List of power stations in South Africa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Type Capacity [MW]
Coal
45,618
OCGT
3,449
Wind
3,322
Hydro
2,290
Nuclear
1,860
Solar PV
1,717
Solar CSP
400
Biomass
71
Landfill gas
26.5
Total Capacity
58,753

South African Power Grid as of 2022

  Coal (78%)
  OCGT (5.9%)
  Wind (5.7%)
  Hydro (3.9%)
  Solar (3.6%)
  Nuclear (3.2%)
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

South Africa produces around 229,200 gigawatt-hours (825,000 TJ) electricity annually.[1]2015 est. Most of this electricity is consumed domestically, but around 12,000 gigawatt-hours[2] are annually exported to Eswatini, Botswana, Mozambique, Lesotho, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and other Southern African Development Community countries participating in the Southern African Power Pool.[3] South Africa supplements its electricity supply by importing around 9,000 GWh per year from the Cahora Bassa hydroelectric generation station in Mozambique via the 1,920 MW Cahora Bassa high-voltage direct current transmission system of which 1500 MW is sold to South Africa.[4][5]

Most power stations in South Africa are owned and operated by Eskom. These plants account for 95% of all the electricity produced in South Africa and 45% of all electricity produced on the African continent.[6][7]

In terms of share of GDP in 2012, South Africa was the 4th largest investor in renewable power in the world after Uruguay, Mauritius and Costa Rica.[8]

The following is a list of electricity generating facilities within South Africa that are larger than 2 MW capacity. It contains currently operational facilities and facilities under construction. As far as possible the net power output in megawatts is listed, i.e. the maximum power the power station can deliver to the grid.

For notable facilities that are not operating or have been decommissioned see List of decommissioned power stations in South Africa

Fossil Fuels[edit]

Coal fired[edit]

South Africa is the seventh biggest coal producer in the world and has rich coal deposits concentrated in the north-east of the country and as such the majority of South Africa's coal-fired plants are located in the Mpumalanga province. Around 81% of South Africa's energy needs are directly derived from coal[9] and 81% of all coal consumed domestically goes towards electricity production.[10] Historically this has given South Africa access to cheap electricity, but it is also one of the leading reasons that the country is in the top 20 list of carbon dioxide emitting countries.[11][12][13]

Power plant Province Coordinates Total Capacity
MW
Date commissioned
(planned)
Planned decommission[14] Operator Notes
Arnot Power Station MP 25°56′38″S 29°47′22″E / 25.94384°S 29.78956°E / -25.94384; 29.78956 (Arnot Power Station) 2,352 1971–1975 2025–2029 Eskom [15][16]
Camden Power Station MP 26°37′13″S 30°05′38″E / 26.62034°S 30.09378°E / -26.62034; 30.09378 (Camden Power Station) 1,561 1967–1969;
2005–2008
2020–2023 Eskom [16][17]
Duvha Power Station MP 25°57′50″S 29°20′14″E / 25.96391°S 29.33727°E / -25.96391; 29.33727 (Duvha Power Station) 3,600 1980–1984 2030–2034 Eskom [16][18][19]
Grootvlei Power Station MP 26°46′S 28°30′E / 26.767°S 28.500°E / -26.767; 28.500 (Grootvlei Power Station) 1,180 1969–1977;
2008–2011
2025–2028 Eskom Units 5 and 6 were the first test facilities for dry cooling in South Africa[16][20]
Hendrina Power Station MP 26°01′59″S 29°36′00″E / 26.033°S 29.6°E / -26.033; 29.6 (Hendrina Power Station) 1,893 1970–1976 2021–2027 Eskom [16][21]
Kelvin Power Station GP 26°06′58″S 28°11′38″E / 26.11598°S 28.19400°E / -26.11598; 28.19400 (Kelvin Power Station) 214 1957 Aldwych International Nameplate capacity: 420 MW[16][22][23]
Kendal Power Station MP 26°05′24″S 28°58′17″E / 26.0901°S 28.9713°E / -26.0901; 28.9713 (Kendal Power Station) 4,116 1988–1992 2038–2043 Eskom Dry cooled; the largest dry-cooled power station in the world.[16][24][25]
Komati Power Station MP 26°05′24″S 29°28′19″E / 26.09000°S 29.47194°E / -26.09000; 29.47194 (Komati Power Station) 990 1961–1966;
2009–2013
2024–2028 Eskom [16][26]
Kriel Power Station MP 26°15′15″S 29°10′46″E / 26.25409°S 29.17934°E / -26.25409; 29.17934 (Kriel Power Station) 3,000 1976–1979 2026–2029 Eskom [16][27][28]
Kusile Power Station MP 25°54′59″S 28°55′02″E / 25.91637°S 28.91709°E / -25.91637; 28.91709 (Kusile Power Station) 3,200 (1,600) (2022–2024) Eskom Under construction; 4/6 Units Operational[29][30]
Dry cooled[31][32][33] (Planned:4,800MW)
Lethabo Power Station FS 26°44′31″S 27°58′39″E / 26.74194°S 27.97750°E / -26.74194; 27.97750 (Lethabo Power Station) 3,708 1985–1990 2035–2040 Eskom [16][34]
Majuba Power Station MP 27°06′02″S 29°46′17″E / 27.10047°S 29.77136°E / -27.10047; 29.77136 (Majuba Power Station) 4,110 1996–2001 2046–2050 Eskom 3 units dry cooled (0.2 l/kWh), 3 units wet cooled (2.0 l/kWh)[16][35]
Matimba Power Station LP 23°40′06″S 27°36′38″E / 23.66846°S 27.61062°E / -23.66846; 27.61062 (Matimba Power Station) 3,990 1987–1991 2037–2041 Eskom Dry-cooled[16][36]
Matla Power Station MP 26°16′57″S 29°08′27″E / 26.28249°S 29.14072°E / -26.28249; 29.14072 (Matla Power Station) 3,600 1979–1983 2029–2033 Eskom

[16][37]

Medupi Power Station LP 23°42′S 27°33′E / 23.700°S 27.550°E / -23.700; 27.550 (Medupi Power Station) 3970 (794) 2021 Eskom Constructed; 5/6 Units Operational due to Unit 4 Explosion[29][30]
Dry cooled[33][38] (Planned:4,764MW)
Pretoria West Power Station GP 25°45′28″S 28°08′49″E / 25.75775°S 28.14692°E / -25.75775; 28.14692 (Pretoria West Power Station) 180 1952 2016 City of Tshwane Nameplate capacity: 190 MW[39][40]
Rooiwal Power Station GP 25°33′21″S 28°14′18″E / 25.55580°S 28.23834°E / -25.55580; 28.23834 (Rooiwal Power Station) 300 1963 2025 City of Tshwane Nameplate capacity: 600 MW[39][40]
Tutuka Power Station MP 26°46′43″S 29°21′07″E / 26.77860°S 29.35208°E / -26.77860; 29.35208 (Tutuka Power Station) 3,654 1985–1990 2035–2040 Eskom [16][41]
Total: 45,618
(2,394)

Open Cycle Gas Turbine (OCGT)[edit]

Power plant Province Coordinates Installed capacity
(MW)
Date
commissioned
Operator Notes
Acacia Power Station WC 33°53′00″S 18°32′08″E / 33.88328°S 18.53546°E / -33.88328; 18.53546 (Acacia Power Station) 171 1976 Eskom [42]
Ankerlig Power Station WC 33°35′32″S 18°27′37″E / 33.5921°S 18.4602°E / -33.5921; 18.4602 (Ankerlig Power Station) 1,338 2007 Eskom [43]
Gourikwa Power Station WC 34°10′00″S 21°57′38″E / 34.1666°S 21.9606°E / -34.1666; 21.9606 (Gourikwa Power Station) 746 2007 Eskom [43]
Newcastle Cogeneration Plant KZN 27°47′08″S 29°58′11″E / 27.7854446°S 29.9695866°E / -27.7854446; 29.9695866 (Newcastle Cogeneration Plant) 18 2007 IPSA Group [44]
Port Rex Power Station EC 33°01′43″S 27°52′52″E / 33.02860°S 27.88106°E / -33.02860; 27.88106 (Port Rex Power Station) 171 1976 Eskom [42]
Avon Peaking Power KZN 29°25′10″S 31°09′41″E / 29.419567°S 31.161514°E / -29.419567; 31.161514 (Avon Peaking Power) 670 2016 Engie Energy [45][46][47]
Dedisa Peaking Power EC 33°44′33″S 25°40′22″E / 33.742364°S 25.672715°E / -33.742364; 25.672715 (Dedisa Peaking Power) 335 2015 Engie Energy R3.5 billion (2015)[45][46][48][49]
Total: 3,449

Low Carbon Power and Renewable Energy[edit]

Department of Energy Data Portal - http://redis.energy.gov.za/power-producers/

Pumped Storage[edit]

For a more complete list of hydro power stations from large to pico size, see the African hydropower database.

Streenbras pumped storage scheme dams
Power plant Province Coordinates Installed capacity
(MW)
Date commissioned
(planned)
Operator Notes
Ingula Pumped Storage KZN 25°07′51″S 29°49′24″E / 25.1308986°S 29.8232463°E / -25.1308986; 29.8232463 (Tubatse Pumped Storage Scheme) 1,332 2017 Eskom [29][50][51]
Drakensberg Pumped Storage FS 28°16′50″S 29°35′12″E / 28.2805°S 29.5868°E / -28.2805; 29.5868 (Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme) 1,000 1981 Eskom [52]
Palmiet Pumped Storage WC 400 1988 Eskom
Steenbras Pumped Storage WC 34°9′9.07″S 18°53′56.64″E / 34.1525194°S 18.8990667°E / -34.1525194; 18.8990667 (Steenbras Power Station) 180 1979 City of Cape Town
Total: 2,912

Hydroelectricity[edit]

For a more complete list of hydro power stations from large to pico size, see the African hydropower database.

Power plant Province Coordinates Installed capacity
(MW)
Date commissioned
(planned)
Operator Notes
Cahora Bassa Dam Tete, Mozambique 15°35′09″S 32°42′17″E / 15.5857°S 32.70477°E / -15.5857; 32.70477 (Cahora Bassa Dam) 1,500 1974 Government of Mozambique Imported through SAPP
Gariep FS/EC 30°37′25″S 25°30′23″E / 30.62361°S 25.50639°E / -30.62361; 25.50639 (Gariep Dam) 360 1971 Eskom
Van der Kloof NC 29°59′32″S 24°43′54″E / 29.99222°S 24.73167°E / -29.99222; 24.73167 (Van Der Kloof) 240 1977 Eskom
Collywobbles / Mbashe EC 32°00′41″S 28°34′44″E / 32.01128°S 28.57893°E / -32.01128; 28.57893 (Mbashe) 42 Eskom
Neusberg NC 32°00′02″S 28°34′59″E / 32.0004882°S 28.5830082°E / -32.0004882; 28.5830082 (Collywobbles-Mbashe Hydro) 10 Kakamas Hydro Electric Power
Second Falls EC 31°41′10″S 28°53′00″E / 31.686164°S 28.883307°E / -31.686164; 28.883307 (Second Falls) 11 Eskom
First Falls EC 31°35′58″S 28°49′07″E / 31.59958°S 28.81858°E / -31.59958; 28.81858 (First Falls) 6 Eskom
Deelkraal I GP 5.04 Private
Western Deep Level 45 GP 4.79 Private
Saaiplaas MP 4.59 Private
Kloof 1 GP 4.52 Private
East Driefontein GP 4.48 Private
Stortemelk FS 4.47 Private
Vaal Reef 3 NW/FS 4.33 Private
President Steyn GP 4.15 Private
Kruisvallei Hydro FS 4 Private
Merino Power Station FS 28°21′49.47″S 28°21′42.21″E / 28.3637417°S 28.3617250°E / -28.3637417; 28.3617250 (Merino Power Station) 4 2010 Bethlehem Hydro
Bethlehem hydro Merino plant FS 4 Private
Elandsrand GP 3.83 Private
Western Deep Level 55 GP 3.78 Private
Vaal Reefs 9 NW/FS 3.46 Private
Bethlehem hydro Sol Plaatje plant GP 3 Private
Sol Plaatje Power Station FS 28°12′58.78″S 28°21′49.00″E / 28.2163278°S 28.3636111°E / -28.2163278; 28.3636111 (Sol Plaatje Power Station) 3 2009 Bethlehem Hydro
Western Area 1 GP 2.97 Private
Western Deep Level 70 GP 2.67 Private
Lydenburg WC 2.6 Private
Friedenheim Hydroelectric Power Station MP 25°27′05″S 30°58′54″E / 25.45142°S 30.98157°E / -25.45142; 30.98157 (Friedenheim Hydro Power Station) 2.5 1987 Freidenheim Irrigation Board
Ncora WC 2.4 Private
Elandsrand Level 53 GP 2.39 Private
Geduld 2 WC 2.39 Private
Kloof 4 WC 2.28 Private
Ncora Dam Ncora Power Station EC 31°47′15″S 27°40′1″E / 31.78750°S 27.66694°E / -31.78750; 27.66694 (Ncora Dam) 2.1 Eskom
Lydenburg Hydroelectric Power Station MP 24°59′52″S 30°26′21″E / 24.9978°S 30.43924°E / -24.9978; 30.43924 (Lydenburg Hydro Power Station) 2.1 2014 Thaba Chweu Local Municipality
Elandsrand Level 71 GP 2.01 Private
Friedenheim WC 2 Private
L Ormarins upper WC 2 Private
Geduld 1 GP 1.98 Private
Vaal Reefs 1 NW/FS 1.86 Private
Western Deep GP 1.72 Private
Vaal Reefs 2 NW/FS 1.67 Private
President Brand GP 1.62 Private
Vaal Reef 4 NW/FS 1.62 Private
Kinross WC 1.61 Private
Faure Water Treatment Plant GP 1.48 Private
Elandsrand GP 1.47 Private
Western Area 2 GP 1.34 Private
Winkelhaak WC 1.32 Private
Bakenkop Hydroelectric Power Station MP 27°5′7.8″S 30°56′44.7″E / 27.085500°S 30.945750°E / -27.085500; 30.945750 (Bakenkop Hydro Power Station) 1 1950 Piet Retief
Western Area GP 0.84 Private
Kloof 3 GP 0.8 Private
Blackheath Water Treatment Plant GP 0.7 Private
Lomati WC 0.6 Private
Howick Falls FS 0.5 Private
Riverside Farms FS 0.48 Private
Rustenburg GP 0.41 Private
Stentor II WC 0.35 Private
Steenbras Water Treatment Plant WC 0.34 Private
Harlestone GP 0.33 Private
L Ormarins lower WC 0.33 Private
Van der Lindenskraal WC 0.32 Private
Total: 2,290

Nuclear[edit]

The two reactors at Koeberg are (as of 2017) the only commercial nuclear power plants on the African continent[53] and accounts for around 5% of South Africa's electricity production.[6] Low and intermediate waste is disposed of at Vaalputs Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility in the Northern Cape.

Power plant Province Coordinates Capacity
(MW)
Annual
output (GWh)
Capacity
factor
 %
Date
commissioned
Notes
Koeberg Nuclear Power Station WC 33°40′35.2″S 18°25′55.37″E / 33.676444°S 18.4320472°E / -33.676444; 18.4320472 (Koeberg nuclear power station) 1,860 13,668 84 1984 [53][54]

Wind power[edit]

Eskom constructed one small-scale prototype wind farm at Klipheuwel in the Western Cape and another demonstrator site is near Darling with phase 1 completed.

The South African Department of Energy allocated 634 MW of wind capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme – bid window 1.[55][56][57]

In bid window 2, 562.5 MW capacity was allocated.[58][59] In bid window 3, 787 MW were allocated.[60] In bid window 4, 676 MW was awarded.[61][62] In bid window 4 (additional), 687 MW was added.[63]

Power plant Province Coordinates Capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual output
GWh
(expected)
Capacity factor % (expected) Status Date
commissioned (planned)
Operator Notes
Coega Wind Farm EC 33°45′16″S 25°40′30″E / 33.75444°S 25.67500°E / -33.75444; 25.67500 (Coega Wind Farm) 1.8 Operational 2010 Electrawinds [64][65]
Darling Wind Farm WC 33°19′55″S 18°14′38″E / 33.33195°S 18.24378°E / -33.33195; 18.24378 (Darling Wind Farm) 5.2 8.6 (13.2) 19 (28) Operational 2008 Darling Wind Power Darling Wind Power company subject to liquidation[66][67][68][69]
Klipheuwel Wind Farm WC 33°41′43″S 18°43′30″E / 33.69539°S 18.72512°E / -33.69539; 18.72512 (Klipheuwel Wind Farm) 3.16 4 15 (20–26) Decommissioned
(prototype)
2002 Eskom [70][71][72]
Sere Wind Farm WC 31°29′49″S 18°3′48″E / 31.49694°S 18.06333°E / -31.49694; 18.06333 (Sere Wind Farm) 100 (233) (27) Operational Jan 2015
(October 2013)
Eskom [73][74][75][76]
Klipheuwel Wind Farm WC 34°13′56.11″S 19°22′48.26″E / 34.2322528°S 19.3800722°E / -34.2322528; 19.3800722 (Dassiesklip Wind Energy Facility) 27 (88.2) (37.3) Operational May 2014
(May 2013)
BioTherm Energy [77]Previously named: Klipheuwel‐Dassiesfontein Wind Energy Facility
Van Stadens Wind Farm EC 33°57′41.42″S 25°14′47.46″E / 33.9615056°S 25.2465167°E / -33.9615056; 25.2465167 (Van Stadens Wind Farm) 27 (80) (34) Operational Feb 2014
(Feb 2014)
MetroWind [78][79]
Hopefield Wind Farm WC 33°5′54.80″S 18°22′52.14″E / 33.0985556°S 18.3811500°E / -33.0985556; 18.3811500 (Hopefield Wind Farm) 65.4 (190) (30+) Operational Feb 2014
(Feb 2014)
Umoya Energy [80][81][82][83]
Noblesfontein Wind Farm NC 31°43′49.70″S 23°11′27.54″E / 31.7304722°S 23.1909833°E / -31.7304722; 23.1909833 (Noblesfontein Wind Farm) 73.8 (219) (34) Operational July 2014
(July 2014)
Gestamp Wind [84][85]
Kouga Wind Farm EC 34°08′49″S 24°42′40″E / 34.1470°S 24.7110°E / -34.1470; 24.7110 (Red Cap Kouga Wind Farm - Oyster Bay) 77.6 (290.5) (41.5) Operational March 2015 (2014) Red Cap Investments [86][87][88]
Dorper Wind Farm EC 31°28′40.23″S 26°26′58.40″E / 31.4778417°S 26.4495556°E / -31.4778417; 26.4495556 (Dorper Wind Farm) 97.5 (267) (30) Operational Aug 2014
(2014)
Sumitomo Group and Dorper Wind Development (A Rainmaker Energy Company) Cost: R2 Billion[89][90][91]
Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm EC 33°59′29.81″S 24°50′34.16″E / 33.9916139°S 24.8428222°E / -33.9916139; 24.8428222 (Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm) 135 (362) (37) Operational May 2014
(Dec 2013)
Globeleq [92][93][94]
Cookhouse Wind Farm EC 32°44′31.94″S 25°54′33.94″E / 32.7422056°S 25.9094278°E / -32.7422056; 25.9094278 (Cookhouse Wind Farm) 135 (372) (31) Operational Nov 2014
(Nov 2013)
African Clean Energy Developments [95][96]
Waainek Wind Farm EC 33°19′21.26″S 26°27′41.71″E / 33.3225722°S 26.4615861°E / -33.3225722; 26.4615861 (Waainek Wind Farm) 23 (94) (45) Operational Aug 2015
(2014)
InnoWind [97][98][99][100][101]
Grassridge Wind Farm EC 33°38′51.93″S 25°34′31.28″E / 33.6477583°S 25.5753556°E / -33.6477583; 25.5753556 (Grassridge Wind Farm) 60 (223) (43) Operational (Q4 2014) InnoWind [98][100][102][103]
Gouda Wind Facility WC 33°15′49.2″S 19°1′30.06″E / 33.263667°S 19.0250167°E / -33.263667; 19.0250167 (Gouda Wind Facility) 138 (423) (35) Operational Sept 2015
(July 2014)
Acciona Energy South Africa [104][105]
Amakhala Emoyeni (Phase 1) EC 32°50′27.29″S 26°0′37.11″E / 32.8409139°S 26.0103083°E / -32.8409139; 26.0103083 (Amakhala Emoyeni (Phase 1)) 134 (374) (30.5) Operational Aug 2016 Windlab $336 million[106][107][108][109][110]
Tsitsikamma Community Wind Farm EC 34°4′31.62″S 24°30′16.57″E / 34.0754500°S 24.5046028°E / -34.0754500; 24.5046028 (Tsitsikamma Community Wind Farm) 94.8 (355) (43) Operational Aug 2016
(Q1 2016)
Cennergi [110][111][112]
West Coast 1 Wind Farm WC 32°50′19″S 18°00′26″E / 32.8385°S 18.0071°E / -32.8385; 18.0071 (West Coast 1 Wind Farm) 90.8 293 37 Operational 2014 Micawber 862 Cost: €160 million[113][114][115][116]
Chaba Wind Farm EC 32°35′13.34″S 27°57′32.85″E / 32.5870389°S 27.9591250°E / -32.5870389; 27.9591250 (Chaba Wind Farm) 20.6 77 43 Operational Sept 2015
(Q4 2014)
InnoWind 7 Turbines[100][117][118]
Gibson Bay Wind Farm EC 34°8′59.62″S 24°30′45.90″E / 34.1498944°S 24.5127500°E / -34.1498944; 24.5127500 (Red Cap - Gibson Bay) 111 420 43 Operational May 2017
(Q1 2017)
Enel Green Power 37 Turbines[119][120][121][122][123]
Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 North Wind Energy Facility NC 30°32′28.16″S 24°15′36.16″E / 30.5411556°S 24.2600444°E / -30.5411556; 24.2600444 (Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 North Wind Energy Facility) 139 470 39 Operational Nov 2017 Longyuan Power 67 Turbines $290 million[124][125][126][127]
Nojoli Wind Farm EC 32°45′35.62″S 25°55′7.76″E / 32.7598944°S 25.9188222°E / -32.7598944; 25.9188222 (Nojoli Wind Farm) 88 275 36 Operational Oct 2016 Enel Green Power [128][129]
Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanhaarberg Wind Energy Facility NC 30°44′28.21″S 23°52′2.00″E / 30.7411694°S 23.8672222°E / -30.7411694; 23.8672222 (Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanhaarberg Wind Energy Facility) 96 (300) (35) Operational 2017 Longyuan Power [130][131][132][133]
Khobab Wind Farm NC 30°27′51.25″S 19°31′23.85″E / 30.4642361°S 19.5232917°E / -30.4642361; 19.5232917 (Khobab Wind Farm) 140 563 46 Operational 2019 Mainstream Renewable Power Cost: R3.5 billion (2015)[134][135][136][137][138]
Noupoort Mainstream Wind NC 31°10′41.67″S 25°1′49.51″E / 31.1782417°S 25.0304194°E / -31.1782417; 25.0304194 (Noupoort Mainstream Wind) 80 (305) (43) Operational 11 July 2016 Mainstream Renewable Power [135][139][140]
Loeriesfontein 2 Wind Farm NC 30°24′38.42″S 19°35′43.10″E / 30.4106722°S 19.5953056°E / -30.4106722; 19.5953056 (Loeriesfontein 2 Wind Farm) 140 563 46 Operational Dec 2017 Mainstream Renewable Power Cost: R3.5 billion (2015)[135][137][141][142]
Roggeveld Wind Farm NC/WC 32°55′2.04″S 20°30′32.72″E / 32.9172333°S 20.5090889°E / -32.9172333; 20.5090889 (Roggeveld Wind Farm) 147 613 47 Operational March 2022 Building Energy 47 Turbines [143][144]
Karusa Wind Power Station NC 32°53′59″S 20°37′43″E / 32.899648°S 20.628567°E / -32.899648; 20.628567 (Karusa Wind Farm) 147 500 Operational June 2022 Enel Green Power [145][146]
The Nxuba Wind Farm EC 32°44′41.27″S 25°56′28.98″E / 32.7447972°S 25.9413833°E / -32.7447972; 25.9413833 (Nxuba Wind Farm) 140 460 Operational Oct 2020 Enel Green Power [147]
Golden Valley Wind Energy Facility EC 32°50′11″S 25°54′04″E / 32.836375°S 25.901192°E / -32.836375; 25.901192 (Golden Valley Wind) 120 477 39 Operational May 2021 BioTherm Energy [148]
Oyster Bay Wind Farm EC 34°07′27″S 24°38′08″E / 34.124142°S 24.635615°E / -34.124142; 24.635615 (Oyster Bay Wind Farm) 140 568 Operational July 2022 Enel Green Power 41 Turbines [149]
The Soetwater Wind Farm NC 32°44′52.06″S 20°38′42.99″E / 32.7477944°S 20.6452750°E / -32.7477944; 20.6452750 (Soetwater Wind Farm) 139 Contracting (Q2 2019) Enel Green Power 35 Turbines [150]
Kangnas NC 29°32′41″S 18°14′18″E / 29.544714°S 18.238426°E / -29.544714; 18.238426 (Kangnas Wind Farm) 140 513 Operational November 2020 Mainstream Renewable Power [135][151]
Perdekraal East WC 33°03′16″S 20°06′01″E / 33.0544°S 20.1002°E / -33.0544; 20.1002 (Perdekraal East Wind Farm) 110 380 (39) Operational Oct 2020 Mainstream Renewable Power [135][152]
Excelsior Wind Energy Facility WC 34°14′20″S 20°14′05″E / 34.238844°S 20.234838°E / -34.238844; 20.234838 (Excelsior Wind Energy Facility) (32) (116) (40) Contracting BioTherm Energy [153]
Wesley-Ciskei EC 33°18′17″S 27°21′36″E / 33.304808°S 27.360127°E / -33.304808; 27.360127 (Wesley-Ciskei Wind Project) (33) Contracting (Q4 2017) InnoWind [154]
Copperton Wind Farm NC 29°54′30″S 22°20′45″E / 29.908267°S 22.345848°E / -29.908267; 22.345848 (Copperton Wind Farm) (102) (360) Under construction (2021) Gestamp Wind 34 Turbines[155][156][157]
Garob Wind Power Station NC 29°55′44″S 22°24′06″E / 29.928871°S 22.401696°E / -29.928871; 22.401696 (Garob Wind Farm) 136 Operational Dec 2021
(Oct 2018)
Enel Green Power [158][159]
Total: 3,322
(167)

Concentrated solar power[edit]

Bird's eye view of Khi Solar One (Picture October 2016)

Concentrated solar power uses molten salt energy storage in a tower or trough configurations.

The South African Department of Energy allocated 150 MW of concentrated solar power (CSP) capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme – bid window 1.[55][56][57] In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: window 2, a capacity of 50 MW was allocated[58][59] In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: window 3, a capacity of 200 MW was allocated.[160] In an additional bid allocation, bid window 3.5, a further 200 MW was allocated.

Power plant Province Coordinates Installed
capacity (MW)
(planned)
Annual
output (GWh)
(expected)
Capacity factor %
(expected)
Energy
storage (hours)
Date commissioned
(expected)
Operator Notes
Khi Solar One NC 28°32′08″S 21°04′41″E / 28.535584°S 21.078022°E / -28.535584; 21.078022 (Khi Solar One) 50 (190) (43) 2 Feb 2016 Abengoa Area: 6 km2[161][162][163][164]
KaXu Solar One NC 28°52′46″S 19°35′34″E / 28.879503°S 19.592789°E / -28.879503; 19.592789 (KaXu Solar One) 100 (320) (36) 2.5 March 2015 Abengoa Total investment: US$891M[165][166][167][168]
Bokpoort CSP NC 28°43′26.96″S 21°59′34.88″E / 28.7241556°S 21.9930222°E / -28.7241556; 21.9930222 (Bokpoort CSP Project) 50 (200) (45) 9.3 Dec 2015 ACWA Power $328M[169][170][171][172]
Xina CSP South Africa NC 28°53′40.56″S 19°35′53.52″E / 28.8946000°S 19.5982000°E / -28.8946000; 19.5982000 (Xina CSP Project) 100 380 44 5 Aug 2017 Abengoa $880M total investment[173][174]
Kathu Solar Park NC 27°36′42″S 23°01′40″E / 27.6116333°S 23.0277192°E / -27.6116333; 23.0277192 (Kathu Solar Park) 100 383 4.5 Feb 2018 Engie Parabolic Trough
R12bn (2016)[175][176][177][178]
Ilanga 1 NC 28°29′25.79″S 21°32′27.13″E / 28.4904972°S 21.5408694°E / -28.4904972; 21.5408694 (Ilanga 1 CSP Project) (100) 4.5 (late 2018) Karoshoek Consortium Under construction[179][180]
Redstone Solar Thermal Power NC 28°17′53″S 23°21′56″E / 28.29806°S 23.36556°E / -28.29806; 23.36556 (Redstone Solar Thermal Power) (100) (480) (54) 12 (2023) ACWA Power Tower configuration, dry cooling.
Area: 6.07 km2.
R8bn capital cost, R150M yearly running costs (2015)[181][182][183][184]
Rooipunt CSP NC 28°28′58″S 21°01′20″E / 28.48278°S 21.02222°E / -28.48278; 21.02222 (Rooipunt Concentrating Solar Power) (150) (730) 12 (2021)
Total: 400
(350)

Solar PV power[edit]

The South African Department of Energy allocated 631.53 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme – bid window 1.[55][56][57] In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme bid window 2, a capacity of 417.1 MW was allocated.[58][59][185] In bid window 3, 435 MW was awarded.[60] In bid window 4, 415 MW was awarded.[61] In bid window 4(+), 398 MW was added.[186]

Power plant Province Coordinates Installed capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual output
GWh (expected)
Capacity factor  % (expected) Status Date
commissioned (expected)
Operator Notes
Kalkbult NC 30°9′34.09″S 24°7′50.02″E / 30.1594694°S 24.1305611°E / -30.1594694; 24.1305611 (Kalkbult Solar Energy Facility) 75 146.5 (21) Operational Sep 2013 Scatec Solar [187][188][189][190][191][192]
SlimSun Swartland Solar Park WC 33°21′00″S 18°31′46″E / 33.34996°S 18.52947°E / -33.34996; 18.52947 (SlimSun Swartland Solar Park) 5 (8.7) (20) Operational (2013) Slimsun [193][194]
RustMo1 Solar Farm NW 25°44′13.8″S 27°25′10.49″E / 25.737167°S 27.4195806°E / -25.737167; 27.4195806 (RustMo1 Solar Farm) 6.93 Operational Nov 2013
(2014)
RustMo1 [195]
Konkoonsies Solar NC 28°53′13.56″S 19°33′13.57″E / 28.8871000°S 19.5537694°E / -28.8871000; 19.5537694 (Konkoonsies Solar) 9.65 (18.6) (22) Operational Mar 2014 Globeleq [196][197]
Aries Solar PV Energy Facility NC 29°29′40.094″S 20°46′58.741″E / 29.49447056°S 20.78298361°E / -29.49447056; 20.78298361 (Aries Solar PV Energy Facility) 9.65 (18.6) (22) Operational Mar 2014
(Jul 2013)
Globeleq[197] [198]
Greefspan PV Power Plant NC 29°23′9.24″S 23°18′53.75″E / 29.3859000°S 23.3149306°E / -29.3859000; 23.3149306 (Greefspan PV Power Plant) 10 Operational April 2014 AE-AMD Independent Power Producer 1 [199]
Greefspan II Solar Power Station NC 29°23′08″S 23°18′54″E / 29.38556°S 23.31500°E / -29.38556; 23.31500 (Greefspan II Solar Power Station) 63.2 Operational September 2021 Greefspan II Solar Consortium [200]
Herbert PV Power Plant NC 29°0′9.45″S 23°48′7.55″E / 29.0026250°S 23.8020972°E / -29.0026250; 23.8020972 (Herbert PV Power Plant) 19.9 Operational April 2014 AE-AMD Independent Power Producer 1 [201]
Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV Prieska NC 29°57′56.4″S 22°18′53.2″E / 29.965667°S 22.314778°E / -29.965667; 22.314778 (Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV Prieska) 19.93 Operational 1 October 2014 Gestamp Solar [202]
Soutpan Solar Park LP 22°59.5′S 29°15.1′E / 22.9917°S 29.2517°E / -22.9917; 29.2517 (Soutpan Solar Park) 28 (50) (20) Operational July 2014 Globeleq R1.4bn (2012)[203][197]
Witkop Solar Park LP 24°2.5′S 29°21.7′E / 24.0417°S 29.3617°E / -24.0417; 29.3617 (Witkop Solar Park) 29.7 (60) (23) Operational Sep 2014
(Aug 2013)
Core Energy (SunEdison) [204]
Touwsrivier CPV Solar Project WC 33°24′51.67″S 19°55′0.86″E / 33.4143528°S 19.9169056°E / -33.4143528; 19.9169056 (Touwsrivier CPV Solar Project) 36 75 24 Operational Dec 2014 Soitec CPV-type[205][206][207][208]
De Aar Solar Power NC 30°37′30″S 24°1′46″E / 30.62500°S 24.02944°E / -30.62500; 24.02944 (De Aar Solar Power) 48.3 (89.4) (20.4) Operational Apr 2014 Globeleq [209][210]
Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV De Aar NC 30°37′43″S 24°00′24″E / 30.628607°S 24.006758°E / -30.628607; 24.006758 (Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV De Aar) 9.7 Operational Aug 2014 Gestamp Solar [211][212][213]
Solar Capital De Aar NC 30°34′45.28″S 24°3′57.86″E / 30.5792444°S 24.0660722°E / -30.5792444; 24.0660722 (Solar Capital De Aar Solar Energy Facility) 75 (166.4) (25) Operational Aug 2014 Solar Capital [214][215][216]
Solar Capital De Aar 3 NC 30°34′45.28″S 24°3′57.86″E / 30.5792444°S 24.0660722°E / -30.5792444; 24.0660722 (Solar Capital De Aar 3 Solar Energy Facility) 75 (150) (22) Operational (Feb 2015) Solar Capital [217][218][219]
SA Mainstream Renewable Power Droogfontein NC 28°36′57.58″S 24°45′18.37″E / 28.6159944°S 24.7551028°E / -28.6159944; 24.7551028 (SA Mainstream Renewable Power Droogfontein) 45.4 (89.4) (20.4) Operational Apr 2014
(Oct 2013)
Mainstream Renewable Power South Africa [220][221]
Letsatsi Solar Park FS 28°54′31.57″S 25°55′31.57″E / 28.9087694°S 25.9254361°E / -28.9087694; 25.9254361 (Letsatsi PV Project) 64 (150) (26) Operational May 2014 SolarReserve Investment: about $293M
Add cost R2bn over 20 years
75 MWDC→64 MWAC[191][222][201][223][224]
Lesedi Solar Park NC 28°19′04″S 23°21′26″E / 28.317669°S 23.357263°E / -28.317669; 23.357263 (Lesedi PV Project) 64 (150) (26) Operational May 2014 SolarReserve Investment: about $293M
Add cost R2bn over 20 years
75 MWDC→64 MWAC[191][223][225][226][227]
Kathu Solar Energy Facility 1 NC 27°36′05″S 22°55′21″E / 27.601500°S 22.922500°E / -27.601500; 22.922500 (Kathu Solar Energy Facility) 75 (179) (27) Operational Aug 2014 Building Energy incorporating tracking system technology[182][191][228][229][230][231]
Sishen Solar Facility NC 27°35′12″S 22°56′09″E / 27.58660°S 22.93590°E / -27.58660; 22.93590 (Sishen Solar Energy Facility) 74 (216) (24) Operational Dec 2014 Building Energy Using horizontal trackers. Corresponds to 74 MWAC.[191][232][233][234]
Aurora Solar Project WC 32°38′28.84″S 18°29′50.24″E / 32.6413444°S 18.4972889°E / -32.6413444; 18.4972889 (Aurora Solar Project) (9.00) (18.7) (20) (2014) Aurora-Rietvlei Solar Power [235]
Vredendal Solar Power Park WC 31°38′7.36″S 18°30′18.34″E / 31.6353778°S 18.5050944°E / -31.6353778; 18.5050944 (Vredendal Solar Power Park) 8.80 (19.0) (20) Operational Jul 2014 Solairedirect [236]
Linde Solar Project NC 31°00′10″S 24°39′32″E / 31.002765°S 24.658780°E / -31.002765; 24.658780 (Linde Solar Project) 36.8 (87) (25) Operational June 2014 Scatec Solar [189][237][238]
Dreunberg Solar Project EC 30°49′39.5″S 26°12′38″E / 30.827639°S 26.21056°E / -30.827639; 26.21056 (Dreunberg Solar Project) 32.3 (69.60) (147.2) (24) Operational Dec 2014 Scatec Solar [189][239]
Jasper Solar Energy Project NC 28°17′53″S 23°21′56″E / 28.29806°S 23.36556°E / -28.29806; 23.36556 (Jasper Solar Energy Project) 75 175.8 (21.4) Operational Nov 2014 SolarReserve Project cost: $260M
96 MWDC→75 MWAC net generation[191][240][241][242][243][244][245][246]
Boshoff Solar Park FS 28°27.9′S 25°11.6′E / 28.4650°S 25.1933°E / -28.4650; 25.1933 (Boshoff Solar Park) 57 (66) (142) (24) Operational Oct 2014 Globeleq[197] Cost: $247M/R2.4bn (2013)[247][248][249]
Upington Solar PV NC 8.90 Operational Jul 2014
Adams Solar PV 2 NC 27°22′10.14″S 23°0′45.18″E / 27.3694833°S 23.0125500°E / -27.3694833; 23.0125500 (Adams Solar PV 2 Project) (75) (167) (25) Operational (Aug 2016) Enel Green Power [250][251]
Tom Burke Solar Park LP 23°4′24.67″S 27°59′21.48″E / 23.0735194°S 27.9893000°E / -23.0735194; 27.9893000 (Tom Burke Solar Park) (60) (119) (23) Operational (Mar 2016) Enel Green Power Area: 148 hectares[252]
Mulilo Sonnedix Prieska PV NC 30°1′27.86″S 22°21′44.02″E / 30.0244056°S 22.3622278°E / -30.0244056; 22.3622278 (Mulilo Sonnedix Prieska PV) 75 Operational July 2016
(Dec 2015)
Mulilo Renewable Energy 86 MWDC→ 75 MWAC
Cost: R1.3bn[253][254][255]
Paleisheuwel Solar Park WC 32°25′23″S 18°44′08″E / 32.42306°S 18.73556°E / -32.42306; 18.73556 (Paleisheuwel Solar Park) 75 (143) Operational 27 April 2016 Enel Green Power 82.5 MWDC→75 MWAC net generation[256][257]
Pulida Solar Park FS 29°02′40″S 24°55′30″E / 29.04444°S 24.92500°E / -29.04444; 24.92500 (Pulida Solar Park) (75) (153) Operational (Aug 2016) Enel Green Power Area: 220 hectares (2.2 km2)[258]
Mulilo Prieska PV NC 30°2′2.96″S 22°19′10.93″E / 30.0341556°S 22.3197028°E / -30.0341556; 22.3197028 (Mulilo Prieska PV) 75 Operational (Nov 2015) Mulilo Renewable Energy Area: 205 hectares (2.05 km2)[259]
Kathu Solar Energy Facility 2 NC 27°36′05″S 22°55′21″E / 27.601500°S 22.922500°E / -27.601500; 22.922500 (Kathu Solar Energy Facility) (28) (61.6)   Under development (201?) Building Energy [182][230]
Sirius 1 Solar Power Station NC 28°32′45″S 21°06′16″E / 28.54583°S 21.10444°E / -28.54583; 21.10444 (Sirius 1 Solar Power Station) 86 212 Operational 2020 Scatec Solar [260][261]
Droogfontein 2 Solar NC 28°34′16″S 24°41′52″E / 28.571161°S 24.697916°E / -28.571161; 24.697916 (Droogfontein 2 Solar) 75 Operational September 2020 ACED Solar PV with single-axis tracker[262][263]
Owned by Old Mutual IDEAS Managed Fund, African Rainbow Energy and Power, Reatile Group, Phakwe Solar[264]
Bolobedu Solar Power Station LP 23°36′58″S 30°20′32″E / 23.61611°S 30.34222°E / -23.61611; 30.34222 (Bolobedu Solar Power Station) 148 300 Under development (2023) Voltalia Consortium [265]
Dyason's Klip 1 NC 28°34′20″S 21°04′36″E / 28.572289°S 21.076540°E / -28.572289; 21.076540 (Dyason's Klip 1 Solar Power Station) 86 212 Operational 2020 Scatec Solar [266]
Dyason's Klip 2 NC 28°33′58″S 21°03′46″E / 28.566129°S 21.062870°E / -28.566129; 21.062870 (Dyason’s Klip 2) (75) Contracting Scatec Solar [267]
Konkoonsies II Solar Facility NC 28°53′30″S 19°33′44″E / 28.891775°S 19.562217°E / -28.891775; 19.562217 (Konkoonsies II Solar Facility) (75) (208) (27.8) Operational[268] September 2020
(Feb 2017)
BioTherm Energy Solar PV with single-axis tracker[269]
Aggeneys Solar Project NC 29°14′09″S 18°53′52″E / 29.235794°S 18.897656°E / -29.235794; 18.897656 (Aggeneys Solar Project) (40) (111) (28.4) Operational[268] July 2020
(Aug 2016)
BioTherm Energy Solar PV with single-axis tracker[270]
Solar Capital Orange NC 30°30′31″S 19°36′23″E / 30.508580°S 19.606456°E / -30.508580; 19.606456 (Solar Capital Orange PV) (75) Contracting (March 2018) Solar Capital Solar PV with single-axis tracker[271]
De Wildt Solar Power Station NW 25°38′28″S 27°56′14″E / 25.640994°S 27.937183°E / -25.640994; 27.937183 (De Wildt Solar Power Station) 50 Operational[272] January 2021 De Wildt Solar Limited Solar PV with single-axis tracker[273][274]
Bokamoso Solar NW 27°09′24″S 26°24′01″E / 27.156677°S 26.400278°E / -27.156677; 26.400278 (Bokamoso Solar) (68) (130) Under development (Nov 2017) ACED Solar PV with single-axis tracker[273][275]
Under construction, scheduled commercial operation date June 2020[276]
Zeerust Solar Power Station NW 25°34′43″S 26°04′51″E / 25.578623°S 26.080963°E / -25.578623; 26.080963 (Zeerust Sola Power Station) 75 180 Operational January 2021 Zeerust Solar Company Solar PV with single-axis tracker[273][277][278]
Sedibeng Solar Power Station GP 26°25′48″S 28°03′48″E / 26.43000°S 28.06333°E / -26.43000; 28.06333 (Sedibeng Solar Power Station) 6.5 Operational May 2022 Sola Group Solar PV with single-axis tracker[279]
Waterloo Solar Park NW 27°01′15″S 24°46′32″E / 27.020736°S 24.775541°E / -27.020736; 24.775541 (Waterloo Solar Park) (75) Under development ACED Solar PV with single-axis tracker[280]
Under construction, scheduled commercial operation date September 2020[281]
Adams Solar PV Project NC -27.38803 23.00172 5 Operational
Aurora-Rietvlei Solar Power WC -32.64134 18.49729 9 Operational Aurora Rietvlei Solar Power
Bellatrix Solar PV Project NC -31.53302 23.18094 5 Operational
Capella Solar PV Project NW -26.26704 24.56716 5 Operational
Castor Solar PV Project FS -28.56623 25.29376 5 Operational
Danielskuil Solar Facility NC -28.2105 23.5556 5 Operational
Disselfontein Solar Facility NC -29.4731 23.9098 5 Operational
Du Plessis Solar PV4 NC -30.64328 24.01085 5 Operational
Electra Capital WC -32.42097 18.73458 75 Operational Electra Capital
Greefspan PV Power Plant No. 2 NC -29.38486 23.31147 55 Operational Greefspan PV No. 2
Heuningspruit PV1 FS -27.45278 27.41222 5 Operational
Kakamas Solar Facility NC -28.78056 20.60556 5 Operational
Keimoes Solar Facility NC -28.69028 20.98 5 Operational
Mount Roper Solar Facility NC -27.34611 23.19167 5 Operational
Mulilo Solar PV De Aar NC -30.6279 24.00545 10 Operational Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV De Aar
Mulilo Solar PV Prieska NC -29.96766 22.31968 19.12 Operational Mulilo Prieska PV
Skuitdrift 1 NC -28.61421 19.78111 5 Operational
Skuitdrift 2 NC -28.60533 19.77175 5 Operational
South African Mainstream Renewable Power De Aar NC -30.619 24.03389 45.6 Operational De Aar Solar Power
South African Mainstream Renewable Power NC -28.612 24.758 45.6 Operational Droogfontein Solar Power
Steynsrus PV1 FS -27.90472 27.53167 5 Operational
Steynsrus PV2 FS -27.90556 27.54139 5 Operational
Upington Airport NC -28.4 21.268 8.9 Operational Sublunary Trading
Total: 1,717
(1,045)

Landfill gas power[edit]

Power plant Province Coordinates Installed
capacity (MW)
(planned)
Annual
output (GWh)
(expected)
Date commissioned
(expected)
Operator Notes
Joburg Landfill Gas to Electricity - Marie Louise Gauteng -26.19172 27.88122 4.76 2014-2016 ENER-G Systems Joburg (Pty) Ltd
Joburg Landfill Gas to Electricity - Goudkoppies GP -26.28223 27.92717 4.04 2014-2016
Joburg Landfill Gas to Electricity - Linbro Park GP -26.09375 28.12133 3.17 2014-2016
Joburg Landfill Gas to Electricity - Ennerdale GP -26.36947 27.83272 1.03 2014-2016
Joburg Landfill Gas to Electricity - Robinson Deep GP -26.23335 28.04073 5 2014-2016
Mariannhill Landfill Gas to Electricity KZN 29°50.707′S 30°50.180′E / 29.845117°S 30.836333°E / -29.845117; 30.836333 1 2006 eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality [282][283][284]
Bisasar Road Landfill Gas to Electricity KZN 6.5 2009 [282][283]
Total: 25.5

Biomass power[edit]

Power plant Province Installed capacity
MW (planned)
Annual output
GWh (expected)
Date commissioned
(expected)
Operator Latitude Longitude Notes
PetroSA Biogas Project 4,2 (32) 2007 PetroSA 34°10′26″S 21°59′05″E / 34.173811°S 21.984621°E / -34.173811; 21.984621 (PetroSA Biogas Project)
Ngodwana Energy Project 25 (198) Q3 2018 Sappi 25°34′41″S 30°39′32″E / 25.578097°S 30.658842°E / -25.578097; 30.658842 (Ngodwana Energy Project)
Mkuze (17.5) (130) 2023-2024
Umfolozi Sugar Mill KZN 4.5 Umfolozi Sugar Mill Pty (Ltd) -28.442732 32.184034
Tongaat Felixton KZN 9 Tongaat Hulett Sugar SA Ltd -28.834445 31.890996
Komati Mill MP 8 TSB Sugar International -25.5544 31.866333
Busby Renewables Biomass Project MP 5 -26.81201 30.44063
George Biomass to Energy Project WC 5 -33.99493 22.45337
Tongaat Amatikulu KZN 5 Tongaat Hulett Sugar SA Ltd -29.045193 31.525656
Malelane Mill MP 4 TSB Sugar International -25.275112 31.333889
Illovo Eston KZN 2 Illovo Sugar (South Africa) Ltd -26.224674 28.187927
Total: 71.7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Fact Book". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Table 9a – Electricity produced and consumed in power stations, purchased and sold outside South Africa and available for distribution in South Africa (monthly figures)". Stats SA. March 2009. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  3. ^ "Cape Argus".
  4. ^ "Energy Security Master Plan – Electricity 2007–2025" (PDF). dme.gov.za. p. 15. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  5. ^ "Apollo substation at full capacity". www.eskom.co.za. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Nuclear Power in South Africa". World Nuclear Association. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  7. ^ "Eskom uses tight power supply to defend tariff hike". Mail & Guardian. 28 June 2009. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  8. ^ "Renewables 2014 global status report" (PDF). REN21. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  9. ^ "Coal". dme.gov.za. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  10. ^ "HOW ENERGY GENERATION CAUSES ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE IN SOUTH AFRICA". Department of Environmental Affairs. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  11. ^ Ferreira, Anton (5 December 2009). "SA's hidden carbon headache". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  12. ^ "South Africa's energy industry". Government of South Africa. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  13. ^ "South Africa". US Energy Information Administration. Archived from the original on 9 January 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  14. ^ "INTEGRATED RESOURCE PLAN FOR ELECTRICITY (IRP) 2010–2030" (PDF). Departm ent of Energy (DoE). Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Arnot Power Station". Eskom. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Fact sheets with additional information" (PDF). Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  17. ^ "Camden Power Station". Eskom. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
  18. ^ "DUVHA POWER STATION". Eskom. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  19. ^ Rod Hansen, Robbie van Rensburg (June 2006). "COST COMPARISONS BETWEEN ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS AND PULSE JET FABRIC FILTERS AND INHERENT CHALLENGES OF BOTH TECHNOLOGIES AT ESKOM'S 6 X 600 MW UNITS AT DUVHA POWER STATION" (PDF). International Society for Electrostatic Precipitation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  20. ^ "Grootvlei Power Station". Eskom. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  21. ^ "HENDRINA POWER STATION". Eskom. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  22. ^ Swart, Werner (1 September 2009). "Old power station brings new hope". The Sunday Times (South Africa). Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  23. ^ "Kelvin power station recomissioning". EE Publishers. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  24. ^ "World's largest coal-fired power station. (Kendal Power Station in South Africa)". BNET. November 1994. Retrieved 10 January 2010.[dead link]
  25. ^ "KENDAL POWER STATION". Eskom. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  26. ^ "The Role of the State in the Energy Sector". dme.gov.za. Archived from the original on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  27. ^ "KRIEL POWER STATION". Eskom. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  28. ^ "Coal-burning generating plant" (PDF). Eskom. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 August 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  29. ^ a b c "Supply status". Archived from the original on 17 April 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  30. ^ a b "Eskom Supply status – week 47, 2013". Archived from the original on 20 July 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  31. ^ "Work begins on Kusile power station". Government of South Africa. 11 August 2008. Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  32. ^ "CONSTRUCTION OF KUSILE POWER STATION GETS UNDERWAY". Eskom. 5 August 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  33. ^ a b "Consolidated interim results for the six months ended 30 September 2010" (PDF). Eskom. 23 November 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  34. ^ "Lethabo Power Station". Eskom. Archived from the original on 13 July 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  35. ^ "KAJUBA POWER STATION". Eskom. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  36. ^ "MATIMBA POWER STATION". Eskom. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  37. ^ "MATLA POWER STATION". Eskom. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  38. ^ "MEDUPI POWER STATION NEW RAW WATER RESERVOIR AND PIPELINES PROJECT VISUAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT" (PDF). Eskom. Retrieved 7 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
  39. ^ a b "DEVELOPMENT OF THE TSHWANE SUSTAINABLE ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGY" (PDF). City of Tshwane. Retrieved 10 January 2010.[permanent dead link]
  40. ^ a b "City of Tshwane Investment Promotion and Development Strategy" (PDF). City of Tshwane. March 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 February 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  41. ^ "Tutuka Power Station". Eskom. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  42. ^ a b http://www.eskom.co.za/content/GS_0001GasTurbAcaciaPortRexRev6.pdf[permanent dead link]
  43. ^ a b "ANKERLIG AND GOURIKWA GAS TURBINE POWER STATIONS" (PDF). Eskom. Retrieved 7 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
  44. ^ "IPSA Projects – Newcastle". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  45. ^ a b "NERSA's Public Hearing - AVON PEAKING POWER (PTY) LTD and DEDISA PEAKING POWER (PTY) LTD" (PDF).
  46. ^ a b "SA large scale IPP peaking power projects". 10 June 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  47. ^ Kilian, Anine. "685 MW Avon power plant enters commercial operation". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  48. ^ "Industrial gas plants add to Coega's resources". Business Day Live. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  49. ^ "SA's first independent power goes commercial". SABC. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016.
  50. ^ "Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme, South Africa". Power-Technology. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  51. ^ "Case Study of Ingula and Lima Pumped Storage Schemes" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 May 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  52. ^ "Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme" (PDF). Eskom. October 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  53. ^ a b "Koeberg Power Station". Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  54. ^ "IAEA PRIS – Country Details – South Africa". Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  55. ^ a b c "Statement by the Minister of Energy, Hon. Dipuo Peters, MP, on the occasion of the announcement of preferred bidders in respect of the first window of 3 725MW under the Renewable Energy IPP Bidding Programme" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  56. ^ a b c "Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme". Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  57. ^ a b c "Recommended Preferred Bidders – Window 1". Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  58. ^ a b c "Preferred Bidders – Window 2". Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  59. ^ a b c "Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: Window two Preferred Bidders' announcement". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  60. ^ a b "Bid Window 3 Preferred Bidders' announcement 4 November 2013" (PDF). Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  61. ^ a b "Expansion and Acceleration of the Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme" (PDF). Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  62. ^ "REIPPP window 4 preferred bidders". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  63. ^ "Department of Energy sheds light on Renewable Energy IPPs".
  64. ^ "Electrawinds launches 1st wind turbine at Coega". MSN. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
  65. ^ "Development of a 57.5MW Wind Energy Project". Public Process Consultants. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  66. ^ "Wind-Power". Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  67. ^ "Minister switches on the Darling Wind Farm". CEF. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  68. ^ "Integrated Annual Report 2013 -14". Archived from the original on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  69. ^ "About green electricity". www.capetown.gov.za. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  70. ^ "Wind Power". Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  71. ^ "KLIPHEUWEL WINDFARM" (PDF). Eskom. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  72. ^ "Klipheuwel shows the way in renewable energy". engineeringnews.co.za (Creamer Media). 23 April 2004. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  73. ^ "SA to get third wind farm". South Africa: The Good News. 29 March 2009. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  74. ^ "Renewable Energy Projects". Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  75. ^ "Renewable Energy: Sere wind farm" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.[permanent dead link]
  76. ^ "Renewable Energy - Sere wind farm project". www.eskom.co.za. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  77. ^ "Klipheuwel‐Dassiesfontein Wind Energy Facility" (PDF). NERSA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  78. ^ "METROWIND VAN STADENS WIND FARM NERSA PUBLIC HEARING 2 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  79. ^ "Our project". Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  80. ^ "Hopefield Wind Farm NERSA Generation Licence Public Meeting Thursday 1 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  81. ^ "CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM" (PDF). Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  82. ^ "Vestas wins 67 MW order in South Africa". Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  83. ^ "Wind energy gathering momentum, Hopefield farm fully operational". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  84. ^ "Karoo Renewable Energy Facility 5 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  85. ^ "Noblesfontein wind farm, South Africa". Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  86. ^ "Energy Minister opens wind farm at Oyster Bay March 15, 2013". 15 March 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  87. ^ "The Kouga Wind Farm". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  88. ^ "Red Cap Kouga Wind Farm Version 1 Date: 20/01/2012" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  89. ^ "ERSA Generation License Public Hearing" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  90. ^ "CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM – PDD) Version 03 – in effect as of: 28 July 2006" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  91. ^ "Sumitomo Subsidiary Signs Key Agreements for Dorper Wind Farm Project in South Africa". Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  92. ^ "Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm Pty Ltd – Presented to : NERSA, Pine Lodge Conference Centre, Port Elizabeth Date: 2ndMarch 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  93. ^ "Turbine component deliveries for 138 MW Jeffreys Bay wind farm to start". Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  94. ^ "Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm". Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  95. ^ "African Clean Energy Developments Cookhouse Wind Farm ( 138.6MW) NERSA Presentation March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  96. ^ Change, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate. "CDM: Cookhouse Wind Farm in South Africa". cdm.unfccc.int. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  97. ^ "PROJECT SUMMARY DOCUMENT WAAINEK WIND FARM & MAKANA WINDS OF CHANGE COMMUNITY TRUST" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  98. ^ a b "NERSA Public Hearing InnoWind / IDC Round 2 Projects August 2012, Port Elizabeth" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  99. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  100. ^ a b c "Vestas secures 105 MW order for SA turbines". Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  101. ^ "Waainek | Innowind". www.innowind.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  102. ^ "PROJECT SUMMARY DOCUMENT GRASSRIDGE WIND FARM & WINDS OF CHANGE COMMUNITY TRUST" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  103. ^ "Grassridge | Innowind". www.innowind.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  104. ^ "GOUDA WIND FACILITY NERSA PUBLIC HEARINGS Cape Town 13th August 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  105. ^ "PROPOSED WIND ENERGY FACILITY NEAR GOUDA, WESTERN CAPE DEA REF. NO: 12/12/20/2227 – FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT AUGUST 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2013.[permanent dead link]
  106. ^ "Amakhala Emoyeni Wind Farm". Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  107. ^ "Project Design Document (PDD)" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  108. ^ "PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM – PDD )" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.[permanent dead link]
  109. ^ "Project 7576 : Amakhala Emoyeni Grid Connected 138.6 MW Wind Farm, Phase 1, South Africa". Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  110. ^ a b "Cennergi wind farms to begin construction in June and September 2014". 24 March 2014. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  111. ^ "Tsitsikamma Community Wind Farm Project – NERSA Generation License Public Hearing . 14 August 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  112. ^ Wyngaardt, Megan van. "Tsitsikama wind farm reaches commercial operation". Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  113. ^ "West Coast One helps to power South Africa". www.southafrica.info. Archived from the original on 16 June 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  114. ^ "NERSA GENERATION LICENSE PUBLIC HEARING Micawber 862 (Pty) Ltd – West Coast 1 Venue: Cape Town 13 August 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  115. ^ "CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-PDD) Version 03 – in effect as of: 28 July 2006" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  116. ^ "West Coast One Wind Energy Facility". Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  117. ^ "PROJECT SUMMARY DOCUMENT CHABA WIND FARM & CHABA WINDS OF CHANGE COMMUNITY TRUST" (PDF). Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  118. ^ "Chaba | Innowind". www.innowind.com. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  119. ^ "Gibson Bay Wind Farm NERSA Hearings Cape Town 20 February 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  120. ^ "Gibson Bay Wind Farm". RedCap. Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  121. ^ "Red Cap – Gibson Bay". Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  122. ^ "Creamer Media Login".
  123. ^ Megan van Wyngaardt. "Commercial operations start at Enel's Gibson Bay Wind Farm". Engineeringnews.co.za. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  124. ^ "Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 North Wind Energy Facility". Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  125. ^ "Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 WEF 138.96 MW Onshore Wind Energy Facility". Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  126. ^ Reporter, Creamer Media. "Financial Close Achieved for Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Wind Projects". Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  127. ^ "Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 North". Mulilo. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  128. ^ "Nojoli Wind Farm NERSA PUBLIC HEARING 20 February 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  129. ^ "ENEL GREEN POWER: WORK BEGINS ON A NEW WIND FARM IN SOUTH AFRICA - Enel.com". www.enel.com. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  130. ^ "Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanhaarberg WEF 96.48 MW Onshore Wind Energy Facility" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  131. ^ "Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanhaarberg Wind Energy Facility". Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  132. ^ "PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM - PDD)" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  133. ^ "Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanharberg". Mulilo. Archived from the original on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  134. ^ "South Africa Mainstream Renewable Power Khobab Wind (Pty) Ltd" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  135. ^ a b c d e "Projects | Mainstream Renewable Power". mainstreamrp.com. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  136. ^ "Overview | Khobab Wind Farm | Sustainable Wind Energy". khobabwind.co.za. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  137. ^ a b Wyngaardt, Megan van. "R7bn to be invested in construction of two new Northern Cape wind farms". Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  138. ^ "Khobab Wind Farm | Sustainable Wind Energy". khobabwind.co.za. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  139. ^ "South Africa Mainstream Renewable Power Noupoort Pty Ltd" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  140. ^ "Overview | Noupoort Wind Farm | Sustainable Wind Energy". noupoortwind.co.za. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  141. ^ "South Africa Mainstream Renewable Power Loeriesfontein 2 (Pty) Ltd" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  142. ^ "Overview | Loeriesfontein Wind Farm | Sustainable Wind Energy". loeriesfonteinwind.co.za. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  143. ^ "South Africa awards wind energy and hydro projects to Building Energy". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  144. ^ "CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM PROGRAM ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-CPA-DD )" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2015.[permanent dead link]
  145. ^ "Wind Farms Northern Cape" (PDF).
  146. ^ "Karusa Wind Farm NERSA" (PDF).
  147. ^ "Nxuba Wind Farm - NERSA PUBLIC HEARINGS - 10 September 2015" (PDF).
  148. ^ "Project 8951 : TWE Golden Valley Wind Power Project". Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  149. ^ "Oyster Bay Wind Farm NERSA PUBLIC HEARING" (PDF).
  150. ^ "Soetwater Wind Farm NERSA PUBLIC HEARINGS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016.
  151. ^ "Kangnas Wind and Solar Project". South African Heritage Resources Agency (SAHRA).
  152. ^ "South Africa Mainstream Renewable Power Perdekraal East Pty Ltd - PUBLIC HEARINGS ON THE APPLICATIONS FOR THE RENEWABLE ENERGY POWER PLANTS LICENCE APPLICATIONS - 9th September 2015" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2015.
  153. ^ "NERSA Hearings Amstilinx (RF) Proprietary Limited Excelsior 32.5 MW Wind Energy Facility" (PDF).
  154. ^ "NERSA PUBLIC HEARING : RENEWABLE ENERGY POWER PLANT LICENCE APPLICATION Riverbank Wind Power (Pty) Ltd: Wesley - Ciskei Wind Project" (PDF).
  155. ^ Change, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate. "CDM: Copperton Wind Farm (Mabanaft-SA-Wind-001)". cdm.unfccc.int. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  156. ^ "Copperton wind energy facility bird impact assessment" (PDF).
  157. ^ "Project Design Document (PDD)" (PDF).
  158. ^ "NERSA Hearing 20 February 2014 Garob Wind Farm" (PDF).
  159. ^ "SOUTH AFRICA: Enel Commissions its 145 MW Garob Wind Farm - World-Energy". www.world-energy.org. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  160. ^ "Bid Window 3 Preferred Bidders' announcement - 4 November 2013" (PDF).
  161. ^ "Khi Solar One". Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  162. ^ "NERSA !Khi Solar One license application – public hearing Postmasburg, 6 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  163. ^ "Company Announcement: SPX to Install World's First Large Scale Natural Draft Condenser at South African Solar Power Plant". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  164. ^ Kilian, Anine. "Khi Solar One enters commercial operation". Engineering News. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  165. ^ "KaXu Solar One launched". Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  166. ^ "Kaxu Solar One". CSP World. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  167. ^ "NERSA !KaXu Solar One license application – public hearing Postmasburg, 6 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  168. ^ "Abengoa Solar :: Our plants :: Operating facilities :: South Africa". Abengoa Solar. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  169. ^ REUTERS. "South Africa turns on R5 billion Saudi-built solar to cut coal reliance". Times LIVE. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  170. ^ "Bokpoort". CSP World. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  171. ^ "Bokpoort CSP (Concentrating Solar Power) Project, South Africa Version: 01 Date: 30/01/2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  172. ^ "Construction starts on Bokpoort CSP plant". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  173. ^ "NERSA XiNa Solar One license application – public hearing Kimberley, 18 February 2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  174. ^ "Abengoa closes USD 660 million project financing for Xina Solar One, 100 MW solar power plant in South Africa". Archived from the original on 29 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  175. ^ Creamer, Terence. "100 MW Kathu CSP plant to be operational in 2018". Engineering News. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  176. ^ "New solar plants in sunny Northern Cape". www.southafrica.info. Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  177. ^ "Kathu Solar Power Park - Nersa" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2016.
  178. ^ "The R12bn Kathu solar project: Good-bye diesel. Hello molten salt". Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  179. ^ "ILANGA CSP 1/KAROSHOEK SOLAR ONE 100 MW CSP, KAROS, UPINGTON" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  180. ^ "Project Ilanga Solar Thermal Power Plant, Northern Cape Province Basic Assessment Phase Report: Canals and Detention Ponds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  181. ^ "SolarReserve Wins Bid to Build South African Solar Plus Storage Plant". 8 January 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  182. ^ a b c "New solar plants in sunny Northern Cape". South Africa.info. 9 January 2015. Archived from the original on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  183. ^ "Redstone Solar Thermal Power Plant". Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  184. ^ "Reliably Powering South Africa with Clean Solar Energy – Day and Night" (PDF). SOLARRESERVE. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  185. ^ "PV Plants Map 2012 South Africa" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  186. ^ "Department of Energy sheds light on Renewable Energy IPPs". Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  187. ^ "Scatec Solar: Kalkbuilt Project Nersa IPP Public Hearing Kimberly 5 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  188. ^ "Construction of the Kalkbult Solar PV Plant is progressing as planned". Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  189. ^ a b c "115 MW solar power plants for Linde, Dreunberg". Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  190. ^ "REIPPPP first-window project connected to grid". Engineering News. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  191. ^ a b c d e f "South Africa's impressive solar power plants". MyBroadband. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  192. ^ "COMPONENT PROJECT ACTIVITIES DESIGN DOCUMENT (CPA-D D)" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.[permanent dead link]
  193. ^ "SlimSun Swartland Solar Park NERSA Public Hearing Renewable Energy Power Plant License Application 1st March 2012, Cape Town" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  194. ^ "SlimSun Swartland Solar Park". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  195. ^ "First Renewable Energy Project in Rustenburg North West Province NERSA Public Hearings at Bela Bela 08 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  196. ^ "NERSA Public Participation Process Konkoonsies Solar PV Energy Facility March 6, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  197. ^ a b c d "Plants & Projects | Globeleq | Powering Africa's Growth". Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  198. ^ "NERSA Public Participation Process Aries Solar PV Energy Facility March 6, 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  199. ^ "Project Design Document (PDD)" (PDF). Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  200. ^ Jean Marie Takouleu (20 September 2021). "South Africa: Greefspan II solar power plant starts commercial operations". Afrik21.africa. Paris, France. Retrieved 3 November 2022.
  201. ^ a b "Energy Programmes and Projects" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  202. ^ "Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV Prieska" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  203. ^ "Presentation to NERSA on Soutpan Solar Park 8 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  204. ^ "Presentation to NERSA on Witkop Solar Project 8 March 2012 Presented by Core Energy" (PDF). Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  205. ^ "CPV Power Plant No.1 Vincenzo Bellini" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  206. ^ "Touwsrivier Solar Energy Facility". Archived from the original on 29 January 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  207. ^ "Soitec, Schneider team up on Touwsrivier solar project". Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  208. ^ "Appendix 1.3 CONSTRAINTS MAP AND OTHER STATUS QUO MAPPING" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  209. ^ "De aar solar power announce cod and inauguration". Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  210. ^ Leandi Kolver (10 December 2013). "De Aar Solar project starts supplying power into grid". Engineeringnews.co.za. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  211. ^ "Mulilo Renewable Energy". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  212. ^ "Project Design Document (PDD) De Aar Grid Connected 10 MW Solar Park, 29 February 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  213. ^ "Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV De Aar" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  214. ^ "De Aar". Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  215. ^ "Solar Capital says 75 MW De Aar project is 'first phase'". Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  216. ^ "Solar Capital presentation to NERSA" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  217. ^ "COMPONENT PROJECT ACTIVITY DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (F-CDM-CPA-DD) Version 02.0". Retrieved 18 August 2013.[permanent dead link]
  218. ^ "De Aar 3". Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  219. ^ "South Africa's Largest Thin-Film Solar PV Project Commissioned". CleanTechnica. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  220. ^ "South African Mainstream Renewable Power DroogfonteinPty Ltd Presented to : NERSA PostmansburgTown Hall, Postmansburg Date: 6 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  221. ^ "Droogfontein Solar (PV)". Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  222. ^ "Letsatsi PV Project". Archived from the original on 7 January 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  223. ^ a b "SolarReserve, Kensani and Intikon Complete $260 million Solar Project Financing with Key Investment from Google and the PIC". Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  224. ^ "Letsatsi – Solar Reserve". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  225. ^ "LESEDI PV PROJECT- 64 MW PV POWER PLANT – March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  226. ^ "Lesedi PV Project | SolarReserve". Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  227. ^ "Lesedi". Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  228. ^ "Developers of Kathu solar park expect to start building this month". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  229. ^ "NERSA PUBLIC HEARINGS Kathu 75MW Photovoltaic Plant Potsmansburg, 6 March 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  230. ^ a b Interactive Map of Projects Archived 27 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine, http://www.buildingenergy.it
  231. ^ "Project Design Document (PDD)" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  232. ^ "Background Information Document-Kathu" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  233. ^ "Sishen solar energy plant connected to grid". moneyweb.co.za. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  234. ^ "Planta Sishen". Archived from the original on 26 February 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  235. ^ "AURORA-RIETVLEI SOLAR POWER (PTY) LTD. NERSA Public Hearing on the Application for a Generation License for Renewable Energy Power Plants 13 AUGUST 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  236. ^ "VREDENDAL SOLAR POWER PARK (PTY) LTD. NERSA Public Hearing on the theApplication for a Generation License for Renewable Energy Power Plants 13 AUGUST 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  237. ^ Change, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate. "CDM: Scatec Solar Linde CPA-001 (SSL CPA-001)". cdm.unfccc.int. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  238. ^ Systems, eZ (7 July 2014). "Scatec Solar completes another 40 MW solar plant in South Africa". www.scatecsolar.com. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  239. ^ "EIA Dreunberg Eastern Cape" (PDF). Retrieved 17 September 2015.
  240. ^ "Jasper solar photovoltaic project, South Africa". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  241. ^ "Jasper PV Project". Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  242. ^ "Google invests R103m in SA solar project". 2 June 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  243. ^ "Investing in a South African solar project". 30 May 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  244. ^ "South Africa: 96 MW Jasper project financing successfully closed". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  245. ^ "SolarReserve, Kensani and Intikon Complete $260 million Solar Project Financing with Key Investment from Google and the PIC". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  246. ^ "Jasper PV Project | SolarReserve". Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  247. ^ "Boshof Solar Park CPA-011 PoA: Green Power for South Africa" (PDF). Retrieved 19 April 2015.[permanent dead link]
  248. ^ Terence Creamer (6 November 2013). "60 MW Free State solar project secures R1.8bn from US development agency". Engineeringnews.co.za. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  249. ^ "COMPONENT PROJECT ACTIVITIES DESIGN DOCUMENT (CPA-DD)". Retrieved 19 April 2015.[permanent dead link]
  250. ^ "ADAMS SOLAR PV PROJECT PUBLIC HEARING KIMBERLEY 18 FEBRUARY 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  251. ^ "Adams Solar PV 2". Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  252. ^ "TOM BURKE SOLAR PARK PUBLIC HEARING PRETORIA 21 FEBRUARY 2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  253. ^ "Mulilo Sonnedix Prieska PV (PTY) LTD 75MW Solar PV Power Plant" (PDF). Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  254. ^ Reporter, Creamer Media. "86 MW Prieska solar plant enters commercial operation". Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  255. ^ Reporter, Creamer Media. "Another large-scale solar PV plant officially opens in N Cape". Engineering News. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  256. ^ "PALEISHEUWEL SOLAR PARK PUBLIC HEARING CAPE TOWN 20 FEBRUARY 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  257. ^ TerniEnergia completes 82.5-MW PV plant in S Africa
  258. ^ "PULIDA SOLAR PARK PUBLIC HEARING KIMBERLEY 18 FEBRUARY 2014" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  259. ^ "Mulilo Prieska PV (PTY) LTD 75MW Solar PV Power Plant" (PDF). Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  260. ^ "Scoping phase public meeting" (PDF).
  261. ^ "NERSA Public Hearing Sirius Solar PV Project One (Pty) Ltd" (PDF).
  262. ^ "NERSA PUBLIC HEARING – September 2015 DROOGFONTEIN 2 SOLAR PARK" (PDF).
  263. ^ Bungane, Babalwa (2 September 2020). "Droogfontein 2 Solar Park begins full operation in South Africa". ESI-Africa.com. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  264. ^ "Droogfontein 2 Solar PV". Aced. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  265. ^ Jean Marie Takouleu (7 October 2022). "South Africa: Voltalia to sell 148 MWp of solar power to Rio Tinto from 2024". Afrik21.africa. Paris, France. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  266. ^ "NERSA Public Hearing Dyason's Klip 1 (Pty) Ltd" (PDF).
  267. ^ "NERSA Public Hearing Dyason's Klip 2 (Pty) Ltd" (PDF).
  268. ^ a b "Two utility-scale solar plants now operational in the Northern Cape". www.iol.co.za. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  269. ^ "18 May 2015 - Konkoonsies II Gen Licence Application Public Participation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2016.
  270. ^ "18 May 2015 - Aggeneys Gen Licence Application Public Participation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2016.
  271. ^ "Solar Capital Orange (Pty) Ltd. De Aar 86.25 MW NERSA Public Hearing" (PDF).
  272. ^ Jean Marie Takouleu (29 January 2021). "South Africa: De Wildt PV solar power plant (50 MWp) goes into operation". Afrk21.africa. Paris, France. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  273. ^ a b c "NERSA PUBLIC HEARING – September 2015 - ZEERUST, BOKAMOSO & DE WILDT SOLAR PARKS" (PDF).
  274. ^ "De Wildt Solar PV". Aced. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  275. ^ "FINAL SCOPING REPORT - For the Proposed Bokamoso Photovoltaic Solar Energy Facility near Leeudoringstad, Registration Division HP, North West Province" (PDF).
  276. ^ "Bokamoso Solar PV". Aced. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  277. ^ "PV Solar Energy Facility, Zeerust". South African Heritage Resources Agency (SAHRA).
  278. ^ "Zeerust Solar PV". Aced. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  279. ^ Nasi Hako (28 October 2022). "Heineken South Africa launches municipality's largest grid-connected solar plant". ESI-Africa. Cape Town, South Africa. Retrieved 3 November 2022.
  280. ^ "PALAEONTOLOGICAL HERITAGE ASSESSMENT: COMBINED DESKTOP & FIELD - BASED STUDY Proposed PV Solar Facility on a portion of the farm Waterloo 992 near Vryburg, Naledi Local Municipality, North-West Province" (PDF).
  281. ^ "Waterloo Solar PV". Aced. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  282. ^ a b LJ Strachan; L Pass. "Credits where they're due" (PDF). Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  283. ^ a b eThekwini, Municipality. "Project Summary Document: Durban Landfill-Gas to Electricity" (PDF). eThekwini Municipality. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  284. ^ "Durban Solid Waste Mariannhill Landfill". Archived from the original on 6 January 2019. Retrieved 29 January 2020.

External links[edit]