List of polygamy court cases

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Polygamy is the state of being married to more than one person at the same time. It is illegal in many countries. The following is a list of polygamy court cases:

Canada[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

  • Hyde v. Hyde (1866) {L.R.} 1 P. & D. 130 — Established the modern understanding and legal definition of marriage
  • Bethell v. Hillyard (1885) 38 Ch.D. 220. [1885 B. 2119.] — a potentially polygamous marriage is void
  • R v Smith 1994 15 Cr App R (S) 407 — used divorce papers to marry again[3]
  • R v Cairns [1997] 1 Cr App R (S) — used polygamy to circumvent immigration controls[3]

United States[edit]

19th century
20th century
  • Chatwin v. United States, 326 U.S. 455 (1946) — underaged polygamous marriage with consent not prosecutable under the Federal Kidnapping Act
  • Cleveland v. United States, 329 U.S. 14 (1946) — polygamous marriage an "immoral purpose" under the Mann Act
  • Musser v. Utah, 333 U.S. 95 (1948) — polygamy not religious free speech
  • In re Black, 3 Utah 2d 315 (1955) [283 P.2d 887][4] — raising children in a polygamist household is evidence of child neglect; the state can remove and retain custody of children while their parents unlawful cohabitation continues
  • Potter v. Murray City, 760 F.2d 1065 (10th Cir. 1985)[5] — "the State is justified, by a compelling interest, in upholding and enforcing its ban on plural marriage"
  • Barlow v. Blackburn, 165 Ariz. 351, 356, 798 P.2d 1360, 1365 (App.1990)[6] — "Barlow's practice of polygamy justif[ies] revoking or suspending his peace officer certification" as "Arizona's constitutional prohibition against polygamy is valid" and "Arizona's compelling state interest [...] justifies an infringement upon Barlow's religiously-motivated conduct"
  • In re Adoption of W.A.T. (a.k.a. Johanson v. Fischer), 808 P.2d 1083 (Utah 1991)[7] — "no legitimate basis for the courts to disqualify all bigamists (polygamists) as potential adopters"[8]
  • Barlow v. Evans, 993 F.Supp. 1390 (D.Utah 1997)[9]Fair Housing Act prohibition of religious discrimination does not provide protection for polygamists
21st century
  • State of Utah v. Green (a.k.a. State v. Green, Utah v. Green), 2004 UT 76 [99 P.3d 820][10] — Utah's polgamy ban upheld
  • Warren Jeffs prosecution
  • Brown v. Buhman, 11-cv-0652-CW (2013)[11] — the portions of Utah's anti-polygamy laws which prohibit multiple cohabitation ruled unconstitutional, but Utah allowed to maintain its ban on multiple marriage licenses[12][13][14][15]
  • Carrick v. Snyder , 5:2015cv10108, Current Case before Michigan's Eastern District Federal brought by the Rev. Neil Patrick Carrick holding that it is a violation of the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment to prohibit clergy from performing same sex wedding ceremonies.[16][17]
  • Collier et al v. Fox et al, 1:15-cv-00083, Current case brought by Nathan Collier et al in Montana District Court, seeking a marriage license for Nathan Collier and Christine Collier. Nathan Collier currently has a legal marriage with Victoria Collier.
  • Mayle v. Orr et al, 17-cv-00449[18], brought by Kenneth Mayle in U.S. District 7 (Northern Illinois) seeking to strike Illinois laws on Bigamy,[19] Adultery[20][21][22], and Fornication[23] laws based on religious beliefs, practice, and philosophies of Satanism and Thelema including Enochian Sex Magick.[24] The complaint claims these laws violate the 1st and 14th amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The case was dismissed on 4/10/2017. An attempt at an appeal was denied on 11/3/2017 based on a procedural error.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Reference re: Section 293 of the Criminal Code of Canada, 2011 BCSC 1588", British Columbia: Supreme Court of British Columbia [CanLII.org], Canadian Legal Information Institute 
  2. ^ Phelan, Alexandra (23 November 2011), "Case notes: Canadian Court says criminalisation of polygamy is a valid limitation on the right to freedom and liberty", hrlc.org.au, Human Rights Law Centre (Melbourne, Vic) 
  3. ^ a b "Sentencing manual: Bigamy", Prosecution Policy and Guidance: Legal Guidance [cps.gov.uk], Crown Prosecution Service, retrieved 2014-09-17 
  4. ^ "In Re State in Interest of Black", Utah Case Law: Utah Supreme Court Decisions, 1955, Justia [Law.Justia.com] 
  5. ^ "760 F. 2d 1065 - Potter v. Murray City G M L", OpenJurist.org, OpenJurist 
  6. ^ Barlow v. Blackburn, 798 P. 2d 1360 - Ariz: Court of Appeals, 1st Div., Dept. C 1990 – via Google Scholar 
  7. ^ "Matter of Adoption of WAT", Utah Case Law: Utah Supreme Court Decisions, 1991, Justia [Law.Justia.com] 
  8. ^ "Satanism". Wikipedia. 2017-05-16. 
  9. ^ "Barlow v. Evans, 993 F. Supp. 1390 (D. Utah 1997)", CourtListener.com, CourtListener, Free Law Project 
  10. ^ "State of Utah v. Green", Utah Case Law: Utah Supreme Court Decisions, 2004, Justia [Law.Justia.com] 
  11. ^ Waddoups, Clark (December 13, 2013), Memorandum Decision And Order Granting In Part Plaintiffs' Motion For Summary Judgement, Case No. 2:11-cv-0652-CW 
  12. ^ Schwartz, John (September 14, 2013), "A Law Prohibiting Polygamy is Weakened", New York Times 
  13. ^ Mears, Bill (December 14, 2013). "'Sister Wives' case: Judge strikes down part of Utah polygamy law". CNN.com. CNN. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  14. ^ Peggy Fletcher Stack (December 14, 2013), "Laws on Mormon polygamists lead to win for plural marriage", The Salt Lake Tribune, retrieved 2013-12-19 
  15. ^ Reversed by 10th Circuit in Brown v. Buhman, 822 F.3d 1151 (10th Cir. 2016). https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=16589478949043800904&hl=en&as_sdt=6&as_vis=1&oi=scholarr
  16. ^ "Carrick v. Snyder et al". Justia Dockets & Filings. 
  17. ^ Oralandar Brand-Williams, The Detroit News (13 January 2015). "Minister sues Mich. for right to marry same-sex couples". detroitnews.com. 
  18. ^ "Mayle v. Orr, Dist. Court, ND Illinois 2017". Google Scholar. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  19. ^ "Illinois General Assembly - Illinois Compiled Statutes". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-17. 
  20. ^ http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/fulltext.asp?DocName=072000050K11-35
  21. ^ "Satanist to Chicago Judge: Anti-Adultery Law Has 'Chilling Effect' On Relationships". NBC Chicago. NBC. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  22. ^ "Illinois judge tosses adultery-related suit from Satanist". Fox 2 News. Fox News. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  23. ^ "Illinois General Assembly - Illinois Compiled Statutes". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-17. 
  24. ^ "Enochian magic". Wikipedia. 2017-04-11.