List of presidents of Russia

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This is a list of presidents of the Russian Federation after 1991. The institution of presidency in Russia was planned in 1918 after the February Revolution and once again in 1990 during Mikhail Gorbachev's unsuccessful reforms of Soviet Union's one-party authoritarian system.

Presidents[edit]

Portrait President Term of office Term Previous office Prime Minister(s)
  Nonpartisan (2)   United Russia (2)
Борис Николаевич Ельцин.jpg
Boris Yeltsin
Борис Ельцин
(presidency)
1931–2007
(aged 76)
Yeltsin signature.svg
10 July 1991[note 1]31 December 1999
(resigned from office)
1
(1991)
[note 2]
People's Deputy of Russia
(1990–1991)
Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of Russia
(1990–1991)
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Russia
(1990–1991)
I. Silayev
Himself
V. Chernomyrdin
2
(1996)
S. Kiriyenko
Y. Primakov
S. Stepashin
V. Putin
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin.jpg
Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
(presidency)
Born 1952
(age 68)
Putin signature.svg
31 December 19997 May 2008
(acting until 7 May 2000)
1
(2000)
Prime Minister of Russia
(1999–2000)
Himself
M. Kasyanov
M. Fradkov
2
(2004)
V. Zubkov
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev.jpg
Dmitry Medvedev
Дмитрий Медведев
(presidency)
Born 1965
(age 55)
Signature of Dmitry Medvedev.svg
7 May 20087 May 2012 1
(2008)
First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
(2005–2008)
V. Putin
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (2nd Presidency).jpg
Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
Born 1952
(age 68)
Putin signature.svg
7 May 2012Incumbent
(term expires 7 May 2024)
3
(2012)
Prime Minister of Russia
(2008–2012)
D. Medvedev
4
(2018)
M. Mishustin

Acting Presidents[edit]

Acting President Term of office Main post Notes

  Nonpartisan   NDR   Unity

Evstafiev-alexander-rutskoy-w.jpg Alexander Rutskoy
Александр Руцкой
Born 1947
(age 73)
22 September 1993 – 4 October 1993 Vice President Acting president during the 1993 constitutional crisis.
His powers were not recognized by Boris Yeltsin.
ЧЕРНОМЫРДИН Виктор Степанович.jpg Viktor Chernomyrdin
Виктор Черномырдин
1938–2010
(aged 72)
5 November 1996 – 6 November 1996 Prime Minister Acting president during Boris Yeltsin's heart surgery.
Vladimir Putin 17 July 2000-1.jpg Vladimir Putin
Владимир Путин
Born 1952
(age 68)
31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000 Prime Minister Acting president after Yeltsin's early resignation.

Timeline[edit]

Dmitry MedvedevVladimir PutinViktor ChernomyrdinAlexander RutskoyBoris Yeltsin

Subsequent public service[edit]

Two presidents held other high offices after leaving the presidency.

President Presidency Subsequent service
Vladimir Putin 2000–2008 Prime Minister (2008–2012)
President (2012–present)
Dmitry Medvedev 2008–2012 Prime Minister (2012–2020)
Deputy Chairman of the Security Council (2020–present)

Living former presidents[edit]

As of May 2021, there is only one living former de jure president and one former acting president. The most recent death of a former de jure president was that of Boris Yeltsin (1991–1999) on 23 April 2007, aged 76 and the most recent death of a former acting president was that of Viktor Chernomyrdin (1996) on 3 November 2010, aged 72. Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the Soviet Union, is also living.

List by age[edit]

No. President Born Age at start or presidency

(first term)

Age at end or presidency

(last term)

Post-presidency timespan Date of death Life span
1 Boris Yeltsin Feb 1, 1931 60 years, 159 days 68 years, 333 days 7 years, 113 days Apr 23, 2007 76 years, 81 days
2 Vladimir Putin Oct 7, 1952 47 years, 213 days 55 years, 213 days 4 years[1] (living) 68 years, 223 days
3 Dmitry Medvedev Sep 14, 1965 42 years, 236 days 46 years, 236 days 9 years, 6 days (living) 55 years, 241 days
4 Vladimir Putin Oct 7, 1952 59 years, 213 days 68 years, 218 days(incumbent) 68 years, 218 days(incumbent) (living) 68 years, 223 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ As president of the Russian SFSR as part of the Soviet Union.
  2. ^ Continued to serve his first term until 1996 despite adopting a new constitution after a military conflict with the parliament in 1993.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Putin was president for 2 nonconsecutive terms; this is his post presidency retirement counting from ending his second term in 2008 to beginning his third term in 2012.

External links[edit]