List of proxy wars

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This is a list of proxy wars. Major powers have been highlighted in bold.

A proxy war is two opposing countries avoiding direct war, and instead supporting combatants that serve their interests. In some occasions, one country is a direct combatant whilst the other supporting its enemy. For example, the United States has been supporting the Syrian rebels (Opposition), whilst Russia has been supporting the Syrian government led by Bashar al-Assad. Here the Syrian rebels are a proxy for the United States, and the Syrian government a proxy for Russia.

Pre-World War I proxy wars[edit]

War Date Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
American Revolutionary War 1775-1784 Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of Great Britain

American Indians[1]
Wappen-HK (1736-1804).svg Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel
Wappen Hanau 2.svg County of Hanau
Armoiries de La Falloise.svg Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Wappen Brandenburg-Ansbach.svg Principality of Ansbach
CoA.Brand-Bayreuth.png Principality of Bayreuth
Blason Principauté d'Anhalt-Zerbst (XVIIIe siècle).svg Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg Waldeck

United States

Kingdom of France France[2]
Spain Spain[3][citation needed]
American Indians[4]


Co-belligerents:
 Netherlands[5][citation needed]
Mysore[6][citation needed]

Combatant 2 Won
1811 German Coast Uprising 1811  United States Rebel slaves

Supported by:
HaitiHaiti

Combatant 1 Won
Egyptian–Ottoman War 1839-1841 Egypt-aligned powers:
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Egypt
France Kingdom of the French

Spain Spain

Allied powers:
United Kingdom British Empire
Austrian Empire Austrian Empire
Russian Empire Russian Empire
Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Prussia

Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire

Stalemate
Uruguayan Civil War 1839-1851 Colorados
Unitarian Party
 Empire of Brazil
Italian Legion
France France
 Great Britain
Blancos
 Argentine Confederation
Combatant 1 Won
French intervention in Mexico 1861-1867  Second Mexican Empire

 Second French Empire


Supported by:
Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Egypt[7]
National Cockade of Poland.svg Polish exiles[8]
Spain Spain
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Austrian Empire Austria[9]
 Belgium
 Mexico
Supported by:
United StatesU.S
Combatant 2 Won
Fenian raids 1866-1871 Fenian Brotherhood

Supported by:
Coat of arms of Ireland.svg Irish Republican Brotherhood[10]
United States United States[11] (Alleged)

United Kingdom British Empire Combatant 2 Won
‘Urabi Revolt 1879-1882 Khedivate of Egypt

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British Empire

Supported by:
France France
United States United States

Egyptian and Sudanese forces under Ahmed ‘Urabi Combatant 1 Won
Mahdist War 1881-1899  British Empire

 Belgium

Ethiopian Empire Ethiopian Empire
 Italy


Supported by:
Emirate of Jabal Shammar

Mahdist Sudan

Supported by:
 Ottoman Empire
 Russian Empire
France France

Combatant 1 Won
First Samoan Civil War 1886-1894 Samoa Tamasese
German Empire German Empire
Samoa Mata'afans

Supported by:
United States United States

Stalemate
First Italo-Ethiopian War 1894–1896  Italy

Supported by:
United Kingdom United Kingdom

 Ethiopia

Supported by:
Russia Russia
France France
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Combatant 2 Won
Second Samoan Civil War 1898-1899 Samoa Mata'afans
German Empire German Empire
Samoa Samoa
United Kingdom United Kingdom
United States United States
Stalemate
Venezuelan crisis of 1902–03 1902–1903 United Kingdom United Kingdom[12]
 German Empire[12]
Italy Italy[12]

Supported by:
Spain Spain
Mexico Mexico
Belgium Belgium
Netherlands Netherlands

Venezuela Venezuela[12]

Supported by:
Argentina Argentina
United States United States of America[12]

Stalemate
Somaliland Campaign 1910-1920 Dervish State

Supported by:
 Ottoman Empire
 German Empire
 Ethiopian Empire (1913-1916)

 British Empire[13]
 Ethiopian Empire[13]

Supported by:
 Italian Empire[13]
Sultanate of Hobyo[13]

Combatant 2 Won
Mexican Revolution 1910-1920 Mexico Revolutionary forces
Supported by:
 German Empire
Mexico Counter-revolutionary forces
Supported by:
 USA
 British Empire
Combatant 1 Won

Inter-war period proxy wars[edit]

War Years Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Somaliland Campaign 1910-1920 Dervish State

Supported by:
 Ottoman Empire
 German Empire
 Ethiopian Empire (1913-1916)

 British Empire
 Ethiopian Empire
 Italian Empire
Combatant 2 Won
Mexican Revolution 1910-1920 Mexico Revolutionary forces
Supported by:
 German Empire
Mexico Counter-revolutionary forces
Supported by:
 USA
 British Empire
Combatant 1 Won
Finnish Civil War 1918[14][15]  Finland[14][15]

White Guard[14][15]


Supported by:
 Germany[14][15]
Red Guards[14][15]
Supported by:
 Russian SFSR[14][15]
Combatant 1 Won[14][15]
German Revolution 1918–1919 Weimar Republic (1918-1919) Free Socialist Republic of Germany

Support:
 Russian SFSR
 Ukrainian SSR

Combatant 1 Won
Revolutions and interventions in Hungary 1918–1920  Czechoslovakia
Romania Kingdom of Romania
 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
 First Czechoslovak Republic
 France
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46) Kingdom of Hungary
 Kingdom of Italy
Hungarian Democratic Republic
Hungarian Republic of Councils
Slovak Soviet Republic

Supported by:
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Russian SFSR [16][17]

Combatant 1 Won
Turkish War of Independence 1919-1922  Greece
 Armenia
 France[18][19]
Ottoman Empire Istanbul Government[20]
Supported by:
 United Kingdom[18]
 United States
 Italy[21]
 Georgia
Turkey Ankara Government
Supported by:
 Russian SFSR[22]
 Italy (alleged)[23]
 Azerbaijan SSR
Bengali volunteers[24][25]
Afghan volunteers[26]
Combatant 2 Won[27][28][29]
Chinese Civil War 1929-1949[30][31] KMT[30][31]
Supported by:
 Germany[30][31]
 United States[30][31]
CPC[30][31]
PLA[30][31]
Supported by:
 Soviet Union[30][31]
Combatant 2 Won[30][31]
Spanish Civil War 1936-1939[32][33][34] Spain Nationalists[32][33][34][35]
Supported by:
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany[32][33][34][35]
 Italy[32][33][34][35]
 United Kingdom[32][33][34][35]
 Portugal[35]
Iron Guard
 Vatican City[36]
Irish Brigade
White émigré
Second Spanish Republic Republicans[32][33][34][35]
Supported by:
French Third Republic French Third Republic[33][35]
International Brigades[32][33][34][35]
 Mexico[33][34][35]
Soviet Union Soviet Union[32][33][34][35]
 USA[33]
Combatant 1 Won[32][33][34][35]

Cold War proxy wars[edit]

War Years Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Arab separatism in Khuzestan 1922–present APCO

DRFLA
PFLA
AFLA
Anti-government protesters
Supported by
 Iraq[citation needed]
 Soviet Union

Iran Imperial State of Iran

Iran Islamic Republic of Iran


Supported by:
 United States (before 1979)
Ongoing
Chinese Civil War 1929-1949[30][31] CPC[30][31]
PLA[30][31]
Supported by:
 Soviet Union[30][31]
KMT[30][31]
Supported by:
 United States[30][31]
Combatant 1 Won[30][31]
Hukbalahap Rebellion 1942-1954 Hukbalahap

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[37]

Philippines Republic of the Philippines

Supported by:
 United States

Combatant 2 Won
Greek Civil War 1944-1949[38][39] DSE[38]
EAM[38][39]
ELAS[38][39]
KKE[38]
Supported by:
People's Socialist Republic of Albania Albania[38]
 Bulgaria[38]
 Yugoslavia[38]
 Soviet Union
 Greece[38][39]
Supported by:
 United Kingdom[38][39]
 United States[38][39]
Egypt Egypt[40]
South Africa South Africa[40]
Combatant 2 Won[38][39]
War in Vietnam (1945–46) 1945–1946 North Vietnam Viet Minh

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

 United Kingdom

France France
 Empire of Japan
Supported by:
 United States

Stalemate
Iran crisis of 1946 1945–1946 Azerbaijan People's Republic
Republic of Mahabad

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

Iran Imperial State of Iran

Supported by:
 United States

Combatant 2 Won
Indonesian National Revolution 1945-1949  Indonesia
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Netherlands (from 1946)

 United Kingdom (until 1946)

 Japan (until 1946)


Supported by:
 United States
Combatant 1 Won a political victory
Combatant 2 Won a military victory
Corfu Channel incident 1946–1948 Albania Albania

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

 United Kingdom

Supported by:
 United States

Combatant 2 Won
First Indochina War 1946–1954[41][42] Cambodia Khmer Issarak[43]
Laos Pathet Lao[44]
North Vietnam Viet Minh[41][42]
Supported by:
 China[41]
 Soviet Union[41]
 Polish People's Republic[45]
 East Germany[46][47]
 France[41][42]
South Vietnam State of Vietnam (1949–1954)[41][42]
Cambodia Cambodia (1953–1954)
 Laos (1953–1954)
Supported by:
 United States[41]
Combatant 1 Won[41][42]
Paraguayan Civil War 1947 Liberal Party
Febrerista Revolutionary Concentration
Hammer and sickle.svg Paraguayan Communist Party

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

Paraguay Paraguayan Government
Paraguay Military of Paraguay
Colorado Party

Supported by:
 United States
 Argentina

Combatant 2 Won
Malayan Emergency 1948–1960 Communist forces:
Malayan Communist Party

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[48]
China People Republic of China
 Indonesia

Anti-communist forces:
Commonwealth of Nations

Supported by:
 United States


 Thailand (Thai-Malay border)

Combatant 2 Won
Internal conflict in Myanmar 1948–present  Burma

Supported by:
 Israel
 Libya
 India
 Rwanda
 Malawi

Opposition forces

ABSDF
Arakan Army
DKBA-5
KNU

KIO

MNDAA
NDAA
SSAN
SSAS
TNLA
UWSP

...and others


Supported by:
 United States
 Thailand
 China
 Pakistan
 Vietnam
 Philippines
Taiwan Republic of China (1950–1961)[49]

Ongoing
Balochistan conflict 1948–present Baloch separatist groups

Supported by:
 India (alleged)
 Soviet Union (until 1988)
Afghanistan Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (until 1990)
 Iraq (1970s)[50]


Sectarian groups
Jundallah[51][52]
Jaish ul-Adl
Jundallah (Pakistan)
al-Qaeda
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi[50]
Sipah-e-Sahaba[50]
Supported by:
 Israel (against Iran)[53]

 Pakistan

 Iran[54]

Ongoing
Arab–Israeli conflict 1948–present  Palestine

Supported by:
 Egypt (1948–78)
 Iraq
 Syria
 Cuba[55]
 Algeria
 Bangladesh[56]
 Soviet Union[57]

 Israel

Supported by:
 USA
 United Kingdom
 France
 Netherlands[58]
 Italy
 Germany
 Canada
 Australia

Ongoing
Korean War 1950-1953[59][60][61][62][63][64]  North Korea[59][60][61][62][63][64]
 China[59][60][61][63][64]
Flag of the National Liberation Front of southern Korea.jpg South Korean People's Front Preparation Committee

Supported by:
 Bulgaria
 Czechoslovakia[65]
 Hungary
 Poland
 Romania[63]
 Soviet Union[59][63]
 India[66][67]
Mongolia
 South Korea[59][60][61][64]
 United Nations[60][61][64]
 United States[59][60][61][62][64]
Supported by:
 Australia[60][61][62]
 Belgium[60][61]
 Bolivia[61]
 Canada[60][61][62]
 Colombia[60]
Commonwealth of Nations[68]
Cuba Cuba[61]
 Denmark[69]
 Ethiopia[60][61]
 France[60][61][62]
 Greece[60]
 India[62]
 Israel[70]
 Italy[71]
 Luxembourg[60]
 Netherlands[60]
 New Zealand[60][62]
 Norway[72]
 Philippines[60]
 South Africa[60][61]
 Spain[73]
 Sweden[74]
  Switzerland[75]
 Thailand[60][61]
 Turkey[60][61][62]
 United Kingdom[60][62]
Stalemate[59][60][64]
Mau Mau Uprising 1952–1960 Mau Mau rebels[A]

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

 United Kingdom

Supported by:
 USA

Combatant 2 Won
Cuban Revolution 1953-1959 M-26-7.svg 26th of July Movement
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
Flag of Cuba.svg Republic of Cuba
Supported by:
 USA
Combatant 1 Won
Second Indochina War 1953-1975[76][77][78][79][80]  North Vietnam[76][77][78][79][80][81]
North Vietnam Viet Cong[76][77][78][79][80][81]
Laos Pathet Lao
National United Front of Kampuchea:
Supported by:
People's Socialist Republic of Albania Albania[81][82]
 Bulgaria[81][82]
 Burma
 China[76][79][80][81]
 Cuba[83][84][81][82]
 Czechoslovakia[81][82]
 East Germany[81][82]
 Hungary[81][82]
 India
Mongolia Mongolia[81][82]
 North Korea[85]
 Poland[81][82]
 Romania[81][82]
 South Yemen[81][82]
 Soviet Union[76][79][80][81]
 Yugoslavia[81][82]
 Sweden[86][87]
 South Vietnam[76][77][78][79][80][81]
 United States[76][77][78][79][80][81]
 Laos[81]
Kingdom of Cambodia (1967–1970)
Khmer Republic (1970–1975)

Supported by:
 Argentina[81]
 Australia[76][79][81]
 Belgium[81]
 Brazil[81]
 Canada[81][88]
 Costa Rica[81]
 Denmark[81]
 Ecuador[81]
 France[81]
 Greece[81]
 Guatemala[81]
 Honduras[81]
 Iran[81]
 Italy[81]
 Japan[81]
 Liberia[81]
 Luxembourg[81]
 Malaysia[81]
 Morocco[81]
 Norway[81]
 Netherlands[81]
 New Zealand[76][79]
 Pakistan[81]
 Philippines[79][81]
 South Africa[81]
 South Korea[76][79][81]
 Spain[81]
  Switzerland[81]
 Taiwan[81]
 Thailand[76][79][81]
 Tunisia[81]
 Turkey[81]
 United Kingdom[81]
 Uruguay[81]
 Venezuela[81]
 West Germany[81]
Combatant 1 Won[76]
First Taiwan Strait Crisis 1954–1955 China People's Republic of China
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
Taiwan Republic of China
United States United States
Stalemate
Algerian War 1954–1962 Algeria FLN (ALN)
Flag of Algeria (1958-1962).svg MNA
Flag of Parti communiste algérien.gif PCA
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 France
Supported by:
United States United States
Combatant 1 Won a political victory
Combatant 2 Won a military victory
First Sudanese Civil War 1955–1972  United Kingdom (1955-1956)
 Egypt (1955-1956)
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
(1955-1956)
Sudan Republic of the Sudan
(1956-1969)
Sudan Democratic Republic of the Sudan
(1969-1972)

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[89]

Southern Sudan Liberation Movement

Equatorial Corps (1955-1963)


Supported by:
 Ethiopia[90]
 Uganda[91]
 Israel[90][91][92]

Stalemate
Suez Crisis 1956–1957[93] Egypt Egypt[93]
Supported by:
 Soviet Union[93]
 France[93]
 Israel[93]
 United Kingdom[93]

Supported by:
 United States

Combatant 1 Won a political victory[93]
Combatant 2 Won a military victory
Second Taiwan Strait Crisis 1958 China People's Republic of China
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
Taiwan Republic of China
United States United States
Stalemate
1958 Lebanon crisis 1958 Lebanon Lebanese Opposition:

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
Egypt Egypt

Lebanon Lebanese Government
 United States
Combatant 2 Wins
1959 Tibetan uprising 1959–1962[94]  People's Republic of China

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[95]

 Tibet

Supported by:
 United States[96]
 Republic of India
Nepal Kingdom of Nepal[97]
 United Nations[98]
 Taiwan

Combatant 1 Won
Basque conflict 1959–2011 Basque Country (autonomous community) Basque National Liberation Movement

Supported by:
 Yugoslavia
 Libya

 Spain (1959–1975)
 Spain (1975–2011)

 France


Supported by:
 United States
 United Kingdom

Combatant 2 Won
Central American crisis 1960–1996[99] EGP[99]
FAR[99]
ORPA
PGT[99]
URNG[99]

FSLN

FMLN (CRM)
Nicaragua Nicaragua[100] (1979–90)


Supported by
 Soviet Union[101]
 Cuba[102]
 Libya[103][104]
 Romania (before 1989)
 Greece
 Sweden[105][106]
 Costa Rica
 Bulgaria[107]
 China[108]
 Guatemala[99]
ESA[99]
White Hand[99]
and other paramilitary groups[99]

Nicaragua Somoza government

Contras (1981–90)
El Salvador Salvadoran military government


Supported by
 United States[99][109]
 Saudi Arabia
 Honduras
 Chile
 Argentina
 Panama
 Israel[110]
 Taiwan[111]
Combatant 1 Won
Congo Crisis 1960–1965 1960–62:

Democratic Republic of the Congo Stanleyville government


1964–65:
Simba and Kwilu rebels


Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 China
 Cuba
Egypt Egypt
Algeria FLN
Algeria Algeria
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo
Tanzania Tanzania
Flag of Burundi (1962-1966).svg Burundi

1960–63:

 Katanga
 South Kasai


1964–65:
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo

Supported by:
 United States
 Belgium[114]
France France
 Rhodesia and Nyasaland
 South Africa

Combatant 2 Won
Portuguese Colonial War 1960-1974[115]  Portugal[115]

Supported by:
 South Africa
 Rhodesia
 Malawi[116]
 Spain

FLEC[115]
FNLA[115]
FRELIMO[115]
MPLA[115]
PAIGC[115]
UNITA[115]
Supported by:
 China[115]
 Cuba[115]
 France[115]
 Soviet Union[115]
 United States[115]
 Zaire
 Algeria
 Tanzania
 Zambia
 Tunisia
 Senegal
 Guinea
Republic of the Congo Congo-Brazzaville
Libya Libya
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
Bulgaria Bulgaria
Liberia Liberia
Egypt Egypt
 India
Combatant 2 Won[82]
South Thailand insurgency 1960s–present National Revolution Front (BRN)
Runda Kumpulan Kecil (RKK)
Pattani Islamic Mujahideen Movement (GMIP)
Islamic Front for the Liberation of Pattani (BIPP)
Patani United Liberation Organisation (PULO)
Jemaah Islamiyah[117]
United Mujahideen Front of Pattani (BBMP)

Supported by:
Free Aceh Movement (1976-2005)[118]
State of Palestine PLO (1970s-1980s)[119]
 Malaysia (1980s)[120]
al-Qaeda[121]
PAS[122]

 Thailand

Supported by:
 Malaysia[123][124]
 Indonesia[123]
 United States

Ongoing
Xinjiang conflict 1960s–present ETPRP
(1969–1989)
URFET
(1969–1989)

Supported by:
Soviet Union Soviet Union (1969–1989)[125][126]
Mongolia Mongolian People's Republic (1960–1989)

People's Republic of China Ongoing
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961  Cuba

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

 United States
Cuba Cuban DRF

Supported by:
 NATO

Combatant 1 Won
First Iraqi–Kurdish War 1961–1970 Republic of Iraq
Ba'athist Iraq
Supported by:
Syria[127]
KDP

Supported by:
Iran Pahlavi Iran
 Israel[128]

Stalemate
Eritrean War of Independence 1961–1974 ELF
Supported by:
Libya Libya[129][130][131]
(until 1977)
 Cuba[129][132]
(until 1974)
 Syria[133][134]
 Iraq[135][136]
 Tunisia[137][138][139]
 Saudi Arabia[140][141]
 Somalia[142]
 Sudan[143]
Ethiopia Ethiopian Empire (until 1974)
Supported by:
 United States (until 1974)
[144][145][146][147][148]
 Israel (until 1974) [149][150]
Stalemate
1974–1991 Ethiopia Derg (1974–1987)
Ethiopia PDRE (1987–1991)
Supported by:
 Cuba[151][152][153][154] (1974–1989)[dubious ]
 Soviet Union[151][155][156][157] (1974–1990)
 South Yemen [149]
EPLF
TPLF

Supported by:
 China[158][159]
 Sudan[143]
Libya Libya[129][130][131]
(1977–1991)
 United States
(May 1991)[160]
 Somalia[142]
 Syria[133][134]

Combatant 2 Won
North Yemen Civil War 1962–1970  Yemen Arab Republic
Egypt[161]

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

Kingdom of Yemen
 Saudi Arabia[161]

Supported by:
 Jordan[162]
 United Kingdom[162]
 United States

Combatant 1 Won
Dhofar Rebellion 1962–1976 DLF (1962–1968)
PFLOAG (1968–1974)
NDFLOAG (1969–1971)
PFLO (1974–1976)

Supported by:
 China[163]
 USSR[163]
South Yemen[163]
 East Germany

 Oman[163]

Supported by:
 Iran[163]
 Abu Dhabi[163]
 Saudi Arabia[163]
 United Kingdom[163]
 Jordan[163]
 Egypt[163]
 Pakistan[163]
 UAE[163]
 United States

Combatant 2 Won
Sarawak Communist Insurgency 1962–1990 Communist forces:
North Kalimantan Communist Party[164]
  • Sarawak People's Guerilla Force (SPGF)[165]
  • North Kalimantan People's Army (NKPA)[165]

 Indonesia (1962–65) (troops aid)
Other support:
Brunei People's Party

  • North Kalimantan National Army (NKNA)

Supported by:
 China[165]
 Soviet Union

Anti-communist forces:
 United Kingdom[166]

 Malaysia

Supported by:
 Australia
 Brunei
 New Zealand
 United States


 Indonesia (after 1965) (Indo-Malay border)

Stalemate
Sand War 1963  Algeria

Supported by:
 Egypt[167]
 Cuba
 Soviet Union

 Morocco

Supported by:
 USA
 France

Stalemate
Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation 1963–1966  Indonesia

Aligned parties:
North Kalimantan Communist Party

  • Sarawak People's Guerilla Force (SPGF)
  • North Kalimantan People's Army (NKPA)

Brunei People's Party

  • North Kalimantan National Army (NKNA)

Supported by:
 China[168][169]
 Soviet Union[170]

 Malaya

Supported by:
 Canada (material aid)[171]
 India[171][172]
 United States[173]

Combatant 2 Won
Aden Emergency 1963–1967 NLF
FLOSY

Supported by
Egypt Egypt
Yemen Yemen Arab Republic
 USSR

 United Kingdom

Supported by
 United States

Combatant 1 Won
Insurgency in Northeast India 1963–present ACF
Achik NLA
AMLF
ANLCA
Adivasi NLA
ANVC
APA
APLA
ATBR
ATBSF
ATF
ATPLO
In tpdf.gif ATTF
AYLF
BCF
BDFM
BKI
BLTF (until 2003)
BMS
BMS
BNCT
BNLF
CKRF
DHD (until 2013)
DHDA
DJNA
GNLA
GTF
HALC
HNLC
HPC (until 1992)
HPCD
HULA
HuM
INF
IRF
KCP
KDF
KIA
KIF
KKK
KLA
KLNLF
KLO
KNF
KNLA
KPLT
KRA
KYKL
LAEF
MNF (until 1986)
MNPF
MNRF (until 2013)

MULTA
NDFB
NLFB
NLFT
NSCN-IM
PLA
PLF-M
PRA
PREPAK
RJC
RNHPF
RNSF
SDFT
SPLA
STF
TATCF
TLOF
TMP
TNA
TNDTF
TNV (until 1988)
TRRB
TTACF
TTSF
UALA
UANF
UDKLF
UILA
UIRA
UKDA
UKLF
ULFA
UNLF
UNPC (until 2013)
UPDS (until 2014)
UPLF
ZPC
ZRA
ZRF
ZRV
ZUF


Supported by:
 Arab League
 Israel (Christian militias only)

 India
 Bhutan
 Bangladesh
 Burma

Supported by:
 United States
 Soviet Union
 Iran

Ongoing
Rhodesian Bush War 1964–1979 Flag of ZANU-PF.svg ZANLA (ZANU)
Mozambique FRELIMO[174] (until 25 June 1975)
Mozambique Mozambique (from 25 June 1975)

Supported by:
 China[175]
 Libya
 Tanzania[176]


Zimbabwe African People's Union flag.png ZIPRA (ZAPU)[177]
African National Congress Flag.svg MK (ANC)[177]


Supported by:
 Soviet Union[175]
 Zambia
 Cuba[175]
 East Germany[175]


FROLIZI
(until March 1978)

Rhodesia Rhodesia
(until 1 June 1979)

Zimbabwe Rhodesia Zimbabwe Rhodesia
(from 1 June 1979)


Supported by:
South Africa South Africa
Portugal Portugal
(until 1974)


FROLIZI
(from March 1978)

Stalemate
Colombian conflict 1964–present Flag of the FARC-EP.svg FARC

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Cuba

 Colombia

Supported by:
 USA

Ongoing
Dominican Civil War 1965 Dominican Republic Constitutionalists
Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party[178]

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Cuba

 Dominican Republic
 United States
Bandera Oficial de la OEA.png Inter-American Peace Force
Combatant 2 Won
Chadian Civil War 1965–1979 Flag of Frolinat.svg FROLINAT
Chad GUNT
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

 Chad
 France

Supported by:
 United States

Combatant 1 Won
Communist insurgency in Thailand 1965–1983 Flag of the Communist Party of Thailand.svg Communist Party of Thailand
Thai United Patriotic Front

Supported by:
 North Vietnam (until 1976)
 Vietnam (from 1976)
 China (from 1971)
Flag of Laos.svg Pathet Lao [180][181]
 North Korea[181]
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge (until 1978)[180]
 Soviet Union

 Thailand

 Taiwan (until July 1967)


Supported by:
 Malaysia
 United States[180]

Combatant 2 Won
Bolivian Campaign 1966–1967 Ejército de Liberación Nacional
 Cuba

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

 Bolivia
 United States
Combatant 2 Won
Second Korean War 1966–1969  North Korea

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 China

South Korea
 United States
Stalemate
Namibian War of Independence 1966–1990 African nationalist forces:

PLAN (SWAPO)
SWANU


Supported by:
Cuba[183]
MPLA[184]
 Soviet Union[185]
 China[186]
 Yugoslavia[187][188]
 Bulgaria[189][190]
 Tanzania[191][192]
 Zambia[193]
 Libya[194]
 Kenya[195]
 Algeria[196]
 Guyana[197]

Anti-communist forces:

 South Africa

Supported by:
UNITA[198]
 United States
 United Kingdom

Combatant 1 Won
Nigerian Civil War 1967–1970  Nigeria

Supported by:
 United Kingdom
 Soviet Union
 United States
 Sudan
 Chad
 Niger
 Syria
 Saudi Arabia
 Algeria[199]
Bulgaria Bulgaria[200]

 Biafra

Supported by:
 South Africa
Portugal Portugal[201]
 France
 Spain[202][203]
 Tanzania[204][205][206]
Gabon Gabon
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast
 Zambia
 Rhodesia
 Haiti

Combatant 1 Won
Naxalite–Maoist insurgency 1967–present Naxalites:

Supported by:
 China[207]
 Pakistan[207]
 Mongolia
 Afghanistan
 Algeria
 Bahrain
 Chad
 Comoros
 Djibouti
 Egypt
 Iraq
 Jordan
 Kuwait
 Lebanon
 Libya
 Mauritania
 Morocco
 North Yemen (1967-1990)
 Oman
 Qatar
 Palestine
 Saudi Arabia
 Somalia
 South Yemen (1967-1990)
 Sudan
 Syria
 Tunisia
 United Arab Emirates
 Yemen (from 1990)
Communist Party of Nepal—Maoist
New People's Army[208]
CIC (until 1977)

 India

Right-wing paramilitary groups:
Salwa Judum
Ranvir Sena
Bajrang Dal


Supported by:
 Bangladesh
 Bhutan
   Nepal
 Iran

Ongoing
Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia 1968 Warsaw Pact countries:
 Soviet Union
Bulgaria
Poland
 East Germany
Hungary
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Diplomatically supported by Warsaw Pact countries:
Albania
Romania[209]
 Yugoslavia[210]
Combatant 1 Won
Communist Insurgency War 1968–1989 Communist forces:
Malayan Communist Party[211]

Supported by:
 China

Anti-communist forces:
 Malaysia[212]
 Thailand[213][214]

Supported by:
 United Kingdom[215]
 Australia
 New Zealand[216]
 United States

Combatant 2 Won
Operation Condor 1968–1989 Opponents to the military juntas and right-wing governments in South America.

Supported by:
 Poland
 Spain

 Chile
 Argentina
 Brazil
 Bolivia
 Paraguay
 Uruguay

Supported by:
 United States
 Peru
 Ecuador
 Colombia
 Venezuela

Combatant 2 Won
Al-Wadiah War 1969  South Yemen

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

 Saudi Arabia

Supported by:
United States United States

Combatant 2 Won
Papua conflict 1969–Present Free Papua Movement

Supported by:
Free Aceh Movement (1976-2005)
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Until 2011)
 Soviet Union
 Vanuatu
 Israel

 Indonesia

Supported by:
 Papua New Guinea

Ongoing
Civil conflict in the Philippines 1969–present Communist forces:
Communist Party

RHB[217]


Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF)[218]
Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) (until 2014)
MRLO[219]
Ampatuan militias[220]


Supported by:
 Malaysia (to MNLF and MILF)[221][222]
 People's Republic of China (1969–1976,[223] alleged continued support[citation needed])
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1980s–2011)[224][225](to MNLF)[226][227][228][229][230]
 North Korea[231][232]
 Vietnam (1980s)[227]
 Cuba (Alleged support[citation needed])

Anti-communist forces:
 Philippines

Supported by:
 United States[234]

Ongoing
Yemenite War of 1972 1972  South Yemen
National Democratic Front

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Cuba
 East Germany
 Czechoslovakia
 Libya

 North Yemen

Supported by:
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
United States United States
 Republic of China
 United Kingdom
 West Germany

Stalemate
Angolan Civil War 1974–2002 Angola MPLA
SWAPO
MK
State of Katanga Front for the National Liberation of the Congo (FNLC)

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[235]
 Cuba
 Tanzania[236]
Mozambique Mozambique[237]
 Czechoslovak Socialist Republic[238]
 Polish People's Republic[239]
 Yugoslavia
 People's Republic of Bulgaria[240]
 Guyana[241]
 Portugal[242]
 Romania (until 1989)[239]
 India[238]
 North Korea

UNITA
FNLA
FLEC

Supported by:
 United States[243]
 People's Republic of China[243]
 South Africa
 Zambia[244]
 Morocco[245]
 Zaire
 Egypt
 France
 Belgium
 Burkina Faso (from 1987)
 Israel
 United Kingdom
 Rhodesia (until 1979)
 South Korea

Combatant 1 Won
Ethiopian Civil War 1974-1991 Flag of Ethiopia (1987–1991).svg People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[246]
[151][247][248][249][250][251]
 North Korea
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya
 South Yemen[246]
 Tanzania
 East Germany (until 1990)[252][253][246]
 Bulgaria
 Cuba (1987–1991)[254]

Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front

Supported by:
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 West Germany (until 1990)
 Germany (from 1990)
 Saudi Arabia
 Israel
 North Yemen

Combatant 2 Won
Lebanese Civil War 1975–1990 Lebanon LNM (until 1982)
Lebanon Jammoul (from 1982)
Palestine Liberation Organization PLO

Supported by:
 Iraq
 Libya
 Algeria


Amal Movement


Hezbollah
(from 1985)
 Iran (From 1980, mainly IRGC paramilitary units)


Supported by:
 North Korea


Islamic Unification Movement (from 1982)


 Syria

Forces Libanaises Flag.svg LF
Lebanesearmyfirstflag.png AFL (until 1977)
SLA (from 1976)
 Israel (from 1978)

Tigers Militia (until 1980)


Marada Brigades (left LF in 1978; aligned with Syria)


 Lebanon
 United Nations UNIFIL (from 1978)
Multinational Force in Lebanon (1982–1984)
 United States
 France


Arab Deterrent Force (1976–1987)
 Syria (1976, and from 1983)


Neutral Parties: Armenian Revolutionary Federation
Iraqi Kurdistan Kurds

Stalemate
Western Sahara War 1975–1991 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Polisario Front

Supported by:
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya
 Algeria[255]
 Soviet Union

 Morocco

Supported by:
 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 Mauritania
 France

Stalemate
Indonesian occupation of East Timor 1975–1999  East Timor (CNRM, later CNRT)

Supported by:
 Portugal
 Soviet Union
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya
Free Aceh Movement
 China

 Indonesia

Supported by:
 United States
 Australia
 United Kingdom
 Canada

Combatant 2 Won
Cabinda War 1975–present  Angola

Supported by:
 Cuba
 East Germany (until 1989)
 Soviet Union (until 1989)[256][257]

FLEC

Supported by:
 France[258]
 Zaire[259]
 Belgium[260]
World League for Freedom and Democracy logo.jpg World League for Freedom and Democracy[260]
 China (alleged)

Ongoing
Insurgency in Laos 1975–present Laos Laos

Supported by:
Vietnam Vietnam
 North Vietnam (to 1976)
 Soviet Union (to 1978)

Hmong insurgents

Ethnic Liberation Organization of Laos
(1984–)
United Front for the Liberation of Laos (1980–)


Laos Royal Lao Democratic Government (1982)


Chao Fa (to 1984)
Lao National Liberation Front
Lao United Independence Front
Free Democratic Lao National Salvation Force
Cambodia National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (1979-1983: limited involv.)


Supported by:
China China (PRC) (to 1988)
[261]
Cambodia Democratic Kampuchea (to 1979)
Khmer Rouge (1980 to 1981)
Party of Democratic Kampuchea (1981 to 1990)
Thailand Thailand (Rightists: early to mid-1980s) (Hmong: to 1990)
United States United States (Hmong: 1990)
Neo Hom (support. 1981-)[262][263]
Laos Royal Lao Government in Exile
Various Hmong exiles

Ongoing
Insurgency in Aceh 1976–2005 Free Aceh Movement

Supported by:
Free Papua Movement
 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

 Indonesia

Supported by:
 United States

Stalemate
Civil conflict in Turkey 1976–present TAK
TKP/ML-TİKKO
MKP-HKO-PHG
Maoist Party
Maoist Party Centre
THKO
Devrimci Yol
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[264][265]
 China
ASALA[266] (1970s–1988)
 Syria (until October 1998)[264][267][268]

 Turkey

Supported by:
 USA

Ongoing
Shaba I 1977 State of Katanga Front for the National Liberation of the Congo (FNLC)

Supported by:
Angola Angola
 Cuba
 Soviet Union

 Zaire
Supported by:
 United States[269]
 China[270]
 Sudan[270]
 Morocco
 Egypt
 France
 Belgium
Combatant 2 Won
Ogaden War 1977–1978 Ethiopia

Supported by:
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
 South Yemen
 North Korea
 East Germany

Somalia Somalia
WSLF

Supported by:
 China
 Egypt
Romania Socialist Republic of Romania

Combatant 1 Won
Cambodian-Vietnamese War 1977-1991  Vietnam (VPA)
KUFNS
People's Republic of Kampuchea (KPRAF) (after 10 January 1979)
State of Cambodia (CPAF) (1989)

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Laos

Democratic Kampuchea (RAK)

Supported by:
 China


Post invasion:
CGDK:


Supported by:
 China
 United States(non-combat support)
 United Kingdom(non-combat support)


Spillover conflict:
 Thailand (border clashes)

Combatant 1 Won
Mozambican Civil War 1977-1992 Mozambique FRELIMO

Supported by:
 Malawi[116]
 Brazil
 Australia
 Zimbabwe (from 1980)
 Tanzania
 Soviet Union
 Bulgaria
 Cuba

Mz renamo1.PNG RENAMO

Supported by:
 Zimbabwe-Rhodesia
 South Africa[271]
 Malawi[116]
 USA
 Rhodesia

Combatant 1 Won
Chittagong Hill Tracts conflict 1977–1997 Bangladesh Bangladesh Shanti Bahini


Supported by:
 India[272][273]

Stalemate
Shaba II 1978 State of Katanga Front for the National Liberation of the Congo (FNLC)

Supported by
Angola Angola
 Cuba (alleged)
 Soviet Union (alleged)

 Zaire

Supported by:
 France
 Belgium
 United States

Combatant 2 Won
Saur Revolution 1978 PDP of Afghanistan

Supported by:
 Soviet Union

Afghanistan Republic of Afghanistan

Supported by:
 United States

Combatant 1 Won
Uganda–Tanzania War 1978–1979  Tanzania
Uganda UNLA
Mozambique Mozambique[274]
 Uganda
 Libya
State of Palestine PLO[275][274]
Combatant 1 Won
NDF Rebellion 1978–1982 Yemeni Socialist Party Flag.svg NDF

Supported by:
 South Yemen
 Libya
 Soviet Union

 North Yemen

Flag of Jihad.svg Islamic Front


Supported by:
 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 Taiwan

Combatant 2 Won
Chadian–Libyan conflict 1978–1987 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya

Chad Chadian rebels


Supported by:
 Soviet Union

Chad Chad

 France
 Zaire[277]


Supported by:
 United States[278]
 Egypt[276]
 Sudan[276]

Combatant 2 Won
Yemenite War of 1979 1979  South Yemen

National Democratic Front


Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Cuba
 East Germany
 Czechoslovakia
 Libya

 North Yemen

Supported by:
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
United States United States
 Taiwan
 Iraq
 Egypt

Stalemate
Afghan-Soviet War 1979–1989 Soviet Union Soviet Union

Afghanistan Democratic Republic of Afghanistan


Supported by:
 India[279][280]

Sunni Mujahideen:

Supported by:
 Pakistan[281]
 United States[282][283][284][285]
 United Kingdom[284][286][287]
 China[288]
 Saudi Arabia[283][284][289][290]
 West Germany[291]


Shia Mujahedeen:


Supported by:
 Iran[281]


Small Maoist groups:

Combatant 2 Won
Sino-Vietnamese War 1979  Vietnam

Supported by:
 Soviet Union
 Laos

 People's Republic of China Stalemate
Iran–Iraq War 1980–1988  Iran

Supported by:
 Syria[292]
 North Korea[293]
 Israel[294]
 Libya
(For other forms of foreign support, see here)

Iraq Iraq

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[295][296]
 France [297][298]
 Qatar[299][300]
 United States [301][302]
 United Kingdom [303]
 Kuwait[304]
 Jordan[305]
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE
Romania Romania
 Egypt[306]
(For other forms of foreign support, see here)

Stalemate
Internal conflict in Peru 1980–present Shining Path


MRTA (until 1997)


Supported by:
 Soviet Union

Peru Peruvian Armed Forces

Peru Rondas Campesinas


Supported by:
 United States
 Japan

Ongoing
Ethiopian–Somali Border War 1982 Ethiopia

Somali rebels
Supported by:
 Cuba[307]
 South Yemen[307]
 North Korea[307]

Somalia Somalia

Supported by:
 United States[307][308]

Combatant 2 Won
Falklands War 1982  Argentina

Supported by:
 Soviet Union[309]
 Cuba[310]
Libya Libya[311]

 United Kingdom

Supported by:
 United States[312]
 France[313]
 Chile[314]
 Norway[315]

Combatant 2 Won
Sri Lankan Civil War 1983–2009 Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Supported by:
 Libya
 India (until 1987) [316][317][318][319]

 Sri Lanka
 India
 Maldives

Supported by:
 United Nations
 Taiwan

Combatant 2 Won
Invasion of Grenada 1983 Grenada People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada

Supported by:
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
 North Korea[320]
East Germany East Germany
People's Republic of Bulgaria People's Republic of Bulgaria
Libya Libya[320]

 United States

Caribbean Peace Force:

Combatant 2 Won
Thai–Laotian Border War 1987–1988  Laos
 Vietnam

Supported by
Soviet Union Soviet Union

 Thailand

Supported by
United States United States

Stalemate
Bougainville Civil War 1988-1998 Autonomous Region of Bougainville Bougainville Interim Government (BIG)

Supported by
 Solomon Islands
 Fiji
 France

 Papua New Guinea

Supported by
 Australia

Stalemate
Afghan Civil War 1989–1992 Afghanistan Democratic Republic of Afghanistan

Supported by
Soviet Union Soviet Union

Mujahideen

Supported by
United States United States
 Pakistan
 China[321]
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia

Combatant 2 Won
Gulf War 1990-1991 Iraq Ba'athist Iraq

 Kuwait Republic of Kuwait


Supported by
 Jordan
 PLO
 Sudan
 Yemen
Libya Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

 Kuwait

 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 United Kingdom
 France
 Egypt
 Morocco
 Oman
 Pakistan
 Canada
 United Arab Emirates
 Qatar
 Italy
 Australia
 Netherlands
 Niger
 Sweden
 Argentina
 Senegal
 Spain
 Luxembourg
 Bahrain
 Belgium
 Sierra Leone
 Poland
 Philippines
 South Korea
 Czechoslovakia
 Greece
 Turkey
 Denmark[322]
 New Zealand
 Hungary
 Norway

Combatant 2 Won

Modern and ongoing proxy wars/Cold War II[edit]

War Dates Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Chechen-Russian conflict 1785–present  Russia

Supported by:
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia
 Azerbaijan
 United States
 India
 United Kingdom
 Turkey
 Japan
 Canada
 China
 Iran
 Belarus
 Vietnam
 France
 Jordan
 Australia
 New Zealand
 Philippines
 Armenia

Chechen nationalist and Islamist rebels:
Caucasus Emirate
Riyad-us Saliheen
Wilayah al-Qawqaz (ISIL)
Al-Qaeda
Republic of Ichkeria (until 1999)

Supported by:
Jaish al-Muhajireen wal-Ansar
Taliban
al-Nusra Front

Ongoing
Internal conflict in Myanmar 1948–present  Myanmar Opposition forces

ABSDF
Arakan Army
DKBA-5
KNU

KIO

MNDAA
NDAA
SSAN
SSAS
TNLA
UWSP

...and others


Supported by:
 United States
 Thailand
 China
 Bangladesh (Rohingya groups only)

Ongoing
Balochistan conflict
(part of Iran-Israel proxy conflicts)
1948–present  Pakistan
 China (from 2004)[323]

Supported by:
 United States
 Afghanistan
 United Arab Emirates


 Iran[324]


Supported by:
 China
 Syria (until 2011)
 Russia

Baloch separatist groups

Supported by:
 India
 Russia


Sectarian groups
Jundallah[52][325]
Jaish ul-Adl
Jundallah (Pakistan)
al-Qaeda
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi[50]
Sipah-e-Sahaba[50]
Supported by:
 Israel (against Iran not Pakistan, in support of Jundallah only)[53]
 United States (against Iran (alleged))[326]
 Pakistan (alleged)
 Saudi Arabia (alleged)[327]
 United Kingdom (alleged)[328]
 Sweden (alleged)[329]
 Qatar[330]

Ongoing
Palestinian–Israeli conflict
(part of Iran-Israel proxy conflicts)
1948–present  Israel
Supported by:
 USA
 United Kingdom
 France
 Netherlands[58]
 Germany
 Palestine

Supported by:
 Iran
 Arab League
 Turkey (since 2006)
 Cuba[55]
 Venezuela
 Algeria
 Bangladesh[56]
 Pakistan[331][332]
 Russia

Ongoing
Basque conflict
(part of the Libyan-US proxy conflict)
1959–2011  Spain

 France

Supported by:
 United States
 United Kingdom

Basque Country (autonomous community) Basque National Liberation Movement

Supported by:
 Libya
 Yugoslavia (until 1992)
 Serbia and Montenegro (until 2006)
 Serbia
 Slovakia

Combatant 1 Won
Central American crisis
(part of the Libyan-US proxy conflict)
1960–1996[333]  Guatemala[333]
ESA[333]
White Hand[333]
and other paramilitary groups[333]

Nicaragua Somoza government

Contras (1981–90)
El Salvador Salvadoran military government


Supported by
 United States[333][109]
 Saudi Arabia
 Honduras
 Chile
 Argentina
 Panama
 Israel[110]
 Taiwan[111]
EGP[333]
FAR[333]
ORPA
PGT[333]
URNG[333]

FSLN

FMLN (CRM)


Supported by
 Russia
 Cuba[334]
 Libya
 Greece
 Sweden
 Costa Rica
 Bulgaria[335]
 China[108]
Combatant 2 Won
South Thailand insurgency 1960s–present  Thailand

Supported by:
 Malaysia[123][336]
 Indonesia[123]
 United States

National Revolution Front (BRN)
Runda Kumpulan Kecil (RKK)
Pattani Islamic Mujahideen Movement (GMIP)
Islamic Front for the Liberation of Pattani (BIPP)
Patani United Liberation Organisation (PULO)
Jemaah Islamiyah[117]
United Mujahideen Front of Pattani (BBMP)

Supported by:
Free Aceh Movement (1976-2005)[118]

Ongoing
Insurgency in Northeast India 1963–present  India
 Bhutan
 Bangladesh
 Burma

Supported by:
 United States