List of possessions of Norway

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Norwegian kingdom and some of its current overseas territories

This is a list of current and former territorial possessions of Norway.

Current overseas territories[edit]

Integral areas of Norway which are unincorporated as counties:

Svalbard with Bear Island are subject to the provisions of the Svalbard Treaty. Svalbard and Jan Mayen are grouped together for some categorization purposes.

Current dependencies of Norway are all in the southern polar region:

Map[edit]

Location of Norway and its overseas territories

Former dependencies and homelands[edit]

Norwegian kingdom at its greatest extent about 1265
Kingdom of Norway (872–1397) with its homeland, dependencies and possessions
Norwegian kingdom and its former homeland before 1645

The so-called Greater Norway[1] includes these entities:

Dependencies ceded to Scotland (1st phase)[edit]

  • Hebrides, colonized from 700s to 1100s, part of an earldom, crown dependencies from 1100s to 1266,
    ceded by the Treaty of Perth.[2]
  • Man, colonized from 850s to 1152, part of an earldom, crown dependency from 1152 to 1266,
    ceded by the Treaty of Perth.[2]
  • Orkney, colonized from 800s to 875, earldom from 875 to 1100s, crown dependency from 1194 to 1470,
    pledged by Christian I.[3]
  • Shetland, colonized from 700s to 900s, earldom from 900s to 1195, crown dependency from 1195 to 1470,
    pledged by Christian I.[3]

Vassals[edit]

National homelands ceded to Sweden (2nd phase)[edit]

Early entity[edit]

Dependencies ceded to Denmark (3rd phase)[edit]

  • Faroe Islands, settled and colonized pre-1035 and crown dependencies from 1035 to 1814, ceded by the Treaty of Kiel.[3]
  • Greenland, colonized pre-1261 and crown dependency from 1261 to 1814, ceded by the Treaty of Kiel.[3]
  • Iceland, settled and colonized pre-1262 and crown dependencies from 1262 to 1814, ceded by the Treaty of Kiel.[3]
The actual time of cession of the islands is somewhat disputed. Some claim it took place with the Union of Denmark and Norway in 1536/37, as the possessions of the Norwegian crown were claimed by the Oldenburg king. Nevertheless, they were still referred to as "dependencies of Norway" in later official documents. Also the Treaty of Kiel states: "...and provinces, constituting the kingdom of Norway, [..], together with their dependencies (Greenland, the Faroe Isles, and Iceland, excepted); [...] shall belong in full and sovereign property to the King of Sweden,...", clearly indicating that they were until 1814 regarded as a part of Norway.[3]

Eastern Greenland Case[edit]

Briefly-ruled areas[edit]

Welsh homeland[edit]

Danish homelands[edit]

Swedish homelands[edit]

Suzerainties - Dublin and Mann[edit]

Former territorial claims[edit]

The spread of Norwegian whaling industry to Antarctica in the early 20th century motivated Norway, right after its independence from Sweden in 1905, to pursue territorial expansion not only in the Arctic claiming Jan Mayen and Sverdrup Islands, but also in Antarctica. Norway claimed Bouvet Island and looked further south, formally inquiring with Foreign Office about the international status of the area between 45° and 65° south latitude and 35° and 80° west longitude. Following a second such diplomatic démarche by the Norwegian Government dated 4 March 1907, Britain replied that the areas were British based on discoveries made in the first half of the 19th century, and issued the 1908 Letters Patent incorporating the British Falkland Islands Dependencies with a permanent local administration in Grytviken established in 1909.[23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Larsen, Karen (8 December 2015). "History of Norway". Princeton University Press. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Google Books. 
  2. ^ a b c "Scotland Back in the Day: Young Margaret, the first Queen of Scotland". The National. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Norgesveldet under lupen - Gemini.no". Gemini.no. 22 June 2015. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "Scotland Back in the Day: How Scotland ended its enmity with Norway". The National. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Bohuslän". Snl.no. 11 April 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Store norske leksikon. 
  6. ^ "Idre". Snl.no. 28 September 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Store norske leksikon. 
  7. ^ Salvesen, Helge; Opsahl, Erik (30 May 2017). "Jämtlands historie". Snl.no. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Store norske leksikon. 
  8. ^ "Härjedalens historie". Snl.no. 20 June 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Store norske leksikon. 
  9. ^ "När blev Värmland en del av det svenska riket?" by Dick Harrison, Professor of history at the University of Lund. Svenska Dagbladet. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  10. ^ Smilely, Jane (24 February 2005). "The Sagas of the Icelanders". Penguin UK. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Google Books. 
  11. ^ "Haralds saga hins hárfagra – heimskringla.no". heimskringla.no. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  12. ^ a b Jacobs, Frank. "The Cold War that Wasn't: Norway Annexes Greenland". Bigthink.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Legal Status of Eastern Greenland, Denmark v. Norway, Judgment, 5 September 1933, Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ)". Worldcourts.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  14. ^ "The Heimskringla: Or, Chronicle of the Kings of Norway". Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Google Books. 
  15. ^ "Tillbaka till tiden då Halland var ett land". Hn.se. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  16. ^ Granberg, Per A. (3 October 2017). "Skandinaviens historia under konungarne of Folkunga-Ätten". Elmén och Granberg. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Google Books. 
  17. ^ Kent, Neil (12 June 2008). "A Concise History of Sweden". Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Google Books. 
  18. ^ Adams, Jonathan (15 October 2015). "The Revelations of St Birgitta: A Study and Edition of the Birgittine-Norwegian Texts, Swedish National Archives, E 8902". BRILL. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Google Books. 
  19. ^ Ulwencreutz, Lars (11 June 2015). "Från Oden till Vasa". Lulu.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017 – via Google Books. 
  20. ^ a b Somerled: Hammer of the Norse
  21. ^ "BBC - History : British History Timeline". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  22. ^ "Invasion of England, 1066". Eyewitnesstohistory.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  23. ^ Odd Gunnar Skagestad. Norsk Polar Politikk: Hovedtrekk og Utvikslingslinier, 1905–1974. Oslo: Dreyers Forlag, 1975
  24. ^ Thorleif Tobias Thorleifsson. Bi-polar international diplomacy: The Sverdrup Islands question, 1902–1930. Master of Arts Thesis, Simon Fraser University, 2004.
  25. ^ Barr (1995): 96
  26. ^ Berton, Pierre. The Arctic Grail: The Quest for the North West Passage and the North Pole. Toronto: Random House of Canada Ltd., 1988, p. 629.
  27. ^ Kurt D. Singer (1943). Duel for the northland: the war of enemy agents in Scandinavia. R. M. McBride & company, p. 200 [1]
  28. ^ Skodvin, M. (1990). Norge i krig: Frigjøring:. Aschehoug. ISBN 9788203114236. Retrieved 2015-04-03. 
  29. ^ "Norway's Nazi collaborators sought Russia colonies". Fox News. Associated Press. 9 April 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  30. ^ Dahl (1999), p. 296
  31. ^ Hans Fredrik Dahl (1999). Quisling: a study in treachery. Cambridge University Press, p. 343 [2]
  32. ^ "Medieval Iceland: The Rise and Fall of the Commonwealth AD 870-1264". nicolejwallace.freeservers.com. Retrieved 3 October 2017.