List of major power outages
This is a list of notable wide-scale power outages. To be included, the power outage must conform to all of the following criteria:
- The outage must not be planned by the service provider.
- The outage must affect at least 1,000 people and last at least one hour.
- There must be at least 1,000,000 person-hours of disruption.
In other words:
- 1,000 people affected for 1,000 hours (42 days) minimum, but if fewer than 1,000 people, event would not be included (regardless of duration).
- One million people affected for a minimum of one hour, but if duration is less than one hour, event would not be included (regardless of number of people).
- For example, 10,000 people affected for 100 hours or 100,000 for 10 hours would be the minimum to be included.
- 1 Largest
- 2 1960–1969
- 3 1970–1979
- 4 1980–1989
- 5 1990–1999
- 6 2000–2009
- 7 2010–2019
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
|July 2012 India blackout||620||India||30–31 July 2012|||
|January 2001 India blackout||230||India||2 January 2001|
|November 2014 Bangladesh blackout||150||Bangladesh||1 November 2014|||
|2015 Pakistan blackout||140||Pakistan||26 January 2015|||
|2005 Java–Bali blackout||100||Indonesia||18 Aug 2005|||
|1999 Southern Brazil blackout||97||Brazil||11 March 1999|||
|2009 Brazil and Paraguay blackout||87||Brazil, Paraguay||10–11 Nov 2009|||
|2015 Turkey blackout||70||Turkey||31 March 2015|||
|Northeast blackout of 2003||55||United States, Canada||14–15 August 2003|||
|2003 Italy blackout||55||Italy, Switzerland||28 September 2003|||
|Kenya Nationwide Blackout of 2016||44||Kenya||7 June 2016|||
|Thailand Nationwide blackout of 1978||40||Thailand||18 March 1978|||
|Northeast blackout of 1965||30||United States, Canada||9 November 1965|||
|Sri Lanka nationwide blackout 2016||21||Sri Lanka||13 March 2016|||
On the evening of November 9, the Northeast blackout of 1965 affected portions of seven northeastern states in the United States and the province of Ontario in Canada.
On August 5, a 50-mile stretch of Florida's gold coast was hit with a general power failure after an explosion at the Cutler Ridge facility. The outage affected more than 2 million people, and created a vast traffic jam. Miami and Ft. Lauderdale downtown areas were offline for almost two hours, with other areas dark for much longer periods.
On the evening of February 2, power in parts of the New York City boroughs of Manhattan, The Bronx and Queens was lost following an explosion at Con Ed's Waterside power facility on 40th Street and 1st Avenue in Manhattan. New York City television and FM radio stations that transmit from the Empire State Building were off the air. AM radio stations were largely unaffected, as most of their transmitters were located in either Northern New Jersey (e.g. WABC-AM) or on High Island (e.g. WCBS-AM) in the Bronx, which was not affected by the blackout. However, several Manhattan AM station studios were affected due to insufficient power backups. Several lines of the New York City IND and IRT subway lines were affected, stranding passengers. At Grand Central Terminal power in the terminal was lost, but power on the tracks was retained because it runs on direct current. The New York Daily News was also affected when the blackout caused their printing facility to halt operations.
On July 4, a major power failure affected most of Utah and parts of Wyoming for 1.5 to 6 hours.
On July 13–14 in New York City, 9 million people were affected by a power outage. It was a result of a transmission failure due to a lightning-strike on power lines. A second lightning-strike caused the loss of two more overhead power lines, and the last power connection between New York City and the Northwest. The power outage resulted in high instances of looting occurring over 26 hours.
On September 20, a power outage covered almost the entire province of Quebec, affecting 6 million people. Power was restored to scattered rural areas within an hour and service was brought back to parts of Montreal and Quebec City within 2 hours; it took several hours to fully restore power.
On March 18, Thailand experienced a countrywide blackout as a result of failed generators in the South Pranakhorn Powerplant in Samut Prakan, which then caused many generators across the country to shut down. The failure started at 7:40 am (GMT+7). Before the isolation of the power grid, blackouts occurred in the northern provinces of Thailand for one hour, the northwestern provinces for 15 minutes, the southern provinces for half an hour, the central provinces for one hour, and Bangkok and its neighboring provinces for more than two hours. Within nine hours and 20 minutes, the authorities were able to restore power across the country.
On January 8, prisoners on a work assignment burning trash and debris at the Utah State Prison in Draper, Utah, accidentally caused a major power failure when something they were burning exploded, causing a fireball that shorted out transmission lines above them. 1.5 million people lost power, in almost all of Utah, as well as parts of southeastern Idaho and southwestern Wyoming.
On December 22, a transmission tower near Tracy, California collapsed onto an adjacent tower bringing down two 500-kV lines and a pair of 230-kV lines that passed underneath the 500-kV right of way. Total loss of 12,530 MW affected approximately five million people on the west coast.
On December 27, two-thirds of the Swedish network was shut down when a single component in a switching station failed, causing a short-circuit in a transformer. This affected about 4.5 million people in the more densely populated southern half of Sweden.
On May 17, most of South Florida was blacked-out after a brush fire in the Everglades damaged overhead transmission lines. Miami, Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, and the Florida Keys lost power for about 3.5 hours. About 4.5 million people were affected.
On October 16, the Great Storm of 1987 interrupted the High Voltage Cross-Channel Link between the UK and France. The storm caused a domino-effect of power outages throughout the Southeast of England.
On August 24, Hurricane Andrew made landfall on Elliot Key. As it passed over the northern Florida Keys it downed 17 miles of power lines, breaking the wooden poles they were strung on, along a path that was in four feet of water, stretching from the Turkey Point Nuclear Plant southward to the upper Keys. The shallow depth prevented the use of large construction barge cranes for rebuilding the power pylons but the water was too deep for land-based construction vehicles. As a result, the Upper and Middle Keys were largely without power for several months as the Middle Keys Electric Co-op only had generating capacity for 10% of its demand. The power lines heading north to Miami were restored much more quickly, as they were strung along the side of US highway 1 on dry land. Key West power was in the process of decommissioning an end-of-life oil-fired plant and was able to restore 75% generating capacity for the lower keys in one day as there was no storm damage that far south. Key West power was in the process of converting to sourcing 100% of its electricity from the Turkey Point facility.
On July 2–3 in the United States, Canada and Mexico there were 2 million people that lost power due to a transmission line overheating in Idaho and a 230-kV line between Montana and Idaho tripping. Some customers were without power for minutes, while others were without for hours.
On August 10, the Western Intertie buckled under the high summer heat of the 1996 Western North America blackouts, causing a cascading power failure affecting nine western states of the United States and parts of Mexico. Four million people were affected. Power was out in some locations for four days.
The early-January North American Ice Storm of 1998 caused prolonged blackouts in northeastern North America, particularly in Quebec, where many transmission towers were destroyed by ice. Over 3.5 million customers in total lost power during the event.
From February 20 to March 27, the 1998 Auckland power crisis resulted in the entire Auckland Central Business District in Auckland, New Zealand being without power for several weeks, after a line failure had cause a chain reaction leading to the failure of three other lines.
On September 7, a series of widespread derechos in the Northeast (the Labor Day Derechos) caused a power outage for hundreds of thousands of customers for several days.
On December 8, affecting San Francisco, California, and its environs, over 350,000 customers (buildings) or 940,000 people were affected by an outage caused when the Pacific Gas and Electric Company placed a San Mateo sub-station online at 8:17 am PST, while the station was still grounded following maintenance. This drew so much power from the transmission lines on the San Francisco peninsula that 25 other sub-stations in San Francisco automatically and immediately shut down. Power was not fully restored until almost 4:00 pm PST the same day. Economic costs were estimated in tens of millions of dollars.
On December 26–28, 1999 Cyclone Lothar and Martin left 3.4 million customers in France without electricity, and forced EdF to acquire all the available portable power generators in Europe, with some even being brought in from Canada. These storms brought a fourth of France's high-tension transmission lines down and 300 high-voltage transmission pylons were toppled. It was described as one of the greatest energy disruptions ever experienced by a modern developed country.
On May 9, a major power outage left the entire southern half of Portugal, including Lisbon, without power for a few hours. The blackout occurred shortly after 10 pm local time. The apagão (translated as "super outage"), suddenly plunged Lisbon in complete darkness. Stalled commuter trains and traffic light failures wreaked some havoc in the streets. Security was immediately reinforced in the city, but no rise in criminal activity was registered. Energias de Portugal, the main Portuguese electricity operator, later reported that the blackout was due to the electrocution of an unfortunate stork, which landed "on the wrong place at the wrong time". Because of this, the story was reported in the "oddly enough" sections of some European newspapers.
On May 20, a problem at a power substation caused the blackout of 2001 in Iran. Outages were reported in Tehran and at least six provincial capitals that are among Iran's biggest cities – Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, Kermanshah, Qazvin, and Hamedan. Consequently, it is among the largest blackouts, affecting more than 30 million.
On January 30, a major ice storm hit Kansas City, Missouri, knocking trees into power lines and blowing-up transformers throughout the city.
On August 14, the Northeast blackout of 2003, a wide-area power failure in the northeastern US and central Canada, affected over 55 million people.
On September 2, the 2003 southern Malaysia blackout resulted when a power failure affected five states (out of 13) in Malaysia, including the capital Kuala Lumpur, for five hours, starting at 10:00 am local time.
On July 12, two power plants in Lavrio and Megalopolis, Greece, shut down due to malfunction within 12 hours of each other, during a period of high demand due to a heat wave. That led to a cascading failure causing the collapse of the entire Southern (Power) System, affecting several million people in southern Greece.
The 2005 Malaysia electricity blackout crisis caused electricity to fail in many states of Malaysia's northern peninsula, including Perak, Penang, Kedah, and Perlis. This was due to a fault of the main cable transmission line grid near Serendah, Selangor.
In January, a cyber attack disrupted power service in three cities north of Rio de Janeiro, affecting tens of thousands of people.
On 25 May to 3 August, the 2005 Moscow power blackouts affected more than two million people in central Russia. The blackout was due to a cascading failure of the power grid started by a transformer failure. Some lines of Moscow Metro lost power, stranding people in trains.
Starting August 31, 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused widespread power outages throughout Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Kentucky and Tennessee. Exact totals are difficult to define, especially in Louisiana parishes which became unoccupied for months. Power was also disrupted to 1.3 million customers when Katrina passed over Florida several days earlier. In total 2.6 million people across the US were left without power as a result of the storm.
On August 1, in the Laurentians, in the province of Québec, Canada, a large number (146,000, at its peak in the evening of August 1) of households were left without electricity for a whole day, and some for up to a week, due to intense thunderstorms that rolled through southern Quebec, including the greater Montreal area. Over 450,000 customers in total were affected.
On August 14, a floating crane hit and broke a transmission line across the Edo River, interrupting power to 1,391,000 customers in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, including Tokyo, Yokohama and part of Kawasaki and Ichikawa. Power was restored to all but 15,000 customers within an hour. The full restoration was complete four hours and 42 minutes after the start of the incident.
On the night of November 4, in main parts of Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal, over 15 million households were left without power after a cascading breakdown of the 2006 European blackout. Power grids of several other nations (Belgium, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Greece and Morocco) experienced minor local outages. The root cause was an overload triggered by the German electricity company E.ON switching off an electricity line over the river Ems to allow the cruise ship Norwegian Pearl to pass through safely. The impact of this disconnection on the security of the network had not been properly assessed, and resulted in the European transmission grid splitting into three independent parts for a period of two hours. The imbalance between generation and demand in each section resulted in the power outages for consumers.
On December 14, 2006, the Hanukkah Eve windstorm of 2006 caused widespread damage to the power grid throughout Washington state and into parts of Oregon, British Columbia, and Idaho; in some cases, blackouts in the affected area lasted longer than a week.
On April 26, Colombia experienced a nationwide blackout at approximately 10:15 am local time, caused by an undetermined technical failure at a substation in the capital city, Bogota, Colombia. Power returned to most parts of the country after several hours.
On December 2, a winter storm damaged transmission systems, resulting in a blackout over much of Eastern Newfoundland & Labrador affecting close to 100,000 customers. About 7,500 customers on the Bonavista Peninsula were without service for almost a week.
From December 8 to 12, a series of ice events cut power to over one million homes and businesses across the Great Plains of the United States, including large portions of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska.
On December 12, a Royal Netherlands Air Force AH-64 Apache Attack helicopter, on a routine training mission, crashed into high voltage power lines. This resulted in a blackout affecting over 50,000 households in the Tielerwaard and Bommelerwaard region in the Netherlands. Power was restored after three days.
On February 20, coal supplies to some power plants in Java were stopped, as ships could not dock at ports due to large waves. This resulted in an electricity deficit of about 1,000 megawatts, and the power supply was shut off in several areas to protect the aging infrastructure. This affected the Indonesian capital, Jakarta.
On February 26, a failed switch and fire at an electrical substation outside Miami triggered widespread blackouts in parts of Florida affecting four million people. The nuclear reactors at Turkey Point power plant were shut down on the 84 °F (29 °C) day. The failure disrupted power to customers in 35 southern Florida counties and spread into the northern Florida peninsula. The affected region ultimately ranged from Miami to Tampa on the state's west coast and Brevard County on the east coast.
On April 8, from around 3:30 am, around 400,000 persons were left without power in the city of Szczecin and its surroundings (as far as 100 km away), in northwest Poland. Most power was restored within 18 hours. The reason was the fall of wet, heavy snow, which stuck to the power cables and caused them to break. One of the major powerline pillars broke in the aftermath.
On May 20, the entire island of Zanzibar suffered a complete shutdown of power. It happened at around 10:00 pm local time, and it was caused by a rupture of the undersea cable from Mainland Tanzania. Power was restored after one month, on June 18.
On September 13, 2008, Hurricane Ike landed in Galveston and left over 2 million customers without power in the Greater Houston area. Power to one million homes was restored by day 6 and to two million homes by day 16.
On December 11, rare winter snowfall in Southern Louisiana caused 10,000 power outages, due to the accumulation of snow on transmission lines. Later that night in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, an ice storm hit, causing one million people to lose their power.
On December 12, a large ice storm in the Northeast US collapsed power lines from Maine to Pennsylvania due to ice buildup on wires and trees and branches falling on power lines. At the peak of the outages, about 1.5 million people were without power. It took about two weeks to restore power to all locations.
On December 26, power was lost for about 12 hours on the entire island of Oahu, Hawaii starting at about 6:45 pm, where President-elect Barack Obama and his family were vacationing. This is now confirmed to be due to lightning strikes on power lines, which caused HECO's system to trip.
On January 27–31, hundreds of thousands of homes in Victoria, including Melbourne, suffered various power failures as a result of a record heat wave. It is estimated that over 500,000 residents in Melbourne were without power for the evening of January 30, 2009. The outage affected much of central Melbourne with train and tram services cancelled, the evacuation of Crown Casino, traffic light failures, people being rescued from lifts and patrons of the Victorian Arts Centre evacuated and shows cancelled. The outage occurred only an hour after the National Electricity Market Management Company (NEMMCO) issued a statement saying load shedding was ending and power had been restored. Authorities say there had been a major electricity failure in the city's west, caused by the three-day heatwave. It is believed an explosion at South Morang contributed to the power problems along three transmission lines supplying Victoria's west and Victorian power supplier SP AusNet shed 1,000 megawatts. On January 30, Energy Minister Peter Batchelor announced that consumers who lost power for more than 20 hours would be eligible for compensation It is estimated that over 500,000 residents in Melbourne were without power for the evening of January 30, 2009.
On March 30, a major power cut hits homes and business in Glasgow and parts of western Scotland. The affected areas included the west end of Glasgow, Bearsden, Clydebank, Helensburgh, Dumbarton and as far afield as Lochgilphead and Oban. Arran was also affected from the outage. The power cut occurred at 4:20 pm and power was slowly restored between 5:20 and 6:30 pm.
On April 15, a little before 9:00 pm, a severe power cut blacked-out up to 80% of the city of Almaty, Kazakhstan and northern parts of neighboring Kyrgyzstan, affecting a few million people for several hours. Power was not restored until after midnight local time.
On July 20, power was cut to around 100,000 homes in the areas of South East London and North Kent, UK, after vandals deliberately caused a fire near a cable installation, which caused failure of a 132 kV cable and four circuit boards. Due to the nature of the cable, it was impossible to re-route supplies around other cables without overloading them. As a result, power supplies were cut to about half of the homes for approximately four days, while other homes were given three-hour allocations of power followed by six hours "off". Over 70 mobile generators were brought in from around the country to help restore power in what was the largest deployment in London's history.
On October 30 at around 8:00 am NZDT, power was cut to the whole of Northland and most of the northern half of Auckland, New Zealand, affecting 280,000 customers (14.5% of the country). A forklift carrying a shipping container accidentally hit one of the Otahuhu to Henderson 220 kV circuits while the other circuit was out for maintenance, leaving the region supplied by four low capacity 110 kV circuits. Power was restored to the entire region around 11:00 am.
On November 10, 10:13 pm Brasília official time, the 2009 Brazil and Paraguay blackout due to the failure of transmission lines from Itaipu Dam, the world's second-largest hydroelectric dam, affecting over 80 million customers. The failure was caused by a major thunder storm which affected a key transmission line to southeastern Brazil, causing all 20 turbines at the hydroelectric power plant to shut-down due to the abrupt fall of power demand. Four of Brazil's most densely populated states entirely lost power (including the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) with 14 more states being partly affected. The entire country of Paraguay experienced the power failure. It took about seven hours for the system to fully recover. This is regarded as one of the largest blackouts in history.
On January 30, two separate transmission lines were hit by lightning, blacking-out the Australian city of Darwin and the nearby cities of Katherine and Palmerston starting at about 6:00 am. Power was restored to all areas by 4:30 pm.
In early February, a pair of blizzards hit the Northeastern US on 5–6 February and again just a few days later on 9–10 February. Among the hardest hit areas was the Baltimore–Washington corridor, with well over 200,000 people impacted at the height of the outages and about two-thirds of those without power for periods lasting from half a day to several days. Other urban areas, such as Pittsburgh, were also affected.[clarification needed]
On March 14, the March 2010 Chile blackout left roughly 15 million people, about 90% of the population of Chile, without power when a major transformer failed in southern Chile. Power began to be restored within a few hours, and almost all of the country had power by the following day. The outage was apparently not directly related to damage from the major earthquake that hit the country the previous month.
On March 14, a severe windstorm disrupted power to hundreds of thousands of customers primarily in southwestern Connecticut as well as parts of Westchester County, Long Island, and New Jersey as a result of a severe wind and rain storm. The outage lasted as long as six days for some customers in the hardest-hit communities. Many public school districts were closed for up to five days the following week.
On July 15, 76,000 people in Oakland and Wayne counties in southeastern Michigan lost power at approximately 7:00 pm during heavy storms. As of 12:00 noon on July 16, power had not been fully restored.
On February 2, in Texas, forced outages at two major coal-fired power plants and high electricity demand due to cold weather caused rolling blackouts affecting more than one million customers.
On February 3, Cyclone Yasi hit communities in North Queensland, Australia. The cyclone winds reached 300 km/h (186mp/h) and caused widespread damage through many communities. 170,000 homes lost electricity.
On February 4, at least eight states in northeastern Brazil – Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, and Sergipe – suffered a major blackout from around midnight to 4:00 am. It is estimated that 53 million people were affected. Major cities Salvador, Recife, and Fortaleza were completely out of power.
On February 22 at 12:51, a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, damaging large parts of Orion's sub-transmission and distribution network. Over 80 percent of the city (approximately 160,000 customers) lost power following the quake. A total of 82% of customers had their power restored in five days. Some central city areas were still without power as late as May 1; more than two months after the initial earthquake.
On April 27, one of the United States' most devastating tornado outbreaks disrupted power to most of northern Alabama; some 311 high-tension electrical transmission towers were destroyed by multiple, violent tornadoes.
Starting on July 11, Cyprus suffered a half-week power outage, affecting all cities on the Greek part of the island. The outage was caused by an explosion next to the Vassilikos power plant, shutting down the plant.
On July 23, the failure of a glass insulator caused an outage of most of Northern Saskatchewan for about four hours.
On September 8–9, the 2011 Southwest blackout affected parts of Southern California and Arizona, as well as parts of northwestern Mexico. It was started by monitoring equipment that was causing problems at a power substation in southwest Arizona. As of 17:08,[clarification needed] power had been fully restored in the Yuma, Arizona area. Over five million people were affected.
In late October, a snowstorm along the East Coast of the US caused over two million power outages. Some residents of Connecticut and western Massachusetts were without electricity for over 11 days.
On January 14, a 380 kV transformer failure in Bursa Natural Gas Fueled Combined Cycle PP in Turkey, was accused of voltage deviations in the interconnected power grid that resulted in a blackout. Another failure occurred in 154 kV Babaeski substation which caused a blackout in Thrace. 6 cities and more than 20 million people were affected by the Marmara blackout of 2012. The power was back in all cities in the evening. The blackout disrupted metro and tram operation in Istanbul. Also gas heating systems did not work during the blackout. The problem was resolved by getting electricity from Bulgaria to Thrace and feeding lines in İstanbul from Ambarlı Natural Gas PP in İstanbul.
On April 4, a blackout hit every city in Cyprus after the Dhekelia power station failed. There was a lack of electric power from 4:42 to 9:20 am.
On June 29, a line of thunderstorms with hurricane-force winds swept from Iowa to the Mid-Atlantic coast and disrupted power to more than 3.8 million people in Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey, Virginia, Delaware, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Washington, DC.
On July 30, due to a massive breakdown in the northern grid, there was a major power failure which affected seven north Indian states, including Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Rajasthan.
On July 31, the July 2012 India blackout, which is being called the biggest power failure in history, left half of India without electricity supply. This affected hundreds of trains, hundreds of thousands of households and other establishments as the grid that connects generating stations with customers collapsed for the second time in two days.
On October 29–30, Hurricane Sandy brought high winds and coastal flooding to a large portion of the eastern United States, leaving an estimated 8 million customers without power. The storm, which came ashore near Atlantic City, New Jersey as a Category 1 hurricane, ultimately left scores of homes and businesses without power in New Jersey (2.7 million), New York (2.2 million), Pennsylvania (1.2 million), Connecticut (620,000), Massachusetts (400,000), Maryland (290,000), West Virginia (268,000), Ohio (250,000), and New Hampshire (210,000). Power outages were also reported in a number of other states, including Virginia, Maine, Rhode Island, Vermont, and the District of Columbia.
Over the weekend of January 26–27 ex-Tropical Cyclone Oswald caused the loss of power to over 250,000 customers in South East Queensland, Australia. Power was gradually restored over about 10 days.
On February 8-9, some 650,000 homes and businesses in the northeastern US lost power as the result of a powerful nor'easter that brought hurricane-force wind gusts and more than two feet of snow to New England.
On May 5, 2013, 40–50% of Luzon island in the Philippines suffered power outages because several transmission lines had tripped-out, resulting in the isolation of Sta. Rita, San Lorenzo, Calaca, Ilijan, Quezon Power Plant Philippines, Ltd (QPPL).
On May 22, the 2013 Southern Vietnam and Cambodia blackout occurred. The careless movement of a truck deployed to plant trees in New Binh Duong City urban area was the direct cause for a massive power outage in the southern region of Vietnam. When moving a tree on Wednesday afternoon, the truck driver let the tree bump onto a line in the national power grid (500 kV), causing an outage in 22 provinces and cities in the southern part of Vietnam, said the Electricity of Vietnam group (EVN).
On September 24, the Trakia region of Turkey lost electric power. According to TREDAS (Power distribution utility of Trakia region), a failure in the substation of Hamitabat Gas Fueled Combined Cycle PP (in Lüleburgaz city of Kırklareli province) caused a power outage in TEİAŞ((in Turkish) 154kV interconnected power transmission grid of the region. Affected places included Tekirdağ, Edirne, Kırklareli provinces and Silivri city of İstanbul. Affected population was about 1.5 million citizens. Power was restored gradually after an hour and at 00.24[when?] all the region had been electrified.
On December 22, the December 2013 North American storm complex, covering an area from Ontario to as far east as the maritime provinces in Canada, caused power failures. According to reports, as many as 300,000 customers in Toronto lost power. Later reports placed the peak number in Ontario without power at 600,000  The storm also caused widespread power outages in mid-Michigan. According to reports, as many as 500,000 lost power with restoration efforts expected through December 29.
On February 27, parts of Mindanao, an island in the Philippines, suffered power outages for 6 hours. By 12:00 pm (PST+8) around 70 percent of its entire grid has been restored. The Department of Energy (DOE) were still investigating what caused the widespread blackout in Mindanao.
On July 15, sixty percent of the power grid in Luzon island in the Philippines was lost due to Typhoon Rammasun (Glenda) that devastated the Southern part of Luzon where many power plants are located, such as the Geothermal Plant in the Bicol Region and the Coal Plant in Batangas.
On August 12, Malta suffered a nationwide power outage for almost 6 hours. Power was lost across Malta and Gozo at 7:50 pm and restored to most areas by 1:30 am. Due to problems with emergency generators, Malta International Airport had to close the runway and several flights were diverted to Catania and Palermo. The outage was due to a damaged cable which caused an explosion at the electricity distribution centre and automatic shut down of both power stations. A previous nationwide power cut occurred on January 9, 2014, caused by a Delimara power station fault.
On September 4, Egypt suffered a major blackout in the capital and other cities at 6 am, continuing for hours, bringing some key services to a halt. The power outage cost the strategic facilities of the Suez Canal an estimated LE100 million, as naval traffic and industrial activity came to a halt along the vital waterway. Some television channels were halted for nearly two hours due to the outage.
On October 5 at 2:15 am, a cable trench fire at Transpower's Penrose substation in Auckland, New Zealand, disconnected supply to Vector's local distribution network. Over 85,000 customers in Auckland's central-eastern suburbs lost electricity for over 12 hours. 50% of customers were reconnected by evening and 75% by the following morning.
On November 21, South Africa experienced rolling blackouts which were implemented nationwide, and continued for the duration of the weekend. This followed similar outages earlier in the same month, all of which were triggered as a result of a collapsed coal silo at Eskom's Majuba Power Station, during a period when the state's power company was already experiencing severe supply strain on the national grid due to technical difficulties affecting some of its other major turbines.
On March 27, a technical problem in one of the main power grids in North Holland caused 1 million households to not have power for at least one hour.
On March 31, because of technical problems, over 90% of Turkey (about 70 million people) went without power. Unaffected regions were Van and Hakkari provinces which are fed by electricity from Iran.
On August 29, a powerful wind storm disrupted power to 710,000 customers (nearly 50% of BCHydro's customers) on Vancouver Island and Vancouver's lower mainland. 705,000 customers had power restored within 72 hours of the storm. This was BCHydro's single largest outage.
On November 17, a powerful wind storm that downed power lines left more than 161,000 customers without electricity in Spokane County, Washington, US, plus more in neighboring counties. It exceeded the ice storm that occurred 19 years previous, almost to the day.
On June 7, Kenya went without power for over 4 hours. The nationwide blackout was caused when a rogue monkey entered a power station. Only about 10 million citizens were affected by the outage as the World Bank estimates that only 23% of the country's population have access to electricity.
On Thursday, September 1, Hurricane Hermine swept across the big bend area of Florida, directly affecting the state's capital of Tallahassee. Hermine disrupted power for more than 350,000 people in Florida and southern Georgia, many of whom were without power for a week.
On September 21, 2016, a full power system collapse occurred on the island of Puerto Rico affected its 3.5 million inhabitants. The power outage, popularly referred to as the "Apagón" (translated as "super outage") has been labeled as the largest in Puerto Rico not caused by an atmospheric event. The outage occurred after two transmission lines, with power running up to 230 kV, failed.
On September 28, the 2016 South Australian blackout affected the entire state of South Australia (1.7 million people). It was caused by two tornados that destroyed three critical elements of infrastructure, and the power system protected itself by shutting down. While some politicians and commentators have tried to link this power failure with the state's high mix of renewable energy sources (particularly wind energy), some experts have indicated that the blackout had nothing to do with this. A number of technical reports in the previous 18 months expressed concern that the reliability and security of the power supply in South Australia had decreased following the introduction of substantial wind power, and the consequent withdrawal of major conventional power stations.
On February 25, convective winds of 110 mph (180 km/h) from a severe storm struck near Scranton, Pennsylvania in the United States and caused 285,000 to go without electricity for at least 3 days.
On March 1, a severe thunderstorm with conditions similar to Typhoon Fitow affected New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Vermont and Pennsylvania. This left 10 million without electricity. Power was restored the next day.
On March 8, a severe winter windstorm interrupted power for about 1 million customers in the state of Michigan, US. About 730,000 were still without power the next day.
On July 1, Central American countries felt a 6-hour power outage to millions, Panama stated power was returned by GMT 00 Hrs. 
On July 27 a crew working on the replacement for the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge in the Outer Banks of North Carolina, U.S., severed a power cable and caused a blackout on the Outer Banks islands which affected more than 7,000 people during the peak of tourist season. The outage lasted eight days.
On August 26 half of the population of Uruguay endured a 4 hours outage. No cause has been reported besides bad weather. 
On September 10, hurricane Irma hit the south-east of the United States, causing over 7.6 million customers to lose power. 6 million in Florida, 1.3 million in Georgia, 200K in South Carolina. 
On September 20, hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico. As of September 26, the power grid has totally failed, and there is very extensive damage to power transmission infrastructure. Power outages are expected to last from 3 to 6 months. 
On October 30, combination of the remnants of tropical storm Philippe and an extratropical system resulted in approximately 1.8 million power outages in New England. In Canada, Hydro-Québec reported 200,000 customers losing power because of damages due to strong winds produced by the storm. 
On December 7-10, a rare Winter Storm named Benji came through the southeast states of the United States, causing over 900k customers to lose power.
- "Blackout for 19 states, more than 600 million Indians". Ndtv.com. 2012-07-31. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Hundreds of millions without power in India". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Jack, Frank (2012-07-31). "Power cut hits millions, among world's worst outages | Reuters". In.reuters.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Syed Zain Al-Mahmood (November 2, 2014). "Bangladesh Power Restored After Nationwide Blackout". Wall Street Journal (online). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Militant Attack Plunges Pakistan Into Darkness". Sky News. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- "The Darkest Night". Archived from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
- "Bad weather blamed in blackout for 60M in Brazil". Retrieved October 8, 2010.
- "Turkey struck by biggest power cut in 15 years, investigation underway (VIDEO) – RT News". Retrieved 2015-03-31.
- "CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- John Hooper. "Italy's blackout raises questions | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Ap, Tiffany (2016-06-08). "Monkey causes nationwide blackout in Kenya - CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- เหตุการณ์ไฟฟ้าดับทั่วประเทศไทย พ.ศ. 2521. Wikipedia
- "CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Sri Lanka Faces Nationwide Power Blackout; Water Supply Affected". Ndtv.com. 2016-03-13. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Huge Power Failure Darkens 50 Miles of Florida's Gold Coast (August 6, 1969)".
- "WCBS Newsradio88 Appreciation Site". donswaim.com. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- James T. Sparrow. "events timeline || Blackout History Project". Blackout.gmu.edu. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- Weeks, Marilyn (May 18, 1985). "South Florida Has History of Blackouts". Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
- "13 of the Largest Power Outages in History – and What They Tell Us About the 2003 Northeast Blackout – The Equation". blog.ucsusa.org. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
- "Quebec Blacked Out By a Power Failure". The New York Times. September 21, 1977. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
- "Fire at Utah Prison Dump Blamed For Major Blackout". The New York Times. January 10, 1981.
- "U.S. – Canada Power System Outage Task Force" (PDF). News.findlaw.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Estimating and Visualizing the Impact of Forecast Errors on System Operations : Los Alamos National Laboratory" (PDF). Cnls.lanl.gov. April 12, 2011. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Sweden. "KTH | A Richter Scale for Power Outages". SE-AB: Kth.se. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Stora strömavbrott 2009" (DOC). lth.se. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Blackout Hits S. Florida 4.5 Million Left Without Power". Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel. May 17, 1985. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
- Burt, S. D.; Mansfield, D. A. (1988). "The Great Storm of 15–16 October 1987". Weather. 43 (3): 90–108. doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.1988.tb03885.x. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "Chronology of effects". Spaceweather.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Space Weather". Solarstorms.org. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Practical lessons from the Loma Prieta earthquake. National Research Council. 1994. p. 142.
- "The Southern Great Lakes Derecho of 1991". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- Max Mayfield; Jack Beven; John Thompson. "TPC NHC OPAL 1995 PRELIMINARY REPORT". NOAA-(noaa.gov). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Blackout of 1996". Nwcouncil.org. August 10, 1996. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- Times. "Freezing fog has wreaked havoc in Lincoln County – Spokesman.com – Jan. 22, 2009". Spokesman.com. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "CBC Digital Archives". cbc.ca. March 17, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Homepage | Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment". Med.govt.nz. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "The Southern Great Lakes Derecho of 1998". NOAA. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "San Francisco Power Outage – 1998". Sfmuseum.org. December 8, 1998. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "The Boundary Waters-Canadian Derecho". NOAA. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "IEEE Xplore". IEEE Xplore.
- "Impacts of Severe Storms on Electric Grids" (PDF). Union of the Electricity Industry – EURELECTRIC. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 21, 2013. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
- Tatge, Yörn. "Looking Back, Looking Forward: Anatol, Lothar and Martin Ten Years Later". Air-Worldwide. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- TVI. "The Portuguese blackout after its 3rd anniversary". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29.
- California electricity crisis
- "Massive power cut hits India". BBC News. January 2, 2001.
- "Power blackout hits Iran". BBC News. May 20, 2001.
- "Iran: Unexplained Power Outage". Greenspun.com. May 20, 2001. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- NLO, №11 (278), 2003, p. 5
- "Most of First Coast paralyzed by power outage". Retrieved 2015-03-31.
- "Derecho effects on electrical power in cities". NOAA). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
-  Archived March 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
- "No power problem for Olympics, gov't stresses after report on July 12 blackout released". Greekembassy.org. July 29, 2004. Archived from the original on April 30, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Power outage may affect Tenaga's bid for tariff rise". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. January 15, 2005.
- "Sabotaging The System". CBS News. August 29, 2010. Archived from the original on November 10, 2009.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- 8月14日に首都圏で発生した停電事故について (Power outage in Greater Tokyo on 14 August) / TEPCO REPORT VOL.116 October 2006 – Tokyo Electric Power Company
- Submission of "Report on Equipment Damage of 275-kV Nos. 1 and 2 Koto Lines due to Contact by Floating Crane and Failure of Koto Substation and Other Power Supply Troubles" and "Report on Electricity-Related Failures" / 24 August 2006 – Tokyo Electric Power Company
- "Microsoft Word - IC-Final-Report-20070129-v13.doc" (PDF). Entsoe.eu. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Mass Power Outages hit State". Melbourne: The Age. January 16, 2007.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- "Power lines torn down in eastern Newfoundland". CBCnews. December 3, 2007. Archived from the original on July 17, 2010.
- "Week may pass before all juice restored". CBCnews. December 4, 2007. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 12, 2008. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- "Stroomuitval in de Bommeler- en Tielerwaard in december 2007" (PDF). Burgemeesters.nl. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Foundation, Planet Ark Environmental. "World Environment News".
- Amanda Ripley (February 29, 2008). "Citizen Soldiers". TIME. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- [dead link]
- "Power restored to parts of Florida after outage". CNN. February 2, 2008. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Two die as storm fury lashes Victoria". The Age. April 3, 2008.
- "Chaos w Szczecinie – miasto bez prądu". www.alert24.pl (in Polish). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Hurricane Ike". centerpointenergy.com. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- [dead link]
- "Ice storm leaves 1.25 million powerless in Northeast". USA Today. December 13, 2008.
- "Power restored to most of Oahu". Honolulu Advertiser. December 27, 2008. Archived from the original on December 28, 2008.
- Al Goodman (January 24, 2009). "Four boys killed in roof collapse as storms batter Spain, France". CNN. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- "About 56,000 customers still without power in Ky". The Herald Dispatch. February 9, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Thousands still powerless in Ky. after ice storms". USA Today. February 15, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- Alice Coster (January 31, 2009). "People forced to walk streets in Victorian blackout". Herald Sun.
- "Thousands still without Power". Melbourne: The Age. January 31, 2009.
- Lucas, Clay (January 31, 2009). "Train System completely off the rails". Melbourne: The Age. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009.
- "Power cut causes roads gridlock". BBC News Scotland. March 30, 2009. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
- "Millions Left In Dark By Central Asia Power Blackout". Radio Free Europe. April 15, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "Over 10,000 still without power". BBC News. July 22, 2009. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
- "Forklift sparks blackout for thousands – tvnz.co.nz". Television New Zealand. October 30, 2009. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
- "Brazil Blackout: Two Largest Cities Hit By Massive Power Outages". Huffington Post. November 10, 2009.
- "Dam failure triggers huge blackout in Brazil - CNN.com". CNN. November 11, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- "Lights flicker on after blackout in Brazil". NBC News. MSNBC. November 12, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
- Morello, Carol; Halsey III, Ashley (February 7, 2010). "Historic snowstorm in D.C. leaves a mess to be reckoned with". Washington Post. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
- "Chile plunged into darkness by power cut". BBC News. March 15, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
- Patti Sapone/The Star-Ledger (2010-03-13). "Powerful Nor'easter causes extensive damage around New Jersey". NJ.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Bad weather causing NI disruption". BBC News. March 30, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "Fire cuts power to thousands of Portsmouth homes". BBC News. June 27, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
- "83K remain in the dark after strong storms". Detroit News. July 16, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
- "Power outages hit DC area after storms; 2 dead". Business Week. July 26, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
- "Texas weathers rolling blackouts as mercury drops". Reuters. February 2, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
- Nancarrow, Dan (February 3, 2011). "Power down for weeks after Yasi". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on February 2, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
- Do G1, em São Paulo. "G1 – Apagão atinge parte do Nordeste – notícias em Brasil". G1.globo.com. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Orion earthquake response – as of 21 March 2011" (PDF). Orion New Zealand. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Sohn, Pam (May 3, 2011). "TVA expects damaged transmission power lines repaired by end of summer". Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- Sohn, Pam. "High-voltage power towers 'twisted like bow ties'". Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- Chennai, June 30, DHNS:. "Chennai plunges into darkness". Deccanherald.com. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- Flock, Elizabeth (July 11, 2011). "Cyprus naval base explosion leaves 12 dead, more than 60 injured". The Washington Post.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 19, 2011. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- nurun.com (July 23, 2011). "Lights go out in Meadow Lake – again | Local | News". Meadow Lake Progress. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "ComEd restores all power as heat wave rolls in". ABC 7 Chicago. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- Gonzalez, Angel (August 29, 2011). "Utilities Scramble to Restore Power". The Wall Street Journal.
- Watson, Julie (September 9, 2011). "Power failure leaves 5 million in the dark". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- "Security Industry Worried About Smart Grid Cyber Attacks | Blogs". ITBusinessEdge.com. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Havoc in Cyberspace". Pasadena Weekly. August 18, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Huge power outage leaves five million sweltering in California, Arizona, Mexico". The Boston Globe. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012.
- "Freak Blackouts Plunge Korea into Darkness". Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- "Corte de luz afecta desde la Cuarta a la Séptima Región | Nacional". La Tercera. Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Arirang News". Arirang.co.kr. October 30, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
- "Cyprus blacked out in power station fault". reuters.com. April 4, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
- "12 Dead, Millions Powerless After Storms During Intense Heat Spell". CNN. July 1, 2012.
- "Massive power failure in North India: Delhi metro services hit". firstpost.com.
- "Northern & Eastern grids collapse: Biggest power failure in India". economictimes.indiatimes.com. July 31, 2012.
- "Superstorm Sandy: State-by-state snapshot". www.cbsnews.com. October 30, 2012. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012.
- "Assessing the Damage From Hurricane Sandy". www.nytimes.com. October 29, 2012.
- McKenna, Kate (28 January 2013). "Almost 250,000 homes without power as weather hits SEQ electricity grid". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Behemoth storm blankets Northeast with 2 feet of snow, darkens 650,000 homes, businesses". Archived from the original on 2013-02-09.
- "NIE confirm network fault caused Belfast blackout". BBC News. March 22, 2013.
- Day, Matthew (April 1, 2013). "Heavy snow knocks power out for 100,000 in Poland". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Poola vaevleb lumetormi küüsis | Uudised | ERR". Uudised.err.ee. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Widespread blackout hits Luzon due to outage in five power plants | News | GMA News Online". Gmanetwork.com. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Bangkok Post". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Reckless public work causes massive outage in southern VN". tuoitrenews. May 22, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
- "DUYURU 24.09.2013 tarihinde yaşanan elektrik kesintisi..." tredas.com.tr. October 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- "Ice storm: Drizzle, winds could cause more damage as 300,000 across GTA still in the dark". The Star. Toronto. December 22, 2013.
- "Toronto ice storm: Down to 48,000 without power | National Post". News.nationalpost.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "DOE still in the dark on cause of Mindanao blackout". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Power restored to all localities". Times of Malta. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- Rizk, Mariam (4 Sep 2014). "Light gradually returns to Egypt after cities-wide blackout". Al-Ahram Weekly. Al-Ahram. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
- Fensome, Alex; Gates, Charley; Dastgheib, Shabnam (5 October 2014). "Blaze blacks out Auckland suburbs". Fairfax NZ News. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Power disaster disaster situations". prothom alo. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
- "Bangladesh Power Restored After Nationwide Blackout". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved Nov 3, 2014.
- "ESKOM COLLAPSED SILO SITUATION 'VERY SERIOUS'". Eyewitness News. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "Eskom implements load shedding". News24. Retrieved Nov 24, 2014.
- "Eskom issues power emergency". News24. Retrieved Nov 24, 2014.
- "Widespread Blackout Hits Kuwait". ABC News. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "UPDATE 5-Power returns to Amsterdam after outage hits a million homes". Retrieved 2015-03-31.
- TEGNA (2015-11-19). "Spokane Co. working to clear debris from 30 sites". KREM.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "33,000 customers without power in Spokane County | Northwest". KXLY.com. 2015-11-23. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Tens of thousands shivering without power in Washington city". Fox News. 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 25, 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
- By SAMUEL KARANJA More by this Author. "Monkey caused nationwide blackout, KenGen says – Daily Nation". Nation.co.ke. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Ap, Tiffany (2016-06-08). "Monkey causes nationwide blackout in Kenya". CNN.com. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- Charles Ventura. "Most of Puerto Rico still in the dark after power plant fire".
- "SA power outage: how did it happen?".
- King, Andrew. "What caused South Australia's state-wide blackout?". Retrieved 2016-10-02.
- technical reports on South Australia energy market
- Severe Storms February 25 2017
- http://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2017/03/08/90k-without-power-and-winds-sweep-metro-detroit/98899718/ 730K remain without power after Michigan wind storm, retrieved April 3, 2017
- Dobrin, Isabel; Sidersky, Robyn (2017-07-27). "More than 7,000 on Hatteras and Ocracoke are without power, and a fix could take days or weeks". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
- Balouris, Marielena (2017-08-07). "Life on Hatteras Island returning to normal after power outage". WAVY-TV. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
The southern Outer Banks is officially in recovery mode after the eight-day-long power outage.
- http://www.elpais.com.uy/informacion/apagon-sur-ute-lluvias.html |title=Tras apagón restituyen energía; OSE dice que se solucionaron fallas | date=August 26, 2017 | work=Diario EL PAIS Uruguay |access-date=August 27, 2017
- "Major Events". poweroutage.us. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
- CNN, Mallory Simon, Rachel Clarke, Jason Kravarik, Jennifer Rivera, Rafael Romo, Leyla Santiago, Monica Serrano, Brian Vitagliano and Bill Weir,. "Puerto Rico: Too hot, too little food, no power". CNN. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
- Henry, Devin (2017-09-21). "Officials warn Puerto Rico could be without power for 6 months". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
- Threads, Gossamer. "Mailing List Archive: Hurricane Maria: Summary of communication status - and lack of". lists.gt.net. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
- "Major Power Outage Events". poweroutage.us. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
- "1 Million Lose Power After Fierce Storm Hits Northeast". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "Major Power Outage Events". poweroutage.us. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
|Wikinews has related news: Category:Disasters and accidents|
- Hordeski, Michael F. (2005). Emergency and backup power sources: preparing for blackouts and brownouts. Fairmont Press. Retrieved February 4, 2012. ISBN 0-88173-485-3