List of political term limits

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This is a list of term limits for heads of state, heads of government and other notable public office holders by country.

Africa[edit]

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Algeria President Two 5-year terms
 Angola President Two 5-year terms
 Benin President Two 5-year terms
 Botswana President Two 5-year terms
 Burkina Faso President Two 5-year terms
 Burundi President Two 7-year terms, since 2018 Constitutional Reform.
 Chad President Two 6-year terms, since 2018 Constitution.
 Cameroon President Unlimited 7-year terms, from 2008 Constitutional Reform.
 Cape Verde President Two 5-year terms, third term only after 5 years. Prime Minister No term limits
 Central African Republic President Two 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform.
 Comoros President Unlimited 5-year non-consecutive terms, since 2009 Constitutional Reform.
 Côte d’Ivoire President Two 5-year terms, since 2000 Constitutional Referendum.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo President Two 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Referendum.
 Republic of the Congo President Three 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Referendum.
 Djibouti President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitutional Reform.
 Egypt President Two 6-year terms, since 2019 Constitutional Referendum. Prime Minister No term limits
 Equatorial Guinea President Two 7-year terms, starting from 2011 Constitutional Reform.
 Ethiopia President Two 6-year terms, since 1987 Constitutional Reform Prime Minister No term limits
 Eritrea President Two 5-Year terms, since 1993 Constitutional Reform.
 Gabon President Unlimited 7-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform.
 Ghana President Two 4-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum.
 Gambia President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1996 Constitutional Reform.
 Guinea President Two 6-year terms, since 2020 March Constitutional Reform. Prime Minister No term limits
 Guinea-Bissau President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform. Prime Minister No term limits
 Kenya President Two 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitution
 Liberia President Two 6-year terms, since 1986 Constitutional Referendum.
 Lesotho King No set terms (Hereditary succession). Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1998 Constititional Reform.
 Libya Presidential Council No set terms (Transitional)
 Madagascar President Two 5-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum.
 Malawi President Two 5-year terms, since 1995 Constitutional Referendum.
 Mali President Two 5-year terms, since 1992 Constitutional Referendum.
 Mauritania President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum
 Mauritius President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Reform. Prime Minister No term limits
 Morocco King No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2011 Constitutional Reforms.
 Mozambique President Two 5-year terms, since 2004 Constitutional Reforms.
 Namibia President Two 5-year terms, since 1999 Constitutional Reforms.
 Niger President Two 5-year terms, since 2010 Constitutional Referendum.
 Nigeria President Two 4-year terms, since 1999 Constitutional Reforms.
 Rwanda President Two 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform (from 2024).
 São Tomé and Príncipe President Two 5-year terms, since 2003 Constitution Reforms. Prime Minister No term limits
 Senegal President Two 5-year terms, since 2016 Constitutional Reform.
 Seychelles President Two 5-year terms, since 2016 Constitutional Reforms.
 Sierra Leone President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum.
 Somalia President Two 5-year terms, since 1991 Constitutional Referendum.
 South Africa President Two 5-year terms, since 1996 Constitutional Referendum. (.)
 South Sudan President Two 5-year terms, proposed.
 Sudan President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2015 Constitutional Reform.
 Swaziland King No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2005 Constititional Reform.
 Tanzania President Two 5-year terms, since 1977 Constitutional Reform.
 Togo President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2002 Constitutional Reform.
 Tunisia President Two 5-year terms, since 2014 Constitutional Referendum.
 Uganda President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2005 Constitutional Reform.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President No set terms (In exile)
 Zambia President Two 5-year terms, since 2006 Constitutional Reform.
 Zimbabwe President Two 5-year terms, since 2013 Constitutional Referendum.

Americas[edit]

Country Head of state/government Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Argentina President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as President of Argentina again. Vice President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former Vice President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as Vice President of Argentina again.
Senators Unlimited 6-year terms.
Deputies Unlimited 4-year terms.
 Barbados President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must have support of House of Assembly which has a maximum term of 5 years.
 Bolivia President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2017.[1][2] Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms.
 Belize Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must have support of House of Representatives which have a maximum term of 5 years.
 Brazil President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as President of Brazil again. Vice President Two consecutive 4-year terms. Every former Vice President, if they have already served two consecutive terms in a row, has to wait one complete 4-year term, until they can be re-elected into two consecutive 4-year terms as Vice President of Brazil again.
 Canada Governor General No set terms; appointed by monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister. Traditionally serves for one 5-year term alternating between anglophone and francophone appointees. Prime Minister No directly set terms, but the Prime Minister must maintain the support of the House of Commons, which by statute has a maximum term of 4 years.
Premier No directly set terms, but Premiers must maintain the support of their respective provincial or territorial legislative assemblies which have a maximum term of 5 years.
 Chile President Two non-consecutive 4-year terms
 Colombia President One 4-year term Vice President One 4-year term
 Costa Rica President Unlimited non-consecutive 4-year terms
 Cuba President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister Two 5-year terms
First Secretary Two 5-year terms
 Dominican Republic President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
 Ecuador President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
 El Salvador President One 5-year term Vice President One 5-year term
 Guatemala President One 4-year term Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive 4-year terms
 Guyana President Two 5-year terms
 Haiti President Two non-consecutive 5-year terms
 Honduras President One 4-year term Vice President One 4-year term
 Jamaica Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms
 Mexico President One 6-year term (sexenio) Senate Two 6-year terms (since 2018)
 Nicaragua President Unlimited 5-year terms[3] Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms
 Panama President Two non-consecutive 5-year terms Vice President Two non-consecutive 5-year terms
 Paraguay President One 5-year term Vice President One 5-year term
 Peru President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms
 Suriname President Unlimited 5-year terms Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms
 Trinidad and Tobago President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms
 United States President Two 4-year terms (1951-present) (except after succeeding to the Presidency and serving for more than two years, in which case only one subsequent four-year term is permitted). Eligibility of former term limited presidents is unclear (see article on Twenty-Second Amendment). Vice President Unlimited 4-year terms
Senators Unlimited 6-year terms
Representatives Unlimited 2-year terms
 Uruguay President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms Vice President Unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms
 Venezuela President Unlimited 6-year terms, since 2009 Constitutional Referendum. Vice President No fixed terms

Asia[edit]

Country Head of state Head of government/other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Afghanistan President Two 5-year terms Chief Executive 5 years Ad hoc
 Armenia President One 7-year term Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of five years
 Azerbaijan President Unlimited 7-year terms
 Bangladesh President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
 Cambodia King No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No term limits
 Hong Kong Chief Executive Two consecutive 5-year terms
 India President Unlimited 5-year terms Prime Minister No direct term limits, however they must maintain the support of the Indian Parliament which has a term of five years
 Indonesia President Two 5-year terms Vice President Two 5-year terms
 Iran Supreme Leader No term limits President Two consecutive and one non-consecutive 4-year terms
 Iraq President Two 4-year terms Prime Minister Unlimited 4-year terms
 Israel President One 7-year term Prime Minister Between 1948 and 1996, and since 2001: No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Knesset which has an undefined term not exceeding four years.
Between 1996 and 2001 (when the Prime Minister was directly elected): Unlimited undefined terms. Should these terms exceed seven years, the Prime Minister will not be eligible for immediate re-election.
 Japan Emperor No terms (hereditary succession)
Prime Minister Unlimited 4-years terms
Member of the House of Councillors Unlimited 6-year terms
Member of the House of Representatives Unlimited maximum 4-year terms
 Kazakhstan President Two consecutive 5-year terms (Exception for first President)
 Kyrgyzstan President Two 5-year term
 Laos General Secretary Unlimited 5-year terms Prime Minister Two 5-year terms
President Two 5-year terms
 Lebanon President Unlimited non-consecutive 6-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
 Macau Chief Executive Two consecutive 5-year terms Legislative Assembly Unlimited 4-year terms
 Malaysia Monarch Unlimited 5-Year Terms, but because the 9 Sultans of the Malayan states rotate each time between themselves, the unlimited 5-Year Terms are de facto unlimited non-consecutive 5-year terms. Prime Minister No term limits
 Maldives President Two 5-year terms (starting 1998)
 Mongolia President Two 4-year terms (One 6-year term starting 2021) Prime Minister 4-year term
 North Korea General Secretary No set terms Premier Unlimited 5-Year Terms
President of State Affairs Unlimited 5-Year Terms
 Pakistan President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No direct term limits, however they must maintain the support of the Pakistan Parliament which has a term of five years
 People's Republic of China General Secretary Unlimited 5-year terms Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2018 Constitutional Reform.
President Unlimited 5-year terms, since 2018 Constitutional Reform. Premier Two consecutive 5-year terms (Two consecutive terms of National People's Congress session)
 Philippines President One 6-year term Vice President Two consecutive 6-year terms
Senators Two consecutive 6-year terms
Representatives of the House Three consecutive 3-year terms
All other local government officials Three consecutive 3-year terms
 South Korea President One 5-year term Prime Minister No term limits
 Singapore President Unlimited 6-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
 Sri Lanka President Two 5-year terms since 2015 Prime Minister No term limits
 Syria President Two 7-year terms
 ROC President Two consecutive 4-year terms since 1994[4][5] Vice President Same as the president
Members of the Legislative Yuan Unlimited 4-year terms since 2008[6]
County, city and township councilors, and village chiefs Unlimited 4-year terms[7]
County magistrates, and city and township mayors Two consecutive 4-year terms[8]
 Tajikistan President Two 7-year terms (Exception for Founder of peace and national Unity — Leader of the Nation)[9]
 Thailand Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister Two 4-year terms
 Timor-Leste President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No term limits
 Turkey President Two 5-year terms[10] Grand National Assembly of Turkey Unlimited 5-year terms
 Uzbekistan President Two 5-year terms
 Vietnam General Secretary Unlimited 5-year terms (in practice two 5-years terms) Vice President Unlimited 5-year terms (in practice two 5-years terms)
President Unlimited 5-year terms (in practice two 5-years terms) Prime Minister Unlimited 5-year terms (in practice two 5-years terms)

Europe[edit]

Country Head of state Head of government (if effectively supreme to a separate head of state) and other offices
Title Maximum number of terms Title Maximum number of terms
 Albania President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Albanian Parliament which has a term of four years
Constitutional Court judges and High Court judges One 9-year term
Members of the High Council of Justice Unlimited nonconsecutive 5-year terms
Prosecutor General, Ombudsperson Unlimited 5-year terms
Governor of Central Bank and Head of the High State Audit Unlimited 7-year terms
 Austria President Two 6-year terms. When the incumbent President loses their re-election, they can never again be elected to the Office of Federal President of Austria. Chancellor No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Council which has a term of five years
 Belarus President Two 5-year terms
 Belgium Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Representatives which has a term of five years
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidency members Two consecutive 4-year terms, reeligible after four years Chairman of the Council of Ministers (equivalent of Prime Minister) No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the House of Representatives which has a term of four years
 Bulgaria President Two consecutive 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
 Croatia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Sabor which has a term of four years
 Cyprus President Two consecutive 5-year terms
 Czech Republic President Two consecutive 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Deputies which has a term of four years
 Denmark Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Folketing which has a term of four years
 Estonia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Riigikogu which has a term of four years
 Finland President Two consecutive 6-year terms.[11] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Finnish Parliament which has a term of four years
 France President Two consecutive 5-year terms since 2000 constitutional referendum Prime minister No directly defined terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of five years
 Georgia President Two terms: 6 years (2018-2024) 5 years (2024-) Prime Minister of Georgia No directly set terms.
 Germany President Two 5-year terms Chancellor No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Bundestag which has a term of four years
 Greece President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Hellenic Parliament which has a term of four years
 Hungary President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
 Iceland President Unlimited 4-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Althing which has a term of four years
 Ireland President Two 7-year terms Taoiseach (equivalent of Prime Minister) No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Dáil which has a term of five years
 Italy President Unlimited 7-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of both Houses of the Parliament which have a term of five years
 Kosovo President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Assembly which has a term of four years
Constitutional Court judges One 9-year term
Ombudsperson One 5-year term
Auditor General Two 5-year terms
 Latvia President Two 4-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Saeima which has a term of four years
 Lithuania President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Seimas which has a term of four years
 Luxembourg Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Deputies which has a term of five years
 Malta President One 5-year term Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Maltese Parliament which has a term of five years
 Moldova President Two consecutive 4-year terms.[12] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Moldovan Parliament which has a term of four years
 Montenegro President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Montenegrin Parliament which has a term of four years
 Netherlands Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister unlimited terms of 4 years, however they must maintain the support of the House of Representatives which has a term of 4 years
 North Macedonia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Assembly of North Macedonia which has a term of four years
 Norway Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Storting which has a term of four years
 Poland President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Sejm which has a term of four years
 Portugal President Two consecutive 5-year terms. A former President of Portugal, however, if they have already served two consecutive terms, can also be re-elected to another unlimited non-consecutive 5-year term, after a minimum of five years out of office since the end of their last term in office. Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Assembly of the Republic which has a term of less than four years
Presidents of local authorities (concelho and freguesia) Three consecutive 4-year terms
 Romania President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Chamber of Deputies, as well as the support of the Senate, both of which have a term of less than four years
 Russia President Two 6-year terms[13] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the President of which has a term of six years, as well as the support of the State Duma which has a term of five years
 San Marino Captain-Regent Unlimited non-consecutive 6-month terms, but an outgoing Captain Regent of San Marino must wait for a minimum of three years, until they can be elected again into this office.
 Serbia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
 Slovakia President Two consecutive 5-year terms.[14] Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Council which has a term of four years
 Slovenia President Two 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the National Assembly which has a term of four years
 Spain Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Congress of Deputies which has a term of four years
 Sweden Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Riksdag which has a term of four years
  Switzerland President of the Confederation Unlimited non-consecutive 1-year terms Federal Council Unlimited 4-year terms
 United Kingdom Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession) Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the House of Commons which has a term of five years
 Ukraine President Two consecutive 5-year terms Prime Minister No directly set terms, however they must maintain the support of the Verkhovna Rada which has a term of five years
  Vatican City Pope Lifetime term Cardinal Secretary of State No set term, he holds office as long as the pope who appointed him is in office/dismissed by the Pope/opts to retire.
Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church Papal appointment, appointee holds office while Pope who appointed them is in office/dismissed by the Pope/opts to retire.
Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State No set term, he holds office as long as the pope who appointed him is in office/dismissed by the Pope/opts to retire.
Dean of the College of Cardinals Two 5-year terms/dismissed by the Pope/opts to retire.
College of Cardinals Lifetime term; voting rights last until 80 years of age

Oceania[edit]

Country Head of state Other
Title Maximum number of terms Office Maximum number of terms
 Australia Governor-General No term limits, but traditionally serve for one 5-year term. Prime Minister No directly set terms, however, must maintain the confidence of the House of Representatives which has 3 year terms.
 Federated States of Micronesia President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
 Fiji President Two 3-year terms
 Kiribati President Three 4-year terms Vice President Three 4-year terms
 Marshall Islands President Two 4-year terms
 New Zealand Governor-General No term limits, but traditionally serve for one 5-year term. Prime Minister No directly set terms, however, must maintain the confidence of the House of Representatives which has 3 year terms.
 Nauru President Two 3-year terms
 Palau President Two 4-year terms Vice President Two 4-year terms
 Samoa Chief of State Two 5-year terms since 2019. Before 2019, the number of 5-year terms was Unlimited; however, the first officeholder served for life. Prime Minister No term limit
 Solomon Islands Governor-General Two 5-year terms
 Tonga Monarch No set terms (Hereditary succession)
 Vanuatu President One 5-year term

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bolivian court clears way for Morales to run for fourth term Reuters, 28 November 2017
  2. ^ Blair, Laurence (3 December 2017). "Evo for ever? Bolivia scraps term limits as critics blast 'coup' to keep Morales in power". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Nicaragua backs unlimited presidential terms". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  4. ^ Section 6 of Article 2 of the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China
  5. ^ Two consecutive six-year terms from 1947 to 1994 under Article 47 of the Constitution of the Republic of China, but unlimited six-year terms from 1960 to 1991 as superseded by the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion.
  6. ^ Article 4 of the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China
  7. ^ Articles 33 and 59 of the Local Government Act
  8. ^ Articles 55, 56, and 57 of the Local Government Act
  9. ^ France-Presse, Agence (22 January 2016). "Tajikistan parliament paves way for president to rule for life". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Turks back direct president poll". BBC NEWS. 21 October 2007.
  11. ^ Constitution of Finland, Chapter 5, Section 54: "The same person may be elected President for no more than two consecutive terms of office".
  12. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, Article 80.4: "No person may discharge the duties of the President of the Republic of Moldova unless for two consecutive mandates at the most".
  13. ^ Constitution of the Russian Federation, Chapter 4, Article 81.3: "One and the same person may not be elected President of the Russian Federation for more than two terms."
  14. ^ Constitution of the Slovak Republic, Article 103.2: "The same person may be elected President for not more than two consecutive terms".

Sources[edit]