List of power stations in Pakistan

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This is a list of Power Stations in Pakistan. Pakistan had a total installed power generation capacity of almost 23 GW in 2013. However, dependable or de-rated capacity is in the range of 16 to 18 GW during the year, due to variety of factors, whereas demand for electricity is increasing at an average annual rate of eight per cent. And according to World Energy Statistics 2011, published by IEA, Pakistan's per capita electricity consumption is one-sixth of the World Average. World average per capita electricity consumption is 2730 kWh compared to Pakistan's per capita electricity consumption of 451 kWh. International Energy Agency has forecast that total electricity demand of the country will be 49,078 MW in 2025.[1]

Pakistan has an installed electricity generation capacity of 22,797 MW in 2013. The average demand is 17,000 MW and the shortfall is between 4,000 and 5,000 MW. Oil (35.2 per cent), hydel (29.9 per cent), gas (29 per cent), and nuclear, solar and imported (6 per cent) are the principal sources. In the next 10 years, peak electricity demand is expected to rise by four to five per cent, which is roughly 1,500 MW. This dismal forecast is due to a lopsided energy mix, diminishing indigenous fuel reserves, increasing circular debt and transmission hold-ups. Pakistan has almost exhausted its gas reserves. Imported oil's price hikes affect the budget and its constant supply cannot be guaranteed. Pakistan has the potential to meet these energy challenges through hydroelectric power, but there are political and environmental issues in building dams. Rationality demands reducing reliance on oil and going for alternatives. The development of alternatives does not happen overnight. Pakistan will have to rely on imported fuels for the interim period at a huge cost. LNG is difficult to import, using coal has environmental issues, using shale gas also has environmental issues attached with it, and wind power has transmission network challenges.[2] With total estimated coal reserves of over 186bn tonnes, Pakistan ranks sixth among coal-rich countries. Yet, coal's potential has not been exploited adequately.[3]

Thermal[edit]

In service[edit]

Station Location Coordinates Capacity (MW) Notes Refs
Kot Addu Power Company Limited Muzaffargarh, Punjab 24°54′21″N 66°41′41″E / 24.9057°N 66.6946°E / 24.9057; 66.6946 (Hub River) 1,350 Multi Fuel-Fired Thermal Station. [4][5][6][7]
Hub Power Company Limited (HUBCO) Hub, Balochistan 1,292 Furnace Oil Fired Plant. [8]
Hubco Narowal Power Plant (HNPP) Narowal, Punjab 32.059067, 74.781222, 225 Furnace Oil Fired Plant. [9]
Lalpir Power Limited Muzaffargarh, Punjab 30.172472, 70.992945 362 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Atlas Power Limited Sheikhupura, Punjab 225 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Attock Gen Limited Rawalpindi, Punjab 165 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Gul Ahmad Energy Limited Karachi, Sindh 136 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Nishat Power Limited Lahore, Punjab 31.122560, 73.905405 200 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Nishat Chunian Power Limited Lahore, Punjab 200 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Saba Power Company Limited Sheikhupura, Punjab 31.733013, 73.873654 125 Furnace Oil Fired Plant. [5]
Southern Electric Power Company Limited Raiwind, Lahore 31.291388, 74.249188 136 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Tapal Energy Limited Karachi, Sindh 24.999713, 66.906860 126 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Japan Power Generation (Pvt) Limited Raiwind, Punjab 31.325566, 74.262225 135 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Kohinoor Energy Limited Lahore, Punjab 31.263200, 74.187321 131 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Liberty Power Tech Faisalabad, Punjab 200 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Pak Gen (Pvt) Limited Thermal Power Station Muzaffargarh, Punjab 30°06′19″N 71°09′49″E / 30.10528°N 71.16361°E / 30.10528; 71.16361 (PakGen) 1350 Furnace Oil Fired Plant.
Jamshoro Power Station Jamshoro, Sindh 25°28′20″N 68°15′58″E / 25.47222°N 68.26611°E / 25.47222; 68.26611 (Jamshoro Power Station) 850 Oil and Natural Gas-Fired Thermal Station. [5][10]
Bin Qasim Power Plant I Karachi, Sindh 24.785546, 67.358929 1,260 Oil and Natural Gas-Fired Thermal Station [5]
Kot Addu Power Company Limited Muzaffargarh, Punjab 30°26′42″N 70°58′52″E / 30.44500°N 70.98111°E / 30.44500; 70.98111 (Kot Addu Power Plant) 1,600 Oil and Natural Gas Fired Thermal Stations [11][12][13]
Sitara Energy Limited Faisalabad, Punjab 31.533111, 73.393330 85 Diesel and Natural Gas Fired Plant.
Saif Power Limited Sahiwal, Punjab 30.696164, 73.260541 225 Diesel and Natural Gas Fired Plant.
Altern Energy Limited Fateh Jang, Punjab 29 Gas Fired Diesel Engine.
Attock Refinery Ltd Rawalpindi, Punjab 18 Heavy Fuel Oil [14]

Natural Gas[edit]

In service[edit]

Station Location Coordinates Capacity (MW) Notes Refs
Guddu Thermal Station Guddu, Sindh 28°25′38″N 69°41′49″E / 28.42722°N 69.69694°E / 28.42722; 69.69694 (Jamshoro Power Station) 2,402 Combined Cycle Power Plant [5][15]
Bin Qasim Power Plant II Karachi, Sindh 560 Combined Cycle Power Plant [11]
Foundation Power Company (Daharki) Limited Daharki, Sindh 27.985137, 69.673544 185 Combined Cycle Power Plant
Uch-I,II Power Plant Dera Murad Jamali, Balochistan 28.582798, 68.171539 1000 Combined Cycle Power Plant[16]
Nandipur Power Project Gujranwala, Punjab 32.245294, 74.270007 425 Combined Cycle Power Plant[17][18]
Habibullah Coastal Power (Pvt) Company Quetta, Balochistan 140 Combined Cycle Power Plant [11][19]
WAPDA Quetta Thermal Power Station Quetta, Balochistan 30°26′38″N 66°59′49″E / 30.44389°N 66.99694°E / 30.44389; 66.99694 (Quetta Thermal Power Station) 35 Combined Cycle Power Plant [20]
Liberty Power Project Daharki, Sindh 235 Combined Cycle Power Plant
Rousch (Pakistan) Power Plant Kabirwala, Punjab 30°34′06″N 72°08′24″E / 30.56833°N 72.14000°E / 30.56833; 72.14000 (Rousch Power Plant) 450 Combined Cycle Power Plant [11][21]
Engro Powergen Qadirpur Limited Ghotki, Sindh 28°01′37″N 69°21′47″E / 28.02694°N 69.36306°E / 28.02694; 69.36306 (Engro Powergen) 227 Combined Cycle Power Plant [22]
Halmore Power Generation Company Limited Sheikhupura, Punjab 225 Combined Cycle Power Plant
Orient Power Company Limited Kasur, Punjab 229 Combined Cycle Power Plant [11]
Saif Power Limited Sahiwal, Punjab 229 Combined Cycle Power Plant
Bin Qasim Power Plant II Karachi, Sindh 24.781873, 67.359767 560 Combined Cycle Power Plant [5]
Fauji Kabirwala Power Company Kabirwala, Punjab 30.524865, 71.954946 157 Combined Cycle Power Plant [5]
Sapphire Electric Company Limited Muridke, Punjab 234 Combined Cycle Power Plant

Under construction or proposed[edit]

Station Location Capacity (MW) Status
Sindh Nooriabad Power Company (Pvt) Ltd Jamshoro, Sindh 100 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2016 [23]
Jhang RLNG-based Power Project Jhang, Punjab 1,230 Under construction. To be operational by July 2017.[24][25]
Balloki Power Plant Balloki, Punjab 1,223 Under construction. To be operational by July 2017.[26][27][28]
Bhikki RLNG-based Power Project Bhikki, Sheikhupura, Punjab 1,180 Started power generation in Nov 2016.[29] To be fully operational by 2017.[30][31]
Muzaffargarh Power Plant Muzaffargarh, Punjab 1,200 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[32]
Grange Holdings Power Plant Arifwala, Punjab 163 Under construction.[33]
Thar Power Plant Thar, Sindh 100 Under construction."[34]
Kandra Power Company (KPC) Sukkur, Sindh 120 LOI issued.[35]
Star Power Project Daharki, Sindh 134 Proposed.[36]
American Ethane Gas power plants Sukkur, Sindh 3x2000 Proposed.[37]

Coal[edit]

In Service[edit]

Station Location Capacity (MW) Notes
Lakhra Coal Power Station Khanot, Jamshoro, Sindh 150 Operational.[3][38]
Sitara Chemical Industries Ltd Faisalabad, Punjab 40 Operational since Aug 2016.[39]

Under Construction and Proposed[edit]

Station Location Capacity (MW) Notes
Maple Leaf Power Limited Iskandarabad, Mianwali, Punjab 40 Under construction. To be operational by May 2017.[40]
Sahiwal Coal Power Project Sahiwal, Punjab 1320 Under construction. To be operational by Jun 2017.[41][42]
Port Qasim Coal Power Project Karachi, Sindh 1320 Under construction. To be operational by Jun 2018.[43]
Thar Engro Coal Power Project Tharparkar, Sindh 660 Under construction. To be operational by Jun 2019.[44][45]
Siddiqsons Energy Limited Karachi, Sindh 350 Under construction. To be operational by 2019.[46]
K-Electric Coal Power Plant Karachi, Sindh 660 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2020.[47]
Hub Coal Power Project Hub, Balochistan 660 Under construction. To be operational by 2020.[48][49]
Jamshoro Coal Power Project Jamshoro, Sindh 600 Under construction.[50]
Muzaffargarh Sugarcane Husk Power Project Muzaffargarh, Punjab 120 Under construction.[51][52]
Thar Energy Ltd Tharparkar, Sindh 330 LOI issued.
Thar Coal Power Plant Tharparkar, Sindh 1320 LOI issued.[53]
Gwadar Coal Power Project Gwadar, Balochistan 300 LOI issued.[54]
Gadani Energy Park Gadani, Balochistan 1320 MOU issued.[55]

Hydroelectricity[edit]

In service[edit]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
Tarbela Dam Tarbela, Haripur District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Indus River 34°05′23″N 72°41′54″E / 34.08972°N 72.69833°E / 34.08972; 72.69833 (Mangla Dam) 3,478 Operational since 1974, 1410 MW Tarbela-IV Extension is underway to be completed by June 2017 and increase the capacity to 4888 MW.[56] Feasibility study of Tarbela-V Extension has been completed that would generate additional 1,320 MW electricity and increase the capacity to 6,208 MW in almost four years.[57][58][59][60][61]
Ghazi-Barotha Hydropower Project Attock, Punjab, Indus River 33°46′48″N 72°15′35″E / 33.78000°N 72.25972°E / 33.78000; 72.25972 (Ghazi Barotha Dam) 1,450 Operational since 2002; Run-of-the-river
Mangla Dam Mirpur, AJK, Jehlum River 33°08′31″N 73°38′42″E / 33.14194°N 73.64500°E / 33.14194; 73.64500 (Mangla Dam) 1,120 Operational since 1967. Mangla Refurbishment Project is under construction wherein the generating units of Mangla Hydel Power Station will be refurbished by closing down one tunnel (two generating units) at a time. First two units will be refurbished by December 2018, the next two by December 2019 and the other two by December 2020.Refurbishment of all the 10 generating units will be completed by the year 2024. After undergoing refurbishment project is completed capacity will increase by another 310 MW.[62][63][64][65]
Warsak Dam Peshawar, Kabul River, KPK 34°09′50″N 71°21′29″E / 34.16389°N 71.35806°E / 34.16389; 71.35806 (Warsak Dam) 243 Operational since 1960. Dam completely silted up; Power generation by Run of the river. Extension and rehabilitation is being planned.[66] The total cost of the rehabilitation project €162 million is being co-financed with the KfW (€40 million), EIB (€4.5 million), AFD (€41.5 million) and Pakistan government contributions.[67][68]
Chashma Barrage Chashma, Indus River, Punjab 184 Operational since 2001.[69]
Allai Khwar Hydropower Project Mansehra, KPK, Indus River 121 Operational since 2013.[70]
New Bong Escape Hydropower Plant Mirpur, AJK, Jehlum River 84 Operational since 2013.[71]
Khan Khwar Hydropower Project Shangla District, KPK, Indus River 72 Operational since 2012.[72]
Duber Khwar hydropower project Kohistan District, KPK, Indus River 130 Operational since 2013.[73]
Jinnah hydropower project Jinnah Barrage, Punjab, Indus River 96 Operational since 2013.[74][75]
Jagran-I Dam Neelum Valley, AJK, Jagran River 34°36′1.52″N 73°45′44.20″E / 34.6004222°N 73.7622778°E / 34.6004222; 73.7622778 (Jagran-I HPP) 30.4 Operational since 2000.[76][77]
Gomal Zam Dam South Waziristan, FATA, Gomal River 17.4 Operational since 2013.[78]
Satpara Dam Skardu, Satpara River 17.3 Operational since 2012.[79][80][81][82]
Rasul Barrage Hydropower Project Mandi Bahauddin, Jehlum River, Punjab 32°40′49″N 73°31′15″E / 32.68028°N 73.52083°E / 32.68028; 73.52083 (Rasul Dam) 22 Operational since 1952.
Jabban Hydropower Plant (Malakand-I) Malakand District, Swat River 22 Operational since 1935.[76]
Dargai Hydropower Plant (Malakand-II) Malakand District, Dargai, Swat River 20 Operational since 1953.[76]
Malakand-III Hydropower Project Dargai, Malakand District, Swat River, KPK 81 Operational since 2008.[76]
Shadiwal Hydropower Plant Shadiwal Warriach, Gujrat District, Punjab, UJC 32°37′10″N 74°14′30″E / 32.61944°N 74.24167°E / 32.61944; 74.24167 (Shadiwal Hydropower Plant) 13.5 Operational since 1961.[83]
Chichonki Malian Hydropower Plant Sheikhupura, Upper Chenab Canal [84] 31°47′39″N 74°6′54″E / 31.79417°N 74.11500°E / 31.79417; 74.11500 (Chichonki Malian Hydropower Plant) 13.2 Operational since 1959.[76]
Nandipur Hydropower Plant Gujranwala, Upper Chenab Canal [84] 13.8 Operational since 1963.[76]
Naltar-I, Nalter-II Hydropower Project Gilgit, Naltar River 2.28 Operational.[76][85]
Naltar-IV Hydropower Plant Gilgit, Naltar River 18 Operational since 2007.[76][85]
Kurram Garhi Hydropower Plant Kurram Garhi, KPK, Kuchkot Canal 4 Operational since 1958.[76]
Reshun Chitral 4.5 Operational since 1991.[76][77]
Renala Khurd Hydropower Plant Renala Khurd, Okara District, Lower BariDoab Canal 30°53′1″N 73°35′42″E / 30.88361°N 73.59500°E / 30.88361; 73.59500 (Renala Khurd Dam) 1.1 Operational since 1925.[76]
Darawat Dam Jamshoro District, Sindh, Nai Baran River 0.45 Operational since 2014.[86][87][88]
Machai Dam Mardan District, KPK, Machai Canal 1 Operational.[76][89]
Ranolia Hydropower Plant Kohistan District, KPK 17 Operational since 2016.[90][91]
Machai Hydropower Plant Mardan District, KPK 2.6 Operational since 2016.[90][92]
Daral Khwar Hydropower Plant Swat District, KPK 36.6 Operational since 2016.[90][93]
PAEC Chashma Hydel Dam Chashma, Mianwali District, Punjab 1.2 Operational since 2000.[76]
Kathai Dam Muzaffarabad, AJK, Hattian Bala District, Kathai Nullah 3.2 Operational since 1995.[76]
Kundal Shahi Hydropower Project Neelam Valley, GB 2 Operational since 1992.[61][76]
Kel Htdropower Project Muzaffarabad, AJK 0.45 Operational.[76]
Leepa Dam Leepa Valley, Muzaffarabad, AJK 2 Operational.[76]
Jari Dam Mirpur, Azad Kashmir 1 Operational.[76]
Chitral Hydel Power Station Lutkho River, Chitral 1 Operational since 1975.[94]
Singul Dam Gilgit 1.2 Operational.[76]
Pion Dam Gah 1 Operational.[76]
Sermik Dam Skardu 1 Operational.[76]
Basho-I Dam Skardu 1 Operational.[76]
Tormik-I Dam Roundu Valley, GB 1 Operational.[76]
Haramosh Dam Gilgit 1 Operational.[76]
Bubind Dam Astore 0.64 Operational.[76]
Gilgit Dam Gilgit 10.63 Operational.[76]
Skardu-I Dam Skardu 6.96 Operational.[76]
Skardu-II, III Dams Skardu 1.64 Operational.[76]
Chilas-I Dam Chilas 5.62 Operational.[76]
Hunza Dam Hunza Valley, GB 5.13 Operational.[76]
Shyok Dam Shyok Valley, GB 4.85 Operational.[76]
Astore Dam Astore 3.11 Operational.[76]
Kachura-II Dam Skardu 3 Operational.[76]
Ghizar Dam Ghizer District, GB 2 Operational.[76]
Thak Dam Chilas 2.00 Operational.[76]
Phandar Dam Ghizer District, GB 2 Operational.[76]
Bordas Dam Ghanche 2 Operational.[76]
Kharmang Dam Kharmang Valley, GB 1.89 Operational.[76]
Yasin Dam Ghizer District, GB 1.61 Operational.[76]
Bunnar Chilas Dam Diamer District, GB 1.5 Operational.[76]
Roundu Dam Roundu Valley, GB 1.52 Operational.[76]
Kar Gah-I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII Hydropower Project Gilgit 13.34 Operational.[76]
Hisper-I Dam Nager Valley 1 Operational.[76]
Naz Bar Dam Yasin Valley 1 Operational.[76]
Jaglot-I, II Htdropower Project Jaglot 1.32 Operational.[76]
Chalt Dam Nagar Valley 1 Operational.[76]
Khyber-I, II Dams Gilgit 2 Operational.[76]
Shigar Dam Skardu 1 Operational.[76]
Shirting Dam Skardu 1 Operational.[76]
Sher Qila Dam Gilgit 1.11 Operational.[76]
Parishing/Louse Astore 1 Operational.[76]
Darel-I,II Dams Ghanche 1.2 Operational.[76]
Bunner Dam Chilas 1 Operational.[76]
Tangir Dam Chilas 1 Operational.[76]
Boladas-I Dam Hunza Valley, GB 0.64 Operational.[76]
Khunjerab Dam Gujrab River 0.59 Operational.[76]
Gol Dam Skardu 0.4 Operational.[76]
Harpo-I, Harchu, Dainyor, Gurikot, Kayo, Dango Das Hydropower Project Various Locations in GB 2 Operational.[76]
Manthoka, Astore, Gulmit, Tolti-I, Khaplu-I, Kachura-I, Darel Hydropower Project Various Locations in GB 1.5 Operational.[76]
Khaibar-I, II, Mushki, Rattu, Misgar, Ghandus, Kiris-I, Thally-I, Mendi, Stak Hydropower Project Various Locations in GB 1.85 Operational.[76]
Tangir-I, Chillas-II, Hayul, Khaplu-I, Sumayar-I, Mehdabad, Nomal, Pari Hydropower Project Various Locations in GB 1.5 Operational.[76]
Jaglot Sai, Sermik-I, Olding-I, Thore, Minapin-I, Ahmadabad-I, II, Chalt-I, Sosat Hydropower Project GB 1 Operational.[76]
Jalalabad Dam Gilgit 1 Operational.[76]
Hasanabad-I, II, III, IV, V Dams Hunza Valley 2 Operational.[76]
Dumsum Dam Gah 1.5 Operational.[76]
Balagond Dam Gah 1.5 Operational.[76]
Ishkuman-I, II Dams Ishkuman 2.38 Operational.[76]
Ashuran Dam 0.4 Operational.[76]
Thall Dam 0.4 Operational.[76]
Bumborat, Rashang HPP, Matta HPP, Shishi, Karora, Kalam HPP, Keyal, Kaghan, Duber, Jalkot, Gram Chashma, Damori, Keel, Pattika, Chinari, Serai, Kumrat HPPs Various Locations in KPK 2.2 Operational.[76][89][95]

Under construction[edit]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
Patrind Hydropower Plant Muzaffarabad, Abbottabad District, Azad Kashmir, Kunhar River 147 Under construction. To be operational by Apr 2017.[96]
Naltar-V Hydropower Project Gilgit, Naltar River 14.4 Under construction. To be operational by 2017.[97]
Golen Gol Hydropower Project Chitral, KPK, Mastuj River 106 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[74]
Shagarthang Hydropower Project Skardu, Baltistan, Indus River 26 Under construction. To be operational by Mar 2018.[98][99]
Jabori Hydropower Plant Mansehra, KPK 10.2 Under construction. To be operational by May 2018 [100][101]
Karora Hydropower Plant Shangla, KPK 11.8 Under construction. To be operational by May 2018 [100][102]
Neelum–Jhelum Hydropower Plant Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir, Neelum River 34°23′34″N 73°43′08″E / 34.39278°N 73.71889°E / 34.39278; 73.71889 (Neelum-Jhelum) 969 Under construction. To be operational by Jun 2018.[74][103][104][105][106]
Koto Hydropower Plant Lower Dir, KPK 40 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[100]
Lawi Hydropower Plant Chitral, KPK 69 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[100]
Gulpur Hydropower Project Gulpur, Azad Kashmir, Poonch River 102 Under construction. To be operational by Oct 2019.[87][107][108]
Tarbela Dam Extension-IV Tarbela, Haripur District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Indus River 34°05′23″N 72°41′54″E / 34.08972°N 72.69833°E / 34.08972; 72.69833 (Mangla Dam) 1,410 Under construction. To be operational by 2019.[109][110]
Harpo Hydropower Project Skardu, Indus River 34.5 Under construction. To be operational by 2019.[111][112][113]
Karot Hydropower Project Jehlum River, Kahuta Tehsil, Rawalpindi District, Punjab 720 Under construction. To be operational by 2020.[114]
Gorkin-Matiltan Hydropower Project Swat, KPK 84 Under construction. To be operational by 2020.[115]
Keyal Khwar Hydropower Project Kohistan District, KPK, Indus River 128 Under construction. To be operational by 2020.[116]
Kohala Hydropower Project Muzaffarabad District, Azad Kashmir, Jhehlum River 1124 Under construction. To be operational by 2021.[71][117]
Suki Kinari Hydropower Project Kaghan Valley, Mansehra District, KPK, Kunhar River 870 Under construction. To be operational by 2023.[118]
Diamer-Bhasha Dam Chilas, Indus River, Gilgit-Baltistan 35°31′0″N 73°47′31″E / 35.51667°N 73.79194°E / 35.51667; 73.79194 (Diamer-Bhasha Dam) 4,500 -
Taunsa Barrage Hydropower Plant Taunsa, Muzaffargarh District, Punjab, Indus River 120 Under construction.[120]
Kurram Tangi Dam North Waziristan, FATA, Kurram River 83.4 Under construction.[121]
Naltar-III Hydropower Project Gilgit, Naltar River 16 Under construction.[85]
Chashma Hydel Power Project Chashma, Mianwali District, Indus River, Punjab 5.0 Under construction.[122]
Naulong Dam Jhal Magsi District, Mula River, Balochistan 4.4 Under construction.[87]
Nai Gaj Dam Dadu District, Gaj River, Sindh 4.2 Under construction.[123]
Athmuqam Dam Athmuqam, Azad Kashmir, Neelum River 350 Ready to be constructed. Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Corporation announced in October 2016 that it won the contract for the construction. The value of the contract is US$530 million.[124]
Turtonus-Uzghor Dam Chitral, KPK 58 Ready to be constructed. China's Sinohydro Corp. Ltd. and Pakistan-based Sachal Engineering Works Private Ltd won the contract for construction.[124]

Proposed[edit]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
Hanzel Hydropower Project Hanzel, Gilgit 20 Ready to be constructed. Cost estimate $63 million.[125]
Tarbela Dam Extension-V Tarbela, Haripur District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Indus River 34°05′23″N 72°41′54″E / 34.08972°N 72.69833°E / 34.08972; 72.69833 (Mangla Dam) 1,410 Ready to be constructed. Cost estimate $796 million.[58][126]
Kotli Hydropower Project Kotli District, Poonch River, AJK 102 Ready to be constructed.[87] Cost estimate $170 million.[127]
Dasu Dam Kohistan District, KPK, Dassu, Indus River 4,320 Ready to be constructed. Land acquisition ongoing.[128][129][130][131][132]
Kalabagh Dam Kalabagh, Punjab, Indus River 3600 Ready to be constructed.
Bara Dam Tirah, Khyber Agency, FATA, Bara River 5.8 Ready to be constructed.[74][79][79][80][81]
Munda Dam Mohmand Agency, FATA, Swat River 34°21′11″N 71°31′58″E / 34.35306°N 71.53278°E / 34.35306; 71.53278 (Munda Dam) 740 Ready to be constructed.[74][79][80][81] Cost estimate $1.149 billion.[87]
Bunji Hydropower Project Astore District, Gilgit-Baltistan 35°39′N 74°36′E / 35.650°N 74.600°E / 35.650; 74.600 (Bunji Hydropower) 7,100[133] Ready to be constructed.[134] Cost estimate $6.8 billion.[87]
Phandar Hydropower Project Ghizer District, Gilgit-Baltistan 81 Detailed engineering design or tender of documents under process.[74][81] Cost estimate $128 million .[71]
Basho Hydropower Station Skardu, GB, Indus River 28 Detailed engineering design or tender of documents under process.[74][79] Cost estimate $40 million.[71]
Tank Zam Dam Hinis Tangi, KPK, Tank Zam River 25.5 Feasibility studies completed.[79] Cost estimate $234 million.[87]
Kaigah Hydropower Project Kaigah, KPK, Indus River 548 Feasibility studies completed.[135]
Hingol Dam Lasbela District, Hingol River, Balochistan 3.5 Feasibility studies completed. Cost estimate $311 million.[87]
Lower Spat Gah hydropower project Kohistan District, KPK, Indus River 665 Feasibility studies completed.[79][80][81] Cost estimate $697 million.[87]
Akhori Dam Akhori, Punjab, Haro River 600 Feasibility studies ongoing. Cost estimate $1.6 billion.[71]
Middle Palas hydropower project Kohistan, KPK 373 Feasibility studies ongoing.[79][80][81] Cost estimate $763 million.[87]
Upper Palas hydropower project Kohistan, KPK 160 Feasibility studies ongoing.[79][80][81] Cost estimate $763 million.[87]
Thakot Hydropower Project Battagram District, KPK 34°45′N 72°55′E / 34.750°N 72.917°E / 34.750; 72.917 (Thakot) 2,800 Feasibility studies ongoing.[79][80][81] Cost estimate $6 billion.[71]
Patan hydropower Project Patan Village, Indus River 2,200 Feasibility studies ongoing.[79][80][81][123] Cost estimate $6 billion.[71]
Madian Hydropower Project Swat, KPK, Swat River 157 Feasibility studies ongoing.[135]
Sharmai Hydropower Project Upper Dir, KPK 150 EOI invited.[100]
Shushai-Zhendoli Hydropower Project Chitral, KPK 144 Financing is being arranged for these projects by selling shares in the existing projects.[100]
Shogosin Hydropower Project Chitral, KPK 132 Financing is being arranged for these projects by selling shares in the existing projects.[100]
Latambar Dam Karak District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa  ? The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Mairoobi Dam Nowshera District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa  ? The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Jaroba Dam Nowshera District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa  ? The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Naran Dam Mansehra District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 188 EOI invited.[90]
Gorband Hydropower Project Shangla District, KPK 14 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90][136]
Nand Bahar Dam Battagram District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 50 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Mojigram Shagoor Dam Chitral District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 50 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Astar Rabooni Dam Chitral District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 50 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Arkari Gol Dam Chitral District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 50 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Shringal Dam Upper Dir District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 50 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Patrak Barikot Dam Swat District, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 60 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Segokatch Dam Chitral District, KPK 60 The preliminary feasibility study of the project has been completed and process of site selection completed.[90]
Taunsa Hydropower Project 135 IPP, RFP has been accepted.[137]
Naran Hydropower Project 188 IPP, RFP has been accepted.[138]
Shigo Kas Hydropower Project 102 EOI invited.[139]
Arkari Gol Hydropower Project 99 EOI invited.[140]
Bata Kundi Hydropower Project 96 EOI invited.[141]
Ghorband Khwar Hydropower Project 21 EOI Iinvited.[142]
Nandihar Khwar Hydropower Project 12 EOI invited.[143]
Tangir Hydropower Project Tangir Valley, Chilas, GB 15 Proposed. Cost estimate $30.967 million.[87]
Winder Dam Lasbela District, Winder River, Balochistan 0.3 Proposed. Cost estimate $148 million.[87]
Garuk Dam Kharan District, Garuk River, Balochistan 0.72 Proposed. Cost estimate $21 million.[79][87]
Pelar Dam Awaran District, Pelar River, Balochistan 0.3 Proposed. Ccost estimate $20 million<.ref name="Friends of Pakistan Report" />[144]
Daraban Zam Dam Dera Ismail Khan, KPK, Khora River 0.75 Proposed. Cost estimate $69 million.[87]
Ghabir Dam Ghabir River 0.15 Proposed. Cost estimate $121 million.[87]
Papin Dam Rawalpindi District, Wadala Kas 0.3 Proposed. Cost estimate $101 million.[87]
Nekherdim-Paur Dam Chitral, KPK 80 EOI invited.[124]
Rajhdani Dam Kotli District, AJK Poonch River 132 EOI invited.[124]
Mahl Hydropower Project Azad Kashmir, Jehlum River 34°55′N 73°34′E / 34.917°N 73.567°E / 34.917; 73.567 (Mahl) 590 LOI issued.[87]
Azad Pattan Hydropower Project Azad Pattan, Sudhnoti, Jehlum River, Azad Kashmir 650 Proposed. LoS issued.
Kalam Asrit Kalam, Khyber Pakhtunkwa 197 LoS issued.
Gabral Kalam Kalam, Khyber Pakhtunkwa 101 LoS issued.
Bhadi Dhoba Hydropower Project Haveli District 1 Proposed.
Galeter Hydropower Project Kotli District 1 Proposed.[145]
Saridoa Cross Hydropower Project Bhimber District 1.7 Proposed.
Chamfall Hydropower Project Hattian District 6.4 Proposed.[145]
Guddu Hydropower Station Kashmore, Sindh 33 Proposed.
Harighel Hydropower Project 53 Proposed.
Sehra Hydropower Project Azad Kashmir, Poonch River 130 Proposed.
Chakothi-Hattian Hydropower Project Muzaffarabad, AJK 500 Proposed.
Jagran-II Hydropower Project Neelum, AJK, Jagran River 48 Proposed.[146]
Nagdar Hydropower Project Neelum, AJK, Jagran River 25 Proposed.[147]
Duwarian Hydropower Project Hattian Bala, AJK, Jagran River 29 Proposed.[148]
Asrit-Kedam Hydropower Project Kalam, KPK, Swat River 215 Proposed.
Karang Hydropower Project 458 Proposed.
Shogo-Sin Hydel Dam 132 Proposed.
Balakot Hydropower Project Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 300 Proposed.[149]
Shushgai Zhendoll 144 Proposed.
Yogo, Pakistan 500 Proposed.
Thor Hydropower Project 3.6 Proposed.[87]
Yulbo Hydropower Project 3000 Proposed.[71]
Shyok Hydropower Project 520 Proposed.[71]
Tungus Hydropower Project 2200 Proposed.[71]
Skardu Dam Skardu 1600 Proposed.[71]
Dudhnial Hydropower Project 960 Proposed.[71]
Kundal Shahi Hydropower Project 960 Proposed.[71]
Trappi Hydropower Project 32 Proposed.[71]
Nandihar Hydropower Project Battagram, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 10 Proposed.[150]
Mujigaram Shagore Hydropower Project Chitral, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 51 Proposed.[151]
Istaro Booni Hydropower Project Chitral, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 52 Proposed.[152]
Arkari Gol Hydropower Project Chitral, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 79 Proposed.[153]

Nuclear[edit]

Location of Nuclear Power Plants in Pakistan

In service[edit]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
(KANUPP-1) Karachi, Sindh 24°50′41″N 66°47′20″E / 24.84472°N 66.78889°E / 24.84472; 66.78889 (Karachi Nuclear Power Plant) 137 Operational since 1972.[154]
(CHASNUPP-1) Mianwali, Punjab 32°23′20″N 71°27′45.5″E / 32.38889°N 71.462639°E / 32.38889; 71.462639 (Chashma Nuclear Power Plant) 320 Operational since June 2000.
(CHASNUPP-2) Mianwali, Punjab 32°23′20″N 71°27′45.5″E / 32.38889°N 71.462639°E / 32.38889; 71.462639 (Chashma Nuclear Power Plant) 320 Operational since Mar 2011.
(CHASNUPP-3) Mianwali, Punjab 32°23′20″N 71°27′45.5″E / 32.38889°N 71.462639°E / 32.38889; 71.462639 (Chashma Nuclear Power Plant) 340 Operational since Oct 2016.

Under construction or proposed[edit]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
(CHASNUPP-4) Mianwali, Punjab 32°23′20″N 71°27′45.5″E / 32.38889°N 71.462639°E / 32.38889; 71.462639 (Chashma Nuclear Power Plant) 340 Under construction. To be operational by Mar 2017.[155]
(KANUPP-2) Karachi, Sindh 1100 Under construction. To be operational by 2020.[155][156]
(KANUPP-3) Karachi, Sindh 1100 Under construction. To be operational by 2021.[155]
(CHASNUPP-5) Mianwali, Punjab 1000 Proposed.[154]
Coastal Nuclear Power Project Hub, Balochistan 2200 Proposed.[154]

Renewables[edit]

Wind Power[edit]

According to a USAID report, Pakistan has the potential of producing 150,000 megawatts of wind energy, of which only the Sindh corridor can produce 40,000 megawatts.

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
Jhimpir Wind Power Plant Jhimpir, Sindh 56.4 Operational since 2009.[157]
Jhimpir Wind Energy Project (FFCEL) Jhimpir, Sindh 49.6 Operational since Dec 2012.[158]
Three Gorges First Wind Farm Pakistan Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 49.5 Operational since Dec 2014.[159]
Foundation Wind Energy–I & II Pvt. Ltd Gharo, Sindh 100 Operational since Jan 2015.[159]
Sapphire Wind Power (Pvt) Ltd Gharo, Sindh 49.5 Operational since Nov 2015.[160][161]
Yunus Energy Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Operational since Sep 2016.[160]
Metro Wind Power Co Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Operational since Sep 2016.[160][162]
Tenaga Generai Ltd Gharo, Sindh 49.5 Operational since Oct 2016.[160]
Gul Ahmed Wind Power Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Operational since Oct 2016.[160][163]
Master Wind Energy Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 52.8 Operational since Oct 2016.[160]
FFC Energy Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Operational since Oct 2016.[160]
Zorlu Enerji Pakistan Jhimpir, Sindh 56.4 Operational since Oct 2016.[160]
Tapal Wind Energy Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 30 Operational since Oct 2016.[164]
HydroChina Dawood Power Ltd Gharo, Sindh 49.5 Operational since Nov 2016.[164]
Sachal Engineering Works (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by Jun 2017.[160]
UEPL Wind Power Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 100 Under construction. To be operational by Sep 2017.[164]
Thatta Power Plant Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by Oct 2017.[158][165]
Three Gorges Second Wind Farm Pakistan Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 99 Under construction. To be operational by Nov 2017.[166][167][168]
Hawa Energy Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by Feb 2018.[164]
Jhampir Wind Power Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by Feb 2018.[164]
Tricon Boston Corporation Jhimpir, Sindh 150 Under construction. To be operational by Mar 2018.[164][169]
Hartford Alternate Energy Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Western Energy Pvt. Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Zephyr Power Ltd Gharo, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Shaheen Foundation Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Norinco International Thatta Power Pvt. Ltd. Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Trans Atlantic Energy Pvt. Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Act 2 Wind Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Artistic Wind Power Pvt. Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Harvey Wind Power Project Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Zulikha Energy Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Gul Ahmed Electric Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Din Energy Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Burj Wind Energy Pvt. Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 14 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[164]
Dewan Energy (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction.[164]
Titan Energy Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction.[164]
Dawood Power (Pvt) Ltd Gharo, Sindh 50 Under construction.[160]
Bhambore Wind Project Gharo, Sindh 50 Under construction.[160]
MBM Engineering Company Karachi, Sindh 1 Under construction.[170]
Gharo Wind Power Plant Gharo, Sindh 50 Under construction.
Finerji (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction.[164]
China Sunec Energy (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction.[164]
Trident Energy (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction.[164]
Wind Eagle (Pvt) Ltd Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction.[160]
Quaid-e-Azam Wind Park Punjab 1000 Under construction.[171]
AM Pak Energy Punjab 50 LOI issued.[172]

Solar Power[edit]

Pakistan is an exceptionally sunny country. If 0.25% of Balochistan (about 0.1% of Pakistan) is covered with solar panels with an efficiency of just 20%, enough electricity would be generated to cover all of Pakistani demand.[173]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park Bahawalpur, Punjab 1000 To be fully operational by 2017.[174]
Pakistan Parliament Islamabad, Pakistan 80 Operational since Feb 2016.[175][176]
Scatec Solar Project Sindh 150 LOI isuued.[177]
Roshan Power Solar Kasur, Punjab 10 LOI issued.[172]
Bakhsh Energy Solar Lodhran, Punjab 20 LOI issued.[172]
Conergy Solar Project Bahawalpur, Punjab 50 LOI issued.[178]
DACC LLC Solar Sindh 50 LOI issued.[172][179]
Wah Industries Limited Solar Taxila, Punjab 1 LOI issued.[172]
Tech Access Solar Punjab 10 LOI issued.[172]
Solar Energy Pakistan Ltd Thatta, Sindh 35 LOI issued.[172]
First Solar Punjab 2 LOI issued.[172]
CWE Solar Bahawalpur, Punjab 50 LOI issued.[172]
Harappa Solar Pvt. Ltd Sahiwal, Punjab 18 LOI issued.[172]
Iner-teck Kuwait Investment Authority Quetta, Balochistan 500 LOI issued.[180][181]
Oursons Pakistan Ltd Sindh 50 LOI issued.[182]
Helios Power Pvt Ltd Sindh 50 LOI issued.[183]
Meridian Energy Pvt Ltd Sindh 50 LOI issued.[184]
HNDS Energy Pvt Ltd Sindh 50 LOI issued.[185]

Baggase Power[edit]

Bagasse is the crushed residue of sugarcane. It is an excellent raw material for power generation. Pakistan sugar industry is one of the biggest industry in the world and comprises 81 sugar mills with an annual capacity of about six million tons sugar. The industry crushes about 30 to 40 million tons of sugarcane that yields about 12 million tons of bagasse as an industrial waste that has a potential of generating 3000 MW electricity. [186] According to a recent report by National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA), about 16 sugar mills are supplying nearly 120 MW surplus power to electric distribution companies for national grid while many others are producing just enough power for their use only. [187][188]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
JDW Sugar Mills (Unit- II) Jhimpir, Sindh 26.35 Operational.[189]
JDW Sugar Mills (Unit- III) Jhimpir, Sindh 26.35 Operational.[189]
RYK Mills Ltd Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 30 Operational.[189]
Chiniot Power Ltd Chiniot, Punjab 62.4 Operational.[189]
Mirpurkhas Sugar Power Plant Mirpurkhas, Sindh 34.1 Operational.
Sanghar SPP 32 Operational.
Shahmurad SPP 26.5 Operational.
Mehran SPP 22.9 Operational.
JDW Sugar Mill Power plant I Jhimpir, Sindh 20.1 Operational.
Kamaila SPP 20.1 Operational.
Fatima SPP 20.1 Operational.
Khosi SPP 20.1 Operational.
Madina SPP 20.1 Operational.
Pahrianwall SPP 20.1 Operational.
Tandlianwala SPP 20.1 Operational.
Sheikhoo SPP 20.1 Operational.
Bahawalnagar SPP 18.5 Operational.
Bachani Sugar Mill Power Plant 16.8 Operational.
Husein SPP 13.4 Operational.
Faran SPP 13.4 Operational.
Phalia SPP 13.4 Operational.
Premier SPP 13.4 Operational.
Chashma SPP 13.4 Operational.
Punjab SPP 13.4 Operational.
Kohinoor SPP 10.1 Operational.
Bawani Sugar Mill Power Plant 10.1 Operational.
Matiari SPP 6.7 Operational.
Hamza Sugar Mill Ltd Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 15 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2017.[189]
Layyah Sugar Mills Ltd Layyah, Punjab 41 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2017.[189]
Alliance Sugar Mills Ltd Ghotki, Sindh 19 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2017.[189]
Safina Sugar Mills Chiniot, Punjab 20 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2017.[189]
Almoiz Industries Ltd Mianwali, Punjab 62.4 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2017.[189]
Eatihad Power Generation Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 67 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2017.[189]
Mehran Sugar Mill Ltd Tando Allahyar, Sindh 26.5 Under construction. To be operational by Dec 2018.[190]
RYK Energy Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 36 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[189]
Shahtaj Sugar Mills Ltd Mandi Bahauddin, Punjab 32 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[189]
Sheikhoo Power Ltd Muzaffargarh, Punjab 30 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[189]
Indus Energy Ltd Rajanpur, Sindh 30 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[189]
Hamza Sugar Mills Unit-II Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab 30 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[189]
Chanar Energy Ltd Faisalabad, Punjab 22 Under construction. To be operational by 2018.[189]
SSJD Bagasse Energy Jhimpir, Sindh 50 Under construction.[160]

Biomass Power[edit]

Station Community Location Capacity (MW) Status
Biomass Thermal Power Project Faisalabad, Punjab 20 Under construction.[191]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]