List of premiers of British Columbia

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Christy Clark is the current Premier of British Columbia

The Premier of British Columbia is the First Minister for the Canadian province of British Columbia. The province was a British crown colony governed by the Governors of British Columbia[1] before joining Canadian Confederation in 1871.[2] Since then, it has had a unicameral Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which the Premier is the leader of the party that controls the most seats in the Legislative Assembly. The Premier is British Columbia's head of government, and the Queen of Canada is its head of state and is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. The Premier picks a cabinet from the elected members to form the Executive Council of British Columbia and presides over that body.[3]

Members are first elected to the legislature during general elections. General elections must be conducted every four years from the date of the last election. An election may also take place if the governing party loses the confidence of the legislature by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.[3]

Before 1903, British Columbia did not use a party system; instead, Premiers of British Columbia had no official party affiliation and were chosen by elected members of the Legislative Assembly from among themselves. Candidates ran as "Government", "Opposition", "Independent", or in formulations such as "Opposition independent", indicating their respective positions to the incumbent regime.

British Columbia has had 34 individuals serve as premier since joining Confederation, of which 14 individuals had no party affiliation, three were Conservatives, eight were Liberals, four were Socreds, and five were New Democrats. The first Premier was John Foster McCreight, who was inaugurated in 1871. Joseph Martin spent the shortest time in office at 106 days. At over twenty years, W. A. C. Bennett spent the longest time in office, and is the only Premier to serve in more than four Parliaments. The incumbent Premier is Christy Clark, who was designated February 26, 2011 after being elected leader by members of the ruling party after her predecessor, Gordon Campbell, who resigned due to public reactions to his policies.

Premiers of British Columbia[edit]

      No party affiliation       British Columbia Conservative Party       British Columbia Liberal Party       British Columbia Social Credit Party       British Columbia New Democratic Party

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
District
Term of office Electoral mandates (Assembly) Political party
1
McCreight.JPG
John Foster McCreight
(1827–1913)
MLA for Victoria City
14 November
1871
23 December
1872
no party affiliation
2
Amor de Cosmos 2a.png
Amor De Cosmos
(1825–1897)
MLA for Victoria
23 December
1872
9 February
1874
no party affiliation
3
(1 of 2)
George Anthony Walkem.jpg
George Anthony Walkem
(1834–1908)
MLA for Cariboo
11 February
1874
29 January
1876
no party affiliation
4
Andrew Charles Elliott.jpg
Andrew Charles Elliott
(1829–1889)
MLA for Victoria City
1 February
1876
25 June
1878
no party affiliation
5
(2 of 2)
George Anthony Walkem.jpg
George Anthony Walkem
(1834–1908)
MLA for Cariboo
25 June
1878
6 June
1882
no party affiliation
6
Beaven r.jpg
Robert Beaven
(1836–1920)
MLA for Victoria City
13 June
1882
29 January
1883
no party affiliation
7
Smithe.jpg
William Smithe
(1842–1887)
MLA for Cowichan
29 January
1883
28 March
1887
no party affiliation
died in office
8
Alexander Edmund Batson Davie.png
Alexander Edmund Batson Davie
(1847–1889)
MLA for Lillooet
1 April
1887
1 August
1889
no party affiliation
died in office
9
John Robson.jpg
John Robson
(1824–1892)
MLA for New Westminster (until 1890)
MLA for Cariboo (from 1890)
2 August
1889
29 June
1892
no party affiliation
In the 1890 election he also won the seat in the riding of Westminster, but turned it down. died in office
10
Theodore Davie.jpg
Theodore Davie
(1852–1898)
MLA for Cowichan-Alberni
2 July
1892
2 March
1895
no party affiliation
11
John Herbert Turner.png
John Herbert Turner
(1834–1923)
MLA for Victoria City
4 March
1895
8 August
1898
no party affiliation
12
Charles Semlin.png
Charles Augustus Semlin
(1836–1927)
MLA for Yale-West
15 August
1898
27 February
1900
no party affiliation
13
Joseph Martin.png
Joseph Martin
(1852–1923)
MLA for Vancouver City
28 February
1900
14 June
1900
no party affiliation
Immediately lost a vote of non-confidence 28-1 upon being appointed, but formed a cabinet and governed for another three months anyway.
14
James Dunsmuir.jpg
James Dunsmuir
(1851–1920)
MLA for South Nanaimo
15 June
1900
21 November
1902
no party affiliation
15
Edward Gawler Prior.jpg
Edward Gawler Prior
(1853–1920)
MLA for Victoria City
21 November
1902
1 June
1903
 (9th Parliament) no party affiliation
16
Richard McBride.jpg
Richard McBride
(1870–1917)
MLA for Westminster-Dewdney (until 1903)
MLA for Dewdney (1903-1907)
MLA for Victoria City (from 1907)
1 June
1903
15 December
1915
 (9th Parliament)
Conservative Party
Named leader in 1903
In the 1907 election he also won the seat in the riding of Dewdney, but turned it down. In the 1909 election he also won the seat in the riding of Yale, but turned it down.
17
William John Bowser.jpg
William John Bowser
(1867–1933)
MLA for Vancouver City
15 December
1915
23 November
1916
 (13th Parliament) Conservative Party
Named leader in 1915
18
Harlan Carey Brewster.jpg
Harlan Carey Brewster
(1870–1918)
MLA for Victoria City
23 November
1916
1 March
1918
Liberal Party
Named leader in 1912
In the 1916 election he also won the seat in the riding of Alberni, but turned it down. died in office
19
JohnOliver.jpg
John Oliver
(1856–1927)
MLA for Dewdney (until 1920)
MLA for Victoria City (1920-1924)
MLA for Nelson (from 1924)
6 March
1918
17 August
1927
Liberal Party
Named leader in 1918
In the 1920 election he also won the seat in the riding of Delta, but turned it down. died in office
20
No image.svg
John Duncan MacLean
(1873–1948)
MLA for Yale
20 August
1927
20 August
1928
Liberal Party
Named leader in 1927
21
Simon Fraser Tolmie.png
Simon Fraser Tolmie
(1867–1937)
MLA for Saanich
21 August
1928
15 November
1933
Conservative Party
Named leader in 1926
22
Thomas Dufferin Pattullo.jpg
Thomas Dufferin Pattullo
(1873–1956)
MLA for Prince Rupert
15 November
1933
9 December
1941
Liberal Party
Named leader in 1929
23
No image.svg
John Hart
(1879–1957)
MLA for Victoria City
9 December
1941
29 December
1947
Liberal Party (Coalition)
Named leader in 1941
24
Byron Johnson.jpg
Boss Johnson
(1890–1964)
MLA for New Westminster
29 December
1947
1 August
1952
Liberal Party (Coalition)
Named leader in 1947
25
No image.svg
W. A. C. Bennett
(1900–1979)
MLA for South Okanagan
1 August
1952
15 September
1972
Social Credit Party
26
No image.svg
Dave Barrett
(b. 1930)
MLA for Coquitlam
15 September
1972
22 December
1975
New Democratic Party
Named leader in 1970
27
No image.svg
Bill Bennett
(b. 1932)
MLA for South Okanagan (until 1979)
MLA for Okanagan South (from 1979)
22 December
1975
6 August
1986
Social Credit Party
Named leader in 1973
28
No image.svg
Bill Vander Zalm
(b. 1934)
MLA for Richmond
6 August
1986
2 April
1991
Social Credit Party
Named leader in 1986
29
No image.svg
Rita Johnston
(b. 1935)
MLA for Surrey-Newton
2 April
1991
5 November
1991
Social Credit Party
Named leader in 1991
30
Mike Harcourt.jpg
Mike Harcourt
(b. 1943)
MLA for Vancouver-Mount Pleasant
5 November
1991
22 February
1996
New Democratic Party
Named leader in 1987
31
Glen Clark 2011 NDP convention crop.jpg
Glen Clark
(b. 1957)
MLA for Vancouver-Kingsway
22 February
1996
25 August
1999
New Democratic Party
Named leader in 1996
32
No image.svg
Dan Miller
(b. 1944)
MLA for North Coast
25 August
1999
24 February
2000
New Democratic Party
Named leader in 1999 (interim)
33
Ujjal Dosanjh2011.JPG
Ujjal Dosanjh
(b. 1947)
MLA for Vancouver-Kensington
24 February
2000
5 June
2001
New Democratic Party
Named leader in 2000
34
Gordon Campbell.jpg
Gordon Campbell
(b. 1948)
MLA for Vancouver-Point Grey
5 June
2001
14 March
2011
Liberal Party
Named leader in 1993
35
Christy Clark.jpg
Christy Clark
(b. 1965)
MLA for Vancouver-Point Grey (until 2013)
MLA for Westside-Kelowna (from 2013)
14 March
2011
Liberal Party
Named leader in 2011
Min. Minority government
Co. Coalition government

Living former premiers[edit]

As of November 2012, nine former premiers are alive, the oldest being Dave Barrett (1972–1975, born 1930). The most recent former premier to die was W. A. C. Bennett (1952–1972), on February 23, 1979.

Name Term Date of birth
Dave Barrett 1972–1975 (1930-10-02) October 2, 1930 (age 83)
Bill Bennett 1975–1986 (1932-08-18) August 18, 1932 (age 81)
Bill Vander Zalm 1986–1991 (1934-05-29) May 29, 1934 (age 79)
Rita Johnston 1991 (1935-04-22) April 22, 1935 (age 78)
Mike Harcourt 1991–1996 (1943-01-06) January 6, 1943 (age 71)
Glen Clark 1996–1999 (1957-11-22) November 22, 1957 (age 56)
Dan Miller 1999–2000 (1944-12-24) December 24, 1944 (age 69)
Ujjal Dosanjh 2000–2001 (1947-09-09) September 9, 1947 (age 66)
Gordon Campbell 2001–2011 (1948-01-12) January 12, 1948 (age 66)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "History and Heritage of British Columbia". BritishColumbia.com. Shangaan Webservices. Archived from the original on 2 November 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2008. 
  2. ^ "British Columbia – Canadian Confederation". Library and Archives Canada. 9 August 2006. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "The Office of the Lieutenant-Governor and the Legislature – Province of British Columbia". Province of British Columbia. Retrieved 5 November 2008.