List of power stations in Sri Lanka
The following page lists the power stations in Sri Lanka that are connected to the central power grid. Most hydroelectric and thermal/fossil-fuel based power stations in the country are owned and/or operated by the Government or the state-run Ceylon Electricity Board, while the renewable energy sector consists of mostly of privately-run plants operating with a 10–20 year Power Purchase Agreement.
As of 2014, the country had a total combined installed generation capacity of 3,932 megawatts (MW), of which 2,115MW (53.8%) was from thermal, 1,665MW (42.3%) from hydroelectricity, and the remaining 152MW (3.9%) from other renewable sources such as small hydro, wind, and solar. These generation sources produced a total of 12,357GWh of electricity during that year, of which 7,508GWh (60.8%), 4,534GWh (36.7%), and 315GWh (2.5%) was from thermal, hydro, and other renewables, respectively.
As of 2015, 1,464 megawatts (MW) of the total thermal installed capacity was from state-owned fossil-fuel power stations; 900MW from Lakvijaya, 380MW from the state-owned portion of Kelanitissa, 160MW from Sapugaskanda, and 24MW from Uthuru Janani. An additional 500MW will be added to the total state-owned capacity after the completion of the Sampur Power Station in late 2017, which is being built with provisions to add a further 500MW in the future. The remaining 641MW of the installed thermal capacity were from six privately-owned power stations.
In an attempt to lower the current consumer tariff for electricity, the government has decided not renew the power purchase agreements of privately owned thermal power stations when their licences expire, as it has done with the six now-decommissioned private power producers listed below. The government will utilize the new Sampur plant combined with new renewable sources to accommodate the lost private-sector capacity, with plans to introduce nuclear power after 2030.
The Ministry of Power and Renewable Energy also made a statement that no more coal-fired power stations will be commissioned after Sampur, making it and Lakvijaya the only two coal power stations in the country. Any future thermal power stations will also be natural gas-run, to reduce the nation's carbon footprint.
|Station||Owner||Location||Closest city||Capacity (MW)||Status||Ref|
|Asia Power Sapugaskanda||Private||Sapugaskanda||51||Operational|||
Hydroelectricity played a very significant role in the national installed power capacity since it was rapidly introduced in the 1950s–1990s. Since at least 2000–2010, over 50% of the total grid capacity was met by hydroelectricity. The hydropower sector lost its majority share on the power grid when further thermal power stations was introduced in 2010. The following table lists all the state-run hydroelectric power stations.
While most hydroelectric power stations are named after their water source (i.e. the name of the dam and/or reservoir), a number of facilities have different names for the water source and the power station due to the fact that they are located larger distances apart (usually connected via underground penstocks). Further information of each power station is included in the corresponding water source article (i.e. dam). Privately-owned "small-hydro" facilities (which are limited to a maximum nameplate capacity of 10 MW by state policy), are excluded from this list.
|Upper Kotmale||Upper Kotmale||Mahaweli||150||2011-00-00||Operational|||
|Kukule Ganga||Kukule Ganga||Samanala||80||2003-07-00||Operational|||
|Deduru Oya||Deduru Oya||Other||1.5||2014-11-21||Operational|||
Solar power is a relatively young segment in the energy industry of Sri Lanka. In 2015, only two grid-connected solar farms were operational, one state-run and the other run by a private company, both of which had an installed capacity of less than 2MW. Despite at least half a dozen private companies applying for development permits for photovoltaic and solar thermal projects, none have actually commenced constructions.
|Solar farm||Ownership||Location||Capacity (MW)||Status||Ref|
|Thirappane||Ulagalla Walawwa Resort P L||0.123||Operational|||
Sri Lanka's wind power sector saw activity as early as 1988, when studies were conducted to build a pilot wind project in the Southern Province. More than a decade later, the state-owned 3MW Hambantota Wind Farm was commissioned. The industry stayed dormant till 2003, when the National Renewable Energy Laboratory conducted further wind power studies in the island, before which the industry went into dormancy for a further 7 years.
Unlike the other industries, Sri Lanka's wind energy industry witnessed a sudden boom in 2010, with the commissioning of the Mampuri Wind Farms, the first private-sector wind project in the country's history. This industry suddenly crashed within the next four years after numerous wrongdoings and hidden political dealings surfaced, involving key governing bodies such as the Sustainable Energy Authority and Ceylon Electricity Board, along with a number of senior individuals.
The last privately owned first-come, first-served style wind farm projects, the Pollupalai and Vallimunai Wind Farms, were completed in late 2014, by when operations in the industry was ceased by presidential order. The largest private-sector beneficiaries of the "wind power boom" are Windforce and Senok, which currently owns 7 and 3 separate wind farms respectively, of the total of 14 privately-owned wind farms in operation as at 2015. The other companies in the market includes the semi-private LTL Holdings, Aitken Spence, and Willwind, which are currently operating 4 wind farms in total.
|Ambewela Aitken Spence||Aitken Spence||Ace Wind Power P L||3||Operational|||
|Madurankuliya||Windforce P L||Daily Life Renewable Energy P L||12||Operational|||
|Mampuri-I||Senok||Senok Wind Power P L||10||Operational|||
|Mampuri-II||Senok||Senok Wind Energy P L||10.5||Operational|||
|Mampuri-III||Senok||Senok Wind Resource P L||10.5||Operational|||
|Nala Danavi||LTL Holdings||Nala Danavi P L||4.8||Operational|||
|Nirmalapura||Windforce P L||Nirmalapura Wind Power P L||10.5||Operational|||
|Pawan Danavi||LTL Holdings||Pawan Danavi P L||10.2||Operational|||
|Pollupalai||Windforce P L||Joule Power P L||12||Operational|||
|Seguwantivu||Windforce P L||Seguwantivu Wind Power P L||9.6||Operational|||
|Uppudaluwa||Windforce P L||PowerGen Lanka P L||10.5||Operational|||
|Vallimunai||Windforce P L||Beta Power P L||12||Operational|||
|Vidatamunai||Windforce P L||Vidatamunai Wind Power P L||10.4||Operational|||
|Willwind||Willwind P L||Willwind P L||0.85||Operational|||
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- "Blue chips eye more hydro, wind power plants". DailyNews.lk. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Hambantota Wind Farm, retrieved 2010-08-08
- Charumini De Silva (18 March 2010). "Senok opens first commercial wind power park". DailyNews.lk. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- "17 Billion Rupees for a 100MW wind power plant project from Samurdhi Bank". Ministry of Power and Renewable Energy. 5 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "SLSEA Energy Permits: Wind Projects". Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
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- "Sri Lanka's Lanka Ventures invests in Bangladesh power". Lanka Business Online. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Project Information - Hayleys Nirmalapura Wind Farm". World Bank. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "Windforce Power Projects: Joule Power". Windforce.lk. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- "Seguwantivu and Vidatamunai Wind Farms". Windpower.lk. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- "PowerGen Wind Power Plant". Windpower.lk. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- "Windforce Power Projects: Beta Power". Windforce.lk. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Power plants in Sri Lanka.|
- Ceylon Electricity Board
- Ministry of Power & Renewable Energy
- Mahaweli Hydropower Complex
- Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka
- Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority