List of private residents of Covent Garden

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The entries in this tabulation cover some 150 years in the 17th and 18th centuries, when the private residents of Covent Garden included many people of rank and note. They ranged from marquesses to barons, foreign ambassadors and members of parliament to physicians, surgeons, antiquaries, artists, authors and dramatists. Some of the later arrivals were auctioneers, such as Christopher Cock and Abraham Langford, who found rich sources for future sales amongst their neighbours.

Most of the entries are derived from The Piazza: Notable private residents in the Piazza,[1] which in turn is based on Sheppard's Survey of London: Volume 36, Covent Garden.[2] Other sources are noted where appropriate.

      Fig. 1 This 1690 plan is annotated with the names of some earlier residents.
Fig. 2 Behind the column is James Street. Numbering was from the left of this, one per arch.
Address Dates Residents
No. 43 King Street 1637–43 William Paget, Baron Paget of Beaudesert
No. 43 King Street 1644 John Trenchard
No. 43 King Street 1645-7 Sir Henry Vane the younger
No. 43 King Street c.1647 Sir Arthur Ingram
No. 43 King Street c.1650-3 Dr. William Rant
No. 43 King Street 1655–61 Sir Edward Hales, baronet
No. 43 King Street 1662–5 Sir Kenelm Digby
No. 43 King Street 1666–80 Denzil Holles, first Baron Holles of Ifield
No. 43 King Street 1681–c.1688 Nathaniel Crew, third Baron Crew of Stene
No. 43 King Street c.1690–1727 Hon. Edward Russell, first Earl of Orford
No. 1 Great Piazza 1637–41 Walter Montagu
No. 1 Great Piazza 1644 Sir William Waller
No. 1 Great Piazza 1645– c.1647 Sir Thomas Trenchard
No. 1 Great Piazza c.1650–6 John Paulet, fifth Marquis of Winchester
No. 1 Great Piazza 1657–9 Nathaniel Fiennes
No. 1 Great Piazza 1660–1 Charles Gerard, first Baron Gerard of Brandon, first Earl of Macclesfield
No. 1 Great Piazza 1662–c.1703 Sir Thomas Draper, knight
No. 1 Great Piazza c.1703–17 Lady Mary Draper
No. 1 Great Piazza 1718–23 Sir Harry Ashurst
No. 1 Great Piazza 1749–1760 William Hunter
No. 2 Great Piazza 1639–41 Sir John Harper
No. 2 Great Piazza 1641–5 Lady Mansell
No. 2 Great Piazza c.1647–50 Zouch Tate
No. 2 Great Piazza 1650–65 Mrs. [Catherine] Tate, wife of Zouch
No. 2 Great Piazza 1666–8 Sir Charles Cotterell, knight
No. 2 Great Piazza 1676–85 Sir Richard Temple, baronet
No. 2 Great Piazza 1686–92 Prosper Henricus Lankrink
No. 2 Great Piazza 1707–8 Lord 'Fitz-Williams'
No. 2 Great Piazza 1708–11 Lord Falconbridge
No. 2 Great Piazza 1713 Lord Powis
No. 2 Great Piazza 1717–20 Sir John Cotton
No. 2 Great Piazza 1721 Dr. Noel Broxholme
No. 3 Great Piazza 1639–43 John Mordaunt, first Earl of Peterborough
No. 3 Great Piazza 1658–63 Lady 'Holborne'
No. 3 Great Piazza 1664–70 William Broun(c)ker, second Viscount Brouncker
No. 3 Great Piazza 1671–5 Marchioness of Clanricarde
No. 3 Great Piazza 1676 Viscountess 'Muscree'
No. 3 Great Piazza 1677–91 Sir Thomas Orby[3]
No. 3 Great Piazza 1692–1713 John Closterman
No. 3 Great Piazza 1714–c.1734 Edward Gouge
No. 3 Great Piazza c.1736–53 Hamlet Winstanley
No. 4–5 Great Piazza 1640–c.1641 Sir Thomas Culpeper the elder
No. 4–5 Great Piazza 1652–9 Lady 'Calveley'
No. 4–5 Great Piazza 1677–9 Gregory King
No. 6–7 Great Piazza 1638–40 Sir William Alexander, first Earl of Stirling
No. 6-7 Great Piazza 1640–4 Sir Henry Wallop
No. 6-7 Great Piazza 1645–c.1647 Robert Wallop
No. 6-7 Great Piazza 1653–4 Sir Lionel Tollemache
No. 6-7 Great Piazza 1655–7 Edmund Dunch
No. 6-7 Great Piazza 1658–60 Viscount Burnell
No. 6-7 Great Piazza 1663–90 Hon. Edward Russell
No. 6-7 Great Piazza 1691–c.1698 Robert, Lord Russell
No. 8 Great Piazza 1636–40 Thomas Killigrew
No. 8 Great Piazza 1640–1 Philip Wharton, fourth Baron Wharton
No. 8 Great Piazza c.1647 Henry Mordaunt, second Earl of Peterborough
No. 8 Great Piazza c.1651–7 Sir David Watkins, knight
No. 8 Great Piazza 1658–60 Lady Watkins
No. 8 Great Piazza 1661–2 Thomas Killigrew
No. 8 Great Piazza 1663–c. 1673 Aubrey de Vere, twentieth Earl of Oxford
No. 8 Great Piazza c.1675 Resident envoy of the Republic of Venice
No. 8 Great Piazza 1676–93 Sir William Walter
No . 8 Great Piazza 1694–c.1698 Lady Knightley
No. 8 Great Piazza c.1699 Rt. Hon. Lord James Russell[4]
No. 8 Great Piazza c.1702–1726 Thomas Murray
No. 9–10 Great Piazza 1640–3 Robert Holborne
No. 9–10 Great Piazza c.1647 Colonel Thorp(e)
No. 9–10 Great Piazza c.1651–71 Lord Lucas
No. 9–10 Great Piazza 1718–20 Thomas Grey, second Earl of Stamford
No. 9–10 Great Piazza 1720–30 Hon. Edward Wortley Montagu
No. 9-10 Great Piazza 1731-1748 Christopher Cock, auctioneer
No. 9-10 Great Piazza 1747- Abraham Langford, auctioneer
No. 9-10 Great Piazza 1790- Henry Robins and brother John; and later, George Henry Robins, Henry's son; all auctioneers.[5]
No. 10–11 Great Piazza 1637–9 Sir Thomas Littleton, knight
No. 10–11 Great Piazza 1639–43 Sir John Winter
No. 10–11 Great Piazza c.1651–80 Sir Peter Lely
No. 10–11 Great Piazza 1682–5 Thomas Hawker
No. 10–11 Great Piazza 1686–c.1694 Roger North
No. 10–11 Great Piazza c.1698 Lady North
No. 10–11 Great Piazza 1753–5 Charles Macklin
No. 12 Great Piazza 1637–c.1673 Sir Edmund/Edward Pye
No. 12 Great Piazza c.1675–93 Lady Katherine Pye
No. 12 Great Piazza 1694–1720 Matthew Aylmer, Baron Aylmer
No. 12 Great Piazza 1720–2 Sir John Norris
No. 12 Great Piazza 1722–34 Sir James Thornhill
No. 12 Great Piazza c.1736–41 George Douglas, fourth Baron Mordington
No. 13–14 Great Piazza 1635–43 Sir Edward Sydenham
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1637–43 Sir Charles Gawdy
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1638–43 Lady Cooke
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1644–52 Denzil Holles, first Baron Holles of Ifield
No. 13-14 Great Piazza c.1645 ? Sir William Constable
No. 13-14 Great Piazza c.1645 ? Edward Montague
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1656 Mildmay Fane, second Earl of Westmorland
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1656–63 Sir Edward Ford
No . 13-14 Great Piazza 1664 Charles Stuart, sixth Duke of Lennox, third Duke of Richmond
No . 13-14 Great Piazza 1668 Swedish ambassador
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1669–79 Colonel John Strode[6]
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1669–c.1673 Countess Dowager of Peterborough
No. 13-14 Great Piazza c.1675–6 Unspecified foreign diplomatic envoy
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1679–86 Elizabeth, Lady Dacres, later Countess of Sheppey
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1686–9 Edward Howard, fifth Earl of Carlisle
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1690–2 Dutch ambassador
No. 13-14 Great Piazza c.1702–14 George Dodington
No. 13-14 Great Piazza c.1720–25 George Bubb Dodington, later first Baron Melcombe
No. 13-14 Great Piazza 1726–32 Dr. Douglas
No. 15 Great Piazza (back house) 1743–60 John Rich
No. 15 Great Piazza 1761–7 Priscilla Rich
No. 15 Great Piazza 1769 William Powell
No. 15 Great Piazza 1769–1771 Elizabeth Powell
No. 15 Great Piazza 1772–4 George Colman the elder
No. 16–17 Great Piazza 1636–c.1641 Sir Edmund Verney the elder
No. 16-17 Great Piazza c.1643 Sir Peter Ingram
No. 16-17 Great Piazza 1644–7 Countess of Peterborough
No. 16-17 Great Piazza c.1651–7 Sir Humphrey Tracy
No. 16-17 Great Piazza 1659–63 Sir Robert Bowles
No. 16-17 Great Piazza 1664–6 Mountjoy Blount, first Earl of Newport
No. 16-17 Great Piazza 1679 Lady Dacres
No. 16-17 Great Piazza 1680 Nathaniel Crew, third Baron Crew
No. 16-17 Great Piazza 1682–c.1702 Sir Godfrey Kneller, first baronet
No. 16-17 Great Piazza 1727–c.1734 Arthur Pond
No. 18–19 Great Piazza with No. 13 Russell Street 1637–c.1641 Lady Hobart ('Hubbert')
No. 18–19 Great Piazza with No. 13 Russell Street 1652 Doctor Denton
No. 18–19 Great Piazza with No. 13 Russell Street 1679–1728 James St. Amand[7]
No. 1 Little Piazza 1640–3 Sir Thomas Hanmore
No. 1 Little Piazza 1647 Sir John Wittwrong [sic]
No. 2 Little Piazza 1647 Henry Wilmot, second Viscount Wilmot, later first Earl of Rochester
No. 2 Little Piazza c.1651 Earl of 'Kileare'
No. 2 Little Piazza 1659 Duke of Florence
No. 2 Little Piazza 1660–4 Earl of Meath
No. 2 Little Piazza 1666–70 Sir James Barkman Leyenberg
No. 2 Little Piazza c.1674 Sir Richard Temple, baronet
No. 3 Little Piazza 1640– c.1647 Sir William Uvedale
No. 3 Little Piazza c.1651 Sir William Plater
No. 3 Little Piazza 1653 Lord Savage
No. 3 Little Piazza 1654 Lady 'Savidge'
No. 3 Little Piazza 1655 Sir William Parkhurst[8]
No. 3 Little Piazza 1656 Countess Ancrum
No. 3 Little Piazza 1657–61 Jane, Lady Angier
No. 3 Little Piazza 1663 Murrough O'Brien, first Earl of Inchiquin
No. 3 Little Piazza 1664–5 Sir Edward Ford
No. 4 Little Piazza 1691–2 William De Ryck
No. 4 Little Piazza c.1705–7 Thomas Hawker
No. 4 Little Piazza 1771–4 John Abraham Fisher
No. 1 Tavistock Row 1635–43 Thomas Savile, first Viscount Savile, first Earl of Sussex
No. 1 Tavistock Row 1644–c.1645 Henry Grey, Earl of Kent
No. 1 Tavistock Row 1660 Richard Boyle, second Earl of Cork, later first Earl of Burlington, and Arthur Annesley, first Earl of Anglesey
No. 1 Tavistock Row 1670–1 Sir John Colladon[9]
No. 1 Tavistock Row 1672 Lady Cartwright
No. 1 Tavistock Row c.1675–6 Countess of Manchester
No. 1 Tavistock Row 1677–84 William Petre, fourth Baron Petre
No. 2–3 Tavistock Row 1637–43 Sir Peter Temple
No. 2–3 Tavistock Row 1661 Lady Cranburne
No. 2–3 Tavistock Row 1662 Lady Griffin
No. 37 Henrietta Street c.1650–8 Francis Clein
            Henrietta Street 1761 Kitty Clive[10]
No. 1 King Street 1639–c.1641 Francis Russell esq.
No. 1 King Street 1653–6 Sir James Bridgman
          King Street 1690 Lady Gorgess[10]
          King Street 1690 Sir John Barber[10]
          King Street 1722 Bishop of St David[10]
          Maiden Lane 1647 Sir Cornelius Vermuyden[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Piazza: Notable private residents in the Piazza". British History Online. Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Survey of London: Volume 36, Covent Garden". British History Online. Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  3. ^ "No. 3 Great Piazza, Covent Garden, London: Home of Sir Thomas Orby, 1st Baronet". HumphrysFamilyTree.com. Genealogy research by Mark Humphrys, 1983-2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Russell, Hon. James (c.1647-1712)". The History of Parliament. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  5. ^ "ODNB Robins, George Henry". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23824. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^ "Strode, John II (1627-86)". The History of Parliament. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  7. ^ "ODNB St Amand, James". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24477. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  8. ^ "Parkhurst, Sir William (-d.1667)". The History of Parliament. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  9. ^ "ODNB Colladon, Sir John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/105833. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. ^ a b c d e Annotation in Fig. 1 above