List of prisons in Australia
This is a list of operational and former Australian prisons for adult males and females and youth detention centres for juveniles. Prisons listed as "museum" are former prisons that are now open for public inspection and tours.
Throughout the European history of Australia, particularly since its formation as a penal colony, Australia has had many establishments for rehabilitation and incarceration. Altogether, there have been more than 180+ rehabilitation centres, youth correctional centres and prisons in Australia.
Australian Capital Territory
A new prison was opened on 11 September 2008 at Symonston, called the Alexander Maconochie Centre, named after Alexander Maconochie. The centre is designed as a multi role facility to replace the Belconnen Remand Centre and provide detention facilities so that prisoners who are currently held in New South Wales facilities may be held locally.
|Prisons in the Australian Capital Territory|
|Alexander Maconochie Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum||ACT Corrective Services||11 September 2008||No||300||Hume|
|Belconnen Remand Centre||Closed||Maximum
Demolished in 2015-2016
|ACT Corrective Services||1986||30 April 2009||60||Belconnen|
|Bimberi Youth Justice Centre||Operational||ACT Department of Disability, Housing and Community Services||3 September 2008||No||40||Mitchell|
|Periodic Detention Centre||Operational||Minimum||ACT Corrective Services||1962||No||49||Symonston|
|Symonston Correctional Centre||Operational||ACT Corrective Services||?||No||22||Symonston|
New South Wales
|Prisons in New South Wales|
|Acmena Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||1998||?||?||Grafton|
|Albury Gaol||Closed||Demolished in 1947||n/a||14 August 1874||4 June 1943||?||Albury|
|Armidale Gaol||Closed||Demolished in 1929||n/a||14 August 1874||25 June 1920||?||Armidale|
|Balranald Gaol||Museum||?||n/a||25 August 1887||1 August 1932||?||Balranald|
|Bathurst Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum||Corrective Services NSW||14 August 1874||n/a||650||Bathurst|
|Bega Gaol||Closed||?||n/a||14 August 1874||1 May 1940||?||Bega|
|Old Berrima Gaol||Operational||Minimum||Corrective Services NSW||1839
|Berrima Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||Corrective Services NSW||1949||n/a||75||Berrima|
|Biloela Gaol (Convict Precinct)||Events venue||?||Sydney Harbour Federation Trust||June 1888||1908||?||Cockatoo Island|
|Bombala Gaol||Closed||Most probably demolished||n/a||26 January 1892||30 November 1939||?||Bombala|
|Braidwood Gaol||Closed||In state of ruins||n/a||14 August 1874||16 August 1909||?||Braidwood|
|Brewarrina (Yetta Dhinnakkal) Centre||Operational||Minimum||Corrective Services NSW||2000||n/a||70||Brewarrina|
|Broken Hill Correctional Centre
(initially as Silverton Gaol)
|Operational||Medium||12 May 1891||n/a||89||Broken Hill|
|Broken Hill Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||?||?||?||Broken Hill|
|Burrowa Gaol (or maybe Boorowa Gaol)||Closed||?||n/a||1 January 1889||5 December 1904||?||Boorowa|
|Cessnock Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum||Correctional Services NSW||1972||n/a||750||Cessnock|
|Cobham Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||?||?||?||St Marys|
|Condobolin Gaol||Closed||?||n/a||13 January 1902||1 December 1905||?||Condobolin|
|Cooma Correctional Centre||Operational+ museum||Minimum to medium
(males and females)
|Corrective Services NSW||1 November 1873 a||n/a a||160||Cooma|
|Coonabarabran Gaol||Closed||?||n/a||2 October 1878||1 January 1903||?||Coonabarabran|
|Cootamundra Gaol||Closed||?||n/a||25 November 1886||31 August 1935||?||Cootamundra|
|Darlinghurst Gaol||Closed||?||National Art School||1822||1914||?||Darlinghurst|
|Defence Force Correctional Establishment||Operational||?||Australian Defence Force||1989||n/a||22||Holsworthy Barracks|
|Deniliquin Gaol||Closed||Demolished in 1966||n/a||14 August 1874||15 November 1935||?||Deniliquin|
|Dillwynia Women's Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum/ medium||Corrective Services NSW||204||n/a||200||Windsor|
|Dubbo Gaol||Museum & events venue||?||Commonwealth of Australia||1847||26 August 1966||?||Dubbo|
|Emu Plains Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||Corrective Services NSW||December 1914||n/a||190||Emu Plains|
|Fort Denison||Museum||Maximum||National Parks and Wildlife Service||1788||1838||?||Sydney Harbour|
|Frank Baxter Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||?||?||?||Kariong|
|Glen Innes Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||Corrective Services NSW||15 August 1928||n/a||95||Glen Innes|
|Goulburn Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum; supermax||14 August 1874||n/a||650||Goulburn|
|Grafton Correctional Centre||Operational||Medium||14 August 1974||n/a||270||Grafton|
|Grenfell Gaol||Closed||?||1 January 1877||1 January 1905||?||Grenfell|
|Hay Gaol||Closed||Museum, picnic ground and events venue||14 August 1874||31 October 1947||?||Hay|
|Ivanhoe (Warakirri) Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||2000||n/a||50||Ivanhoe|
|John Morony Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum||1991||n/a||400||Windsor|
|Junee Correctional Centre||Operational||Medium||GEO Group Australia||1993||n/a||790 adult males||Junee|
|Juniperina Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||2005||n/a||?||Lidcombe|
|Kariong Youth Correctional Centre||Operational||?||Corrective Services NSW||1991||n/a||100||Kariong|
|Keelong Juvenile Justice Centre||Closed||Youth centre||Juvenile Justice NSW||1978||2009||?||Unanderra|
(opened as West Kempsey Gaol)
|Closed||Most likely demolished||n/a||1 January 1884||31 December 1941||West Kempsey|
|Kirkconnell Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||Corrective Services NSW||28 November 1958||No||250||Sunny Corner|
|Leslie Nott Afforestation Camp, Laurel Hill||Closed||Minimum||n/a||18 March 1957||23 June 1995||?||Laurel Hill|
|Lithgow Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Corrective Services NSW||1990||n/a||460||Lithgow|
|Long Bay Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||1909||n/a||1,100||Sydney|
|Maitland Gaol b||Museum||Maximum||1848||28 January 1998||400||Maitland|
|Mannus Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||1930||n/a||164||Tumbarumba|
|Metropolitan Remand and Reception Centre (MRRC)||Operational||Maximum||1997||n/a||1,050||Silverwater|
|Mid North Coast Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to medium||2004||n/a||500||Aldavilla|
|Mudgee Gaol||Closed||Most likely demolished||14 August 1874||11 August 1909||Mudgee|
|Narrabri Gaol||Museum||?||Narrabri Historical Society||1880-1882||2 November 1982||Narrabri|
|Oberon Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||1930||n/a||100||Oberon|
|Orana Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||2000||?||45||Dubbo|
|Parklea Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum & a minimum area||GEO Group Australia||1983||n/a||893||Parklea|
|Parramatta Correctional Centre||Museum||Medium||?||1798||2011||580||Parramatta|
|Port Macquarie Gaol||Closed||Demolished||n/a||Between 1837 and 1840||1920||Port Macquarie|
|Reiby Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||?||?||?||Airds|
|Riverina Juvenile Justice Centre||Operational||?||1984||?||33||Wagga Wagga|
|Silverwater Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||Corrective Services NSW||?||n/a||?||Silverwater|
|Silverwater Women's Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||1970||n/a||200||Silverwater|
|South Coast Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to Maximum||2010||n/a||549||Nowra Hill|
|St Heliers Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||1990||n/a||280||Muswellbrook|
|Tamworth Correctional Centre||Operational||Medium||1991||n/a||90||Tamworth|
|Taree Gaol||Closed||Demolished||15 December 1884||31 October 1940||Taree|
|Trial Bay Gaol||Museum||?||1886||1918||Arakoon|
|Tuncurry Afforestation Camp||Closed||Demolished||26 October 1913||1 April 1938||Tuncurry|
|Wagga Wagga Gaol||Closed||Demolished in 1919||1863||11 August 1909||Wagga Wagga|
|Wellington Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Corrective Services NSW||2007||n/a||700||Wellington|
|Wentworth Gaol||School then to Museum||?||n/a||Built in 1879-1881||1927||Wentworth|
|Windsor Gaol||Closed||Demolished in 1936||n/a||14 August 1874||17 January 1899||Windsor|
|Wollongong Gaol||Closed||Demolished after WWI||n/a||14 August 1874||31 October 1915||Wollongong|
|Wyalong Gaol||Closed||Most probably demolished||n/a||1 February 1899||16 August 1909||Wyalong|
|Yarrangobilly Gaol||Closed||?||n/a||2 November 1966||21 July 1993||Yarrangobilly|
|Yasmar Juvenile Justice Centre||Closed||?||Juvenile Justice NSW||1981||2006||36||Ashfield|
|Yass Gaol||Closed||Most probably demolished||n/a||1 September 1883||16 August 1909||Yass|
|Young Gaol||Closed||Much of the gaol was demolished in 1934 and the remains (mainly the arched gateway) were incorporated into Young's new technical college.||n/a||14 August 1874||1 August 1923||Young|
- ^a Cooma commenced operations on 1 November 1873 with 31 cells. In 1876 it was reduced to a Police Gaol and then a temporary Lunatic Asylum in 1877. The Centre closed temporarily in the early 1900s. The Gaol reopened on 8 March 1957 and was again closed 10 July 1998. Cooma Correctional Centre reopened for the second time in November 2001.
- ^b Maitland, now closed, had capacity for 400 inmates at its peak.
|Prisons in the Northern Territory|
|Alice Springs Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Northern Territory Correctional Services||1996||–||470||Alice Springs|
|Alice Springs Juvenile Holding Centre||Operational||Maximum||September 1998||–||10||Alice Springs|
|Berrimah Prison||Operational||Maximum||1 September 1979||–||750||Darwin|
|Don Dale Juvenile Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||1989||–||38||Berrimah|
|Darwin Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum||September 2014||–||1000||Holtze|
|Fannie Bay Gaol||Museum||Maximum||Department of Community Development, Sport & Cultural Affairs||20 September 1883||1 September 1979||?||Darwin|
|Wildman River Wilderness Work Camp||Operational||Minimum||Northern Territory Correctional Services||1980s||20||Wildman River|
|Prisons in Queensland|
|Arthur Gorrie Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||GEO Group Australia||1992||–||890||Wacol|
|Boggo Road Gaol||Museum+ events venue+||Maximum||Now operating as a museum||July 1883||15 June 1992||?||Brisbane|
|Borallon Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Queensland Corrective Services||17 November 1989 & reopened on 07 March 2016||initially closed 25 January 2012||494||Borallon|
|Brisbane Correctional Centre
(formerly known as Sir David Longland Correctional Centre)
|Operational||Maximum||Queensland Corrective Services||2008||–||600||Wacol|
|Brisbane Women's Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Queensland Corrective Services||June 1999||–||270||Wacol|
|Brisbane Youth Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department of Communities||2001||–||105||Wacol|
|Cairns Gaol||Closed||Demolished||Prison Department||8 September 1897||7 April 1926||-||Cairns|
|Capricornia Correctional Centre||Operational||High security/Low security centres||Queensland Corrective Services||12 September 2001||–||500||Rockhampton|
|Cleveland Youth Detention Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department of Communities||1980||–||100||Townsville|
|Darling Downs Correctional Centre||Closed||Low/Open||Queensland Corrective Services||10 December 1994||30 September 2012||170||Westbrook|
|Ingham Gaol||Closed||Demolished||Prisons Department||1885||6 August 1924||-||Ingham|
|John Oxley Youth Detention Centre||Closed||Maximum||Department of Communities||1987||2001||–||Wacol|
|Lotus Glen Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Queensland Corrective Services||29 May 1989||–||500||Mareeba|
|Maryborough Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Queensland Corrective Services||14 October 2002||–||500||Maryborough|
|Numinbah Correctional Centre||Operational||Low/Open||Queensland Corrective Services||28 October 1940||–||129||Numinbah|
|Palen Creek Correctional Centre||Operational||Low/Open/Protection||Queensland Corrective Services||6 December 1934||–||170||Rathdowney|
|Rockhampton Correctional Centre
(formerly known as Etna Creek Prison)
|Closed||High||Queensland Corrective Services||1969||September 2001||Rockhampton|
|Roma Gaol||Closed||Demolished||Prison Department||7 December 1872||3 October 1903||-||Roma|
|Sir Leslie Wilson Youth Detention Centre||Closed||Maximum||Department of Communities||1961||2001||–||Windsor|
|Southern Queensland Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum||Serco||3 March 2012||–||300||Gatton|
|St. Helena Penal Establishment||Closed||Ruins||N/A||14 May 1867||December 1932||–||Brisbane|
|Stone River Prison Farm||Closed||Demolished||Prison Department||December 1945||8 March 1962||-||Ingham|
|Townsville Correctional Centre
(formerly known as H.M.P.E. Stewart's Creek)
|Operational||Maximum||Queensland Corrective Services||6 April 1893||–||494||Townsville|
|Whitenbah Prison Farm||Closed||Demolished||Prison Department||21 October 1942||3 May 1949||-||Numinbah|
|Wolston Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||GEO||June 1999||–||600||Wacol|
|Woodford Correctional Centre||Operational||Maximum||Queensland Corrective Services||28 September 1973||–||1008||Woodford|
|Prisons in South Australia|
|Adelaide Gaol||Museum||Maximum||Department for Correctional Services||1841||1988||||Adelaide|
|Adelaide Pre-Release Centre||Operational||Minimum||Department for Correctional Services||?||-||104||Adelaide|
|Adelaide Remand Centre||Operational||Maximum||Department for Correctional Services||1986||-||274||Adelaide|
|Adelaide Women's Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum||Department for Correctional Services||1969||-||176||Adelaide|
|Cadell Training Centre||Operational||Minimum||Department for Correctional Services||1960||-||204||Morgan|
|Gladstone Gaol||Museum||Minimum||Department for Correctional Services||1881||1975||86||Gladstone|
|Kyeema Prison Camp||Demolished||Minimum||Gaols and Prisons Department||1932||1959||Kyeema|
|Magill Youth Training Centre||Closed||Minimum||Department for Communities and Social Inclusion||1869||2012||Magill|
|Mobilong Prison||Operational||Minimum to medium||Department for Correctional Services||1987||-||472||Murray Bridge|
|Mount Gambier Gaol||Boarding hostel||1866||1995||Mount Gambier|
|Mount Gambier Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum||G4S||1995||-||503||Moorak|
|Port Augusta Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum||Department for Correctional Services||1869||-||624||Port Augusta|
|Port Lincoln Prison||Operational||Minimum to medium||Department for Correctional Services||?||-||176||Port Lincoln|
|Yatala Labour Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum; Supermax||Department for Correctional Services||1854||-||578||Adelaide|
|Prisons in Tasmania|
|Ashley Youth Detention Centre||Operational||Juvenile males and females||Department of Health and Human Services||1922||51||Deloraine|
|Campbell Street Gaol||Closed||Museum||As a museum by the National Trust of Australia||1821||1963||||Hobart|
|Cascades Female Factory||Closed: Ruins||Museum, World Heritage Site||Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority||1828||1856||?||South Hobart|
|George Town Female Factory||Demolished||?||?||1822||1834||?||?|
|HM Hayes Prison Farm||Closed and sold. Not demolished as per latest google earth accessed 1st July 2018.||Minimum (open farm)||Tasmanian Prison Service||1937||2012||70||Hayes|
|Hobart Town Female Factory||Closed||Demolished||?||1821||1828||?||Hobart|
|Hobart Reception Centre||Operational||Maximum (males and females)||Tasmanian Prison Service||1999||50||Hobart|
|Launceston Female Factory||Closed||Demolished||?||November 1834||1855 and was converted to a Gaol till 1914||?||Launceston|
|Launceston Reception Centre||Operational||Maximum (males and females)||Tasmanian Prison Service||circa 1839||33||Launceston|
|Macquarie Harbour Penal Station||Closed||Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area||Parks & Wildlife Service (Tasmania)||1822||1833||?||Sarah Island|
|Maria Island Penal colony (Darlington)||Closed||Ruins||1825||1850||?||Maria Island|
|Mary Hutchinson Women's Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum||Tasmanian Prison Service
Department of Health and Human Services (Wilfred Lopes Centre)
|Port Arthur||Closed||Ruins||Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority||1830||1877||Port Arthur|
|Risdon Prison Complex
(incorporating the Ron Barwick Minimum Security Prison
and the Wilfred Lopes Centre for Forensic Mental Health)
|Operational||Medium to maximum/Supermax||Tasmanian Prison Service
Department of Health and Human Services (Wilfred Lopes Centre)
|November 1960 and
|Ross Female Factory||Museum||Partly ruins||1833||1854||?||Ross|
|Saltwater River Penal colony||Closed||Ruins||1833||1848||?||Saltwater River|
Adult Prisons and correctional facilities in Victoria are managed by Corrections Victoria. Two prisons are privatised and managed by G4S Australia Pty. Limited and GEO Group Australia Pty. Limited. Youth detention centres are managed by the Department of Human Services.
Victorian Prisons are mostly located in regional Victoria. The prison system is relatively modern with the closure of the last of the "old" gaols in 2005. Bendigo and Won Wron were the last to be closed. Beechworth Prison was closed in 2004 and replaced with the Beechworth Correctional Centre the following year. New prisons are[when?] being built or planned at Ararat and Ravenhall. Many prisons have had recent[when?] expansions in terms of bed numbers.
At 30 June 2015 there were 4,769 sentenced prisoners and 1,413 unsentenced prisoners in Victoria, thus making a total of 6,182 prisoners. From those 6,182 prisoners, 5,762 were males (93%) and 420 were females (7%). Those numbers also include 480 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners, making them 8% of the total number of prisoners in Victoria.
In 2015, the average male prisoner in Victoria was:
- 35.5 years old
- born in Australia
- did not complete high school
- a history of alcohol and drug abuse
- single and unemployed at the time he entered the prison system
- sentence of three years in a medium security prison
- more likely than not to have been imprisoned previously
In 2015, the average female prisoner in Victoria was:
- 36 years old
- born in Australia
- single or in a de facto relationship
- likely to be a mother/primary care giver
- unemployed, home duties or on a pension before prison
- has a higher level of education than her male counterpart but still failed to complete high school
- sentence of less than two years
- likely to be in prison for the first time
At 30 June 2015, the total operational capacity for Victorian prisons was 7,093 and had a utilisation rate of 90.5%.
|Prisons in Victoria|
|Acheron Boys Home||Operational||Minimum (juveniles)||Youth Justice Custodial Services||circa 1966||10||Buxton|
|Ashendene Boys Home||Closed||Juveniles||Family Welfare Division of the Social Welfare Department||1966||November 1988||?||Olinda|
|Ballarat Gaol||Closed. Mostly demolished except The main gate, warden's residence, governor's residence and the guard tower||Maximum (males and females)||Corrections Victoria||1862||1965||||Ballarat|
|Beechworth Correctional Centre||Operational||Minimum||Corrections Victoria||2005||120||Beechworth|
|Old Beechworth Gaol||Closed||Museum+mixed use development||Corrections Victoria||1864||2004||||Beechworth|
|Castlemaine Gaol||Museum||Maximum||State of Victoria||1857||1990||?||Castlemaine|
|Dame Phyllis Frost Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum (female)||Corrections Victoria||15 August 1996||260||Deer Park|
|Fulham Correctional Centre (including NALU)||Operational||Minimum to maximum||GEO Group Australia||1997||777;
|HM Prison Barwon (including Barwon Supermax)||Operational||Maximum; supermax||Corrections Victoria||January 1990||425||Lara|
|HM Prison Bendigo (Sandhurst Gaol)||Closed||Adaptively reused as Ulumbarra Theatre and partly as Bendigo Senior Secondary College (hospitality school) ||Corrections Victoria||1863||2006||||Bendigo|
|HM Prison Dhurringile||Operational||Minimum||Corrections Victoria||1965||174||Murchison|
|HM Prison Geelong||Museum||Maximum||Corrections Victoria||1853||1991||?||Geelong|
|HM Prison Langi Kal Kal||Operational||Minimum||Corrections Victoria||Officially in February 1951||428 ||Beaufort|
|HM Prison Loddon||Operational||Medium||Corrections Victoria||1990||468 ||Castlemaine|
|HM Prison Morwell River||Reused as Adventure and accommodation centre||Minimum||Corrections Victoria||1951||1997||?||Morwell|
|HM Prison Pentridge||Closed||Maximum||Museum+Housing Estate built on site||1851||1997||?||Coburg|
|HM Prison Sale||Only façade survived. Land developed into police station.||Medium||Corrections Victoria||1887||1997||?||Sale|
|HM Prison Won Wron||Reused as Wulgunggo Ngalu Learning Place ||Minimum||Corrections Victoria||1964||2004||||Won Wron|
|HM Prison Fairlea||Closed. Demolished||Maximum||?||1956||1996||?||Fairfield|
|HM Prison Tarrengower||Operational||Minimum (female)||Corrections Victoria||1988||?||72||Maldon|
|Hopkins Correctional Centre (Ararat)||Operational||Minimum to Medium||Corrections Victoria||1967||700||Ararat|
|J Ward (HM Prison Ararat)||Museum||Maximum||Corrections Victoria||1859||1991||?||Ararat|
|Malmsbury Youth Justice Centre||Operational||Minimum to maximum||Department of Human Services||1965||74||Malmsbury|
|Marngoneet Correctional Centre||Operational||Medium||Corrections Victoria||2006||300||Lara|
|McLeod Prison Farm ||Reused as Bed and breakfast motel, then into a Farm||1916||1975||French Island|
|Melbourne Assessment Prison||Operational||Maximum||Corrections Victoria||6 April 1989||305||West Melbourne|
|Old Melbourne Gaol||Museum & Event's venue||Maximum||State of Victoria||1845||1924||?||Melbourne|
|Melbourne Youth Justice Centre||Operational||Medium to maximum||Department of Human Services||1993||110||Parkville|
|Metropolitan Remand Centre||Operational||Maximum remand||Corrections Victoria||2006||1300||Ravenhall|
|Parkville Youth Residential Centre||Operational||Medium to maximum||Department of Human Services||1998||30||Parkville|
|Port Phillip Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum||G4S Australia Pty. Limited||1997||1000+||Truganina|
|Ravenhall Correctional Centre||Operational||Medium||GEO Group Australia||2017||1300||Ravenhall|
|Turana Youth Training Centre||Closed||Medium to maximum||Department of Human Services||1955||2001||||Parkville|
Prisons and correctional facilities in Western Australia are managed by the Department of Justice through public and private operators.
|Prisons in Western Australia|
|Acacia Prison||Operational||Medium||Serco||May 2001||1,007||Wooroloo|
|Albany Regional Prison||Operational||Maximum||Department of Justice||16 September 1966||310||Albany|
|Bandyup Womens Prison||Operational||Mixed (female)||January 1970||259||West Swan|
|Banksia Hill Juvenile Detention Centre||Operational||Medium to maximum||September 1997||?||Canning Vale|
|Boronia Pre-release Centre for Women||Operational||Minimum (female)||May 2004||82||Bentley|
|Broome Regional Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum (male/female)||February 1945||138||Broome|
|Bunbury Regional Prison||Operational||Maximum (remand only); Minimum to medium||February 1971||340||College Grove|
|Casuarina Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum||June 1991||680||Casuarina|
|Eastern Goldfields Regional Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum (male/female)||2016||136||Boulder|
|Fremantle Prison||Closed||Museum, World Heritage Site||Government of Western Australia||1855||8 November 1991||||Fremantle|
|Greenough Regional Prison||Operational||Maximum (remand only); Minimum to medium||Department of Justice||October 1984||323||Narngulu|
|Hakea Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum||June 1982||897||Canning Vale|
|Karnet Prison Farm||Operational||Minimum||March 1963||326||Serpentine|
|Melaleuca Remand and Reintegration Facility||Operational||Maximum||Sodexo||2016||254||Canning Vale|
|Nyandi Women’s Prison||Closed. Reused as Boronia Pre-release Centre for Women||Minimum||1970||2004||Bentley|
|Pardelup Prison Farm||Operational||Minimum||Department of Justice||1927||96||Mount Barker|
|Rangeview Juvenile Remand Centre||Closed||Remand Centre||Department of Justice||1994||2012||92||Murdoch|
|Riverbank Prison||Closed. Not used.||Department of Justice||1970||2001||Caversham|
|Roebourne Regional Prison||Operational||Minimum to maximum (male/female)||Department of Justice||March 1984||161||Roebourne|
|Round House||Closed||Museum||Fremantle City Council||1830||1886||Fremantle|
|Wandoo Reintegration Facility||Operational||Minimum||Department of Justice||November 2012||80||Murdoch|
|West Kimberley Regional Prison||Operational||Minimum to medium||Department of Justice||1 November 2012||150||Derby|
|Wooroloo Prison Farm||Operational||Minimum||Department of Justice||1972||360||Wooroloo|
For a list of immigration detention centres of the Australian government, see the list of Australian immigration detention facilities.
- List of prisons
- List of Australian immigration detention facilities
- List of Australian psychiatric institutions
- List of Australian penal colonies
- List of Australians in international prisons
- "Alexander Maconochie Centre". ACT Corrective Services. Australian Capital Territory: Justice and Community Safety Directorate. 29 March 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Australian Capital Territory correctional facilities. 30 June 2009. Australian Institute of Criminology. Retrieved on 13 December 2011.
- Treasury, ACT Government; PositionTitle=Director; SectionName=Corporate Management; Corporate=Chief Minister and (2015-04-06). "Temporary changes to the use of Symonston Correctional Centre". www.cmd.act.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
- "Correctional Centres". Corrective Services NSW. Government of New South Wales. March 2012. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "Department of Prisons (1874-1970) Department of Corrective Services (1970-2009) - Subordinate Agencies". State Records NSW. Government of New South Wales. 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "Heritage Futures Database". hfrc.une.edu.au. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
- "Heritage & Culture". www.visitbalranald.com.au. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
- "Horticulture program helps prison inmates develop skills". ABC News. 2017-09-25. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
- "World Heritage List | Venue Hire Sydney | Cockatoo Island". www.cockatooisland.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
- 1942-, Jeremy, John, (2005). Cockatoo Island : Sydney's historic dockyard. Sydney: UNSW Press. p. 5. ISBN 0868408174. OCLC 60607127.
- "Braidwood, NSW - Aussie Towns". Aussie Towns. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
- "Sex offenders unit at Cessnock gaol". ABC News. Australia. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Key moments in Penal Culture in NSW 1970 - present". The Australian Prisons Project. The University of New South Wales. 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Cooma Correctional Centre". Corrective Services NSW. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Museum". www.correctiveservices.justice.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- The Long Paddock: Cobb Highway Touring Route (2013). "Deniliquin Region" (PDF). The long paddock. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "New South Wales correctional facilities". Australian Government. Australian Institute of Criminology. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- "Getting Here | Old Dubbo Gaol". www.olddubbogaol.com.au. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- The Argus, 20 Aug 1938 p. 2 https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/12474439
- "Grafton Gaol". State Records Archives Investigator. Government of New South Wales. 8 May 1992. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- NSW, Museums & Galleries. "Hay Gaol Museum". Museums & Galleries NSW. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "Junee Correctional Centre: Reducing Reoffending through Innovation". GEO Group Australia. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
- University, Find & Connect Web Resource Project, The University of Melbourne and Australian Catholic. "Keelong Juvenile Justice Centre - Organisation - Find & Connect - New South Wales". www.findandconnect.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- Laurel Hill Forest Lodge. Retrieved on 13 December 2011.
- "Narrabri Old Gaol and Museum". Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "Narrabri Shire Information Directory | Visit Narrabri". www.visitnarrabri.com.au. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- Thematic History of Oberon Shire Archived 2 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Philippa Gemmell-Smith. 16 March 2004. Oberon Council.
- "Correctional Centres". www.correctiveservices.justice.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "Parramatta Gaol Ghost Tours". Parramatta Gaol Ghost Tours. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "HISTORY". Parramatta Gaol Ghost Tours. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
- "Port Macquarie, NSW - Aussie Towns". Aussie Towns. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "Juvenile justice centre overcrowding fears remain". ABC News. Australia. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
- "New concept remand centre soon to open". The Daily Advertiser. 12 October 1984.
- "South Coast Correctional Centre - Corrective Services NSW Website". www.correctiveservices.justice.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-05-03.
- "Wagga's House of Correction". On Record @ CSURA. 2015-03-06. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "Old Wentworth Gaol | VisitWentworth". visitwentworth.com.au. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "DEMOLITION OF WINDSOR GAOL". Singleton Argus (NSW : 1880 - 1954). 1936-03-09. p. 2. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "THE WOLLONGONG GAOL". Retrieved 28 June 2018.
- "Australian Heritage Database". www.environment.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- Communications, c=AU; o=The State of Queensland; ou=Department of Environment and Science; ou=Corporate. "Saint Helena Island | Environment, land and water". environment.ehp.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "Prisons | SA History Hub". sahistoryhub.com.au. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "History of Ashley". Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "George Town FF". www.femaleconvicts.org.au. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Key moments in Penal Culture in Tasmania 1970 - present: Prisons". Australian Prisons Project. University of New South Wales. 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
- "New Zealand investor buys Tasmania's Hayes Prison Farm for $2.2m". ABC News. 2015-01-20. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Female Factories". www.femaleconvicts.org.au. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Launceston FF". www.femaleconvicts.org.au. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Macquarie Harbour Penal Statio". www.utas.edu.au. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Maria Island: History". Parks & Wildlife Service.
- "Port Arthur, TAS - Aussie Towns". Aussie Towns. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- Alomes, [Squiz] Jon. "Ross Female Factory Historic Site". Discover Tasmania. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Saltwater River, TAS - Aussie Towns". Aussie Towns. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Parliamentary report prisons September 2015". Obudsman Victoria. Obudsman Victoria. September 2015. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- "Home - Old Beechworth Gaol". Old Beechworth Gaol. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Old Castlemaine Gaol". Old Castlemaine Gaol. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- "Old meets new as prison becomes theatre". ABC News. 2015-01-19. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
- Justice, Corrections Prisons Parole, Department of. "Langi Kal Kal Prison". www.corrections.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- Justice, Corrections Prisons Parole, Department of. "Loddon Prison Precinct". www.corrections.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "New Sale Police station opens after years of planning". ABC Gippsland Vic. 2015-03-26. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "Won Wron Prison Farm : Beyond Melbourne - Melbourne, Victorian & Australian Architecture Topics". www.walkingmelbourne.com. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- Melbourne, School of Historical Studies, Department of History, The University of. "Fairlea, HM Prison - Entry - eMelbourne - The Encyclopedia of Melbourne Online". www.emelbourne.net.au. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- Justice, Corrections Prisons Parole, Department of. "Tarrengower Prison". www.corrections.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "French Island's former prison farm sells for several million dollars after three years on the market - realestate.com.au". www.realestate.com.au. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
- "Turana - Summary". Find & Connect. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "Photographic tour of Riverbank Detention Centre – where Bon Scott spent nine months". Novel. 2016-01-13. Retrieved 2018-07-03.