List of psychiatric medications by condition treated

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This is a list of psychiatric medications used by psychiatrists to treat mental illness or distress. It is ordered alphabetically according to the condition or conditions each drug is used to treat, then by the generic name of each drug. The list is not exhaustive and not all drugs are used regularly in all countries.

Drug dependence therapy[edit]

Used in the treatment of alcoholism and opioid dependence[edit]

INN Common brand names
Acamprosate Campral
Baclofen Baclosan, Kemstro, Lioresal
Buprenorphine Subutex
Buprenorphine/naloxone Suboxone
Disulfiram Antabuse
Methadone Dolophine
Naltrexone Depade, ReVia, Vivitrol
Ondansetron Zofran

Used for smoking cessation[edit]

Main article: Tobacco smoking
INN Common brand names
Bupropion Voxra, Zyban
Cytisine Tabex
Varenicline Champix, Chantix

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder[edit]

Stimulants[edit]

INN Common brand names
Amphetamine - Dextroamphetamine Adderall
Amfetamine Evekeo
Dexamfetamine Dexedrine, Dextrostat, Zenzedi
Lisdexamfetamine Vyvanse, Elvanse
Methylphenidate Ritalin, Concerta
Dexmethylphenidate Focalin
Metamfetamine Desoxyn

Non-stimulant medications[edit]

INN Common brand names
Atomoxetine Strattera
Clonidine Kapvay
Guanfacine Intuniv, Tenex

Anxiety disorders[edit]

Main article: Anxiety disorder

Benzodiazepine derivatives[edit]

INN Common brand names
Alprazolam Xanax
Bromazepam Lexotanil
Chlordiazepoxide Librium
Clobazam Frisium
Clonazepam Klonopin
Clorazepate Tranxene
Diazepam Valium
Lorazepam Ativan, Temesta
Oxazepam Serax
Tofisopam Emandaxin, Grandaxin

Non-benzodiazepine anxiolytics[edit]

INN Common brand names
Buspirone BuSpar
Hydroxyzine Atarax, Vistaril
Meprobamate Equanil, Miltown
Pregabalin Lyrica

Antidepressants[edit]

INN Common brand names
Citalopram Celexa, Cipramil
Clomipramine Anafranil
Doxepin Sinequan
Escitalopram Cipralex, Lexapro
Fluoxetine Prozac, Sarafem
Fluvoxamine Fevarin, Luvox
Imipramine Tofranil
Mirtazapine Avanza, Remeron, Zispin
Paroxetine Seroxat, Paxil
Sertraline Lustral, Zoloft

Autism[edit]

Main article: Autism
INN Common brand names
Risperidone[1][2] Risperdal, Rispolept, Speridan

Bipolar disorder[edit]

Main article: Bipolar disorder

Mood stabilizers[edit]

INN Common brand names
Carbamazepine Biston, Calepsin, Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Finlepsin,
Sirtal, Stazepine, Tegretol, Telesmin, Timonil
Gabapentin Neurontin
Lamotrigine Lamictal
Levetiracetam Keppra
Lithium salts Camcolit, Eskalith, Lithobid, Sedalit
Oxcarbazepine Trileptal
Topiramate Topamax
Sodium valproate [note 1] Convulex, Depakene, Depakine Enteric, Orfiril, Stavzor
Divalproex sodium [note 2] Depakote, Epival, Ergenyl Chrono
Sodium valproate and
valproic acid in 2.3:1 ratio
Depakine Chrono, Depakine Chronosphere,
Epilim Chrono, Epilim Chronosphere

Antipsychotics[edit]

INN Common brand names
Aripiprazole Abilify, Abilify Maintena
Asenapine Saphris, Sycrest
Chlorpromazine Largactil, Thorazine
Olanzapine Zyprexa
Paliperidone Invega, Xeplion
Quetiapine Seroquel
Risperidone Risperdal, Rispolept
Ziprasidone Geodon, Zeldox

Major depressive disorder or dysthymia[edit]

INN Common brand names
Amisulpride Amazeo, Amipride, Amival, Deniban, Solian, Soltus, Sulpitac, Sulprix
Amitriptyline Elavil, Endep, Tryptanol, Tryptomer
Amoxapine Asendin, Asendis, Defanyl, Demolox, Moxadil
Agomelatine Valdoxan, Melitor, Thymanax
Bupropion Elontril, Wellbutrin
Citalopram Celexa, Cipramil, Talohexane
Clomipramine Anafranil
Desipramine Norpramin, Pertofrane
Desvenlafaxine Pristiq
Doxepin Aponal, Adapine, Silenor, Sinquan, Sinequan, Zonalon
Duloxetine Cymbalta
Escitalopram Cipralex, Lexapro
Fluoxetine Fluctin, Fludac, Fontex, Foxetin, Lovan, Prodep, Prozac, Sarafem, Symbyax
Fluvoxamine Luvox, Faverin, Fevarin
Imipramine Antideprin, Tofranil
Lamotrigine Lamictal, Lamictin, Lamogine
Mirtazapine Remeron, Avanza
Moclobemide Aurorix, Manerix
Nortriptyline Aventyl, Pamelor
Paroxetine Aropax, Paxil, Pexeva, Seroxat
Phenelzine Nardil
Protriptyline Vivactil
Reboxetine Edronax, Norebox, Prolift, Solvex, Vestra
Selegiline Emsam
Sertraline Zoloft, Lustral
Doxepin Deptran, Prudoxin, Sinequan, .
Tianeptine Stablon, Coaxil, Tatinol
Tranylcypromine Parnate
Trazodone Desyrel, Oleptro, Trittico, Thombran
Venlafaxine Efectin, Efexor, Effexor, Efexor XR, Trevilor (Slow Release)
Vilazodone Viibryd
Vortioxetine Brintellix

Insomnia[edit]

Main article: Insomnia
See also: Sedative

Benzodiazepines[edit]

INN Common brand names
Brotizolam Lendormin
Estazolam Eurodin, ProSom
Flunitrazepam Hipnosedon, Hypnodorm, Rohypnol, Vulbegal
Flurazepam Dalmadorm, Dalmane
Loprazolam Dormonoct
Lormetazepam Noctamid
Midazolam Dormicum, Hypnofast
Nimetazepam Erimin
Nitrazepam Alodorm, Dumolid, Mogadon, Pacisyn, Radedorm 5
Phenazepam Phenazepam, Phenorelaxan, Phezipam
Quazepam Doral, Dormalin
Temazepam Normison, Restoril
Triazolam Halcion

Dormonoct

Z-drugs[edit]

Main article: Z-drug
INN Common brand names
Eszopiclone Lunesta
Zaleplon Andante, Sonata, Starnoc
Zolpidem Ambien CR, Hypnogen, Intermezzo, Ivadal, Sanval, Snovitel, Stilnoct, Stilnox, Sublinox
Zopiclone Imovane, Imrest, Piclodorm, Somnol, Zimovane

Melatonergic agents[edit]

INN Common brand names
Agomelatine Melitor, Thymanax, Valdoxan
Melatonin Circadin, Melaxen
Ramelteon Rozerem

Barbiturates[edit]

Main article: Barbiturate
INN Common brand names
Amobarbital Amytal Sodium
Amobarbital/secobarbital Tuinal
Butobarbital Neonal, Soneryl
Cyclobarbital/diazepam Reladorm
Pentobarbital Nembutal Sodium
Phenobarbital Luminal
Secobarbital Seconal Sodium

Sedating antidepressants[edit]

INN Common brand names
Amitriptyline Elavil, Endep, Laroxyl, Lentizol, Saroten, Sarotex, Tryptizol, Tryptomer
Doxepin Silenor
Mianserin Bolvidon, Depnon, Lerivon, Tolvon
Mirtazapine Avanza, Remeron, Zispin
Trazodone Deprax, Desyrel, Oleptro, Trittico
Trimipramine Rhotrimine, Stangyl, Surmontil

Antihistamines[edit]

Main article: H1 antagonist
INN Common brand names
Alimemazine Nedeltran, Theralen, Theralene, Theraligene
Cyproheptadine Periactin, Peritol
Diphenhydramine Benadryl, Dimedrol, Daedalon, Nytol
Doxylamine Donormyl, Dormidina, Dozile, NyQuil, Restavit, Somnil, Unisom SleepTab
Hydroxyzine Atarax, Vistaril
Promethazine Avomine, Fargan, Phenergan, Pipolphen, Promethegan, Prothiazine, Romergan, Sominex

Others[edit]

INN Common brand names
Chloral hydrate Chloraldurat, Somnote
Clomethiazole Distraneurin, Heminevrin
Glutethimide Doriden
Motherwort
Niaprazine Nopron
Sodium oxybate Alcover, Xyrem
Tizanidine Sirdalud, Zanaflex
Valerian

Psychosis, including schizophrenia (Antipsychotics)[edit]

Main articles: Psychosis and schizophrenia

Mild strength[edit]

INN Common brand names
Chlorprothixene Truxal
Levomepromazine Levium, Levomepromazine Neuraxph., Neurocil
Perazine Perazin Neuraxph., Taxilan
Promethazine Atosil, Closin, Promethazin Neuraxph., Proneurin, Prothazin
Prothipendyl Dominal
Sulpiride Dogmatil, Dogmatyl, Sulpirid
Thioridazine Mellaril, Thioridazin Neuraxph.

Medium strength[edit]

INN Common brand names
Zuclopenthixol Cisordinol, Clopixol

Strong strength[edit]

INN Common brand names
Perphenazine Trilafon

Very strong strength[edit]

INN Common brand names
Benperidol Benperidol Neuraxph., Glianimon
Bromperidol Impromen
Fluphenazine decanoate Anatensol, Dapotum D, Deconoat, Fludecate,
Modecate, Prolixin Decanoate, Sinqualone
enanthate Dapotum Injektion, Flunanthate, Moditen
Enanthate Injection, Sinqualone Enantat
hydrochloride Dapotum, Permitil, Prolixin, Lyogen, Moditen,
Omca, Sediten, Selecten, Sevinol, Siqualone, Trancin
Fluspirilen Fluspi, Fluspirilen Beta, Imap
Haloperidol Haldol, Serenase
Pimozide Orap

Other antipsychotics[edit]

INN Common brand names
Amisulpride Solian
Aripiprazole Abilify
Asenapine Saphris
Chlorpromazine Largactil, Thorazine
Clozapine Clozaril, Fazaclo, Leponex
Flupenthixol Depixol, Fluanxol
Iloperidone Fanapt
Melperone Eunerpan, Melneurin
Olanzapine Zyprexa, Zyprexa Relprevv
Paliperidone Invega, Invega Sustenna
Penfluridol Semap
Quetiapine Seroquel
Risperidone Belivon, Risperdal, Risperdal Consta
Sertindole Serdolect, Serlect
Thiothixene Navane
Trifluoperazine Eskazinyl, Eskazine, Jatroneural, Modalina,
Stelazine, Terfluzine, Trifluoperaz, Triftazin
Ziprasidone Geodon, Zeldox
Zotepine Nipolept
Pericyazine Neulactil - Not approved for sale in USA

Adjuncts[edit]

INN Common brand names
Carbamazepine See mood stabilizers section above
Valproic acid See mood stabilizers section above

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ valproic acid sodium salt
  2. ^ also known as valproate semisodium or (sodium valproate and valproic acid in 1:1 ratio)

References[edit]

  1. ^ McCracken J, McGough J, Shah B, et al. Risperidone in children with autism and serious behavior problems. New England Journal of Med.2002; 347 (5):314–321 Abstract/Free Full Text
  2. ^ Mandell D, Morales K.H, Marcus S.C, et al. Psychotropic Medication Use Among Medicaid-Enrolled Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. American Journal of Pediatrics Feb.2008; Free Full Text

External links[edit]