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List of population centres in Ontario

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Population centre, in Canadian census data, is a type of census division which meets the demographic characteristics of an urban area, having a population of at least 1,000 people and a population density of no fewer than 400 persons per square km2.[1] Note that the population of a "population centre" is not the same thing as the population of a municipality; the population centre can include areas outside the municipal boundaries which are directly contiguous with the municipality's urban area, and can exclude areas inside the municipal boundaries which are less densely urbanized.

The term was first introduced in the Canada 2011 Census; prior to that, Statistics Canada used the term urban area.[1]

In the 2016 census, Statistics Canada listed 286 population centres in the province of Ontario.[2]

List

Rank Population centre Size group Population in 2016  Population in 2011  % Change
1 Toronto Large urban 5,429,524 5,144,412 +5.5%
2 Ottawa–Gatineau (ON/QC) Large urban 989,567 945,592 +4.7%
3 Hamilton Large urban 693,645 671,008 +3.4%
4 Kitchener Large urban 470,015 446,295 +5.3%
5 London Large urban 383,437 365,715 +4.8%
6 Oshawa Large urban 308,875 290,704 +6.3%
7 Windsor Large urban 287,069 277,970 +3.3%
8 St. CatharinesNiagara Large urban 229,246 220,616 +3.9%
9 Barrie Large urban 145,614 140,383 +3.7%
10 Guelph Large urban 132,397 122,457 +8.1%
11 Kingston Large urban 117,660 114,928 +2.4%
12 Kanata Large urban 117,304 104,559 +12.2%
13 Milton Large urban 101,715 75,880 +34.0%
14 Brantford Medium 98,179 94,269 +4.1%
15 Thunder Bay Medium 93,952 95,251 -1.4%
16 Sudbury Medium 88,054 87,950 +0.1%
17 Peterborough Medium 82,094 79,863 +2.8%
18 Sarnia Medium 72,125 73,044 -1.3%
19 Belleville Medium 67,666 66,331 +2.0%
20 Sault Ste. Marie Medium 66,313 68,143 -2.7%
21 WellandPelham Medium 62,388 60,540 +3.1%
22 North Bay Medium 50,396 52,405 -3.8%
23 Cornwall Medium 45,723 45,508 +0.5%
24 Chatham Medium 43,550 44,676 -2.5%
25 Georgetown Medium 42,123 40,185 +4.8%
26 St. Thomas Medium 41,813 40,973 +2.1%
27 Woodstock Medium 40,404 37,443 +7.9%
28 Bowmanville Medium 39,371 35,168 +12.0%
29 Leamington Medium 32,991 32,520 +1.4%
30 Stouffville Small 32,634 24,654 +32.4%
31 Orillia Medium 31,128 30,546 +1.9%
32 Stratford Medium 31,053 30,516 +1.8%
33 Orangeville Medium 30,734 29,007 +6.0%
34 Bradford Small 29,862 23,024 +29.7%
35 Timmins Medium 29,331 30,485 -3.8%
36 KeswickElmhurst Beach Small 26,757 26,002 +2.9%
37 Bolton Small 26,378 27,108 -2.7%
38 Midland Medium 24,353 23,791 +2.4%
39 Innisfil Small 23,992 20,365 +17.8%
40 Owen Sound Small 22,032 22,354 -1.4%
41 Brockville Small 21,854 22,286 -1.9%
42 Fergus Small 20,767 19,335 +7.4%
43 Lindsay Small 20,713 20,291 +2.1%
44 Collingwood Small 20,102 17,986 +11.8%
45 Cobourg Small 19,031 18,088 +5.2%
46 Alliston Small 18,809 15,343 +22.6%
47 Wasaga Beach Small 17,808 15,378 +15.8%
48 Valley East Small 17,451 17,343 +0.6%
49 Pembroke Small 15,940 16,469 -3.2%
50 Tillsonburg Small 15,594 14,933 +4.4%
51 Port Colborne Small 15,037 15,079 -0.3%
52 Fort Erie Small 14,621 14,490 +0.9%
53 Strathroy Small 14,401 14,391 +0.1%
54 Simcoe Small 13,922 13,383 +4.0%
55 Amherstburg Small 13,910 13,724 +1.4%
56 Petawawa Small 13,701 12,402 +10.5%
57 New Hamburg Small 13,595 11,709 +16.1%
58 AngusBorden CFB-BFC Small 12,640 10,132 +24.8%
59 Ingersoll Small 12,587 11,977 +5.1%
59 Port Hope Small 12,587 12,177 +3.4%
61 Paris Small 12,310 11,722 +5.0%
62 Rockland Small 12,302 10,980 +12.0%
63 Carleton Place Small 11,936 10,829 +10.2%
64 Beamsville Small 11,834 10,655 +11.1%
65 Uxbridge Small 11,832 11,709 +1.1%
66 Hawkesbury (ON/QC) Small 11,715 11,894 -1.5%
67 Kenora Small 10,687 10,970 -2.6%
68 Elliot Lake Small 10,498 11,162 -5.9%
69 Arnprior Small 10,426 9,892 +5.4%
70 Elmira Small 10,161 9,677 +5.0%
71 Wallaceburg Small 10,098 10,127 -0.3%
72 Caledonia Small 9,674 9,871 -2.0%
73 Acton Small 9,462 9,506 -0.5%
74 Port Perry Small 9,453 9,717 -2.7%
75 Bracebridge Small 9,232 9,030 +2.2%
76 Newcastle Small 9,167 8,217 +11.6%
77 Smiths Falls Small 8,885 9,279 -4.2%
78 Binbrook Small 8,794 4,926 +78.5%
79 Crystal Beach Small 8,524 8,059 +5.8%
80 Kincardine Small 8,315 7,802 +6.6%
81 Renfrew Small 8,152 8,121 +0.4%
82 Shelburne Small 8,126 5,841 +39.1%
83 Port Elgin Small 7,862 7,304 +7.6%
84 Aylmer Small 7,621 7,249 +5.1%
85 Goderich Small 7,536 7,327 +2.9%
86 Sutton Small 7,531 6,694 +12.5%
87 Listowel Small 7,530 6,828 +10.3%
88 Essex Small 7,446 7,127 +4.5%
89 Napanee Small 7,439 7,134 +4.3%
90 Fort Frances Small 7,420 7,618 -2.6%
91 Hanover Small 7,413 7,240 +2.4%
92 Kapuskasing Small 7,378 7,250 +1.8%
93 King Small 6,970 4,603 +51.4%
94 St. Marys Small 6,951 6,373 +9.1%
95 Embrun Small 6,918 6,380 +8.4%
96 Sturgeon Falls Small 6,798 6,672 +1.9%
97 Huntsville Small 6,482 6,405 +1.2%
98 Parry Sound Small 6,321 6,078 +4.0%
99 Kirkland Lake Small 6,305 6,583 -4.2%
100 Chelmsford Small 6,215 5,861 +6.0%
101 Port Dover Small 6,161 5,710 +7.9%
102 Brighton Small 5,861 5,267 +11.3%
103 Dunnville Small 5,759 5,267 +2.4%
104 Manotick Station Small 5,738 5,424 +5.8%
105 Corunna Small 5,686 5,892 -3.5%
106 Chippawa Small 5,620 5,246 +7.1%
107 Lively Small 5,608 5,584 +0.4%
108 Dryden Small 5,586 5,534 +0.9%
109 Perth Small 5,573 5,580 -0.1%
110 Smithville Small 5,489 4,842 +13.4%
111 Tay Small 5,408 5,217 +3.7%
112 Petrolia Small 5,375 5,144 +4.5%
113 Gravenhurst Small 5,349 4,959 +7.9%
114 Gananoque Small 5,159 5,194 -0.7%
115 Tottenham Small 5,143 4,720 +9.0%
116 Almonte Small 5,039 4,822 +4.5%
117 Mount Albert Small 4,925 4,044 +21.8%
118 Meaford Small 4,910 4,860 +1.0%
119 Tilbury Small 4,768 4,675 +2.0%
120 Porcupine Small 4,716 5,218 -9.6%
121 Picton Small 4,702 4,474 +5.1%
122 Azilda Small 4,663 3,996 +16.7%
123 Mississauga Beach Small 4,662 4,349 +7.2%
124 Exeter Small 4,649 4,210 +10.4%
125 Mount Forest Small 4,643 4,466 +4.0%
126 Rockwood Small 4,629 4,290 +7.9%
127 Nobleton Small 4,614 2,554 +80.7%
128 Mitchell Small 4,573 4,257 +7.4%
129 Walkerton Small 4,517 4,403 +2.6%
130 Russell Small 4,464 3,796 +17.6%
131 New Liskeard Small 4,402 4,676 -5.6%
132 Blenheim Small 4,344 4,595 -5.5%
133 Caledon East Small 4,282 2,706 +58.2%
134 Delhi Small 4,240 4,172 +1.6%
135 Ayr Small 4,171 3,909 +6.7%
136 Vineland Small 4,074 3,807 +7.0%
137 Richmond Small 4,055 3,854 +5.2%
138 Stayner Small 4,029 3,844 +4.8%
139 Prescott Small 3,965 4,010 -1.1%
140 Kemptville Small 3,911 3,620 +8.0%
141 Dorchester Small 3,911 4,003 -2.3%
142 Beeton Small 3,730 3,730 +4.3%
143 Hearst Small 3,835 3,818 +0.4%
144 Espanola Small 3,693 3,914 -5.6%
145 Southampton Small 3,678 3,382 +8.8%
146 Deep River Small 3,658 3,800 -3.7%
147 Cochrane Small 3,648 3,709 -1.6%
148 Casselman Small 3,563 3,642 -2.2%
149 Bobcaygeon Small 3,525 3,508 +0.5%
150 Campbellford Small 3,473 3,483 -0.3%
151 Haileybury Small 3,266 3,462 -5.7%
152 St. George Small 3,255 3,124 +4.2%
153 Wellesley Small 3,246 2,929 +10.8%
154 Ballantrae Small 3,223 2,994 +7.6%
155 Marathon Small 3,138 3,203 -2.0%
156 Waterford Small 3,132 3,027 +3.5%
157 Clinton Small 3,049 2,979 +2.3%
158 Ridgetown Small 3,002 2,986 +0.5%
159 Iroquois Falls Small 2,955 3,071 -3.8%
160 Tavistock Small 2,955 2,784 +6.1%
161 Bridgenorth–Chemong Park Area Small 2,945 2,934 +0.4%
162 Sioux Lookout Small 2,941 2,937 +0.1%
163 Hagersville Small 2,939 2,579 +14.0%
164 Virgil Small 2,937 2,734 +7.4%
165 Wingham Small 2,934 2,875 +2.1%
166 Wheatley Small 2,898 2,934 -1.0%
167 Norwich Small 2,852 2,707 +5.4%
168 Alexandria Small 2,924 2,924 -2.7%
169 Frankford Small 2,825 2,554 +10.6%
170 Beaverton Small 2,822 2,792 +1.1%
171 Capreol Small 2,815 2,875 -2.1%
172 Lakefield Small 2,753 2,676 +2.9%
173 Harrow Small 2,710 2,713 -0.1%
174 Schomberg Small 2,691 2,321 +15.9%
175 Grand Bend Small 2,684 2,564 +4.9%
176 Seaforth Small 2,680 2,627 +2.0%
177 Erin Small 2,647 2,523 +4.9%
178 Palmerston Small 2,624 2,599 +1.0%
179 Wawa Small 2,610 2,634 -0.9%
180 Durham Small 2,609 2,635 -1.0%
181 Osgoode Small 2,578 2,505 +2.9%
182 Lucan Small 2,541 2,014 +26.2%
183 Thornbury Small 2,485 2,363 +5.2%
184 Fenelon Falls Small 2,464 2,279 +8.1%
185 Dresden Small 2,451 2,385 +2.8%
186 Winchester Small 2,394 2,460 -2.7%
187 Morrisburg Small 2,385 2,386 +0.0%
188 Wyoming Small 2,361 2,248 +5.0%
189 Arthur Small 2,333 2,314 +0.8%
190 Elmvale Small 2,314 2,248 +2.9%
191 Constance Bay Small 2,314 2,364 -2.1%
192 Blind River Small 2,284 2,426 -5.9%
193 Forest Small 2,277 2,389 -4.7%
194 Colchester Small 2,229 2,104 +5.9%
195 Port Stanley Small 2,148 2,270 -5.4%
196 Glencoe Small 2,126 2,065 +3.0%
197 Thamesford Small 2,116 1,953 +8.3%
198 Drayton Small 2,111 1,775 +18.9%
199 Limoges Small 2,048 1,723 +18.9%
200 Dundalk Small 2,046 1,988 +2.9%
201 Stirling Small 2,030 2,027 +0.1%
202 Wiarton Small 1,989 2,034 -2.2%
203 St. Jacobs Small 1,988 1,891 +5.1%
204 Atikokan Small 1,944 1,943 +0.1%
205 Carlisle Small 1,869 1,879 -0.5%
206 McGregor Small 1,859 1,474 +26.1%
207 Ilderton Small 1,856 1,700 +9.2%
208 Cannington Small 1,845 1,808 +2.0%
209 Chesley Small 1,843 1,895 -2.7%
210 Mount Brydges Small 1,842 1,834 +0.4%
211 Geraldton Small 1,828 1,810 +1.0%
212 Coniston Small 1,814 1,857 -2.3%
213 Factory Island Small 1,807 1,869 -3.3%
214 Harriston Small 1,797 1,700 +5.7%
215 Mattawa Small 1,786 1,789 -0.2%
216 Wendover Small 1,785 1,302 +37.1%
217 Long Sault Small 1,779 1,605 +10.8%
218 Metcalfe Small 1,776 1,763 +0.7%
219 Vankleek Hill Small 1,742 1,789 -2.6%
220 Parkhill Small 1,737 1,853 -6.3%
221 Cardinal Small 1,717 1,789 -4.0%
222 Cayuga Small 1,713 1,622 +5.6%
223 Manitouwadge Small 1,708 1,783 -4.2%
224 Tweed Small 1,701 1,614 +5.4%
225 Millbrook Small 1,695 1,597 +6.1%
226 Oro Station–Hawkestone Small 1,691 1,682 +0.5%
227 Chesterville Small 1,677 1,448 +15.8%
228 Everett Small 1,670 1,645 +1.5%
229 Deseronto Small 1,645 1,673 -1.7%
230 Grand Valley Small 1,643 1,476 +11.3%
231 Marmora Small 1,629 1,466 +11.1%
232 Colborne Small 1,577 1,405 +12.2%
233 Milverton Small 1,576 1,476 +6.8%
234 Little Current Small 1,558 1,435 +8.6%
235 Amigo Beach Small 1,545 1,390 +11.2%
236 Watford Small 1,536 1,491 +3.0%
237 Madoc Small 1,535 1,486 +3.3%
238 Attawapiskat 91a Small 1,501 N/A N/A
239 Caledon Small 1,482 1,572 -5.7%
240 Dowling Small 1,466 1,546 -5.2%
241 L'Orignal Small 1,450 1,403 +3.3%
242 Longlac Small 1,434 1,383 +3.7%
243 Englehart Small 1,418 1,449 -2.1%
244 Moosonee Small 1,405 1,632 -13.9%
245 Ingleside Small 1,384 1,369 +1.1%
246 Norwood Small 1,380 1,390 -0.7%
247 Dutton Small 1,368 1,300 +5.2%
248 Plattsville Small 1,366 1,143 +19.5%
249 Powassan Small 1,343 1,255 +7.0%
250 Wikwemikong Small 1,342 1,291 +4.0%
251 West Lorne Small 1,337 1,415 -5.5%
252 Omemee Small 1,271 1,203 +5.7%
253 Barry's Bay Small 1,259 1,241 +1.5%
254 Sunderland Small 1,243 1,085 +14.6%
255 Mildmay Small 1,219 1,178 +3.5%
256 Markdale Small 1,216 1,175 +3.5%
257 Cookstown Small 1,214 975 +24.5%
258 Claremont Small 1,202 1,175 +2.3%
259 Marchmont–Bass Lake Small 1,191 1,127 +5.7%
260 Alfred Small 1,185 1,035 +14.5%
261 Bath Small 1,180 1,042 +13.2%
262 Stevensville Small 1,179 1,054 +11.9%
263 Red Lake Small 1,177 1,195 -1.5%
264 Havelock Small 1,175 1,131 +3.9
265 Thessalon Small 1,175 1,140 +3.1%
266 Chapleau Small 1,170 1,226 -4.6%
266 Creemore Small 1,170 1,147 +2.0%
268 Bourget Small 1,169 1,080 +8.2%
269 Brussels Small 1,158 952 +21.6%
270 Golden Small 1,154 1,220 -5.4%
271 Haliburton Village Small 1,149 1,041 +10.4%
272 Belmont Small 1,140 1,026 +11.1%
273 Lucknow Small 1,121 1,095 +2.4%
274 New Dundee Small 1,119 1,219 -8.2%
275 Cobalt Small 1,118 1,122 -0.4%
276 Hastings Small 1,115 1,030 +8.3%
277 Bayfield Small 1,112 951 +16.9%
278 Orono Small 1,105 1,150 -3.9%
279 Port Rowan Small 1,102 1,069 +3.1%
280 Stoney Point Small 1,087 1,146 -5.1%
281 Paisley Small 1,045 998 +4.7%
282 Palgrave Small 1,044 1,002 +4.2%
283 Jarvis Small 1,037 913 +13.6%
284 Chalk River Small 1,029 973 +5.8%
285 Iroquois Small 1,027 1,004 +2.3%
286 Eganville Small 1,022 963 +6.1%

See also

References