List of power stations in South Africa

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South Africa produces around 240,300 gigawatt-hours (865,000 TJ) electricity annually.[1]2007 est. Most of this electricity is consumed domestically, but around 12,000 gigawatt-hours[2] are annually exported to Swaziland, Botswana, Mozambique, Lesotho, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and other Southern African Development Community countries participating in the Southern African Power Pool.[3] South Africa supplements its electricity supply by importing around 9,000 GWh per year from the Cahora Bassa hydroelectric generation station in Mozambique via the 1,920 MW Cahora Bassa high-voltage direct current transmission system of which 1500 MW is sold to South Africa.[4][5]

Most power stations in South Africa are owned and operated by Eskom. These plants account for 95% of all the electricity produced in South Africa and 45% of all electricity produced on the African continent.[6][7]

In terms of share of GDP in 2012, South Africa was the 4th largest investor in renewable power in the world after Uruguay, Mauritius and Costa Rica.[8]

The following is a list of electricity generating facilities within South Africa that are larger than 2 MW capacity. It contains currently operational facilities and facilities under construction. As far as possible the net power output in megawatts is listed, i.e. the maximum power the power station can deliver to the grid.

For notable facilities that are not operating or have been decommissioned see List of decommissioned power stations in South Africa

Type Generating capacity [MW]
Total capacity
51,091
Fossil fuels
42,691
Low carbon (renewable, nuclear + imported hydro)
8,400
Type Capacity [MW]
Coal
39,242
Gas turbine
3,449
Hydro
2,852
Nuclear
1,860
Wind
902
Solar PV
1,074
Solar CSP
200
Landfill gas
7.5
Imported Hydro
1,500

Fossil fuels[edit]

Coal fired[edit]

South Africa has rich coal deposits concentrated in the north-east of the country and as such the majority of South Africa's coal-fired plants are located in the Mpumalanga province. Around 77% of South Africa's energy needs are directly derived from coal[9] and 81% of all coal consumed domestically goes towards electricity production.[10] Historically this has given South Africa access to cheap electricity, but it is also one of the leading reasons that the country is in the top 20 list of carbon dioxide emitting countries.[11][12][13]

Power plant Province Date commissioned
(planned)
Capacity
MW
(planned)
Status Coordinates Operator Planned decommissioning dates [14] Notes
Arnot Power Station Mpumalanga 1971-1975 2,352 Operational 25°56′38″S 29°47′22″E / 25.94384°S 29.78956°E / -25.94384; 29.78956 (Arnot Power Station) Eskom 2025-2029 [15][16]
Camden Power Station Mpumalanga 1967-1969;
2005-2008
1,561 Operational 26°37′13″S 30°05′38″E / 26.62034°S 30.09378°E / -26.62034; 30.09378 (Camden Power Station) Eskom 2020-2023 [16][17]
Duvha Power Station Mpumalanga 1980-1984 3,600 Operational 25°57′50″S 29°20′14″E / 25.96391°S 29.33727°E / -25.96391; 29.33727 (Duvha Power Station) Eskom 2030-2034 [16][18][19]
Grootvlei Power Station Mpumalanga 1969-1977;
2008-2011
1,180 Operational 26°46′S 28°30′E / 26.767°S 28.500°E / -26.767; 28.500 (Grootvlei Power Station) Eskom 2025-2028 Units 5 and 6 were the first test facilities for dry cooling in South Africa[16][20]
Hendrina Power Station Mpumalanga 1970-1976 1,893 Operational 26°01′59″S 29°36′00″E / 26.033°S 29.6°E / -26.033; 29.6 (Hendrina Power Station) Eskom 2021-2027 [16][21]
Kelvin Power Station Gauteng 1957 214 Operational 26°06′58″S 28°11′38″E / 26.11598°S 28.19400°E / -26.11598; 28.19400 (Kelvin Power Station) Aldwych International Nameplate capacity

420 MW[16][22][23]

Kendal Power Station Mpumalanga 1988-1992 4,116 Operational 26°05′24″S 28°58′17″E / 26.0901°S 28.9713°E / -26.0901; 28.9713 (Kendal Power Station) Eskom 2038-2043 Dry cooled; the largest dry-cooled power station in the world.[16][24][25]
Komati Power Station Mpumalanga 1961-1966;
2009-2013
990 Operational 26°05′24″S 29°28′19″E / 26.09000°S 29.47194°E / -26.09000; 29.47194 (Komati Power Station) Eskom 2024-2028 [16][26]
Kriel Power Station Mpumalanga 1976-1979 3,000 Operational 26°15′15″S 29°10′46″E / 26.25409°S 29.17934°E / -26.25409; 29.17934 (Kriel Power Station) Eskom 2026-2029 [16][27][28]
Kusile Power Station Mpumalanga (2017–2021) (4,800) Under construction 25°54′59″S 28°55′02″E / 25.91637°S 28.91709°E / -25.91637; 28.91709 (Kusile Power Station) Eskom Dry cooled[29][30][31]
Delayed[32][33]
Unit switch on dates: 2nd half 2017 to 2nd half 2021
Lethabo Power Station Free State 1985-1990 3,708 Operational 26°44′31″S 27°58′39″E / 26.74194°S 27.97750°E / -26.74194; 27.97750 (Lethabo Power Station) Eskom 2035-2040 [16][34]
Majuba Power Station Mpumalanga 1996–2001 4,110 Operational 27°06′02″S 29°46′17″E / 27.10047°S 29.77136°E / -27.10047; 29.77136 (Majuba Power Station) Eskom 2046-2050 3 units dry cooled (0.2 litres per kwh), 3 units wet cooled (2.0 litres per kwh)[16][35][36]
Matimba Power Station Limpopo 1987-1991 3,990 Operational 23°40′06″S 27°36′38″E / 23.66846°S 27.61062°E / -23.66846; 27.61062 (Matimba Power Station) Eskom 2037-2041 Dry-cooled[16][37]
Matla Power Station Mpumalanga 1979-1983 3,600 Operational 26°16′57″S 29°08′27″E / 26.28249°S 29.14072°E / -26.28249; 29.14072 (Matla Power Station) Eskom 2029-2033

[16][38]

Medupi Power Station Limpopo (2015–2019) 794 (4,764) 1st Unit Operational 23°42′S 27°33′E / 23.700°S 27.550°E / -23.700; 27.550 (Medupi Power Station) Eskom Dry cooled[31][39][40]

Delayed[32][33]
Unit switch on dates: 2nd half 2015 to 1st half 2019

Pretoria West Power Station Gauteng 1952 180 Operational 25°45′28″S 28°08′49″E / 25.75775°S 28.14692°E / -25.75775; 28.14692 (Pretoria West Power Station) City of Tshwane 2016 Nameplate capacity 190 MW

[41][42]

Rooiwal Power Station Gauteng 1963 300 Operational 25°33′21″S 28°14′18″E / 25.55580°S 28.23834°E / -25.55580; 28.23834 (Rooiwal Power Station) City of Tshwane 2025 Nameplate capacity 600 MW

[41][42]

Tutuka Power Station Mpumalanga 1985-1990 3,654 Operational 26°46′43″S 29°21′07″E / 26.77860°S 29.35208°E / -26.77860; 29.35208 (Tutuka Power Station) Eskom 2035-2040 [16][43]
Total: 39,242 (8770)

Gas turbine[edit]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Acacia Power Station Western Cape 1976 171 Operational 33°53′00″S 18°32′08″E / 33.88328°S 18.53546°E / -33.88328; 18.53546 (Acacia Power Station) Eskom [44]
Ankerlig Power Station Western Cape 2007 1338 Operational 33°35′32″S 18°27′37″E / 33.5921°S 18.4602°E / -33.5921; 18.4602 (Ankerlig Power Station) Eskom [45]
Gourikwa Power Station Western Cape 2007 746 Operational 34°10′00″S 21°57′38″E / 34.1666°S 21.9606°E / -34.1666; 21.9606 (Gourikwa Power Station) Eskom [45]
Newcastle Cogeneration Plant KwaZulu-Natal 2007 18 Operational 27°47′08″S 29°58′11″E / 27.7854446°S 29.9695866°E / -27.7854446; 29.9695866 (Newcastle Cogeneration Plant) IPSA Group [46]
Port Rex Power Station Eastern Cape 1976 171 Operational 33°01′43″S 27°52′52″E / 33.02860°S 27.88106°E / -33.02860; 27.88106 (Port Rex Power Station) Eskom [44]
Avon Peaking Power KwaZulu-Natal,

(Shakaskraal)

July 2016 670 Operational 29°25′10″S 31°09′41″E / 29.419567°S 31.161514°E / -29.419567; 31.161514 (Avon Peaking Power) International power [47][48][49]
Dedisa Peaking Power Eastern Cape,
(Coega)
Oct 2015 335 Operational 33°44′33″S 25°40′22″E / 33.742364°S 25.672715°E / -33.742364; 25.672715 (Dedisa Peaking Power) International power R3.5 billion (2015)

[47][48][50][51]

Total: 3449

Low carbon power and renewable energy[edit]

Hydroelectric[edit]

For a more complete list of hydro power stations from large to pico size, see the African hydropower database.

Power plant Province Date commissioned
(planned)
Installed capacity
(planned) (Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Tubatse Pumped Storage Scheme Limpopo (Roossenekal) (?) (1500) Project on hold 25°07′51″S 29°49′24″E / 25.1308986°S 29.8232463°E / -25.1308986; 29.8232463 (Tubatse Pumped Storage Scheme) Eskom Previously called Project Lima
[52][53][54][55]
Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme KwaZulu-Natal 2015(-2017) 666 (666) Two units operational

Under construction

28°16′50″S 29°35′12″E / 28.2805°S 29.5868°E / -28.2805; 29.5868 (Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme) Eskom [32][56][57]
Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme Free State 1981 1000 Operational 28°34′23″S 29°05′13″E / 28.573°S 29.087°E / -28.573; 29.087 (Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme) Eskom [58]
Gariep Dam Free State-Eastern Cape border 1971 360 Operational 30°37′25.43″S 25°30′23.81″E / 30.6237306°S 25.5066139°E / -30.6237306; 25.5066139 (Gariep Dam) Eskom [59]
Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme Western Cape 1988 400 Operational 34°11′52″S 18°58′27″E / 34.19782°S 18.97407°E / -34.19782; 18.97407 (Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme) Eskom [60][61]
Steenbras Power Station (Pumped Storage) Western Cape 1979 180 Operational 34°9′9.07″S 18°53′56.64″E / 34.1525194°S 18.8990667°E / -34.1525194; 18.8990667 (Steenbras Power Station) City of Cape Town [62]
Vanderkloof Dam Northern Cape Sep-1977 240 Operational 29°59′32″S 24°43′54″E / 29.99222°S 24.73166°E / -29.99222; 24.73166 (Vanderkloof Dam) Eskom
Collywobbles-Mbashe Eastern Cape 42 Operational 32°00′02″S 28°34′59″E / 32.0004882°S 28.5830082°E / -32.0004882; 28.5830082 (Collywobbles-Mbashe Hydro) Eskom
Ncora Dam Eastern Cape 2.1 Operational 31°47′15″S 27°40′1″E / 31.78750°S 27.66694°E / -31.78750; 27.66694 (Ncora Dam) Eskom [63]
Sol Plaatje Power Station Free State (Bethlehem) 2009 3 Operational 28°12′58.78″S 28°21′49.00″E / 28.2163278°S 28.3636111°E / -28.2163278; 28.3636111 (Sol Plaatje Power Station) Bethlehem Hydro [64]
Merino Power Station Free State 2010 4 Operational 28°21′49.47″S 28°21′42.21″E / 28.3637417°S 28.3617250°E / -28.3637417; 28.3617250 (Merino Power Station) Bethlehem Hydro
Kakamas Hydro Electric Northern Cape March 2015 10 Operational 28°46′01″S 20°43′36″E / 28.7668859°S 20.7267984°E / -28.7668859; 20.7267984 (Kakamas Hydro Electric Station) Kakamas Hydro Electric Power [65][66][67][68][69][70]
Kruisvallei Hydro (5)
Total: 2852
(671)

Nuclear[edit]

The two reactors at Koeberg are (as of 2010) the only commercial nuclear power plants on the African continent[71] and accounts for around 5% of South Africa's electricity production.[6] Low and intermediate waste is disposed of at Vaalputs Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility in the Northern Cape.

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Capacity
(Megawatt)
Annual output
GWh
Capacity factor % Status Coordinates Notes
Koeberg nuclear power station Western Cape 1984 1,860 13668 84 Operational 33°40′35.2″S 18°25′55.37″E / 33.676444°S 18.4320472°E / -33.676444; 18.4320472 (Koeberg nuclear power station) [71][72]

Wind power[edit]

Klipheuwel Wind Farm, Western Cape
Turbines at the Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm next to the N2
Van Stadens Wind Farm, Easten Cape, South Africa, seen from Aston Bay
Portion of the Cookhouse Wind Farms (outside Cookhouse, Eastern Cape, South Africa) as seen from the N10
The Gouda Wind Farm just outside the town of Gouda in the Western Cape, South Africa

Eskom constructed one small scale prototype wind farm at Klipheuwel in the Western Cape and another demonstrator site is near Darling with phase 1 completed.

The South African Department of Energy allocated 634 MW of wind capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme – bid window 1.[73][74][75]

In bid window 2, 562.5 MW capacity was allocated.[76][77]

In bid window 3, 787 MW were allocated[78]

In bid window 4, 676 MW was awarded.[79][80]

In bid window 4 (additional), 687 MW was added.[81]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (planned)
Capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual output
GWh
(expected)
Capacity factor % (expected) Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Coega Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Coega)
2010 1.8 Operational 33°45′16″S 25°40′30″E / 33.75444°S 25.67500°E / -33.75444; 25.67500 (Coega Wind Farm) Electrawinds [82][83]
Darling Wind Farm Western Cape,
(Darling)
2008 5.2 8.6 (13.2) 19 (28) Operational 33°19′55″S 18°14′38″E / 33.33195°S 18.24378°E / -33.33195; 18.24378 (Darling Wind Farm) Darling Wind Power Darling Wind Power company subject to liquidation
[84][85][86][87][88]
Klipheuwel Wind Farm Western Cape, (Klipheuwel) 2002 3.16 4 15 (20–26) Decommissioned (Prototype/Research) 33°41′43″S 18°43′30″E / 33.69539°S 18.72512°E / -33.69539; 18.72512 (Klipheuwel Wind Farm) Eskom [89][90][91]
Sere Wind Farm Western Cape, (Koekenaap) Jan 2015
(October 2013)
100 (233) (27) Operational 31°29′49″S 18°3′48″E / 31.49694°S 18.06333°E / -31.49694; 18.06333 (Sere Wind Farm) Eskom [92][93][94][95]
Dassiesklip Wind Energy Facility Western Cape,
(Caledon)
May 2014
(May 2013)
27 (88.2) (37.3) Operational 34°13′56.11″S 19°22′48.26″E / 34.2322528°S 19.3800722°E / -34.2322528; 19.3800722 (Dassiesklip Wind Energy Facility) BioTherm Energy [96]
Van Stadens Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Van Stadensriviermond)
Feb 2014
(Feb 2014)
27 (80) (34) Operational 33°57′41.42″S 25°14′47.46″E / 33.9615056°S 25.2465167°E / -33.9615056; 25.2465167 (Van Stadens Wind Farm) MetroWind [97][98]
Hopefield Wind Farm Western Cape, (Hopefield) Feb 2014
(Feb 2014)
65.4 (190) (30+) Operational 33°5′54.80″S 18°22′52.14″E / 33.0985556°S 18.3811500°E / -33.0985556; 18.3811500 (Hopefield Wind Farm) Umoya Energy [99][100][101][102]
Noblesfontein Wind Farm Northern Cape, (Three Sisters) July 2014
(July 2014)
73.8 (219) (34) Operational 31°43′49.70″S 23°11′27.54″E / 31.7304722°S 23.1909833°E / -31.7304722; 23.1909833 (Noblesfontein Wind Farm) Gestamp Wind [103][104]
Kouga Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Oyster Bay)
March 2015

(2014)

77.6 (290.5) (41.5) Operational 34°08′49″S 24°42′40″E / 34.1470°S 24.7110°E / -34.1470; 24.7110 (Red Cap Kouga Wind Farm - Oyster Bay) Red Cap Investments [105][106][107]
Dorper Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Inkwanca Municipality)
Aug 2014
(2014)
97.5 (267) (30) Operational 31°28′40.23″S 26°26′58.40″E / 31.4778417°S 26.4495556°E / -31.4778417; 26.4495556 (Dorper Wind Farm) Sumitomo Corporation and Dorper Wind Development (A Rainmaker Energy Company) Cost: 20 Billion Yen => R2 Billion

[108][109][110]

Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm Eastern Cape, (Jeffrey's Bay) May 2014
(Dec 2013)
135 (362) (37) Operational 33°59′29.81″S 24°50′34.16″E / 33.9916139°S 24.8428222°E / -33.9916139; 24.8428222 (Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm) Globeleq [111][112][113]
Cookhouse Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Cookhouse)
Nov 2014
(Nov 2013)
135 (372) (31) Operational 32°44′31.94″S 25°54′33.94″E / 32.7422056°S 25.9094278°E / -32.7422056; 25.9094278 (Cookhouse Wind Farm) African Clean Energy Developments [114][115]
Waainek Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Grahamstown)
Aug 2015

(2014)

23 (94) (45) Operational 33°19′21.26″S 26°27′41.71″E / 33.3225722°S 26.4615861°E / -33.3225722; 26.4615861 (Waainek Wind Farm) InnoWind [116][117][118][119][120]
Grassridge Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Motherwell)
(Q4 2014) 60 (223) (43) Operational 33°38′51.93″S 25°34′31.28″E / 33.6477583°S 25.5753556°E / -33.6477583; 25.5753556 (Grassridge Wind Farm) InnoWind [117][119][121][122]
Gouda Wind Facility Western Cape,
(Gouda)
Sept 2015

(July 2014)

138 (423) (35) Operational 33°15′49.2″S 19°1′30.06″E / 33.263667°S 19.0250167°E / -33.263667; 19.0250167 (Gouda Wind Facility) Acciona Energy South Africa [123][124]
Amakhala Emoyeni (Phase 1) Eastern Cape,
(Cookhouse)
(Q2 2016) (137.9) (374) (30.5) Under construction 32°50′27.29″S 26°0′37.11″E / 32.8409139°S 26.0103083°E / -32.8409139; 26.0103083 (Amakhala Emoyeni (Phase 1)) Windlab $336 million[125]

[126][127][128][129][130]

Tsitsikamma Community Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Tsitsikamma)
(Q1 2016) (94.8) (355) (43) Under construction 34°4′31.62″S 24°30′16.57″E / 34.0754500°S 24.5046028°E / -34.0754500; 24.5046028 (Tsitsikamma Community Wind Farm) Cennergi [130][131]
West Coast 1 Wind Farm Western Cape,
(Vredenburg)
(2014) 90.8 (293.4) (37) Operational 32°50′19″S 18°00′26″E / 32.8385°S 18.0071°E / -32.8385; 18.0071 (West Coast 1 Wind Farm) Micawber 862 Cost €160 million

[132][133][134][135]

Chaba Wind Farm Eastern Cape, (Komga) Sept 2015

(Q4 2014)

(20.6) (77) (43) Operational 32°35′13.34″S 27°57′32.85″E / 32.5870389°S 27.9591250°E / -32.5870389; 27.9591250 (Chaba Wind Farm) InnoWind [119][136][137]
Gibson Bay Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Oyster Bay)
(Q1 2017) (111) (424) (43) Under construction 34°8′59.62″S 24°30′45.90″E / 34.1498944°S 24.5127500°E / -34.1498944; 24.5127500 (Red Cap - Gibson Bay) Enel Green Power [138][139][140][141]
Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 North Wind Energy Facility Northern Cape,
(De Aar)
(Nov 2017) (139) (470) (39) Under construction 30°32′28.16″S 24°15′36.16″E / 30.5411556°S 24.2600444°E / -30.5411556; 24.2600444 (Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 North Wind Energy Facility) Longyuan Power $290 million

[142][143][144][145]

Nojoli Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Cookhouse)
(June 2016) (87) (275) (36) Under construction 32°45′35.62″S 25°55′7.76″E / 32.7598944°S 25.9188222°E / -32.7598944; 25.9188222 (Nojoli Wind Farm) Enel Green Power [146][147]
Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanhaarberg Wind Energy Facility Northern Cape,
(De Aar)
(March 2016) (96) (300) (35) Under construction 30°44′28.21″S 23°52′2.00″E / 30.7411694°S 23.8672222°E / -30.7411694; 23.8672222 (Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanhaarberg Wind Energy Facility) Longyuan Power [148][149][150][151]
Khobab Wind Farm Northern Cape,
(Loeriesfontein)
(End 2017) (140) (563) (46) Under construction 30°27′51.25″S 19°31′23.85″E / 30.4642361°S 19.5232917°E / -30.4642361; 19.5232917 (Khobab Wind Farm) Mainstream Renewable Power Cost: R3.5 billion (2015)

[152][153][154][155][156]

Noupoort Mainstream Wind Northern Cape,
(Noupoort)
July 11, 2016 80 (305) (43) Operational 31°10′41.67″S 25°1′49.51″E / 31.1782417°S 25.0304194°E / -31.1782417; 25.0304194 (Noupoort Mainstream Wind) Mainstream Renewable Power [153][157][158]
Loeriesfontein 2 Wind Farm Northern Cape,
(Loeriesfontein)
(End 2017) (140) (563) (46) Under construction 30°24′38.42″S 19°35′43.10″E / 30.4106722°S 19.5953056°E / -30.4106722; 19.5953056 (Loeriesfontein 2 Wind Farm) Mainstream Renewable Power Cost: R3.5 billion (2015)

[153][155][159][160]

Roggeveld Wind Farm Northern Cape-Western Cape,
(Matjiesfontein)
(140) (380) (31) Contracting 32°55′2.04″S 20°30′32.72″E / 32.9172333°S 20.5090889°E / -32.9172333; 20.5090889 (Roggeveld Wind Farm) Building Energy [161][162]
The Karusa Wind Farm Northern Cape-Western Cape,
(Matjiesfontein)
(Q2 2019) (140) Contracting 32°53′59″S 20°37′43″E / 32.899648°S 20.628567°E / -32.899648; 20.628567 (Karusa Wind Farm) Enel Green Power [163][164]
The Nxuba Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Cookhouse)
(Q3 2017) (139) Contracting 32°44′41.27″S 25°56′28.98″E / 32.7447972°S 25.9413833°E / -32.7447972; 25.9413833 (Nxuba Wind Farm) Enel Green Power [165]
Golden Valley Wind Eastern Cape,
(Cookhouse)
(117) (400) (39) Contracting 32°50′11″S 25°54′04″E / 32.836375°S 25.901192°E / -32.836375; 25.901192 (Golden Valley Wind) BioTherm Energy [166]
Oyster Bay Wind Farm Eastern Cape,
(Oyster Bay)
(Oct 2017) (140) Contracting 34°07′27″S 24°38′08″E / 34.124142°S 24.635615°E / -34.124142; 24.635615 (Oyster Bay Wind Farm) Enel Green Power [167]
The Soetwater Wind Farm Northern Cape,
(Sutherland)
(Q2 2019) (139) Contracting 32°44′52.06″S 20°38′42.99″E / 32.7477944°S 20.6452750°E / -32.7477944; 20.6452750 (Soetwater Wind Farm) Enel Green Power [168]
Kangnas Northern Cape, (Springbok) (137) Contracting 29°32′41″S 18°14′18″E / 29.544714°S 18.238426°E / -29.544714; 18.238426 (Kangnas Wind Farm) Mainstream Renewable Power [153][169]
Perdekraal East Western Cape, (Touwsrivier) (Q2 2017) (108) (380) (39) Contracting 33°03′16″S 20°06′01″E / 33.0544°S 20.1002°E / -33.0544; 20.1002 (Perdekraal East Wind Farm) Mainstream Renewable Power [153][170]
Excelsior Wind Energy Facility Western Cape,
(Caledon)
(32) (116) (40) Contracting 34°14′20″S 20°14′05″E / 34.238844°S 20.234838°E / -34.238844; 20.234838 (Excelsior Wind Energy Facility) BioTherm Energy [171]
Wesley-Ciskei Eastern Cape, (Wesley) (Q4 2017) (33) Contracting 33°18′17″S 27°21′36″E / 33.304808°S 27.360127°E / -33.304808; 27.360127 (Wesley-Ciskei Wind Project) InnoWind [172]
Copperton Windfarm Northern Cape, Copperton (late 2017) (102) (194) (22) Contracting 29°54′30″S 22°20′45″E / 29.908267°S 22.345848°E / -29.908267; 22.345848 (Copperton Wind Farm) Gestamp Wind [173][174][175]
Garob Wind Farm Northern Cape, Copperton (Oct 2018) (136) Contracting 29°55′44″S 22°24′06″E / 29.928871°S 22.401696°E / -29.928871; 22.401696 (Garob Wind Farm) Enel Green Power [176]
Total: 982.3
(2212.3)

Concentrated solar power[edit]

Concentrated solar power uses molten salt energy storage in a tower or trough configurations.

The South African Department of Energy allocated 150 MW of concentrated solar power (CSP) capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme – bid window 1.[73][74][75]

In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: window 2, a capacity of 50 MW was allocated[76][77]

In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: window 3, a capacity of 200 MW was allocated.[177]

In an additional bid allocation to window 4, a further 100 MW was allocated.

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual output
GWh (expected)
Capacity factor % (expected) Energy storage [hours] Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Khi Solar One Northern Cape,

Upington

Feb 2016

(2014)

50 (190) (43) 2 Operational 28°32′08″S 21°04′41″E / 28.535584°S 21.078022°E / -28.535584; 21.078022 (Khi Solar One) Abengoa Area: 6 km2

[178][179][180][181]

KaXu Solar One Northern Cape, Pofadder March 2015

(2014)

100 (320) (36) 2.5 Operational 28°52′46″S 19°35′34″E / 28.879503°S 19.592789°E / -28.879503; 19.592789 (KaXu Solar One) Abengoa Total investment: US$891 million

[182][183][184][185]

Bokpoort CSP Northern Cape, Groblershoop Dec 2015 50 (200) (45) 9.3 Operational 28°43′26.96″S 21°59′34.88″E / 28.7241556°S 21.9930222°E / -28.7241556; 21.9930222 (Bokpoort CSP Project) Acwa Power $328 million

[186][187][188][189]

Xina CSP South Africa Northern Cape, Pofadder (2016) (100) (380) (44) 5 Under construction 28°53′40.56″S 19°35′53.52″E / 28.8946000°S 19.5982000°E / -28.8946000; 19.5982000 (Xina CSP Project) Abengoa $880 million total investment

[190][191]

Ilanga 1 Northern Cape, Upington (March 2017) (100) 4.5 Under construction 28°29′25.79″S 21°32′27.13″E / 28.4904972°S 21.5408694°E / -28.4904972; 21.5408694 (Ilanga 1 CSP Project) Karoshoek Consortium [192][193]
Kathu Solar Park Northern Cape, Kathu (2nd half 2018) (100) (383) 4.5 Under construction Parabolic Trough

[194][195][196]

Redstone Solar Thermal Power Northern Cape, Postmasburg (early 2018) (100) (480) (54) 12 Contracting 28°17′53″S 23°21′56″E / 28.29806°S 23.36556°E / -28.29806; 23.36556 (Redstone Solar Thermal Power) SolarReserve Tower configuration, dry cooling. Area 6.07 km².
$715 million [197]
R8 billion capital cost,
R150 million yearly running costs (2015 Rands)
[198][199][200]
Total: 200
(400)

Solar PV power[edit]

The South African Department of Energy allocated 631.53 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme – bid window 1.[73][74][75]

In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme bid window 2, a capacity of 417.1 MW was allocated.[76][77][201]

In bid window 3, 435 MW was awarded.[202]

In bid window 4, 415 MW was awarded.[203]

In bid window 4(+), 398 MW was added.[204]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual output
GWh (expected)
Capacity factor  % (expected) ! Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Kalkbult Northern Cape Sep 2013 75 146.5 (21) Operational 30°9′34.09″S 24°7′50.02″E / 30.1594694°S 24.1305611°E / -30.1594694; 24.1305611 (Kalkbult Solar Energy Facility) Scatec Solar [205][206][207][208][209][210]
SlimSun Swartland Solar Park Western Cape (2013) 5 (8.7) (20) Operational 33°21′00″S 18°31′46″E / 33.34996°S 18.52947°E / -33.34996; 18.52947 (SlimSun Swartland Solar Park) Slimsun [211][212]
RustMo1 Solar Farm North West Nov 2013 (2014) 6.93 Operational 25°44′13.8″S 27°25′10.49″E / 25.737167°S 27.4195806°E / -25.737167; 27.4195806 (RustMo1 Solar Farm) RustMo1 [213]
Konkoonsies Solar Northern Cape, Pofadder Mar 2014 9.65 (18.6) (22) Operational 28°53′13.56″S 19°33′13.57″E / 28.8871000°S 19.5537694°E / -28.8871000; 19.5537694 (Konkoonsies Solar) BioTherm Energy [214]
Aries Solar PV Energy Facility Northern Cape Mar 2014 (Jul 2013) 9.65 (18.6) (22) Operational 29°29′40.094″S 20°46′58.741″E / 29.49447056°S 20.78298361°E / -29.49447056; 20.78298361 (Aries Solar PV Energy Facility) BioTherm Energy [215]
Greefspan PV Power Plant Northern Cape, Douglas April 2014 10 Operational 29°23′9.24″S 23°18′53.75″E / 29.3859000°S 23.3149306°E / -29.3859000; 23.3149306 (Greefspan PV Power Plant) AE-AMD Independent Power Producer 1 [216]
Herbert PV Power Plant Northern Cape, Douglas April 2014 19.9 Operational 29°0′9.45″S 23°48′7.55″E / 29.0026250°S 23.8020972°E / -29.0026250; 23.8020972 (Herbert PV Power Plant) AE-AMD Independent Power Producer 1 [217]
Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV Prieska Northern Cape, Copperton 1 October 2014 19.93 Operational 29°57′56.4″S 22°18′53.2″E / 29.965667°S 22.314778°E / -29.965667; 22.314778 (Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV Prieska) Gestamp Solar [218]
Soutpan Solar Park Limpopo,
Vivo, Limpopo
July 2014 28 (50) (20) Operational 22°59.5′S 29°15.1′E / 22.9917°S 29.2517°E / -22.9917; 29.2517 (Soutpan Solar Park) Erika Energy

(SunEdison)

R1.4 billion (2012)

[219]

Witkop Solar Park Limpopo,
Polokwane
Sep 2014 (Aug 2013) 29.7 (60) (23) Operational 24°2.5′S 29°21.7′E / 24.0417°S 29.3617°E / -24.0417; 29.3617 (Witkop Solar Park) Core Energy

(SunEdison)

[220]
Touwsrivier CPV Solar Project Western Cape, Touwsrivier Dec 2014 36 Operational 33°24′51.67″S 19°55′0.86″E / 33.4143528°S 19.9169056°E / -33.4143528; 19.9169056 (Touwsrivier CPV Solar Project) Soitec CPV-type
[221][222][223][224]
De Aar Solar Power Northern Cape,
De Aar
Apr 2014 48.3 (89.4) (20.4) Operational 30°37′30″S 24°1′46″E / 30.62500°S 24.02944°E / -30.62500; 24.02944 (De Aar Solar Power) Globeleq [225][226]
Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV De Aar Northern Cape,
De Aar
Aug 2014 (2014) 9.7 Operational 30°37′43″S 24°00′24″E / 30.628607°S 24.006758°E / -30.628607; 24.006758 (Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV De Aar) Gestamp Solar [227][228][229]
Solar Capital De Aar Northern Cape,
De Aar
Aug 2014 (2014) 75 (166.4) (25) Operational 30°34′45.28″S 24°3′57.86″E / 30.5792444°S 24.0660722°E / -30.5792444; 24.0660722 (Solar Capital De Aar Solar Energy Facility) Solar Capital [230][231][232]
Solar Capital De Aar 3 Northern Cape,
De Aar
(Feb 2015) 75 (150) (22) Operational 30°34′45.28″S 24°3′57.86″E / 30.5792444°S 24.0660722°E / -30.5792444; 24.0660722 (Solar Capital De Aar 3 Solar Energy Facility) Solar Capital [233][234][235]
SA Mainstream Renewable Power Droogfontein Northern Cape,

Kimberley

Apr 2014 (Oct 2013) 45.4 (89.4) (20.4) Operational 28°36′57.58″S 24°45′18.37″E / 28.6159944°S 24.7551028°E / -28.6159944; 24.7551028 (SA Mainstream Renewable Power Droogfontein) Mainstream Renewable Power South Africa [236][237]
Letsatsi PV Project Free State, Bloemfontein May 2014 64 (150) (26) Operational 28°54′31.57″S 25°55′31.57″E / 28.9087694°S 25.9254361°E / -28.9087694; 25.9254361 (Letsatsi PV Project) SolarReserve Investment: about $293 million.
Add cost R2 billion over 20 years
75 MWDC→64 MWAC
[209][238][239][240][241]
Lesedi PV Project Northern Cape, Postmasburg May 2014 64 (150) (26) Operational 28°19′04″S 23°21′26″E / 28.317669°S 23.357263°E / -28.317669; 23.357263 (Lesedi PV Project) SolarReserve Investment: about $293 million.
Add cost R2 billion over 20 years
75 MWDC→64 MWAC
[209][240][242][243][244]
Kathu Solar Energy Facility 1 Northern Cape Aug 2014 (2014) 75 (179) (27) Operational 27°36′05″S 22°55′21″E / 27.601500°S 22.922500°E / -27.601500; 22.922500 (Kathu Solar Energy Facility) Building Energy incorporating tracking system technology

[198][209][245][246][247][248]

Sishen Solar Facility Northern Cape Dec 2014 74 (216) (24) Operational 27°35′12″S 22°56′09″E / 27.58660°S 22.93590°E / -27.58660; 22.93590 (Sishen Solar Energy Facility) Building Energy [249][250][251]
Using horizontal trackers. Corresponds to 74 MWAC.[209]
Aurora Solar Project Western Cape (2014) (9.00) (18.7) (20) 32°38′28.84″S 18°29′50.24″E / 32.6413444°S 18.4972889°E / -32.6413444; 18.4972889 (Aurora Solar Project) Aurora-Rietvlei Solar Power [252]
Vredendal Solar Power Park Western Cape Jul 2014 (2014) 8.80 (19.0) (20) Operational 31°38′7.36″S 18°30′18.34″E / 31.6353778°S 18.5050944°E / -31.6353778; 18.5050944 (Vredendal Solar Power Park) Solairedirect [253]
Linde Solar Project Northern Cape June 2014 36.8 (87) (25) Operational 31°00′10″S 24°39′32″E / 31.002765°S 24.658780°E / -31.002765; 24.658780 (Linde Solar Project) Scatec Solar [207][254][255]
Dreunberg Solar Project Eastern Cape Dec 2014 32.3 (69.60) (147.2) (24) Operational 30°49′39.5″S 26°12′38″E / 30.827639°S 26.21056°E / -30.827639; 26.21056 (Dreunberg Solar Project) Scatec Solar [207][256]
Jasper Solar Energy Project Northern Cape Nov 2014 75 175.8 (21.4) Operational 28°17′53″S 23°21′56″E / 28.29806°S 23.36556°E / -28.29806; 23.36556 (Jasper Solar Energy Project) SolarReserve The project cost: $260 million.
96 MWDC→75 MWAC net generation
[209][257][258][259][260][261][262][263]
Boshoff Solar Park Free State Oct 2014 57 (66) (142) (24) Operational 28°27.9′S 25°11.6′E / 28.4650°S 25.1933°E / -28.4650; 25.1933 (Boshoff Solar Park) SunEdison Cost: $247 million / R2.4 billion (2013)
[264][265][266]
Upington Solar PV Northern Cape Jul 2014 8.90 Operational
Adams Solar PV 2 Northern Cape,

Hotazel

(Aug 2016) (75) (167) (25) Under construction 27°22′10.14″S 23°0′45.18″E / 27.3694833°S 23.0125500°E / -27.3694833; 23.0125500 (Adams Solar PV 2 Project) Enel Green Power [267][268]
Tom Burke Solar Park Limpopo (Mar 2016) (60) (119) (23) Under construction 23°4′24.67″S 27°59′21.48″E / 23.0735194°S 27.9893000°E / -23.0735194; 27.9893000 (Tom Burke Solar Park) Enel Green Power Area: 148 hectares
[269]
Mulilo Sonnedix Prieska PV Northern Cape, Copperton July 2016

(Dec 2015)

75 Operational 30°1′27.86″S 22°21′44.02″E / 30.0244056°S 22.3622278°E / -30.0244056; 22.3622278 (Mulilo Sonnedix Prieska PV) Mulilo Renewable Energy 86 MWDC→ 75 MWAC

Cost: R1.3 billion

[270][271]

Paleisheuwel Solar Park Western Cape April 27, 2016 75 (143) Operational 32°25′23″S 18°44′08″E / 32.42306°S 18.73556°E / -32.42306; 18.73556 (Paleisheuwel Solar Park) Enel Green Power 82.5 MWDC→75 MWAC net generation

[272][273]

Pulida Solar Park Free State,

Jacobsdal

(Aug 2016) (75) (153) Under construction 29°02′40″S 24°55′30″E / 29.04444°S 24.92500°E / -29.04444; 24.92500 (Pulida Solar Park) Enel Green Power Area: 220 hectares (2.2 km²)
[274]
Mulilo Prieska PV Northern Cape, Copperton (Nov 2015) (75) Under construction 30°2′2.96″S 22°19′10.93″E / 30.0341556°S 22.3197028°E / -30.0341556; 22.3197028 (Mulilo Prieska PV) Mulilo Renewable Energy Area: 205 hectares (2.05 km²)
[275]
Kathu Solar Energy Facility 2 Northern Cape (201?) (28) (61.6)   Under Development 27°36′05″S 22°55′21″E / 27.601500°S 22.922500°E / -27.601500; 22.922500 (Kathu Solar Energy Facility) Building Energy [198][247]
Sirius Solar PV Project One Northern Cape, Upington (75) Contracting 28°32′53″S 21°05′16″E / 28.548192°S 21.087916°E / -28.548192; 21.087916 (Sirius Solar PV Project One) Scatec Solar [276][277]
Droogfontein 2 Solar Northern Cape,

Kimberley

(July 2018) (75) Uncertain due SunEdison bankruptcy 28°34′16″S 24°41′52″E / 28.571161°S 24.697916°E / -28.571161; 24.697916 (Droogfontein 2 Solar) SunEdison Solar PV with single-axis tracker

[278]

Dyason's Klip 1 Northern Cape,

Upington

(75) Contracting 28°34′20″S 21°04′36″E / 28.572289°S 21.076540°E / -28.572289; 21.076540 (Dyason’s Klip 1) Scatec Solar [279]
Dyason's Klip 2 Northern Cape,

Upington

(75) Contracting 28°33′58″S 21°03′46″E / 28.566129°S 21.062870°E / -28.566129; 21.062870 (Dyason’s Klip 2) Scatec Solar [280]
Konkoonsies II Solar Facility Northern Cape, Pofadder (Feb 2017) (75) (208) (27.8) Contracting 28°53′30″S 19°33′44″E / 28.891775°S 19.562217°E / -28.891775; 19.562217 (Konkoonsies II Solar Facility) BioTherm Energy Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[281]

Aggeneys Solar Project Northern Cape, Pofadder (Aug 2016) (40) (111) (28.4) Contracting 29°14′09″S 18°53′52″E / 29.235794°S 18.897656°E / -29.235794; 18.897656 (Aggeneys Solar Project) BioTherm Energy Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[282]

Solar Capital Orange Northern Cape,
Loeriesfontein
(March 2018) (75) Contracting 30°30′31″S 19°36′23″E / 30.508580°S 19.606456°E / -30.508580; 19.606456 (Solar Capital Orange PV) Solar Capital Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[283]

De Wildt Solar North West,

Brits

(Nov 2017) (50) Uncertain due to SunEdison bankruptcy 25°38′28″S 27°56′14″E / 25.640994°S 27.937183°E / -25.640994; 27.937183 (De Wildt Solar) SunEdison Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[284]

Bokamoso Solar North West,

Leeudoringstad

(Nov 2017) (68) (130) Uncertain due to SunEdison bankruptcy 27°09′24″S 26°24′01″E / 27.156677°S 26.400278°E / -27.156677; 26.400278 (Bokamoso Solar) SunEdison Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[284][285]

Zeerust Solar Park North West,

Zeerust

(Nov 2017) (75) Uncertain due to SunEdison bankruptcy 25°34′43″S 26°04′51″E / 25.578623°S 26.080963°E / -25.578623; 26.080963 (Zeerust Solar) SunEdison Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[284][286]

Greefspan 2 Solar Park Northern Cape,Douglas (Nov 2018) (55) Uncertain due to SunEdison bankruptcy 29°23′05″S 23°18′54″E / 29.384741°S 23.314991°E / -29.384741; 23.314991 (Greefspan 2 Solar Park) SunEdison Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[287]

Waterloo Solar Park North West,

Vryburg

(75) Uncertain due to SunEdison bankruptcy 27°01′15″S 24°46′32″E / 27.020736°S 24.775541°E / -27.020736; 24.775541 (Waterloo Solar Park) SunEdison Solar PV with single - axis tracker

[288]

Total: 1074
(1346)

Landfill gas power[edit]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual output
GWh (expected)
Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Johannesburg Landfill Gas to Electricity Gauteng (18)
Mariannhill Landfill Gas to Electricity KwaZulu-Natal 2006 1 Operational 29°50.707′S 30°50.180′E / 29.845117°S 30.836333°E / -29.845117; 30.836333 eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality [289][290][291]
Bisasar Road Landfill Gas to Electricity KwaZulu-Natal 2009 6.5 Operational eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality [292][293]

Biomass power[edit]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual output
GWh (expected)
Status Coordinates Operator Notes
PetroSA Biogas Project Western Cape,

(Mossel Bay)

2007 4,2 (32) Operational 34°10′26″S 21°59′05″E / 34.173811°S 21.984621°E / -34.173811; 21.984621 (PetroSA Biogas Project) PetroSA [294][295]
Ngodwana Energy Project Mpumalanga, Ngodwana Q3 2018 (25) (198) Contracting 25°34′41″S 30°39′32″E / 25.578097°S 30.658842°E / -25.578097; 30.658842 (Ngodwana Energy Project) Sappi Wood Pulp

[296]

Mkuze KwaZulu-Natal (16.5) (130)

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]