List of power stations in Turkey

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The most important power stations in Turkey are listed here. For a more complete list please see the World Resources Institute "Global Power Plant Database".[1] Turkey generates about 300 TWh of electricity per year.

High Carbon Emissions[edit]

Coal[edit]

All operational coal-fired power stations over 50MW are listed below. For more details and a complete list of operational stations please see the main article.

Five plants were shutdown at the end of 2019 to reduce air pollution,[2] leaving total installed capacity at about 17 GW, with 1.3 GW under construction.[3] However[4] government may continue subsidizing some of the most polluting plants in 2020.[5][6] In 2019 almost 500 million lira was paid to them.[7]

In 2017 imported hard coal generated 51 TWh and local coal (almost all lignite) 44 TWh of electricity.[8]

Hard coal is estimated to emit 1126 g CO2-eq./kWh and lignite 1062 g CO2-eq./kWh.[9]

Station Capacity (MW) CO2 emissions (Mt/year)[10][11] Owner Capacity Mechanism Payment (₺m)
2018 [12] 2019 [13] 2020 [14]
Afşin-Elbistan B power station 1440 5.5 EÜAŞ
Atlas Enerji İskenderun power station 1200 4.4 Atlas Enerji eligible
Bolu Göynük power station 270 1.1 Kazancı Holding 30 40 eligible
Cenal power station 1320 4.8 Cenal Elektrik
Çayırhan power station 620 2.5 Ciner Group
Yatağan power station 630 2.5 Bereket Enerji 70 94 eligible
Emba Hunutlu power station 1320 under construction mainly Shanghai Electric Power Company[15] also local investors
Kemerköy power station 630 2.5 Yeniköy Kemerköy Elektrik 70 94 eligible
Yeniköy power station 420 1.7 Yeniköy Kemerköy Elektrik 47 63 eligible
18 Mart Can power station 320 1.3 EÜAŞ
Çan-2 power station 330 ODAŞ Group 10 49 eligible
Orhaneli power station 210 0.8 Çelikler Holding 23 31 eligible
Tufanbeyli power station 450 1.8 Enerjisa 67 eligible
Soma power station 990 4.0 Anadolu Birlik Holding via tr:Konya Şeker 110 148 eligible
ZETES power stations 2790 10.2 Eren Enerji 13 10 eligible
İsken Sugözü power station 1320 4.6 tr:OYAK
İzdemir Enerji power station 350 1.3 İzdemir Enerji eligible
İÇDAŞ Bekirli-1 power station 405 6.2 including İÇDAŞ Bekirli-2 İÇDAŞ 5 5 eligible
İÇDAŞ Bekirli-2 power station 1200 included in İÇDAŞ Bekirli-1 İÇDAŞ
Şırnak Silopi power station 405 1.6 Ciner Group 45 61 eligible
Soma Kolin power station 510 Kolin Group 50 eligible
Polat power station 51 Polatyol 8 eligible
Gebze Çolakoğlu power station 190 Çolakoğlu Metalurji eligible
Aksa power station 142 Akkök Group
Totals: 17513 56.8 423 720

Medium Carbon Emissions[edit]

Natural Gas[edit]

Station Community Coordinates Capacity (MW) Construction year Notes
Aliağa İzmir 180
Antalya Antalya 1150 Leap 1=2009 Leap 2=2011
Adapazarı Sakarya 770 2002 October
Gebze Kocaeli 1540 2002 October
Bursa CCGT Power Station[16] Bursa, Ovacık   1432 2002 March
İzmir İzmir 1520 2003
Hamitabat CCGT Power Station Kırklareli   1120 ?
Ambarlı CCGT Power Plant İstanbul 40°58′54″N 28°41′27″E / 40.981651°N 28.690883°E / 40.981651; 28.690883 (Ambarlı CCGT power plant) 1350 ?
Ambarlı GT Power Plant İstanbul   1400 ? Under construction
Unimar Marmara Ereğlisi Power Plant Marmara Ereğlisi, Tekirdağ Province 41°00′27″N 27°58′25″E / 41.007564°N 27.973473°E / 41.007564; 27.973473 (Afşin-Elbistan B Power Station) 480 1999

Geothermal[edit]

The CO2 emissions from new geothermal plants in Turkey are high but gradually decline: lifecycle emissions are still being researched as of 2019.[17]

Station Community Coordinates Capacity (MW) Construction year
Kızıldere Geothermal Power Plant[18] Sarayköy, Denizli 37°57′00″N 28°50′35″E / 37.95000°N 28.84306°E / 37.95000; 28.84306 95 1984
Gümüşköy Geothermal Power Plant[19] Germencik, Aydın 37°51′20″N 27°27′48″E / 37.85556°N 27.46333°E / 37.85556; 27.46333 13.2 ?

Low carbon emissions[edit]

Hydroelectric[edit]

Station Community Coordinates Capacity (MW) Construction year
Alkumru Dam 37°57′33″N 42°05′34″E / 37.959167°N 42.092778°E / 37.959167; 42.092778 (Alkumru Dam) 265.5 2011
Altınkaya Dam Kızılırmak Nehri 41°21′48″N 35°43′27″E / 41.3632176°N 35.7240844°E / 41.3632176; 35.7240844 (Altınkaya Dam) 700 1988
Arkun Dam İspir, Erzurum 40°40′34″N 41°17′21″E / 40.676181°N 41.289192°E / 40.676181; 41.289192 (Arkun Dam) 237 2014
Artvin Dam Artvin 40°56′02″N 41°46′11″E / 40.933833°N 41.76975°E / 40.933833; 41.76975 (Artvin Dam) 340 2016
Aslantaş Dam Uğurlu 40°56′12″N 36°38′56″E / 40.9366319°N 36.64891°E / 40.9366319; 36.64891 (Aslantaş Dam) 138 1984
Atatürk Dam Eskin 37°28′58″N 38°19′14″E / 37.4827592°N 38.3206129°E / 37.4827592; 38.3206129 (Ataturk Dam) 2,400 1992
Batman Dam Catakköprü 38°09′36″N 41°12′06″E / 38.160088°N 41.201574°E / 38.160088; 41.201574 (Batman Dam) 198 1999
Berke Dam Düziçi, Osmaniye 37°22′24″N 36°27′41″E / 37.373256°N 36.461347°E / 37.373256; 36.461347 (Berke Dam) 510 1999
Birecik Dam Belkıs 37°03′12″N 37°53′24″E / 37.053333°N 37.89°E / 37.053333; 37.89 (Birecik Dam) 672 2001
Borçka Dam Borçka, Artvin 41°20′59″N 41°41′16″E / 41.349722°N 41.687778°E / 41.349722; 41.687778 (Borçka Dam) 300 2006
Boyabat Dam Boyabat 41°20′19″N 35°00′07″E / 41.3386°N 35.001994°E / 41.3386; 35.001994 (Boyabat Dam) 513 2012
Çatalan Dam Adana 37°02′12″N 35°20′36″E / 37.036612°N 35.3434038°E / 37.036612; 35.3434038 (Çatalan Dam) 169 1997
Çınarcık Dam 40°00′59″N 28°46′21″E / 40.016497°N 28.772622°E / 40.016497; 28.772622 (Çınarcık Dam) 100 2002
Deriner Dam Artvin 41°10′11″N 41°52′13″E / 41.169722°N 41.870277°E / 41.169722; 41.870277 (Deriner Dam) 670 2012
Dicle Dam Altayköy 38°20′56″N 40°01′20″E / 38.34896°N 40.0222921°E / 38.34896; 40.0222921 (Dicle Dam) 110 1997
Ermenek Dam 36°34′06″N 32°58′05″E / 36.5682012°N 32.9681683°E / 36.5682012; 32.9681683 (Ermenek Dam) 300 2009
Gezende Dam   36°31′42″N 33°11′40″E / 36.5284501°N 33.1943536°E / 36.5284501; 33.1943536 (Gökçekaya Dam) 159 1990
Gökçekaya Dam Gökçekaya 40°02′00″N 31°00′57″E / 40.0334307°N 31.0159492°E / 40.0334307; 31.0159492 (Gökçekaya Dam) 278 1972
Hasan Uğurlu Dam Uğurlu 40°56′12″N 36°38′48″E / 40.9365508°N 36.6467857°E / 40.9365508; 36.6467857 (Hasan Uğurlu Dam) 500 1981
Hirfanlı Dam Hirfanlar 39°16′22″N 33°31′05″E / 39.2727631°N 33.5181069°E / 39.2727631; 33.5181069 (Hirfanlı Dam) 128 1959
Ilısu Dam   37°31′52″N 41°50′59″E / 37.531167°N 41.849653°E / 37.531167; 41.849653 (Ilısu Dam) 1,200 2018
Karakaya Dam Handere 38°13′36″N 39°08′08″E / 38.2266006°N 39.1355324°E / 38.2266006; 39.1355324 (Karakaya Dam) 1,800 1989
Karkamış Dam Ziyaret 36°52′04″N 38°02′02″E / 36.8679139°N 38.0338097°E / 36.8679139; 38.0338097 (Karkamış Dam) 189 2000
Keban Dam Keban 38°48′23″N 38°45′32″E / 38.8064233°N 38.7589502°E / 38.8064233; 38.7589502 (Keban Dam) 1,330 1974
Kığı Dam 39°22′06″N 40°21′07″E / 39.368333°N 40.351944°E / 39.368333; 40.351944 (Kığı Dam) 180 2016
Kılıçkaya Dam Yelkesen 40°14′31″N 38°11′09″E / 40.2419787°N 38.1859016°E / 40.2419787; 38.1859016 (Kılıçkaya Dam) 124 1989
Köprü Dam 38°48′23″N 35°36′45″E / 38.8064233°N 35.612483°E / 38.8064233; 35.612483 (Köprü Dam) 148 2012
Menzelet Dam Sarıçukur 37°40′36″N 36°51′01″E / 37.6766708°N 36.8502045°E / 37.6766708; 36.8502045 (Menzelet Dam) 248 1989
Muratlı Dam Muratlı village, Artvin 41°28′06″N 41°42′48″E / 41.468333°N 41.713333°E / 41.468333; 41.713333 (Muratlı Dam) 115 2005
Obruk Dam   40°46′13″N 34°47′17″E / 40.770278°N 34.788056°E / 40.770278; 34.788056 (Obruk Dam) 202 2007
Oymapinar Dam Oymapınar-Manavgat 36°54′31″N 31°31′54″E / 36.9086994°N 31.5318024°E / 36.9086994; 31.5318024 (Oymapinar Dam) 540 1984
Özlüce Dam Yayladere, Bingöl 39°07′47″N 40°05′16″E / 39.129722°N 40.087778°E / 39.129722; 40.087778 (Özlüce Dam) 200 2000
Sarıyar Dam Sarıyar 40°02′23″N 31°24′51″E / 40.0397393°N 31.4141822°E / 40.0397393; 31.4141822 (Sarıyar Dam) 160 1956
Sır Dam Küçüksır 37°30′04″N 36°35′47″E / 37.5010445°N 36.5962744°E / 37.5010445; 36.5962744 (Sır Dam) 284 1991
Torul Dam 40°38′07″N 39°13′52″E / 40.635278°N 39.231111°E / 40.635278; 39.231111 (Torul Dam) 121.5 2007
Yedigöze Dam 37°24′05″N 35°26′43″E / 37.401506°N 35.445297°E / 37.401506; 35.445297 (Yedigöze Dam) 320 2011
Yusufeli Dam Artvin 40°49′13″N 41°39′41″E / 40.820278°N 41.661389°E / 40.820278; 41.661389 (Yusufeli Dam) 540 2018

Solar photovoltaic[edit]

Station Community Coordinates Capacity (MW) Construction year
Manisa     40 ?

Solar thermal[edit]

Station Community Coordinates Capacity (MW) Construction year
Greenway Mersin CSP     5[20] ?

Wind[edit]

As of 2015, there were 172 wind farms in Turkey, of which 171 were active in production with a total installed capacity of 6.195 GW making out 7.7% of the total installed power capacity of the country. The generated electricity was 15.685 TWh in 2016, which supplied 6% of the total electrical energy consumption.[21]

Wind farms in Turkey
Name Location Province Capacity (MW) Year Manufacturer
Aliağa Wind Farm Aliağa İzmir 193 2008 Nordex Enercon
Bahçe Wind Farm Bahçe Osmaniye 135 2009 GE
Bandırma Wind Farm Bandırma Balıkesir 30 2006 GE
Bozcaada Wind Farm Bozcaada Çanakkale 10 2000 Enercon
Çanta Wind Farm Çanta, Silivri İstanbul 47.5 2014 Nordex
Çatalca Wind Farm Çatalca İstanbul 60 2008 Vestas
Çeşme Wind Farm Çeşme İzmir 39 2007 Enercon
Dağpazarı Wind Farm Dağpazarı Mersin 39 2012 Siemens
Didim Wind Farm Didim Aydın 31 2009 Suzlon
İntepe Wind Farm İntepe Çanakkale 30 2007 Enercon
Mut Wind Farm Mut Mersin 33 2010 Vestas
Samandağ Wind Farm Samandağ Hatay 35 2009 Nordex
Sayalar Wind Farm Sayalar Manisa 30 2008 Enercon
Soma Wind Farm Soma Manisa 141 2012 Enercon
Şamlı Wind Farm Şamlı Balıkesir 90 2008 Vestas

Nuclear[edit]

Station Community Coordinates Capacity (MW) Construction year Notes
Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant[22][23]   36°08′42″N 33°32′25″E / 36.144893°N 33.540376°E / 36.144893; 33.540376 (Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant) 4800 ? Under construction
Sinop Nuclear Power Plant[24]   42°05′09″N 34°57′19″E / 42.085739°N 34.955378°E / 42.085739; 34.955378 (Sinop Nuclear Power Plant) 4400 Cancelled

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Global Power Plant Database".
  2. ^ "Filtre taktırmayan ve baca gazı arıtma önlemi almayan 5 termik santral tamamen kapatıldı". 2020-01-02. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
  3. ^ "Coal". Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (Turkey). Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  4. ^ "2020 Yılı Kapasite Mekanizmasından Yararlanacak Santrallerin Nihai Listesi | TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM A.Ş." TEİAŞ (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  5. ^ "Devlet desteği sürecek". odatv.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  6. ^ Haber, Kamu (2020-01-29). "Kapanan santrallere devlet desteği devam edecek". Kamu Güncel Haber (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-02-04.
  7. ^ "MUÇEP: Muğla'daki tüm termik santraller kapatilmalidir!". www.milasonder.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-02-04.
  8. ^ "2017 Annual Report" (PDF). EÜAŞ.
  9. ^ Atilgan et al (2016), p. 177
  10. ^ "Global coal power map". 2018-06-05. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Estimating carbon dioxide emissions from coal plants". Global Energy Monitor. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Kapasite mekanizması Aralık ayı ödemeleri açıklandı". Yeşil Ekonomi. 23 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Kapasite mekanizmasıyla 2019'da 40 santrale 1.6 milyar lira ödendi". Enerji Günlüğü (in Turkish). 2020-02-06. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
  14. ^ "2020 Yılı Kapasite Mekanizmasından Yararlanacak Santrallerin Nihai Listesi | TÜRKİYE ELEKTRİK İLETİM A.Ş." TEİAŞ (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  15. ^ "China's power plant project with direct investment in Turkey starts construction". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2019-09-25.
  16. ^ http://www.euas.gov.tr/
  17. ^ "Characterizing the declining CO2 emissions from Turkish geothermal power plants" (PDF). World Bank. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  18. ^ Kindap, Ali; Kaya, Tevfik; Tut Haklıdır, Füsun S.; Alpagut Bükülmez, Ayşe (25–29 April 2010). Privatization of Kizildere Geothermal Power Plant and New Approaches for Field and Plant (PDF). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010. Bali, Indonesia: geothermal-energy.org.
  19. ^ "POWER Engineers Selected to Design Advanced Geothermal Power Plant in Turkey". powerconstructors.com. May 2006.
  20. ^ "Mersin'de Türkiye'nin ilk güneş enerjisi kulesi kuruldu" (in Turkish). 24 April 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  21. ^ "Rüzgar Enerji Santralleri" (in Turkish). Enerji Atlası. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  22. ^ "Construction of Turkey's First Nuclear Power Plant will Start in 2013". Journal of Turkish Weekly. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  23. ^ "Governmental approval for Turkish construction plan". World Nuclear News. 15 July 2010. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  24. ^ "MHI to Step Up Involvement in Sinop Nuclear Power Plant Project In Turkey". Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., mhi.co.jp. May 8, 2013. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.

Sources[edit]