List of privatizations by country

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This list of privatizations provides links to notable and/or major privatizations.

Privatizations by country[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

Bahrain[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

Chile[edit]

Czechoslovakia[edit]

Egypt[edit]

  • The Shebin spinning and weaving factory in Menoufia in the Nile Delta was on strike against/locked out by its new non-Egyptian owners in the wake of the 2011 revolution. Workers and maybe the military now in control of the state were favoring re-nationalization, according to one report. "[L] iberal economic policy is tarred with [the old regime's] corruption," said Michael Wahid Hanna, in Cairo for the U.S.-based Century Foundation.[1] Indorama, the new Indonesian/Thai[2] owner of Shebin,[3] was not quoted in the report. Looking further back to 2000, "well considered public spinners" Shebin El Kom and STIA, were then considered to have a "redundant labor problem ... [but] would otherwise be attractive privatization buying or leasing opportunities for private investors."[4] In 2011, STIA, also known as El Nasr Wool & Selected Textiles, of Alexandria, remained "one of the largest public sector textiles companies."[5] See also Privatization#Notable examples.

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

Germany[edit]

Ghana[edit]

Guinea[edit]

Greece[edit]

  • Olympic Airways - at first, then Olympic Airlines; the Hellenic State attempted to privatise the ailing airlines five times, more or less, from 2004 onwards. The company was folded and re-created in 2009, and privatized in 2012, under the supervision of the EU and IMF, as it was part of the debt-restructuring process of 2012.
  • OPAP (Lottery and Betting Monopoly) - privatization completed in 2008, when the last remaining government-owned stock was sold
  • OTE (Οργανισμός Τηλεπικοινωνιών Ελλάδος / Hellenic Telecommunications Company) - became partly privatised in the 1990s, when its only shareholder at the time, the Hellenic State, reduced its share of the company to 36%
  • Piraeus Port Authority - In April 2016, HRADF sold 51% of Piraeus Port Authority to the COSCO Group.
  • TrainOSE - It was acquired in September 2017 by the Italian railway company, Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane.
  • Hellenic Petroleum - Starting from the 1990s, the Greek Government gradually sold its shares in the company, and currently owns only 35.5% of the shares.
  • Starting in 2012, a rescue package for the Greek government-debt crisis required a major round of privatization[9] which was managed through the Hellenic Republic Asset Development Fund.[10]

Hong Kong[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Iceland[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Iran[edit]

Iraq[edit]

  • (planned) most industries except oil, at the behest of the United States-sponsored government

Ireland[edit]

Israel[edit]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Jordan[edit]

Korea[edit]

Kuwait[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Mexico[edit]

1,150 public companies, including banks, railroads, the telephone company, mines, roads, TV stations, ports, airports, airlines, sugar mills, and retirement funds. Now they are going to privatize PEMEX, the oil company, and CFE, the electricity company.

Morocco[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Norway[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

  • ANA - Aeroportos de Portugal (Portuguese airports)
  • CIMPOR
  • CTT - Portuguese post
  • EDP - Energia de Portugal
  • Fidelidade - the insurance part of the CGD public bank
  • GALP - national petroleum company
  • Portugal Telecom - national telecommunications company
  • REN - Rede Eléctrica Nacional
  • TAP - airline

Qatar[edit]

  • Q-Gas (Q1 2005, 50% for $600 million)

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

A wide-scale privatization program was launched in 1992-1994, using a voucher privatization scheme; from 1995, a monetary scheme was used.

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

South Africa[edit]

  • Iscor - Now known as ArcelorMittal South Africa, the company was privatised in 1989.
  • Telkom - Gradually privatised starting with the IPO in 2003. The government currently holds 39%, and is planning on selling its entire stake.

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

1980s[edit]

  • ASEA-ATOM (1981) - sold to Asea
  • Luxor AB (1984)
  • SSAB (1986–1994)
  • UV Shipping (1988)

1990s[edit]

  • AssiDomän
  • Celsius
  • Cementa
  • Enator
  • Företagskapital
  • Industrikredit AB
  • Lantbrukskredit AB
  • Nordbanken (partial)
  • OKPetroleum
  • Pharmacia
  • PharmaciaUpjohn
  • SAKAB
  • SAQ Kontrol
  • SBL Vaccin
  • SEMKO
  • SSAB (wholly privatised in 1994)
  • Stadshypotek AB
  • Svalöf
  • Svensk Fastighetsvärdering
  • Svenska Statens Språkresor AB
  • Swedish Real Estate Valuation Corp
  • VPC AB

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

Planned privatisations[edit]

[20]

Tanzania[edit]

Turkey[edit]

(Listing Scope >US $ 10 M.)[21]

1980s[edit]

  • ANKARA ÇIMENTO
  • ANSAN-MEDA
  • BALIKESİR ÇIMENTO
  • PINARHİSAR ÇIMENTO
  • SÖKE ÇIMENTO

1990s[edit]

  • ADIYAMAN ÇİMENTO
  • ANADOLUBANK
  • AŞKALE ÇİMENTO
  • BARTIN ÇİMENTO
  • BOZÜYÜK Seramik
  • ÇİNKUR
  • ÇORUM ÇİMENTO
  • DENİZBANK
  • DENİZLİ ÇİMENTO
  • ELAZIĞ ÇİMENTO
  • ERGANİ ÇİMENTO
  • ETİBANK
  • FİLYOS
  • GAZİANTEP ÇİMENTO
  • GÜNES SİGORTA
  • HAVAŞ
  • IPRAGAZ
  • İSKENDERUN ÇİMENTO
  • KARS ÇİMENTO
  • KONYA KROM MAN.A.Ş.
  • KÜMAŞ
  • KURTALAN ÇİMENTO
  • LADİK ÇİMENTO
  • LALAPAŞA ÇİMENTO
  • METAŞ
  • PETLAS
  • RAY SIGORTA
  • ŞANLIURFA ÇİMENTO
  • SİVAS ÇİMENTO
  • SÜMERBANK
  • TRABZON ÇİMENTO
  • TÜRK KABLO
  • VAN ÇİMENTO
  • YARIMCA PORSELEN T.A.Ş.

2000s[edit]

  • Adapazarı Sugar Fac.
  • ASİL ÇELİK
  • ATAKÖY Hotel
  • ATAKÖY Marina
  • ATAKÖY TOURISM
  • BAŞAK INSURANCE
  • BAŞAK RETIREMENT FUND
  • BET KÜTAHYA ŞEKER
  • BURSAGAZ
  • ÇAYELİ BAKIR İŞL.A.Ş.
  • Cyprus Turkish Airlines
  • DENİZ NAKLİYATI T.A.Ş.
  • ESGAZ
  • ETI ALUMINIUM
  • ETİ BAKIR
  • ETİ ELEKTROMETALURJI
  • ETİ GÜMÜŞ A.Ş.
  • ETİ KROM A.Ş.
  • GÜVEN SİGORTA
  • DİV-HAN
  • TAKSAN
  • TÜRK TELEKOM

Ukraine[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

  • Damas Jewelry (November 2004, 55% of the company for $224 million)

United Kingdom[edit]

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

Privatisations by share offer, 1981-91 From Nigel Lawson, The View from No. 11 (Bantam, 1992).
Date Company % of equity initially sold Proceeds £m
Feb 1981 British Aerospace 51.6 150
Oct 1981 Cable & Wireless 50 224
Feb 1982 Amersham International 100 71
Nov 1982 Britoil 51 549
Feb 1983 Associated British Ports 51.5 22
June 1984 Enterprise Oil 100 392
July 1984 Jaguar 99 294
Nov 1984 British Telecom 50.2 3,916
Dec 1986 British Gas 97 5,434
Feb 1987 British Airways 100 900
May 1987 Rolls-Royce 100 1,363
July 1987 British Airports Authority 100 1,281
Dec 1988 British Steel 100 2,500
Dec 1989 Regional Water Companies 100 5,110
Dec 1990 Electricity Distribution Companies 100 5,092
Mar 1991 National Power and PowerGen 60 2,230
May 1991 Scottish Power and Scottish Hydro Electric 100 2,880

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Amos, Deborah, "In Egypt, Revolution Moves Into The Factories", NPR, April 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  2. ^ "The Indorama Group", company website. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  3. ^ "Indorama Shebin Textiles Co. S.A.E", company website. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  4. ^ "The impact of privatization and policy reforem on the cotton spinning industry in Egypt", Prime Contractor: Abt Associates Inc.; sponsored by Government of Egypt, Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation and United States Agency for International Development; November, 2000. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  5. ^ STIA Home, company website. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  6. ^ http://www.airfranceklm-finance.com/en/Shares/Capital-structure-and-equity-threshold-declarations
  7. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL Group | Aktionärsstruktur". www.dpdhl.com (in German). Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  8. ^ AG, Deutsche Telekom. "Aktionärsstruktur" (in German). Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  9. ^ http://www.npr.org/2013/02/07/171294406/privatization-of-greek-assets-runs-behind-schedule
  10. ^ http://www.hradf.com/
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ http://pepei.pennnet.com/News/Display_News_Story.cfm?Section=WireNews&Category=HOME&NewsID=109120]
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "Regeringen har sålt hela OMX-innehavet". Dagens Industri. 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  15. ^ "Pernod wins auction for Vin & Sprit". The Local. 2008-03-31. Archived from the original on 2008-04-04. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  16. ^ "Sweden sells remaining stake in Nordea for $3.4 billion". reuters. 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2017-11-07. 
  17. ^ Regeringen överens om att sälja apotek
  18. ^ Scandinavian Airlines
  19. ^ Privata Affärer - Staten fick 18 miljarder för aktierna i Teliasonera
  20. ^ Munkhammar, J. "Försäljning av statliga bolag under tre decennier", Timbro, 2007, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-20. Retrieved 2008-01-25. 
  21. ^ Privatization in Turkey, Republic Of Turkey Prime Ministry Privatization Administration, 2010, http://www.oib.gov.tr/program/uygulamalar/privatization_in_turkey.htm