List of presidents of Russia

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This is a list of presidents of the Russian Federation since 1992. The institution of presidency in Russia was planned in 1918 after the February Revolution and was introduced after the referendum in 1991.[1] During the Soviet period of history Russia was de-jure headed by collective bodies such as the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, since the Soviet theory of government denied the very necessity of the presidential office. The office of the President of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1990 during Mikhail Gorbachev's unsuccessful reforms of the Soviet Union's one-party communist state. Gorbachev became first and last president of the Union.[2] His tenure was marked by the legal and political confrontation with Russia and other republics of the USSR which eventually led to their full independence in late 1991.


  Nonpartisan (2)   United Russia (2)
Portrait President Term of office Term Previous office Prime Minister
Борис Николаевич Ельцин.jpg
Boris Yeltsin
Борис Ельцин
Yeltsin signature.svg
10 July 1991[note 1]31 December 1999
(resigned from office)
(8 years, 174 days)
[note 2]
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Russia
I. Silayev
V. Chernomyrdin
S. Kiriyenko
Y. Primakov
S. Stepashin
V. Putin
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin.jpg
Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
Born 1952
(age 69)
Putin signature.svg
7 May 20007 May 2008
(acting from 31 December 1999)
(8 years, 128 days)
Prime Minister of Russia
M. Kasyanov
M. Fradkov
V. Zubkov
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev.jpg
Dmitry Medvedev
Дмитрий Медведев
Born 1965
(age 57)
Signature of Dmitry Medvedev.svg
7 May 20087 May 2012
(4 years, 0 days)
First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
V. Putin
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (2nd Presidency).jpg
Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
Born 1952
(age 69)
Putin signature.svg
7 May 2012Present
(10 years, 140 days)
Prime Minister of Russia
Himself[note 3]
D. Medvedev
M. Mishustin

Acting presidents[edit]

  Nonpartisan   NDR   Unity

Image Acting President Term of office Main post Notes
Evstafiev-alexander-rutskoy-w.jpg Alexander Rutskoy
Александр Руцкой
Born 1947
(age 75)
22 September 1993 – 4 October 1993 Vice President Acting president during the 1993 constitutional crisis.
His powers were not recognized by Boris Yeltsin.
ЧЕРНОМЫРДИН Виктор Степанович.jpg Viktor Chernomyrdin
Виктор Черномырдин
(aged 72)
5 November 1996 – 6 November 1996 Prime Minister Acting president during Boris Yeltsin's heart surgery.
Vladimir Putin 17 July 2000-1.jpg Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
Born 1952
(age 69)
31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000 Prime Minister Acting president after Yeltsin's early resignation.


Vladimir PutinDmitry MedvedevViktor ChernomyrdinAlexander RutskoyBoris Yeltsin

Subsequent public service[edit]

Two presidents held other high offices after leaving the presidency.

President Presidency Subsequent service
Vladimir Putin 2000–2008 Prime Minister (2008–2012)
President (2012–present)
Dmitry Medvedev 2008–2012 Prime Minister (2012–2020)
Deputy Chairman of the Security Council (2020–present)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ As president of the Russian SFSR as part of the Soviet Union.
  2. ^ Continued to serve his first term until 1996 despite adopting a new constitution after a military conflict with the parliament in 1993.
  3. ^ Before May 8, 2012, In May 7, 2012, Vladimir Putin inaugurated, but remained without prime minister


  1. ^ Aluf, I. A. (1979). February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution of 1917. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). The Gale Group, Inc.
  2. ^ "End of the Soviet Union: Text of Gorbachev's Farewell Address". The New York Times. 26 December 1991. Retrieved 27 December 2019.

External links[edit]