List of positions filled by presidential appointment with Senate confirmation

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Under the Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution and law of the United States, certain federal positions appointed by the president of the United States require confirmation (advice and consent) of the United States Senate.

These "PAS" (Presidential Appointment needing Senate confirmation)[1] positions, as well as other types of federal government positions, are published in the United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book), which is released after each United States presidential election.[2] A 2012 Congressional Research Service study estimated that approximately 1200-1400 positions require Senate confirmation.[3]

Contents

Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry[edit]

Department of Agriculture[edit]

Independent agencies[edit]

Committee on Armed Services[edit]

Department of Defense[edit]

  • Military Officers (commissions and promotions) – Officers receive a commission assigning them to the officer corps from the President (with the consent of the Senate). Promotions of all commissioned military officers are also commissioned by the President (with the consent of the Senate).

Office of the Secretary of Defense[edit]

Department of the Air Force[edit]

Department of the Army[edit]

Department of the Navy[edit]

Joint Chiefs of Staff[edit]

Department of Energy[edit]

Independent agencies[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs[edit]

Department of Commerce[edit]

Department of Housing and Urban Development[edit]

Department of Transportation[edit]

Department of the Treasury[edit]

Executive Office of the President[edit]

Independent agencies[edit]

Committee on the Budget[edit]

Executive Office of the President[edit]

Office of Management and Budget

  • Director
  • Deputy Director

Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation[edit]

Department of Commerce[edit]

Department of Homeland Security[edit]

Department of Transportation[edit]

National Aeronautics and Space Administration[edit]

Executive Office of the President[edit]

Office of Science and Technology Policy

  • Director
  • Associate Director for Science
  • Associate Director for Technology
  • Associate Director for National Security & International Affairs
  • Associate Director for Energy & Environment

Independent agencies[edit]

Committee on Energy and Natural Resources[edit]

Department of Energy[edit]

Department of the Interior[edit]

Committee on Environment and Public Works[edit]

Department of Commerce[edit]

  • Assistant Secretary for Economic Development

Department of Defense[edit]

  • Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works)

Department of the Interior[edit]

Department of Transportation[edit]

Executive Office of the President[edit]

Environmental Protection Agency[edit]

  • Administrator
  • Deputy Administrator
  • Assistant Administrator
  • Assistant Administrator for Administration and Resources Management
  • Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation
  • Assistant Administrator for Enforcement and Compliance Assurance
  • Assistant Administrator for Environmental Information
  • Assistant Administrator for International Affairs
  • Assistant Administrator for Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxic Substances
  • Assistant Administrator for Research and Development
  • Assistant Administrator for Solid Waste and Emergency Response
  • Assistant Administrator for Water
  • Chief Financial Officer
  • General Counsel
  • Inspector General

Other independent agencies[edit]

Committee on Finance[edit]

Department of Commerce[edit]

Department of Health and Human Services[edit]

Department of Homeland Security[edit]

Department of the Treasury[edit]

Executive Office of the President[edit]

Office of the United States Trade Representative

  • U.S. Trade Representative
  • 3 Deputy U.S. Trade Representatives
  • Chief Agricultural Negotiator

Other independent agencies[edit]

  • Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation
  • Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (six-year term of office)
  • Deputy Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (six-year term of office)
  • Inspector General of the Social Security Administration
  • 6 Commissioners of the United States International Trade Commission (political balance required; nine-year terms of office)
  • 2 Trustees of the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund (of 6 total; political balance required; four-year terms of office)
  • 2 Trustees of the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Trust Fund and the Disability Insurance Trust Fund (of 6 total; political balance required; four-year terms of office)
  • 2 Trustees of the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund, Board of Trustees (of 6 total; political balance required; four-year terms of office)
  • 6 Members of the Internal Revenue Service Oversight Board (five-year terms of office)
  • 3 Members of the Social Security Advisory Board (of 7 total; political balance required; six-year terms of office)

Judicial branch[edit]

Committee on Foreign Relations[edit]

Department of State[edit]

United States Mission to the United Nations[edit]

United States Agency for International Development[edit]

  • Administrator
  • Assistant Administrator — Asia and Near East
  • Assistant Administrator — Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance
  • Assistant Administrator — Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade
  • Assistant Administrator — Europe and Eurasia
  • Assistant Administrator — Global Health
  • Assistant Administrator — Latin America and Caribbean
  • Assistant Administrator — Legislative and Public Affairs
  • Assistant Administrator — Policy and Program Coordination
  • Assistant Administrator — Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Deputy Administrator
  • Inspector General

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development[edit]

  • U.S. Executive Director two-year term of office; full-time
  • U.S. Alternate Executive Director
  • Governor
  • Alternate Governor

International Development Association[edit]

International Finance Corporation[edit]

Other independent agencies[edit]

Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions[edit]

Department of Education[edit]

Department of Health and Human Services[edit]

Department of Labor[edit]

Independent agencies[edit]

Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs[edit]

Department of Commerce[edit]

Department of Homeland Security[edit]

Executive Office of the President[edit]

Office of Management and Budget

Independent agencies[edit]

Legislative branch[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Committee on Indian Affairs[edit]

Department of Health and Human Services[edit]

Department of the Interior[edit]

Select Committee on Intelligence[edit]

Department of Justice[edit]

Department of State[edit]

  • Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research

Department of the Treasury[edit]

  • Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis

Central Intelligence Agency[edit]

  • Director
  • General Counsel
  • Inspector General

Office of the Director of National Intelligence[edit]

Committee on the Judiciary[edit]

Department of Commerce[edit]

Department of Homeland Security[edit]

Department of Justice[edit]

Executive Office of the President[edit]

Office of National Drug Control Policy

  • Director of National Drug Control Policy ("Drug Czar")
  • Deputy Director of National Drug Control Policy
  • Deputy Director for Demand Reduction
  • Deputy Director for Supply Reduction
  • Deputy Director for State and Local Affairs

Independent agencies[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Committee on Rules and Administration[edit]

Independent agencies[edit]

Legislative branch[edit]

Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship[edit]

Small Business Administration[edit]

Committee on Veterans' Affairs[edit]

Department of Labor[edit]

  • Assistant Secretary of Labor for Veterans' Employment and Training Service

Department of Veterans Affairs[edit]

Judiciary branch[edit]

Former Senate-confirmed positions[edit]

There are a number of positions that required Senate confirmation of appointees in the past, but do not today. The Presidential Appointment Efficiency and Streamlining Act of 2011 (Pub.L. 112–166), signed into law on August 10, 2012, eliminates the requirement of Senate approval for 163 positions, allowing the president alone to appoint persons to these positions:[6] Parts of the act went into effect immediately, while other parts took effect on October 9, 2012, 60 days after enactment.[6]

The act also eliminated entirely the positions of Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration and Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NLRB v. SW General, Inc., no. 15-1251 (March 21, 2017) (U.S. Supreme Court)
  2. ^ "Plum Book: About". Government Publishing Office. 
  3. ^ Plumer, Brad (16 July 2013). "Does the Senate really need to confirm 1,200 executive branch jobs?". Washington Post. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "List of Ambassadorial Appointments". American Foreign Service Association. Retrieved 2016-11-16. 
  5. ^ #113: 03-17-97 - Fy96 U.S. Attorneys' Report Shows Prosecutors Completed More Cases Against More Criminals
  6. ^ a b c Maeve P. Carey, Presidential Appointments, the Senate's Confirmation Process, and Changes Made in the 112th Congress, Congressional Research Service, Oct. 9, 2012.

External links[edit]