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List of population centres in British Columbia

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Population centre, in Canadian census data, is a populated place, or a cluster of interrelated populated places, which meets the demographic characteristics of an urban area, having a population of at least 1,000 people and a population density of no fewer than 400 persons per square km2.[1]

The term was first introduced in the Canada 2011 Census; prior to that, Statistics Canada used the term urban area.[1]

In the 2011 census, Statistics Canada listed 100 population centres in the province of British Columbia.[2]

Characteristics

A population centre does not necessarily correspond to the boundaries of a municipality, a census division or a metropolitan area, but solely to a band of census dissemination blocks that meets the statistical definition of an urban area. A less densely populated or unpopulated area within a city's municipal boundaries may not be included as part of its urban area, while neighbouring municipalities whose urban development is directly contiguous with the main city's urban core population will be included.

For example, the cities of Surrey and White Rock are part of Metro Vancouver; however, the population centre of Vancouver includes only the urbanized northern part of Surrey. As a band of more sparsely populated rural area separates White Rock and the adjacent South Surrey neighbourhood from northern Surrey, these communities form the distinct population centre of White Rock and are not part of Vancouver's statistical urban area.[3] Similarly, the district municipality of Delta is also part of Metro Vancouver, while the population centre of Vancouver does not include any part of Delta, and instead the neighbourhoods of Ladner and Tsawwassen each constitute their own separate small population centres.

List

Rank Population centre Size group Population in 2016  Population in 2011 % Change
1 Vancouver Large urban 2,264,823 2,124,443 +6.6%
2 Victoria Large urban 335,696 314,596 +6.7%
3 Kelowna Large urban 151,957 140,131 +8.4%
4 Abbotsford Large urban 121,279 115,011 +5.4%
5 White Rock Medium 93,729 85,062 +7.8%
6 Nanaimo Medium 92,004 85,357 +10.2%
7 Kamloops Medium 78,026 72,755 +7.2%
8 Chilliwack Medium 73,161 67,374 +8.6%
9 Prince George Medium 65,510 62,623 +4.6%
10 Vernon Medium 48,073 46,125 +4.2%
11 Courtenay Medium 45,018 43,346 +3.9%
12 Campbell River Medium 35,138 33,448 +5.1%
13 Penticton Medium 33,617 32,823 +2.4%
14 Mission Medium 33,261 31,109 +6.9%
15 Parksville Small 23,574 22,493 +4.8%
16 Duncan Small 23,278 22,179 +3.3%
17 Ladner Small 22,193 22,539 +0.1%
18 Tsawwassen Small 21,588 21,439 +0.7%
19 Port Alberni Small 20,712 20,823 -0.5%
20 Fort St. John Small 19,897 18,572 +7.1%
21 Cranbrook Small 19,259 18,761 +2.7%
22 Squamish Small 17,587 15,554 +13.1%
23 Terrace Small 13,663 13,395 +2.0%
24 Salmon Arm Small 12,875 12,218 +5.4%
25 Trail-Fruitvale Small 12,643 12,427 +1.7%
26 Powell River Small 12,384 12,374 +0.1%
27 Quesnel Small 12,064 12,216 -1.2%
28 Aldergrove Small 12,007 12,083 -0.6%
29 Prince Rupert Small 11,733 11,985 -2.1%
30 Dawson Creek Small 11,574 10,987 +5.3%
31 Nelson Small 10,664 10,347 +3.1%
32 Ladysmith Small 10,637 9,904 +7.4%
33 Williams Lake Small 10,508 10,902 -3.6%
34 Sooke Small 9,269 8,238 +12.5%
35 Gibsons Small 9,132 8,767 +4.2%
36 Castlegar Small 9,023 8,815 +2.4%
37 Sechelt Small 8,832 8,060 +9.6%
38 Summerland Small 8,742 8,456 +3.4%
39 Whistler Small 8,713 7,176 +21.4%
40 Shawnigan-Mill Bay Small 7,021 6,543 +7.3%
41 Duck Lake Small 6,982 6,764 +3.2%
42 Revelstoke Small 6,719 6,298 +6.7%
43 Kitimat Small 6,394 6,633 -3.6%
44 Smithers Small 5,351 5,400 -0.9%
45 Merritt Small 5,321 5,447 -2.3%
46 Oliver Small 5,279 5,037 +4.8%
47 Creston Small 5,226 5,159 +1.3%
48 Armstrong Small 5,114 4,830 +5.9%
49 Fernie Small 4,850 4,156 +16.7%
50 Peachland Small 4,698 4,527 +3.8%
51 Osoyoos Small 4,520 4,210 +7.4%
52 Kimberley Small 4,513 4,178 +8.0%
53 Dallas Small 4,479 4,445 +0.8%
54 Hope Small 4,067 3,911 +4.0%
55 Grand Forks Small 3,953 3,892 +1.6%
56 Kent Small 3,802 3,399 +11.9%
57 Port Hardy Small 3,643 3,552 +2.6%
58 Cumberland Small 3,600 3,271 +10.1%
59 Cobble Hill Small 3,580 3,337 +7.3%
60 Aldergrove East Small 3,491 2,383 +46.5%
61 Sparwood Small 3,490 3,511 -0.6%
62 Fort Nelson Small 3,366 3,561 -5.5%
63 Mackenzie Small 3,262 3,087 +5.7%
64 Golden Small 3,240 3,262 -0.7%
65 Rossland Small 3,219 3,134 +2.7%
66 Chemainus Small 3,021 2,914 +3.7%
67 Lake Cowichan Small 3,013 2,848 +5.8%
68 Enderby Small 2,964 2,932 +1.1%
69 Invermere Small 2,882 2,537 +13.6%
70 Princeton Small 2,745 2,579 +6.4%
71 Cowichan Bay Small 2,394 2,108 +13.6%
72 Chase Small 2,263 2,463 -8.1%
73 Okanagan Falls Small 2,167 2,080 +4.2%
74 Houston Small 2,126 2,120 +0.3%
75 Port McNeill Small 2,064 2,186 -5.6%
76 Tumbler Ridge Small 1,982 2,700 -26.6%
77 Vanderhoof Small 1,979 1,980 -0.1%
78 Blind Bay Small 1,976 1,915 +3.2%
79 Pemberton Small 1,957 1,738 +12.6%
80 Rayleigh Small 1,951 2,014 -3.1%
81 Burns Lake Small 1,932 1,771 -13.1%
82 Roberts Creek Small 1,848 2,222 +4.3%
83 One Hundred Mile House Small 1,811 1,721 +5.2%
84 Sicamous Small 1,786 1,843 -3.1%
85 Elkford Small 1,752 1,791 -2.2%
86 Rosedale Small 1,741 1,744 -0.2%
87 Keremeos Small 1,714 1,479 +15.9%
88 Cedar Small 1,674 1,595 +5.0%
89 Ucluelet Small 1,576 1,525 +3.3%
90 Lillooet Small 1,560 1,545 +1.0%
91 Fort St. James Small 1,510 1,393 +8.4%
92 Puntledge Small 1,387 1,358 +2.1%
93 Crofton Small 1,373 1,322 +3.9%
94 Lions Bay Small 1,334 1,318 +1.2%
95 Lumby Small 1,303 1,248 +2.0%
96 Harrison Hot Springs Small 1,242 1,248 -0.5%
97 Logan Lake Small 1,208 1,245 -3.0%
98 Telkwa Small 1,160 1,163 -0.3%
99 Fairwinds Small 1,147 1,060 +8.2%
100 Salmo Small 1,141 1,139 +0.2%
101 Nakusp Small 1,130 1,094 +3.3%
102 Welcome Beach Small 1,125 1,155 -2.6%
103 Miller's Landing Small 1,097 1,113 -1.4%
104 Ashcroft Small 1,084 1,151 -5.8%
105 Canoe Small 1,081 1,149 -5.9%
106 Cultus Lake Small 1,053 1,071 -1.7%
107 Naramata Small 1,003 915 +9.6%

References