unconfirmed.[92][93]
February 8, 2012 Dorje, RigzinRigzin Dorje (Rinzin) Around 18 China Political situation in Tibet Former monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died February 21 in hospital.[94]
February 9, 2012 Rabyang, SonamSonam Rabyang 30s China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Lab Monastery. In Tridu town, Yushu County, Kham. Taken to hospital; condition unclear.[95]
February 11, 2012 Choedron, TenzinTenzin Choedron 18 China Political situation in Tibet Nun of Mame Dechen Chokorling. In Ngaba, Amdo. Taken away by soldiers and police, and died shortly afterward.[96][97]
February 13, 2012 Gyatso, LobsangLobsang Gyatso 19 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Current status unknown.[98][99]
March 4, 2012 Rinchen, Rinchen 32 China Political situation in Tibet Occupation unknown. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died on the spot.[100]
March 5, 2012 Dorje, Dorje (Dorjee) 18 China Political situation in Tibet Occupation unknown. In Ngaba, Amdo. Deceased.[101]
March 10, 2012 Gapey, Gapey (Gepey) 18 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died on the spot.[102]
March 13, 2012 Palden, JamyangJamyang Palden 30s China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Rongpo monastery, Rebkong, Amdo. Current status unknown.[103]
March 16, 2012 Tsultrim, LobsangLobsang Tsultrim 20 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery. In Ngaba, Amdo. Died in custody.[104]
March 17, 2012 Thargyal, SonamSonam Thargyal (Dargye, Dhargay) 44 China Political situation in Tibet Farmer in Rebkong, Amdo. Died on the spot.[105][106]
March 24, 2012 Naik, L BhojaL Bhoja Naik 21 India For statehood of Telangana MBA student set himself on fire in front of his college. Died on the spot.[107]
March 26, 2012 Yeshi, JampelJampel Yeshi 20 India Political situation in Tibet Layperson in Delhi. Died 2 days later in hospital.[108][109]
March 26, 2012 Rajmouli 40 India For statehood of Telangana [110][111]
March 26, 2012 Goud, B.R.B.R. Goud n/a India For statehood of Telangana [110]
March 27, 2012 Pallavi, Pallavi 17 India For statehood of Telangana Later died in hospital.[112]
March 27, 2012 Ilaiah, KalakanchiKalakanchi Ilaiah 30 India For statehood of Telangana Scrap dealer.[113]
March 28, 2012 Uppalaiah, KK Uppalaiah 30 India For statehood of Telangana [114]
March 28, 2012 Sherab, LobsangLobsang Sherab 20 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Kirti Monastery.[115] In Ngaba, Amdo. Died on the spot.[116][117]
March 28, 2012 Srikanth, SripuramSripuram Srikanth 23 India For statehood of Telangana Died on March 30 at the Osmania General Hospital.[118]
March 30, 2012 Dhargyal, TenpaTenpa Dhargyal (Darjey) 22 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Tsodun monastery, Barkham, Amdo. Forcibly removed to hospital by Chinese security forces. Current status unknown.[119][120]
March 30, 2012 Palden, ChimeyChimey Palden (Chime) 21 China Political situation in Tibet Monk of Tsodun monastery, Barkham, Amdo. Forcibly removed to hospital by Chinese security forces.[120][121] Died later that day around midnight.[122]
March 30, 2012 Shankar, ShyamapuriShyamapuri Shankar 24 India For statehood of Telangana [123]
March 30, 2012 Suresh, BandavathBandavath Suresh 25 India For statehood of Telangana Suffered 50% burns.[124]
May 27, 2012 Tseten, DorjeeDorjee Tseten and Dargye 19 & 25 China Political situation in Tibet In front of the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa[125]
July 14, 2012 Silman, MosheMoshe Silman 57 Israel Social justice march in Tel Aviv Social justice activist, suffered 90% burns.[126] Died of his wounds on July 20 in an Israeli hospital.[127]
July 16, 2012 Vaknin, ZionZion Vaknin[128] 46 Israel Social injustice protest At Beersheba's city hall, in protest of debts.[129]
July 18, 2012 Gerasimovna, ValentinaValentina Gerasimovna 57 Russia A woman attempted self-immolation at the public reception center of the ruling United Russia party in Novosibirsk. She earlier addressed the party's public reception center for legal advice as an apartment buyer.[130][131] Died in a hospital.[132]
July 20, 2012 Mafi, AkivaAkiva Mafi 45 Israel Social injustice protest Akiva Mafi[133] (45) Disabled IDF veteran sets himself on fire in Yehud, on behalf of wounded veterans.[134][135] Died August 1, 2012.[136] New agency established to prevent more cases.
July 30, 2012 Đặng Thị Kim Liêng 64 Vietnam Against 2011 crackdown on Vietnamese youth activists[137] Tạ Phong Tần's mother. Set herself on fire in the early morning, died en route to the hospital in the afternoon of the same Monday.[138]
February 18, 2013 Marechkov, TrayanTrayan Marechkov 26 Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Died on the spot, at a central crossroads, in front of the central office of a private bank in Veliko Tarnovo.[139][140]
February 20, 2013 Goranov, PlamenPlamen Goranov 36 Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests against the Borisov cabinet Protested corruption and monopolies,[141] and demanded the resignation of Varna's mayor Kiril Yordanov and the Municipal Council.[142] Mountain climber and photographer. Set himself alight in front of the Varna municipality. Died 11 days later in hospital.[143][144]
February 26, 2013 Vasilev, VentzislavVentzislav Vasilev 53 Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Father of five.[145] Set himself on fire in Radnevo. Died in hospital two weeks later.
March 13, 2013 Dimitrov, DimitarDimitar Dimitrov 51 Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Set himself on fire in front of the Presidential Palace in Sofia. Hospitalized with life-threatening injuries.[146][147]
March 20, 2013 Yovchev, TodorTodor Yovchev 40 Bulgaria Part of the 2013 Bulgarian protests Died on March 22[148]
May 24, 2013 Indarathana, BowatteBowatte Indarathana 30 Sri Lanka Against the slaughtering of cattle and forced conversion of Buddhists to other religions in Sri Lanka[149]
June 20, 2014 Hoang, ThuThu Hoang 71 United States Apparent protest by a Vietnamese man of a Chinese state-owned oil rig being placed into waters contested by Vietnam in the South China Sea [150]
June 23, 2014 Moore, Charles R.Charles R. Moore 79 United States Social injustice[151] Set himself alight in a strip mall parking lot, died upon arrival at hospital.
November 3, 2014 Petrova, LidiaLidia Petrova 38 Bulgaria Social injustice protest In Sofia. Her motives for self-immolation currently remains unknown. She died a few days later.
March 14, 2015 Asakere, YounesYounes Asakere 34 Iran Discrimination of Ahwazi Arabs Self-immolated after local authorities confiscated his vendor stall in Khorramshahr. Died on March 22.[152] Inspired a mass protest which resulted in arrests of some 1,000 people and further self-immolations.[153]
August 12, 2015 Yeon-yeol, ChoiChoi Yeon-yeol 80 South Korea Japanese colonization of Korea and military conduct during WWII[154] Set himself on fire in a flower bed near the Japanese embassy in Seoul during an anti-Japan protest by "comfort women" (survivors of WWII Japanese military brothels). Injuries sustained were not life-threatening. Condition Pending.[155]
October 18, 2015 Amini, KhodayarKhodayar Amini 30 Australia Australian refugee policy He self-immolated in Melbourne during a video call to his advocates.[156]
October 24, 2015 Bektibaev, ErlanErlan Bektibaev 20 Kazakhstan Social injustice protest Doused himself with gasoline and set himself on fire on October 24 in front of the Taraz headquarters of the ruling Nur Otan party in Taraz. Bektibayev was rushed to hospital, but later died of his burns.
April 27, 2016 Masoumali, OmidOmid Masoumali 23 Nauru Australian refugee policy Iranian refugee self-immolated at an Australian refugee detention camp during a visit to the camp by representatives of a UNHCR fundraising arm (Australia For UNHCR) who told the refugees to expect to remain on Nauru for "another ten years".[157] After more than 24 hours without adequate medical attention he was airlifted by private contractor to Brisbane, Australia where he died on 29 April 2016 from his burns.[158]
May 2, 2016 Yasi, HodanHodan Yasi 21 Nauru Australian refugee policy In Australian Refugee Detention camp. Woman from Somalia (variously referred to as Hadon/Hodan and Yasin/Yasi) was airlifted from Nauru to Brisbane[159] but her condition as at late May 2016 is shrouded in secrecy. It seems she may still be alive, since her death would have to be reported under Queensland Law and an inquest into her death held as she would be deemed to be a "Death in Custody" had she died.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharon LaFraniere, More Monks Die by Fire in Protest of Beijing, New York Times, January 9, 2012
  2. ^ Nada Bakri, Self-Immolation Is on the Rise in the Arab World, New York Times, January 20, 2012.
  3. ^ Language, Emotion, and Politics in South India. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  4. ^ "The Pacifists". Time Magazine, November 12, 1965; accessed July 23, 2007.
  5. ^ Buckley, Thomas. "Man, 22, Immolates Himself In Antiwar Protest at U.N." New York Times (1857–Current file); November 10, 1965; ProQuest Historical Newspapers search( New York Times (1851–2004)).
  6. ^ "Chinese Author Hu Ping Analyses Tibet Self-Immolation Actions". The Tibet Post International. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  7. ^ Thomas Merton and Thich Nhat Hanh. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY - 10/16/1967: Joan Baez arrested in Vietnam protest". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ 明日への葬列—60年代反権力闘争に斃れた10人の遺志 - 高橋和巳 編集、合同出版 1970年
  10. ^ "Bush's brutal war stirs memories of Vietnam - The Japan Times". The Japan Times. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ Japan 1968: The Performance of Violence and the Theater of Protest(AHR)
  12. ^ uk:Макух Василь Омелянович
  13. ^ Tom Vlek. "Sndor Bauer: TOTALITA". Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  14. ^ Keen, H. "San Diego student who set self afire in war protest dies", Los Angeles Times, May 12, 1970
  15. ^ Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada. google.com. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  16. ^ Soviet Disunion. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  17. ^ An heiress dies. The Age. 
  18. ^ "Tribute to Sebastián Acevedo". Guanaco17.blogspot.com. November 2, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Povestea eroului care a protestat împotriva comunismului dându-şi foc pe pârtia Bradul". Adevarul.ro. March 1, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  20. ^ "The Death of Kailash Pawar". May 5, 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Independence. Rise. Chan I-hua". Liberty Times. Taiwan (ROC). Retrieved December 2, 2009. 
  22. ^ Politics After Television. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  23. ^ Chanthasrikum, Bundit (December 19, 2013). รำลึก'ธนาวุฒิ คลิ้งเชื้อ' [Remembering 'Thanawut Klingchuea']. Kom-Chad-Luek (in Thai). Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  24. ^ Verhovek, Sam Howe (1991-02-20). "Amherst Journal; Candles in the Snow Honor Suffering". New York Times. Retrieved 2016-09-19. 
  25. ^ Russetsky, Alexander et al. (2004), South Caucasus Institute of Regional Security Activity Report, p. 50. South Caucasus Institute of Regional Security; accessed July 1, 2012.
  26. ^ Chris Mathieu. "I LOVE BOSNIA". bosniavolimte.blogspot.com. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Biography of the late Thubten Ngodup". Tibet.ca. April 29, 1998. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  28. ^ "April 30th". WryBread.com. April 30, 1998. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  29. ^ P. V. Unnikrishnan, India disasters report, towards a policy initiative, Oxford University Press, 2000; ISBN 0-19-565029-8, page 270: "Dissent as a Streak of Fire On April 27, 1998 when a 60-year-old former monk immolated himself after a prolonged hunger strike by six of his Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC) colleagues in Delhi. The demand: UN intervention in Tibet."
  30. ^ Biggs, Michael (2005). "Dying Without Killing: Self-Immolations, 1963–2002" (PDF). In Diego Gambetta. Making Sense of Suicide Missions. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-929797-9. 
  31. ^ Sunderland, Judith. (2002). From the Household to the Factory: China's campaign against Falungong. Human Rights Watch; ISBN 1-56432-269-6
  32. ^ "Immigration Department guilty of mal-administration: Ombudsman". Australia: ABC. August 23, 2001. Retrieved December 2, 2009. 
  33. ^ Vasagar, Jeevan (24 June 2003). "Parents mourn 'brave girl' who set herself on fire in memory of uncle". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  34. ^ "Hamimo Cohen sets himself on fire". NRG. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  35. ^ "For the land she loved to death". Haaretz.com. August 30, 2005. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  36. ^ "ynet מת מפצעיו הצעיר שהצית עצמו בגלל ההתנתקות - חדשות". ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  37. ^ 30, 2006,id=27353960 «Ελεύθερο Κουρδιστάν ή θάνατος...», Elefterotypia, March 30, 2006
  38. ^ "Activist's Fiery Death Prompts Questions". Associated Press. November 27, 2006. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  39. ^ "Fanaa: man who immolates dies". The Hindu. Chennai, India. June 21, 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2009. 
  40. ^ Fleishman, Jeffrey (December 28, 2006). "Pastor's fiery protest mystifies many". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  41. ^ "BBC NEWS - UK - Scotland - Glasgow and West - Fire protest asylum seeker dies". Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  42. ^ "Man who immolated himself in protest of FTA dies". Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  43. ^ "Mexican farm leader dies after setting himself onfire". Fox News. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Last statement of Muthukumar". Tamilnet.com. Retrieved December 2, 2009. 
  45. ^ Jones, Sam (February 19, 2009). "Tamil killed himself 'to guide others to liberation'". London, UK: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved June 26, 2012. 
  46. ^ a b "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tapey". Savetibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  47. ^ Cohen, Roger (January 25, 2010). "A Woman Burns". The New York Times. 
  48. ^ TRS activist Srikanth cremated
  49. ^ "Telangana protestor succumbs to 80 pc burns". News18. February 21, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  50. ^ Press Trust of India (February 21, 2010). "Student who set himself ablaze for Telangana cause dies". The Times of India. 
  51. ^ "Student commits suicide for Telangana, Osmania Univ tense". dna. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  52. ^ Xinhua News Agency (October 11, 2010). "Party officials removed after self-immolation protest". China.org.cn. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  53. ^ "Bouazizi has become a Tunisian protest 'symbol'". The National. Retrieved January 14, 2011. 
  54. ^ "Fresh Telangana stir over students death". indianexpress.com. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  55. ^ "Algerian dies from self-immolation". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved January 17, 2011. 
  56. ^ "Student commits suicide for Telangana". rediff.com. October 2, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  57. ^ Mauritanian man sets himself ablaze in capital, google.com; accessed May 7, 2015.
  58. ^ "Lensman attempts suicide". The Times of India. February 21, 2011. 
  59. ^ a b (Spanish) China endurecerá la seguridad en las regiones tibetanas tras las inmolaciones- ABC
  60. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Phuntsog". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Self-Immolation Fact Sheet(Archived November 15, 2011, at WebCite)
  62. ^ "American Father Self-Immolates To Protest Against Family Courts". International Business Times. June 17, 2011. 
  63. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tsewang Norbu". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  64. ^ Shekhar, G.C. (August 28, 2011). "Suicide to stop hanging - Protests against Rajiv Killers' execution grow in tamil nadu". The Telegraph. 
  65. ^ Why Apostolos Polyzonis set himself on fire in Greece, BBC, October 19, 2011.
  66. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Lobsang Kunchok". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  67. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Lobsang Kelsang". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  68. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Kelsang Wangchuk". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  69. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Kayang". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  70. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Choepel". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  71. ^ "Two Tibetans injured in self-immolation". China Daily. October 8, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  72. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Norbu Damdrul". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  73. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tenzin Wangmo". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  74. ^ Foster, Peter (November 16, 2011). "Chinese man sets himself on fire in Tiananmen Square". London, UK: The Telegraph. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  75. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Dawa Tsering". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  76. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Palden Choetso". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  77. ^ "Dalai Lama Blames Chinese 'Cultural Genocide' for Self-Immolations". VOA. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  78. ^ "AFP: Indian police halt Tibetan's self-immolation bid". Google. November 4, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  79. ^ "Tibetan Sets Himself on Fire in Indian Capital". Voice of America. November 4, 2011. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  80. ^ Burke, Jason (January 13, 2012). "Protesters' stories: Sherab Tsedor and Tibet". London, UK: Guardian UK. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  81. ^ "Ethiopian man burns himself to death in protest". The Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  82. ^ a b "Tibetan Dies after Self Immolation in TAR". TCHRD. December 9, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  83. ^ "A Former Monk Self Immolates in Chamdo". TCHRD.org. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  84. ^ "First self-immolation in Tibet Autonomous Region; former monk sets himself on fire". SaveTibet.org. Retrieved December 1, 2011. 
  85. ^ "Farmer in stable condition after setting himself on fire". China Daily. December 2, 2011. Retrieved December 7, 2011. 
  86. ^ "Self-immolating student buried today". The Jakarta Post. December 17, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  87. ^ "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet | International Campaign for Tibet". Savetibet.org. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  88. ^ "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet". Savetibet.org. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  89. ^ "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet". Savetibet.org. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  90. ^ VOA Tibetan (January 9, 2012). "A Tibetan Lama Self-immolates in Golok Darlak". Voanews.com. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  91. ^ "Self-Immolation Fact Sheet". Savetibet.org. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  92. ^ Lafraniere, Sharon (February 5, 2012). "3 Tibetan Herders Self-Immolate in Anti-Chinese Protest". NYtimes. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  93. ^ Wee, Sui-Lee (February 5, 2012). "Three Tibetans self-immolate in western China: report". Reuters. Retrieved March 30, 2012. 
  94. ^ "Rigzin Dorje dies in hospital and Lobsang Kunchok's limbs amputated". Phayul.com. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  95. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet - Sonam Rabyang". International Campaign for Tibet. March 30, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  96. ^ "Self-immolation Fact Sheet: Tenzin Choedron". SaveTibet.org. March 30, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  97. ^ "18 year old nun Tenzin Choedron passes away". Phayul.com. February 13, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  98. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet - Lobsang Gyatso". International Campaign for Tibet. March 30, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  99. ^ "Nineteen year old Kirti monk sets fire to himself in Ngaba". International Campaign for Tibet. February 13, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  100. ^ [1]
  101. ^ "Tibetan Sets Himself on Fire in China". The Wall Street Journal. March 6, 2012. 
  102. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet - Gapey". International Campaign for Tibet. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  103. ^ "Tibetan Monk Self-Immolates in Western China", Associated Press/ABC News.
  104. ^ Phayul.com (March 16, 2012). "Yet Another Self-Immolation Marks a year of Fiery Protests", phayul.com
  105. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet - Sonam Thargyal". International Campaign for Tibet. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  106. ^ "Farmer Dies in New Burning Protest". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  107. ^ "Telangana erupts as activists take their own lives". Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  108. ^ "Tibetan dies from self-immolation in India before Hu visit". Reuters. March 28, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  109. ^ "Tibetan lights self on fire at anti-China protest". Associated Press. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  110. ^ a b Hindustan Times. "Another man dies for Telangana, TRS calls for shutdown". Hindustan Times. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  111. ^ "AP: Suicide politics back on the boil". IBNLive. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  112. ^ "One more suicide attempt for Telangana". IBNLive. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  113. ^ "Two attempt suicide for Telangana". The Times of India. March 28, 2012. 
  114. ^ "Another suicide for Telangana". IBNLive. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  115. ^ "Fire rages on: Tibetan monk dies in fiery protest". Phayul.com. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  116. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet - Lobsang Sherab". International Campaign for Tibet. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  117. ^ "Kirti Monk Self-Immolates, Dies". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  118. ^ Cities | Deccan Chronicle
  119. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet - Tenpa Darjey". International Campaign for Tibet. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  120. ^ a b "Two More Monks Burn Themselves". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  121. ^ "Tibet Immolation Factsheet - Chimey Palden". International Campaign for Tibet. Retrieved March 31, 2012. 
  122. ^ "Self-immolation death toll rises to 24 in Tibet, Chimey Palden declared dead". Phayul.com. Retrieved April 3, 2012. 
  123. ^ "Another youth attempts suicide for Telangana". The Times of India. April 1, 2012. 
  124. ^ "Another suicide attempt by Telangana supporter". The Times of India. March 31, 2012. 
  125. ^ Kanan, Mark (12 July 2012). "First Hand Account of Self-immolations in Lhasa by Taiwanese National". The Tibet Post International. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  126. ^ "Social justice activist sets himself on fire in Tel Aviv". Jerusalem Post. July 14, 2012. 
  127. ^ "Activist Silman who set self on fire dies of wounds". Jerusalem Post. July 20, 2012. 
  128. ^ "mynet באר שבע - ציון וקנין מב"ש מספר למה ניסה להצית את עצמו". ynet. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  129. ^ דרמה בב"ש: ניסה להצית עצמו מול בניין העיריה. ynetews (in Hebrew). July 16, 2012. 
  130. ^ Investigators probe incitement to suicide in self-immolation attempt at United Russia public center in Novosibirsk (Part 2), interfax.com; accessed May 7, 2015.
  131. ^ "Police Probe Self-Immolation Act In Ruling Party's Office In Siberia". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  132. ^ Novosibirsk self-immolation woman dies in hospital
  133. ^ "Disabled IDF veteran sets himself on fire in Yehud". Haaretz.com. July 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  134. ^ He made that because of the social serives
  135. ^ Brother of the 45-year-old disabled veteran who self-immolated at Yehud bus stop tells Haaretz: "The army loves you three feet under, but doesn't love you when you're wounded."
  136. ^ Disabled veteran who set himself on fire dies Akiva Mafi'i, 45, who self-immolated at a bus stop in Yahud some 10 days ago, succumbs to wounds, ynetnews
  137. ^ "Vietnamese blogger's mother sets herself on fire as daughter faces trial". the Guardian. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  138. ^ Kamila Shamsie (5 August 2012). "Vietnam's blog shame". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  139. ^ 26-year-old Tarnovo resident sets himself on fire because of poverty, borbabg.com, February 20, 2013.(Bulgarian)
  140. ^ Stoyanova, Marieta. "Великотърновци почетоха паметта на самозапалилите се Пламен и Траян" (in Bulgarian). Darik News. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  141. ^ Plamen Goranov protesting "Down with TIM" in the city of Varna note TIM being allegedly a major monopolist organisation, Bivol, February 24, 2013.
  142. ^ Bulgarian mayor resigns after man sets himself on fire, Reuters, March 6, 2013.
  143. ^ Man who self-immolated in Varna being operated on today, Trud.bg, 25 February 2013.(Bulgarian)
  144. ^ Plamen Goranov dies, Varna in mourning, trud.bg, March 4, 2013.(Bulgarian)
  145. ^ Impoverished 53-year-old self-immolates in Radnevo municipality, 24chasa.bg, February 26, 2013.(Bulgarian)
  146. ^ 51-year-old self-immolates in front of presidency, Monitor.bg, March 14, 2013.(Bulgarian)
  147. ^ Poverty in Bulgaria drives more to make ultimate sacrifice, BBC.co.uk, May 8, 2013; retrieved May 7, 2015.
  148. ^ Poverty Blamed for Bulgaria's Suicide Wave, New York Times
  149. ^ "Sri Lanka Buddhist monk dies after self-immolation". Retrieved September 25, 2016. 
  150. ^ "Bradenton Herald & Lakewood Ranch Herald". Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  151. ^ "In dying act, minister hoped to inspire social justice". dallasnews.com. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  152. ^ "Funeral of the Ahwazi Arab who set himself on fire turned into demonstration". Ahwaz Human Rights Organization. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  153. ^ "Raise of self-immolation among Ahwazi Arabs due to discrimination and poverty". Ahwazi Centre for Human Rights. 2 June 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  154. ^ "South Korean Man, 80, Sets Self on Fire at Anti-Japan Rally". The New York Times. 2015-08-12. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  155. ^ Boroweic, Steven. "South Korean man lights himself on fire during anti-Japan protest in Seoul". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  156. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/asylum-seeker-selfimmolates-amid-fears-he-would-be-sent-back-to-detention-senate-hearing-told-20151019-gkd81v.html#ixzz47bc7tRH0
  157. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/worldtoday/content/2016/s4454004.htm
  158. ^ "Iranian Asylum Seeker Severely Burnt After Setting Himself On Fire On Nauru". 
  159. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-02/second-refugee-sets-themselves-alight-on-nauru/7377710

External links[edit]

  • "The Self Immolators" – a chronological list of biographies and last statements of known self immolators 1967 to 2013