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List of heads of state of South Sudan

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President of the
Republic of South Sudan
Flag of the President of South Sudan.svg
Salva Kiir Mayardit.jpg
Incumbent
Salva Kiir Mayardit

since 9 July 2011
Term length4 years[1]
Formation9 July 2011
First holderSalva Kiir Mayardit
DeputyVice President of South Sudan
Salary60,000 USD annually[2]
Websitewww.goss.org/index.php/presidency
Coat of arms of South Sudan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Sudan
Constitution

This article lists the heads of state of South Sudan since the establishment of the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region within Sudan in 1972.

History of the office

The region of Southern Sudan (currently the independent republic of South Sudan) became autonomous for the first time, within Sudan, in 1972, through the Addis Ababa Agreement, and its local government had five presidents until 1983, when the Sudanese central government revoked the autonomy. Autonomy was gained again in 2005, through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement meant to end the Second Sudanese Civil War, and the position of president of Southern Sudan was restored. Then, on 9 July 2011, South Sudan became independent and a new constitution was adopted.[1]

Titles of heads of state

  • 1972–1983: President of the High Executive Council
  • 2005–2011: President of the Government
  • 2011–present: President

Heads of State of South Sudan (1972–present)

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Southern Sudan Autonomous Region (1972–1983)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Elected
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Abel Alier
Abel Alier
(born 1933)
6 April 1972February 19785 years, 9 monthsSF
2
Joseph Lagu
Joseph Lagu
(born 1931)
February 197812 July 19791 year, 5 monthsSANU
3
Peter Gatkuoth
Peter Gatkuoth
(1938–2010)
12 July 197930 May 1980323 daysIndependent
(1)
Abel Alier
Abel Alier
(born 1933)
30 May 19805 October 19811 year, 128 daysSF
4
Gismalla Abdalla Rassas
Gismalla Abdalla Rassas
(1932–2013)
5 October 198123 June 1982261 daysIndependent
5
Joseph James Tombura
Joseph James Tombura
(1929–1992)
23 June 19825 June 1983347 daysSANU
Autonomy abolished (5 June 1983 – 9 July 2005)

Southern Sudan Autonomous Region (2005–2011)

6
John Garang
John Garang
(1945–2005)
[a]
9 July 200530 July 2005 †21 daysSPLM
Salva Kiir Mayardit
Salva Kiir Mayardit
(born 1951)
Acting
30 July 200511 August 200549 daysSPLM
7
Salva Kiir Mayardit
Salva Kiir Mayardit
(born 1951)
11 August 20059 July 20115 years, 332 daysSPLM2010

Republic of South Sudan (2011–present)

(7)
Salva Kiir Mayardit
Salva Kiir Mayardit
(born 1951)
9 July 2011Incumbent9 years, 3 daysSPLM

Note: The President of South Sudan was also First Vice President of the Sudanese national government until 9 July 2011.

Latest election

Candidate Party Votes %
Salva Kiir Sudan People's Liberation Movement 2,616,613 92.99%
Lam Akol Sudan People's Liberation Movement - Democratic Change 197,217 7.01%
Total 2,813,830 100.00%
Sources: Sudan Tribune

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Died in a crash of the Ugandan Mil Mi-17 presidential helicopter.

References

  1. ^ a b "South Sudan to adopt new constitution, claims Abyei". af.reuters.com. Retrieved 2015-08-31.
  2. ^ "Kiir, Machar acquire millions as conflict rages in S Sudan - Daily Nation". www.nation.co.ke.

External links