List of psychotropic medications
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List of medications which are used to treat psychiatric conditions that are on the market in the United States (this list is incomplete; the title of the entry is "List of Psychotropic Medications" and what follows is a list of psychiatric drugs - not all psychotropic agents are used to treat psychiatric conditions.
- Adderall (amphetamine, dextroamphetamine mixed salts) - a stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Ambien (zolpidem) - used as a sleep aid, causes drowsiness
- Anafranil (clomipramine) - a tricyclic antidepressant; mostly used for obsessive compulsive disorder
- Aricept (donepezil) - used to slow the progression of dementia
- Aripiprazole (Abilify) - atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and irritability associated with autism
- Asenapine (Saphris, Sycrest) - atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar mania
- Ativan (lorazepam) - a benzodiazepine, used to relieve anxiety
- benperidol (Benperidol) - an antipsychotic primarily used to control antisocial hypersexual behaviour
- brexpiprazole (Rexulti) - a dopamine D2 receptor partial agonist used to treat major depressive disorder
- BuSpar (buspirone) – an anti-anxiety medication
- Celexa (citalopram) - an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class
- clobazam (Frisium, Onfi, Tapclob, Urbanol) – a benzodiazepine that has been marketed as an anxiolytic since 1975 and as an anticonvulsant since 1984
- clorazepate (Novo-Clopate, Tranxene) – a benzodiazepine with anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties
- chlordiazepoxide (Librium) – a sedative and hypnotic benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and withdrawal symptoms
- clozapine (Clozaril, FazaClo, Versacloz) - an atypical antipsychotic, mainly used for treatment-resistant schizophrenia
- Concerta (methylphenidate ER) - an extended release form of methylphenidate (norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor used to treat attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Contrave (bupropion/naltrexone) - a combination drug used for weight loss in those that are either obese or overweight with some weight-related illnesses
- Cymbalta (duloxetine) - an antidepressant of the serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors class
- Depakote (valproic acid/sodium valproate) - an antiepileptic and mood stabilizer used to treat bipolar disorder, neuropathic pain and others; sometimes called an antimanic medication; Depakene is the trade name for the same drug prepared without sodium
- Desoxyn (methamphetamine hydrochloride) - used to treat severe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and severe exogenous obesity; rarely used
- Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine sulfate) - used to treat severe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.
- dextromethorphan (Delsym, DM, DXM, Robitussin) - an antitussive drug that is used as a recreational drug similar to other dissociative anesthetics such as ketamine and phencyclidine.
- disulfiram (Antabuse) – inhibits enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, causing acetaldehyde poisoning when ethanol is consumed; used to cause severe hangover when drinking; increases liver, kidney, and brain damage from drinking
- donepezil (Aricept) – used in palliative treatment of Alzheimer's disease; does not slow progression of the disease
- doxepin (Aponal, Quitaxon, Sinequan) - a tricyclic antidepressant used to treat nerve pain, insomnia; similar to imipramine
- Effexor and Effexor XR (venlafaxine) - an antidepressant of the serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor class. It is licensed for the treatment of major depressive disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder and social phobia.
- Elavil (amitriptyline) - a tricyclic antidepressant, less commonly used these days as an antidepressant or to treat psychiatric conditions (considered a first line treatment option for neuropathic pain)
- estazolam (Prosom, Eurodin) – a benzodiazepine derivative with anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties, commonly prescribed for short-term treatment of insomnia
- eszopiclone (Lunesta) – a cyclopyrrolone hypnotic agent used in the treatment of insomnia, the dextrorotatory stereoisomer of zopiclone
- Geodon (ziprasidone) - atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar mania
- Gabitril (tiagabine) - used off-label in the treatment of anxiety disorders and panic disorder
- Haldol (haloperidol) - a "typical" antipsychotic, one of the oldest, usually given in conjunction with "Cogentin" (benzotropine), an antiparkinsonic. This is due to the high occurrence of tardive dyskinesia in patients with prolonged Haldol use. May be used as a last resort treatment for agitated delirium associated with delirium tremens.
- Imipramine (Tofranil) - a tricyclic antidepressant which is sometimes used to treat bulimia, panic disorder, depression or related disorders
- Inderal (propranolol) - a beta blocker; it is used for acute anxiety, panic attacks, hypertension.
- Invega (paliperidone) - atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder
- Keppra (levetiracetam) - an anticonvulsant drug which is sometimes used as a mood stabilizer and has potential benefits for other psychiatric and neurologic conditions such as Tourette syndrome, anxiety disorder, and Alzheimer's disease.
- Klonopin (clonazepam) - anti-anxiety and anti-epileptic medication of the benzodiazepine class.
- Lamotrigine (brand named Lamictal) - a mood stabilizer of the anticonvulsant class
- Latuda (lurasidone) - an atypical anti-psychotic
- Lexapro (escitalopram) - an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class
- Librium (chlordiazepoxide) - the first approved medication of the benzodiazepine class. Mostly used to treat acute alcohol withdrawal.
- Lithium (Lithobid, Eskalith) - known more commonly by its generic name, a mood stabilizer used in treating bipolar disorder
- Lunesta (eszopiclone) - a non-benzodiazepine sedative hypnotic sleep aid
- Luvox (fluvoxamine) - an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class, often used to treat Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Loxitane (loxapine) - an antipsychotic, only rarely used nowadays
- Mellaril (thioridazine) - an antipsychotic, only rarely used nowadays
- Methylphenidate (Ritalin) - a central nervous system stimulant. It is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy or augment for depression.
- Melatonin - a hypnotic used to treat insomnia
- Naltrexone (ReVia) - an opioid antagonist primarily used in the management of alcohol dependence, opioid dependence or other impulse control/addictive behaviors such as habitual self-mutilation; also used in formulation with bupropion (bupropion/naltrexone) to treat obesity
- Navane (tiotixene) - an antipsychotic, only rarely used nowadays
- Neurontin (gabapentin) - an anticonvulsant (anti-seizure medication) which is sometimes used as a mood stabilizer, anti-anxiety agent or to treat chronic pain, particularly diabetic neuropathy
- Paxil (paroxatine) - a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, used frequently to treat depression and anxiety disorders
- Phenelzine (Nardil) - monoamine oxidase inhibitor, for depression
- Pimozide (Orap) - a typical antipsychotic used to treat tic disorders
- Pristiq (desvenlafaxine) - a selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor antidepressant
- Prolixin (fluphenazine) - a typical antipsychotic
- Prozac (fluoxetine) - a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant
- Phenobarbital (Luminal) - a barbiturate, sedative and hypnotic properties
- Quetiapine (Seroquel or Seroquel XR) - an atypical antipsychotic mainly used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder; sometimes is used as a sleep aid when given in low doses
- Remeron (mirtazapine) - an atypical antidepressant which is often used as a sleep aid
- Restoril (temazepam) - a sleep aid of the benzodiazepine class
- Risperdal (risperidone) - an atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and irritability associated with autism
- Ritalin (methylphenidate) - a stimulant used to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder
- Reminyl (galantamine) - used to slow the progression of Alzheimer's dementia
- ReVia (naltrexone)
- Serax (oxazepam) - anti-anxiety medication of the benzodiazepine class, often used to help during detoxification from alcohol or other drugs of abuse
- Stelazine (trifluoperazine) - a typical antipsychotic, only rarely used nowadays
- Strattera (atomoxetine) - a non-stimulant medication used to treat attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Thorazine - (chlorpromazine) the first antipsychotic although highly effective, it is rarely used nowadays because of the high rate of serious side effects
- Topamax - (topiramate) a mood stabilizer, also used for migraine headaches
- Trazodone (Deseryl) - an atypical antidepressant of the serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitor class, most typically used as a sleep aid
- Trileptal - (oxcarbazepine) a mood stabilizer used to treat bipolar disorder
- Trintellix (vortioxetine) - serotonin stimulator and modulator antidepressant, used to treat major depressive disorder
- Tegretol - (carbamazepine) anti-seizure that can also be used as a mood stabilizer
- Valium (diazepam) - anti-anxiety medication of the benzodiazepine class
- Vistaril (hydroxyzine) - an antihistamine for the treatment of itches and irritations, an antiemetic, as a weak analgesic, an opioid potentiator, and as an anxiolytic.
- Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine) - a stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and binge eating disorder; Vyvanse is converted into Dexedrine in vivo.
- Viibryd (vilazodone) - a new antidepressant
- Vraylar (Cariprazine) - an atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
- Wellbutrin (Regular or SR) (bupropion) - an antidepressant of the norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor class, structurally identical to Zyban, a smoking cessation aid
- Wellbutrin XL (budeprion XL) - a delayed release formulation of Wellbutrin
- Zoloft (sertraline) - an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class
- Zyprexa (olanzapine) - an atypical antipsychotic medication used in the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder
- Zaleplon (Sonata) - a non-benzodiazepine sedative hypnotic
- Zopiclone (Imovane) - a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic