List of power stations in Michigan

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November of 2015[1]

  Coal (46%)
  Nuclear (24%)
  Natural gas (20%)
  Renewables (10%)

This is a list of electricity-generating power stations in Michigan, sorted by type and name. In 2010, Michigan had a total summer capacity of 29,831 MW through all of its power plants.[2] Michigan's energy mix in 2009 was 66% coal, 22% nuclear, 8% natural gas and 3% renewables.[3] The leading source of renewable energy was wood biomass. Michigan imports all of its coal and nuclear fuel and 82% of its natural gas. A requirement to produce 10% of its electricity from in-state renewables by 2015 has led to the construction of new solar, wind and landfill gas plants. Major electric companies in Michigan are Detroit Edison (11,000 MW) and Consumers Power (9,000 MW). In 2014 Michigan produced 50% of its electricity from coal.

Nuclear power stations[edit]

Nuclear power is a significant source of electrical power in Michigan, producing roughly one-quarter of the state's supply. The three nuclear power plants supply Michigan with about 30% of its electricity.

Cook Nuclear Power Plant
Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station Monroe 1098 Unit 2
Donald C. Cook Nuclear Power Plant Bridgman 2110
Palisades Nuclear Power Plant South Haven 800

Former nuclear power stations

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Big Rock Point Nuclear Power Plant Charlevoix 67 1962 - 1997
Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station Monroe 94 Unit 1, 1957 - 1972

See also Midland Cogeneration Venture, a plant abandoned before completion

Coal power stations[edit]

Trenton Power Plant

Coal power is the leading source of electricity in Michigan. Although Michigan has no active coal mines, coal is easily moved from other states by train and across the Great Lakes by lake freighters.

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Belle River Power Plant St. Clair 1260 Units 1 and 2
D.E. Karn Generating Plant Hampton Township 511 Units 1 and 2
Eckert Power Plant Lansing 350
Erickson Power Plant Lansing 159
Escanaba Paper Company Escanaba 54 coal and wood waste
GM Pontiac Power Plant Pontiac 29
James De Young Power Plant Holland 63 ceased burning coal in April 2016
J.B. Sims Power Plant Grand Haven 70
J.H. Campbell Power Plant Port Sheldon Township 1450
Monroe Power Plant Monroe 3300
Presque Isle Power Plant Marquette 431
River Rouge Power Plant River Rouge 520 Units 2 and 3[4]
St. Clair Power Plant St. Clair 1958 Largest power plant in the world in 1969
Shiras Power Plant Marquette 78
T. B. Simon Power Plant East Lansing 99 ceased burning coal in April 2016
Trenton Channel Power Plant Trenton 536 Unit 9. All other units are closed
White Pine Power Plant White Pine 40 can use natural gas
Wyandotte Municipal Power Plant Wyandotte 73 coal, natural gas and tire derived fuel

Former coal plants

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Conners Creek Power Plant Detroit "Seven Sisters"
Delray Power Plant Detroit
Bayside Power Plant Traverse City Decommissioned in 2005 after it had only served as an option for power generation during peak consumptions times for several years.
Ford Rouge Power Plant Dearborn 345 powdered coal with blast furnace gas and natural gas
Marysville Power Plant Marysville 150 "Mighty Marysville" imploded November 7, 2015
S.D. Warren Power Plant Muskegon 51 closed 2009
B.C. Cobb Power Plant Muskegon 320 shut down April 2016
J.R. Whiting Power Plant Monroe 328 shut down April 2016
J.C. Weadock Generating Plant Hampton Township 511 shut down April 2016
Endicott Generating Station Litchfield 55 shut down May 2016
Escanaba Generating Station Escanaba 23 shut down June 2015
Harbor Beach Power Plant Harbor Beach 121 shut down November 2013

Natural gas power stations[edit]

Michigan has some of its own natural gas production and is a leading state for natural gas transport and storage. Declining prices for natural gas in the early 21st century led to an increase in the number of natural gas power plants. Consumers Power announced a new 700 MW plant to be built near Flint beginning about 2015[5] while the city of Holland plans to replace its coal plant with a 114 MW natural gas plant by 2016[6]

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
48th Street Generation Station Holland 142 two of the three units can use fuel oil
Belle River Power Plant East China Township, Michigan 256 3x General Electric 7EA Simple Cycle Gas Turbines
Conners Creek Power Plant Detroit 240 "Two Brothers", originally coal-fired
Dearborn Industrial Generation Dearborn 710 in the Ford River Rouge Complex, natural gas with blast furnace gas
Delray Peaking Facility Detroit 127
Dean Peaking Station East China Township, Michigan 336 4x General Electric 7EA Simple Cycle Gas Turbines
Hancock Commerce Township 141
Kalamazoo River Generating Station Comstock 68 [7]
Kinder Morgan Power Jackson 564
Livingston Generating Station Gaylord 156
Michigan Power Ludington 123
Midland Cogeneration Venture Midland 1560 re-purposed from a never completed nuclear plant
Mistersky Gas Power Plant Detroit 154
New Covert Generating Facility Covert, Michigan 1159
REO Town Cogeneration Plant Lansing, Michigan 110 also produces steam
Renaissance Power Carson City 660
River Rouge Power Plant River Rouge 260 Unit 1
Sumpter Plant Sumpter 340
Thetford Genesee 222
Zeeland Generating Station Zeeland 868

Oil power stations[edit]

Fuel oils and other liquid fuels are only a minor fuel used in Michigan for power generation. Some units burn liquid fuel only while some multiple fuel units sometimes use liquid fuels as well.

St. Clair Power Plant
Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
6th Street Generating Station Holland 22
Belle River Power Plant St. Clair 14 Units IC1, IC2, 3, 4, and 5
Grand Haven Diesel Plant Grand Haven 22 uses a mix of #2 oil and biofuel
St. Clair Power Plant St. Clair 24 Units 11 and 12

Multiple fuel[edit]

Multiple fuel units may alter their fuel source depending to balance pricing, availability, and energy content.

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Greenwood Energy Center Avoca 785 natural gas, fuel oil, tall oil, biodiesel
T.E.S. Filer City Station Filer City 60 coal, wood waste, petroleum coke, tire derived fuel
Dan E. Karn 3 & 4 Essexville 1000 Natural Gas and or Oil Fired

Municipal solid waste[edit]

Waste to energy plants which use garbage to produce power are a minor source of Michigan's electricity.

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Greater Detroit Resource Recovery Detroit 68 "Detroit Incinerator"
Kent County Waste To Energy Kent 18
Jackson County Resource Recovery Jackson 3.7 with natural gas

Landfill gas[edit]

Landfill gas plants, which use methane collected from garbage dumps to power electrical generators, are in use near a number of Michigan landfills but are only a minor source of power.

Only plants larger than 4 MW[8]

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Arbor Hills Landfill Salem 28.7 Two plants
Pine Tree Acres Landfill New Haven 21.6 Two plants[9]
Riverview Land Preserve Riverview 6.6
Southeast Berrien County Landfill Buchanan 4.8
Carleton Farms Landfill Carleton 4.0
Granger Wood Road Landfill Lansing 8.0 Two plants
Granger / Ottawa County Farms Landfill Coopersville 5.6 Two plants
Granger / Citizens Disposal Landfill Grand Blanc 7.2 Two plants
Granger / Brent Run Landfill Montrose 5.6

Biomass/waste power plants[edit]

Biomass power plants in Michigan often use waste from the lumber industry. Smaller units use food waste, or cow, pig and turkey waste.

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Cadillac Renewable Cadillac 38 wood
Fremont Community Digester Fremont 3 anaerobic digestion of
baby food, other food waste[10]
Genesee Power Genesee 36 wood[11]
Grayling Generating Grayling 36 wood
Hillman Power Hillman 18 wood
L'Anse Warden L'Anse 20 wood
Lincoln Power Lincoln 16 wood[12]
McBain Power McBain 16 wood[13]
Verso Paper Quinnesec 28 wood


Michigan has a number of small hydropower plants; however, the generally small, flat rivers provide a limited source of power.

Croton dam and powerhouse
Plant Location River Power (MW) Notes
Ada Dam Hydro Power Plant Ada Thornapple River 30
Alcona Dam Alcona County Au Sable River (Michigan) 8 Consumers Energy[14]
Allegan Dam Hydro Power Plant Allegan Kalamazoo River 3 Consumers Energy
Belleville Dam Belleville Huron River (Michigan) 2 French Landing
Berrien Springs Hydro Power Plant Berrien Springs St. Joseph River (Lake Michigan) 7 American Electric Power[15]
Big Quinnesec Dam Iron Mountain Menominee River 22 Wisconsin Energy Corporation[16]
Boardman Hydro Power Plant Boardman River 1
Buchanan Hydro Power Plant Buchanan St. Joseph River 4
Cascade Dam Hydro Power Plant Caledonia Thornapple River 2
Cataract Hydro Power Plant Escanaba River 2
Chalk Hill Dam Stephenson Menominee River 7 Wisconsin Energy Corporation
Cheboygan Hydro Power Plant Cheboygan River 1
Constantine Hydro Power Plant Constantine St Joseph River 1
Cooke Dam Oscoda Au Sable River 9 Consumers Energy
Croton Dam Newaygo County Muskegon River 9 Consumers Energy
Crystal Falls Dam and Power Plant Crystal Falls Paint River 1
Edenville Hydro Power Plant Tittabawassee River 5 Hydro Power LLC
Edison Sault Power Plant Sault St. Marie St. Marys River (Michigan-Ontario) 27 [17]
Five Channels Dam Oscoda Au Sable River 6 Consumers Energy
Foote Dam Oscoda Au Sable River 9 Consumers Energy
Four Mile Hydro Power Plant Alpena Thunder Bay River 2 [18]
French Paper Hydro Power Plant St Joseph River 1
Grand Rapids Hydro Power Plant Menominee River 7
Hardy Dam Newaygo County Muskegon River 30 Consumers Energy
Hemlock Falls Power Plant Crystal Falls Michigamme River 3 Wisconsin Energy Corporation
Hodenpyl Hydro Power Plant Mesick Manistee River 17 Consumers Energy
Hoist Hydro Power Plant Marquette Dead River 4
Loud Hydro Power Plant Au Sable River 4 Consumers Energy
Kingsford Power Plant Kingsford Menominee River 6 Wisconsin Energy Corporation
McClure Hydro Power Plant Dead River 8
Menominee Mill Marinette Hydro Power Plant Menominee River 2
Michigamme Falls Power Plant Crystal Falls Michigamme River 9 Wisconsin Energy Corporation
Mio Hydro Power Plant Au Sable River 5 Consumers Energy
Mottville Hydro Power Plant Mottville St. Joseph River 2
Ninth Street Hydro Power Plant Alpena Au Sable River 1 [19]
Norway Hydro Power Plant Menominee River 6
Norway Point Hydro Power Plant Alpena Thunder Bay River 4 [20]
Peavy Falls Power Plant Crystal Falls Michigamme River 15 Wisconsin Energy Corporation
Prickett Hydro Power Plant Sturgeon River (Michigan) 2
Rogers Hydro Power Plant Muskegon River 7 Consumers Energy
St Louis Hydro Power Plant St. Louis Pine River (Chippewa River) 7
Saint Marys Falls Hydropower Plant Sault St. Marie St. Marys River 18 United States Army Corps of Engineers
Sanford Hydro Power Plant Sanford Tittabawassee River 4 Hydro Power LLC
Saxon Falls Hydro Power Plant Saxon Montreal River 1
Secord Hydro Power Plant Tittabawassee River 1 Hydro Power LLC
Smallwood Hydro Power Plant Tittabawassee River 1 Hydro Power LLC
Sturgis Hydro Power Plant Centreville St. Joseph River 2 City of Sturgis
Superior Falls Hydro Power Plant Montreal River 1 XcelEnergy
Tippy Dam Manistee Manistee River 20 Consumers Energy
Twin Falls Power Plant Iron Mountain Menominee River 6 Wisconsin Energy Corporation
Victoria Hydro Power Plant Ontanagon Ontonagon River 12
Way Dam and Michigamme Reservoir Crystal Falls Paint River 2 Wisconsin Energy Corporation
Webber Hydro Power Plant Ionia Grand River (Michigan) 4 Consumers Energy
White Rapids Power Plant Stephenson Menonminee River River 7 Wisconsin Energy Corporation

Pumped storage hydropower power stations[edit]

Michigan has one pumped-storage hydroelectricity station, on the shore of Lake Michigan, used for power balancing. It is the fifth largest such plant in the world.

Plant Location Power (MW) Notes
Ludington Pumped Storage Power Plant Ludington 1872

Wind power stations[edit]

Wind power in Michigan grew rapidly due to national price supports and a Michigan mandate to produce 10% renewable energy by 2015. The largest concentration of wind power is in the Thumb region.

Michigan Wind 1 wind farm near Ubly
Name Size (MW) Location[21]
Beebe Wind Farm 81.6 Gratiot County[22]
Beebe 1B Wind Farm 50.4 Gratiot County
Big Turtle Wind Farm 20 Huron County[23]
Brookfield Wind Farm 75 Huron County[24]
Cross Winds 111 Tuscola County[25]
Echo Wind Park 120 Huron County[26]
Garden Wind Farm 28 Garden Township, Delta County[27]
DTE/Invenergy Gratiot County Wind Project 213 Gratiot County
Harvest Wind Farm I 53 Huron County
Harvest Wind Farm II 59 Huron County
Lake Winds Energy Park 100.8 Mason County[28][29]
Mackinaw City 1.8 Mackinaw City
McKinley 14 Huron County
Michigan Wind 1 69 Ubly
Michigan Wind 2 90 Minden City[30]
Minden 32 Sanilac
Pheasant Run Wind I 75 Huron County
Sigel 64 Huron County
Stoney Corners 60 McBain, Michigan[31]
Traverse City 0.6 Traverse City
Tuscola Bay 120 Tuscola, Bay, Saginaw counties
Tuscola II 100 Tuscola, Bay counties

Solar power stations[edit]

Solar power is a very minor source of electricity in Michigan.

Systems of 0.5 MW and larger

Name Location Size (MW) Notes
Solar Garden 1 Grand Valley State University 3.00 Consumers Energy, community solar[32]
Greenwood Energy Center Avoca 1.95 DTE Energy[33]
Canton IKEA Canton 1.22

[34] [35]

Domino's Farms Ann Arbor 1.08 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Ford World Headquarters Dearborn 1.04 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
University of Michigan Ann Arbor 0.81 DTE Energy SolarCurrents, 2 locations[36]
McPhail Wixom 0.81 DTE Energy SolarCurrents[37]
Romulus Solar Romulus 0.75 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Thumb Solar Caro 0.66 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Heliotek Holland 0.525 [38]
GM Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Hamtramck 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents[39]
Ford Michigan Assembly Wayne 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Hartland Schools Hartland 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Liepprandt Orchard Pigeon 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents[40]
Monroe County Community College Monroe 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Indian Springs Metropark White Lake 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Riopelle Farms Harbor Beach 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
St. Clair RESA Marysville 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Monroe 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Brownstown Solar Taylor 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents
Wil Le Farms Bad Axe 0.5 DTE Energy SolarCurrents


  1. ^ "". Retrieved 2016-02-29.  External link in |title= (help)
  2. ^ State Electricity Profiles, U.S. Energy Information Administration, January 30, 2012
  3. ^ Michigan Energy Overview, Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, State of Michigan, Oct 31, 2011
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Consumers Energy announces plans to build a major new natural gas power plant in Genesee county; project investment estimated at $750 million with about 600 jobs created, Consumers Energy, December 14, 2012
  6. ^ Holland approves $182 million natural gas power plant, electric generation could start in 2016, Greg Chandler, The Grand Rapids Press, December 05, 2012
  7. ^ CMS Enterprises, 2012
  8. ^ [], State of Michigan
  9. ^ Waste Management to Open 12.8 MW Landfill Energy Plant in Michigan, Waste Management, June 15, 2012
  10. ^ Food waste is turned into kilowatts at Novi Energy's digester plant, Detroit Free Press, January 27, 2013
  11. ^ Biomass Power Production, Michigan Biomass, 2011
  12. ^ Lincoln Power Station, SUEZ Energy Generation NA, accessed July 12, 2012
  13. ^ McBain Power Station, SUEZ Energy Generation NA, accessed July 12, 2012
  14. ^ https://[]
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ We Energies
  17. ^ Joint Assessment of Edison Sault Electric Company and Cloverland Electric Cooperative, 2009
  18. ^ [3] Thunder Bay Power Company
  19. ^ [4] Thunder Bay Power Company
  20. ^ [5] Thunder Bay Power Company
  21. ^ U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Michigan, AWEA, 2011
  22. ^ Michigan Wind, Exelon Corporation
  23. ^ Big Turtle, Heritage Wind
  24. ^ DTE Energy buys Brookfield Township wind park, DTE, Jun 2, 2014
  25. ^ Consumers Energy Opens 111 MW Michigan Wind Farm
  26. ^ Turbines begin operation at DTE Energy's Echo Wind Park
  27. ^ Garden Wind Farm, Heritage Sustainable Energy
  28. ^ Lake Winds construction complete; Ludington-area wind farm praised for boosting Mason County,, Dave Alexander, September 21, 2012
  29. ^ Wind turbines in motion: Lake Winds Energy Park up and running in Mason County,, November 26, 2012
  30. ^ Exelon's Michigan Wind 2 Project Now Operational, PRNewswire-FirstCal, Jan. 5, 2012
  31. ^ Stoney Corners Wind Farm, Barton Marlow
  32. ^ Consumers Energy Starts Operating First Community Solar Power Plant at Grand Valley State University, Consumers Energy, April 18, 2016
  33. ^ DTE Energy opens solar energy facilities in three Michigan communities, PRNewswire, Feb. 4, 2016
  34. ^ IKEA to increase size of Michigan’s largest rooftop solar array by approximately 25% atop Detroit-area store in Canton, MI, Ikea Corporate News, December 3, 2014
  35. ^ Michigan’s Largest Solar Array Now Plugged In Atop Ikea Canton, CBS Detroit, July 10, 2012
  36. ^ "DTE Energy - Project Map". DTE Energy. 
  37. ^ DTE is busy growing solar panel field beside I-96, DetroitFree Press, March 10, 2014
  38. ^ Peter Venlet. "HelioTek, LLC - Holland, MI - Home". 
  39. ^ DTE Energy SolarCurrents Utility-Owned Program Aggregate Output, accessed July 11, 2012
  40. ^ "DTE Energy - Project Map". DTE Energy. 
  • Generators list, U.S. Energy Information Administration, accessed July 11, 2012
  • Michigan, U.S. Energy Information Administration, accessed July 11, 2012

External links[edit]