During the debates over the design and ratification of the
, in 1787 and 1788, a large number of writers in the popular press used United States Constitution . This list shows some of the more important commentaries and the (known or presumed) authors responsible for them. Note: the identity of the person behind several of these pseudonyms is not known for certain. pseudonyms
Francis Hopkinson Federalist.
James Winthrop  Eighteen essays appeared under this name in the
Massachusetts Gazette between November 23, 1787 and February 5, 1788. 
Samuel Tenney Federalist.
John Stevens, Jr. 
Alexander Contee Hanson Federalist.
William Petrikin Anti-Federalist.
Robert Yates  Anti-Federalist. After
Marcus Junius Brutus, a Roman republican involved in the assassination of Caesar. Published sixteen essays in the New York Journal between October 1787 and April 1788.
George Clinton  Anti-Federalist.
Samuel Bryan Alternately, the author possibly was
George Bryan. 
Arthur Lee After
Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus. Six essays addressed to James Wilson appeared under this name in the New York Journal beginning November 1, 1787. 
A Citizen of America
A Citizen of New Haven
A Columbian Patriot
Mercy Warren 
A Country Federalist
Anti-Federalist. The Federal Farmer letters are frequently attributed to
Richard Henry Lee, but modern scholarship has challenged Lee's authorship.  
Nicholas Collin 
James Warren 
An Independent Freeholder
Johan de Witt, Grand Pensionary of Holland.
Oliver Ellsworth Thirteen essays, some of the most widely circulated commentary on the proposed Constitution, appeared under this name, with the first publication coming in the Hartford papers. The essays were certainly written by one of the Connecticut delegates to the Convention, and Ellsworth is the only likely possibility.
An Officer of the Late Continental Army
William Findley 
A Pennsylvania Farmer
A Plain Dealer
Spencer Roane 
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay After
Publius Valerius Publicola. Under this name the three men wrote the 85 Federalist Papers. Hamilton had already used the name in 1778.
A Republican Federalist
James Warren 
Patrick Henry? Published an article in the
Virginia Independent Chronicle, August 15, 1787, which was reprinted in four states. James McClurg wrote that the author was "supposed by some to be Mr. H---y." 
The State Soldier
St. George Tucker
Robert Yates 
Timoleon of Corinth.
References [ edit ]
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XV: p. 181.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k Main, Jackson Turner. The Antifederalists: Critics of the Constitution, 1781-1788. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. 1961, p. 287.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XV: p. 51.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XIII: p. 412.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XV: p. 120.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XIII: p. 489.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XIII: p. 376.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XIII, p. 529.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XIV: pp. 15-6.
^ Wood, Gordon S. "The Authorship of the Letters from the Federal Farmer." The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd Ser., Vol. 31, No. 2. (Apr., 1974), pp. 299-308.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XV: p. 454.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, XIII: p. 561.
^ Kaminski and Saladino, p. 90.